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No. LXXVIII. JULY, 1828. Vol. XIV. 


^* Qaicquid agunt homines.** 
No. I. 

London has now gone ibrough her cause of some of oor public phenome* 
intellectual year ; for, after the first of na. A^hy Sir Robert Wilson is as 

July, no man writes, reads. Or thinks, much forgotten as if he had never ra- 

Hfte booksellers stray through dusty ved ; why no man dive asks whether 

anddeaoted shops; author&ip, weary he i»> at this sultry hour, hiding his 

and wasted, ooila itself in its secret glory and his honours in a cabaret at 

bamita, till winter shall revive it to Corunpil, or cooling his ambition in a 

dampness and activity again. Actors Portuguese jail | — why common halla 

play Cksri, Adelffitha, and such other are vocal no more with radical noD« 

symptoms of theatrical exhaustion ; sense and grammarless language ;-— * 

l^^islatorB hurry to the country to can-* why Hunt and Lord EUenborough have 

vaas the wives of the men of corpora- equally disappeared from the streets, 

tions, and shoot partridges ; parlia- and Holland House incubates young 

ment expires in the langiud impeach- reviewers no more ; — why the Duke of 

ment of an Irish judge, snd the bur- Devonshire suddenly saves his lainp« 

loque puxslii^ of an Orange eiuimin- light, and throws Piccadilly into a 

ation ; Canning speaks no more ; the darkness emblematic of his own ora- 

Chancdlor of the Exchequer brings tory;«-^why Ificbael Angelo Taylor 

out his budget ; and Brougham talks vapours no lodger against chanceUom^ 

-^be effect is irresistible; and St chimney-sweepers, and ui^mttfomaej 

Stephens is emptied of all who have ears bag-hearing and black- vestured, &c. 

to hear. Bond-Street has symptoms of Of aU these wonders, the true solu* 

agricnltiural produce aspiring between tion is sudden sunshine. 

its stones; Lord Petersham abjures Jlfon^j^ui^ was in the right, after 

his black tiik shirt, and wears a white all. Xf en are made by the climate. 

nedccloCh — ^slgn that the season is Their minds are, like their bodies, 

over when men of fashion were to be earth and water ; and laws and go- 

msde envious. Barristers quarrel with vernment have no more actual innu- 

each other in empty courts ; and aU ence on them, than on the copiousness 

Cbeapside is transmitting its tepid ele- of cabbage-leaves, or the toughness of 

gsnoe to steam-packets under weigh turnips. 

fir the mouth of the Thames. Way is the German a worshipper 

When a rise of ten degrees in the of eternal dissertations on Hebrew 

thermometer can work such changes, roots^ and a propagator of the muddi- 

who slull wonder that the first topic est philosophy on the dingiest paper ? 

of £ni^ish conversation is the " wta^ Why is he, par excellence, a dreaming 

tkerv^ politician and a mystic theologuer 

If, in some of the future revolu- Simply because he sees nature through 

tions of climate, England should pos- a fog, and deepens that fog with the 

seas a settled sky, and men should be. eternal fume of his own tabaooo. Why 

socnstomcd to expect a summer, pos« is the Spaniard the most consummate 

terity win be at a loss' to conceive the of idlers, the most devoted of lovers. 

Vol. XIV. A 

London Oddities and Outlines. No^ 1. 


and the most extravagant of poets? 
Simply because he is the most sun- 
burnt of men. Why is the Frenchman 
all over caprice^ feeble and violent^ gay 
and gloomy^ — this moiith a worship- 
per of the Bourbon, and flie next, ti 
biix place'at, un brave de la repuhUque ? 
Because he breathes a milder fitfUl sky, 
and is more fircquently washed from 
head to foot by thte free bounty of the 
heavens, and dried by the same cheap 
and summary exsiccation, than any 
man between the Poles. Why do an 
Englishman's doors and windows shut 
dose, while beyond his shores there is 
not a door or window in Europe that 
is not freely entered and battered 
by shower and stonn ? Why is he a 
man of broad-doth and bent brows, a 
lover of firesides and a puddler in des- 
perate finance,-*of sullen aspect and 
ttnrdv (lolitics ? Because it ndi^ every 
month in the vear. His house is a 
dhip, he must tnerefbre spend his life 
in caulidng and nailing. He has an 
instinctive horror of a cmnk ; he navi- 

Stes among the nations ; and he hcs 
us become the most plodding, hu- 
mid, prosperous, and unhappy. Si ani- 
mals. ' 

Half of this year has been rain. We 
are more fortunate in our power of re- 
aistitig submersion than our forefit- 
thers ; in Noah's time^ it rained bat 
Jorty days. S^ch is the benefit of cu»- 
tom. As it is, however> the efi^t of 
tihis determined irrigation was formi- 
dably obvious. I disdain to allude to 
the extinction of fidds and farm-yards, 
and the utter absorption of all that 
once made the physiognomy of spring. 
The nobler operations of the mind, 
ministerial and opposition, were in a 

stateof such utter dilution, that i 
ly a speech has been uttered since the 
beginning of the year, loud or deep 
enough to remind us (Mf the existence 
of the legislature. All public meedngs 
seemed to have been soaked away. A 
few rash attempts made in York, in a 
vain reliance on waterproof doaks> 
umbrellas, and popular ii^ntatfen, ^ere 
visited with knmediate and i/ftidictife 
torrents ; and, from the utter silence 
which has since filled that region of 
wronss and oratory, it is concluded 
^utt thechief speakers* several ofwhom 
had long Ibund it difficult to keep their 
heads above water, had fairly ^one 
down. In Parliament^ Mr Canning's 
expofi of the Bourbons, and Mr Plun- 
kett's expose of himself, were expressly 
put ofi^ till those months when there 
might be a hope of fine weather. On 
the stage nothmg had appeared, but a 
play by Miss Mitfitrd, an extaremdy 
watery production, and an eastern me-* 
lodrame, of which by much the fineft 
scenery represented the bottom of the 
sea. In poetry we had but one puW-* 
eatioB, and t^t one was upon the dSe- 
kijge. Thus we were in a state of uni-' 
versal humecution at home,— abroad, 
war paused on the Pyrenees, and car- 
ried a barometer instead of a sword* 
In Africa, the invasion of the MaU'* 
dingoes was washed bade by an inuiif* 
dation, and Cape Coast Castle 'prea^xved 
for new crimes andcalentures. Alongth^ 
Zaara, supplications for sunshine .wef« 
put up to Mahomet, through ten de-* 
frees of sand and lions ; aSad, for the 
first time in the life of the colony, the 
settlers in Hottentots' Holland were 
wet from Heaven. 

English Songs.* 

The English have been charged by 
foreigners wi^ bavins; no native mu- 
sic. This chai^ partaKes of the spirit 
of all foreign accusations, and is part- 
ly prejudice, and partly ignorance, let 
the impeachment be laid by whom it 
may. With the chief portion it is 
ranlc ignorance ; for unoer the name 
of England they have included the 
empire, and are still, in ninety-nine 
instances out of a hundred, to be told 
that Ireland and Scotland have had a 

music of their own, ii^nitely pursi!, 
more original, and more touching^ 
than all the canzonets and ca^tina^ 
from die Alps to Vesuvius. 

But even among Ourselves there 
have been many shrewd doubts and 
bitter aspersions on the musiaal ferti- 
lity of the centre of the island. Tiiat 
fat and fiourisbing district, whidi has 
supplied the realm with sovereigns and 
merchants, and has home away the 
palm in beeves and battles, firom time 

* The Loyal and Natbnal 8ong» of Eoglaad, for one, tvo, or three Voioes. Selected 
Itom original M88. mad eady printed copies in the library of WilUain Kitdienert M.D. 
ljOiidoii» Utirst and Robinson, 1823. 




English Songu 

immemorial^ has tindoubteitiy had oc- 
copatumsmore stirring and engrossing 
than those of the whole host of min- 
strdsy, n<vthem or western. A great^ 
bnsT-goiretning, opulent, prosperous, 
pabHo-speaking, tnrde-fa^ing^ trade- 
loving country, cropped with parlia- 
ment meUj bishops, and philosophers ; 
a huge mart fbr all the nations of the 
earth, a spot to which the Virginian, 
as besets nis tobaeco, and the Kam- 
sdiatkan, as he skins his ermine, cast 
their eyes with a fellow-fondness for 
the due return ; — ^England has had 
other things to do with its sleek and 
pursy opulence, or with its turbuleUt 
and nervous industry,, or with its 
haughty and supreme ambition, than 
the idlers of Italy. She has paid for 
their music ; ^e has had the whole 
ODUtinent quick'-eared and open-mouth- 
ed for her pay. In the spirit of poli- 
tical economy she has fbtmd it cheap- 
er to import, than to raise the commo- 
dity, and she has imported it accor- 
Angly. If she have not hithei^ ^own 
a Catalan! propagated on the banks of 
the Thames, or a FarinelH of indispu- 
tiMe Torkshire, it is because She nas 
DOC bought it worth her while; or if 
4ie be content to take Rossini's music 
at seocmd-hand, or leave Germany the 
honour of the only Mozart, it is be- 
eiuse die has l>een too busy and too 
much pleaded with settling the afikirs 
of the earth, to think about the manu- 
fiwture of composers. Yet Enghmd has 
had great composers, (for the true esti- 
mate is genius, not volume,) though 
rfie neither forced the soil mr them, 
nor extinguished her other products to 
fin the world witbsonatas— yes,G^E at 
CoMrosBBS. Some of these men are 
known bat by a f^w melodies, but 
melodies of the heart, things />e- 
ttnmg €ni; substantial adcKtions to 
the national treascite of delights ; bdd, 
oatonl, and characteristie appeals to 
the natural impulses of the Ihiglidi 
diaracter, or deep and most toU(&ng 
it^opaes to the pathos of a people, 
that in all their busy VHk have as deep 
a tenderness as ever sang to the moon- 
hght in die most sentimental casino in 
sj^t of St Marks. The majority of 
their songs are, as they should be, in 
^ spirit of a brave, fir^, and conquer- 
ii^i; nation — the first on land and sea, 
with its heart eminently engaged in 
an die adiievements, and chances of 
those whom it sends to struggle round 
the world. Doctor Kitchener deserves 

an apotheosis for having gathered a 
volume of those fine records. His 
work comprehends fifty 'six of the 
most celebrated old land songs. An- 
other volume wiU present a selection 
of the finest in honour of our tea glo-^ 
ries, and both will form a collection 
of singular value and interest, whedier 
at specimens of English music, or me- 
morials of the predominant feeling of 
kfta forefathers in their days of victory 
and patriotism. 

• The volume, a showy foUo, is pre- 
faced by an iiUroduction treadng of 
the general design of the work. The 
doctor hereindu^^ in the triumphant 
tone of succiessful authorship. *' The 
fir$t number of the Loyal and Na- 
TioKAL Songs op £n6I.ani> wiU be 
a sufficient answer to those who have 
heedlessly said, the English have no 
national s6ngs, and prove die proud 
foot in direct contradiction, that no 
iladon in the world has half so many 
l«y al, nOr half so many national songs. 
What country can boast more beand- 
fhl national songs than Qod sat^ the 
King, To arms, Rule Britannia, Hearts 
of Oak, and a hundred others which 
are presented to the public in thia 
work?" Then foUows a list of names 
beloved by glee clubd and die men of 
cathedrals, but eclipsed in our degene- 
rate day bj foreign '' banadmongers.** 
The list IS nearly diirty long, and 
boasts of Locke, Purcell, Bird, Carey, 
Leveridge, Croft, GrAn, coming down 
through the Ames, &o. to Calcott.— 
Even among the modern composers a 
vast number of works, popular in their 
dav, have been fiuiig into tinmerited 
oblivion, as the occasion piassed away. 
This is the natural course of things. 
Victorv supersedes viotorv, and with 
die old success perishes the old song. 
Party is trampled under the heel of 
party; die Tory once shrunk before 
the whig, and the Muses were fhri- 
ously solicited to sing his diseomflture; 
the Whig changed Ms principles, grew 
contemptible, and lost die fstvour tt 
onee of the nadon, and of Parnassus^ 
Honest men eschewed the name, anil 
good poets scorned to give an eleemo- 
synary stanza to its manes. Toryism 
rose for the honour of common sense, 
and the good of the country ; and if it 
has hitherto been tardy in cementing 
its constitutional supremacy bv its 
harmonic capdvations, yet, as all the 
songs in honour of Engli^ honour, 
loydty, and glory, are palpably but 

9 Londtm OddUkumd (haa^ No. J. [[July, 

Tonrkm let to munc, it is atin «t the fbrin aobeMibfe to oar modern parfe- 
heM of wSbm in Hdioon, without mcnyWbowooldhftvebeeofiBmudably 
coftuif^ itielf«n additional itoTe. Dor lepdled by its tix-line ttsvw, and ila 
mosictans have not been idle. The mereileaB Tariety tAdejgk. lids oom- 
CMnplete published works of the Ei^* position is ''meray a ^Tvnai/or wAm- 
liah composen fill/tM> Aitju/netf aiu//i/^ tanf for the organ, of the four notes, 
fiUo volumes ; and we venture to pre- C, G, F, E, with twenty'^nx differemi 
diet, that the doctor's sale, serus m basses r and, as the editor piedgea 
etgUm, win be the dioioest compila- himself, *' is no more like them now 
tion of bladi-lettar melody that haa sung, than a frog is like an ok." The 
been committed to the eloquence and editor's contemptuous conviction is, 
the hammer of a Christie, or an Evana, ''that diere is no other dian mere 
since Queen Elisabeth played upon hearsatf evidence or vague confeehtre, 
the viiginals* aa to the com p oser or the time of this 

This collection is attended with anthem, nor any proof that the worda 
an imsginsble advantages for all kinds or the music of God save the Kmg, aa 
of professors and perrormers. Rcgu- now sung, had been either seen or 
Isr scores for the scientific; simple heard previouslv to October 1745, 
baases for the novice ; in brief, aU when it was published in the Gentle- 
the cunning of counterpoint dis^y- man's Magasine. In the table of con- 
ed in sU its charms. Tlie introduo* tents prefixed to that month's maga- 
tion discusses a question whi<^ had sine, it is styled, ' God save our Lord 
lately excited infinite curiosity among the King, a new song.' " — ^This is pow- 
the cognoscenti, and been the unhappy erful authority, but it has not altoge*. 
parent of a thidc 9uar/o— the true nis- ther cured the world of scepticism ; 
torv of Qod save the King. The quarto and no sut^iect can be worthier of the 
had decided that Doctor Joi^fijBtti/ was summer consideration of my Lord 
^ composer. No man wiU deny that Aberdeen and the Antiquarian Sode- 
the song, if it ever had a composer at ty. In addition to this preface, curious 
^, ought to have had one bearing this httle notices of the principal sooos are 
name. But see " how a plun tale puts given, and the worx, in general, is a 
down" a happy theory. In aU the vo* capitil specimen of muaim publica- 
lumes left by the doctor, and they are tion. 

many and mighty, there is not a bar The names of the songs are m trea- 
of the j;reat symbol of loyalty. sure of loyalty in themselves, the 

" Itisreoorded in page805of Ward's sound of a trumpet to* the ear of aU 
Lives of the Gr^am Professors, that lovers of the Catch<-club and the con- 
one of Doctor John BuU's books con- stitution. The praises, healths, Mid 
tained a composition of his, which be prosperities of monarchy, take, as they 
entitled ' Ood save the KinfcJ The ought, the first place; and we have, 
editor has the volume in hip posses- induding " God save the King^ twice 
sion, and in it there is indubitably a over^ whole succession of Id^y me- 
Ood save the King, pressed into juxta- lodies, in aU the forms of song, ^ee, 
position with a Faniarin, Felix qf- catch, and chorus. We h^ye uius, 
fertorium, a Z^evez vovs Coeur, and a '' Lonff live the King, composed by 
Fhilis hefi myn hert Gestoolen; but Hand^, in 1745," fhr the Gentlemen, 
thisassodateof love and pietyy Latin, Volunte^s of the City of London* 
French, snd Dutch, is no more like The words are true, honest, strai^t- 
the true, than the Doctor to Hercules, fiirward allegiance, and such as might 
In the present publication, the work bring discomfiture to the heart of any 
of BuU is not only made visible, but Whig, even in our day of rebellioua 
brought, by the industry of Mr Ed- politics and romantic poetry. Ex. Grt 
ward Jones, the King's bard, into a 

*' Stand round, my brave boys. 
With heart and with voice. 

And all in fuU chorus sgree ; * 

We'll fiffht for our King, 
And as k>yaUy sing. 

And let iul the worid know we'U be free. 

1883.3 EngMsh ShmgM. 

'' The reb^ ihall fly> 

Ab with ghouts we draw nigh^ 

And £cbo shall Victory ring ; 
Then safe from alarms^ 
We'll rest on our arms^ 

And chorus it, ' Long live the King V 


This is poetry to the purpose,— no '* Long live Great Greorge," (Dr 

nmbling aoout groves an4 doves, lips Boyce, 1730.^ 

and sips; no raving about sobs and sun« '' God preserve his Migesty," (Dr 

flowers, and '^ victory's moon ;" but Blow, 1699^ 

pn^ier words in proper places, and It is painful to pass over the poetry 

adi^Ced to the capacity of volunteers, which gave force to those fine raelo- 

The whole corporation of the Pieride$ dies. But Here*t a health to our King 

could not have done it better. . has an irresistible claim on our com- 

This 18 fdlowed by a long and wor- merooration, from its having been a 

thy list of favourite of Swift, a name '^ unmusi- 

*' Great George is King," (1745.) cal to Volsdan ears." The poetry is 

'^Here's a health to our King," first-rate in its stylo. 

" Here's a health to the King, 

And a lasting peace ; 

May the factious (the Whigs) be hanged. 

And Discord cease I 

*' Come, let us drink it while we've breath. 
For there's no drinking Ada death ; 
And he that will this health deny, 
Down among the dead men let him lie. 
Down, down, down, down ! (ad Khitunu) 

Yet it has competitors, and Dr Blow's renowned catch may rely on immor- 
tality, if such can be gained by pithiness of conclusion. 

" God preserve his Migesty, 
And for ever send him victory. 
And confound all his enemies ! 
— Take off your hock, sir !— 
—Amen !"— 

Now 11., written in 1700, has all the merits of the Augustan era. It is true, 
terse, triumphant,.and Toryish. 

** Here's a health to the King, who has said from his throne. 
That his heart is true English, as well as our own. 

*' And the Church, fixed by law, is resolved to maintain 
Through the course of his Ufe, and the course of his rdgn. 

'* Thus we need not to fear any danger to come. 

While our arms rule abroad, and our King reigns at home." 

But Harrington's Hound distances all the rest. The sentiment Is as old as 
the days of Alfred, and the phraseology was probably copied from the Runic. 
It is the true sublime. 

A Toast for the Enemies of Old England, 

Cobweb breeches, hedgehog saddles, 
Jbldng horses, stony roads. 
And tedious marches, (in iBternum") 

8 London OddHies and (hdUnet. No. /. QJolf^ 

The volume must now be left to its triumph^ but a paitiiig g^boioe will fall 
from time to time on some fragment of toachitig and resisSess ctptiTatioii. 
What can be more native than the fine naval contempt of the btt^ning of 
** Figki on, my boys' ? 

*' Ye raket and jebecuts, that wear the red dothea, 
Come fight for your country^ and conquer your foes ; 
For the old British tars, they never fear'd wars ; 
So fight on, my boys^ we shall beat ihem,*' &c. 

The close of Jeremy Clarke's (1700) Song on " St Geoige/' is worthy of a 
Greek epigram. 

" AU the world can't shew the like Saint. 
All the sacrifice that we expend. 
Is to drink fair, and to deal square, 
And to love our friend." 

No. 43.— -'' Come, my lads/* should stand be&ide it in the Anthologia. It 
was written on a Spanish war. 

" Who cares a pofi^ for France and Spain, 

Soup maigre m alliance ! 
Th^'U soon be hang'd, as cross the main ; 

We give them bold defiance. 

" The Monsieurs want some English beef; 

Some pudding would delight them ; 
Well fill their bellies, ease their grief; 

And afterwards we'll fight them." 

This is incomparably British ; at once brave and benevolent, conteqiptaotia 
and charitable. The mea of first feeding and then killing, could not have oc- 
curred to any other than a great nation, equally beef-eating and belligerent ; 
the spirit of agriculture and ambition could go no farther. 

The praise of beef is, however, a subject at once so national and individual, 
that we are surprised at the editor's moderation, (to give it no more invidioos 
name,) in limitmgthe glories of the matchless nutriment of British heroism 
to a ringle song. That one is, however, an apotheosis — The renowned ** Roast 
Beef of Old England," (Leveridge, 1730.) The words have idl die grace of 
fiction, and all the accuracy of history. 

** King Edward the Third, for his courage renown'd. 
His son, at sixteen, who with kurelB was crown'd. 
Ate beef with their armies, so never gave ground f-^ 
Oh the roast beef of Old Enghmd, &c. 

** The Henrys, so famous in story of old. 
The Ftfth conqnei^d France, and the Seventh, we're told^ 
Establish'd a band, to eat beef and /ooA; bold. 
Oh the roast beef, &c 

** When good Queen Elizabeth sat on the throne, 
Ere cofi^ and tea, and such slip slop, were known. 
The world was in terror, if e'er she old fW>wn. 
Oh the roast beef," &c. 

The fortunate celebrity of &e song almost prohibits ouotation ; and the 
Laus Kitcheneri must dose ; yet the " British Gr^iadiers ** detains the ie^* 
rit still," and the reader shdl have the parting delight of a few couj^ts from 
a composition whose mythology and music mu^t nave given new ardour to 
the troops of Leonidas, or reversed the fates of Chcronea. It is Greek in the 

1883.]} EwgUsk Songs, 9 

higheit degree, and breathes of a achdanhip that most have made the author 
a pheBomepop in the Guards. 

The Briiith Orenadiers. 

" Some ta]k of Alexander, and some of Hercules, 
Of Conon and Lysander, and some Miltiades, 
But of all the world's brave heroes^ here's none that can compare. 
With a tow row, row, row, row, row, to the British Grenadiers. 

Chorus — But of all, &c 

None of your ancient heroes e'er saw a cannon-ball. 
Or knew the force of powder, to slay their foes withall ; 
But our brave boys do know it, and banish all their fears. 
With a tow row, row, row, row, the British Grenadiers. 

But our brave, &c 

Whene'er we are commanded to storm the palisades. 
Oar leaden march with fusees, and we with hand-grenades, 
We throw them from the glacis about our enemies' ears. 
With a tow row, row, row, row, the British Grenadiers. 

We throw them, &o. 

The Ood of War was pleased, and great Belhna smiles. 
To tee these noble heroes of our British isles ; 
And aJl the Gods celestial, descending, from their spheres, 
Bdiold with admiration the Briti^ grenadiers. 

And all the Gods celestial, &c. 

Then let us crown a bumper, and drink success to those 
Who carry caps and pouches, and wear the loujped clothes ; 
May they and their commanders live happy all their years, 
Widi a tow row, row, row, row, to the British Grenadiers ! 

MiQT they and their commanders,'^ &c 

It iadmoot superfluous to say, that Nassau, or the innumerable '' God 

Aw g wordaareaettothemost animated Save the Kings," '* Electors," Empe- 

adaaidymdodiea. The vigour of the rors," &c." flooding out yearlv firom 

fmeimplim it. Though exoell^ce of the German school, to our noble me- 

a&mniieia its appropriateness, no map lodr? The old English composers have 

win snppoae that wordb like these are fully established their claim to distinc- 

CD pfeyed to the earsof the earth in Sic^-- tion ; and when Doctor Kitchener, in 

Umaswa^affetuosos, 13ut for boldness,^ the fulness of years and publicstion, 

Iflfthieia, aikd a direct connexion of shall descend to the elysium of paint* 

enogy of aound, wi^ enexg^ of sense, ersy poets, and musicians, we predict 

diey certainly bAve no superiors in the that the shades of Blow and Green, 

whole chrondogy of music. All the Purcell and I^everidge, will be waiting 

contineDt b«a heaa labouring to pro- at the entrance, deput^ to lead him to 

iooe a Ood save the ^iig* ftnd all its the softest seat, and overwhelm his 

cArts have failed. Wnat are the brows with the greenest laurel. 
Vhe Hemri Quaire, the Wilhelmusvon 

** At dubium est, habitare Deum sub peetore nostio ? 
In eoelamque redire animas, ooeloque venire ? 
Utque sit ex omni oonstructus corpore mundus, 
JEtoaii stque igais snimci, terroque, mariique, 
Bpiiitiim et in toto nqpidum qui jossa,** Ae» 

lO London Oddities and (MUnes. iVb. /. QMy^ 

2%e EMbiUon at Somenet^ffouse. 

In this age of abfuid soepdciBm^ it But the execution^ paHially beaatifbl^ 

has heoome the foshion to doubt the is partially embarrassed and unnatu^ 

ralue of Exhibitions, as auxiliaries to raL Phoebus sits in the centre, touch- 

the progress of the Arts. But we ing his Ivre, but with the face of a fiit 

should first doubt the value of com* mSkmaid. The Sun is by his side, a 

petition, of publicity, of purchase, of clumsy reservoir of light; and the 

the comparison of styles, of public floating gatherers of the radiance seem 

critidsra, and of the assurance of a perplexed between the double service 

fidr trial of merits. An exhibition on of filling their urns, and sailing round 

the scale of that at Somerset-Hoose their ring. The Sun lies beside Phoe- 

comprehends all those advantages; bus, like a beer-barreL Light and 

and to its annual display may be at« the God of Light should not have 

tributed at once the increased popular been disjoined, 

feeling for the Fine Arts^ and the in- No. 2i, — The Dawn, by Fuieli. 

creased general excellence of the Bri* The subject is suggested by the lines 

tish School. Exhibidons do not cro- in Lycidas, 

ate genius ; but they cheridi it ; they <^ Under the opening eye-lids of the morn, 

S've it the immediate power of attract- What time the gray Hy whids her sultry 
g the public eye ; they render it su- horn." 
perior to cabal, and place in the first A youth is asleep on the ibreground. 
rank the man who deserves to stand The air is filled with rolling mists ; 
in the first rank, without delay, and the gross is deep and dewy ; a long 
without difficulty. The English School pyramidal fli^ of pale purple shoots 
has now thrown all those of the con- un flrom the voige of the horizon, 
tinent altcM^ether out of competition. Toe youth is profoundly asleep, and 
The Fren^ is learned, accurate, la- the general expression of die picture 
tx>rious, and meagre ; the Italian, dry, is touching and true, 
loose, and feeble ; the German, a No. 34.— Jo^ JTmxr remonstratinff 
compound of the French and Italian ; wiih Queen Mary on her intended mar" 
the English, in its vigour and simf^- rioge with Darnley. 
city of conoepdon, its adherence to This is one of tne most spirited pic- 
nature, and its command of colouring, tures in the room. Knox, with the 
has had no superior since the days of Bible in his hand, and in an acdon of 
Titian. great force, bends towards the Queen. 

In the present Exhibidon, there Ais countenance is remonstradve and 
are about a thousand pictures. The imperious. At the opposite side af 
great minority are portraits. These the picture stands Erskine, leaning 
are, of course, almost beyond observa- over Mary in an attitude of concilia- 
tion. Of the others, I mention only don. Mary sits at a table, with her. 
those which catch the general eye. head supported by her hand. She is 

No* 21. — The Solar Syttem, by in tears, and the youthful f^reshness of 
Howard* This artist has distinguish- her countenance forms a striking con- 
ed himself by the study of the more trast to the withered and acrid phy- 
Atndfiil parts of faUe, ancient and siognomv of her persecutor* But 
modem. His Pleiades, a delicious Mary's face is the diief failure (^ the 
oomposition, first brought him into picture. It altogether wanu the ro- 
nodce ; and he seems never to have mandc and lofty oeauty that tradition 
exceeded that early efibrt. Wa Solar has given to the Queen. The breadth 
System- repiesents the planets by male of the dieek is rustic and heavy, and 
and female figures, fioating in a circle the cokrar is neither the flush of in« 
round Phoebus, and drawing light in dignation, nor the fioridness of early 
urns firom the Sun. The conception beauty.* The details of the fVimiture 
is from MiUon, and architecture are minute and ac- 
<' Hidier, ai to dieir fountain, other stars curate ; but the subject is, on the 
Repairiog, in their golden urns draw light.** whole, repulsive. Mary's sufibrings 

* Such is our oorrespondent*! opinion, and much may be said on both sides. Oar 
own opinion is, that Allan is right throughout — that he has made her dseek-bones broad, 
because she was a Scottish Beauty^ and because coins (better authority than vague tra- 
dition) give Mary the diaracteristic outlines of her country's physiognomy— and that 
AlUn has not painted the Queen as in the fldl glow oi natural pasaion, simply bscanse 
he had adoptea Dr M<)rie*s belief, that, throu^nt the whcde of this scene with Knox, 
^e was acting a part. The picture of Ardibishop Sharpens death, however, is still the 

It that has been painted from the History of Scotland. C. N. 


T^ ExkUnHon ai SomerseUHmtH. 


are less IbtgoUen thtn her errors, if 
the had any enrars heyond those of 
inexperienoe, and the natural im- 
polsei of a confiding and loving heart. 

The Scotch Novda have mMe the 
CoYenantora distasteiril to the multi* 
fade, and, sincere sa they might have 
been in their conventicles, the art- 
ist should look to other times and 
men for the most popular exercise of 
his genius. The days of Scottish mag- 
nificence and diivalry, her court ce- 
lebrations, her huntings through her 
ptetoresque and mountainous districts, 
the adventures of the Bruce, the Wal- 
laee, and the Montrose, offer a suo- 
cession of sul^ecU of the richest cha- 
racter to an aspiring national artist. 
The world are weary (^ die hitter mix- 
ture oi pc^cs and r^l^oo. 

No. 78.— PorfTYitY ^ the Duke o/* 
Fork, hj PhilUp8.^The Duke is 
painted m the full rohes ot kni^t- 
nood, the likeness is striking, and the 
arraiwement of the robes at once state- 
H and graceftd. PkiOips is one of our 
first colourists, and he has exhibited 
all his powers on this picture. 

No. ISi.'-P&rirait of ike Duke of 
York, by ITOti^.— This picture is of 
the Cabinet siae. The Duke is look- 
ing over some ^pers. TIm light is 
tii]it>wn fitnn a window behind Uie fi- 
gure, and tile Duke's costume, and the 
Aimiture of ^ apartment, are admi- 
ralty treated. . But the face has es- 
caped Wilkfe, and the resemblance is 
lost in a mass of a hesvy and feature* 

No. lSl.r^Arthur Lord Capel de» 
ftndingColcheiter. in 1648, by Coo^ 
per. — Oliis artist has obtained repu- 
tation by painting battle-pieces of ca- 
tahry. He has spirit and general f- 
deHty to nsftdre and costume. But if 
he be emulous of the fame of Wou- 
vermans, he roust follow him. In the 
adeetion of a noble and generous class 
of the horse. Cooper's horses are, al-* 
most without exception, the rudest 
ttiodels of their kind ; the short hack- 
ney, or the rough and crabbed moun- 
tain horse, with more vice than blood, 
and more hair than sinew. His hea- 
vier diargers are mere dray-horses. In 
Ais picture his knights are stately, 
tiiongh durasily mounted, and the at- 
tempt to ei^regs the stirring business 
of the time is neariy a fidlure. His 
battle has the composure and gravity 
of a pageant 

Na IM. — Comus, wUh the Ladjfjn 
the enehktUed chair, by ifO^oit.— 'The 

Vol, XIV. 

Enchanter is offhing the cup, tiie la- 
dy shrinks from him, and a whole 
host of fauns and satyrs are gambd- 
Ung round them both. This picture is 
inferior to the Una of die same artist, 
thouch the manner is remarkably and 
injudiciously similar. The lady is a 
feeble and heavv figure, with a counte- 
nance totally the reverse of captiva- 
ting. Camus is colossal, and thrown 
into an attitudeof awkwardness and dis- ' 
tortion. But the surrounding groups 
are highly animated, their gene^l co- 
louring luxuriant, and the depths and 
green allevs of the forest painted with 
a rich ana verdurous beauty. 

No. «61. — L'Improvisatrtce, by JPwv 
kersgiU; — A rising artist who seems to' 
possess a peculiarly fine conception of 
female loveliness, one of the rarest fk- 
cultics of painting. The poetess is 
youne and nandsome, her dress is Ita- 
lian, her hand is resting on a guitar, 
and her large eye and glowing counte- 
nance, fixed upon a brilliant southern 
dcy, are full of inspiration. 

No. S72. — Shakespeare's Jubilee; 
with portraits of the performers of Co^ 
vent'Garden, by Sharp. — This pic- 
ture represents its groups forming a 
|»t>oes6ion to the temple of Shake- 
speare. The arrangement is tasteful. 
But the merit of a work of this kind 
is to be looked for in die fidelity of the 
likenesses ; and here lies the weakness 
of the picture. The portraits are trace- 
able in general with diflSculty, and in 
some instances they oompletay evade 
the eye. 

No. lS5w— 7%tf Parish Beadle, by 
Wilkie, — ^The Beadle is arresting an 
Italian boy with a monkey ; the whole 
family of"^ adventurers are following 
him m great indignadon ; the father, 
a pale, nervous, strong-featured gipsy, 
is on the point of attaddng the Beadle ; 
the mother is in the fhll tide of scold- 
ing. A youth behind leads their bear ; 
two boys of the rabble hoodng at the 
Italians, complete the group. Wilkie 
has 'done notning since bis Jtent^datf, 
superior to diis picture. The stOry is 
told with perfect deamess, the charac- 
ters are lully sustained, and the co- 
louring is probably the happiest efibrt 
of his pencil. 

Canova's Danzatrice is the princi- 
pal sculpture, and is unworthy of his 
name ; it curiously combines die vul- 
garity of a nistic, and the afiectadon 
^an opera girl. 

Haydon's misfortunes have been 



Landom OddiHes and (hUUner. JVb. /. 


made to pablic, that there it no inde* 
licacy in the topic It directly arose 
from two things : hit idle scorn of fol- 
lowing the common courses of his pro- 
fession^ and his determination to paint 
only Scripture-pieces, and those on the 
most colossal and hazardous scak. 
Much may be forgiven to the errors of 
an ambitious spirit, resolved on free- 
ing itself from what had been, however 
dbildishly, called the degradation of its 
art. But cooler sense would have 
taught him, that exclusively to paint 
iubiects, for which none but cathe- 
drals and churches could be purcha- 
sers, and which, from the custom of the 
country, neither would purchase, was 
a hazaidous speculation. The mere 
size of his pictures puts them beyond 
all hope of admission into private col- 
lections ; for what could be done with 
three or four hundred square feet of 
canvas, covered with whatever majes- 
ty of prophet or apostle ? Even if he 
must ^nt Scripture-pieces, his choice 
of sut^ects was iigudidous. The New 
Testament was his selected field. But 
the character of the New Testament is 
beyond the power of painting. The 
highest grandeur dothed in tne most 
extreme simplicity ; prophets and apos- 
tles wearing the aspect of fishermen 
and peasants. All mafi;nificenoe of miud 
under all humility ofbody, even a Dei- 
ty veiling himself under me semblance 
of a harassed and outcast man, are all 
beyond the reach of an art which speaks 
only to the eye. No force of the pen- 
cil can make, or ought to make, those 
beings look otherwise than men, whom 
we yet know to be more. The nearer 
the pointing is to probability, the far- 
ther it is from reality. The little ar- 
tifices of hahen and glories round saint- 
ly and divine heads, are at once repul- 
sive to truth, and evidences of the con- 
scious inability of painting. Yet these 
unconquerable disadvantages Haydon 
undertook to combat, and to combat 
with the addition of a difficulty en- 
tirely his own. He conceived for blm- 
lelf a head of the Saviour, repugnant 
to all those fine imaginations of the 
Italian school which had already esta- 
blished the countenance. The result 
was total, undeniable failure. For the 
combined lofUness and suavity, the 
mild superiority, and the dignified 
sorrow, that alternately predominated 
in the pictures of Raphael, Corregio, 
and Guido* he save us a head model- 
led on some tantastic conception of 
craniology^ and a visage as dull as a 

mathematiGian's. The coantenanoe in 
which the first painters in the world 
had given their finest impression of 
the united nature of Godandman> 
and which had become by habit iden- 
^fied with the^ name, was profaned ; 
and a lieayy and repulsive physiogno- 
my substituted for the reatures of 
manly beauty and celestial virtue. 
This palpable fault degraded his pic- 
ture of the Entry into JerusaUm, a 
work of great design, and vigorous 
execution. The physiosnomy of the 
principal figure was fiUaf to the popu- 
larity of uie powerful groups toat 
filled the canvas ; and piety and taste 
alike turned away. 

UHavdon had selected the Old Tes- 
tament, lie might have found the con- 
genial field for his boldness, originali- 
ty, and breadth of design. The He- 
brew kings and warriors, the gc^e- 
ous ceremonials of the Hebrew rituius, 
the mighty events of a history illus- 
trated Dv human pompa and divine 
glories, toe united crownings and con- 
secrations, the maniificence of Per- 
sia, Egypt, and India, in the midst of 
the scenery of Palestine, the perpetual 
miracles, the intercourse of men and 
angels, Uie ascent to heaven, have all 
formed the most sublime efforts of 
the peucU. They all address the eye< 
Where there is grandeur of purpose, 
there is grandeur of person. Acts wor- 
thy of kings and prophets are done in 
palaces, or in the presence of classes 
and companies of magnificent shapes, 
mortal or immortal, that relieve the 
^ind from all doubt of the nobleness 
of the agent, and invest him with a 
magnificence suitable to the minister 
of God, or Uie ruler of nations. 

Haydon has petitioned the House 
of Commons to extend its patronage 
to History-painting. One of the ob- 
jects of this petition may have been 
to bring his case before tne country. 
It is to be hoped that this object wul 
not be disappointed, and thataonaa 
of his ability will not be suffered to 
linger under the depression of hope- 
ia» ill fortune. But when Haydon 
^haU re-appear, he must altogether 
change his conception of the way to 
tame. He must be undone, or listen 
to the advice which tells him, that no 
individual can triumph by resisting 
the taste of a civilized age ; that if he 
expect to sell his pictures, he must re- 
strict them to the size of sale ; that if 
he will live by the public favour, he 
must consult the public taste in the 

1813.3 Haydon. IS 

choice of hit gahjects ; and that if his the salutary condosion^ ^at his past 

patrons are ^eary of historical pic« progress has heen constructed upon 

tores, he must, uke Lawrence, and erroneous principles ; and if the hour 

PfailHp^ and Shee, or like Rubens that sends Mm among the world again 

and Rembrandt, occasionally stoop to shall send him out as a new man, to 

paint portraits. He is a man of ta- commence a new career, youn^ with 

knts, ntmi which much may be hoped the experience of years, and vigorous 

lor stOl. The leyerity of his nresent from tne excitement of new hope, he 

ksGon, however to bq regretted, may may yet rgoice in his temporary ca« 

have the advantage of forcing on him lamity, and do honour to his age. 

TH£ FTa£N££6.* 

Thebx is some old and absurd at- the rights of independent nations, and 
traction in all that relates to Spain, swears by Monarchy and la Charte. 
Nous Angiois talk of it in a universal fiis work is written with some inge- 
spirit of romance; and it is the only nuity, with the eye of an artist, and 
topic on which we do not ridicule and with a profound admiration for Fi^race, 
soom romance in word and deed. But, the great man now no more, and him- 
something mingled ofMoor and Chris- self. But his descriptions are better 
tian chivalry, as theorbos touched to than his politics. HiBcovp'tf ceil o£ the 
Sultanas, and bowers and alcoves fVet- south is grcmhic* 
ted over with Arabesques and Saracen ** Hie sou of Provence, though co- 
poetry, the remnants of the manners vered with mountains, is essentially 
of a brilfiant, fierce, jewelled, and different in character horn that of the 
mailed people haunt our imaginations; Alps and Pyrenees. It does not present 
vA it is tteocefbrth allowed and al- continual heights and defiles, like the 
lowable for every man to be an enthu- great mountainous countries, nor mo- 
aast for Spain, for its beauty and va- derate eminences, gradually declining 
lour, ^Uantry and guitars, the lax- to the plain, as we see on the north 
uriance of its valleys, and the proud side of the Pyrenees. There are plains, 
brows of its sierras, provided he has hills, and, above all, some stray rid^ 
never been within the borders of the of the Alps, which terminate in tne 
land. Romance in an actual traveller is Mediterranean. Hence the prospect 
beyond all mercy. In our closets, and over this diversified soil, is not alwaya 
Mrith a volume of Qongora or Calderoh bounded by masses of rocks, confined 
on the table, we may be forgiven for within valleys, or lost in immense 
ihe folly of dreaming the Spaniard of plains. It alternately contracts and 
the 19tii century into the bard, the extends over a soil which is sometimes 
hero, and the enthusiast of the 15tfa. level, sometimes covered with perpen- 
But the testimony of the eye should dicukrmountains, and sometimes loses 
lie fatal ; and he who resists it is itself over the expanse of a sea, when 
equally deroerate of cure and pardon, the darkest aasure is contrasted with 
liieSpanisn war is already extinguish- sparkling light, 
ed, cast away, gone down with its •••••• 

whole revolutionary cargo. But some " In the midst of an immense open- 
pamphlets have been brought out by ing between two great chains of rocks. 
It, descriptive of features and adven- wmch stretch into the sea, lies Mar^ 
tores that deserve to survive the Cortes, seilles. When a traveller arriving from 
-their Constitution, and their burlesque the north reaches the first chdn, he 
"War. One of these gives a few cu- suddenly perceives this immense ba- 
rioos details of the frontier, when sin, and is astonished at its extent and 
the Frendi kept watch, during the dazzling brilliancy. Soon after, he is 
past year, over the plague and the re^ struck with the structure of the soil, 
volution together. The writer, Thiers, and its singular vegetation. An im- 
is a Fren(£man, and is what would mense mass of grey and bluish lime- 
once have been a phUosoj^^er, and stone forms the first enclosure ; lower 
would have been worshipped in the branches diverge firom it, and extend 
Pantheon, but that flsshion has passed into the plain, composing an unequal 
away, ** nous avons chang^ tout cela f and very varied sou. On every emi- 
and Jf. Thiers is now a respecter of nence there are tufts of Italian pines, 

* The Pyrtnees, and the South of Fiance, during the months of September and De- 
cember 1882. By A. Thiers. 8vo. Tieuttel snd Wurtz, London, 18S3. 

14 2%t JPi/rmees. E^«Mfi 

whii^limii etennt iMffasob of dnrl^ zqiaind ««aisidfiiMeMrt«f them; 

and almost hlackigh greeo. Pale green He bat replaced most oftlie towert by 
oliye trees, of a moderate height^ de» bastions : protected the ramparts by 
soend along the hills; and, by thar means of t^races or excavations; has 
paleness and little round masses^ oon- made covered ways and outworks, 
trast singularly with the alender sta<r Hie citadel is now yerj strong ; a tri- 
ture, ana ms^pificence, and dome of pie enclosure renders it able to resbt 
the pines. At their feet is a low^ three attacks; and> byits position, it. 
Uiick^ and mr^ish v^tatiou ; it 1$ commands the tpwn. The works were 
the Mage, and the odorileious ihgfmep carried on with extreme activity du^- 
which^ when trodden on, emits a power- ring the latter end of the autumn ; al- 
iul and agreeable peiiume. In the most all the batteries were armed ; the 
centre of the basin, Marseilles, almost supplies of powder, cartridges, and 
concealed by a long and straggling hiH, provisions, were completing; wood 
appears in jprofile ; and its outline, was euttii^ In the countrvw making 
sometimes hidden^ the vaDour,some^ gabions, and a park of ^d-artillery 
times ap]^aring between me undula« was forming in a plain to the east oi 
tions of the ground, terminates in the the town. A considerable number of 
blue of the sea, with the handscnne waggons was already collected, and 
town of St John. Indentations of the twenty, or twentv-five, pieces of can- 
coast are washed b^ the waves of the non, were placed on their carriayw 
Mediterranean, wmch extends te the Though theM prepsratioDs are not ae 
westp with the Isles of Pomegue, Ra- consicuarable as had been reported, it 
tonneau, and the fort of If. It is uur is nevertheless equally desirable that 
der those beautiful pines, and in these the same were done m the fortresses 
innumerable country houses, that the on the Rhine ; for it is probable that 
Marseillese come every Sunder to £arr oar real enemies are rather in the 
get the bustle of the quays, toeir dis* north than on the south. Howeveiv 
putes with the officers of the customs, the worksof Perpignanare ssid to be 
tad the business of the counting- nothing mote than the comoletion of 
house. plans long since made, for tne rqiaira 

'^ As the tourist approadlies the Spa- of our fortresses ; and the expense doee 

nish frontier, he is reminded of the not perhaps amount to above 150,000 

state of things by groups of Spanish francs. 

Monks flving into Franoe, by aides- " Perpi^^nan is certsinly not of so 

de«esmp nUing the inns, by waggona much puitical im|portanoe as Tot^ 

and droves or mules choking up the louse. The latter atv, with its TVqp- 

roads, and sU the bustle of nigitation pist, its two jounuus, snd its pious 

^nd war. He reaches Perpignan. souls, is the centre of vast wqjecta. 

'< I immediately walked throu^ However, Per^;na& is, for the mo- 

the town. It is an ancient placet ment, a place of great interest, if not 

which was always fbrtified, because it political, vet picturesque; and I of* 

is the passsge between Roussillon and ten wishea fiur the pencil of M. Charw 

Catabnia. It is situated in a beauti- .let» to paint the numerous frlgitiveB 

All plain, bounded so the west .by with which it is filled. ' 

Mount Canigou, one of the highest " The monks, who are die forcnin»» 

of the Pyrenees ; to the north, by the ners of every emigration, swarmed at 

mountains of Corbieres ; ^to the east, Perpignan, and preceded the ttog^cy. 

by the sesyiudden behind fertile hills; At Narbonne, I had already met the 

to t^ south, by ihe road to Catalonia. Capuchins, with their ample brown 

The temperature of the dimate is en- flowing robes, their large hoods hang* 

tirelv southern. Some lesgues from ing down to tae middle of their bacfca, 

U» toe orange grows in the <^n air, their rossry, and their bare head and 

and in the very basin in which it feet. At Perpignan, I saw monks of 

stands, there are immense plantations sU colours; blade, blue, white, ffrey, 

of dive% whicb extend to the foot of and reddish brown; the CuHs, in large 

Canigoi^ Thus, while the summit of snrtouts and immense French hata. 

this mountain is buried under the I remarked a singular halnt in them 

snow, its base is covered with the finei|t when I met them; ^ey followed me 

productions of the south. with their eyes, as if r^y to answer 

'' The fordfications of Perpignan are a (question, and their extended handsi, 

of brick, and Aeir form and svstem are as if ready to give the benediction. In 

andent. A skilftd engineer nas latdy Spainj they bless all the peasants; and 



I undoBtood Ihey were iadinei to be 
tqmDf fBBtnms io Fvpnee* Two of 
tMn, vmb whom I convened^ laid 
ovdailyy * The Spaniards like it« 
aad we give il to them. In FraDoe, 
they do doI eare for it, and we keep it 
to oonelTeB.' In general, I did not. 
fisd ^Moi ¥CTy ianatieaL Tbeyhavea 
kindof iudoftence, whidi excludes vio- 
lent sentimeDts. The^ axe very little 
aficted 1^ the dimmation i£ the 
Kog's power ; but the happy Meo- 
cfatac influence which they enloyedj 
has been disturbed. Sereral of their 
coinreniB haf^ been Tinted ; the ma- 
jsritf have sni^red for ^ orimes of 
a few, and diey have fled ; in no great 
harry, however,' and contented with 
^qoiet and easy paee of their mules. 
Tht profession of a monk is very ge- 
noal in Spain, because it is easy, plea« 
nnty and ikvoors all kind of idleness. 
If a man has committed any irregula- 
rities, or if he be stiU more lazy than 
km lasy eountrymeUi he is reeeived 
into a monastery, and displays his 
tmnouil sanctity in the eyes of the 
people. A portion of the land is allot- 
ted firr dieir sapp^t ; and voluntary 
dsBariops add considerably to their 
estsblished income. This hay mode of 
hfe gives most ^ them a happy «i»/6of» 
ptmi ; a livdy red to their cheeks, 
eAees the &ie lines of the Moorish 
csumenanee ; renders those happy bo- 
dies difficult to be moved; and in 
their uatrouUed rdon, takes from 
them even the hatred of heresy, the 
very name of whicA is unknown to 

tgwatcr part of them. In others, 
dourter apoears to have made the 
coo^leskm sauow, hoUowed and in- 
flaiBed the ^es, depressed the cheeks, 
aad thus produoed Jthe ideal of fana* 
tkism. I have never seen anything 
iiMr than some of these heads prcjecu 
tag flrom the large robes of the capu- 
dmM, with tti anqple forehead, a long 
straight nose, larae black fixed eyes, a 
lluie, Bliooff, and thick beard. AsMng 
them are those men, who> by tume> 
moiytt and guerillas^ have quitted the 
monntaiDa stnee the retam of Ferdi- 
MDd, and new go back to them, to 
9n ardent temperamenVwldcl^ 
odier institutions^ would have 
itseif in great aeticms aad noble 

Thia Frenchman describeawith some 
fcehag of picturesque beauty, and his 
dceldies of scenery have a deameas 
among hb countrymen. The 
of the Fyzenees is f uU of those 

finer iBatmres of kodseapeiwhiflh 9i|to 
Uie' true province of painting ; withr 
BOBie pmnts of g^ntic hei^ aad 
savage solitude, wim ^acier$ and omi* 
lanekes, its seneral height is that whiob 
allows the harmonies of forest colour-i 
ing, of luxuriant valleys, and of sparky, 
ling and gentle streame. Tl^e Alps are 
too wild and lofty for this; the Apen«« 
nhies are perhaps too low, too naked 
of forest, and too st^il. Our artistn 
have now exhausted the prominent 
Bubjeets of the pencil at home ; a dl« 
lig^ice and a week will place then 
in the midst of a new world of charao* 
teristica nd glorious scenery; and I 
should not be sorprised to see Mount 
Canigou, and the Cerdagne, monks, 
mules, fortresses and all, truisformed 
to Engli^ walls. 

'< One of the finest s^hts that I 
met with in the Pyrenees, was that 
which struck roe when I first left Per« 
pignan to penetrate into the moun* 
tains. It was about six in the morn- 
ing. The cold was severe ; a violent 
and icy wind blew from the mountains 
of Capsir, which were covered^ with 
snow ; and a young man of Rousillonj 
with a short jadcet, a hanging cap, 
and a short and lively face, drove at m 
gsllop four h<n«es, which carried ua 
round Mount Canigou. The jdain had 
not yet recdved a ray of the buUj 
when suddenly the top of Canigou-was 
lit with a roee-coloiued tint, which, 
blending with the white of the snow, 
modacdl a shade inexpressiUy soft. 
The luminous band increasing as the 
sun rose higher, the upp^ peidc seem- 
ed to ^Uttge in proportion as it was 
Ruminated. The whole mountain was 
sneedilv covered with light and pur- 
ple. Tnen all its f(Mrms, hitherto con- 
cealed by the darkness, became mark- 
ed at once ; all its projections rose, all 
its hollows seemed to be deeper. The 
cold, the vdnd, and our rapid motion, 
added to the effect of this fine scene. 

" After haling proceeded a longtime 
round the foot S£ Canigou, the moun- 
tidns 9i Caspir, which are aft first in 
front, appear at the side. We then en- 
ter the oenles, and the plain disap^ear^^ 
not to Appear again till a hundred 
leagues en, that is to say, at Bayonne. 
Advancing to the defiles whid) lead to 
Cerdagne, we find a people who are 
entirely Spanish. The women, whose 
faces are round and animated, wear a 
handkarchief, whlchj sm-eading like a 
volat the back of the bead, isftsten- 
ed, by two comers, under the chin/ 


Tkt PjfTtmeef. 


and hangs in a point oter the thool- 
tes. A bow of black ribbon, ttute- 
ftillj fkstened at the root of tbe hair, 
omaroento tbe forehead ; the waitt is 
strongly comprened by a corset, laced 
in trout ; and they shew peculiar grace 
in their Sunday dances.' 

M, Thiers now comes rapidly into 
the centre of operations. 

'^ Prades is the first placeat allcon- 
siderable that we meet after Perpig* 
nan, and it is the last. Carriages can- 
not [ASS beyond it ; the way <n travel- 
ttng is on horseback. At tne moment 
of my arrival, news had been received 
of the late dcHReats of the Regency, and 
of the flight of the insurgents into the 
French territory. I heard the moun- 
taineers speaking of it with warmth, 
and with the fhUest disposition to find 
something marvellous in it. Everyone 
told his own story, but all spoke with 
wonder of the cavalry of Mina, which, 
they said, ran nmn the points of the 
rocks. Without, nowever, beingso mi- 
raculous, it is certain that this cavalry 
traverses tbe mountains with surpri-^ 
sing rapidity and ease. They also an- 
nounced the approadi of several ge- 
nerals, the Regency itself, and, above 
all, EtRey Mata rhrida, as die pea- 
sants here called him." 
• In those days, " Rebellion was 
good-luck ;" and the Cortes were 
" viceroys over the King." The scale 
has turned since, and the kingly Cot- 
tes are now playing the ftigitive, in 
place of El Rey Mata Florida. The 
tourist is at last indulged with a view 
of an emigrant rebellion. 

'* I was anxious to ^t to the place 
where those celebrated insurgents were 
to be seen. After travelling very ra- 
pidly, towards night-fall, I met widi 
the first encampment, in a small field, 
at the foot of the mountains, and in 
the midst of the snow. I never saw a 
more melandioly and original sight. 
It was distinguished, at a distance, by 
the floating pennons of our lancers, 
who were placed as sentinels at die 
fimr comers of the itinerant village. 
Twelve or fifteen hundred poor crea- 
tures, men, women, diildren, and old 
people, were stretched upon theground, 
with their baggage snread out ; some 
yrere lying on a little straw ; others 
added their clothes, and endeavoured 
to make beds of them. Some mules 
were f(|8tened outside the ch^e, with 
their heads covered with ornaments, 
and their eyes with plates of copper, 
laooording to the Spanidi ftahion. ' 

Hie travdkr then penetrates into 
the defiles, and finds, as he advanoea, 
the increasing evidences of the eonfki- 
sion and misery brought upon the po-* 
puladon by the giddy and unnadonal 
attempt of the Cortes. 
- *' I resumed my way among die' 
mountains. The roads were covered 
with the poor stragglers who had re- 
mained behind. To these were added, 
officers, monks, cur^, students with the 
large Arragonese hat, and the gown 
tucked up. 

*' In the midst of this melandioly 
scene, I was much struck with a young 
man, dressed in rather a handsome 
unifbrm, and well mounted, who, 
though unarmed, was distinguished by 
a loftiness and grace entirely African, 
put his horse on all his paces, and 
seemed to amuse himself with the road 
and the fugitives." 

Our extracts must dose, thooglh the 
pamnhlet contains many interesting 
details. But the fiight of'^the Regency 
is too curious an event in the chapter 
of revolutionary accidents, not to be 
wcHTth transferring. The travdler baa 
set out early to pass the defiles lead« 
ing to the valley of the Cerdagne. 

*' I left Oiette in the morning, after 
having, with great difficulty, procured 
a mule and a guide. The sky was dark* 
and stormy ; an impetuous wind blew- 
through the defiles^ I took the road t* 
Mount Louis, ^ere the mountains 
draw closer together, ffnd rise. The 
road is cut out on one side of the rocks, 
at one third K>f dieir he^ht, and al- 
lows room fbr one mule at most- 
Above, are inaccessible eminenees— 
below, are torrents — and beyond; are 
odier mountains. The scene is most 
diversified. Sometimes you rise, and 
seem to command the abyss ; at odiera, 
you descend, and seem to have it over 
your head. Sometimes, fbBowing the 
sinuosities of the defile, yoa come in^ 
to an dbso^e endosure, apparevtiy 
without an -outlet; then, suddenly 
doubling a point, you discover an un- 
expected and immense pro6|»ec^ ; vast 
amphitheatres of daxzling snow, black 
pines, and a succession of mountains, 
midiik crowd together, and lock into 
each odier. The confluion of cubic 
and broken masses of Ihnestone; blocka 
of granite; the addstus, detadied in 
•dabi, or broken into little flakes, add* 
ed to the roaring of the torrentB,:ii)e 
disorder of the winds, and the premd 




and rent dontU, aflM a perfisct pio- 
tore of ^cfaaoB. Nerer did the ooofti- 
lioii of the elements appear to me more 
dreidfiily eyen in the midst of a storm 

" On this day, and daring this 
dreadful stinrm'^ I met with sdllmore 
fugitives than on the dav* be£M%. Not 
a Monk, not a woman, nad Tentured 
to set out. Those who had no families 
with them, were conducted in hands 
by some of our soldiers. The poor 
wretches wrapped themselves up as 
wdl as they could; fortunately for 
tiiem, theyliad the wind in their Mcks, 
and* impelled by it, ^ey ran alon^ the 
nsiTowest paths with extreme agihty." 
He DOW meets the curious phe- 
Bomenon of a Government running 
away, and seems to have been rather 
fghilarstfd with the sight, notwith- 
standing some natural touches of feel- 
iag lor those luckless fellow-sharers 
«f the desert and the storm. 

*' My guide, when we set out, told 
me that we should xoeetElRey Maia 
Florida, In ftct, the jpag€$ of Uie Re- 
gency soon aanounced nis apfHroach* 
I most make my reader acquainted 
with those psges, who have been ^o- 
hetk. of with so much complacency, as 
well as the portmanteaus contaiidiig 
die archives of the Regency. I saw 
hofsemen pass me in groups of three 
or fiMir toother, upon horses which 
were leaq, mdeed, and iU-shaped, but 
cxcdlent, to thev galloped over the 
sBow, and along tne paths, with a se- 
curi^, I might almost say an infiilli« 
bflitj, which was truly surprising.—- 
Tfaeir equipment was worthy of the 
place, of the qien, and of the army to 
which they belonged. Some had old 
caps, very much worn ; others rustj 
hornets, or little round hats, . witn 
short plumes of various colours. They 
had imiforms, or Catakmian jackets, 
sometimes pantaloons and shoe^, but, 
£v the most part, gaiters and spartil" 
hs, and no spurs. Some had no sad- 
dio, nor any other harness than a hal- 
ter. We met fVom sixty to eighty 
hoKsemen, of whom there were per- 
haps twelve or fifVeen well equipped, 
and wrapped in jgood blue cloaki^ es- 
corting officers. Sec, &c. 

The aqpect under which this unfor- 
tunate Regency anpeared at last, was 
certainly not caiculated toraise very su- 
perior ideas of its former influence. A 
mote shattered and lonely remnant of 
fomum^it, could not have been easily 

found in all the ezpolncms of Emope. 
Ita decr^tude, contrasted with the 
speedy tnumph of its principles, and 
the pomp of its military return, form 
a singular coiitrast, and seem made to 
forbia politicians from prophecy. 

*' At last I met the long-expected 
R^ency. We were climbing a flight 
of steps, which, extending luong the 
side of a hill, turned towards its sum* 
mit. On a sudden, I saw a horseman 
at the summit of the path, who turn- 
ed the point, and advanced towarda 
us with a truly martial air. He was 
an old dragoon, enveloped in an im- 
mense cloak, and resembling the war- 
riors in Wouverman's battle-pieces. 
After him came a foot-soldier, leading 
two good horses by the bridle. We. 
were in our turn doubling the point, 
and descending by the opposite flight, 
of steps, when I perceived a group 
who appeared to ascend it with diffi- 
culty, on foot. A man between fi^' 
and sixty years of age, of middle sta- 
ture, pale, thin, and stooping, wiUi 
his eyes red, wearing a black cap and 
a brown great-coat, was leaning upon 
two other persons, and dragging him- 
self along with the fpreatest difficulty. 
My guide, at this sight, called out to 

me, ^El Rev, El Rett Maia Florida !' 

• 41 m •« m • 

y His suite were not less character- 
istic — ^tbree or four mean-looking and 
ill-dressed individuals walked by hia 
side ; those were the great officers of 
the Regency. One of Uiem, who was 
pretty far advanced in years, very tall, 
wearing an enormously large French 
hat, covered with oil-skin, and carry- 
ing a bundle under his arm, kept a 
little on one side — ^he was a minister^ 
I know not of what department. Re- 
hind him was a tall Capuchin, in a 
long robe, who seemed to represent 
the altar near the throne. Lastly, a 
few steps behind them, came a young 
man in a green cloak, with sevenU 
capes, dressed completely in the Frencli 
fashion, rather stout, and of a very re- 
markable appearance. I was told that 
he was the son of the Marquis Mata 
Florida. The wind blowing violently at 
the moment, both parties stopped, and 
I had sufficient time to examine this 
f\igitive court They watered their 
horses at a little stream which issued 
from the side of the mountain, and 
which flowed under a thick covering 
of ice that had been broken. After this^ 
we continued our respective routes.** 


Leeturu on ike Fmt Arts. 


lettntet on ibt ;fint 9tt$. 
No. I. 


Ladies and Gbktlbmen, It is 
high time that the public shoidd think 
more than they have hitherto done . 
of George Cruil^hank ; and it is also 
high time that Gecnge Cniikshank 
diould begin to think more than he 
•eems to lave done hithoto of him- 
arif. Generally speaking, people oon« 
aider him as a clever, sharp carica- 
toriat, and nothing more — a free- 
handed, comical yonn^ fellow, who will 
do anything he is paid for, and who 
is (mite contented to dine off the pro- 
ceeds of a '' George IV." to-day, and 
those of a " Hone" or a " Cobbett" 
fk>-morrow. He himself, indeed, ap- 
pears to be^the most careless creature 
alive, as touching his reputation. He 
seems to have no plan — almost no am- 
bition — and, I apprehend, not m«di 
industry. He does Just what is sug- 
eested or thrown in his way — ^pockets 
we cash— orders his beef-steak and 
bowl— -and chaunts, like one of his 
own heroes, 

•• Life is all a vsiionmi, 
We regard not how h goes.** 

Kow, for a year or two, to besin 
with, this is just as it riiouM be. 
Craikshapk was resolved to see Lijh 
—and his sketches shew that he baa 
seen it, in some of its walks, to puiw 
pose. But life is ^ort, and art is long; 
and our gay friend must pull m. 

Porhapa lie is not aware of the fiKt 
Mms^---but a fast it undoubtedly ia 
-^^at he possesses genius— obnius in 
its truest sense — strong, original, Eng- 
Uah genius. Look round the world of 
AET, and ask, how many are there of 
whom anything like this cm be said? 
Why, there are not half a dosen names 
liiat amid bear being mentioned at all ; 
and certainly there is not one, the ^pce-' 
tNiaions of which will endure sifting, 
note securely and more triumphantly 
than that of George Cruikshauk. 

In the first plafie, be is^what no 
Rving caricaturist but himself has the 
least pretensions to be — and what, in- 
deed, scarcely one of their predecessors 
waa— heis a thorough-bred ariid. He 
dbaws with the ease, and freedom, and 
Ibarlesanessofamaster; he understands 
the figure completely ; and appem, so 
far as ona can goeaa from the trifling 

sort of things he baa done, to have a 
capital notion of the principles of 
grouung. Now, these things are va- 
luable in themselves; but they are 
doubly, treblv valnaUe, as possessed 
by a person of real comic humour, and 
a total desj^ser of That Veneeable 
Humbug, which almost all the artista 
of our day seem, in one shape or other, 
to revere as the prime god of their idol- 

Nobody, that has the least of an eye 
for art, can doubt that Cnrikshank, if 
he chose, mightdesign as many Annun- 
ciations, Beatifications, Apotheoses, 
Metamorphose^, and so forth, aa would 
cover York Cathedral fttNn end to end* 
It is still more impossible to doubt that 
he m^;ht be a famous portrait painter. 
Now, theae are fine lines bodi of them 
-^-and ]ret it is precisely the diief merit 
of Cruikshsnk, that he cuts them 
both — that he wUI have nothing to do 
vrith them — that he haa chosen a walk 
Of his own — and that he has made h» 
own walk popular. Here Mes genius ; 
but let him do himself rastice-^et him 
persevere and rise in his own path— 
and them, Ladies and Gentlemen, them 
the day will come when hta name 
wiU be a name indeed — not a name 
pufied and paraded in the newspapers 
-'-^ut a living, a substantiid, peraaps 
even as 31u8trio«B, English name. Let 
him, in one word, prooead— and, aa 
he proceeds, let him thiidc of Ho- 

TheEnf^ artists seem in gcMi^ 
lo be very pleasant, Mvely, geod-lMart- 
ed fellows. I know a great many of 
them, and I love thenv— bat I can- 
not oompUment them much upon the 
extent and depth of their viewa aa to 
Art. How rare a thing ia the least ap- 
proach to originality! How nure a 
thing is the least aroroadi to what 
deserves the name or success! WiU 
you forgive me for venturing upoAi a 
fem hint*— certainly well-meant-Hand 
as certainly not hasty ones? 

The dignity of Art^-the importance 
of Art — the grandeur of Art— these 
are phrases that are never out of their 
mouths; and yet how few of them 
seem to take anvpaina upon themselves 
su^ aa might beeome peopfe devoted 



iVo. /. On Owrge Cmikthank. 


to vliat is importaBty d^nified, and 
gnnd ? 'None, or almost none of them> 
appeur to have oonsidered in what sort 
flf state the world is at present as re- 
gsidin^ them mid their art. The 
world IS, in the first place, in posses- 
■on of a vast hody of masterpieces in 
cfery department ; and, secondly, the 
wodd is fall of light and information ; 
and, whatever it might have done three 
bimdred years ago, more ot less, it wHl 
not now tolerate, at least it will not 
now ^ypland, any artist whose works 
do not announce a mind rich in gene- 
nl aoeoroplishment and acquirement 
—a nrind that Jias been fed with the 
oontempbtion of hmnan thoughts and 
frdingH, aa well as human forms — a 
Ughly edoeated and cultivated mind. 
An ignorant man, my fKends, can- 
not snmed in our time dther in Art 
or in Authorship. Exceptions there • 
BMy be — Imt no lonff •headed man goes 

rthe strength of exceptions ; and, 
all, bow very, very rare are the 

Who, Ladies and Gentlemen, is the 
greatest painter now living ?-^Nobody 
cut hesitate about the answer — ^Wil- 
K1X. And what is Wilkie ? Is he not a 
man, who, if he were a lawyer, a physi- 
cisn, or a divine, would be pronounced 
--by any one diat had spent an evening 
IB ma company — a singularly well-in- 
fivaaed man ? He is so — and no won- 
der ; fbr he is not a mere painter— lie 
icedved the same general education 
wbidi would have b^n bestowed upon 
bim, had he chosen to wear a gown and 
caaodc, or a three-tailed periwig — the 
•dncation of a British gentleman. He 
has all along lived in the society of 
men of the world — and he is a man of 
Ae wodd. He, therefore, being pos* 
wemeA of this mechanical art, makes 
■se of it exaictly as he wotdd have 
made nae of the art of writing, or the 
ait of speaking, had his turn hap* 
peoed to lie soother way. He knows 
what the world has baen, and what 
the world is — and he expresses by his 
art diat understanding of, and sym^ 
fatby with, the spirit of die age in 
which beHves — witnout which a paint* 
cr is, in pmnt of fact, just as mane, 
iBoomplete, and inefibctual a being, as 
a poet or an orator. 

Alas ! ray dear hearers, the world 
is a yetj old world now. In former 
daysy people came very fair speed, 
by nen^ seiang on the rough 
iraits of uaxk^ and expresnng them 

Vol. XIV. 

by pen, pendl, or chisel ; but now 
this will not answer. First of all, 
these things have been so, and by such 
hands, expressed : — and nobody cares 
for having them over again. But, 
secondly, and still more, we wish to 
have the finer tcaits. Intelligence is 
now difiused and general — so much so, 
indeed, as to make an essential part of 
that Nature which all Art must imi- 
tate. It follows, that people who can 
only meddle with the rough work, — 
that is to say, [[for a stray Hogg, &c. 
here and there, are merely exceptions,)] 
all rough-hewn and illiterate people, 
—had better not meddle either with 
poetry, or painting, or sculpture, q.e.d. 

Now what are the painters in ge- 
neral? Capital fellows, no doubt, in 
their way — a little addicted to turn- 
ing up their noses st each other — 
amicably open in their vanities — but, 
upon the whole, ]^easant people — 
most assuredly so. But what do they 
know of the world, past, present, or 
to come ? They have never read any- 
thing worth speaking of*— that, in- 
deed, they scarcely ever pretend to 
have done— So much for the past. 
They live among themselves— they 
marry [[most commonly as the modern 
Pygmalion would fain have marriedT 
or tney are bachelors — men of the third 
' floor and the mutton chop — cheerful 
over ale or gin-twist " of an evening," 
—smokers of shag, fVeqnenters of the 
pit, emei^ers into sunshine on '^ cleans 
diirt day —dry, yellow, absurd men, 
with fantastic curls or picturesque 
baldness^-the solemn smile of a re<« 
duse — the ease of an actor off" the 
siage^-^ shuffling lounging gait-^and 
too often green spectacles. So much 
fbr the present. As for the future 
world, I strongly suspect it is far from 
. occupying anything like a due pro-^ 
portion of their attention. They sel- 
dom go to chureh at all, the more is 
the shame to them ; and, when they 
do so, it really is not much better, for, 
instead of attending to the divine 
truths which the eloquent preacher is 
nttering, they are generally studying 
some effect about tne chandeliers or 
•the window.curtains, or scratching 
down the heads of the church-war- 
den and his lady on the fiy-leaf of the , 
Uttle red Prayer-book. 

My drift in short is, that all painters 
of talem ought to be diligent student* * 
of other things besides, their own par- 
tioilar art. And my argaraent, a» 



Lcckarei fm iht 



ImBt one of my chief aigan^ente^ isi, 
that the painters who have sneoeeded 
splendidly in past timesi and more es- 
pecially in the present time, hare all 
done so. Michad Angelo was a great 
poet. Raphael a most elegant scholar. 
What would the other two Carraccis 
have done with all Uieir manual skill, 
but for what Mr D'Israeli so properly 
calls " the profound meditations" of 
Ludovico ? Atbert Durer was a dun- 
geon of middle^age lore. Sir Joshua 
Reynolds mas the author of his chann« 
ing Lectures. Grreek Williams has put 
forth recently a delightful and moat 
classical Tolume of Travels^ Turk 
Allan, too, has written a very pretty 
little book about a Circassian love- 
story-^besides being responsiUe far 
I know not how many oomio inter- 
ludes, &C. wherewith, to this blessed 
hour, the private theatres of the 
Ukraine, Crun-Tartary, and several 
other outlandish regions, are enliven- 
ed. Haydon appears to have written 
his own catalogues. Sir Henrv Rae- 
bum was ! — alas ! imu,— oneof tne best 
informed men in the North, — a true 
Scottish gentkraan of the old school- 
as true a one as ever kingly sword 
laid knighthood on! — As for Mr 
Thomson of Duddingstoee, — perhaps 
after Turner, the finest landsoape 
painter now extant — he is a highly 
accomplished member of the dericu 
profession. In m^ opinion, he ought 
to be made a Prmcipsl. His Aber- 
lady Bay is a perfect jeweL Sir Tho- 
mas Lawr^ce is another extremely 
well-read painter — he is a compete 
gentlemMS, and man of the worlds and 
pne of the handsomest mesi in Lon- 
don into the^bargain. And what is 
the result ? Nobody but himself could 
have painted that piotuie of Lady 
Blesington — nobody since Titian. 

The same sort of thing may be said 
with equal propriety as to the actors* 
Garrick was a glorious farce-writer — 
a glorious son^- writer— the pupil and 
fhend of the celebrated Dr Samud 
Johnson. Old Cibbei^s il^w^vy, and 
some of his comedies stand in uie very 
first order of meritorionsnesa— John 
Kemble was a prime black-letter scho«« 
lar — and possessed besides all the learn- 
ing of the sacred profession for which 
he was originally destined. Mrs Sid- 
dons is the antfaor of an abridgement 
oC Milton's Paradise Lost. Charles 
Young is as accompli^ed a gentleman 
m any L.L.D. A.S.S. within the four 

aeas t «nd Chaite Matthews is (can 
paiae go higher ?) the principal au- 
thor of several of his own entertain^ 
ments. Dan Terry was bred an ar- 
chitect, and is learned in all the learn- 
ing of the Palladios — and, moreoiper, 
he has dramatized the Heart of Mid^ 
lothian, &c As for Liston, ^ ex- 
quisite, inimitable Liston, who does 
not know that he was at one time a 
teacher of youth, and that he diseo- 
vered where his true forte lay, from 
observing, that all the dread of a 
brushing could not keep the bovs from 
dying of laughter whenever he was 
spouting ex cathedra, the Soliloouy of 
Hamlet, or the Speech of Molodi? 
Mrs Bellamy's life of herself is tLckefr 
(fceuvre of libel and libidiBonsness> 
and, to wind up with a stomacher, Mo- 
LiEitf and SuAXi8jrsAX£ wers pl^ 

I a«i of opinion, that Geoige C^miksi 
shank is one of the many yomnff gtm^ 
tlemen« whose education, (like UM of 
the English opium-eater^ has beeis 
neglected. But there is no time lost ; 
he nas, I hope, a long life and a mar-* 
ry one before him yet ; and he vmf 
iefend upon it, hia life will be neithev 
the shorter nor the duller for his BHn 
king it something of a studiousxnie. Ha 
should read — read— read. He aho«ld 
be inddatigable in reading. He shouM 
rise at six in the morning. If he eati't 
work till he has hadsomethuig to net- 
tle his stomach, (bov own case,) he 
may have a little cofl^pot placed on 
the hob over night, and take a> cu|» of 
that and a single crust of toast— and 
he will find himelf quite able for mam 
thing. What a break&st he will be 
able to devour about nine or haB-paat 
nine, after having enriched his mind 
with several hours of oonversation ndtb 
the greatest and the vdaest of his spc-* 
eiesT He may rely upcm it, this hint is 
worth taking — Then let him draw, 
etoh, and paint, until about two o'oIooIq 
F. M., then take a ionnge through tke 
atreeta to see if anything- ia atinin^p^-i 
step into WeatminsteK-^all— the Fivem 
Qonrt, theRev.£dwardlrvine'achMiel» 
(if it be Sunday,) or any other poblie 
pUmni^ jotting down k la Ho^th all 
m abnird fiiees he f alia in with upna 
his finger nails. A slight dinner ami a 
sin^ bottle wiU carry him on tiU it 
is tuna to go to the play, or the Caatle 
Ttfvecn, or the House of Common^ ocy 
the eiienii^ pleaching or the Sumy 
Leotnre^nrtlielike. At fint sight, ift 


No, S. On Oenge Cimikihtmk. 


mtj t^pear that I ttn catting «hort 
tlie hoan of proferaioDal exertum too 
mndH-lrat tiiis I am convinced is 
men humbug. Does the author of 
Warerley cat, or drink, or ride, or 
tdk, or uiigh, a whit the less because 
he writes an octavo every month? 
DO BQch things. Does Jeffrey plead 
his causes a bit the worse because ne is 
the editfv of the Edhiburgh Review ? 
Docs Wordsworth write worse poems, 
ftr collecting the taxes of Cumber- 
land, or lAmb, worse Elias, for being 
ckrk to the India House? The 
aitisto are aU of them too diligent — 
that is the ver^ &uU I want to cure 
them of. Their pallets tfe never off 
tibeir thumbs — their sticks are eter- 
naOy in their fingers. They are like 
the old race of kin^, who are repre- 
aeoted as lying in tneir beds all in full 
tfg, with crown, globe, and sceptre. 
Sodi doings are not adapted f(Mr the 
pveaeDt enlightened state of society. 
hodk kanga are exploded—^the kings 
kmjmsee cpvi wear top-boots, hessians, 
aiid Wellingtons, military uniforms, 
nest Une surtottt8->-blaek stodcs-^in 
dMTt, they dreasmo better than their 
aobjeet*— <ir worse. Painters, poets,- 
ftc who all tbhifc themselves at 
Wast- as aett as if they were kings, 
ouf^t vrithout question to behave l&e 
chHr brothet potentates— conform 
them^ves to the customs of the world 
—be educated and literatCj since all 
other oeople are so—and eat and drink, 
that tneir aoul, (that is their genius,) 

The advantage of a little pi^oper 
nadhw ni*y be illustrated by the his- 
tory or Geoi^ Graikafattik-^aa well 
sa by iim of aiiy other individual I 
have the pleasuve of not being per* 
sanaUf aequainted with* I admits 
lkd% be shewed gveat talent in *' The 
Ifstrimonial Ladder," the '' HoUmb 
that JsMBfc boilt/' and, indeed, in aU 
bis carlief 9&[fynaKoces, His oarica- 
tnren of Ae Chancellor, and Lord 
SidMondi in partieukr, «Fere quite 
adminibie ; and so, when he vraa 
w wii nj g on ikt dther lay, were some 
of his eariealimes of Burdett, Giey 
BesneCy Waddmgton, Maddntosh, 
€ddisfe, Joseph Hume, Honey Brought 
am^ and Peter Moore. All these 
weis in their sevend vrays exodknt 
Ihiigi But what a start did he make 
when his genins had received a tkiier 
and a divineir impulse ftom the npien^ 
did imaginatioD of an ^pan! How 

completely — ^how ioto eaphdid he out- 
eruikshank himself, when he was 
called upon to embody the conceptions 
of that remarkable man in the designs 
for Tom and Jerry ? The world felt 
this — and he himself felt it. 

Again, no disparagement to my 
friend Pierce Egan, (who is one of the 
pleinantest as weU as one of the great- 
est men now extant ; and with whom, 
last time I was in town, I did not 
hesitate to crack a bottle of Beldier^s 
best,^ Cruik^ank made another, and 
a stiU more striking stride, when he 
stept from Egan to Bums, and sought 
his inspiration from the very best of 
all Bums's glorious works, '* The 
Jolly Beggars." It is to this work (die 
**. Points of Homoua") that I am 
now to speak. . It was fbr the purpose 
of puffing it and its author, ana of 
calUttg upon aU, who have eyes to 
water, and sides to ache, to buy it, 
that I began this leading lecture. It 
as, without doubt, the first thing that 
has appeared since the death of Ho- 
garth. Tes — Britain possesses once 
more an artist capable of seizing and 
immortaMsing the traits of that which 
I cmisid^ as by far the most re- 
teairkable of our nation^ dlaracteris- 
ticfr— the HoMouit of The People. 
Ex PESE Herculbm : The man who 
^^ew these things is fit for anything. 
Let him but do mmaelf justice, and 
he roust take his place inter himina 

' As fbr describing a set of comic 
etchings — I must &g to be excused 
••-jt is not at ifi in my line — ^but I 
pity the man, woman, or child, who 
do^ not feast upon them propriis ocu^ 
Hi. You, Ladies and Gentlemen, you 
are more fortunato-*-here they are. — 
The first of the seriesrepresents the old 
soldier, with the woDden*leg> in ^lis 
attitude : — 

^ An^ aye he ned (he Tozie Drab 

The fother ndpan kiss, 
While she held up her greedy gab, 

Jast like an awmoat dhh 4 
. Ilk smack still did crack still. 

Just like a cadger*s whip ; 
Then, staggering,*' &c. &c. 

The Unes are worthy of being written 
in letters of goM^tney are worthy of 
havin^inspired Cruikshank to the mgh- 
est triumph his genius has ever yet 
adiieved, and that is far better. The old 
ftllow's fluse, you observe, isround, and 
^hawn to a point at ihe nose ; his dyes, 
are almost quite shut ; his firm lip 


proiectt about an inoli beyond ^s nin^ 
pled proboecUyand conceak tw<Ntmids < 
of his bristly chin. His Aree-<ornered, 
iron-bound hat is-coeked half fiercely >, 
holf'^ jauntily," on the rigktear. The 
stump of that dexter arm stands out as 
in a vain but violent effcrt to chisp that 
time-worn &ir. And she ! — what a sim^ 
per—what oui^^luxury about her heavy 
eyelids, and diat indescribable, inefi^ 
blemuszte! The great toe of her right 
foot is curled up in an ecstasy of ^' no- 
thing loath" — sne ahewsy after all she 
has come through^ a plump and juicy 
cidf*-her right hand is fumbling about 
his breast-plate, and the left, half un« 
consciously, as it were, is fiddling about 
the tankard on the table there behind 
li^r. As Wordsworth says, in compli- 
menting a paintiiig by Sir Gecnrge 

** Oh ! 'tis a passionate work !** 

The Bank of £ngland to a mealy 
potatoe, it is worth idl the paintings, 
either of his own, or of other peop£'a 
m^ufacture, thitt Sir Gwsge Beau^ 
mont possesses. 

The contest between the Tinker 
and the Fiddler (turn over two or 
three leaves, my hearers,) is scaroely 
inferior — and the Balladmonger upri- 
sing to chant (on a few pages mo|r% 
Ladies,) is as good. I tnmk, upoE 
looking at it fin: a few minutes more^ 
it is even better. Ye9--4t is the best 
of the whole — it is the gem — the star 
— ^tbe glory of the book. What a pro- 
found sense of the ^orious felicity of 
whisky is manifested in this half- 
sleepy, half-enthu8iaati<^ fiit, bald^ 
freckled, leering, squinting, gaping^ 
roaring physiognomy, 

** He xinng, rejoicing, 
Between hn two DrixNnhs, 

Looks roan4 him, and finxnd them 
Impatient for the diorus.'* 

Thero is njore persuasion, and more 
triumph too, in the style in which 
that dexter hand is expanded, than in 
all the fists that ever tnumped a vel- 
vet-cushion. The uncertain, stagger- 
ingt stride— the ineffectual staff— the 
leather-breeches, (Ladies and Gentle- 
men) — the ahirtless arm — they are all' 
perfect. It is from such a glorious 
fdUow, and no other, that Burns would 
havecut off a year of his life, to hear 
the strain sung — that inimitaUe strain 
—that true *' ballad of tlie best"— I 
ahall try it myself, however,— 


^' 8«a.te smokinff bold bafora us i 

Mark our jovial ragged ring ! 
Bound and round take up the chorus.^ 

And in raptures let us sing. 

Now the chorus, audience ! 

A fig for Ihote hy laws proUcttd^ 
LiAertyU a glor Um§JbaH ; 

CQurtsfor cowards were erected^ 
Churchy built to please tiicprktU 

*' What is title, what is treasure, 

What is reputation's care ? 
If wc lead a life of pleasure, 

'Tis no matter hdw or where. 

<• With the rtady trick and fable. 
Round we wander all the day ; 

4sd at night, in bam or stable, 
^ug our doxies on the hay. 

^ Does the train-attended carriage 
Through the country lighter move ? 

Does the sober bed of marriage 
Witness brighter scenes of love ? 

Ajlg^ &c 

^ Life is all a ToriorMPi, 

We ifgard not how it goes ; 
Let them cant about deeunm* 

Who have rharactws to lose. 

^^ Here*6 to budgets, bags, and wallets} 

Here's ^ all the wandering train ; 
Here's our ragged brats and cdlets, 
X One and all, cry out, Amen ! 

AJlgr &c 

To proceed.— This sketch of the 
wh(de party in the acme of their revel 
—and this counterpart of them start* 
isg in the morning — ^when th^ no 
alTshrivclled, bundled up, blind, lazy, 
melancholy, moping^— are both quite 
exqiunte— And tne notion of the oon* 
trast may be classed with anything 
that even the wit of Hogarth has be- 
queathed to us. Cruikshank here stejw 
beyond faia author, turns poet faimseuv 
and completes what Bums began, as 
weU as Buma bimaelf could have 

There are several etchings in this 
little book besides these— excellent, 
no doubt, but still inferior*— those of 
Frederick and Cardinal Bemis fitf the 
best. Seriously, Cruikshank must At- 
tend to the hint we hove been giving 
him, and learn to respect himself. He 
must fi^ve up his mere dang drudgery^ 
and kbour te be what nati»e lias pot 


No. L On Oemrgt Cnukshank. 

within bit retdi— not % carieatnrist, 
but ft ptinter. 

Ana yet it is no trifle to be a good 
cnicitarist. Forbid the thought^ ye 
shades of Banbary and Gilray ! — for- 
bid ity even thou, if tbou be still in 
the land of the living. Good Dighton I 
— forbid it) channingy langhter-rao- 
ving Rowlandaon ! Bunbury waa a 
great genina,' and would have been a 
great caricatorist, had he been pos- 
setMd of art at all in proportion to his 
imagination. But he could not draw 
—not he. As far as faces went^ he 
was at home and admirable; and, even 
as to the figure, provided he wds al- 
lowed the benefit of loose breeches^ 
and capadons coats, and grizzly wigs, 
■id tflliaceo-amoke, he could get on 
wdl eDOQ^ But this is not the 
thing. The caricatdrist should be oMf 
to rqwesent everything ; and then he 
can represent what he chooses in a 

, very di^rent style from that of a man 
whose ig n orance, not his choice, limits 
the sphm of his representation. Row-< 
IsndaoD, again, is a considerable dab 
at drawing ; but, somehow or oUier, hia 
fctn is mSra — hia fidd is not comedy, 
but farce — bufibonery-Hmd this will 
sot do with the English temperament, 
cioept for merely temporary purposes^ 
The Rev. Brownlow Nortn, (wor« 
thy of bearing that ilhiBtrions name, 
O Christoph^,) is uiother capital 
enicmturiat. His '' Ringing the bell," 
^ tile Bosrding-School Miss return- 
ed," <' the Skatinff Chib," and some 
other pieces of tet kind, are di- 
me. Bnty like most amateurs, he 
wanta acienoe; and I suspect, after 
all, that poor Gilray did more for his 
best desi^ than the etching of them. 
Gilnnr waa in himself a host. He is 
' the^st name on the list d£ PvUH^ 
tal Caricahirists, strictly so called. 
GeoFge III., ( honeat man 1 ) and Boney, 
and FoK, aaa Sheridan, and Pitt, and 
Windham, and HelvlUe, and Gren« 
ville, are hia peculiar property. His 
£HBe win repoae lor ever on then* broad 
bottoms. Cruikshank may, if he plea- 
ses, be m second Gilray; but, once 

/ BKNre, this should not be his ambition* 
He ia fitted for a higher walk. Let 
him plar Gifany, if he will, at leisure 
hoar»— let him even pick up bis pocket 
JBoory bv Gihravizing; but lei him 
give his days and hia n^^ta to labour 
thai Gilxay^a shoulders were not meant 
fat; «ad icar (far he may) a repotsi* 

tion, sudi as Giltnj was too sensible • 
fdlow to dream of aspinng after. 

It is, I cannot help sayiug, a thoUf^ 
sand nitiea that Cruikshank did not 
pubHsii his first Iwraison of the '^ Pointa 
of Humour" two or three years ago ; 
for, if he had done so, in addition to 
the high character it must have gained 
for him in England, it would, in all 
probability, have been the means of 
putting several hundred pounda of 
good Scotch cash into his fSob. There 
can scarcely be a doubt, that the dis- 
tinguished connoisseurs, who took in 
hanid to have the cupda of the New 
Advocates' Library here in Edinburgh, 
painted, would have turned their pa^ 
tronising eyes and liberal hands to^ 
wards Geoi^ Cruikshank. The oa« 
rieature which they have nrocured for 
the jurisconsultsof the Moaem Athens^ 
is undoubtedly a very fidr caricature. 
These nine buxom Muses, and Glorious 
Apollo, with his yellow head, are good 
in their way. Old Homer, with his flan« 
nelpetticoatandfiiddled phyaognomyy 
and Robin Bums, sitting at his knei^ 
in corduroy breeches, vdveteen waist* 
coat, and a spotted handkerchief, form 
8 meritorious group— and so do So« 
ontes, in his tunic, and Dr P&ley, in 
his gown and cassock ; each of them 
throwing apparently a sly glance to* 
wards Miss Urania. There is genius 
in these juxtapositions — ^there is the 
very quintessence of wit. It is im- 
possible not to smile at the thing. The 
BMXtmne of Roman togas and laced 
waistcoats, long beards and three-tied 
periwiffs, Athenian sandals and San- 
quhar hose, Ionian lyres and Pariaiaa 
anufi-boxes, is certainly productive of 
a truly comic efiect. The deities oa 
the otner side are almost as sublime at 
those of Blarney Castle— 

*-^ All atting naked in the open air.*' 
So far as the affair goes, it is blame* 
less — and the artist and his patrons 
are entitled to our tribute of ap« 
plause. But I must still be of opi« 
nion. Ladies and Gentlemen, that, in 
the hands of a Cruikshank, such a 
subject would have received still gtt|ter 
ornament. His fearless cravon^Wd 
not have been restrained by certain 
absurd punctilios, which seem to have 
checked the flow of genius in that 
nevertheless immortal piece. Since he 
was to jumble Mount Olympus, Ma- 
rathon, and Maybole — since ne was to 
aimihilate tijne and space — ^he would 

Ledtm$omih^ Fine Arts. 

haam fjtoned in pmliiiig his privilege 
to its tttnoit limit. He would hare 
iatrodooed those great Dons who are 
at this moment flourishing among us as 
boldly as those who died twenty or even 
thirty years ago; and will anybody, 
possessing mens sana in carport tanOf 
deny, that this cupda would haye been 
a still more perfect thing than it is, 
hsd the painter clapped in a few cele« 
bsated professors, poets, and critics, of 
die present brilliant era, among the 
rest of them ? Since David Hume wss 
to be represented as ofiering a pindi 
of ranee to Epicurus, why not have 
Joseuli Hume exhibiting his smug|^ 
ailk nandkerchief , or perhans ofiioing 
a thimbleful of his Bmu|;gled Fairn^ 
tosh, to Marcus Tullius Cicero ? Whr 
introduce Bums, and yet omit Hogg? 
I am sure his maud and top-boots 
would have looked as picturesque every 
Mt as his great predecessor's blue 
ahort-cost and rig-and-furrow stock* 
ings. And why, I ask, when Shak^^ 
speare was to lounge on the ssme sofa 
with iBschylus, why, Lsdies and Gen-' 
tiemen," should not Barry Cornwall 
have becsi ^owed to draw in his 
disir, and sit opposite to his defunct 
compeers, with his '* footman in giMD 
livery" at his back ? These are ques* 
tions which it is impossible not to 
adc These sre questions which it is 
ImpossiUe not to answer. Thev speak 
home to our business and our bosons 
-*-they touch upon the most sacred 
privil^ of the British Coostitu*^ 

But grant that it is improper to ixb* 
tioduce living characters, expmsiv and 
avowedly ss suck, in an historical pie* 
ture, or in an historicsl caxieature, wby, 
I UMSt still demand of the patrons and 
performers of that masterpieoe — ^why 
was not advantage taken of that iiwe. 
nions plan of which Mr Haydon hss 
made su^ glorious use in several of 
fais finest ehefi'd^eemvre ? Dom any 
man pretend to tell me, that the real 
features of Euripides, Empedodes, and 
the rest oi Kbese antique gsntry, aKt 
kMHD? No-^-the assertion would be 
aWH. If, then, tbe» real plmiog* 
nomies are long since obliterated finmi 
the recc^kction of the human i»cs, 
why did not this artist replace them 
by likenesses of existing landred spi^ 
Tits— inheritors of the ssme divine g^ 
*mu»— masters of the same heavenly 
arts-^pessessors, new and herealUr, 
of Uie same lofty fame ? As Haydon, 

in his fft^i pietm of '' The Bntnmoa 
into Jerusslem," msde a Wordsworth 
bow down for the good centurion, a 
Voltaire turn up his nose for a certain 
sneering Ssdduoee, and a HaiMtt sit 
fer the countenance of St John, &o. 
&c — whv did not this painter sedt 
similar advantsges for the use of sin^ 
Isr ingenuities ? Why, in s great liee« 
lary Caricature, painted and paid for 
in Edinburgh in the 19th century of 
the present era, must future ages look, 
and look in vain, for the least oorpo* 
real representation, eitheir of the au- 
thor of Waverley, or of the author of 
the Chaldee Manuscript, or of the a«« 
thor of the article ** BeMity" in Mao* 
vey Napier's Encydopiedia ?--iVtiA / 
De4m tt hominutn fides /—I «sU upon 
Mr Clerk and his ZeUxis for a reply* 
The moment their papen are lodgcdi 
I am willing to abide the decnion of 
the Director General of the Fine Arts 
for Scotland. 

To return fhwi thia digresskin> 
which, under all the drcumstaoees of 
the case, may not, 1 should Iwrnnbly 
hope, be regsrded as unpardonable, I 
have now to submit that Mr George 
Cruikshank ou^t on no account 
whatever to peiUion parliament for 
public patronage to hts '< Points of 
Humour." An artist, above aU audi 
an artist as Cruikshank, ooclit to 
stand upon hisown bottom. That the 
public will, in the proper style, sbm^ 
and form, patronize himy ■ m o s t eflle^ 
toally, most stnnuously, patroniae 
hun,— I cannot entertain the shndsw 
of a doubt. I am sure they will par* 
^ To buy or not to buy that is the gasa* 

But, if they do not, the real troth of 
the matter is, that parhamtnt cannot 

We have recently terminated a glo* 
rious war isi winch we hsnre mtiSni 
the freedom of England, aad reseued 
Europe fttmt the moat iron and den- 
ppcie thrsldoin that ever hisolssid 
the anals ei the worldL Thia ia 
tr«e; but we have still aanetidiig to 
do. Wr still owe mudb to oorsehrea, 
and to onr chfldren, and to oar diild> 
ren's children. Our finaiMes are yet 
hbevring mider the eflfecta ^ tboae 
noblesamAces, whidi d«ty , patrioliHB^ 
religisnr attd hMsoar, so impew ^ i ve ly 
demanded at our unhesiSating^ bauds. 
And, tor fp tether s^ ^e i^irit of 
tumult and turbulenoe is yet abroad 

iothevodcL II agitate either 
iphere* In ^ sttblime language of 
Jdiluiiif it pefpkxea monareoB with 
£mi of ebange. Briti^ atatesinen> in 
a word, whether we look to the eaat 
or to the west, to the north or to the 
HNUh» to India on to Persia, to Tiir« 
key, to Greece, to Naples, to Spain, 
to Portugal, to Wirtemberg, to Mexi- 
co, to Braail, to Poyais, to Russia, to 
Fiance^-— or to ill-fated, unhappy, dis- 
united Ireland,— whichever way we 
Gtft our eyes, I repeat it, we shall 
find that those persona in whom fate, 
fertoae, or merit, have reposed the 
sway of the afi&irs of this great em« 
Bire, have, as the saying is, their 
nands full of business. England lost 
bm the last year one of the first of 
her statesmen from excess of busi- 
nesa. The we^t e£ business musC 
Mi be OBQecenaiily increased— 4h0 
puUie bozdens, too, must be dimi- 
■ished. The tax on the carriage of 
stones coastwaya haa been abolifdie^^ 
ittion banlk haa been re-«8tabliahed« 
BtttthiaianotalL Improvement muoO 
lot hesitate nor stumble in her maje»» 
ticmacdk The mirit of Hume wbIIes* 
Sve hmg, as Mr Henry Coekburw 
h$itkf remarked to Lord itosaljmn, it 
IB to be hoped that thiagecat man wiH 
•ven thmat his hand into the pockets' 
of the sinecumtfr of Scotland. And ia 
tins a time fbr calling dpon thekgia- 
latee of this mighty empire to em- 
laHswi tkeraaelvaa with the capadooa-- 
leai of eanvas, iht coat of casts, the- 
fnnaity of p ksnge-imgch aBttaiy utd the 
waste and desert baHnesa oi white- 
vaahed dnnsda-walls, deatitiiteof g^« 
ed fiamca^ and resplendent with no 
tiptare-raiaiBg reprcaentatioBs of Hi- 
iim,Habakkiik,aBdHolofeme8? The: 
sainoaitkm lamoBstrons, and witt cer^- 
taimy receive no sanction either fitmi 
in parltancat aasembled, ev from the 

iVosJ, Oh Qwgttiknik^ank, 


Amiif thftprims^leeheiilMre, and 
eoMMler for a moaaent what would be 
tbe infidliUe nasnlt^ Pamtem are not 
the only artiBiB whose works fiul a* 
times to invest diem with a lordly 
proportion of the penshable good 
tko^ c£ thiB auhhinary andimperN 
fiat vrorld. Thens aae poeta t h» e 
an prosani' toa>^ who^ in their own 
aainiBii, hem meruenmi ReipubHca, 
(hf be it fbnii ua to assert tint dieir 
^finim fs wrong aa to this matter^) 

and iidiooe perftvnanees, nevcrUM- 
lessi, asa monthlv, weekly, daily and 
hourly, leoeivea with hesitation by 
tlie bDokfldlenH^and with BM;lect by 
the bodc-buyer. Can these things be 
new to any lady or gentleman who 
haa cast an observant glance upon the 
course of affiurs in the present crisis ? 
No — they are universally known-^ 
they are palpabie^they are acknov^ 
ledged truths. And what is to be 
the consequence, if whenever Dr Sou- 
they pubushes a quarto poem, iftid 
nobody buys it, he is to ap^ to Ida 
frioid Mr Brougham to petition Pai^ 
liament for redress ? What is ParlhB>« 
ment to do P Suppose Parliament iHiys 
up one edition and makes a bonfire 
of it, will not this munificence en-« 
courage the poet to put forth another 
^larto, equally bulky and equally un- 
popular, in the Spring of the imme- 
diately succeeding year. What ? — la 
the House of Commons to buy ve^ 
this quarto too ? — Is the British Plur* 
liament to buy up the opera omnia of 
Platoniat Tavior e — Are the pubHc re« 
positories of this empire to be cram- 
med with Mr Macvey Napie/s dis- 
aertatien on the Scope and Tendency 
of Bacon P Are the two Houses totake 
in the supererogatory copies of the 
Edinburah Review — and thereby make 
tip to its mdustrious compilers ror that 
deficit of individual favour which be- 
gins to throw a shade of disgrace up- 
on the whole intellectual character of 
yie iBcomptehensible age in which we 
have had the misfortune to be bom ? 
Is the Hbuse of Lords to be compelled 
to sustain the shiking pinions of ti 
certain member of their own noble 
evry ? Are they to pass a bill, deda- 
rmg that *^ Christian, or the Islantt,'*' 
is as good a poem as ^ The Bride of 
Abydos," and inflicting the pains and 
penaldes of a high crime and misde- 
meanor upon aU who took in the bro- 
dmres of John Murray, and yet he- 
sitate to take in the equally 'weQ- 
printed brochures of John Hunt ? No 
— De maximit nan curat Freetor. We 
am a fiFee people, we received the lM|f 
bequest of lihertv from our fbcRE* 
thers, and we will hand it down un- 
tarnished to our posterity. It Is the 
sacred privilege of Britons to admire, 
and therefi)re to purchase, just what 
pictnres, and what books, they choose. 
That privilege is inborn and inalien- 
ablej and the minister who dares tq 

1» Leeimrei m the Fine Afis^ Z'^Foh^^ 

trench upon k>4me8 lus liead to the of theSoottUi RegaKa,"— « pefforro- 

block, Kpd. his name to the execration ance whidi, if Mr Criukshuik it to 

of the wcArld. admit any designs hat his own, ap- 

I propose in my next Lecture to pur- pears almost worthy of being traas- 

soe this subject, and. to direct the at- ferred to copper for the use of ^ 

tention of my hearers, 1st, to the me- '^ Points of Humouf."* 

rits of Julio Romano, as a caricatu- • Ladies and Gentlemen, I have the 

rist ; — and, 2dly, to those of Mr Ged«- honour to' wish you, respectfully, a 

des, and, in particular, to his truly good evening^ 
.excellent caricature of the '^ Discovery 

* The ^ Points of Humour** are to appear in oecasfonal Numbers. No. I. eoptam s 
.sbout a dozen etchinsa, and 50 pages oSt very well written letter-press. The work is 
puhliahed by G. Baldwyn, Newgate Street, London, and the price, per Number, is only 
. 8s*» which is dog-cheap, as things go. 


No branch of literature seems to a long while encountered a volume 

have been cultivated during the sea- more entitled to the praise of elb« 

son that has just expired, with more gance. First of all, it is, as to ex<« 

distinguished success than that of poet- temals, one <tf the most chaste and 

ical translation. So much, indeed, has beautiM specimens of typographical 

been done in this department, that art and embellishment that ever iasued 

we find it quite inconsistent with our from the' English press. And, what 

limits to ^aw the attention of our is of greater moment, the jewel is- 

readers into the various meritorious quite worthy of the rich cssket in 

works that have accumulated upon which it is plaoed. Mr Wifl^'s own 

our table. We cannot, however, per* prose introduction is a modd of that 

mit the month, which may be consi* species of composition, foil, dear, yet 

dered as the last of the book-buying concise, and above all, entlrdy nxmf* 

portionoftheyear, to pass away with- fected^ Of the poetical versions (heni>- 

out saving a few w<n^s concerning selves, we shall only say, that the Odes 

each of three publications, which we and Ljrrical Pieces are much superior 

think more especially entitled to the to the Edogues ; and that they are 

attention of the lovers of polite litems so just because Gardlasso's original* 

ture. were in these cases more worthy of 

The first of these is a complete inspiring Mr Wi^m's moae* Our 

translation of the Poetical Works of translator is a perfect master of the 

Garcila^ De La Vega, by Mr J. H. laoguagOi in wmdi Gardlasso wrote ; 

Wiffen. It is strange enough to. find and he renders him into English with 

auEnclish Quaker attempting to trans* the ease, the gracefhlness, and the 

fose the beauties of one of the most migestic fiow, of an English poet, 
statdy and chivalric of Castilian Gardlasso was, as almost aU the 

bards. Mr Wiffen, however, has con« g^reat Spanidi geniuses have been, a 

trived to ky aside his drab suit, and soldier ; he waa noUe, brave, cooiv 

to wear the lofty plume and embroid* teous, amorous, the mirror of Casti*^ 

ered mantle of the gallant Spaniard, lian honour and CastiliaB love ; he 

as naturally as if he had never been died, after a Hfe of enterptixe, inMir« 

accustomed to figure among humbler tune, and g^ory, at the eiffly age of 

lents. We really have not foe thirty; he is tibe Surrey, and more' 


* 1. The Works of Gardlaso de la Vegs, samained the Prince of Castilian Poets, 
translated into English Verse ; with a Cridcd and Uistoricd Essay on Spanish PoeOry^ 
and a Life of the Author. ByJ. H. Wiffen. London; Hnrst, fiohinson, and Co. 1893.. 

2. The Orlando Furioso, translated bto English Verse, from the Italian of Ludovioo* 
Ariosto; with Notes. By William Stewart Kose. London; Murray. 1823. 

3. Faust ; a Drama. By Goethe. And Schiller^s Song of the BeU ; txanslatcd by 
Lord Frands Leveson Gower. Ix)ndon ; Murray. 1823. 

dm ftm Bumj of SptoMi Uttero. 
We riMRdd wiDnif^ amc mftBT {Mges 
to Um and his worthy traosktor,— 
hot, ftr the present, we must ccmfine 
onsdves to s coople of ^Kctniens. 

Hie fbDowing Ode was addressed 
by GarcOaaso to a young Neapolitan 
kdy, ^called the Flower of Gnido, 
from the ouarter of the city of Naples 
in whiflhahe Hfcd,) at the time when 
a fbend of the poet's was enamoured 
sf her* NoUiing;, we spprehendy can 
be Bne perfectly elegant— 


^ Had I the sweet resounding lyre. 
Whose voice coold in a moment chain 
The bowling wind*s ungOTeroM ire, 
Aad moremcnt of the ragiDg main, 
Qs nvage hiOs tbe leopm rein, 
The lien's fieiy loul entranee, 
Aad lead aloos, with golden tones, 
The fiadnatedtrees and stones, 
lafeiuntaiy dance; 

** Think not, think not, fiur flower of 

It e^ should odchrate tbe scan, 
Dwt rab*d» blood shed, or laurels djed, 
Baeitb the gonfaloo of Mars, 
Oe, bome soblime on festal can, 
The chie£i who to submission sank 
The rri>el German's soul of soul, 
Aad fnged the chains that now control 
The frenzy of the Frank. 

** Ho, no ! its bs wi i o nS es should ring 
la vaunt of giori« all thine own ; 
A disooid soDketncoes from the string 
Sirack farth to make dij harshness mown. 
Tbe fiager'd diords should speak alone . 
Of beauty's triumphs, Love*s alarms. 
And one who, made by thy disdain 
Fde as a lily dipt in twain, 
Bevnli thy fatal duurms. 

** Otttut poor captive, too contemn*d, 
I sppsk, bis doMn you might denlor^— 
In Vemis* g^dfiot— still condenm*d 
To Slain & life the heavy oa . 
Tbieu^ thee no longer, as of yore, 
He t«nca the unmanageable stMd, 
With curb of gold his pride restrains. 
Or with pressM spun and shaken reins 
Tooncnts him into s p eed. 

^ Not now he widds fbr thy sweet sske 
Tbe sword in his scoomplisnM hand, 
Kca g npp l es, like a poisonous snake, 
The wsaOsr an the ydlow sand I 
Tbe oU heroic harp his hand 
Vol, XIV. 


Consults not now, it can but kitt 
Xhe amoroua lute's ^utoMD^ stiiaga . 
Which murmur ftrth a thousand llungs 
Of banishment finn Mha 

'* Thfoogh thee, my dearest friend and 

Grows harsh, impoctunute, and grave ; 
Myself have been Ins port of rest 
From shipwreck oo the yawning wave ; 
Yet now so high his passions rave 
Above lost reason's oonquer'd laws, 
That not the travdler ere he slays 
The asp, its sting, as he my face 
So dreads, or so abhors. 


*' In snows on rocks, sweet Flower of 

Thou wert not cradled, wert not bom. 
She who has not a fault beside 
Should ne'er be signalised for scorn; 
Else, tremble at the fate forlorn 
Of Anaxarete, who spum'd 
The weeping Iphis from her gate, 
Who, scoffing long, relenting late, 
Was to a statue tum'd. 

" Whilst yet soft pity she repell'd. 
Whilst yet she sted'o ber heart in pride, 
From ber fViezed window she beheld, 
Aghast, the lifdess suicide ; 
Around his lily neck was tied 
What freed his spirit from her chains, 
And purchased with a few short sighs 
For her immortal agonies. 
Imperishable pains. 

*^ l^ien flnt she felt her bosom bleed 
With love and pity ; vain distress ! 
Oh what deep rigonn must succeed 
This first s^ touch of tenderness ! 
Her eyes orow glased and motionless, 
Nail'd on nis wavering corse, each bone 
Htfd'oingin growth, invades her flesh. 
Which, late so rosy, warm, and fresh. 
Now stagnates into stone. 

** From Ihnb to limb tbe fhMts aspire, 
Her vitals curdle with the edd ; 
The blood fbrgets its crimson fiie, 
The veins that e'er its motion rdl'd ; 
Till now the virgin's ^orious mould 
Was wholly into marble changed. 
On which the Salaminians gased, ^ 

liCSB at the prodigy amazed 
Than of the crime avenged. 

<^ Then tempt not thou Fate's angry arms. 
By cmd firown or icy taunt ; 
But let thy perfect deeds and charms 
To poets' haips, Divinest, grant 
Thanes worthy their immortal vaunt : 



Nevf P9€iie^ Trmtk^mu. 


£lS6 nmit OUT wooing itrtBgi pucranio 
To celebrate in ■trains of woe. 
The jnstioe of tome signal Uow, 
That strikes thee to the tomb.'* 

The next is valuable, not only for 
the sreat' beauty of its language, (to 
which Wiffen does, on the whole, jus- 
tice) but as presenting one of the most 
happy specimens of that particular 
yein, which was produced by the mix- 
ture of Italian ornament, with the 
deep native sentiment of Castilian 



*^ Once more ftom the dark ivies, my 

proud harp ! 
I wish the sharpness of my ills to be 
8hown in thv sounds, as they have been 

shown sharp 
In their effects ; I must bewail to thee 
The occasions of my grief, the world shaU 

Wherefore I perish ; I at least will die 
GonfessM, not without shrift : 
For by &e tresses I am draggM along 
By an antagonist so wild and strong, 
That o*er sharp rocks and brambles, stain- 
ing so 
The piuhway with my blood, it rushes by. 
Than the swift-footed winds themselves 

more swift ; 
And; to torment me for a longer space, 
It sometimes paces gently over flowers. 
Sweet as the morning, when I lose all trace 
Of former pain, and rest luxurious hours ; 
But brief tne respite ! in this blissftd case 
Soon as it sees me, with collected powers. 
With a new wildness, with a fury new. 
It turns Its rugged road to repursue. 


*' Not by my own neglect, into such harm 
Fell I at first, *twas destiny that bore. 
And gave me up to the tormenting charm, 
For both my reason and my judgment 

To guard me, as in bygone years they well 
Had guarded me in seasons of alarm ; 
But, when past perils they compared with 

They saw advancing, neither could they 

40r what to make of such unusual foes. 
How to engage with them, or how repel; 
But stared to ace the force with which th^ 

Till, spurr*d on by pure shatne, 
^With a slow pace and with s timid ^e, 
*At length my reason issued on the way. 
And more and more as the fieet foe drew 

The more did aggravating doubt display 

MylifeinMri],dfeadiiiffleitthedie . 
Of thai day\ battle shouM belost, diim«y 
Made the hot blood boil in my veins, untU 
Redaim'd, it sank into as cold a chilL 

^ I stood spectator of their chivalry ; 
Fighting in my defence, my Reason tired 
And faint ftom thousand wounds became, 

and I, 
Unconscious whkt the insidious ttionght in- 

Was wishing my mail*d Advocate to ^it 
The hcmeless quarrd,'— never in my lue 
Was what I wish'd fulfilled with so much 

For, kneeling down, at once she closed the 

And to the Lady did hei^ sword submit. 
Consenting she should have me tor her 

As victory urged, to slaughter or to save. 
Whichever most might please. 
Then, then indeed, I felt my spirit rise. 
That such unreasonable conditions e*er 
Had been agreed to ; anger, shame, sur- 
At once possess'd me, fruitless as they were ; 
Then foUow'd grief to know the treaty done. 
And see my kingdom in the hands of one 
Who gives me life and death each dav, and 

Is the most moderate of her tyrannies.' 


** Her eyes, whose lustre coidd irradiate 

The raven night, and dim the mid-day sun. 
Changed me at once by some emphatic 

From what I was — I gazed, and it was 

Too finished fascination ! glassM in mine. 
The glory of her eye-balls did imprint 
So bright a fire, that from its heat malign 
My si^ening soul acmiired another tint. 
The showers of tears 1 shed assisted more 
This transformation ; broken up, I found. 
Was my past peace and freedom ; in the 

Of my fond heart, an all4uxur]ant ground. 
The plant whereof I perish, struck its root 
Deep as its head extended high, and dense 
As were its melancholy boughs ; the fruit 
Whidi it has been my wont to gather 

Sour is a thousand times for one time 

But ever poisonous to the lips tliat eat. . 

*•*• Now, flying from myself as from a curse. 
In search of her who shuns me as a foe, 
I speed, which to one error adds a worse ; 
And, in the midst of toil, fotigue, and woe. 
Whilst the forged irons on my bound limba 




Ifamyidf I lode mj thou^ts ! fortbere 
I fkw a field where wnifjtii bat brambles 

Axid the black idght-chade, garlandiiig de^ 

Hope in die&tanoeihowf me, asvhe fliei. 
Her flnttering garmeats and li^ step, but 

Her angd hetj — tean rtuk into my eyet 
At tbe dciniiwi, nor can I farbear 
To caQ her £die at ^ miiagft thai UBa 
The thintj pilgrim of the sandy waate^ 
When he beholds &r-off; 'twixt seeming 

The stream he dies to taste ; 
With eager eye he marks its ladd face, 
And lietans, fancying that he heard it roar, 
Bat, when axriTed in torment at the place, 
Wmp^ to pcreeiTe it distant as before. 

*^ Of golden locks was the rich tissue wove, 
Framed by my sympathy, wherein with 

My struggling Reason was entrapp*d, Hke 

In the strong arms of Appetite, the £une 
Whereof dr^ all Olympus to regard 
The Fire.Ood*s capture; but *twere out 

of place 
For me this c^ure to go gaze, debarred 
Of diat whereby to contemplate the case. 
So circumstanced I find myself! the field 
Of toomament b clear*d, the foe descried, 
AlarmM I stand, without a spear or shield. 
Closed are the barriers, and escape denied. 
Who at my story is not terrified ! 
Who could believe that I am fkll'n so low, 
Aat to the grief I hurry from, my pride 
Is oft-times (bund so litue of a foe. 
That, at the moment when I miffht regain 
A fifSe of freedom, I caress my (£«in. 
And curse the hours and moments lately 

To freer Uioughts^ mournfully mis-speoti 


** This foaoy it not always paramonnty 
For ef a htmn so wild tfa« psantasica 
aaep not a momeDt ; Grief at times will 

Tbe tfarooe of Slavery ; and her sceptre 

80 thai nor fancy shrinks as from its place, 
To dum the torture of its fri^tfiil fooe, 
Ttee ia no part in me but fienned is. 
And wail*d by me in turn ; on my wild 

Afresh protesting at the blind abyss, 
I torn anrigated badk 
Not urged by rea80l^ not by judgment, 

Dlsentei oTthemind is whdDy k»t ; 
AH is baeomo • boRfoneasor blot. 

Btti this one griel^ tmd even Iha ridqg 

Of d«id joy, gliding by, is heeded not ; 
I keep no chionicle of bygone bliss. 
But feel alone, within my heart and brain, 
The fiiry and the force of present pain. 


*' In midst of all this agony and woe, 
A shade of good descends my wounds la 

Surely, I fancy, my bdoved foe 
3lust feel some little part of what I lesk 
So insupportable a toil weighs down 
My weary soul, that, did I not create 
Some strong deceit of power, to ease the 

weight, * 
I must at once die— die without my crown 
Of martyrdom, a registered renown, 
Untalk*d of by the world, unheard, un- 

view'd ! 
And thua from my moat miserable estate 
I draw a gleam of good. 
But soon my fkte this train of things re- 

For, if I over from the storm find peaca^ 
Peace nurtures fear, and fear my peace dia- 

Swift as a rainbow arch*do*er la^ng sea^t 
Thus from the flowers which for a spa^ 

Springs up tbe serpent that devours my 


^^ Ode lifmen, seeing thee, be seized wiA 

At the caprice, inoonstanqr, and shock 
Of these conflicting fancies of my brain, . 
Say that the cause thereof— toimentiag 

Is stable, fixt, and changeless aa a rock. 
Say thou, that its fierce might 
So storms my heart that it must yield, ere 

Even to a foe more terrible and strong ; 
To Him, from whom all cross thonselves 

—to save; 
The power whose home is in the lonely 



These beautifiil Terses wiU, we 
tnut^ sufficiently recommend Mr Wif- 
fen to the notice of our readers. He 
ifl engaged in a work of still great- 
er importance-— a new translation of 
Tasso into English oUava rimoj and 
we confess that we look forward wiltt 
the highest expectation to a Jeru» 
jqiem executed by such a hand. In- 
deed, Mr WifiTen has already pub- 
lished a small specimen of ms Tas- 
so j — and there can be no doubt, 
that, when his work is finished, he 
roust find himself in possession of a 
▼ery enviable reputatum. On coin- 
paring the fragment he has print- 

Nim FoaUeal IS maiUm t u . 



«dy wi4i llw ciwelpiNidiBg fMMoi #f piimflw , 

Fftirftx, (for Hoole is not wpXti the MUei k i» lioaovr «f «mb0 SpaMili 

mentioning,) ^rethink it 19 impoMible Grandee of die first class, fn the 

that any one should hesitate about "Heraldife Anomalies," there I* a qtieet 

agreeing with Mr ¥^flfen, th«t a new enough diaptsr on Quakers— and we 

version was wanted, and with us, that suspect from the strain thereof^ that 

Mr Wiffen is admirably quiJified for Mr Witfeu may be called over the 

supplying the want — ^Mr Wifien's coals^ even by the brethren of owr 

(jabcilasso it dedicated, with great own tim^ for the liberal use of ^^ yov 

propriety, to the Duke of Bedford— Grace/' and the like sinful abomina- 

the Poet being his Grace's librarian at tions.-— To be miie, Paul «alM a fi(»- 
Wobuni Abbey, and deri?ii» from • man dign^ary, ^^Most wUeFflitaa^'' 

this situation uie moans of indulging onW for gtvinghkn a deoent hearing; 

his taste and talents oiiohmtdignobiH. ana our friend mtLj Justify, on tihia 

Long may he do so. Th^ dedication, authority, and that a fortiori too, 

however, will probably be considered for we suspect he has much more rea- 

as sotnewhat of a curiosity — ^for, though son to applaud John Duke of Bedford, 

the production of an Endisli Quaker, than ever the Apostle had to applaiid 

it is as abounding in titles and com- the most noble Festus. 

Kft W. 8. ROSE. 

Tlks second work of this daes we neceuity^ addreaaes itself to the move 

are to notice, is Mr William Stewart refined classes — and we may add, ia 

Rose'a Trandation of the Orlando Fa- unfkir to the author too — for there k 

rioso*— of which she cantos have just no author that does not write the more 

aweared in a very neat tittle volume spiritedly ibr being encouraged, and 

of the same size with his abrid^ent as for bemg too rapid and careless of 

of ^e INKAMORATO. The specimens execution, this h a spedee of tran»- 

we save a few months back of Mr gression which no one will think Mr 

Roses translation fh)m Bemi, mi^ht. Rose Ukely to fall into. Never waa 

perhaps, render it a matter of httle such dose scrupulous fidelity of rea- 

consequence, though we should en- dering assodated with such l^ht dan- 

tindy onut oKtracting from hia Puri- dng el^ance of lan^;uage. This, in- 

080. We shall, however, gratify our- deed, will be an addition to the stand- 

aebreo by quoting a few <n these defi- ard literature of our country. A hun- 

dous stansas. Some oi our read^s dred years hence, it wiU stand beside 

may not have had any opportunity of ^ Dryden's Virgil, Pope's Homer> ad 

seeing Mr Rose's little volume, and' Carey's Dante, 
may, perhaps, be saying to themselves. We shall, pardy fm: the sake of the 

*' This is a book wni(£ no doubt we lazy reader, and partly because we are 

must buy some day — but we shall luxuriously disposed oursdves, give 

wait till It is complete.*' We mean to Ariosto's own stanzas, dde by side 

poke these dilatoiy people by our ex- with diose of his English trandator. 
tracts. Such a way of proceeding is The well-known oommeneement of 

exceedingly unfair to the nubUdier of the -whole poem is thus fdicitoudy 

a work like thia— a work which, of transfrised. 

«« Le Donne, i Cavalier, l*attne, gli a- 


Le cortede, V audad imprese io eanlo, 
.Che furo d tempo, die pasiaio i Mori 
D* Africa il mare, e in Franda nocquer 

Seguendo 1* ire, e i dovenil fiirori 
D*AgramaQte lor Re ; die ai did vanto 
Di vendicar la morte di Trojano 
Sopra Ri Carlo Imperator Romano. 

** Of X.OVXS and LADixa, xvioavs and 

ARiis, I >iog. 
Of couETEsiss, and many a i»4ai«q 

And from those andeot days my stoEybsiiig, 
When Moon from Afric pasaMin hoadla fleet. 
And ravaged France, with AgrasMUt thdr 

Fludi*d widi las youthfid vge mmI fluioaq 

Who on Idng Charles*, the Romaiua q pewif * a 

Had vow*d due vengesMs frr TngrMio daai. 

<« Dii^ d'Orlaado in anmedesmo tratto ^ In the same stram of Robuid will I tell 

C«ianoo:detiainproeaaMS,n^inrima{ Things onattcmpiedyai in p^sia or Afntv 

Che per amor venne in fiirore, e matto. On whom strai^ madnoM aadmakftny lltfi, 

D*ucSm, die dsaggio era stimato prima; ' A man esteem'd so wise in former time; 


Cbe mi bairti a finir fuanto hi premeiMi 

^ Pkcdavi* gpnsren Erewlea imdft, 
O raiiiHo , « ralendar del aeool mottai^ 
Ippoliio* Mgnfir qvcale, ^ «m1o, 
E darn Mrpu6 1* umil serro Tostrd. 
QmL «K* ao vt deM«, poMO ii MOW 
PagareiD psne, e d* opeiad* inauoiliofr 
N^ ii^-foco i* Yi dia» da imipufttttono I 


Ni^ brM«|iltiiir «Mli«in^which «va wioU 

And hourly iittalM my mow, coacede me ■IdH 
And ttxfiifkh my danog pwmiae to ittlfiL 

•* Good wed of Herailn^Te car and ddgn^ 
Thon thai tJKb age's gnice and qilBDdoiir aity 
Hipp(ditii9, to ralk imon hit pain 
Who tenders what he has with humble heart. 
. For, diough all Jtope to quit &e sooie were 

My pen andrpage may pay the debt ia paM i 
Then, with feo JeiAaas ^ my i 
Nor sopni my gift, wha gire ikm all I 

** Teiecotaate fta t pi^ dsgni JBini^ 
Che BOQiaar e9Q laaaem* ajppaModbia, 
Rioocdaxqael Boggier, d^e fh di vei» 
E de*voatriATiillustriilceppovecchio. 
L* altaTaloie^ e i ehkai gesusnoi, 
Vi lasift ndir, se fei mi date otcoehio i 
K i vostri ^ pansier eedano un pooti» 
S ^e tia lor mici Teisi abbiano loco. 

** And me, anadthe worthiiet shaU thou hear» 
Whom I with fitting praise prepare to gtace, 
Biecord the good Rogero, Tsiiant peer. 
The ancient root of thine illuBtrious race. 
Of him, if ikm wilt lend a willing ear, 
The wotth and waiUke ficatal ihaU xetiaoe; 
80 thou, thy graver cares some little time 
If Isnd tl^ MsuBfi'la my riqrme. 

** OrlsDdo, cfae gran tempo innamoclla 
Fl ddla bdia Angeitoi, e per lei 

UTna iiL la Media* in TmnTfn tMtnhftf 
A?ea infiniti, cd immortal tmliBi; 
la PfDCDte 000 easa era tomato, 
Don sotto i gran Monti Pirenei, 
Con la Oente di Franda, e di l»amagpia, 
Bi Osrio era attendato aOa campagna : 

«• Roland, who kM the kd^ of Oalay, 

Raised oountiess mpfaiea to 4hai dtBMel gay, 
la India, Median, «id Tartarian laad. 
Westward with her had measured faaek his 

Where, nigh the Pyrenees, with many a band 
Of Qerroany and France, King Charlemagne 
'Had eamp*d his fkithfiil host npon the plam. 

««Pff&realR^ManiliovealR»Agra. ««Td 

' dd foUe aidir la guanda ; 
D* sTcr ooodotto V un d* Africa quante 
Ocsd cxano atte a portar snada, e landa : 
L*altro» d* aver spinta la Spagna in- 

A dSstnudon dd bd R^gno di Francia, 
E eod Orlando arrivd quivi appunto, 
Ma tosto d penii d* esservi giunto. 

**CkejA^ tolta la sua Donna pd; 
<8co» jgindido nman come spesso em) 
QoeUa, cbe dagli Eitpeij d Hti fid 
Avea ^csa con d lungagnerra ; 
Or coha ^ i fra tanti amid snoi 
Sena qiada adc»prar^ nefla sua terra. 
n aavio bnperatinr, di* estinsuer vdse 
Un grave incendio, fh cbe gala tolse. 

** Nala podii dl innand era una gora 
Tml Coote Orlando, el suo cugin Ri- 

Oto amladno avean per li bdlezza rara 
!>* amoroeo £aio r animo caldo. 
CmIo, die non avea tal lite cara, 
Cke f^i leodea V dnto lor men saldo ; 
Qadiia DssseUa, die la cansa n* era, 
TelM^ a dift la manaal Dnca di Bavera. 

His dieek, and rash M arslHus rae the hour ; 
7%lr, when all train*d with lance and sisocd 

He led fnan Africa to swdl his power ; 
That other when he pnsh*d, in fdl despite. 
Against the realm of Fr^ioce Spain's martial 

*Twas thus Orlando came where Charles wae 

In evil hour, and soon die deed repented. 

*' For here was seized his dame of peerless 

(How. often human judgment wanders ^de 1) 
Whom in long warfare he had kept from 

From western dimes to eastern diores her 

In his own land, 'mid firiepds and lLi8die4 

Now without contest sever*d fnm his aide* 
Fearing, the mischief kindled by her eyes,^ % 
Fiom him the prudent en^peror reft the prizes 

■^ Tor bold Orlando, and his cousin, free 
Rinaldo, late contended for the mdd, 
^^namourM of that beauty rare ; since she 
Alike the ^wing breast of dther sway'd. 
But Chwles» who little liked such miiiyy . 
And dreW an omen thence of feebler aid, 
To abate the cause of quarrd, seized the {air, 
And pUccd her in Bavarian Namus* care^ 


Ntw Poetical TrmdtUitmu 


•'InprankpvoBMttMiolAAaMld'Mst, «« Vowiv widi ImtiIm wimrior to oiittMK, 
Cba in qnd omfliuo, in qudla gns gi- WlioiDttateeiiflict,OB thfttilMal^y, 


DmI' InfBdili pi^ tofU noodMi, 
£ 01 sua man pcMtaoe oprs pi^ oata. 
CoDtiarj ai yoti poi furo i loocem, 
Che *n fuffa andd U Gente hattfinita, 
£ con mom altri fa *1 Duca prigiooe ; 
£ nstb abbandonato il pacUj^kme, 

*^ Dovi^ poi cfae rimaie la Donzella, 
Ch' esser doTea del ▼incitor maeedcy 
Innand al caao era aalita in sdla, 
£ qnando biaogn6. le spafle diede, 
Pnsaga, che quel giorno etser rubella 
Dovea fortuna alia Cristiana Fede : 
£ntr6 in un boeoo, e neUa itretta via 
Rincontrd un Caralier, ch* a pii Tenia. 

** Indotio la oorana, e T ehno in teata, 
Laqpada al fianoo, e in braedo avea lo 

£ piii knier oonea per la foraata ; 
Ch* al puio rflftoil vulan mezzo ignudo. 
Timida pastotdla mai ^ piCBta 
Non ?olae piede innanzi a terpe crudo. 
Come Angelioa toMo il freno tone, 
Che del Oueniery ch' a pii fenia, a* ac- 

With hit good hand noat gainftd aneeovr 

And slew moat paynims in the martial fiaj. 
But counter to his hones the battle went. 
And his thinn*d squadrons fled in disarmy ; 
Namus, with other Christian captaina, takcB> 
And his pavilion in the rout fiMtakea. 



^* There, lodged by Charles, diat gendebon* 

Ordain*d to be the valiant ▼iotor's meed« 
Before the event had sprung into her sdH, 
And from the combat tum'din time of need ; 
Presaging wisely Fortune would rd>el 
That fatiU day against the Christian creed ; 
And, enttfing a thi^ wood, di»ooter*d near> 
In a dose psw, a horseless cavalier. 

** With shidd upon bis arm, in knightly wise, 
Bdted and nudl'd, his hdmet on his head ; 
The knight more lightly through the forest 

Ulan half-dothed churl to win the clodi of 

But not from cmd snake more swiftly ffies 
The timid shepherdeis, with startled tread. 
Than poor Ai^elica this bridle turns. 
When she the approaching knight on fbot 


One more passage — it shall be firom Canto aixth^ where Rogero, after be* 
ing warned in vain by the metamorphosed Astolpho^ is beguiled into the 
Magic Palace of the finchantrees Akina* 

** Venne al cavallo, e lo disdolse, e prese 
Per le redini, e dietro sdo trasse ; 
Ni come fece prima, pi^ 1* ascese, 
Percbd mal grado suo non lo poftasse. 
8eco pensava, come nd paese 
Di LogistUla a salvamento andasse. 
Era disposto e fermo usare ogni opra, 
Che non gli avesse unperio Aldna sopra. 

^ Pens6 di rimontar 8U*1 stio cavallo, 
£ per 1* aria spronarlo a novo corso ; 
Ma dubit6 di far poi maggior fallo, 
Che troppo mal quel gu ubbidiva al 

lo passerd per forza ; s* io non fallo ; 
(Dicea tra se) ma vano era il discorso. 
Non fti duo miglia lungi alia marina, 
Che UbeUa Citti vide d* Aldna. 

** 'Lontan si vede una muraglia lunga, 
Che gira intomo, e gran paese serra ; 
£ par che la sua altezza al Cid s*aggi- 

£ d'oro da dall* alta dma a terra. 
Alcun dal mio parer qui d dilunga; 
£ dice, di* dla i Aldumia ; e forse ch* 

£d anco forse meclio di me intende t 
A me par'oro, pot che d riqilende. 

<< The courser fVom the myrtle he untied. 
And by the bridle led behind him still ; 
Nor would he, as before, the horse bestride. 
Lest he should bear him off against his will : 
He mused this while how safdy he might find 
A passage to the land of Logistil ; 
Finn in his purpose every nerve to strain. 
Lest empire over him Aldna gain. 

'* He to remount the steed, and through the aic 

To spur him to a new career again 

Now thought ; but doubted next, in fear to 

Worse on the courser, restive to the rein. 
< No, I will win by force the mountain-stair,* 
Rogero sdd ; (but the resolve was vain) 
Nor by the beach two miles his way pursued^ 
£re he Aldna's lovdy dty view*d. 

^* A lofty wan at distance meets his eye, 
Whidi gilds a spadous town within its bounds 
It seems as if its summit touch*d the sky. 
And all appears like ^Id from top to gtoviid. 
Here some one says it is but alchemy, 
— ^And haply his opinion is unsound--* 
And haply he more wittilv divines: 
For me ; I deem it gold because it shines* 

** €■»• BsLmno •Ma<k ncdien«ue% *^ When he wm nigh tlMdiy-wallsyaotei^ht; 

(3ie1MoodoalCreiKMihadflik]araoitB; The wodd has not their eqnaU he the strait 

LMcib 1a etzade, che per U pianoia And spacious way deserts, the way which, dight 

Ampia, e dizitta andava alle gran porta; Across the pkin, oondtieted to the pate ; 

£da man deatra* a qikdU pa aieura* And, hy that safer road upon the n^t, 

Cb* al moote gla, piegossi il Guerrier Strains now against the mountain ; but, in 

fivte; wait. 

Ha tosfio ritmvb 1* iniqna frotta, Eneounten soon the crowd of evil foes, 

Dal ctti luior gli fu turbata, e totta* Who furiously the Child's adTanoe appoic» 

**• NoQ fti Tednta mai piii strana torma, 
Pii mostmoet volti, e fegpo fattL 
Akan dal ooUo in giik ? uomini han 

Col TJeo altri di scimie,altri di gatti ; 
SlampaBO aknn 00* pid caprigni r orma ; 
Akoni eon oentanri agUi, ed atti ; 
Son giorani imprudenti* e vecchi stolti ; 
Chi midi, e dii di strane pelli inYolti. 

^ Chi senza fireoo in su un destrier ga» 

Chi koto ra con 1* asino, e col hue ; 
Akzi salisce ad un centauro in groppa ; 
Stmxaoii molti han aotto, aquile, egrue. 
PoBii akri a booca il oomo, akri la 

Qa. femmina, e chi masdiio, e chi am- 

Chi pona uncino, e chi scala di corda, 
Chi pal di ieno, e chi una lima sorda. 

** Di qoesti il ca|Btano si yedea 
Aver gonfiafo 11 Tentre, e*l viso grasso ; 
D qa2 an una testuggine sedea, 
Che ooo gran tarditi mutava il passo. 
Avea di qui, e di li chi lo reggea ; 
Podi* cgli era ebro, e tenea il ciglio 

^ Was nerer yet bdidd a stranger band. 
Of mien more hideous, or more monstioua 

Foinn*d downwards from the neck like men, 

Some with the head of cat, and some of ape; 
With hoof of goat that other stamp'd the 

While some 6eem*d centaurs, quick in fight 

and rape; 
Naked, or ma n tled in outlandish skin. 
These dotingeires, those stiiplings bold in ain» 

*^ This giOkmi on a hone withoat a Ut ; 
This backs tne sluggish ass, or bullock slow ; 
These mounted on the croup of centaur sit ; 
Those perchM on eagle, crane, or estridge, go. 
Some male, some female, some hermaphrodit*. 
These drain the cup and those the bugle blow. 
One bore a corded ladder, one a hook ; 
One a dull file, or bar of iroivsbook. 

Ahri la fronte gli asdugava, e il mento ; 
Aliri i panni scoCeaper fkrgli Tento. 

" Un, ch* ayea umana fbrma, i piedl, e*l 

E eoUo avca di cane, oreochie, e testa 
Contra Roggiero abbaja, acci6 ch* egli 

Ndk bdla Citta, ch* addietro resta. 
Rispoae il Cavalier : Nol £ar6, mcDtre 
Arra finza la man di regger questa ; 
E gii mostra la spada, di cui volta 
Avea r aguzza punta alia sua volto. 

^ Qnd mostro lui ferir Tuol d* una lan- 

Ma Rttggier presto se gli avrenta ad- 

Una stoccata gli trasse alia panda, 
£ h f% un palmo riuscir pel dosso ; 
Lo sendo imbracda, e qua, e U si landa ; 

•^ The captain of this crew, whtdi block*d 

the road, 
Appear'd, with monstrous paunch and bhiat- 

ed face ; 
Who a slow tortoise for a horse bestrode. 
That passing, sluggishly, with him did paces 
Down look*d, some h^ns, some there, sus- 

tain*d the load, 
For he was drank, and kept him in his place. 
Some wipe his brows and chin from sweat 

whidi ran. 
And others with their vests his visage fan. 

'* One, with a human shape and feet, his crest, 
Fashien*d like hound, in neck and ears and 

Day*d at the gallant Child with ingry quest. 
To turn him to the dty whence he fied. 
^ That will I never, while of strength pos- 

To brandish this,* the good Rogero said : 
With that his trendumt fauldiion he dis- 

And pointed at him full the naked blade. 

^* That monster would have smote him with 
a spear. 

But swiftly at his foe Rooero sprung. 

Thrust at his paunch, and drove his faulchion 

Through his pierced back a palm ; his buck- 
ler flung 

34 New Peetiad Tta^doHom. [[Jvfy, 

MaTfaliniootioip^ttiwpo g wa o g Befi»reliui,MidMitMffidliMteftBdlMM^ 
L' on fmindil pongs, •ValiraqaMI But all ftM a«m«ratii HM ilic widtad chnnig. 
mnra: Niw grappM from behM, n«fir piui^*d b«> 

Egli ft*arr«Cl^ e f« loi^Mpra guemu fota^ 

Ht ttandf, and pliet the erowd wUh wutuo 


« L*aDriii*ndcnti,6r alltoftiB'alpailo 
PaiteDdo T» di oaeHa ini^oft mzn ; 
Ch* alia sua spada non b* oppose elmetto, 
Ni s^ido, at paniUra, ni ootna»» 
Ma da totte U ^arti i eoii aitetta, 
Clie biaoffDO laria per trorar piasza, 
£ twer da M Uff^p il popd rta, 
D*aTer ^ik braoda, e man die BitoiOb 

«< d« dl aamrire cnMt anrto «tfit9 
Lo aeudo, che gii fu del Negrona&te f 
lo dlco qad, di* abbatbaglkra il vim, 
Qail« dK^aU'aniond area laadaia At* 

SubiM afria <|«m1 bhtttD atnol oM^also, 
B fttloMA eader dMo dafaaileb 
£ fone ben, dM (bspmab quel modo, 
Pttdid virtate aaar vcdae, e aea frodo. 

«^ tta qad dM ptt6, pid teno too! nM>. 

Che renderai pA^^kfbe a 0I yil ge&te. 
£cooti intanto didla porta usdre 
Dd muro, ch* io dicea d* oro lucente, 
Due Oiovani, di* ai gesti, ed al yestire 
Non eran da stimar nate umilmente ; 
N^ da pafttor Dutilte con diaagi. 
Ma fra ddizie di real palagi. 

*^ L* una, e V altra sedea su un Liooomo, 
CandSdo pHu die eandldo ArmeUino ; 
1/ aaa, e r altra era bella, a di «l adono 
Abito, e medo tanto pellegrino, 
Che all* uom guardando, eeooiemplando 

Bisognerebbe aver oediio divino 
Per far di lor giudido ; e tal saris 
Bdti, B^aveue cotpo, e leggiadtia. 

**L* una, e 1* altra n* and6, dore nd prato 

Roggiero d oppresBO dallo stuol Tillaao. 

Tutla la turba d lef6 da lato, 

B quelle al Cavalier poner lamaao, 

Che tiato in tibo di color roiato. 

Le Donne ringrazid deU* atto umaao ; 

£ Al oontento (oomjpiaoendo loro) 

Di zitomaid a quelUi porta d* oro. 

^* L*adomamento, die b* aggira BOpra 
La bdla porta, e sparge un poeo avaate, 
Parte non ha, che tutta non ai caepra 
Ddle pi(i rare genraie di Lerante^ 
Da qaaltre parti ai tiposa sepra 
Orosae colonno d* integro Diamante. 
O vero, a fiilao, ch* all* ocdito risponda, 
'Non h ooea piik bella, piii gioooada. 

** One to the teeA, another to the breast. 
Of that fool raee he deft; daeenooneateel'd 
In mail, his brows wiUi covering hdmet 

Ot ^uffht, aeoafed by corslet or bj slueU ; 
Yet is he so upon aH oaaiten press'd* 
That it would need the Child, to dear the 

And to keepdPdie wiekedciaw w hidiswa aaa, 

hundred hands and atma. 

Mare than. 

^ If he had ttioaght the ma^ iMdd «o shoar, 
(I speak of that the necromancer bore. 
Which dazed the sight of the astoniahM foe, 
Left at his saddle by the wiaid Moor) 
That hideous band, in sudden overthrow. 
Blinded by this, had sank the kaight beibve. 
But haply he despised such mean as vilai 
And would prevail by vaWur, aot by gufle* 

^Thisasiimayt the Child woald metit his 

Brt by so vile a baad be prle aaei led ( 
When, lo ! forth-issuing from the city^s gate, 
Whose wall appear*d like shitting gold I said. 
Two youthful ikmea, not bom in low esiatB, 
If measured by their mien and garb, nor bred 
By swain, in early wants and troaUes vtrsed ; 
But amid priaody joysin palaoe nutscd 1 

^^ On unicorn was seated dther fldr, 
A beast than spotless ermmeyet nM>re wUte { 
So lovdy were the damsds, and so rare 
Their garb, and with auch graceful &sliion 

That he who dosdyviewM the youthfhl pair. 
Would need a surer sense than mortal sight. 
To judge between the two. With such a mien 
Embomed obace and beauty would be 



'* Into the mead rode this and the other dame. 
Where the foul crew opposed the Chfld*s ke- 

The nibble scatterM as the ladies came. 
Who with extended hand the wanior greet. 
He, with a kindling visage, red with uiame. 
Thanked the two damsehs for their gentle feat ; 
And was content upon thdr will to wait. 
With them retumbg to that goldca gate. 

'' Above, a cornice round the gateway goes, 
fiomedeal ][»rojecting from the odonnade. 
In whidi IB not a idngle part but glows^ 
With rarest gems of India oved^d. 
Propped at four points, the portal did repose 
On columns of one solid diamoad made. 
Whether vhat met the eye was ftht or true, 
Was aever sight mors fSsir or glad to t iew. 



Wfffen — Rose — Golver. 


*^ So per U lo^is, e fbor per le colonne *' Upon the sill and through the 'oohunns 

Coimi idRrxBiido Uncive bmiielle ; 
Che, tei riMtti debid alleDomie 
Scf vaam pio, sttiui fane piik beQe. 
Tstte Tcsthe eran di verdi gonne, 
E eotoiHie £ ftvodi oovdle. 

Ran young and vanton girls, in frolic sp6rt ; 
Who haply yet would nave appear*d more 

Had they observed a woman's fitting port. 
Qnette eon moltt ofierte, e con buon viio All are array'd in green, and garlands wear 
Baggier leceio cotrar nel Paradiao. Of the fresh leaf. Him these in courteous sort, 

With many profits and fair mien entice^ 
And welcome to tins opening Paradise. 

*^ Cb^ ai pa6 ben emi nomar quel loco, 
Oremi onsdo die naaoesse Amoret 
NoQ 11 ai ata, ae non in dansa, e in giooo, 
E tatte in festa Ti si spendoa 1* ore. 
PcBsier canuto, n^ m^to, n^ poco 
Si p«6 qttiri albergpre in alcun eore. 
Nea cDtva qoWi disagtn, n^ inopia. 
Ma vi sta ogn*or col como pien la Copia* 

** Qoi, doTe con sctena, e lieta fronte 
Par di* ogn'or rida il grazioso aprile 
Giofrani, e Ddone, son : qual presso a 

Canta eon dolce, e dflettoeo stile ; 
Qaal d'nn arbore all*ombra, e qual 

d' un raonte, 
O gioea, o danza, o la cosa non Tile ; 
£ qual langi dagli altri a un suo fedde 
iKscoopTe Famorose sue querelc. 

'^ For so with reason I this )daoe may c^dl. 
Where, it is my belief, that Love had birth ; 
Where life is spent in festive game and ban» 
And still the passing moments fieet in mirth. 
Here hoary-headed Thought ne*er comes at 

Nor finds a place in any bosom. Dearth, 
Nor yet Discomfort, never enter here. 
Where Plenty fills her hom throughout Ihe 


^' Here, where with jovial and undouded 

Glad AprU seems to wear a constant smile, 

Troop boys and damsels : • One, where foun- 
tains fiow, 

On the green margin sings in dulcet style ; 

Others, the hill or tufted tree below. 

In dance, orno mean sport, the hours beguile. 

While this, who -shuns the revellers* noisy 

Tdls lis love sorrows in his comrade's ear. 

** Per k dme do* pini, e degli allori, 
DM aid Ugg^ e de^' irsuti abeti, 
Voua sdierzando i pargoletd Amori ; 
Di lor vittoffie akri godeodo lieti, 
Akri ptgliando a saettare i cori 
Ls mira qnnidi, altri tendendo retx. 

^' Above the laurd and the pine-tree's height, 
Thhiugh the tall beech and shaggy fir-tree's 

59port little loves, with desultory flight : 
These, at their conquests made, rejoiced and 


CUtenpradanll ad unruscdpiil basso. These, with the weU-directedshaA^ take sight 
£ dd gfi agoxza ad un vdubil sasso." At hearts, and those spread nets to catch their 

One wets his arrows in the brook which winds. 
And one on whirling stone the weapon grinds.'* 

We earnestly hope Mr Rose may go on and conclude this great underta- 
kiBg as happily as he has begun it-^It is impossible Jp wish anything better 
than this, either for his own sake^ or for our own. 


We now come to a bold venture- 
Goethe's Fad ST, by Lord Frauds 
Leveson Gower. Tms young noble- 
nan^ tor we betiere he is very young, 
has, we must confess, surprised us. 
He has not given a perfect Faust,- — 
that nobody ever will do— but he has 
come so near perfection, that we may 
9ddy congratulate him on an a- 
dnevemenl of which there are few 
practised poets now living in Britain 
that might not be proud. 

By tumuig to the number of this 
Ma^oxne for June 1820, the reader 
nny refresh his recoUection of the 
itory of this wonderful masterpiece. 
The aualyda there given of the fable. 

Vol. XIV. 

and the copious specimens of transla- 
tion, were from the pen of a young Irish 
friend of ours, — a young man certain- 
ly of highly distinguished accomplish- 
ment and most promising genius. He, 
however, will, we are sure, be the first 
to approve of what we do, when we 
candidly say, that Lord Francis Gower 
has put us somewhat out of conceit 
with his efforts upon Faustus. They 
were ^»irited--but they were hasty— 
they want the refinement, and what 
is of still greater moment, they want 
the flow of this young lord's narallel 
passages. It would be ridiculous in 
us to ^ve a second analysis of the ori- 
ginal poem : — that our friend has done 



New Poetical Transkuions. 


as well as U ftt all neceamj. We 
shall therefore be contented with quo- 
ting a few of Lord Francis's scenes. 

The first shall be that in which 
Faust and Mephistophdes walk and 
coQTOse with Margaret and Martha 
in the garden. The scene is one of 
the finest in Goethe ; and nothing, we 
apprehend, can be more happy than 
the version. Whsii delightnil stage- 
eflS*ct — what rich contrasts among all 
the fbur personages — the bewildered, 
innocent, timid Maiden — the crafty, 
worldly Woman — the Fiend — and ms 
perplexed Victim ! what satire ! what 
poetry 1 what pathos ! 

"^ Garden. 


TOPHELE8 and >f A|LTHA walking up 
and down, 

Marg. Ttx> well I feel it, thus yoa con* 
Merdy to shame me in tbe end. 
You traveU*d gentlemen are used 

From kindness to put up with alL 
I know you cannot be amused 

With anything that one like me lets falL 
. Fauit, To hnx you speak delights me 

Than wisdom's words or learning's lore. 

{He kisses her hand. 
Marg, How could you thus your lips 

The softness of this hand much toil has 
To all things I must needs attend— 
My mother's rule is rather hard. 

{They pass to the back of the stage. 
Mar. to Meph. And you, Idnd sir, set 

out so soon again ? 
Meph. Business and duty still impel my 
Often we leave a j^aoe bdiind with pain, 
Yet onward must proceed perforce. 
Mar. In youdi to roam where fbrtune 

ffinveS) « 

May suit you well by land, or on the 
Yet soon the evil time arrives ; 
To slink sad, lonely bachekirs to your 
Is a Uack prospect for your latter lives. 
Meph. Such end, with horror, I expect. 
Mar. Then, worthy sir, in time r^ect. 
i7*hey pass back, as hejbre. 
Marg. Yes, you are courteous, kind, 
and good, 
But then you come of gentle blood. 
Have ijumy a friend of many a natkNi, 
And, more than all this, education. 
Fau$t. Dulness, not knowledge, wrin* 
kles oft the brow — 
Folly will often dress at wisdom. 
Marg. How? 

Faust. Strange, that simplicity should 
want the sense 
To see the beauty of its innocence ! 

Marg. If s on tt fau cs mpan me you 
thoughts should stray, 
I shall have leisure mtmory^s debt to pay. 
Fausi. Yon are alone tbten often ? 
Marg. Night andday. 
Our humble household is bat small. 
And I, alas ! must look to all. 
We have no maid, and I may icaiict wndl 

To wake so early and to sleep so late. 
And then my mother is in each detail 

So accurate. 
I scarce approve these fimdes of iay mo-* 

And think we might do more than many 

My father left us what he had to givoi, 
• A house and garden, decent means to live ; 
My brother was a soldier bred ; 
One sister, younger than mysdf, is dead« 
I had much trouble with the child. 
And yet my love fbr i^ my time beguiled. 
• • • • • 

Bemre iu birth my fiuher was no more, . 
My mother almost gave it o'er f 
It pined, and then rtcover'd by degrees ; 
'Twas I must feed it, hold it on my knees ;. 
And thus I watch'd and nursed it, all alone>' 
And grew to look upon it as my own. 
Faust. How sweet your task to rear the 

drooping flower I 
Marg. And yet it cost me many a weary 
And then, besides, to tend the house af- 
'Twould weary you to tell you all my cares. 

{They cross over. 
Mar. to Meph. Indeed 'tis uphill work^ 
to teach 
You bachebrs. Excuse the speech. 
Meph. Would one like you my steps 
I shouldl>e easy to instruct, 
ilf or. Now tell me true, in any place or 
Has your heart never felt the least sensa- 
Meph. A good naan's heaidi, ths whUn 
his wife sits by. 
Pearls cannot equal, treasures cannot buy! 
'Tis thus the proverb sa3rs, and so say I. 
Mar. I mean, if e*er your heart to love 

was tending? 
^cpf^ I always found the ladies conde- 
Mar. I mean, if serious passion fOTd 

your breast? 
Meph. Trifling with ladies is beyond a 

jest ! 
Mar. Ah ! yoa mistake. 
Meph. I grieve to be so l^nd ; 
But this I see that you are very kind. 

{Crosf over* 
Faust. Then yon forgive my bearing in 
the street. 
Near the cathedral, when we chahced to 
Afar^. I wasinrprisedandfhister'd; it 
was new 

To be aeooMed bf a man likt you. 

Wbn, tbou^ L, sure he mast hafe MM in 

Some tipk of wmntoimest, or levity ? 

Yet, Ifftw, I eurcdy loiow what diarm 

Ancalad om, m I icfiiaed jour ann. 

{They make love* 
Mmr. Hie ni^t draws OD." 
Mtfh. Tme, and we must away. 
Mir, Iwooldnrnteyonhezetoalayy 
But in an eril neighbourhood we dwdl, 
WbHO nothing rails each gaping fo^ so 

As whra, n e glertl ii g all his own affiurs, 
At everybody ebe be stares ; 
And thus their talk would be of me and 

Aad of t^eae two. 

We are Terr loatn to turn orer so 
■any pege^ but we must pass to the 
bet scene of alL The poor ruined 

Wiff ^ m Msfsi-rGawer, 8f 

Marg. (oji hef knees.) Who ga?e the 

hangman power 
So soon to wake and slay ? 
Why call*st thou me at midnight*s hour f — 

O! let me live till day I— 
Is It not time when mom has sprung ? 

{She ttandt up. 
And I am yet so ^oun^ ! so young ! 
And yet so soon to pensh by your laws. 
Once I was £ur too-ltbat is just the cause. 
One friend wu near me then i he too is 

^ fled. 
My flowers are wither*d, and my garland 

Seize me not thus ! it gives me pain. 
Have I e*er wxqog'd thee? why tbcQ 
bind me so ? 
I^et not my woman's voice implore in 
vain — 
Can I have hurt one whom I do not 
. Faust, Can I outlive this hour of woe ) 
Marg, Ah { I am now within thy power ; 

giri, who has innocently killed her v^ , ^ , _ , . 

«1« ^ ...dly her chad, is done My^^MM ^''^^^[/"^•ifo 
m her dungeon — She ifi to leave it for - ^ t 

the gallows at day-break. Faust^ her 
wisrrable betrayer, more miserable 
than she, appears at the door with a 
bundle of keys and a lamp. — ^But we 
i^uil onr raider to turn back to the 
number of June 1820, ere he proceeds 

But then they took it from me lo annoy, 
And now they say the mother killM her 
*• And she shall oeV be ha]^y more* — > 
That is the song they smg to give me 

It is the end of an old strain, 
to retd what Mlow»^-or if ACadamc »"' »«▼« meant me before, 
de Stsd's Germany be at hand, it will ^^*' He, whom you deem d so fw, be- 
doequsDywdL ^ fore you h«, 

w ^luuxj ^^j^^^^ To burst your chaina, and give the li£fc you 

Faust, with a Bundle of Key* and a »x^"*^r\i. • • * ^u • ^ 

Lamp hefbre a low iron Door. JTar^. Oh ! raise we to the samts pur 

^'Sf-^^"'"^""'^"^^*' For ^^iSneath the stair, 
KL^.WK *^\tl»^ nfi «,-«». ^Wm^mA Beneath the door-stone swell 
Sick with the sense of man s collected The penal flames of helL 

The evil one. 
In pitiless wrath. 
Roars for his prey. 

FamtU (flioud) Af acgaret I Afargaret ! 

Marg, iitarting) Tnat was Ai# voice I 
[Ske springe up i her ehaimfaU tfg. 

Where is he ? for I know 'twas he. 

^one, none ^sll stay me ; I am free ! 

'Tis to his bosom I will fly, 

In his embraces I will lie. 

His Margaret he caUs, on the threshold he 

*Mid the laughter imd howls of the fiend- 
ish ban£); 
Through the uiouts of their malice, their 

busings of scorn. 
How sweetly hb voice t^ afibction was 
FautU *Tte 1. 

Marg, Oh, say it, say it, once again, 
My friend, my lover ! Where is now my 

pain ? 
Where is my chain, my dungeon, and my 
FameU Soft ! thou wilt wake thy Jailers He 'comes himself to comfort and to save. 
with that cry. I see the church's aide, the street, 

\Be e€ixee the Oiakii to unSoek ikem. Wherefirst we dared to gaze, to meet: 

B^ this dungeon's dripping waU she 
Ftcnxy the crime for which her blood 
roust flow. 
Traitor, thou davest not enter in 
To fooe the wimen of thy sin. 
Forward! thy cowarmce draws down 

the blow. 
Marg. (vifUfi) Angi, Now shame on 
my inother, 

who brought me to B^it, 
And fool foil my fother 

■^bo nursed me b spite. 
Fautt, iunlocking the door,) She dreams 
not that her l^rer hears the strain. 
Hie straw's sad rustling, and the dinking 
Marg, (hiding herself in tfte straw on 
whieh ihe nes,-) 
Woe, woe ! they wake me ! bitter fate ! 
Famsu Hosb, hush ! I come to give thee 

means to flv. 
ifor^. Art thou a man ? then be com- 


Atftf FoeiiaU TrandaHont. 


The gnden Mooms before me now, 
MHiere first we shared the kiss, the vew. 

Faust. Away ! awaj ! 

Marg, Oh, not so &st i 
Time is with you so sweetly past. 

Fau4t Haste, Margaret, haste I 
For, if thou lingerest here, 
We both shall pay it dear. 

Marg. What, thou canst kiss no more ! 

Away so short a time as this. 

And hast so soon forgot to kiss ! 
Why are my jojrs less ardent than they 

Once in those folding arms I loved to 

Chmg to that breast, and deem*d my hca- 
Ten was there. 
Till, scarce alivw, I almost longM to 
Those lips are eold, and do not move, 

Alas ! unkind, unkind ! 
Hast thou left all thy love. 
Thy former love, behind ? 
Fa%ut^ Follow me ! follow, Margaret ! 
be not slow s 
With twice its former heat my love shall 

Margaret, this instant come, *tis all I pray. 
Marg, And art thout» art tliou, he for 

certain, say ? 
Faust, I am ; come with me. 
Marg, Thou shalt burst my chain, 
And lay me in thy folding arms again. 
How comes it, tdl me, thou canst bear my 

Know*st thou to whom thou bring*st the 
means of flight ? 
Faust. Come, come ! — I fSsd the mom« 

ing breeze^s breath. 
Marg. This hand was guilty of a mo- 
ther's death ! 
I drownM my child ! And thou canst tell. 
If it was mine, *twas thine as welL 
I scarce believe, though so it seem— . 
Give me thy hand— I do not dream- 
That dear, dear hand. Alas, that spot ! 
Wipe it away, the purple clot i 
What hast thou done ? Put up thy sword ; 
It was thy Margaret's voice implored. 
Faust. Oh Margaret! let the hour be 
Forget it, or I breathe my last, 
Marg, No ; you must live till I shall 
For ^ch their separate burial-place. 
You must prepare betimes to-morrow 
Our hpme of sorrow. 
'For my poor mother keep the best ; 
My brother next to her snail rest. 
Me, Margaret, you must lay aside. 
Some space between, but not too wide* 
On the right breast my boy shall be ; 
Let no one else Ue there but he. 
'Twere bliss with him in death to lie, 
Which, on this earth, my foes deny, 
*Tis all in vain — ^you will not mind, 
And yet you look so good, so kind. 
Faust. Then be persuaded— come with 

Marg. To wander widi you ? 
Fdust. To be free. 

Marg. To death! I Itnowit— I pre* 
pare — 
I come ; the grave is yawnix^ there ! 
The grave, no fiuther — *tis our journey's 

You part. Oh I could I but your stqpa at- 
Faust, You can ! But wish it, and the 

deed is done. 
Marg. 1 may not with you ; hope for 
me is none ! 
How can I fly ? They ^arc upon me still ! 
It is so sad to beg the inde wodd through. 
And with an evU conscience too ! 
It is so sad to roam through stranger lands. 
And they will seize me with their iroi» 
hands ! 
Faust. 1 will be with you. 
Marg. Quick ! fly ! 
Save it, or tbe child will die \ 
Through the wild wood^ 
To the pond ! 
It lifts Its head ! 
The bubbles rise ! 
It breathes ! 
Oh save it, save it ! 

Faust. Reflect, reflect ! 
One step, and thou art free ! 
Marg, Had we but pass*d the hiUsids 
lone — 
My mother there sits on a stone. 
L(Nig she has sat there, cold and dead. 
Yet nodding with her weary head. 
Yet winks not, nor signs, other motion is 

She slept for so bng, that she wakes no 
Faust. Since words are vain to rouse thy 

sleeping sense, 
I venture, and with force I bear thee hence. 
Marg. Unhand me ! leave me I 1 wUl 
not consent ! 
Too much I yielded once ! too much re- 
pent ! 
Faust. Day ! Maigaret, day ! your hour 

will soon be past. 
Marg. True, ^tis the day ; the last— 
the last! 
^y bridal day !— 'twill soon appear. 
Tell it to none thou hast been here. 
We shall see one another, and soon shall 

But not at the dance will our meeting be. 
We tvro shall meet 
In the crowded street : 
The citizens throng— the press is hot. 
They talk together— I hear them not : 
The bell has toll'd- the wand they break— 
My arms they pinion till they aoie ! 
They force me down upon the chair ! 
The neck of each spectator there 
Thrills, as though itself would fed 
The headsnqan's stroke— thesweepingstaell 
And all are as dumb, with speechless pain. 
As if they never would speak again ! 

Faust. Oh, had I never lived ! 

Mephistcpheles {appears in the doorway) 




Of! or jTOor life will be but short ; 
My co iu sc rs paw the groand, and snort ! 
The son will rise, and off they bound. 

Marg, Who is it rises from the ground ! 
Tk he !— 4he evil one of fadl ! 
What would he where the holy dwell ? 
*1^ me he seeks ! 

F»uU To bid thee live. 

Marg. Justice of Heaven ! to diee my 
tool I give I 

Meph. (to FautU) 
Come ! come ! or tarry else with her to die. 

Marg. Heaven, I am thine ! to thy em- 
brace I fly ! 
Hover around, ve augd bands ! 
Save me ! defy iiim where he stands. 
Henry, I shudder ! *tis for thee. 

M^pk. She is<^(mdemnM ! 

Vtlcetfroim above. Is pardonM ! 

Mcpk. ^ Fmutt.y Hence, and flee ! 

[ VanWu* tffkh FauH. 
, Mmrg. iFrom wUhin.) Henry ! Henry ! 

We notice that Lord F. Gower lias 

S>en but a very mutilated version of 
le May-day night scene. This was 
wrong in every point of view. It de- 
stroys the poem of Groethe ; and, if his 
liocdship thought^ (which he probably 
did^ and certainly might well do,) that 
he ocrald not outstep Shelley in this — 
why not adopt the fragment at once ? 
We trust this may yet be done. As it 
is. Lord Francis has produced a work 
which must at once give him a place, 
and no mean one, among the literary 
men of his time. He must prepare 
himself for encountering somewing of 

that vulgarlmd petulant sneering, with 
which the gentfemen of the press are 
ever ready to insult the first appear- 
ance of a gentleman— still more of a 
nohleman. But all this will be of no 
avail. He has a right to be tried hj 
his literary peers, and from their dec!-* 
sion he has no reason to shrink. Mr 
Coleridge himself will not now dream 
of translating the Faust — another hand 
has done almost all that could be done 
even by him ; and the £ngliah public 
may congratulate themselves upon the 
possession of one more work worthy to 
be associated with Coleridge's Wid- 
lenstein— -worthy of being placed above 
even the best of Mr Gmies's transla^ 
tions from the German theatre-^and 
worthy of being placed above them 
for this one plain, simple reason — that 
Groethe is what Miiller, GriUparzer, 
and Oehlenshlaeger aspire to be-*^nd 
may perhaps be ere they die ; but cer- 
tainly have not as yet shewn them- 
selves to be. We hope this splendid 
example will not be lost upon Mr 
Gillies. We earnestly hope he will 
turn seriously to the true masterpieces 
of German genius, and not meddle 
with the pupils, however meritorious, 
until their great, and we half fear, 
inimitable masters have been exhaust- 
ed. Let him give us the BaiDE of 
Messina— or uie William Tell — 
or the Egmont, and take his place 
where he is entitled to be. 


Most of our readers must have seen 
the print of Gerard's picture of the bat- 
tle of Austerlitz — indeed it is on many 
a snuff-box. They may remember the 
cKvslry officer, who, with his hat off, 
and sabre broken, is galloping up to 
N^oleon, who - receives nim, sur- 
rounded by his suite. This is no 
odier than the author of the autobio* 
graphical volume now before us, the 
General Rapp himself. He was re- 
turning from the decisive charge which 
he had led in person, and which decided 
the day. " My sabre half broken," 
says he, '^ my wound, the blood with 
which I was covered, the decisive ad- 
vantage gained over the choice of the 

enemies' troops, inspired the Emperor 
at the moment with the idea of the 
picture, afterwards executed by Ge- 

Rapp was a native of Alsace; he 
early distinguished himself under De- 
saix, and was taken notice of by that 
talented general. He soon rose to fa- 
vour under Napoleon, whose esteem 
at times, and whose suspicion and dis- 
pleasure, at others, he won by a mili- 
tarv frankness and bluntness of speech. 
Whenever any of Rapp's friends fell 
into disgrace with Napdeon, the blunt 
Alsacian was sure to shew it by some 
expression of spleen or ill-timed ex- 
postulations. And he thus became 

* Mhnoires du O^niral Rapp, Aide-de-camp de Napoleon ^its par lui-m£me. 
et Loodres, 1823. 


Sapffs M €m o ir s » 


genaraOy im^otted in the nutfixw 
tiuiet of |legnier> BemadoUe^ and sub* 
seqnmlly cxf Josephine. But hie gal- 
kntry at Auiteiiitz and fiitUng, with 
tipenty and odd wounds, out«baiaBced 
hit want of flexibility widi Napoleon. 
Key and Rapp were the only geociBla, 
aaia Napoleon, that preaerved the 
haaita or stout soldiers in the retreat 
ftom Moeoow. Rapp oertainly paid 
his eoort at the TuiUeriea in 1S14, 
and in 1815 commanded the army of 
the Rhine for his old master. We 
shall see, whether the curious inter- 
▼iew, in which Napdleon won him 
oirei^ can excuse the desertion. Hebe- 
came afterwards chamberlain, or some 
audi officer about Louis the Eigh* 
teenth's person, and was on duty at 
Bi Cloud the very day that the news 
of Napoleon's death arrived in Paris ; 
the Teteran, summoned suddenly be* 
i6ie the King, made his appearance in ' 
nndissembled tears: — '* Go, Rapp>'' 
said the Monarch, '^ I honour you for 
this tribute to your <Ad master. ' 
These memoirs, seemingly excited 

5f the uhra calumnies against the Ex* 
mperor, which they commence with 
answering, are sketched by the bold 
and hurried hand of an old soldier. 
He represents Napoleon as mild, ten« 
der, and scarcely ever inexorable in 
matters of lifb and death. He relates 
many instances of suceessful interfe- 
rence in such cases, but allows that 
he was often driven into excesses by 
die servile adulations of the court. 
He represents him as open to advice, 
even to remonstrance, though intole- 
rant of the common-place arsuments, 
whidi his relations espeeially woa»- 
limeB pes t e r ed him with. 

^ FsBch was abont to rcoHMMtirate with 
him one day on the war in Spain. He bad 
not ntterea two woids, wlia Napoleon, 
dfawing towards the window, asked, ^ Do 
-you see that star ?* — ^It was broad day. — 
< No,* replied the archbishop.—* Well, 
as long as I alone can perceive it, I follow 
my plan, and sufl^ no observations.* ** 

The following anecdote, though no- 
thitig in itself, may account lor the 
con^sdictions and contrary reports 
about the Emperor^s apathy of fbel- 
injg, on which point the author of 
Cmld Harold, and the Quarterly Re- 
view, are at issue : 

• *^ On his return from the Russian cam- 
paign, he was deploring with deep emo- 
tion, the death of so many gallant soldiers, 
moved down, not t^ the Cossacks* bat by 
oold and hunocr. A courtier seeking to 
put in bis word, added, with a pitiful tone 
— .* We have indeed snfieted a great loss.* 

—« Yes,' rqoined Nspoleol^ ^ Madam 
Baiilli, the singer, la dead.* ** 

He mystified indiscretion, says B«|»p» 
but repulsed neither pleasantry ner 

After some chspters devoted to the 
character of Napoleon, and to'aneo- 
dotea concerning him, the Memoira 
proceed with the " Thbd War of 
Austria," when, all hopes of invadiiu; 
our island beinff at an ^, the Fren^ 
succeeded in snutting up Mack with 
the remains of his army in Uhn. Se- 
gur's account of the surrender is ex- 
ceedingly interesting ; the getting pos- 
session of the bridge over we Danube 
at Vienna is one of Ihe best moroeaus 
of Ranp'a hooka, and ahews how ef- 
fectually Buonaparte was seconded by 
the dexterity and courage of h«i gc^ 

^^ We were marching on the traces of 
the enemy*8 rear-guanL It would have 
been easy for us to have routed it, but we 
knew better. The object wm to deoetve 
them into an abatement of vigOanott we 
never pushed them, bat, on the oflotMay, 
spread about reports of approaflhing peace. 
We permitted iioope and baggage lo o^ 
eape ; a few men were of little imporlanoe 
in comparison with the presarvatioo of the 
bridges. Once broken, we would have bad 
the whole campaign to 6ght over again. 
Austria was assembling fraih forces, Prus- 
sia was throwing off the mask ; and Russim 
presented herself prepared for action with 
all the res ou rce s of these two powers. The 
possession of the bridges was a vtctery, 
and one only to be obtained by surprise. 
We took oar measures in consequence. 
The troops stationed on the route wero for- 
bidden to give the least demonstration that 
might create alarm ( no one was permittad 
to enter Vienna. When everjrtning had 
been seen, and examined, the Grand Duke 
took possession of that capital, charging 
Lannes and Bertrand to make a strong 
reamnoUfance on the river. These Mm 
oflloers were Mlowed by die Tenth Hm> 
ears. They ftrand at the gates of the Fait- 
kmrg a post of Aaatrian cavalry. These 
had been no fighting for tfareedisjFsi there 
was a kind of suspension of arms oo both 
sides. Lannes and Bertrand address the 
commandant, oiter into conversation with 
him, attach thonselves to his steps, nOr 
leave him for a moment. Arrived at the 
borders of the river, thef deteankie to fol- 
low him forthert the Austrian Mws as. 
gry : theydemand to speak widi the oCeSr 
eommaoding the troops on the left side tf 
the river. Ue suffers them to proceed, but 
without any of their hussurs ; the Tenih 
ate obliged to take op a positioB. In the 
meantime oortroopaavived, conducted bj 
the Grand Duke (Murat) and Iiannea. 
The bridge was jet untooded, but the 


Rtifpt MetHoirs. 

vcM kid, die eu m m i e tn held the 
Mutrhft titft least vrocannce of endea* 
naiag to mi by mce hod rmned the 
fHwprige. It WIS neoeiaary to trick them, 
■d oie baiihommie of the Austriaot gave 
Mthemeeoe. The two manhab alighted, 
Ittked the oohmm, and oidefed but a rery 
maD detachment to advance and establish 
themselves on the bri^ke. Qeneral Bel- 
Isrd then advanced, walrang with his hands 
bdiind his back, accompanied by two of* 
teen ot his staff. Lannes joined him with 
0iun ; they west, and came, talked, and 
ivm ve atui ed into the middle of the Ana- 
tons. The commaoder of the post at 
iM leftMid to receive them, but he yield- 
ed St last, and conversation waa establish- 
ed kstwesB them. They repeated to him 
vhst Benrand had alnMidy said, that the 
acgotiatiofis advanced, that the war waa 
filched. « Why,* said the Marshal, 
' bold your cannons pointed againBt us ? 
Bavasft we had enough of blood, of corn- 
ban ? Do yen wish to attack us, to pto- 
Ing the evila of war, severer for yon than 
kf oa. Come, no more provocation ; torn 
fsor pieces.' Half oonvinced, half over- 
bsnwi, the oonmiandaint obeyed, the artil- 
)mj was turned on the Austeians, and the 
snns piled wp. 

^ Daring these arguments, the small bo* 
df of the vanguard advanced slowfy, mask- 
■g s^ipera and artillerymen, whe threw 
te es mUua tible matters into the stream, 
)sn«d water oa the powder, and cut the 
tnias. The Austrian, too ignorant of our 
hagiMige t» take modi interest in the oon- 
nnaciao, soon perceived that the troops 
piaed ground, and endeavoured to make 
m esmdMfid that tMa was wrong, that 
hawMld not siriftr it. Lannes and Bel- 
IM tried to raassotehim ; they told him, 
it was b«t the cold that oude the soldieia 
■sik step, in order to warm their feet 
fhe estaaui;, however, mU approached, it 
kadpiBiad three-fburths cf the bridge—the 
sfiocr lost patience, and ordoed hu troops 
irlNk The troop ran to arms — the pieces 
ear pointed — the position was toriUe ; 
«idi a Mttte leas pretence of mind, the 
W i |u waa in Ae air, o«r sddiers in the 
wes, and the whole campaign comprow 
ime^ B»t the Auatrian had to do with 
BMnnot so earih' diae dncc r te d. Marshal 
Lttoea took hold of him on one side, 6e- 
netal fidliaid seized him on the others 
diey diake him, menace, shout, prevented 
lih being heard. In the meantime Prince 
d'Af asp e tg arrivea, accompanied by Ge- 
Mnl Bcrtranl An officer ruAs to ac- 
^BftiBt Mmat with the state of things, and 
it fsas Che order to the traops to hasten 
Ihnrsiepu The Marshal advances to Aver* 
ipsig, comphiiis of the commander of the 
pM, drmands that he he replaced, and sent 
<ff firom the rear^^uard, where he might 
tSMiUe the ncgotiatioaa* Aversperg is de- 
Ue argnea, approvea, contradicts. 


and loess time in a vain diseniaioD* Our 
troops profit by the time, thi^ arrive, ez>. 
pand, aoid the bridge is ours,** &c 

The Memoirs dcetcfa Uvelily and ra- 
pidly the victories of Aust^lita Mid 
Jena^ and liifdily desoribe the diagoal 
of the French aoldier in P<dand :-*- 

** Quatre mots constituaient, pour enx, 
toot l*SdiomePolenaiB: Kkbaf KTiemat 
TOTA? sara: — Breads There' t mm* 
PFiaier9 Ym thaU have it, €*ltait Id 
to«te la Pdogneb" 

The diflHke and horror of the French 
at passing the Vistula, amonnted^ in- 
deed, almost to a presentiment, a pro- 
phetic feeling of their sufferings in 
Rtiasia. Meantime, peace was con- 
cluded at Tilsit. Napdeon went t^ 
Spain, but was soon compelled to r^ 
turn by the Wavering fttth of the 
North. But ^e fiMDoe of WeUingtim'B 
▼ietories soon followed him— 4he In- 
irlncibles retreated— were moweddowit 
by our forces — and English exampte 
wrought as much against Napoleon in 
the N6rth, as their arms in the South. 

^' The reports, the disasters 'of Bayleh 
gave Napoleon A-esh doubts on the conduct 
of Prussia. He diarged me to redouble 
my vigilance; ^ Spare nothing to the Pm^ 
sians,* he wrote m^ *• they mnst not raise 
their heads more.* 

^ The news of the ill sncoess which wt 
met with in the Peninsula, sptesd itaetf 
immediately over Germany s they awaken- 
ed new hopes, every breast was in fermen- 
tation. I forwarded accounts to Napoleon t 
but he cBd not like to be reminded of un- 
pleasant oocnrrenees, much less whes they 
mretold a more disastrous future. * The 
Germans are not Spaniards,' replied he; 
* the phlegmatic character of the Oennaii 
has nothing in common with that (^ the 
ferocious Catalonians.*** 

In opposition to the opinion of all 
hm counseUors, military or civilian, 
Buonaparte entered Russia. We all 
know the consequences. Ranp recei- 
ved four wounds in the battle of the 
Moskwa, and lay sick when the flames 
of Moscow began ; five or six times he 
dislodged to escape the flames. He 
gives a lively picture of the scene.— 
The noise, the hurry, the conflagra- 
tion, the sane even affrighted, and the 
litters of the wounded generals meet- 
ing here 'and there, as they were 
dragged in search of a secure spot. 
Rapp, however, survived, and in the 
retreat was dispatched by Napoleon to 
take the command of Dantzic. Here 
he supported a long siege, but at 
length surrendered, and was carried 
prisoner into Russia. He returned to 


Rapps Memoin. 


the TuUkries in 1814^ and founds at 
he says, that the enemy had invaded 
everything. He meets many of his 
suhalterns in fa^oor^ who regard the 
veteran de haul en bos. Of one of these 
gentry, he gives an ahecdote, cnrious* 
ly descriptive of French life : 

*^ J*eQ renoontrais im troisi^nie, qatlna 
preseaee ne mit dm i Vnat* Attach^ 
autrefois a Josephine, il avait fait preuve 
d*une pr^voyance v^ritablement exquise: 
afin d*kre en mesure oofttre let eas ini- 
pr^vufl qui pouvaiant surveuir daua les pro- 
menade* et les voyages, il s^^tait muni a*an 
vase de vermeil, qu*il portait constamment 
8ur iui. Quand la circonstance rexigeait, 
il le tirait de sa poche, le pri^sentait, le re- 
prenait, le vidalt, Tessuyait, et le serrait 
avec floln. C*etait avoir Finstinct de la do- 

*^ But all these preur^'** sayt Rapp, *' so 
iCBger for money, decoration, and com- 
maDdments, soon gave sample of their 
courage. Napoleon iqppearea, they were 
.edipud. They besieged Louis XVI IL, 
tbe dispenser of favours ; they had not a 
match to burn for Louis XVIII. unfor- 

We shall not trouhle our readers 
with more of General Bapp^ with the 
exception of the following dialogue, 
which todc place between him and 
Napoleon. When the latter returned 
in 1815, he sent for Rapp, who made 
his appearance. / 

^^ Napoleon, There you are, General 
Rap^ * you hate been wanting. Whence 
came you? 

Rapp, From Eoouen, where I have i^ 
my troops at the dispoukion of the nunister 
of war. 

Nap, Do yon really intend fighting 
against me? 

Rapp, Yes, sire. 

Nap, The devil ! Dare you draw upon 

Rapp, Without doubt — My duty — -^' 

Nap, 'Tis too much. But your soldiers 
would not have obeyed you. I tell you, 
the peasants of your native Alsace would 
have stoned you, were you guilty of such a 

Rapp. Allow, sire, that the position is 
'painful ; you abdicate, 3rou depart, you en- 
'gage us to serve the King ; you return — 
•AU the force even of old remembrances 
cannot even deceive u s 

Nap, How ? What would you say ? 
Think you I return without aliiance, wiA- 
out agreement ? And, besides, my system 
is changed — no more of wars or conquests 
T-I wit% to rdgn in peace, and bring hap- 
piness to my subjects* 

Rapp, You say 10 ; but your anti-cham- 
bert are fuU of those compUAtantt^ who 
have always flattered your inclination for 

Nap, Bah! Bah! experience will— - 
but went you o£^ to tbe Tuilleries ? 

Rapp*. Sometimes, sire. 

Nap, How did those folks treat you ? 

Rapp. I could not complain. 

Nap, Did the king receive 3rou well on 
your return from Russia ? 

Rapp. Certainly, sire. 

Nap. Doubtless. First cajoled, then 
sent adrift* 'Twas what awaited you all ( 
Ibr, in fine, you were not their men. 

Rapp, The King at leas^ cleared Fnnoe 
of the Allies. 

. Nap, At what price ? And his engage- 
ments, has he kept them ? Why did ne 
not hang Ferrand for his speedi on na- 
tional properties ? It is that — it is the in- 
solence of the priests and nobles that has 
made me leave Elba. I cotild have arrived 
with three millions c»f peasantry, who ran 
to offer me their services. But I was sura 
of not finding resiscanoe before Pans. The 
Bourbons are lucky that I have returned ; 
without me afiairs had finished by a terri- 
ble revolution. Have you seen the paov- 
phlet of Chateaubriand, which does not even 

Sant me courage on the field of battle ? 
ave 3rou ever seen me amidst the fire ? 
Am I a coward ? 

Rapp, I have partaken of the same in- 
dignation with all honourable men, at an 
accusation as unjust as it is base. 

Nap, Saw you ever the Duke of Or- 

R^pp, But once. 

iNTop. It is he that has tact and conduct. 
The others are ill<.>sunounded, ill-coun- 
selled. They hate me. They are abont.M> 
be more furious than ever. They have 
Vherewith. 1 am arrived without striking 
a blow. It is noi^ they'll cry out upcm my 
ambition ; it is the eternal repronch ; they 
know nothing else to say. 

Rapp. They are not alone in charging 
you with ambition* 

Nap, How ? Am I ambitious, I ? Jfft^. 
on gro9 comme moi quand onade PamAU 
Hon ^ Are men fat^ like me, when 4aef 
are ambitious ? (and he struck his two 
hands with violence upon his belly.*') 

Beyond this argumerUum ad sto^ 
macfmni, we cannot quote another line* 
It is too good, and so staggered poor 
Rapp, that he took the command of 
the army of the Rhine from Napoleon, 
and scarce had joined it, when the 
news of Waterloo and its conseqnencea 
shattered his new hopes, and set hia 
army in mutiny against him. 


ISta.;] li^Um ^H of doming. No. IT. 4S 


No. IV. 


Of ike Hoax ofHoaxes, practised Zry Loretao de Medici vpon ^atier Manente 
ike PkjfsicioM, and tfihe many rare and diveriing Oceurrenoet which proceed* 
edjrom iL 

The iolDawiag Tale poBsessea, on many aoeoantSy very peculiar merit— flnt, 
at eshilntiog a pictorey or rather a series of pictnrea^ of national manners and 
ffiftoma, not exceeded in liyeUness and fidelity by those vi^ich mre presented 
to us in that invaluable repository of Oriental portraiturei the Arabian Nights' 
EntertainmentB^ to which it will also strike the reader as bearinj^ no little af- 
finity in the xesembhuice between its hero> Lorenzo de Medici (commonly 
cdled the Magnificent^) and the Caliph Haroun Alraschid^ a name so fiuniliar- 
]y interwoven with all our recollections of childhood, by its frequent occur- 
lenoe in that delightful store-house of fiction. Secondly, It is no less worthy 
•f Dodee on aecount of the new light which it casta on the character of that 
hero, whom his illuatrioua £iu;li8h biographer has certainly omitted to repre- 
sent to ua in this view of his mturea. And lastly, it afibrds a very wide field 
ftr reflection, when it leads ua to consider to what an extent, even under the 
fimna of a popular and democratic government, the middling and lower classes 
af society were held as lawful subjects for the jest and diversion of the great, 
when 80 popular a chief as Lorenso made no scruple of playing his favourite 

eyBcian a triclc, which cost him his liberty and his honour, and exposed his 
i and reason to the utmost peril, for no cause more iust than that he was 
9fi to make too fkee use of his bottle, especially when he could contrive to do 
ao at a friend's expense. The treatment sustained by the worthy knight of 
ha Mancha, at the hands of the unfeeling grandees of Spain, to whom he had 
the miafoitune oi becoming a laughing-stock, bears some analogy, (in that re- 
ipeet at least) to the present story ; out I will not conclude these prefatory 
remarks without repeating, that it seems impossible to regard the tale as a mere 
fiction, or otherwise than aa a narrative (perhaps highly coloured") of some real 
oeenrrences, the account of which was in general circulation at tne time when 
ihe anthor composed it, that is, not more wan fifly years after the death of the 
Boat distinguished personage whose name is mentioned in it. 

Tlie diatinction of " Lorenzail Vecchio," or The Elder, by which the hero 
of |he Jest is identified, led me once to imagine that another Lorenzo (the bro- 
tha of Comno, sumamed Parens Patrie,) was here intended ; and the epithet 
" n Magnifico" assigned to him, would not alone have disproved the supposi- 
tioo, but have only confirmed the truth of an undeniable assertion, made by 
&inondi, and somewhat petulantly called in question by Hoscoe, that the ap- 

gation itself was no other than an honorary mark of distinction, conferred in- 
riminatdy on persons illustrious by birth or office. However, the mention 
of the " Selve d'Amore," (an undoubted work of the LorenBO whom we usu- 
ally distinguish by the name of the Magnificent,) seems to prove that no 
other than he was the person here meant to be referred to ; ana the phrase of 
" n Vecdiio" applied to him, must therefore be taken in oontradistmction to 
a third JLorenio, (commonly called Lorenzino,) the aasasiin of the first Duke 


daditlo had arrived at the coiithili<ai of hia w^ with whish-he had not 
a Httle Te}oloed and enlivened his auditory, when Amaxantha^ to irhnm alone 
wow ranained the task of pitying the eroect ed tribaie, th«s^ iweetly anrilinft 
began — ^ I deaign, moat fair ladiee, andTMitle atra, to relate to you an apeci^ 
dace ai niyitification, which, albeit not broug^ to perfection under the goU 
tooe of Scbeggia, or Zoroastro, or Any other of the great maatera of the art 
already notioeoTl humbly opine that you will think no less worthy of admi- 
latioB, nor lesa^urtlfieially contriyed and executed, than any which you haye 

Vol. XIV. F 

M ItaMan Art of Hoaaing. No. IF. QJttly* 

had already recounted to you. It is one which was practised by the Magni- 
fico^ Lorenso the Elder^ upon a certain physician, one of the most arrogant 
and assuming that the world ever witneMeo. In the which so many strange 

acddentB intervened, and such various chances were given birth to, that, if you 
ever in your lives were moved to surprise or laughter, you will now find mat* 
ter for both, to your hearts' content. 

Lorenzo, the elder de' M Aid (as it caused two of his most faithfbl grooms 
behoves you to know, ) was (if ever to be sent fbr to his chtfnber, 9nd gave 
there was in this world) a man, not them instructions how they were to 
only endowed with all manner of vir- proceed ; who, accordingly, well hood- 
tue and excellence, but a lover and re- ed and disguised, salliea forth from 
warder of virtue in others, and that in the palace, and went (by J..orenzo'a 
the hifi;hest degree imaginable. In his commission ) to the place of St Mar- 
days there dwelt at Florence a certain tin, where they founa the sleeper still 
physician, by name Master Manente snoring most musically, whom their 
defla Pl^ve, who practised both physic first phced on his 1^, then mufflea 
ind surgery, but was more of a prac- him, and, laying him like a wallet 
titioner than a man of science ; one, across their shoulders, took him away 
in truth, of much humour and plea- with them. 

santry, but so impertinent and assu- The poor physician, finding himself 

ining, that there was no bearing him. thus treated, full surely imagined that 

Amongst his other Qualifications, he he was in the hands of some of hia 

was a great lover of tne bottle, a hard own companions, and so quietly suf* 

drinker, and one who made it his boast fered himself to be ushereil, by a back 

that he was a consummate judce of door of the palace of the Medici, into 

good wine; and freauently, without the presence of the Magnifioo, who 

being invited, would ne po of his own was alone, waiting with incredible im<« 

accord to dine or sup with the Mag- patience Uie return of his messengers, 

nifico, who at length conceived such a and who now directed them to carry 

dislike pf him by reason of his perpe- their load into a remote upper apart- 

tual intrusivencss and impertinence, ment, where, having deposited him on 

that he could not endure his d^ht, and a feather-bed, they stripped him to 

deliberated within himself in what his shirt, (he knowing no more of the 

manner he mi^ht play such a trick matter than if he had been a dead 

upon him as might effectuany prevent man,) and, taking awav with them 

him from repeating his usual annoy- all his habiliments, left him securely 

ances. It happened that, one after- locked up in his new lodgings, 

noon among others, the aforesaid Mas- Lorenzo's next concern was to send 

ter Manente, having been drinking at for the bufibon Monaco — a persona^ 

the tavern, colled Delle Bertucce, remarkably well skilled in counterfeit- 

(which was his favourite haunt,) had ing voices— whom, having first made 

made himself so intoxicated, that he him exchange his own clothes for those 

could scarcdy stand ; and mine host, of the physician, and given him the 

when it came to shutting-up time, necessary directions, he dispatched, 

daused him to be carried on boys' just as the bells were ringinff for ma^ 

shoulders out into the street, and laid tins, to Master Manente's nouse in 

along on one of the benches in St the street de' Fossi. It was in the 

Martin's market-place, where he fell month of September, and the physi- 

so sound asleep that a discharge of cian's family (consisting of a wi£e, an 

cannon would not have awakened nim. infant son, and a servant-maid,) weiie 

By some chance Lorenzo was made residing at hia country-house in the 

acquainted wiUi this accident, and. Myelin, while he himself remained 

thinking it a most favourable oppor- at Florence, but was never to be found 

tanity for the aocoinplishmeiit m bis at home except at night when h6 re- 

imject, be pretended to pay no atten- turned to sleep, making it his constant 

;tion to the person who was his infer- practice to dine either at a tavern, 

mant, Imt feigning a desire to go to with his bopn coropanion^, or dae at 

sleep, (it being auready far advanced his friends' houses ; insomuch, Uitt 

tovrards midni^t, and he at all times Monaco, having foimd the house key 

a little sleeper, making it his oofistant in the owner's pocket, easily let him* 

habit to stay up till about that hour,) . self in, juid, in great g^ee at the tbeugbl 

188S0 lUdtttn Art 0f Hoaxing. No. If. ^^ 

of atODce hoftxing die doctor^ and gra- should be sought for to have charse of 
ttfying the humour of die Magnifico^ the dck inan, and told Nicoolajo where 
kid him down on Master Manente's he might find such a person^ in the 
bed, and went to. sleep. It was nine hospital of St Maria Nuova. To the 
o'dodL befbre he woke, and then^ ha- hospital Niccolajo accordingly went, 
▼iDg dressed himself again in Ma- and found the person in quesdop, who 
aente's clothes, and assuming the had already been instructed as to the 
masler^a Toiee, he called out of the part he had to perform ; and who, ha- 
midow of the court-yard to atfemale ring undertaken the office, entered the 
neighbour who dwelt opposite, sayins house forthwith, (by the aid of a lock- 
that he felt himself very unweU, with smith,) and shortly afterwards opened 
a pain in his throat, wluch he had ac- one of the windows, and called out to 
eoraingly wn^tpedin a woollen hand- inform the by-stauders, that Master 
kerchief. * Manente had, in good sooth, a plague- 
Now there was at this dme great boil on his throat as big as a peach; 
lear of the plague at Florence, where and was already lying at death's door. 
soae symptoms had already discover- Upon hearing this, Lorenzo gave or- 
ed themselves ; so that the good wo- ders that the attendant should be sup- 
man, dreading what m^ht follow,' plied, through the window, with food 
asked him, in great trepioation, what and all other necessaries, and then de- 
he ra%ht please to want of her ? To parted, with great shew of grief and 
whom he answered, that he begged for affliction ; while the attendant, having 
a eouple of new-laid eggs, and a little received die supply of provisions, do- 
fire; and then, pretend&g that he was sed the window again, and, in com,- 
too iU to support himself, withdrew pany with the pretended dying man,' 
from die window. The good woman made good cheer on the victuals which 
made haste to provide what he want- Were sent him, to which they added a 
ej, and called to him as loudly as she flask or two of the choicest wine which 
was able, to tell him that she bad pla- the doctor had in his cellar, 
eed the articles at the door of his house. While these things were going on, 
and that he must come and fetch theni die poor abused doctor, having slept 
— die which he did accordingly — at away a whole day and night, at length 
die same tfane esdribiting to the by- a'woke, and finding himsdf in bed, and 
standers the appearance of a person in the dark, could not imagine what 
scaredy aUe to totter along through place he had come to, but, calling to 
exhaostion, widi his mouth abd throat mind what had passed before he lost 
amflled up, and altogether so nidable his powers of recollection, persuaded 
an ol]rject, that all who beheld him himself that, having been drinking 
were forced to believe that he was in with his firiends at the Bertucce, and 
the worst stage of the dreaded dis- become intoxicated, they had carried 
crder. him back to his own house, as had not 
The rumour soon spread through unfreqnently before happened to biro. 
die dty ; and a brother of Master He therefore got out of bed under this 
Manente's wife] (a goldsmith by trade impression, and groped his way to 
— 4>y name Niccolajo,) came running where lie expected to have found the 
figrthwith to know now the matter vnndow, where finding none, he was 
really aCood. He knocked, and knock- in utter amazement ; and, after some 
ed again, without receiving an answer, vain effi>rts to enlighten himself, not 
but was assured by aU the neighbours, having been able to ascertain the place 
thM the poor doctor^s was, without of either door or window in the apart- 
doliht, a lost case. Just at this mo- ment, he finished by returning to bed 
ment Lorenzo rode b^ the spot on again, where he lav in stupid wonder, 
hecsebadt, (as if by acadent,) attend- and, although half famished, afraid to 
ed by a numerous troop of gentlemen, call out, not knowing what mischief 
and, obsorving the crowd collected might follow. 
rotmd the door, asked what it meant. Lorenzo, in the meantime, proceed- 
Tbe goldamidi replied, that he was ing with the management of the dra- 

r-m-law. Master Ma- ma, ordered the two grooms, who had 

aeiM^ was attacked by the plague, and before been employed by him in this 

rekted dl he had heard on the subject. Service, to disguise themselves as white 

Upon this, th« M^gnifloo gave imme^ Ariars, widi long hoods on their heads, 

diate ^ra^ons tliaisome m attendant and girinning Carnival masks on their 

40 JkOiatiAriofMiKuciiig. i^JP\ ^fiOsfi 

6oet; ^d>t1|iH$ceoQtTe4.beCitiMi cofiie^]ui^wU];lf£iaidimfiedti>aia^ 

one of them UK9xm himaeifwitb n na-^ I il^all at lea^l. bvre tW. ■•tiafhcli^of 

lud jiwojrd in th^ (me han^, and a dying urith my belly fidl/' S^m^ym^ 

lighted tor A in the other, while the he fell to wi^ macveUoui^ appietUcb 

aeoond cAi^ried two flasks of excellent and, hairing oonaniBed the be^t part 

wine> two Io^t69 of bread in a napkin>. of the* prt^vision which waa laid bmrt 

two cold cappnsy with a piece of roast- him, and carefully wr^ped up in th^ 

ed veal^ and the proper frnits of the napkin, and stowed away> the xmtriBim 

season, with whicn ttiey proceeded in der, to. sefve for a ftiture eraeig#nc(y« 

silence to the docttnr's apartment. The finding nothing better to be done^ mA 

door being locked on the outside, they flattering him8elf> (iu the beatitude of 

oi^ed it with a loud noise, and toth- a well-fiUed stomaca) with tho bdic^ 

withentared — the man with the sword that it waa a mere trick of aome of hi^ 

and torch keeping guard before the companions, who would soon retnm t0 

door> to mvent the escape of the pri- leleaae fchp, he wrat kito bad wdn, 

aoner, while, the otheVj advancing to where he ^r fbr tome time^ thinfcing 

the middle of the room, skiwly spread upon the grinning vBiasks which haa 

has napkin upon a little table which aalnted bias, till the very ihonglijt of 

stood there, and placed the provisions them made hin^ laugh inwardly, «ii4 

in order. at last Mk asleep as soundly as bafiirab 

Aa soon as Matter Manente heard £arly the next morning, the atten* 

the door open, he started up in hia dant mmi the hospital threw open tfa« 

hedt inten&ig to run out immediate- doctor's window, and, in a kna yoist^ 

ly--but no sooner did he behold the proclaimed to the oe^hbours, that hii 

strange figures of those who entered, patient had passed a good night ; thai 

than fear overcame him, and not si the boil had come to a head with tilt 

word waa he able to utter. Seeing the help of poultices ; and that he eattxhf 

sword and torch, he expected uttle tained s^iod hopes of his recovery. So 

short of instant death ; but a glimpse paaaed the day without fhvther inqnirji 

of the victuals somewhat revived lum, and, towtrda evening, the Magmlleo 

and he sat patiently for a minu^te white made known to his coadjutors, ttiet am 

the table was spread ; but, when that excellent qpportunity had presented it« 

was accomplished, and the dumb friar, self for carrying on the jeat, by the aftt 

by signs, invited him to partake, bun* eidental death of a certain yovna jBily 

ger at once became more strong than lant, named FrancMno, who had ndl» 

any other feeling, and, le&pii^ out of en fnm his horse and lyxiken hia ned^ 

bed, he rushed voraciously to the in the square of St Maria NoveUst, and 

spot, vdthout anything on him but had been kid out for interment, anil 

his shirt, till the attendant pointing buried that same evenhig, bv the frian 

to a dressing-gown and sliroers which of the monast^, in one or the iMnllte 

were placed on a chair besiae him, he wi^out-side the principal entranee im 

accepted the invitation to clothe him- their church. As soonaathisopcurrenoe 

self m them ; then, taking his seat at was made known to them, togeth^viridt 

the table. Mi to work with as keen- an what veaa L<»enso's pleasure as to ^Ml 

appetite, as if he had totallv foi]gotten prosecution of the adventure, they be* 

the surprising nature of the drcum- gan to give efl^ to it by the ho^iiiel 

stances In which he waa placed. The servant, in the first place, going iigpbn 

attendants, seeing him thus occupied* to the window, and dedaring, in doto* 

quitted the apartment with the like reus accaits, that the disease had tai» 

speed and silence aa ihey had entered ken a new turn, and thtf ylag ne b eW 

it, and, kavinff him without lig^t as so much increased, that poor Mepm^ 

before, locked tne door after them, and waa almost dioked by it, m^ ^vngr 

went to relate the success (Mf their mis* unable eitii^ to eat or wpetk* Upeii 

aicm to the Magnifioo. The doctor^ this^thegold8mitl^Nicc^a|%beoiuvi9 

meanwhile, found that hunger (like venranxious that he ^ould have som^ 

love) can seo in the dark : and the boov sent to him, to make hie laat 

mere touch and smell of thoiK good vrilT and testament ; but he was an* 

.victuals, and those delicious wine- sweredthnt the thing wa» impossible 

fiaaks, nve him such spirits, that he for that night, but fie might return 

said to nimself, ^' It is well; Master the next merninfl^ when meamuft 

^danente— things are not sett so des* miAt be taken far aecQmp1ithln|^itg 

perate 88 they might haire been ; sendi tnd ete fi»r eonlMni tl»e petieot* 

ia«^3 liM^j^ of MmuAig* Mb. jr. . «y 

ani tdmhhlrti^ H kite tb» wma^ did in tht most aooAiiig tenm iB»t 

ID<Ptt WMi lki« Ae goldaniith was giaable, reooioiDending'to hec to te* 

shHy^ foe the finWMt to rest sstisfi** main With her jrotrng son in the coon* 

«^ aikl i^hen tas crowd had disper^ try^ and'leaye it to himself to settle 

asd* tlie Megnideo's twnc grooms, who me affldrs of the deceased in Fkraice; 

h^ Wn aant to dasinter. the hody of which was arranged accordingly. ' 

tiie nn^artmiate FrancmuiOy hronf^t Five or six days had now passed 

i^aecratly to the doctor's hoose^ where away> durins which they never fiuled 
Mo— CO 99A his sMndant u secretly to provide the physician with a plen* 

, ^ ived it ; and, havag so done> wrap* tif ul meal every morning and eveiiinc^ 

pad it caiefiilly in • new linen shroud, served up by the same men in hpoof 

(gud its thmli wiUi bandages, which and masks, as on the first day of his 

tlief had pievi«>iuly dipped m plague* imprisonment. At last, one momin^i^ 

belaboured the fiioe with fbm: hours before day-break, these 

iktaagf and Uow% so as to make it same obsequious valets, dressed aa be« 

leak swoUen and livid, and laid it out fore, opened the door of his apartment, 

a«ia table in the basement story, with by command of the Magniflco, and 

« heiuiel on ita head, which, was well loade the poor doctor get up, and slijl 

known to be one usually worn by the on an under-fparment of red nuruar* 

dactor enenliyn occasions, and strewn tone, with a pair of long manner^ 

witk oraoge-QOwera* snd then went to boots of the same materials, and a hat 

bsd» after again ddsking and laughing d la Grecque on his head. Thev then 

Hyther heartUy. muffled him in a doek, so that oe was 

. It was •• sooner morning, than the not able to see, led him out ef his 

sOendagr cam more opened the csse-i chamber, and conducted him into the 

mn^ and, with abundance of tears, oourt-yard, trembling all over ftom 

fraclaiwied to the ndghbours and pas-i fright, as if he had had the quartan 

asMOM^ how MaatocManente had, just ague. There they lifted him from the 

alth#^im of day-bceak, departed from sround, placed him in a covered litter 

this pneaent UXc ; ao that, in an bonr'a drawn hy two mules, and set forward 

tamcv the newahisd spread throughout on their journey by the gate of La 

fkapoee, mad tlie.broiher-ini>law near"» Croce, the same two grooms leading 

ipg itk ran to the apot, and was sc« Uie way on horseback, in their ordU 

%9Hmited by the attendant with the nary habits. Master Manente, as 

■iiilfnded particulars.. Seeing that soon as he felt the motion of the caiw 

ibcie vsa now no remedy, the next riage, was seized with new wondei 

Itop was to take instant measures ihr and consternation. The voices of thtf 

hie intonRfUt; and, for this purpose, country people, and noise of aaimala 

iktt goldsmith ftiat aye the requisite which they hesrd, as day advanced 

information to the ooard of health, upon them, convinced him that it was 

by whom the funeral waa directed to not a dream. He bethought himseU| 

take plaoe with evesy proper precau- however, of all things tlutt appeared 

lio^. Those to. whom the charf;e of most favourable in the singular cir« 

Wisfisving the corpse was committed, enmstances of his present condition, 

esold not help rwnarking thegreatal« and allowed himself to be comforted. 

Isiation of foalnre. l&a, however. Meanwhile, not a word was uttered hw 

waa ayributed entiielv to the disorder either of his conductors, loud enongn 

ef which he die4> and note doubt oo« for him to hear. They stopped in the 

evned to any of ihem, or to any of a course of the day to take reneshmentiL 

VpncpoDa crowd of hystandera, who and at last, about biidnioht, arrivea 

Meed oa at a respectful distance, at the Hermitage of CamsIdoU, whcrd 

smeUieg at swee^ herbs and vinegar, thev were gladly received ai^d welcom- 

vHiile tho body waa tumbled into the &i by the Father Guardian, and con« 

int vault whieh thejr fonnd open, ducted by him, through his own cdOL 

head foremeet. Nor ia it to be doubts to an antichamb^ adjominff, and 

e4 Aot Master Manente's finr bonnet, thence to a sort of study, whion again 

V&flh waa well known to everybody <^ned into a little parlour, the win- 

pnwnj gaeatl^ helped the iUuskm. dow of which had been walled tlfy 

Thefruaeialhetng over, thegdldsmith, and which waa fhmishcd with a small 

MiaQaliri^ tQpk upon hiauetf the for- truckl»«bed,adeak,andalsble. This 

ter SM^ fd nconainting hia sialcv last mentioned chamber was situate on 

vitii^. the^monmrol evenl^ which hs the briiA of a moat deep and 

46 lialian AH of Hoaxing. No. IF. ' Z^^Y^ 

precipice, inacoeidble firom without to existence. Metawliiky oertak damet- 

both man and beast, ftr remote withal tic events occurred, which (we Win 

from any inhabited part of the con- charitably suppose) had not beoi at 

Tent, and where not a sound was ever all in the contemplation of the 'Mjnga^ 

heard, except of wind and thunder, fico when he projected this memorable 

and now and then of a distant beU mystification. The supposed widow, 

tolling for Ave-Mary, and mass, or after mourning for six months with 

calling the brethren together to their the most exemplary patience, was, at 

meals. This place was judged by the the end of that period, persuaded to 

two conductors exactly suited to their bestow her hand, t<M;ether with, the 

purpose. So they went back to the possessions she had &nved from her 

Court-yard where they had left their late husband, upon a iHend of her 

unfortunate victim still locked up in brother, by name Michel Aogelp, who 

the litter, from which they drew him was also a goldsmith, with whom she 

forth, half dead with hunger and now resid^ at Florence, in Master 

U^rst, no less than with terror, s^nd Manente's house, in all joy and festi- 

conveyed him, with scarce a sign of vity, and was r^rted to be slretdy 

knowledge or understanding, to the in a fair way of increasing the ftmfly^ 

habitation assigned him. They then establishment 

once more accoutred themselves in Things were in this stat^ when Lo-^ 

their former habiliments, with the renzo, on his return to Florenee, meet- 

drawn sword and torch and grinning ing accidentally a monk o£ Camakb- 

masks, which were now so familiar to li, who had journeyed thither after 

their captive, that he felt as much joy certain purposes relating to his oon* 

at the sight of them as of some long- vent, was suddenly reminded by the 

lost friend and acquaintance, more sieht of him of Master Man^ntey 

especially as they brought with them wnom he had so long forgotten, and 

^e welcome addition of a good supper commissioned him accordingly to csny- 

to stay Uie cravings of his stomach, back with him a letter whidi hewrpte- 

upon which he fell to like a cormo- to the Guardian, containing inscme- 

rant. tions how he was to proccHsd to act 

We shsll here take the liberty of with his prisoner. Meanwhile, that 

shortening some of the details of this unfortunate gentleman had geiieraUy 

memorable history. The two grooms, prevailed upon his keepers to relax the 

having delivered themselves of their extreme severity of the rules first 

di&rge, left him, fwith directions to adopted with respect to him. • He was 

two my brothers of the monastery to allowed the light of a lamp, which 

serve him in the same manner as they added to the gratification afforded him 

themselves had been accustomed to b^ the meals which were provided for 

do,) and returned to gratify Lorenzo him, the pleasure of seeing the good^ 

witn a report of their proceedings. It cheer which he tasted ; and, thouffh 

so happened that, shortly afterwards, neither Guardian nor monks womd' 

the Magnifico had occasion to leave venture so far to transgress their 

Florence on afl[air%of state, which oc- orders as to hold any converse wil^ 

cupied all his thoughts and attention him, they permitted him to testify his 

during an absence of several months, gratitude &ir the indulgenoe granted- 

and caused him utterly to forget the him, bv singing several of Sie aks 

poor doctor; and the Guardian and which he uied to be celebrated foi* 

the monks of Camaldoli having, in all his skill in chanting among his old* 

this time, received no counter-instruo- boon companions ; Msides which, he 

tbns, went on, fVom da^ to day, treat- would sometimes exercise his tidait 

ing ib&i prisoner precisely according of an improvisatore, and, at others,' 

to what was first enjoined them; having a fine dear voice and good pro-: 

while he, having learned to consider nunciation, would recite some of ^tie 

hii captivity as ^uite hopeless, had stanzas of Lorenzo's latdy published 

graduallv become in a manner recon- poems, entitled Sehe tt Amort, aU' 

ciled to nis fiite, placing all his hap- which his hearers listened to with 

phieSs in eating and c&inking, (tne marvellous delightsnd satu&ctien. 
materials for whidi were abundantkr ' By this time he had nearly aban.. 

supplied to him,) and consuming in dondl the hope of ever again b^iokU 

sleep almost all the hours which were ing the light of the sun ; when the 

not devoted to those noble purposes of. monk whom Lorenzo had met in 

1«B.;] ItaUariAfiof^Hoaxinff. No. IF. ' 49 

in the ttreett of Ftoenee returned^ whither. By degrees, howerei'^ day-* 
■od cieUvered to the Father Guardian light hroke upon nis acditude, and so 
the letter that was intrusted to him; far encouraged him, that he set for-* 
eo perosal of which, that Holy Fa- warden his route hy a little straggling 
dier took upon him fiirthwith to carry path which he discovered among the 
hMocxeootion the instructionscontain- trees, though wholly ignorant wl^re it 
ed in h. Accordingly, before day- might chance to lead him. He had 
tanak tiie next morning after, the two not proceeded more than a quarter of 
1^ bt otb e ia , habited as before, enter- a mOe before he reached a wider and 
ed the doctor's diamber, and having more trodden road, on the summit of 
made him get out of bed, caused him, an eminence, where be soon after met 
by signs, to clothe himself in a sailor's a muleteer, of whom he inquired 
mm, whidi they brought with them where he was, and was answered, at 
§K the purpose, after which they La Vemia, to which his informant 
haiDd-cii»Bd and muffled him, and in added, '* But, what the devil 1 are 
that guise led him outside the gates you blind ? Don't you see San Fran- 
ef the monastery. Master Manente cesco before you ?" Upon which, look- . 
BOW suiely tiiou^t that the ^d of ing upwards, he beheld indeed the> 
his life was at nand, and that he church of San Francesco, at the top of 
should never more taste bread ; but, the hill, at no greater distance thsin 
thongh lamenting himself beyond twobow-sbots m>m the place where 
wmwmre, nerertheless, from the oread he was standing. 
of something wdrse that mis^ht befal It is impossible to describe the de- 
htB,safibTeahimaelf to be led without li^ht of Master Manente on finding 
loiatance, wherever they pleased to himself once more at a spot already 
carry him. For two hours or more, familiar to him, as the scene of many 
diey aeoordingly dragged him along a party of pleasure* He heartily thank- 
thcD^^ woods and bye-places, tiU ed the mideteer, and set off full speed. 
dMy arrived near the Vemia, where, for the convent, which he reached in 
at the foot of a very large pine-tree, sood season, and found there a Mi- 
m the centre of a deep valley, they knese gentleman, who, in travellinff, 
stofiped, and after binding him &st to had met with the misfortune of dis-. 
the Crank wi A vine-twigs, removing locating his ankle, and was about send- 
the luge hat from over his eyes, and ing for a doctor from Bibbiena to come 
die doak from his back, and taking and set it. Manente, being informed 
off his manadea, they left him to him- of the circumstance, assured him there 
sdf, and ran away with the speed of ' was no need, as he was himself aphy- 
l^^ttning ; tracing bade the way they sidan, and would undertake his cure 
had eooie, and never resting till they in twenty-fonr hours ;,and as, not- 
nadied Canialdoli, where nobody, in withstanaing his seaman's attire, there 
the meanwhile, had noticed their ah- was that in his air and manner which 
soM*. Inspired credit, the traveller was easi- 
Maater Manente, thus tied to the ly prevailed upon to accept his offisr. 
tne and ahsAdoned, was filled wi^ To make this matter short, the cure 
enwliiig great fear ; but, having lis- was speedily completed, and the doc- 
Ined fyr a long ndnle, and hearing no tor having recdv^ two ducats for his 
mmmd of any Hving creature near him, fee, and having also Hberally regaled 
bcaoan to inw his hands together, himself at the expense of his patient, 
SM casQy dipped his limtures. He proceeded, in high spirits, on tne road 
■ov looked up throuffh me branches to Mugello, where (as we have said) 
of the tree and saw ue stars shining, washis country-house, which he reach- 
by whidi he found that he was in t^s ed about sun-set. 
ms air/ and at liberty. His joy at Here, finding the ^te shut, the 
this unciy c ete d discovery, was some- first thing he did on his arrival, , was 
whst moderated by the new r^edes of to call loudly, by name, on the bEiiliff, 
akrm which he experienced from the who had the charge of the place when 
nature of his ntnation — alone, in an the family were absent, and was an- 
uttknown, and seemin^y impervious swered, in a strange voice, that the 
foceot; nor was he by any means with- person he called had long since lefl 
out a{]firefaension of'^his masked con- that service, and was living at another 
daetors returning and carrying hun farm a great way off. This answer ap- 
tway with them a£;iin, the Lord knew peared not a little strange to hiin, as 


fait HM hivteg tdteft iqm luirto di*. tf^taimttliMedsiiiad MadttMiote 

Mge. fie iirMteiicled, btmever^ todte fe^widi fend an otter io ikejum 

eoontvfiiMiiwhotiowaddrMiBdfaiitH bttOiff tOBMeiteUm, tcwtfaet witfi« 

ilui(tlieiriiiimittthtofttofHetid<)f the dnageof Umb, bbefed, lMOt%«nd 

ikitter of -fhe boiue, ^and fotinMgi otkernMewuies^itftawUchbewoaM 

thM he Aeaid be g^ of * ik^I'u hinndfcometoFUiieneedieBesEt^^ 

IfiiMng. The min, iediig his ttnnffe and teve^iotbettttii of fait dear Brti- 

gin,w»tiietwelltatMedwhattD>do gidA> Moouit to he» ^ the ptrticiilalm 

upon the oeeattoi. However, he wtt of tiie ww i de i f u i etettit tet had he* 

•Cfatttprendled upon by Master Mlt- ftUen hiao* 

iMiite's Mr tpeakiAgy and admitted Machtil Atmhj the foldtnMi, fai^ 
faim into hitUttlecann, wberehe was ving (as has been >aaid) madb vcp fait 
invited to partake of the slender snp*. mmd to its bdng an impoatnie^ laosr 
m: firoTided for the household. The wvoleinlhenattietf thelady^Midvti- 
doetorbeingresolYednottomakehinii^ tnniedbythesameiti6Btenger,aiett*> 
unknown to tiiese people, asked no fbll of wr«tby eomoawUtag the pre^ 
questions about the mnny; but, see* tender to denurtin God'a ntae, or be 
ittg pen^ ink, and ptper, on a table, sat wouldxrthcrwiaetend $ke ottetrs^ tofagr 
dfomn and wrote a short letter to his hold of him ; and this being dispateb* 
wife, which he gave to the kHMuner^ ed, he rAurned ^ bit ahon, ieneiBg 
ton in eharge to ddinr the flnt thing Meant firigida at hone fw of tut* 
in the moniing at liis honte fai Flo* penseand Mif ttuptfbd. 
xenoe. He then betook himtslftoiuit Jiiaster MtBentel|Ml ptsssd-the Ay 
Olithebedofstraw,whMiwAs^tlltbe in ttnlMngte the house iDfa.lkkqdj^ 
•ooomniodation the/ had to oftr him, his who k^t ponltrj^ tbowufaseeni^et 
aiiid On which hesoon Itil adeep,'no^ off, to whom he posed himself te.a 
withttandingthemuHitttifeofthongbtt tnivsHer.jnttafti»ed£KMnJUboBo,iuiA 
which new began to ditlraot him. where (without makioghinafifkBowti 
• Next monnng,bJr the ^m dawn of tohhn) heporafayMtdapairsf ftit-cs* 
day, Manente's messenger aet olFlbr pont,whiohheeastiedbadcwltklriB» 
Florence with Ihe Ittter, and, reaching fior ]ds tn|nicr,iUi7eKpeeting^ on ite 
Master Manente's house by dinner- vetum of hit messtuger, to betecqg 
Ifane, ddlTereditiatothehandtofhhi BiBRdatnMstar,andudnitlediafeohie 
good faidy, Monna Bri^kk, who, te- own mansion. He was not gvtttfyde-' 
oognitingherhuiiband'sliand^WTking, lighted, tiieretoe, at finding Ax&ty 
waa ready to ftint away on the wpoi dBtoent r c csnti o n, nor t the Mkmtf 
Her griet and consternation increased of e note witnout ted Or tobacr^tloB 
on perusal of the letter, and wwe ttitt -^-theeontenteof whkh werettffl nure 
ftrtner augmented by the antwert dinleasiag to him than the mode ^ 
whidh the boy returned to her inqui- address or ddivery. His host of thn 
ries concemh^ ^ nerton, voice, tnd preceding nii^fat g^ve himmoNttesr to 
stature of him who nad sent it. She understand, (in no very eottrteons lB»i 
immedktety sent for Michel Ai^do, guage,) that he must look out dam* 
the goldsmith, who was no less toru where for a lodgin||^ ; e demand whitli 
jMrised dnn she had been at leading the poor doetdr did not stay to haur 
the letter ; but, nevertheless, holding repetted, but told him he would dm* 
it f6t certain ^at Manente was dead ptt^ immediately. His mmd new be«i 
tnd buried, gave it as his c^daion that gan to misgive 1dm, that he had, la 
die person -who wrote it watan imput* good truth, mode an exdMuge eC. hhs 
tor, who had adopted this eottlrivante own personal identity, aadwasaoloDghi 
fat accomplishing tomeunlawfol pur- or Masltr Mtnente ; kitonnuoh lim^ 
pote, either vrith regard tohcr perttn, in a eoiot at onoe die meat huroUa 
or her faite husband's property; the anddistonsoltte,heentteatedthei!oniKi 
eontente of the letter^ shortly bdnff, tyiuxk to tdl him who was his maa« 
tiiat the vrriter informed his dearly ter ; whereto the countevman reidied, 
beloved consort, how, after manv and that hia uunter wat Maater Miobel 
ttrange perils had passed, after Mng Angele;, the goldtbuih, v^Mse wife 
dhut up for a twelvemonth in foar m was Monna Brig^da. He then iuqoi- 
his life, and having finally eecaped by red again ^^lether thia Monna Brigi** 
a niiraculoos Providenee, he had at da had ever before been mtnied; to 

JiS£3 mHamArt^MmNtin^. No. IT. il 

«Miih the 0MntMia» KtotiiM fiMT afaMttbtfltdehitiiiel^ BytlikUiMi 
■wwff; Ttt ; 4MhI ottt bcr iWsMr has- ^iniier-tinie^ and, in a state of despe- 
teid, (ttlMfaBdheardHi3r))wMMMi« ivtiMj he betook himtdf to his okl 
tg Mnw^if J > pbysjcisn^ who iiiad one qnartersi Delle Bertneeey where the 
^yof dMpkgue,aBdhiidkftftnoiily kiidlllrd» Master Amadore, was ano- 
SM> aitted Saadriao^ (ee ^«de Akx^ Iher of hie meet familiar eompenionSy 
sader.^ "Alaaiahtt! exeiaimedtbe whe, after he had eat there some ttaw, 
pbysiciao, *' what is this you^ tefi obserted to him that he thought he 
me r Aad then ashed many other had seen his fkce befbte^ but eould not 
^eettona, to aM which the man an* lemember wherever on what oecasiott; 
ewerad that he ^aa not ahielo inform to which the mortified doetor replied 
lMa» being himeetf fVom the Casenti- that it was yery lileely, as he had 
■o» and an entire stranger to lihe neigh- formerly resided for some tkne in Flo- 
bonrhoed ai Magdlo^ renee, which he had kft to go fo sea; 

Mastfr Manente now determined and, b^ing now returned, intended to 
wMi fa imse i f to leave his present ^ai^ take up his abode here sgaia ; where* 
tsm wtdMQt ftrtiier diday j and, as he with the said Amadore appeared to be 
hsd still tsro home ^ day-light, took perf^ctiy satisfied, and e^ed no far^ 
the hMid townfds Fbrenee^ cofiaHbrtkm tinr questions. 
hhneiiif with die hope that his wiw He now, having dined, res^ved at 
and rrlatiflns had been deceived hf all hasards to make hhnself known t0 
sense Iblae report of his death, but Monna Brnida that same evening j 
weald iawediately reoognlte hkn on and aeeormnfi^, when he judged 
his retaming aaaong them. He arri- it a odnvenient time, he sallied tMk 
md lalt! la the evemng at a pPdhUe^ onee mole to the street de' .Fossi, 
konae, about a mile from the city, and having given two loud knocke «t 
wben befnsted fbr the nighty eating thedoer, the lady herself eame to ask 
ea^ Mro poaehed egggi for his supper ; who Was thete. — ^To whom the poor 
and ^^ke atest noming early, having physfeibn answerect^ '' It is I — eiSen 
ii^fcaigid his reohoninf^ proceeded to the door to me, my dear firigida. -^ 
flsrsnee, and walked hau-waythnttigh ^And who are you?" rejoined the 
the ^Uf witiioot bdng recogniaed by a lady. To which Master Manente re« 
ifei|^indt#idt»l,aUheughhemetsev&* t^ed in a whisper, so as not to be 
nIofhiaoldlHeiidsandaequaiotances, newd bv all toe neighbonrhood,-^ 
S0 csMEir^y waa be metamorphesed by ** Come hither, and I will tell you.''«-« 
Mussiasn'a habit. At last^ taming ^e Monna Brigida, to whom both the 
estner of theetteet de' Fossi, he saw voice and looks of the unwelcome vi« 
tea wife, leadiDg bis little boy by the aitor appeared greatly to strengthen 
hand, enter tho honse, as they were the misgivings which his letter had 
f e tarnin g Amn mass ;. sad, beitig wefl eeoaaioned» declined obe3ritig his eutn« 
OMtfed that ahe atao bad seen him, mens, and said only, " Wh<Moever yon 
bat witboat shewing the least sign of are, teU it me directly, and what yen 
haawiadge, hie heart misgave mm ; want?" — '* Don^ you see?" answered 
sad, instiead of going directly hon)e, thepbyeioian— *"IsitnotI — your Ma* 
aawaa Uia first intention, he went to nente — your true and lawfnl husband 
Ssata Omoe, to find one Master Sebaa- -^-and are you not my wife, whom I 
liano, Ms oontasor, thinking diat he am come back to datm, after a long 
wanld be a good negotiator ; bnt, upon and cruel abeenoe ?" — *' Master Ma- 
i aa ahy^ 'traa told that be had gone to nente, my husbands— you certainly are 
Belogaa, toyon whieb he wee qaite in not ?" said the lady, *' seeing that he 
da^i&y and ooald not tell what step is dead and buried."— <' How, Brigi- 
was nent to bo tricen. da ? — dead !" rejoined the {^ysician ; 

Tb»^ having made the dreuit of ** No — I never died, nor was buried i" 
the elW, ditongh the Piaxaa, and both And then he added, *' Open the door 
fbe old siid new maket plaeea, and enickly — for love's sake, open. Why, 
having met, among divers others of hie don't you know me again, my own 
old acquaintance, his most intimate dear love ? Am I then so metamor- 
fticiidsyBiondotiiebroher,FeoUiemtt- |dieesd P Kay, ojpea, open, end I will 
sieisii,Leonaidollieeaddler, andMas* immediately convince 3rou that I am 
ler ZenoMo the barber, without any stiU llvine. — '< What !" said the ob- 
ef Aem stppearitig to have the least dtnrate lady ; " and are you then the 
reeoUectJon &t him, he becune at last impudent fellow that sent me a letteai 

Vol- XIV. G 


HaiicM Art of Hoaxing, Ao. IF. 


voterday ? Begone 1 begone inftenU retrealed in die diredaon of St Mem 

if — wkd a plague upon you ! If my Novelk, while the crowd made way 

husband returns, and finds you here, for him on every aide, crossing thein- 

tbere will b^ the devil to pay*" - selves with all their might, and nuur 

A crowd of people was by this time nin^ and tumbling over each other in 

collected rou^d the door. Whereupon their ftight, no less than if they had 

Monna Dorothea, a very decent per- actually bdbeld one risen from the 

sonage, who lived opposite, and nad dead. 

Witnessed all that ha4 passed, said to For that night he.again'took up hia 
Brigida — " Have a care, daughter, — old quarters at the Bertuoce, intending 
for .this may well be Master Manente's the next morning to have recourse to 
spirit, seeing that, verily, he much re- the spiritual court ftnr assistance. But, 
sembles him in voice ana figure. Speak desirous to make one more trial* he 
to it, then, and ask it in civil language, proposed to his host to invite Burchl^ 
whether or no it wants aught with ello,* and Biondo the broker, (than 
thee ?" Upon which Brigida, who whom he had not two more intimate 
was half inclined to believe the truth fHends in the world) to sup with him ; 
of what she now heard, began with which mine host gladly undertook* 
piteous accents thus to accost him, — and the invitation being as gladly ae« 
'' Oh, blessed spirit ! hast thou any- oepted, they all three met at the Ber- 
thing which presses upon thy con- tucce at the hour appointed* 
science?. Dost thou require the office At their first meetins, BurchieUo 
for the dead to be performed for thee ? exhibited some signs of recognitioiiy 
Hast thou any undischarged vow to particularly on hearing the aoond of 
accomplish ? Say what thou wouldst bis voice ; and Master Man^ue, on 
have, oh gentle spirit ! and then de* his feet, paid him the most marked 
part in peace, and in God's name." atttotion^ saying that he had been in<« 
Master Manente, having this invoca- duced, by his reputation, thua to aedc 
tion, was half inclined to laugh out in the honour of his acquaintance ; for 
iipite of his vexation ; but he simply all which, Burdiiello thanked him 
answered, by assuring her, that he was with due formidity. They then ut 
still living, and that she had only to down to table ; and while they wwe 
open the door to be convinced it was waiting for supper. Master Manente 
p). She, nevertheless, went on, cross- entertained than with a king fabnkaa 
ing herself, and asking if the poor narrative of his life, and the oauae 
gbpst reauired the m^ of St Gregory which had brought him hither. Bar- 
to be saia ipr it ; and then, also, Mon* chiello had by this time whispered 
na Dorothea, in like manner, chimed Biondo that he never saw so great a 
in with her, saying, ^' Spirit of grace 1 likeness as of this man to their old 
if so be that thou art m purgatory, friend Manente ; and that, if he had 
declare it, in order that thv good wife not been sure he was dead, he ahoold 
may perform jubilee, aud withdraw say, that without doubt, it was be 
thee from the place of thy torments." himself — to which Biondo ftdly as- 
Then, making the longest signs of the sented. 

cross ever, seen^ and repeating at everv Mean while mine hoet» having put alL 

moment her " Requiescat in pace," aU. things in order, the sallada made their 

the people who stood round about be- a{^»earauce, accompanied by bread and 

gan by degrees to do the same, and two flasks of sparkhnswiDe; npontlie 

withdraw tnemselves to a more awful sight of whicn they left off thsir dia- 

distance ; seeing which, and that there course, and set to with excellent ap- 

was no chance of his making (my ikr- petites, mine host and BuidiieUo ta-. 

thcr impression on Monna Brigida, king the inside of the table, sod Maa* 

supportcHl as.slic was by her old go$si|>- ter Manente and Biondo Uie oppoaite 

ing neigbbour, the poor disconsolate seats. Thus, while they ate and (uank^ 

doctor once more quitted the field, and BurchieUo kept bis eyes oonatantly 

* Bomfloico BurchieUo wai a burlssqae post, so flelsbrated in liis day as to 
Dame to a peculiar ipedet of oemposttioD, callod after him the MurddiUnotA (See^Oin- 
guoi^.) Tnii Buichiello, (the poet,) died, however, in 1448, when lioreoso was « chlkL 
£tuier (therefore) he is not the same with the BurchieUo o/t this story, or we have detect- 
ed Lasca in an anachronism- 

1WS.J Italian Ari of Uoatting, No. IF. 5S 

fixed oo the doctor/ and the first thhig thein^ sayings ^* My good friends^ dont 

he remarked, was his drinking two be frightened. Toudh him, and feel 

cups of wine, one immediately after him ; spirits are not made of flesh and 

the odier upon his sailad, which was bone, as this man is — ^besides which, 

also Master Manente's constant cos- hare you not seen him eat and drink 

lom. He remained silent, however, in your presence?" To which Manente 

though inwardly maryelling ; and, on added, '^I am a living man, pray, don't 

the amvBl of the next course, consist* doubt it ; don't be afraid of me, my 

ingofpigeons and small birds, he again brethren 1 In good sooth, I never yet 

reniarkra that the- first thing done by have known wnat death is. Only lis- 

the stranger was to-separate the headis ten, and I will relate to you one of 

from the bodies of the birds, and eat the most marvellous stories ever heard 

them, — bein^ a part of which Master beneath the sun." By which, and 

Manente waslikewiseparticularly fond, other such like expressions, he, with' 

Upon this, he was just on the point Burchiello'sassistfiince, at length so far 

of diaoovering himself, but restrained succeeded, that, by little and little, 

his intentions for the sake of still far- they got the better of their terror and 

dier aasoranoe. Lastly, when the fruit incredulitv. 

was pBced on the table, consisting of Supper being cleared away, and the 
pears, {sementine,) grapes, {sancohm" doors locked to prevent intrusion, the 
Mar,) and excellent raviggiuoU, he four friends resumed their seats at the 
beeame perfectly satisfied; nnrthephy- table, and Master Manente recounted 
sidan,siter partaking of both the for- to them in full the history of his 
mer, ended his supper without touch- strange disasters. He had no sooner 
IK the raoiggiuoU, notwithstanding concluded, than Burchiello (who was 
alftfae rest of the company bestowed the cleverest fellow existing^ said di- 
itpoD them the hi^^iest praises ; Bur- rectly, '' This is all a trick ot Lorenzo 
dbdlo very wdl Imowing that Master the Magnifico." The others stoutly 
ManeDte had such an andpathv to this opposed this conclusion; declaring that 
species of eatable, that he would as soon the whole was most undoubtedly the 
unneeftteRbothhisownhandsas touch- efi^ect of enchantment. Nevertheless, 
eddbeno. TJnon receiving this last proof Burchiello, persisting in his first im- 
of ideittitjr,iie seised him (laughingljr) pression, continued, ''It is not every 
br Ae Im hand, and Huing up his nody who knows as well as I do the 
neeve, discovered near the wrist the firuitftdness of that man's invention, 
mark of a ra^er of bacon, which Mas- nor how impossible it is to make him 
ter Manente liad brought with him fbr^;o any enterprize which he has 
from his mother's womb; whereupon once taken in hand. It is the very de- 
he exclaimed, with a loud voice, vil to have to do with one who, like 
** Thou art Master Manente, and canst him, knows everything, and has power 
eeneeal it no longer ;" and, throwing and inclination to back all his de- 
both his arms round his neck, em- signs." Then turning to the Doctor, 
braced and kissed him. he said, " I long ago suspected that he 
Baondo and mine host, seeing what might have the heart to play you some 
passedj were lost in amazement, and inch prank as you have related to us. 
retreated backwmds a little, that they Depend upon it. Master Manente, 
mi^t tlie more securely mark what princes are always princes ; and woe 
fi^wed : Which was, that Manente be to him who tmnks he may presume 
reptied to Bnrc^eBo's salutation, by upon their familiarity to take liberties 
saynig, *' Tou only, Burchiello, of all with them." 

my fHenda and relations, have ac- Manente, in his turn, now made his 

kwrwledged me for what I am, and friends relate to him the history of the 

that I am indeed that very Master Ma- pretende<l plague, and of the man who 

nente, who never died, as was ^sely was buriea in his place with the tu- 

reportedj and is so foolishly credited moor in his throat — all which things 

by my wife, and by all Florence." At sorely perlexed him ; norwasBurchiel- 

tins, Amadore and Biondo waxed pale lo himself able to find the clue to this 

as iBhes—4be one crossed himself, the part of the contrivance. At length, 

edier followed hts example, and both noWever, they all came to one conclu- 

fAt the same teiYor as if tney had really sion, which was, that Master Manente 

seen the ghost of one departed ; but had nothing for it but to commence 

Bmrchidlo Uxk upon him to re-assure proceedings in the Bishop's Court for 

M lUtUan Art »f Hautin^ No. IF. t^^aiff 

IbeTecoverjr of hit rl^^ts and popei^ (n^o nreoded m jod^e,) htving eod^ 

ty. And with tbk reflolotkm my le* fiderM on one aide £? proof of ides* 

Knted^ the Deet^ going itoig with Htj, and on the other, the prodmced 

I fHend BurcbieUo, the other two cfrtifieatet, batano vtteriy perplexed 

not being yet altogether satisflad as to and confbiinded« Howerer, aa thcrt 

the reality of what they had witnessed* was dearly a dead man hi liie eaae. 

In the meantime, Miohel Angela and it was equaHy dear that the per^ 

the goldsmith, on hisretum hottie, had son whostooabefbrehimaaMaalerMa^ 

been inibrmed by Monna BH^da of nente, was not Uiat dead man^ he eon* 

all that had happened, whidi was con* duded that there mnst have been soma 

firmed by her sanctified ndghbonr, fool play (perhana murder) in the bnsi* 

who added, moreover, that she was ness, whicn renoered it fit for the oog* 

certain it was Master Manente's spirit, niaance of a crhnind tribnnaL For 

>rhieh wanted to be redeemed ont of which reason, having secretly inisriD- 

pnigatory» << What spirit, what pur- ed the Coundl of Bight eonceming 

^tory, you fbolish woman !" exclaim- his caose of suspicion, the offieen el 

id the angry pldsmith* " Can't yon justice were firthwith dispatched to 

perceive that it was that same impos- the Court, where the partks were stiH 

tor, that vagabond sailor, who sent pleading, and where mey wertf all ai^ 

you the letter yesterday mornii^^?^ rested -uid put in prison* 

And therewithal he grew very pensive. The next day, as soon as the Cmm* 

being ill able to aci;:ount for so strange dl was sitting, Msster Manente was 

joi occurrence, and yet willing to give had before them and inlerro^led aa fa 

credit to any interpretation of it rather all that had happened, whidi he ro* 

than the true one, or than to believe counted in so romute, and at the ssmo 

thst Master Manentej whom he had time artless a manner, that OBveral of 

seen dead and buried, waa returned to the counsdlors, notwithstanding the 

life again. grovityof theproeeeding, andthaiui* 

The next morning early, having aotountable nature of the dreumataa* 

washed end trimmed hishairand beard cea, could not refirsm ftom laughing 

according to the ftahion of the da]r» at many passages. Haviu finiahed Ua 

and acco u tred in some dothes of ms narrative, he was remauM to priacaB^ 

ftiend Burchiello's which exactly fit* andNicoohgoaodMiefadAngdowera^ 

ted him. Master Manebte sallied finrtfa one after another, next had up aadcK^ 

again into the streets of Florence ; and aniined, who not only exactly agreed Is 

in these, which resembled his own or- all the drcumatances of their slary^ 

dinary babita, he was seen and recog* but confirmed it by the praduttien «f 

nixed b^any ; Biando and Amadcie tiie certMcatea dveady mentiaiiedL 

having mtheroeantimedrcnlated the They were also remanded, and ikm 

report of his bdng alive, and returned Council p roceeded next to send for the 

to Florence in quest of his wifb and hondtd servant who had been praam t 

his chattels. Among the rest, he waa at toe supposed death of Manente, and 

seenbothbyNiocoUjoaiidMichdAn* by whom it was wisdy Judged that 

«do, who, notwithstanding the evi- some light might be csst on Oe nys- 

dence of their senses, still continued tery. But it so fdl out, for the aakt 

to intrench themselves in the persusp* of of e jeet, that this same ftUow, wboat 

sion, that Master Manente being dead examination must have led to the do* 

and buried, this man could not poesi* tection of the whole ploi had aomo* 

bly be he, however strongly resembling time before wounded a man in a fiur^ 

him. So, having heard that be in*^ in consequence of which he abscondea^ 

lendM to make his olahn in the Bi- and had never ahice been beoid of* 

chop's Court, thev, on their part, pre* Thus, all things combined to tethor 

pared for their defenee against it, to this most admirable of hoaxes. I'ha 

which end they furnished themselves Council then instructed thdr oflleera 

with credentials from the ofBeers of to make every inquiry that waa posaU 

the beard of health, and with the proi* hie, in order to ascertain the denueof 

per certificate of bmial. credit due to each story ; and the re* 

To k)se no time> that aame after* auH of thek investigatioa waa to oo»* 

noon Master Manente lodged hia com- firm (so far as it waa possible lo ar* 

eint, and took out a summon^ which rive at any oonduBioB) the veradty of 

biodber-in-law and Midid Angelo all the witneaass^ 

finrthwith attended; and tho Vicar, In the ncaaliine, Buidiidlo^ wh» 

IMS.;] IMm Afi ^ Hoa^m^. No. IF. 6$ 

wm Bott vnlous. in aervuig ^ ovose imj'mg,-^" Keep your dialaope— AU I 
of his fliend Manente, called upoa one soall say at present is, that ijf you are 
of tbe memben of the Council, witU the true and livii^ Manente, as yo^ 
whom he was familiarly acquainted, give yourself out to be, you are very 
and apprized him of ms suspicions welcoine ; but if not, the contrary, 
that tne Maonifioo was at the bottom The doctor would then have begun to 
of all that h ad h a wien ed , adding, that it tell his whole story ; but the Magni- 
was quite imposoLhle such events could fico cut him short, saying that the 
have taken place in the midst of Flo^ present was not the proper time for i^ 
JtDce without his connivance. The adding, however, that, at a certain 
magi^rate in question fuUy adopted hour of the evening he should retuni, 
this view of the matter^ and having and be would then give him audience 
communicated it the following morn- in his private apartment, at which time 
ing to the assembled Conncil, it was de- lie had summoned the opposite party 
tennined to send a letter on the sub* to attend him also. 
ject to Lorenzo himself, (who was Master Manente having thanked 
then at the baths of Pop;gio,) request- him, returned to his friend Burcbiello, 
ins hia advice and assistance at their who laughed in his sleeve at what he 
deliberations. The letter was Kfft ao<- related to him* All the parties, that 
cordingly ; and the parties (against evening, were punctual m their at- 
none of whom any specific charge was tendance according to Lorenzo's ap- 
cxhihitedj,} dismissed for the present, pointment, and were forthwith sum<- 
with a strict prohibition to all of them moned to appear in his private cham- 
from s|»proaching within a hundred her, where they found him surrounded 
Tarda of the street de' Fossi, and from by some of the chief citizens of Flo- 
tolding any communication with Mon» rence, by all of whom the physician 
na Brigida, under pain of the gallowji, Manente was well known, and venr 
until toe queatiioa ahould be deter* much regarded. Before these, botn 
jninecL * parties were now f^gain heard, and the 
Th« Magnifico^ on receipt of the proofs produced on the part of the 
letter addnesed to him by the Couneil goldsmiths examined, all which exci- 
of £ig^ was thrown into fits of laughp ted the greatest possible astonishment 
tar,aiMlawofethat aoaxquiiiteajest, and peinlexity; but the narrative of 
m well contrived, and so sucoessful in Master Sianeate^ in particular, oaM 
fSk its parts, had never been known not be heard without ita cauainf^ in* 
ainee toe foundations of the world were credible diversion an4 laughter ; um^ 
laid, la abort, he waa absolutely in much that Lorenzo was not satisfied 
ecOadea of de%ht and self-approba* till be had made the physician repeat 
tion. About a week afterwards he re- it three times successively, eyery rep»« 
tunad to Flarence,andwa9 waited up* tition only serving to jncreaae tnidr 
mthe aameday bothby Master Maneur delight ana merriment, which was hot 
te and by hia advenariesi but who nei- at all diminished by the indignation 
^cr of them obtained audience. The which he displayed at the story told 
next; day Manente renewed his visit, by the two goIduniths» whom he made 
and found the Magnifico just sitting no scruple ^ lauding with every term 
down to dinner, whO| on seeing him» of reproach and obloquy. 
sswimtd an ai^ea^ance of the utmost . By this time the Vicar made his ap» 
astflrodiBirnt, Wfinft " In good sootb^ pearance upon Lorenao's summon^. 
Master Doctor, f did not expect that ( and, being received with all due reve^ 
should ever behold vour face again> rence, took his seat by the invitation 
having b^en informed, ^ pf ^qertaio- ai the Magnifico, upon Uie bench be^ 
ty, that you were de^ and buried, side him ; to whom, when seated, the 
And even now, I am not weU satisfied Magnifico thua addressed himsel^-^ 
whether you are indeed what you ap« " May it please your reyerenee, since 
near to be^ or somebody else reBembling I know that you are already well aor 
luaa— or, in fine, some supernatural quainted with the difierence which haf 
HhmoaJ' The doctor, after again and arisen between these worthy persona,! 
again repeating that he was not dead, need say no more on the suq^t, ex- 
out in sober reality the true living cept that, having been appointed by 
Jiansote, and none but himself, would the choice of the most nonourabl^ 
hav« knelt and kissed the hwd of the Council of Eight, to be arbiter of that 
Mngniftfft ; but he motioned him ofi^, di#erence, nothing more is wanting to 

66 Itttikm Ariqf Hbeunnff* No. IV. [[Jttly, 

enable roe to pronoimce judgment bat biBtjr of Florence^ Uxk his seat on a 
to ascertain toat Master Manente ne* kind of throne^ prepared for the occa- 
Ter died^ and that this party whom we sion, before wmch Master Manente 
now have before us, is not a mere fkn- knelt with all due reverence. While 
tastic illusion, or walking demon ; the in this position, all the fbrms of exor- 
which it is your part to make clear and dsm were gone through, and sll pray* 
manifest." — " How, and in what man- ers and canticles proper for casUns out 
ner is^ this to be accomplished P" cried de? ils, read over and dianted to him, 
the astonished ecclesiastic — " That is and also plenty of holy wister sprin- 
what I will immediately make known kled, and incense burned around him ; 
to your reverence," answered Lorenzo, and finally, every holy relic in succes- 
and therewith told him that he must sion passed through his hand by the 
have the assistance of some exorcising attendant servitors, without producing 
fiiars, and the use of certain relics, fa- the lightest change of Qountenance or 
mous for their virtue in dispelling the other effect perceptible ; after which, 
works of enchantment. — ** You have making again a low reverence to the 
aaid well/' answered the Vicar. " Give Vicar, he demanded his discharge, to- 
me only six or eight days to prepare, gether with a solemn act of recognition 
and if he then stands Uie test, you may of his identity, 
securely set him down for a Hving Just at this point of time, however, 
nan, and Master Manente in propria our old fViend Monaco, who, by com- 
wrsotfA." — Manente would upon this maud of Lorenzo, had been to fetch 
nave m^de some observations ; but the Nepo the sorcerer, and was present in 
Magnifico, rising ftom his tribunal, the church with him, observed that it 
prevented him, and without farther was now time to commence his opera- 
remark, led the way out of the apart- tions. Whereupon Nepo, rushing for- 
ment, followed by the gentlemen who ward into the midst of the assembly, 
were present with hUm, and who all exclaimed in a harsh ^nd discordant 
joined with him in heartily laughing voice, " Draw back, draw back, wor- 
at the strange scene they had wit^ thy gentlefolks, and make way for me, 
nessed. that I may present mysdf before his 
The next day, the Vicar, who was reverence the Vicar, and discover the 
a good and decent Christian, and in truth of this mystery." Upon hearing 
the odour of sanctity, (dohtMnimo reH" which exclamation, and bdiolding the 
gioM,) caused it to be proclaimed strange appearance of him who utter- 
through the whole bishopnc, that aU ed it — fwho was a man large of sta- 
priests and Mu» who possessed relics ture ana strong-built, of complexion 
-of virtue for casting out devils, ^ould oKve-brown, with a bald head, a lean 
bring them to Florence wiUiin six and meagre countenance, a black beard 
days, to the church of Sante* Maria reaching to his girdle, and habited in 
Maggiore, upon pain of his high dis- rude and fkntasdc clothlng)~aIl pre- 
pleasure. All the country round, no* sent were filled with amazement and 
thing was now talked of besides ^is terror, and made way for him with- 
strange occurrence, and it seemed to out hesitation ; who straightway ad- 
the two goldsmiths, no less than to vanced to the Vicar, and proclaimed 
Marter Manente, an age while these aloud in the words followms; : ** To 
matters were in preparation. Lorenzo, the end that the truth mty be made 
in the meanwhile, nad summoned to manifest, know ye that Master Mt^ 
Florence old Nepo da Gaktrona, a re- nente, who is here present, never de- 
puted wizard of the highest cdebrity ; parted hence ; and that all which has 
and having made him understand for nappened to him has fidlen out by 
what purpose he wanted him, kept force of magical art, by virtue of de- 
him in his palace to be ready at tne moniacal agency, and by the iromedi- 
appointed hour. The number of relics ate contrivance of me, Nepo of Gala- 
ahneady coUeeted, fVom all the country trona, who am able to command the 
round, at 8anta Maria Magciere, was devils that they do what and when it 
quite surprising ; and the day of trial pleasea me. It was I, therefore, who 
being at length arrived, and Manente's caused him, while lying asleep in the 
appearance recorded, they waited only place of San Martino, to be tranmrt- 
the coming of the Vicar, who, accom- ed by demons into an enchanted pa- 
panied by thirty of the principal ec- lace, where, in the manner that he haa 
desiasttcs, with many ot the first n»- already excised to you, I heid him 



Italam Art of Hoaxing. No. IF. 


ift okmt caaSsmamt, nntily one mon- 
iBg At dsy^iretk, I ordered him to be 
thence agun ooiiTe^ed to the forest of 
la VemU, and there left hun. It 
WW I, who caused one of my familiar 
ipihis to asmme his corporeal like- 
Dcas, and make it appear that he had 
^ed of the ^agoe ; and who finally 
sofiercd himself to be buried instead 
of fadm ; from whence all these extra- 
ordinary events have since proceeded. 
All these things have I done in scorn 
of Master Maniente, and in revenge for 
an injury once inflicted on me by his 
hfhtr, in t^ PieveSan Stefano, which 
be inhabited; which injury I was ne- 
ver able to return upon him who had 
committed it, by reason of a breviary 
which he always carried about him 
next his heart, in which breviary was 
inscribed Uie {Hrayer of Saint Cyprian. 
And now that ye may all know the 
truth of these words I speak to you, 
9a ye, and open the vanlt whore the 
pretended [^vsician was buried ; and 
if ye do not tnere behold the most un- 
doubted tokens of that which I have 
DOW delivered to you, hold me for a 
liar and a juggler, and sever my head 
from my body." 

The Vicar, and all present, had lis- 
tened to this discourse very attentiver- 
U, while Master Manente, Ml of in- 
(ugnation and terror, looked at his 
sqppoaed tormentor as if he could 
have torn him to pieces, and at the 
same time, like one in a dream, the 
bv-standers, in like manner, not being 
able to take their eyes off from him. 
Whereupon the Vicar, desirous of put- 
ting an end to this strange adventure, 
laid his commands upon two friars of 
Santa Croce, and two of Saint Mark'^, 
that they should go forthwith and ex- 
amine me vault in question ; who, 
having acoordinely set themselves in 
motioB, were foUowed by manv other 
friars and priests, regular as weuas se» 
cular, in great abundance. Nepo re- 
mained during this time in the courch, 
in company with the Vicar and with 
Master Manente, who, more and more 
alarmed the longer he staid with them, 
were now afraid to look him in the 
face, their minds miBgiving them that 
he was either another Simon Magus, 
or at leaat a new MalagigL . In the 
meantime the deputed friars, with 
those who accompanied them, had 
reached the cemetery of Santa Maria 
XovelU, where they sent for the Sa- 
amuipttDd cai^sed him to .open the 

vault in whidi they were gives to un- 
derstand that the reputed corpse had 
been buried. 

That same morning Monaoo/by the 
oommandof the Magnifioo, had brought 
from the tower of Careggi a cock-pi- 
geon, of colour as black as pitch, the 
strongest and best flving bird ever wit* 
nessed, and which knew so well how 
to find its own pigeon-house, that it 
had more than once returned to it fhim 
Aresso, and even from Pisa. . Tb^. 
bird he had, unseen of anybody, eon* 
cealed within the vault, whidt he af- 
terwards closed up a^n so careftdly, 
that it seemed as if it had never been 
opened for the last ten years; inso- 
much that the befbre-mentioiMd Sa- 
cristan found himself oUiged to have 
recourse to his spade and mattock to 
enable him to remove the earth, and 
lift the stone frtxn its place ; which he 
had no sooner accomplished, thui, to 
the astonishment and dismay df aJl 
inresent, this black (ugeoa, which had- 
till then remained tM|Md, seetng the 
light of the flambeaux, waa awdcened, 
and flew out of the vault, taldng ila 
course through the air in the diredioa 
of Careggi^ where, in less thaa the 
eight part of an hour, it recovered ita 
hfl«n0 in safety. 

The Sacriaun, at sight of this unex- 
pected occurrence, was so overcome bj 
terror, that he fell backwards, pulling 
the stone, of the sepuldire afrer him, 
so that he broke his leg in the ML, and 
was laid up for many days and wedcs 
in consequence of the accident. The 
holy friars, and the greater part of the 
attendant multitude, ran back in the 
direction of SantaMaria Maggiore, cry- 
ing out, ''A miracle 1 a miracle V\ Some 
declared that there had issued forth 
from the tomb a spirit, in likeness of 
a squirrel, but with wings. Others a& 
firmed, that it was a fiery flying dra« 
gon ; while others, again, would have 
it, that it was a devil converted into a 
bat. The greater part, however, agreed, 
that it waa a littk sucking dcmon^; 
and there were not wanting those who 
were certain that they li^ seen its 
horns and its cloven feet. The Vicar, 
and those who remained with him in 
the church, were fully occupied with 
the various reports of those who came 
crowding back to them from without ; 
and Nepo» availing himself of this 
confusion, and secretly favoured by 
Monaco and Lorenco> servants, ali|^ 
ped away out <^ doors, and mocmtiag 


umAH^HotufiHg^ Hh. IK 


■a esBCciknt haA, wlii«ii fae hid bit 
ilMiding fi>r him at no great dkctaoe, 
came back in m£ety to ma own luHMa» 
in Galationa, almoat before hia abaenoe 
had been ditooTeicd. 

No aooner, howcTer^ had the Vicar 
leisure enough to look round him, 
mtd pereeiTe the flight of the aoroer« 
•r, tiun he began to cry with a load 
▼oioe, " Seiae him> aeiae him, and let 
him be burned fbr a witch and con* 
Jororl" Bat when they were able no-> 
where to find hkn^ they w«re all fUlly 
peraoaded that he had disappeared by 
magic. The Viear then commanded 
that the relica ahould be taken back to 
the plaoea from whence they had been 
hMught; and, having dtsmiaeed the 
yr i eata and monks in attendance, re- 
tomed (aecompaided by Maater Ka^ 
iMDte) to the pekoe of tne Medici. 

Meanwhile> the Magnifleo, who had 
been duly appriaed of all Uiat paiaed, 
and made cqMtal eport of it wito a ibw 
4f hia ftndliar acqnaintanee^ when the 
Viear came «p to him> calling aloud 
Ibr the oOoera of ^natioe to be eent af- 
ter Nepo de Galadona, to hare him ap« 
pechended and buniedfor aoroery^ said 
to him only, '* Most Kererend Vicar^ 
let OS, in God's name, proceed coolly in 
this business of Nepo ; but what aay 
you as to If aster Manente ?"'—<' I aay, 
Terily/' answered the Vicar, " that 
there ia no longer any manner of doubt 
bnt that this is the wv same, and that 
he never changed this Life for another." 
^<^ That being the case," rejoined the 
Magniflco, " I am now prepared to pass 
aentenoe, to the end that these unfor- 
tunate litigants may at length be ex- 
tricated from this web of entangle^' 
ments." So saying, he sent for the 
brother gddsmiths, (who came, al- 
though very reluctantly, seeing how 
matters were likely to go against them,) 
and innsted on their forthwith em- 
bracing the long-lost Manente ; after 
which he gave judgment to the e^ 
fbot fbUowing, (via.) That for the re^ 
msinder of that day Michel Angelo 
ahould remain in poeeesaion, for the 
purpose of packing up all the goods 
and chattels whidi ne had brought 
with him into the house of the ^3rsi- 
dan : that Monna Br^ida, with only 
four shifte, besides her gown and pet- 
ticoat, should withdraw to the hottae 
of her brother Niccolijo, and there re- 
main till ahe was brought to bed c that 
after that event had taken place, it 
riiottldbain the ^^on of Midid An- 

gelo «• Mice dwrge of the inftmt, end> 
in oiee of his refvBal, the nhyaicfaBi 
aright adopt him ; or, if neiuier, then 
that it ahould be aent to Uie Innoce&lBt 
that the etpenaes of her cooflnemeat 
diould be entirely defrayed by MJohsl 
Angdo : that Maater Manente shoald» 
in the meanwhile, re-enter mto poo* 
liession of hia own houae, and have hia 
son reetored to him ; and that, at the 
end of the term ^ her confinement 
Monna Brigida 0he«ld return to live 
with him, and he be compelkd to re- 
ceive her bade again, for better or worae, 
aa if nothing had happened to distwh 
their eonju^ folidty. 

This was apfthmded by all prsawt 
ae a most righteona Judgment ; whereb 
open the two ffOldainitM and Uie Ay^ 
eleian returned their thanha with ntt 
due humility, and fordrwith depairtei^ 
in order to give eflf^ to ita provi ai o oa. 
And so complete was the reooneOli^ 
tion, when aii partiea perceived that 
it was in vain to think of placing mat- 
tera on a different fboting, that they 
ill supped together with Monna Brl« 
gfda tnat same evening, in the hooae 
of Mamr Manente, Burehiello hearing 
them company. His reverence the Vi- 
car was the only person among them 
who did not appear to be aatiiAed, aa 
he had set his neart on making a boo- 
flie of the ooniuror ; but Lorenao woold 
not listen to him, and answered to all 
his sehoitalione, that it waa mndi bea- 
ter te purane the aflkir no farther, and 
that, aa for Nepo, it waa qirite in vain 
to think of taking him, since he could, 
at any time he pleased, render him- 
self invisible, or change his figure in- 
to that of a serpent, or any ouer ani- 
mal, to the certain diacomfiture of 
thosewho attempted it— a power whidi 
was permitted hira (doubdess) for some 
wiae purposes, although such as human 
reason was unable to fsthom ; added to 
which j the danger of provokiiig so great 
an adversary was by no means to be 
overlooked or despised ; all whidi ha- 
ving duly considered, hia reverence, 
(who was in the main a good-natnred> 
easy man, by no means difficult to be 
persuaded^, entered at last into all hia 
views, ana declared hinaelf fully con- 
vineed that it waa the beat and aafest 
course to think no more about it. In* 
deed, the laat of the reaaons assigned 
by Letemo nnire powerfully aflt^ted 
the good Vicar than any of tne pre- 
ceding; nor could he hdp being appre- 
hensive that he had ahtady inenned 

|<n3 ItQlim JH ^ Moagmg. No. IF. 

Aethiit M Hagitofiomegriefoniinar te tfair otomiaB ; aad ««y frequeQtly 
kdy bj bis meie inopoMl tor tb«ar- obterrcd^inalliMiflntQtt, CbatMe^iMr 
lot of the sorcerer ; insoinuch thst» which the father tat* it apt io set <m 
UBCQ bis dying day, nobody ever hssrd edgvtheieeikqfthemm assyingwbicb 
Urn, from thai time forwsid, to mndi passed into a proverb, and lias remain* 
ss proDoonee the name of Kepo, or ed lonongst as to the present dsy. Nor 
give die lesst hint of such s person's was be at sny time, so long ss he li- 
cadstenoe. ved, undeceived on this suluecty sl- 
it is nnneeesssr^ to say more with though not only BurdiieUo, but Lo- 
icigud to the remaining actora of this renzo himself, ss well as Monsco, sad 
eventftil drams, than tliat Lorenio's the grooms, very often delighted them- 
jndgment was punctually carried *into selves and their friends, by recounting 
cxecutioii, and that, Monna Ar^da the whole history of this most sdmi- 
having, in due time, given birth to a rable of hoaxes. He was, moreover^ so 
msle ofipring, the in^rthy goldsmith thoroughly persuaded of the efficscy of 
acknowledged it, and brought it up ss the prayer of Ssint Cvprian, in coun* 
his own until his death, which hsp- teracting the effecto of witchcraft, that 
peniBff about ten years sfter, the boy he not only always carried it about his 
was uen placed m the monastery oif own person, as a preservative, but 
Ssnta Maria Novella, and in' process made his Brigida wear it also. And 
of time was admitted into that holy (to conclude) the worthy doctor lived 
brotberliood, where he became distia* many years uterwsids with his loving 
guisbed fiir learning, and a celebrated mate, m sU joy snd contentedness, in- 
prescher, for hisacnte reaaoningand au* crossing in wealth and in childran« 
garedekqacnoe known among the peo- and, every year, so long as his life 

tby the appellation of Fra Succhiel- lasted, celebrated the festival of Saint 

As for Master Manente, he never Cyprian, whom he adopted for his own 

beiiered otherwise than in the whole tutelary aaint, and ever held him in 

truth of the story fabricated by Nepo the hi^iest veneration. 


lisn eoancB into the world like mosning miMhi«oiaf,aoon thmstiBg uf ihdr heads ime 
ihe air, aad oonvsrsiBg with thdr kindred of the same promietHNi^ and ss soon 
tkcy turn into dust and foigetfolness.— JsaxMY Taylob. 

Who deqis below ? who sleeps below ?— 

It is a question idle sll ! — 
Ask of the breeies ss they blow. 

Say, do they heed, or hear thy call ? 
They murmur in tlie trees around. 
And mock thy voice, an empty sound J 

A hundred summer suns have shower'd . 

Their fostering wsrmth, and radiance bright ; 
A hundred winter storms have bwer'd 

^ With piercing floods, and hues of night. 
Since first this remnsnt of his rsce 
Did tenant his lone dwelling-pUoe. 

Say, did he come firom £ast,-<->fhmi West? 

From Southern climes, or where the Pole, 
With frosty sceptre, doth snest 

The howling billowa as thrf roll? 
Within what reafan of peace or strife, 

" he first dmw the breath of life ? 

Vol- XiV. H 

^ The Unknown Ormve. C^i 

W«8 be of high or low dagroft ? 

Did grandear tmile npoo hit lot ? 
Or, bora to dark obscanty. 

Dwelt be within some lowly eot> 
And^ from bis yoatb to kbottr wed. 
From toil-strung limbs wrung daily bread ? 

Say, died he ripe, and fhll of years^ 

Bowed down, and bent by hoary eld. 
When sound was silence to his ears. 

And the dim eye-ball sight with-held ; 
Like a ripe apple fisQling down, * 
Un^aken^ 'mid the orohoid brown ; 

When all the fHends that bless'd his prime. 

Were yanish'd like a morning dream ; 
Pluck'd one by one by smuneless Time, 

And scatter d in oblivion's stream ; 
Passing away all silently. 
Like snow-nakes melting in the sea : 

Or, 'mid the summer of his years, 
When round him throng'd his children young. 

When bright eyes gush'd with burning tears. 
And anguish dwelt on every tongue. 

Was he cut off, and left behind 

A widow'd wife, scarce half-resign'd ? 

Or, 'mid the sunshine of his spring. 

Came the swift bolt that daah'd him down ; 
When ahe, his choaen, blossoming 

In beauty, deem'd him all her own. 
And fOTWtfd look'd to hamiier years 
Than ever bless'd their vale of tears ? 

Perhaps he perish'd fbr (he fkith,— % 

One of that persecuted band. 
Who suffei'd tortures, bonds, and death, « 

To free from mentd thrall the land. 
And, tmling fbr the Martyr's fiime. 
Espoused his fete, nor fbund a namef 

Say, was he one to scienee Mind, 

A groper in Earth's dungeon dark ?— 
Or one, whose bold aspiring mind 

Did, in the fair creation, mark 
The Maker's hand^ and kept his aoul 
Free from this groveHing world's control ? 

Hush, wild surmise !— *Hk vain — ^tis vain — 

The Summer flowers in beauty blow. 
And sighs the wind, and floods the rain. 

O'er some old bones that rot below ; 
No other record can we trace. 
Of ftme or fbrtune, rank or race ! 

Then, what is Itfb, when thus we see 

No traee remains of Nfe's earea^^ 
Mortal { whoe'er thou toct, fbr diee 

A moral lesaon gloweCh heic ; 
Put'st thou in augbt of earth thy trust? 
'Tib 'doom'd that dust shall mix with dust. 

What doth U matter itt&n, ifUms, 

Withmit a stone, without a name, 
To impotently herald U9> 

We float not on the hreatli of fame ; 
But, like the dew-drop from the flower^ 
Ftm, after glitteriog &t an hour. 

Since aonl decays not ; freed from earth. 
And earthly coils, it bursts away ; — 

Reodving a celestial birth. 
And spuming off its bonds of day, 
^ It soars, and seeks another sphere. 

And blooms through Heaven's etcamal year ! 

Do good; shune?il; live not thou. 

As if at death thy being died ; 
Nor Error's syren voice siUow ^ . 

To draw thy steps from truth aside : 
Look to thj journey's end — the grave ! 
And trust m him whose arm can save. 


Sia, — ^I beg leave to offer you a sketch of one of the numerous American 
Befolntions, drawn up from authentic sources in the country itself. I am 
well aware of the indifference, I might almost say disgust with which 
South American or Mexican polities used to be receiv^ by Uie public ; and I 
by no means wish you to give this sketch a place, if such be still the go- 
neral feeling. Nevertheless, there are one or two features in the Mexican 
Revolution which distinguish it fVom all those of ChiH, Peru, &c First, 
the drcomstanoe of the change having been brought about orincipally by Spa- 
nish officers, and eventually receiving its oonflrmation at the bands of a Spanish 
Vioerov of high character, and who either acted from the moat culpable weak* 
neai, tne moat unnational liberality of political wirit, or the deepest treachery. 
Seeondly, there having been little or no bloodshed, nor way confiscations of pro- 
perty, nor anv arrests, nor any extensive enthusiasm on either side — and, final- 
ly, the ringnlar mixture of moderation and ambition in the Chief, who per- 
tahily wi^ed to possess kingly authority ; but who, throughout, conducted 
lelf with so much temper and forbearance, and shewed so much real good- 
and kmdness^ and was always so much more ready to forgive his poutical 
than to crush them, that it is difficult to view him as a common 


I nave manv thanks to return you for the gratification your Magazine af- 
forded me in ttiose distant r^ons, for I was sure to find it in all those places 
where the dawning light of knowledge was beginning to appear. 

Your most obedient Sorant, 


AiooT the middle of 1890^ aeoounts by their own fedingsou the subject re- 
were received in Mexico of the revo- solved to resist, if possible, this change, 
hatiaa in Spain, and it was sooi| made by force of the army under their or- 
known that orders had been sei|t tp ders. The popular sentiment, as may 
Apodacca, the Vicerov, to proclaim the be supposed, was against such a pro-i 
Cooedtmion to whi^ Ferdinand the ject ; and the seeds of an extensive re- 
Seventh had sworn. But it appears volt were in this way unconsciouslv 
that Apodacoa, as well as some o£ the sown by the very persons who, of all 
principal oencrals, either acting under others, it may be supposed, had the 
Mvetofdiaa from Spaioi or prompted inttresta of the mother country most 


ftt heart New kries of troops weK 
made in ooneeqnenoe of theae detenni<i 
natioDS on the part of the royalUts ; 
and the wh<^ country waa gradualijr 
and almost insensibly rouaed Into mik«* 
tary action. 

The chief obstacle, as it was thought 
hj these leuiers, to the snooeas of their 
plan, was the presence c^ Don N. Ar-*^ 
miflo, whose attachment to the cause 
of ttie Constitution was too wett known 
to admit a doubt of his supporting it. 
He was therefore dismissed from the 
command of the military diyision sta- 
tioned between Mexico and Acapuloo ; 
and in his place was ngDointed Don 
Augustin Iturbide, an (ffioer who, on 
the occasion of an insurrection some 
years ago, had shown himself a steady 
adherent to the interests of the King, 
although a nativeof thecountry. There 
ia also reason to suspect that ne was a 
party to the aecret projecta alluded to 
above ; and that, when he left Mexico 
in Februarr 1881, he was implicitly 
eonfided in by the Viceroy and nis as- 
aodatea. It is difficult otherwise to 
ebneeire, how he should have been in« 
trusted at that time with the escort of 
more than half a million of dollars, 
destined fbr embarkation at Acapuloo. 
And it is not improbable, that, even af- 
ter he had seized this money, the Vice« 
roy and the Generals were under a be- 
UdP that he had taken this step in fur- 
themnce of their views, since he was 
aSowedto enter the town of Leon with 
his prise, where it is notorious he mi^ht 
have been taken, had not the com- 
mander of another division of troops, 
who Was called upon to assist in tne 
recapture, declared that he had or- 
4ers from General Cruz not to act hos- 
tOdy against Iturbid^. Be these sur- 
mise* true, or otherwise, it is certain 
that Iturbid^, on seising the mon^y at 
cpliUie called Iguala, about 180 miles 
mm Mexico, commenced the rev<^- 
tion by publishing a paper, wherein he 
m^poaed to the Viceroy that a new 
smn of government should be esta- 
blished, independent of the motiier 

• As alia doMment, which bears the* 
tjHe of the «« Plan of Iguala,** has been 
riiade the foundation of all the suboe*' 
^uent proceedings of the revoltttiouiJ 
ists, and is still the text, the spirit and 
principles of which direct, or are said 
to direct, the councils of the govem- 
tnent, it may perhaps prove not unin^* 
fteresting to give a sketdi of hs leading 

SkHdk^tkeMmhHonm^eaiica. C^^ 

R bears date the eiih February, 
1891, the dav after Itivbid^ had pos- 
sessed himself of the treasure under 
his escort 

Artide 1st Secures to ^e country 
the Roman Catholic religion, to tfaie 
entire intolerance of any other. 

9d^ DedaresNewSpnn independent 
of Old Spain, or any other country. 

3d, Defines the government to be s 
limited monarchy, '^ r^iidated accord- 
ing to the spirit of the peculiar con- 
stitution adapted to the country." 

4th, Propoaesthat the Imperial Crown 
of Mexico be offered finit to Ferdinand 
VII. ; and, in the event ofiiis declining 
it, to several of the princes of that ftmi- 
ly, but specifying that the representa- 
tive government of New Spain shall 
have the power eventually to name the 
Emperor, if these Princes ^all also re- 
fuse. Artide 8th peteta this out saore 

5th, 6th, and 7th Articles relate to 
the details of duties belonging to the 
Provisional Government, which is to 
cotirist of a Jvtoto and a Regency, till 
the Cortes or Congress be assembled 
at Mexico. 

9th, The government is to be msp* 
ported by an army whidi shall be^ 
the name of ''The Army of theThi«i6 
Guarantee8."'-'nie9e guarantees, itap* 
pears by Ae 16th artide> are, l8t,Tm 
Religion in its present pure Stilte. 'ddlVj' 
The Independence; and, Sdly, The 
intimate Union of* Americana and 
Spaniards in the country. 

lOth and 1 ith. Relate to the duties 
of Congress with respiect lo the form- 
ation of a constittttiofr on the prind- 
ples of this «< Plan." 

12th, Dedares every infaabtti^t of 
New Spain a citizen thereef-'-of wfaat-^ 
ever country he be ; and renders every 
man el%ib1e to every office, wi&out 
exception even of AfHcans. (Subset 
quentfy, a tnodiikation of tlds artide 
excluded slaves.) 

1 Still, Secures persons and property. 

lidi, Strongassurancesof maintain*- 
ing, untoudied, the privileges and kn« 
munitles of the^hurc^*. 

15tli, Promises not to -remove indi- 
viduals firom ilieir present office 

16th, (See 9tk.) 

17th, 18th^ 19th, and SOA, About 
the fonnatibn of the artny, add ottier 
military detaOs. ' • 

Slst, Until new laws be framed^ 
tiiosesf the present-Spainbh eonstitaii 
tion to be in force. 




Wiy lJ0Ci0C8 tKOBOn -i^anst' toB 

independence, to be necmdinily to M« 

S3d, To the Mine efl^ci. 

9ith, Points out that tho Cortes, or 
Somre ign Congren, is to be a consti- 
taent asseiDbly ; to hdid its sesstonr 
in Mexico^ amd noi ui Madrid, 

It may be remarked, by the way, 
that diis plan dexterously weaves intO' 
its cs a en ce the direct and obvious in<- 
t ewi i U of all classes in the communi*' 
ty, espeeiaily of diose who have most 
to lose — the dergy and the old Spa* 
Mvis, aad who, oesides, have by ftr 
tile most extensive moral inflaence 
over society ; the on&by bdng in pos«^ 
sesHoa of nearly all the capital in the 
oowtcry , and the other by having gain-* 
ed, in tunes past, an infloenoe overmen's 
nhida, to which, perhaps, there does 
net DOW exist a narauel in the Christian 
worid. But, alunrngh this be nnques- 
tionably the case, yet both these par** 
ties, espedallv of late, have been made 
ta 6el, that toeir inflnenoe, and even 
cxlMence, turn npni opinion alone, 
and diey are sufficiently aware that 
they nay kie both in a ntoment. To 
them, tnerefore, the conntenanoe of 
power was of great eonsequence, and 
dMir noMst Immediate interest became 
Aat of aumK)rtinr the views of a par*' 
ty, whkh^ mstead of om>re88ing them, 
as had been the caae elseviiiere, con- 
descended to borrow dieir support. 

Again, by not hdding out a vague 
|g<q>ec t m a representative govern- 
ment, but be^nmng at once by calk 
iag the deputies together, and meim- 
wmle nanung a junto and a remcy, 
— dottbts and jealousies were dissipa- 
ted, or put to sleep. And yet, if exa- 
m^ed doaely, there is, with a show 
of nradi disinterestedness, a cautious 
baseness ^ expression in all parts 
ef thii " Plan," wlneh may, and 
probably will, be taken abunduit ad^ 
vantage of by and by. This remark 
qyi^ies more pardcuUrly to article 8d* 

In the interhn, this " Plan" answered 
Itnrbid^s- purposes fuUy, as the flame 
which it had kindled soon spread over 
the whole country* He was also soon 
jeined by several of the most ^fitin- 
guiahed of the King's officers; amongst 
others, by Don Pedro Celestino Ne- 
gRti, (a Spaniard, but married in the 
ceontry,^ and by Colonel Bustaman^ 
te, who brought with him 1000 caval- 
ry. Ob every side the ^reat cities yidd- 
cdat cBce toiy* forces, a^toJbls pertua* 

skm& Such siso was ltarbid<fB address, 
that, in every ease of oonquest, he O0n« 
verted intoaolive (HendsaO those who 
had been indiffeivnt before: and he 
seldom fkiled to gain over to his canso' 
the most powerful of his enemies, sad 
at die same time be wen the oonfi- 
dence and esteem of every one, by hi» 
invariable moderatioo» 

While the mdependent cause was' 
thus rapidly advancing, that of die 
Spanish Government was falling fast 
to pieces. The Yioetoy, who found, 
it impossible to stem the torTent> waa 
^d to abdicate his anduvity at the 
8i^;gestion of the offic^a^ who appear to: 
have adopted a similar eoiunse to that of 
their countrymen in Peru in the case of 
Pesuela* But his successor, Field-Mar- 
shal Novella, could do nothing to re-^ 
store the cause of the King, and Itar« 
bid^ drew his armies closer and closer 
round the capital, with a steady pnw 
gresB, and subduing every thing Mbre 
him. At this critical moment (^B. 0'<« 
Don^jtt arrived from Spain, vested witb 
powers to supersede the Viceroy Apo-» 
dacca* To his astonishment he found 
the countrv he came to govern no ko^ 
er under the orders of his master, bni 
ndsed into an independent state. He 
had come alone, without troepSyand^ 
seeing at aolance that the countiy was 
irrecoverably lost, on the terms at least 
on 'which it had been held heretofbre, 
he endeavouredto make the best oondi^ 
dons he could for die mother ooontrv ; 
and, in order to pave- the imy, issuM a 

Clamation to die inhabitant^ which- 
thed nothing but libenlity and 
hearty congratidiOions upon their ptos* 
pect of happiness — a singular aoett^ 
ment to come from such a quarter I • 

Iturbid^, seeing diis dispositiott on 
the part of O'Donigu to take all that had 
passed in good part, invited him to a 
conference. They accordingly met at 
Cordova, where a treaty, which bcMTS 
the name of that city, want signed on 
the of August, 18S1. By this 
treaty, (yDoni^ju recognised the " Plan 
of Iguala;" and not only engaged 
to use his Influence in conformity 
therewith, but, in order to manifost 
his sincerity stUl tother, he actually 
a^^reed to become a member cf the Pro<» 
visional Gvovemment: todi^teh com-i 
missioners to Spain to offer the crown 
to Ferdinand ; and, in shorty in the 
name of Spain, to m«ke common cause 
with Iturbid^. 

TheaceesaioBof such^maato hia 


Sketch tftke MpimMoti m Mexico. 


puty^ drcmiitlKiioed too m (/Dmifjii 
was, became of iDealcalaUe imporU 
Mice to Iturbid^. It broke down the 
hopes of those, who^ up to this mo- 
ment, had looked for the re-establish- 
ment of the ancient order of things ; — 
it jnatitoi oomnletely the conduct of 
the Spanish residents who had in a fi« 
milar manner yielded to the popular 
tide ; — and it was very naturally hail- 
ed, from the one end of the country to 
the other, as a confirmation of the 
justness and solidity of the indepen« 
dent cause. 

The capital was soon persuaded to 
yield, in consequence of O Donigu's re- 
presentations, and Iturbid^ entered it 
on the 27Ui o£ September. 

At this important moment O'Do- 
niju died, to the great sorrow of the 
Spaniards in the country, who had 
cuculated much upon his countenance. 
But it is difficult to say, whether or 
not his death was detrimental to Itur- 
hide's views. O'Donaju had aheadv. 
done all that was possible to establish 
Iturbid^s immediate objects, particu- 
larly in preventing disunion ; and it 
may be questioned, whether lie wouki 
have co-operated so heartily when these 
elgects came to take a more personal 
and ambitious direction, and when the 
interests of the Spanish crown were 
less and less considered. 

From that period, up to the end of 
Mardi, 18S2, Itnrbid^'s plans were 
steadily carried forward ; the deputies 
to Congress were gradually drawing 
together from the cufierent provinces^ 
and he had time to collect in his fa- 
▼our the suffirages of the remotest 
towns. The *' tngaranti" colours were 
worn by all classes ; and by a thousand 
o^er ingenious manoeuvres the people 
were gradually taught to associate their 

g resent freedom with Iturbid^'s cele- 
rated " Plan of Iguala," and, thence, 
by an easy transition, to look to him, 
individuaUy, for their future prospe- 

The Cortes finally met on the ^th 
February, and one of their first> if not 
their very first aet, was, an edict, peru 
mitting all who diose it, to leave the 
country, and allowing the export of 
specie at a duty of only three and a 
half per cent. This good faith, (for 
it had been long before promised by 
Iturbid^,) gave great confidence to the 
mercantue capitalists, and probably 
decided many of them to remain in th^ 
country, who, had they been less at 

liberty to go, wovld have idt less de- 
sirous of remainii^. 

A rumour, too, was put about at this 
time, that the Inquisition might pro- 
bably be re-established — ^a prospect 
which was no less grateful to tne hopes 
of the clergy, thiA e free export of 
specie was to the merchants ; and, as 
I turbid^ himself, at this juncture^ con- 
descended to advocate the cause of the 
army, by writing appeals, with hia 
name at full length, in the public 
prints, in fkvour of the merits and 
claims of his fellow-soldiers, he dex- 
terously contrived to bring all partiee 
into the best possible humour with 
him indiridually. 

On the 18th of May, 1893, he nre- 
sented to the Congress two Madrid 
oazettes of the 13th and lith of Fe- 
bruary, by which it appeared that the 
Cortes of Spain had declared the treaty 
of Cordova entered into bv O'Doniju 
to be null and void, totally disavow- 
ingall his acts. 

This was, undoubtedlv^ what Itor- 
bid^ had expected ; and the ** Sove* 
reiffn Constituent Congress" immedi- 
atdy decided, '' that, by the fi>regoing 
declaration of Spain, w Mexican na^ 
tion were freed firoin the obligations 
of that treaty, as fiir as Spain was coih 
cerned ; and that, as, by the third ar<i 
tide of the treaty, the Constituent 
Congress were left at liberty, in su<^ 
event, to name ja Emperor, they 
thought fit, in consequenoe not only 
of their own opinion, but in concord- 
ance with the voice of the people, to 
elect Don Augustin de Itinbid^ ^ 
First Constitutional Emperor of the 
Empire (^Mexico, on the baoa no- 
claimed in the ' Plan of Iffuala,' which 
had already been received throughout 
the Empire." 

What has since been the fate of 
Iturbid^, I have not had any good 
means of knowing. The public j^Skktm 
say that he has £en deposed and ill- 
treated. This is very likely. He un- 
dertook too much for the force he had 
under his ooramsnd — and, even if he 
had had one a hundred times greater, 
he was not of a temper to have wield- 
ed it in the despotic manner indispen- 
sable to the maintenance of quiet m 
so vast a country. 

Recent accounts,, which have arri- 
ved since the above went to presa^ 
state, that Iturbid^ and his family 
have been banished to Italy, and ^at 
his property has been 

lass.;] if M Idifl on Mtf Batiks U 


Firrs AND THE MAN I sing, who^ in the yaUeys pf H8mpaliire> 

Ckse to the boroqgb of Andover, oae floe day of the tprmgwdme, 

Beiiig the twentieth of Maj^ (the day, moreover^ was Tuesday^) 

Kghteen hundred and twenty-three, in a fistieal combat. 

Beat, in a handful of rounds. Bill Neat, the butcher of Bristol. 

What is the hero's name ? Indeed, 'tis bootless to mention. 

Efery one knows 'tis Spring— Tom Spring, now Champion of England. 

Full of honours and gout, Tom Cribb surrendered his kingdom. 
And in the Champion's cup no more he quaffii as the Champion. 
Who is to fiU his j^aoe ? the anjdous nation, inquirmg, 
Looks round the ring with a glance of hope and eagerness blended. 
Everywhere would you see deep-drawn and piickered-up faces. 
Worn by the people in thought on this high and ponderous matter. 
Spain and Greece are forgot — they may box it about at their pleasure ; 
Newport may brandi^ his brogue unheud at the Sheriff of Dublin ; 
CamuBg may give the lie to J^ngham, and Brougham be a Christian ; 
Hume may be puffing Carlisle, or waging a war upon Cocker * 
Byron may write a poem, and Hazlitt a Liber Amoris ; 
Nobody cares a fig fbr the Balaam of Baron or Cockney. 
AQ were absorbed at once in the one profound speculation^ 
Who was the man to be the new pugilistical Dymoke. 

Neat and the Gasman put up, and Uie light of Gas was extinguished. 
Woe is my heart for Gas I accursed be the wheel of the waggon 
Which made a tpancake of blood of the head of that elegant fellow. 
He had no ehance with Neat ; the fist of that brawny Bristc^ian 
Laid him in fbll defeat on the downs of Hungerfbrd prostrate. 
Great was die fame of Bill ; the ancient city of Bristol 
^Bristol, the birth-place dear of the Laureate LL.D. Southey-^ 
Bristol^ the birth-place too. of Thomas Cribb the ex-Champion]] 
Hailed him with greetings loud ; and, boldly declaring him matchless, 
OiaDenged the boxing world to try bis valour in contest. , 

* I acknowledge my obUgatioiis to the f «^ My troth, gin yon chidd had sha* 

karned and degant reporter of this battle ved twa indies nearer you, your head, niy 

ftr tbe Fancy Gazette. (See No. XVIII. man, would have lookit very like a bluidy 

pw 40^-^11.) He has been to me what pancake.*' — Reginald Dalton, 
iliai Lee's KmitEQer watte Lord Bjrron's You ne I agree widi Soudiey, a man 

WcfDcr ; and tbe carefhl and judidous cri- for whom I have a particular esteem, th^rt 

tic win findf that I have, like hb lordship, people ought to indicate the most minute 

a man £or whom I have a particular esteem, sources of information. Yet the Doctor is 

copied the very words. otmy origiiiaL I not always so fair— the nostrsplendid pas* 

0ve free leave to any critic to contrast the sage in-his Rodenckis aMrdy a traascrnt 

Gazette with this Id^lUum of mine, print- of a conversation I had with him on loe 

iflg them, if they choose, in paraljd colunms, top of one of the Bristol coaches in the j^ear 

mi catting me up as a plagiary. If North 1814 ; and yet I do not recollect that he 

wiUgrre me the room and pay m^ for it, I anywhere alludes to the drcumstance. In* 

ahaudo it myself most unmercifully. It is deed, he sddpm mentions my name in any 

a kng time tince I have been sufficiently of bis writings. Yet I re8|>ect him highly, 

hadced to pieces.— -M. OD. and frequendy mention hun in my worn. 

I8ead your Balaam to Sir Biohacd, if — M. OD. 
JOB plflMe._C. N.] 

Londcm replied to the call— tbe knd of the CodatefM, indKgmait 
At this *yokel attempt to set up a Champion proviaeialy 
Looked with its great big eyes at Spring aodlBpriBg understood it 
Everything soon was arranged ; the time was fixed for the battle ; 
Cash on each sidie was posted, a eool l#o hundred of sevoeigns ; 
And the affiur was put beneath the gn&daneeof Jackson* 
I sha'n't deh^ my song to say, how aotne Justices tasteless 
Twice by the felon hand of power ^vented the combat. 
Vain the attempt as base — as well the clashing of comets 
Would be prevented4>y them, as the oosla^bt of pug^t rivals. 

Whai the gre^ day arrived, big with the glory of Britain, 
Bustle be sure there was, and ridii^ and running, and metng ; 
Nay, for three days befiHre, the roads were woftdly crowded ; 
All the inns were beset, each bed had a previous engagemrat ; 
So, if you came in late, you were left in a bit of a hobble- 
Either to camp in the street, or deep on three chairs in the bar-room. 
Chaises, coaches, barouches, taxed carts, tilburies, fi4dskeys, 
Currides, shandry-dans, gigs, tall phaetons, jaunting cars, waggons, 
Cabriolels, landaus, aU sorts of vehides rolling, 

Four-wheeled, or two-wheeled, drawn by one, two, thtee, or four horses ; 
Steeds of various degrees, high-mettled racer, or Imnter, 
Bit of blood, skin-and-boner, pad, hack, mule, jackass, or donkey ; t 
Sni^rs on foot in droves, by choice or economy prompted ; 
Grumbling Radical, pickpodcet Wh%, and gendeman Tory, 
Down from ducal rank to the rascally lUAus of fofjLeB,i 
Poured from London town to see Uie wonderAil action. 
Thirty thousand at least were there ; and ladies in numbers 
Rained from their beautiful eyes sweet influence over the buffers. 

Well the ground was chosen, and quite with the eye of a poet ; 
Close to the field of fight, the land all rises around it, 
Amphitheatrical wise, in a most judgmatical fadiion. 
Th^ had the Johnny-raws of Hants ta'en i^aoes at leisure, 
Many an hour before the combatants came to the turn-up. 

We were not idle, be sure, although we waited in patience ; . 
Drink of all sorts and shapes was kindly provided to cheer us ; 
Ales from the famous towns of Burton, Marlboro', Taunton ; 
Porter from lordly Thames, and beer of various descriptions ; 
Brandy of Gallic growth, and rum from the isle of Jamaica; 
Deady, and heavy wet, blue ruin, max, and Geneva ; 
Hollands that ne'er saw Holland, mum, "brown stout, peny, and cyder ; 
^[ttrits in all ways prepared, atark-naked, hot or cold watoed ; 
Negus, or godlike grog, flip, lambswool, syllabub, rumbo ; 
Toddy, or punch, or shrub, or the much sung stingo of gin-twist; 
Wines, in pn^ortions less, their radianoe intermingling,§ 

^ KMtef.l-^Ptoviiicial, I opiae; but Mtt 
not sue. If wieofft ihall correct in Momd 
edition; or, at all enats, in time fis the 

-f Jackat9y or donkey. 1-— I mean the four- 
footed a&lmak. No auation whatever to 
any he or ahe Whig— they being biped.-» 


X FUher fiffigletj u e. pickpocket, 
fo^ is a handkCTchief — M. OI>. 

§ T%eir rt^-di-amce inter-^m^gRng.l 
Tliere ui a fine spondaic foU. .What do 
yon think of that, Doctor Carey f Read 
the hue over three times before you answer. 
It must put you in mind of 
i— — .^* cireQm«»exiL'*«.Fir#-. 

1«»3 MIdSfl <m the JBkf^le., 67, 

Fioiral Uks ^aMin^ mitiid-the rkig, veAre^^ 
Gkd «M I in my aool, tbtoijb I ndMcd my D^ti^ 
And widi a tev in my flye my bevrt fled btek lata Inland. 

*Wbkiy, my jewd datr, what though I have duMen a dweHu^ 

Far away^ and my throat it now-a-days moistened by Hodges^ — 

Dnnk of my eaiiy dayi, I swear I ahidl never forget theef 

Bmmd the nng we eat, the stiff »tufftipsUy qoafl^.t 

Cnmdn be to the^ Jack £eatt; our thanks for the dac^l and spondee ; 

Fesdeman Jack, whom, according to SheUey, the Quarterly murdered 

With a critique as £b11 as one of his own patent medicines.]} 

GQibons appeared at httt ; and, with adjutants versed in the business, 
Tkawe in the stakes and roped them. The hawbuck^ Hottentot Hantsmcn 
Fdt an ol;|ecti«i to be whipped out pf the ring by the Gibbons. 
F^t was accordingly shewn, and Bill, afraid of the numbers, 
Wept hm wh^ in pnce, awsitiog the coming of Jackson. 
Soon did lus eloq[ uen t tongue tip off the blarney among them ; 
And what force could not do, soft talk performed in a jiffy. 

Arm*in*ann with his backer and Belcher, followed by Harmer, 
Nsat in a moment appeared, and instantly .flung down his castor. 
In about tan mimites more, came Spring, attei^ded by Painter ; 
CiOib, the iUnstnous Crib^, however, acted as second. , 
CqnpfimeDts, then, were exchanged, hands shaken, after the fashion 
Of meny England for ever, the beef-eating land of the John Bulls. 
Bfaie as the irdi of Heaveo, or the muchr-loved eyes^f my darling, 
Wi^ the cokrar of Spring-— to the stakes Cribl^ tied it in person. 
T^ow, like Severn stream, when the might of rain has descended, 
ShflDe flNth the kerchief of NeaL Tom Belcher tied it above Spring's— 
But widi a deUcate twist, Tom Cribb reversed the arrangement. 
Flitting the blue above. The men then peeled fdr the onset 
Twc&ty minutes past One 1^31. — So far for a profiu^e. 

Spring WM a modd of manhood. Chantrey, Canova, or Seoular, || 

Graved not a finer form ; hit mnsdes flrmly were filled |ip, 

And with dastio vigour |^yed aU over his corpus; 

Ffaie did his ddtoid show; his neck rose towering gently 

Curved fl^oni the shoulder broad ; his bade was lightsomdy dropt io. 

Over his catide spread a sUg^tly ruddy suflusion. 

Shewing his excdlent state, and the fimuras care of his trainers; 

Confldenoe^besmed firom hk flkce; his eye shone steady in valour. 

Valiantly, too, lodwd Neat, a truly respectable butcher. 

But o'er his skin the flush was but in irregular patches : 

* IFUMry, mg jewel deary jr. 1— .These mltted on that promiiiios young man. 

Am ISam are imrated ftom the Viiion of Mufray can never come to luck, indeed, 

Jadgmcnt. See fhs psnage beginaing, aiaoe Keats* death, he has been pubUiOung 

^Bratol, mybtrdi-plaeedear, what dioa^ SaTdanapahii, and Cain, and Flenry*8 Me- 

I hiwe chSiSD a dw^ing,** &c. Ac— OMnit, Ac && which must give aome la- 

If. OD. tisfacdon to the injured shade of the de« 

t TiptUm f asjrw .l— Prom a poem ceased—M. OD. 

^boat Basdns,wiillai by poor JwOt Keats, t MMmbrnJuj^tiuinj Raw to the last 

asnaftirwhomlfaadapavac^kreiteem. digrae.— Jtf . OD. » .. i. 

I oiivcr can Tsdi the Quafteriy of hue, on |l Scouiar,) His head ofD. Bndgis 

aeeoant of the barbanws muidcr it com- ranks with ChantreyV of Sir W. Scott. 

Voi^ XIV. I 

6d An Id^l m /fte Batth. C*^oly, 

£yen on hid chetkn, ilie bbom was searee ike htead^ of tt delklr. 

Gm, thoa wert plainly there! I would he had left theeto HasHtt, 

Ay^ or to any one ebe^ aH dtoring the process of training ! 

Bootless 'tis now to complain^-Bill Neat> yon werehodiered by Dafly ! 

Long did they pause ere they hit — ^mnch cautions dodging and guarding 

Shewed their respect for each other; four tedious minutes^ ere dther 

Struck^ had elapsed ; at last Tom Spring hit out with the left hand^ 

So did Bin Neat with the right, hut neither blow <fid the business. 

Neat then made up fbr offence, and flung out a Jolly right-hander, 

Full for the stomach of Spring ; but Spring judiciously stopped it, 

^se it had flattened the lad as flat as the flattest of flounders: 

Even as it was, it contused the fleshy part of his fore-arm. 

Neat tried the business again — ^'twas now more happily parried. 

Spring, with a smile at the thought of the smash he had given to BilTs fist. 

Put down his hands for a while, but soon gathered up to the onset :. 

Hit and re-hit now passed, but Neat threw off^a right-hander 

Meant for certain effbct. The true sciendfical manner 

Shewn by William in this was loftily cheered by the audience. 

Thunders of clapping ensued, and the whole ring roared like a buHock. 

Neat grew ofibnsiye now, but the stop and parry of Wint^ 

[^Winter is Spring's real name, though they call him, for toeri^, Tom Spring]] 

Punished him step by step, as Bill drove him into the comer. 

** Now is the time," cried Belcher, and Bristol waited the triumph. 

But the position of Spring prevented all awkward invasion. 

In-fighting thien was tried, that came to a dose and a straggle : 

Under came Billy Neat, as Ajax under tJlysses. 

Spring came over him hard—And 3 to 2 was the betting. 


Spring shewed the same strong guard, but ever ready for action. 
Neat heffLii to breathe short, when, wap ! came a flushy right-hander. 
Plump on his fore-head, and, lo ! the stream of the claret was flowing, 
* Sanguine as butchers will bleed, not at all like the ichor of angeh. 
Out did he hit to the right — Spring sprung back — ^Neat again tried it, 
But, on the side of the head, he got such a lump of a twister. 
That he was turned quite round, and nearly saluted his tnother.t 
Stupid and senseless he looked like a young whig lawyer of Embro'— 
($ome little mealy-faced pup, amazed with a recent suflhsion 
From the uplifted leg of some big boardly bull-dog of Blackwood) — 
Then did the hooting arise, from various people indignant; 
And, in the hubbub loud^ " Cross, Cross !" was frequently mentioned. 
This brought Neat to his senses, «id Straight he took to in-fighting. 
Bloody hard hits came firom both — ^'twas head-work chiefly between them : 
Down in the ei^d went Neat, and blue looked the betters of Bristol t 

Stottnir tif Cj&frir* 

Neat tried his hand at hard hitting— and then were iiiiB heavy exdianget. 
But in one counter-hit, his blow was heavier than Tommy's^ 


* Sanguine at butckert wiU hieedy n§t at Bangtiiiie, such as celestial spirits may 

aU like ^ iehor ofangeh.]^ UeedL**-«MlLTOK. M. CD. 

"^ Prom the ^a^ f Hie mother] L e. the Earth. Thia I 

Aitisam of nectareoua humour issuing, explain for the groondlingSM-Jtf* OD. 

imXTi M Id^lon the Batik. 60 

For ii aent him aw«j. Bill Neat then bunt out a^laughii^ 
like the Olynpiaa Godg at Vuloui handing the stingo. 
He followed up lus aucceat ; and after lingpuig the changes. 
Planted a teixUe lunge on the short-rib department of Thomas. 
Thea he gare all his weight to a blow, and floored his opponent, 
ComiDg down with him himself. On this, a terrible uproar 
Eoae from the Men of the West— a shout of jubilant cheering. 
Short is the vision of man ! that very round had undone him. 
For, in the counter-hit, h^ broke a bone in hia fore-arm. 
What is the name of the bone ? — ^Well, since you ask me the question, 
Badhu, 'tis called by Cline, a most anatomical surgeon* 

Firm waa the guard of Spring ; Neat worked most anxious to get in— 
Vainly—^ Spring baffled all his attempts, just as if he was spaxzing. 
Soon he tooV the o&nsiv^ and the woful yokels of Avon 
Heard his fists, right and left, rap! rap! on the body of Billy.* 
One— two nobbqrs, besides, did he administer fireely ; 
An the while poor Bill fell oat for the libs with the left hand; 
Every hit being fhort, said the right hand quite ineffi^tive : 
Backward and forward jumped Spring, and grasping his burly opponent. 
Caught him up frem the groun4y and fell down fairly upon him. 
^oriooa! sublime was the Awl, and these waa no saying against it, 
Bristol looked very Uaak, a0 blankr as the Island of Byron« 
Loud did the WeaCens ery> *^ Bill, what has become of your right h^nd? 
Gemini, man 1 My eyes! Hey! Qoit! What are you or/er T't 
was 5 to i. — ^In fact. Bill Neat was d^eated. 

Lump we a eouple of rounds, for I'm in a devilish hurry. 

Being invited to dine at the Dog and Duck with Pearce £gan« 

Mtal waa quite stnpified now,{ a mere Phrenological fellow. 

Who, aa we happen to know, cannot lell a man'a head from a turnip. 

All h]a>hits were at mndom; on getting a bodier slanting, 

Down he'dlbve gone for time, hot Spring, with the kindest intentions. 

Lent him a merry-go-down, to freshen his way in the tumble* 

Murmurs thai were of fi>ul ^y, as if he had fidlen out of fancy 

Without the aid of a hit; butJadMon> unerring as Delphi, 

Stated the fi^tas it waa, and dedsion dwdt on his dictate. 

As for lonad tiie sixth, 'tis hardly worth the rdating. 

Neat was pelted about, and knodeed down like a cow in the shamblffl. 

Still there was pludc in Bill ; Spring feared a customer rumniish. 
Cautiously, therefore, he fought and parried the ainister lunges. 


* Heard hU JUis^ right and left, rap t X A mere Phrenological fiUowy whOy at 

fmfi •» A« MFy ef jBM/j^]^ Imitated me happen to know, cannot tell a mamh 

Aom Iteadfrom a turnip. I— See the orgsnirition 

^^ Heaid thebcDfroiD the tower toll ! tdl! of that celebrated Swede, Proftsaor Tom- 

m Ihe aikaes of eveoiqg^" hipMOD, as devdeped in thoae twosdcntifle 

SovTmMY»<^mJd. OD. worloh the TranMctiana of the Phsmofegi- 

t JfUr,^ 'PiwtflilsnAi^ift^.— cal Society, and the Noctes Ambrosiaoc^ 

AL OD. No. VnL— M. OD. 

to An Idyl on Hi€ Batik. t^^p 

One^howeYer, tobk'pkoecm theri^tlowa-rflMof tlielittOy > 

Whereon he iparred for a hit, i/Ai\ek he |>l«rted ^Mti ent tioA aflbotiMi, 

Right on the braio^lMX of Keaty 1^^ thoogh not given to pr^^ 

Sunk on his narrow-bones itruf^ht* in a fashion godly and pioiis. 

Instantlj roie a shont, a riif-raff-nifllai^ i^oaring, 

Hallabiilloo immense, a most ^rttm^BOus tolley ; 

Codcneyhmd erowed Uke a eoek, and theli^ gave ata eoho paiiltly. 

AtrnH tf^^ ran K«(t 

Neat came up once more, but the fight was over ; again he 
Hit with the dexter artn, unAfeU that he now was defeated. 
Spring in a moment put m a ramstam heUj^gq fister^ 
Down to the ground went Neat, and with him down went the battle. 
" It is no use,** said Bill ; " my arm, do you see me, is injured — 
Therefore I must give in.** He qioke— and, moomfully placing 
On the sore part his hand, he shewed the fracture to Tom Spring. 
Seren-and-thirty minutes it lasted— ten of them wasted 
In the first round alone. The glorions news came to London 
Somewhere about e^ht o'dock ; but still increduloiis people 
Held the report as fhlse ; and, even approaching to midiu^t» 
Bets were laid on Neat— «o much was Spring undervalued. 

Woe was in Bristol iown*-woe, woe on the Serein and Avon ; 
Clifton, theetit of the gay, looked dull and ai^foUy gloomy; 
Grief was in Badi the polite ^ a monmftd air ef dcjaetkm 
Reigned o'er the taUes of whist ; and mugs, aa ikir as the morning. 
Looked like the ten of spades, or the fiice of my Lord Grim«6rixzk.* 
Bound the old BeddiiFdiuroh was bdd aa aggregate meeting, 
tStormy and sad by flta^-where some, with sceptical speeches^ 
Doubted the fact of the' ease— or, cunningly crooking Uie fingcn, 
Made a X in the open aSir, affltmting the moon-beams ; 
Others but shook the head, and jingled the com in their podcets. 
Cheering themselves with the mucb-kved sound of tHe gold for the last tinie. 
But in the shamUes of Bristol, among the butcherly people. 
There was the blackness of sorrow ; loud oaths, or s uwv w M moaning. 
Rung IB the seat of slaughter— but slaughter now was snspen^ted ; 
Mute was the marrow-bone now, the ancient music of Britdn ; 
Cleaver, and .bloody axe, steel, hand-saw, chopping-blodc, hatdiet. 
Lay in a grim repose; and the hungry people of Bristol. 
Could not the following day get a single jdnt for chek dinner. 
But when the cross was suggested,^ the whole blade body of bntohars - 
Raged, like a troubled sea, with a wild and mutinous uproar. 

Such was the state of the West Meanwhile Spring travelled to London, 
There to be hailed as the Champion bold of merry Old England. 
Neat he saw in bed-^his arm was fiutened with splinters — 

* Face of my Lord Grim^Grixzte.^ — Is not mine something like ?— M. OD.— . 

An aoquatntance of Mr Lsmbton^s, who [Of course..— C K.] 
csUs him the Erl-King. Mark the spon- t % The whole hhdc hodjf ofbntthere ragfdy 

dale again, Dr Carey.-.M. OD. like a troubled «ea, with a wild and mmiim 

f Stormy and tad by Jlt4.].lSet Homer, nous «/froffr. V—Iadtated from 

IL 7. *^ A meeting of Thijain was hcM,** — -.«> The wiisle dnaeiwdrsf darkncH 

says the old lieUiBw, . Raged Uks a trooblsd sea, wtdi a wfld and 
AIM kAi TM-^^vma M. T X mutiiiQ«afi|iioajr.-.8ow«iiaY,'' 

1883.;] An I^( on thi BaUU. 71 

And in tbe bed of hit fist Tom nobly inserted some shinen. 

ttn was sulky, however; and still he lustily vauntedj 

That, if his ann had not bBokOj he must hare been hailed m the Champion— 

That can be known, however, to the Fates and Jupiter only. 

Where are the cha£fers now, who swore that Spring was no hitter ? 
Tbat he could scarce make a dint in a pound or a half-pound of butter ?— 
Mdted all ftat away, like the butter.of which they were speaking. 
Long live the Champion Spring I and may his glorious annals 
Shine in the ^pagei of Egan as brig^ as the xeeord of Tom Cribb ! 
One man more must he fought, however ; — ^Arise to the combat, 
Biie to the Champion's crown, arise, I say, Joshua Hudson ! 
That will be the fight — ^meanwhile Spring lords the ascendant; 
Therefore hnxxa fiv Spring — and I make my bow to the public. 

[[" To-monrow for fresh fights and postures new."]]— Miltok. 

M. OD. 

\* It IS an undoubted historical diet, that Neat's broiherhood, the butch-' 
en of Bristol, betted particularly thick upon him. He must be a rigid moral- 
ist, indeed, who woula condemn this. *' Butcherus sum, Imteheriam nihil a me 
ahenum puto," will hold as truly, ay, and more truly, than the original pas- 
sage of tbe dramatist, which, asserted^ that all human cares were participated 
in bf all human beings. The butchers, consequently, were severe sufierers; 
one poor fleaher* bled to the tune of six hundred pounds-Hin amiable man, 
with an interesting wifb and six small children. The green visage of Uie 
Sheriff was seen in the market ; and a vast quantity of the implementa by 
which the most powerftd of cattle fell, -fell themselves in turn under the &tal 
hammer of the auctioneer. It is not wonderfiil, under such drcumstanoes, 
that the butchers should shew much sore fiesh. Among them it is a general 
belief that Neat did cress it ; and socordinely he is not sd popular a preadier 
SB the Reverend Neddy Irving, bj Beveral^cwgrees. Besides, national pride is 
against the belief, that a Herefordshire man, ored in London, ahould subdue 
the flower of Bristol, the wonder of the western land. Neat, however, ia in- 
dignant at the idea, and lays the whole drcumferenoe of the bUune upon hie 
broken radius. We happened to be bye in Bristol, when a young gentleman, 
six feet two hia;h, of a mild countenance, slightlT pitted with the small-pox, 
and conddenblv blown up with brandy, was coming off a Southampton coach, 
in company with his father, a very decent-looking seventeen-stone old body. 
The father and son were conversing afiably about the late event, which has 
hnni^t more ruin on the western empire than any disaster since the days of 
Honorius ; and the son, just as he stepped down, remarked gently, '' By — -, 
Neat sold the fight." A man of a certain appearance, with his right arm in 
a aUngy was standing by, and asked, vrith more energy than politesse, '* Who 
the hhuea dost thee sp^ of?"—" Why," said the youth, 'SNeat, who sokl 
tbe fight." On which tbe man of the arin, putting forth his sinister bunch of 
fives, aahited the voongster under the ear with a blow that projected bun about 
teven feet six incnes across tbe street, deposited him in a place of safety in the 
sink, and sent the blood gushing forth, with the most fluent liberality, ftom 
month, nose, and ears. " "Sow," ssid the striker, ** I'm Neat ; what dost 
thee say to that ?"— «< Nothing at all," replied the strikee, " only that I am 

Bat forty thousand knock-down blows would not satisfy the bodj-politic of 
the butchers. We were ourself in company with a very interesting and in- 
genious person of that tribe, with whom we had much conversation. He is a 
traly fine and amiable butcher, who had lost a quantity of cash on the fight. 
He vented his indigr<ition sadly against Bill Neat, ana his wrath would not 
"be appeased. He ventured to sugges^ that BiU's arm being broken, quite did 
np ail his chance; and hinted, that, in fiict, he had no chance even widient 
the smssh of his bone. In truth, we may as well at once tell the reader, that 
velsok upon Spring as the better man^-iardy to be sure, sometfung like a 

'm An Idifl on the B^tU. lA^lf 

British reriewer, but still of guard impeuetrable, great cookies^ igte^i oourag^ 
and great sdeuce. Neat is a man more of genius than cultivation — in ruf- 
fianing superb, in skill defective. Now, as we know that they are men of equal 
we^t^ or that the diffb:«nce^ if any, is for Spring, lie being S pounds 
heavier, and that he has the advantage of beinff a nicer heigh^ via. 5 feet 
114 inchesy while Neat is 6 feet \ inch, we say wat no ruffiaiMMity can e(ver 
beat science under such circumstances. This we stated with our utmost eU>« 
auenoe to our ^iend the butcher, but in vain. He had a preconceived theory 
that Neat could beat, and wmdd not, which no facts ocmld conquer. Un- 
doubtedly, however, our friend, the ft^er of oxen, is a man of gemus ; for hd 
wrote a song in the height of his indignation, of which he kindly gave na « 
copy, on conditioB that we should keqp it a secret. We therefore commit 1% 
in confidence to tmr readers :-— 

Lament of a big Brutal Butcher, 


I was as raw as butcher's meat, 

I vras as green as cabbage. 
When I sported bkmt on Billy Neat, 

The ugly-looking savage. , 

I was as dull as Pistol stone. 

And as the Severn muddy. 
Or I should have had the humbug ki^wn. 

Of that big bruiser bloody. 


I was as dull as a chof^ing-block. 

As stupid as a jack-ass. 
Or I*d not have laid on such a cock 

One whiff of my tobaoooes. 

For budding flower, or leafing tree, 

I now don't csre a splinter ; 
For Spring is a colder thought to me 

Than the bitterest day of Winter. 

Woe, woe unto the market-place ! 

Woe, woe among the deavers ! 
For sad is every greasT ftoe 

Among Bill Neat's believers. 

I'm nx^ed of notes both small and great, 

I'm rooked of every sovereign ; 
So bloody curses on BiU Neat, 

.Whatever king may govern ! 

We do not hesitate to say, that the autiior of these verses is a poet,, and are 
not vrithout a hope,^that the same age, which saw raised firom humble degree 
to the hdffhts> or at least declivities, of Parnassus, such souls as those of ov 
own, our dear inend Ho^ the Shepherd ^ Ettridc, or, to leave him out o£ 
tbs question, of Clare the hedger, Cunningham the mason, Blomfield the 
herd, l^tee the ^wthecary, andSto Yearsley the milkwoman, will also have 
the happineai of vrilnpyang the rise and progress of the authoi: of this Lft* 
noitto Humphry Hoggins, ths butdber. 

Quod Testor, 

19d3.]} Oh the Qcrmandixiiiff School cfBloquenet. 73 


No. I. 


An empty liesd and an empty 8t»« been the case long agO) that k to say^ 

macfa, wnen fband united^ as they of- mid-way between the Flood and the 

teoare, in one and the same indivi- Union trf the two kingdoms, we cannot 

diud, incapacitate their owner for any tell, never having been addicted to ar«< 

great mental or corporeal exertion. chai<dogical researches. Bnt this we 

Bat take yonr man^ and cram him will say, that no Highlander ever ate 

with tnrtle soup, roast-beef , and cran« a haggis in a kilt noon a hill of hea- 

berry-tarts, and however Nature may ther, and that if such a thing were to 

abhor the vacuum in his unflimished be found lying in a glen, no untravel- 

upper story, she is so pleased with the led Highlander wouM be able to swear 

Taction of his victualling-office, that conscientiously upon the Bible, whe- 

ibe makes the belly perform the work ther it belcHiged to the v^;etableking- 

of the brain, and shews what is in a dom, was a pair of bellows, or a new« 

man after three finished and regular ly-imported bag-pi]pe. In all like- 

coorses of education. JamY along a hhood he would, with that curiosity 

large public dinner, eaten either in natural to all savages, stick his dirK 

the cause of Freedom or the Fine Arts, into its hurdles ; and being generally 

and you will observe how ideaa seem in a state of hunger, he would b^n 

to be rising up from the very pits of with tasting, and finish with devour^ 

their stomachs, into the countenances ing the contents thereof. But still he 

of the friends of the human race. In would not believe it to be indigenous ; 

an probability, every gentleman pre* nor, in after life, during his sojourn in 

sent has a ninny at eiuier dhow ; but Liverpool, or any other remote town, 

that is of no earthly consequence; the would he devoutly bow down to it, 

dinner does its duty ; the cook makes and worship it as toe idol of one of his 

eferycuba Canning; and the speaker country's gods. Into the history of 

an spare diet, what is he when brought the haggis, we have not time thia 

into rivalry with some glutton of the month to inauire, nor do we know at 

Gcnnandizing School, msnired by a present whether it originally was the 

peck of gjeen peas, and ballasted with dish of a fVee people or a nation of 

beef 8s. per stone, sinking offals ? slaves. But, however like its " hur- 

We intend giving a monthly report dies" may be to '' distant hills," the 

of such dinners ; and without farther Highlanders have had no opportunity 

l^^amble, begin with that of the Scot« in their own country of mucing the 

tish Club, Liiverpool, devoured upon comparison ; and once more we enter 

the ISth of June, ▲• d. 1823. The our protest against this attempt to at- 

Membera of the Club, ^so we are in- tribute a Celtic origin to the *' great 

fonned by our friend Mr Merrit's chieftain of the pudding race," vrnose 

excellent paper, the Advertiser,) met name and lineage, smell and aoiinc^ 

in the Castle Inn, Lord-Street, many are exceedingly Gothic, 

of them in ''splendid Highland dress- However, be the history of the hag- 

es." " The sonsy face of Scotland's gis what it may, there can be no 

imorite dish, the haggis, graced the doubt that Mr D. Abercromby must 

IMve board," &c. Of this most hi- have lubricated the coats of his sto- 

deoQs and indecent dish. Bums, who mach with it most assiduously^ beibre 

did not stack at trifles, said, ** Thy he could dischaige the following ora- 

bnrdies like twa distent hills ;" and tion. " The Bulwark of Liberty, and 

^hen people sit down to dine with the Foe of Despotism, a Free Press,'* 

tbdr own hurdles bare, nothing bet« having been drunk, the Gormandizer, 

ter can be expected from them, than No. I., arose, and thus vivavoced the 

to place a pair upon the teble, and to Chair : — 

ooanL But we solemnly protest *4 Haying been connected with the press 

against the doctrine that holds haggis from my earliest y«frs, and emboldened 

to be the national and characteristic by the toast which you havejust now drunk, 

wt fii Scotland. What may have I am induced to obtmde myself upon your 



On ik$ QotmMdbung School qfBioguenee* 


attentioii for a few momeBti; not, indaed, 
for the pmpote oJ ■hawing tfa< M toni i hing 
<fieeti which haye been produced upon the 
moral, the leUguras* .and the j^olitical 
wodd, by that meet powerfbl engine, the 
picsi ; nor to point out the beocAts whidi 
BUttikind hare daived from the use of it, 
or the evib of which it has been produc- 
tire, (an of which would be quite foreign 
to te oocaaion of OUT pmcnt meeting) but 
to advert very briefly to the objeda which 
the membert ot the Scottiih Club had in 
iriew at its ettaUi^ment-^Before doing 
ao, however, permit me to mention, en 
fosMmU that ttiia day, on which we cele. 
hrate, for the first time, the establishment 
ot the Scottish Club in this town, is the 
«nmver8ary of an event which will ever be 
memomble in the annals of this country* a 
period on which history will long dwdl 
with ddHght, and the anniversary of which 
will fun£h to ages yet unbom the theme 
of many a noble story. Need I state, that 
I aOude to the glorious battle of Waterioo ? 
That event is OT so very recent date, and the 
paitiailars are so very lamiUar to aU of yon, 
vmX I should unnecessarily occupv your 
time by entering into any detail of the gal- 
lant feats performed by the heroes of Bri- 
tain on that glorious day. Suffice it to say, 
that never on any former field of glory, 
distinguished as they have been for deeds 
of arms, did the bravery of the sons of St 
Oeoige shine forUi with ppreater lustre ; ne- 
ver md the lads of Erm display more ui 
theb native heroism, than they that day 
shewed in supporting the repotation of 
their Oenerd« hhns^ the duld of thehr 
own dear ' isle of the ocean ;* and never 
were more noble deeds of daring performed 
by any than were that day dindayed by our 
gallant countrymen, the bold and hardy 
■ooi of the North— 

* Lids who cry onward, bat never cry paiky,— 
Bold Scottish tads, widi thdr tennocks of iMr^ 

What a gkrioos exordium !— and how 
redolent of haggis and heather^ duck- 
ling and sage stuffing. Why did the 
godlike man decline shewing the as- 
tonishing efiTecta which have been pro- 
duced upon the moral, political, and 
religious worlds by that most power- 
ful engine, the Preis ? Why should he 
liave wott^t it £areign to the purpose 
of the meetinff* not« whit more suray 
than the batUe of Waterloo? Not a 
soul ate haggis that day, who had any- 
thing to do with the great battle, and 
they might just as appropriately have 
swaUowed haggis ana strutted in kilts 
upon the Ist of April, as on the I8th 
of June. But we observe, that no 
sooner does a Highlander put on a kilt, 
than he begins with scratching hiui- 


adf into a bdi«r that he detfanmed 
Napoleon. Nothii^ wjll satisfy hun 
but to celebrate the anniversary of tfle 
Battle of Waterloo, where, however 
great the itch of fif;hting, there was 
kss butter than brim^ne, and where 
the fow hundred Highlanders that 
were not killed at Quatre Bras, wwe 
despatehed like so many haggises, and 
left with their hurdles to fhtten the 
soil of the ungratefhl Netherlands. 
What better is aU this vapourhig atMNit 
a day of blood, than the imitatiwe 
cock-a-doodle-dooing of sAoolb^yg, 
who have chanced to see two game* 
oocks slaying each other, and who keep 
flapping their arms as if they were 
themsehres the combatants, ana all ao 
many bloodv-heded Ginger-Piles ? 

But Mr u. Abercromby now leaves 
the ensanguined field of Waterloo, 
and tells tne Scottish Club why thej 
axe aU met together, which, we pre- 
sume, but for his well-timed infonn»- 
tioB, would have remained a secret 
even from themselves. 

^« The objects for i^iich the Sooltiah 
Club was instituted, are such as to com- 
mend themsdves to the judgment of every 
man acquainted with than, and to do equ^ 
credit to the head and the heart of him who 
proposed its estsUiahment, and to you w]i6 
nave matured and brought it to its present 
hish state of reroectid>mty and naefoln^as. 
Theae dbjeota, I bdSeve, I wffl be ooereet 
hi saying, are three in number, via.— .Firsl, 
and cfaidiy, the support of the infirm, the 
sick, and the aged amongst you. Scoond 
ly. The promotion of ttiat omor pmtri^ 
whidk is inherent in every man, but whidi 
is peculiarly characteristic of Scotchmen. 
And, lastly. To preserve fWmi eztinctiod, 
amidst the ever-varying and fiintastical fo- 
shions of every-day invention, the peculin' 
and national dress of Scotland. JLet me 
trespass upon your patienee for a fow mo- 
ments, whilst I briefly make a few hasUl^- 
ooncacted observatioas on each of theae m 
their order.** 

Here the excellenoe of his remarlEB 
proves the fidness of hisi^^flptiaoh. H». 
▼tng, in his skilful exordium^ dedined 
any historical exposition of the power 
of the Press over the destinies or roan, 
which he fdt inwardly would have 
beenaneedlessoondiment to that high- 
ly-savomred di^, a haggis — with si- 
milar iudgment, he remark^ '' ]t 
would be a waste of time, an insult to 
TOur good sense, to shew, by anjr 
lengthened remarics, the necessitjr m 
maxing provision for infirmly, sick- 
ness, aild old age." He then ^des on, 
with an alacrity only posnble io » 



AV./. Mr JK Ah t r tn mi^ 


MiUhMd<v»t«r, into ^ praofef dik 
ftty difficnh propcM ti on, tod aheift, 
M we tlBBk, to tke ntislkctioii of M 
•BdletB, themaaof ttroogdiMtioa, 
Md tke maxtjr lo ooDtdptted bow«ls, 
" dMU it it tbe ioeumbeiit duty of 
ewy mum, whik in the ponevion of 
beilth and tUna^fh, to [mnride, m far 
M Imiiiui eapsflity enables him/ a- 
^unu the ills of life." Having gained 
wta^e-grannd, he then Jaunches 
tadi tnteone of the noblest strains Co 
befeond^ in the fHiole range of onr 
gormaDdising. do^nence. 

^ Highly conducive to the attainment 
•f 'these beart^leligfated purposes, are an* 
inal dinners stmilar to the presenL Their 
cflbcts are to enliven and invigorate the ee- 
neitms and patriotic sentiments with which 
ve are animated. Engaged in the right- 
eoos cause of benevolence, in fulfilling the 
aeir commandment given by the Divine 
Avthor of Christianity, ^ That you love 
«Bt aaodier,' the pleasures of the ftstive- 
baard are reined and consecrated ; it sheds 
aa aioioal; aaactifying influenee over the 
joy^napiring bowl, and imparts tooav con- 
vivial imctoowse a cbarm mors than ho- 

This istheiitf /iIk# «i!^m— theLand's- 
ood — the John-o'-Gfoat's Honse— the 
UltiiDa Thnle— 'the Back-o'-Beyond 
—of the oratory of the Haegis-Bag^ 
To Mr D. Abercromby^ inoi^, be- 
longs the " Os magna sooAturiun/* 
If he eats as he spouts, (and it should 
be so,) his lawbones must be more 
destructive than any recorded in his- 
tory, soared or prmane ; and, to use 
hia own words, with a sUghtMid pan- 
dooable idteration, he must '' exhibit 
in coovivial intercourse a power more 
ihtok homaa." 

Mr D. Abercromby proceeds to the 
second bead of his address, and holds 
forth on the amor ptUrue of Scotch-* 
pien. The promotion of this principle 
is the second great ol^ect of the Liver- 
pool Scottish Club, although it seems 
to us that is somewhat like carrying 
coals to Newcastle. '* It is," says our 
Gormandiser, *' inherent in everv man, 
but peculiarly characteristic of Scotch- 
mea." If so, why dub to promote it ? 
Hear the Haggis ! 

** Never can a Sootdunan cease to love 
the laod of his fathers. Wanderina on the 
daKrt aonds of Africa, immersed in the 
w3ds €i Canada, or trudging beneath the 
bumii^ sun of India, his imagination lin- 
ens 00 die Mils of his native land, * where 
Hooms ^tm red heather and th^e sae 
greoB s* and, nosing on the scenery and 
badridpa of ysaih, he iMnhi of the tkae 


when, weioy iMthetoibaadthe joomay 
of Ulb, he shaU vac MUim, aad lay his 
bones with those of his kindred. But wa 
lava, and aia proadof our country, beeaosa 
it is the Isnd of patriotiena, ieaming, aad 
piety. Can a Caledonian hear the naoMa of 
Wallace and Bxvoe, and his knast nat 
^w widi the bve of Ubertv, or diriU with 
hatred of tyranny? Oaa he cease to bt 
proud that he B a descendant of tboee brave 
Caledonians who Ibr ages hurled defisncs 
firom their hiOi upon the kgkms of Roma, 
aad the armies ti mighty monarchs, and 
preserved their liberty and independtnee 
in the midst of an enslaved world ? The 
kained men whieh our country has aio* 
dacsd, is also another source of die love 
which we bear to die land of our asAvitf • 
A hast of historiaaa, poets, philosopbens 
bgislaton, Ace, might here be mentioned, 
bat with the names of these, every gentle* 
man present is fluniliar. Above idl, the 
piety and good conduct of our eountrymen 
m caloulated, in an eminent degnse, to ren*. 
der US proud of the land 9i our birth, and 
la make us fai love with die place where 
the establishment of paraxial teachers, 
aad the sealous aad fiuthfUl labours of 
ear miaisters, have, onder Ood, prsdaesd 
Boeh happy and pleasant efikcts.** 

Mr D. AbercTt>tnby has now been 
hKrd at it, tooth and nail, snuff and 
snifter, bubble and squeak, fbr about 
a quarter of an hour, or twenty mi* 
nutes, and yet he is fresh as a two^ 
year-old, and without a symptom of 
closing his potato-trap. It is now, we 
shall suppose, about ten o'clock in the 
evening, and each member has finish-* 
ed hisrautchkinof barley-broo. Symp- 
toms of yawning are exhibited, and an 
occasional snore calls from the chair- 
man the mandate of " Silence ! Si- 
lence!*' when our Gormandizer ex- 
claims — 


Pardon me, gendemen, for occupying 
so much of your time, and allow me for a 
moment to glance at the third object which 
the Scottish Club may be said to have had 
in view at its establishment, namely. To 
preserve from extinction, amidst the ever- 
varying and &ntastical fiishions of every- 
day invention, the peculiar and national 
diau of Sootland,^.4be bonnet blue, the 
behad phdd, and kilt and ticws o* tartan 
bonnia. A consir* arable ps^od has elap- 
sed rinse the government of the timethought 
it necessary to treat the Highland charac- 
ter with peculiar harshness. A law was 
passed, and rigidly enforced, to deprive the 
Highlanders of their arms ; and not con- 
tent with extracting the llon*s fangs, they 
must also take his skin. It was declared 
penal for the Highlander to appear in hia 
native dteM. Oentlenent what would aa 
Magljihmsn think If a law vesa psosMslga. 



On the Omifundijtmg Sdkool of Btoqitence. 


tad, and pat in finoe it the point of the 
bayooetf that he ihooM not presame to ap- 
pear, except in the ttaja and petticoats of 
» woman ? Would he not fed degraded 
and inauhed ? And lo did our iathm. la 
It not then astonirfwng, that, thus debased 
and despised* their fine spirit should flag ? 
It was reserved for the illustrious Chatham 
to convert, as it were by magic, these verj 
men, who scarce dared to own themselves 
the subjects of their sovereign, into the 
loyal and intrepid defenders of their kina 
and country. And how did he accomplish 
this? How did he rouse the slumbering 
spirit of the Gael ? By associating them 
in kindred bands ; by arming them with 
their national weapons ; by ^hing them 
in their native garb, and by giving them 
a name to be proud of and to fi^t for. 
And well was he rewarded for this libera- 
fify in the loyalty and patriotism of » body 
of men who valued life only as conducive 
to their country*! fome. Cold is the heart 
that does not warm at the sight of the 
Highland tartan. It is your deure to-pre- 
serve this dress indeed ; but it is to pre- 
serve also alons with it the sentiments and 
recollections of a generous patriotism — to 
cherish the love of country, and to perpe- 
tuate to ftiture ages a remembrance of the 
glories of the Scottish name.** 

Never was the case of Kilt versm 
Breeches so powerfuUy pleaded before. 
BvLt, pray, sir, do yoa call breeches the 
dress of a woman^ as well as stays and 

petticoats ? The Higlilanders were for- 
bid wearingldlts, anod forced to pot on 
breedies. Whv the deril slioald that 
be likened to rordng Englishmen, at 
the point of the bayonet, to wear stay* 
and petticoats ? Mr Abercromby innat 
have been getting into a state at dyr-* 
lation. But hear the finale. 

*^ If it had not been for the distinctioii 
of the Highland dress, the name of S ea t - 
land would not have been heard of as the 
nurse of warriors who fought and triumph* 
ed at Maids, and Egypt, and Waterloo ; 
and It is the wish of the Scottish Club to 
fan those sacred fires which shall hereafter 

flow in the hearts of the brave, and the 
ree, and the loyal sons of the North, at 
tlie recollection of Scotland*s heroic deeds, 
and Scotland's domestic virtues. Such* 
gentlemen, is an imperfect sketch of the 
objects which the Scotttish Club have in 

If it had not been for the distinetioii 
of the Highland dress !^0 Paddy 
from Cork, with your coat buttoned 
behind, what do you think of that ? 

When Mr D. Abercromby comes to 
Edinburgh, he must favour us wiUl 
his company at Ambrose's. We, tooy 
belong to the Gormandising School of 
Eloquence, and will speak or eat him 
fbr a trifle, giving him ^Tt minuteft 
start, and seven to four. 


TffE name of Tory was once ob« 
hoxious, from its connexion with the 
dangerous and exploded doctrines of 
the Stuarts. But time changes the 
apirit of titles as well as of men. 
Toryism, in 1823, is the represents- 
tive of Whiggism in 1 688. The tre- 
mendous lesson of the French Revo- 
lution, has perhaps impressed it with 
a deeper fear of popular licentious- 
ness, and a more solemn deference for 
the wisdom of our ancient institu- 
tions ; it may feel an inferior jealousy 
of the throne, from a fuller experience 
of the checks on iti power ; and a 
keener alarm at innovation in politics 
and religion, from the knowledge that 
it is only preparative to the betrayal 
of both. But in all that made the 
great national service of Whiggism in 
1688, its manly adherence to the na- 
tional privileges, its honest love of li- 
berty, its homage to the supremacy 
of the law^ its vigUanoe over th^ con? 

duct of minisfers, its sincere reve^ 
rence for the Constitution in Churdi 
and State, Toryism now stands on 
the same lof^y ground with the spirit 
of our glorious Revofution. 

It wm be the purpose of this, and 
succeeding letters, to place those trutha 
in a dear point of view. The evidence 
shall be taJcen, not from surmises, nor 
from the suspidous statements of par* 
ty, but fh>m the lips of the indivi<ihials 
tnemsetves, on those most impKntant 
questions which compel a declaration 
of opinion. The Peninsular war of 
1808 has been the prtndpal test of 
our day. 

In some previous observationB un- 
der another head, I have detailed the 
language of the Leader of Opposition, 
Lora Grey, and proved him, out of 
his own mouth, to have been altoge^ 
ther incompetent to guide the public 
mind on that momentous aueation. I 
have sbewn this chitf of Whiggiim t9 


The Tory. lAtitr I. 


bcve adopted views» not merdY tinged 
with the ordinarj weaknen of human 
jodgment, but degraded by utter igno- 
nnoe of the subject, bya weak preju- 
dice gainst all that belonged to a 
manlj policy, by an absurd homage 
£at the enemy, and by a miserable 
powerleaaness of feeling with the feeU 
inga of Kngland. With Whiggism at 
the head of affairs, the great Spanish 
InsonrectioQ would have been actio- 
gushed in its own blood, the Conti«> 
nent in chains to this hour, and France, 
vnda the Napoleon dynasty, the terror 
and the tyrant of Europe. If we had 
peace, it would have been purchased 
oy some wretched humiliation, and it 
would have been only a hoUow truce 
preparatory to a war of extermina- 
tion. If we had war, it would have 
been a lingering and faiopclesa strug^ 
against power accumn fating da3roy 
day ; war without energy and witlk- 
oot end ; ricluGtant, fearful, succeasi- 
leaa, and desperate. Or, if we are to 
bdieve that no man bom on the soil 
of England » could thus abuse her 
caoae, what is the alternative? We 
must decide that the Whigs, in their 
bitter refnrobatiofi of our Peninsular 
policy, were totilly insincere; that 
they inwardly honoured what they 
publicly abjured ; and that their lan- 
gnage was only one of the miser- 
able artifices of party, eager to attract 
partisans, and, tor the sake of a few 
contemptible votes, to vilify the name, 
and hanrd the fttes of their country. 

In memorable contrast to those dis« 
astroua expositions, I shall give some 
extracts mm the sentiments of the 
present head of the administration ; a 
man whose integrity,, public spirit, 
and ktiowledge of government, are 
honoured beyond panegyric, in the re- 
spect and oonfid^ce of the nation. 
In the year 1808, on the first break- 
ing out oi the Spanish Insurrection, 
when the prospects and power of 
Spain were yet all uncertainty, and 
France was sitting on the height of a 
dominion which seemed to dety all re- 
sistance and all casualty. Lord Liver- 
pool thus threw down the pledge which 
ne and his fellow-ministiers have since 
so splendidly redeemed. 

" With respect to Spain, the people 
of that country had manifested a spirit 
and determination to resist the at- 
tempts of their invaders, which vrould 
have done honour to the most glorious 
padod of their history, and which. 

perhaps, were not to be expected un- 
der the pressure of such formidable 
difficulties. Such a scene every man 
in the House, every man in the coun- 
try, must haU with the liveliest satisf- 
faction ; and what every generous heart 
must wish should be done in support 
of so glorious a cause, his Majesty $ 
Ministers would feel it their duty to do* 
With regard to what information they 
had received of the designs or the hopes 
of those brave and resolute men, who, 
in defence of their country's independ- 
ence, were exposing themselves to 
everything which a powerful and san* 
p;uinary tyrant coula devise or inflict. 
It could noi be expected that he should 
now unfold it. His Majesty's Mini- 
sters were fully sensible of the ex- 
treme importance of this event, and 
be trusted they would be found to act 
accordingly." — Debate of January 30, 

I give this f^ragment as an evidence 
of the early decisiveness of Atlmini- 
sitration. While those who had insor 
lently and exclusively assumed the 
name of fHends of freedom, were fee^ 
hly retracting, or culpably resisting, 
the English Cabinet, witbaboldness and 
sagacity that do them matchless honour, 
took up the cause of liberty, bound 
themselves at once to the Spanish cause, 
and^ on the strength of their fidelity 
to Uiat cause, demanded to be tried 
before the nation. The trials of this 
fidelity must not be forgpotten. The 
Spanish cause was, after me first burst 
of triumph, uniformly disastrous. In 
two years from the French Invasion, 
the whole military force of Spain was 
annihilated ; her armies and generals 
had been trampled like dust under the 
heels of France, her civil government 
was in the hands of Napoleon, her 
revenue was gone, her colonies were 
in revolt ; a French army, greater than 
the ^eatest that had broken down 
martial Grermany, had fiooded indo*- 
lent, uowarlike Spain. The roots of 
regular resistance had been burnt up. 
Tne powers of popular resistance were 
unknown. But the honourable deci- 
sion of England had been taken ; and 
while Opposition himg their ominous 
heads over the ruin, and almost trif 
umphed in it as a proof of their pro* 
phecy, Ministars renewed their pledge 
to Spain, and manfhlly foresaw her 

In Lord Liverpool's speech, in the 
jDommencement of 1809, this sentir 


Tk€ Toty. Leittr I. 


mtnt it ixytwoil with the feeliaa 
and dignity of a leader of natiow3 

^' All that they were now oalled 
Bpon to do, waa to record a pabUe 
aTowai of ^eir detenaination not to 
deaert diat eanae^ which die govern* 
ment and the country had esponaedj 
and that they would not be so far dia- 
maycd by those reverses whidi had 
he^ experienced, and which were 
firon the beginning to be expected, aa 
lo renounce that system of support t# 
whidi both his Mijesty and the na- 
tioB were most solemnly pledged, and 
in which it was, in consequence rf these 
fverset, even become a more merrd 
duly to persevere." 

His Lordship's reasoning upon those 
dtdieartening results of the first Spa- 
nish campaigns, is eminently BHtisk. 
Where Opposition found the ruin of 
the Peninsular cause, he finds ita 
strength, and invigoratea his principle 
bv aa appeal to the recollections of 
ajl those glorious struggles^ in which 
dbe spirit of nations persevered and 
triumphed against oppression. 

''Those who inferred that the cause 
was desperate, from those dnastera 
which had alrndy happened, reasoned 
upon a most contracted and imperfect 
view of the relative situation of the 
parties engaged in the contest. He en- 
treated those who were indined to de« 
spond, to consult the records of histo- 
ry, and to review those Instaucea of 
nations, who had been compelled to 
alruggle for their independence in dr» 
oamstances similar to those in which 
the Spaniards werf now placed. There 
it would be found, that nations, often 
maintaining the struggle for ten or 
twenty years, in the oomrse of which 
they had heea almoet uniformly worst- 
ed m battle, had eventualhr succeeded, 
in spite of the triumphs of their adrer- 
aaries, in securing the object for which 
Uiey contended. It was difficult to con- 
eei^ any situation which would war- 
rant better hopes of ultimate suoccss 
than that of Spain at this day. The 
people were unanimous in their resist- 
ance to the invader ; and it was tha 
only instance since the French revolu- 
tion, in which a whok people had ta- 
ken up anna in their own defence. 
The territory of Spain waa aa large aa 
that of Fnmoe within ita ancient M- 
raits, and the country possessed many 
laeal advantages which were extremely 
ftmmrable to ita defencc--advantagc0^ 

ike valtt of wWA die ifmMk fa^ 
tary ooghVl^tea^ m duly toi appnew^ 

f I' 


^ The aanae, in Uself* waamiat im*i 
tersating lothabealfeeUngaef lbt|hioi4' 
nan mmU ; it ofifevad the last ehWbf 
of salvation to the continent of-Bu^i 
vo^; and, taken in a more oonttnotedf 
point of view, our own immedialr«^r> 
cnrity waa in aome measure innived- ' 
in ita fate* He asked, iSdea, if nothing 
waa to be risked in support of a gene- 
rous ally ? if nothing waa te beridDBd 
for the re-establiahment of the graeral 
tranquillity f In fine^ if nothmg waa 
to be risked for our own safety ami in- 
dependence y^-'Delmte of June 19, 

On the moving of the addreas in die 
dhief debate that took place in 1909, 
Lord Grrc^ had inveighed against ad- 
ministration, on the gnmnd Aat they 
had not aul&cient reaaon, in the spirit 
ofSpain, foriavolving£i]^|;landin itsal- 
liMMe. His Lordship wenteverlliebeat- 
fsn trac^Lof ''hvubandingaadpreaerving' 
onr resDurees,'* tilt seme great muex- 
pected aucoeaa ahonld excite our Hbe- 
nlitv. It was '^ no $miden ebtaiHon/* 
(aucn waa thia statesman's conception 
of the rieing of Spain,) '' that ^ould 
have led us to depart nom our eeono^ 
my." Hia Mi^eaty'a Ministers should 
have waited to see a regular and vigor- 
oua adminifitmtionestabliahedin Sf^in^ 
aa wall aa a spirit of proper resistance 
in the people, before they assisted the 
nation. Or,togive^esim^ifrterpre- 
tadon of opposition wiadooi. Ministers 
should have aeen the SpsBiarda trium- 
phant before they rendmd them assist- 
ance ; France ought te have been re- 
pelled before a Britiah trigger waa puU- 
ed ; and the fomoua proclamation of 
the Itfth of Deoember, 180r, by whidr 
the nationamade common cause, sboidd 
have been jpostponed till it ooidd have 
been published wpon the Pyrenees. 
Yet, to do justice to Onpositien, it 
i^ould be remembered, that they al- 
lowed, " rf* there waa a proper spirit in 
the people, assistance should not be 
laAo^r withheld." I acknowledge the 
generoeity of this allowance ; hut when 
I come to ascertain ita extent, and find 
Lord Grey protesting against '' lavifeh« 
iag the nadonal reaourc^,*^ or '^ setid« 
mg an array," as the very '* aend of 
madneaa," I d^ht mya^ in iuMgi- 
ning the nii^ty co-operation wfaidi 
withholda both men rad money, and 


2^ Tory. LeUtr L 


d» homaf^ to the BbenUtr c/[ Whig- 
gMB« lliis speeeli wortnily doa^ 
witli a due beDoing of the knee before 
faaaayitcw Cominenciiig with con- 
toBfH of oor ally, it soitablj closed 
widi panegyric of Napoleoo. ** He 
hid all the oppodte qualities c^Fabias 
ad MarcelhBS ;" he rivaUed '* Hanni. 
bet im the apphcatioD of his toeans, 
and was exempt from his only faul^ 
Aat of not improviiiff by his past ex- 
perieiioe.*' To this terrom' of praise 
idiat ccnild lend an additional glow ? 
Loid Grey finds it in the contrast- 
ed lashneaa, levity^ and haaard, of Mi- 
■istsn. Napoleon ** never enters into 
sa entcfptrise without a calculation of 
eooaeqocDees; he never exposei kUfor^ 
tne to risk, on the desperate chance of 
a diMiami pOiHlnliff ofsaecess/' Sam 
m Lovd GreT's penetration into cha- 
lacter:; ao shallow^ prejndiced, and 
fcahle, waa his estimate of that great 
Bifiitary gambler ; so Uttie capable was 
Ihia Wh^ of sedng human fallibility 
m tiie bloodiest enemy of human firee- 
dgm. The Marquis Wellesley at once 
fnmamnced Napoleon to be '' a mair 
pane to great hazards, and sure to be 
rained by his rashness in the end." 

Lord liTerpool's answer to Lord 
GnfB alngular speech was worthy of 
die man and of the cause. 

** The aoble Earl (Grey) had een- 
soed hia Majesty's government for 
precipitation. He had declared it his 
•niaion, that thev ought to hare wait- 
edto aaeertaan the |m>bability of the 
soeeeas of patriotism in Spain, before 
■Bey ottereQ toe Dpamarus asoscance* 
Ifaa waa a most extraordinary opi- 
nion. What ! when the feeling of re- 
sistanee and oppression was so strong 
and ao general m ^ain, wotdd it have 
bem honourable to the British cha- 
ncier, had his Majesty's ministers 
$M the gallant Spaniards, * We will 
not gpLve you aid, while you are most 
in want of it, while your efforts at 
emancipation are in their infancy; 
but we win defer our assistance till 
yon are in taH strength, and need it 
not.' Had such been the language of 
Ms Majeatr's minnters, they would 
hare indeed deserved the reprobation 
of every man in the country. ' 
Having thus cleared up the prind- 

feof the co-operation, bte rapidly r^ 
is the diarge of rash expectation. 
** His Mtij^itfB ministerB, in em- 
btridng in that cause, were not so 
wttk, 80 improvident, so foolii^, as 

to expect that the first eflbrts of the 
Spamsh people, contending with such 
an enemy, would be crowned with 
unqualified success; that no discom- 
fitures, no disasters, no reverses, would 
retard and embarrass the eaiiy and 
crude operations of undisciplined bra- 
very, when brought down into -the 
open plain to contend with the supe- 
rior discipline, the superior strength, 
and tiie superior generalship, of such a . 
power as France. No ! Weak as the 
noble Earl might suppose ministers, 
they were not yet guilty of calculating 
with certainty upon impossibilities. 
They did not expect tiiat such a cause 
as the cause of Spain, to be fbught for 
with such an enemy as the Ruler of 
France, could be determined in one 

He then turns to the proof from 
history, that national resistance con- 
tains the sure seeds of triumph. 

** I cannot feel lukewarm in my 
hope, that the efforts of Spain will be 
crowned with ultimate success. When 
your lordships consider the great po- 
pular revolutions that have occun^, 
have they ultiroatelv succeeded with- 
out gr^t vicissitudes? Switzerland 
and Holland are instances of this; 
but, above all, America. In that fatal 
contest with America, we had gained 
every battle, we had taken every town 
which we had besi^^ed, until the eap- 
ture of General Burgoyne, and vet the 
Americans ultimately succeeded in the 
arduous contest. In the present im- 
portant struggle, .do not the extent 
and nature orthe country afl^>rd a hope 
of success? Does not ita population 
forbid despair ?" 

He then turns, with brief but vigo- 
rous sarcasm, to the plucldess pohcy 
of the Whig year. 

^* The noble Earl (Grey) concluded 
his speech with a censure on the con- 
duet of his Majesty's ministers. The 
noble Earl may not approve of our 
measures ; so neither do I approve of 
his counsels. I do not approve of 
those sublime operations in Egypt, at 
BuenOR-Ayres, at Constantinople, and 
other places, that emanated from the 
wisdom of those with whom th^ noble 
Earl had been used to act." 

He then closes with a kfly and 
ftehnff peroration on the metres of 
British, sympathy and Spanish resist- 

** Upon the whole, I have the satis- 
fiMstion, in common with the rest of 



The Tory. Letter /. 


hit Migesty's government, to reflect, 
that, whatever may be the conBeqnenoea 
of the struggle in which we are em- 
barked, we have not lost the confidence 
of the Spanish people ; we know that 
every true Spuiish heart beats high 
for thiscountry; we know that, what- 
ever may happen, they will not accuse 
us. Submission may be the lot which 
they are fated to endure in the end ; 
but they do not impute to us the cause 
of their misfortunes. They are sen- 
sible, that neither the thirst after com- 
merce, nor territory, nor security, is to 
be imputed to .us in the assistance we 
have afforded to them on this most 
important occasion. WhateW may 
be the result, we have done our duty ; 
we have not despaired ; we have per- 
severed, and we will do so to the last, 
while there is anything left to cont^d 
for with a prospect of success." — Der 
bate ofAvrU SI, 1809. 

To this powerful and luminous 
speech— of which I have given but a 
fhigment, but of whidi the whole de- 
serves to be studied, and is not less an 
honour to its speaker, than an expositioa 
of the pdicy of the war — no reply could 
be made ; and Opposition, broken down 
at once by defeats in the legislature, 
and unpopularity with the nation, 
abandonea its resistance for a time. 
New casualties at length arrived to its 
succour, and it rose again, to impede 
the interests, and degrade the honour, 
of the empire. ^ 

Why do I insist upon the conduct 
of the Whigs in the peninsular war } 

Because it was the very crisis of Eu- 
rope ; because it was noore than a war 
— ^it was a conflict of the principles <3i 
freedom with tyranny— a great trial 
of the question of national indepeiid« 
ence against universal domination ; 
becsttse such was the palpable and In-* 
trinsic inter^t of the contest to £a« 
rope, to England* and to freedom, that 
those who could not honour the ro* 
sistance of Spain, Or see its visal oon« 
nexion with the hope of nations, must 
be either fools or knaves. 

But if our contempt fbr Whiggism 
could be deepened, what could t&ow. 
it into more cureless ridicule than its 
present damonr for Spanish insurrec- 
tion; a miserable, half-cast descend- 
ant of Frendi Jacobinism — repelled, 
by the people, revolting to national 
manners, uncalled-for by the necessi- 
ties of the country, and, at the sight 
of punishment, flying in despair to the 
remotest corner of ^ain ? What caa 
be more ridicokms than that charlatan 
Wilson, deported from village to vil- 
lage of Portugal, in the midst of jkh 
nular disgust, and, like a beggar, lamed 
i>ack to his parish ? What more silly, 
than the attempt to bolster up tlie 
emaciated fnud of Whig boasting at 
home, by fetes and fbolene^ in taverns 
and theatres ? The failure of the Sps- 
nish ball was ludicrously complete-* 
the influence of quadrilles and syll»* 
bubs, in sustaining a national war, has 
been found impotent— fmd the Whigs 
are without resource fbr revolntiona to 


No. VJI. 
To the Editor of Blackwood s Magmdne. 

Dear North, 

Thank vou for the Quarterly. I 
have just glanced through it witn ra- 
ther a has^ eye, and send you, as you 
wish, my opinions concemmg it. You 
rather astonish me when you tell me 
that people are amaaed at some of my 
former remarks. You are asked, you 
say, what you mean by abusing the 
Quarterly every now and then, and 
every now and then puffing the Edin- 
burgh. As to the latter, that is mece 
matter of taste. The Edinburgh is de- 
cidedly going down ; it is hardly seen 
in decent company now-^aF-days, and I 
imagine it owes whatever circulation 
it retains, to the desire whidi all buy- 

ers of periodicals feel of oontinuiog 
their sets. Therefore, if a good «tid«^ 
a vara avU, nay, a rarisgima, ^ipemrs 
in the Edinburgh, it is open to you to 
praise it, without any fear of hurting 
your own side of the question. You 
may say that Jeffivy's review of Si- 
mimd, for example, was light» skeU^y^ 
and plessant, trifling agreeably, au 
just fit for the caubre of the re- 
viewer. You may allow that Sydney 
Smith can still trim off an article, 
which, if you be in amreathurry^ you 
mig^t admit into yourMagazine* You 
may confess that Brougham is a 9>od 
sort of scold, whose intemperance to 
his literary suj^erimrs amuses you« on 
the same prinaple that you are amu- 


Letters of Timothy Tickler, Esq. No. VIL 


■ad b^ die akngof A bUckpiard going 
tejgaoMt&geittleEiBai. llus, I repeat, 
doei BO kftrm. The cfnalidet of these 
gBMlemcn are admitted bv all ptr ties ; 
aad the cxnartnesa of Jeffrey, the baf- 
foonecy of the parson, the Billingsgate 
of fitoa^unn, senre to float the lumber 
ei the stottery of Maccnlloch, and 
filth of Hazlitt. We now look on it 
as a flort of fangless viper, which we 
aOow to crawl about, permitting our- 
sehwa to smile now and then, if any 
of its slimy contortions please the fan- 
cy of the moment, knowing that it can 
do no hurt. It is indeed quite helpless 
atpreaent. Look at the articles in the 
last on Slates and Virginius, and other 
crockery-ware. Why, sir, the work 
'ddi talks of such trash, except, by a 

iteDoe or so, to dispose of tlvm for 

r, ia destroyed. 

llierefore it is that you may praise 
a ^ood article of the Edinburgh, as I 
sBid before. When it went forth tri- 
vnphing and to triumph; when its 
dander and scurrility dealt death about 
it, it waald have bmi treason to have 
pointed out anything good which it 
contained; it would have been a dere- 
liction of duty not to have taken the 
m on ster bv the horns, and shewn him 
forth in rail brutality, proving that, 
strong as he was in vice, there were 
stiU giants in the land who could ov^- 
msster his evfl power. But now, when 
he has neither noof nor horn, but only 
a pair of great long ears to prick up in 
d»<UiMitf>j it is sumy an act of Chris- 
tian charity, which does not at all in- 

with our allegiance to Tory- 

I, to hold forth to admiration tne 
gsod points of the creature. Puff*ac- 
eordmgly, if it so pleases you, any 
good ardde which yon may see im- 
BKKsed in the Serbonian bog of Con- 
stable's Review, without fear. The 
concern is about as low as their old al- 
ly Dicky Phillips's affiur, whidi I am 
told is still published somewhere about 

Vtyeskj m to finding fault with the 
Quarterly, it strikes me to be pure im- 
pertinence in any of the Quarterly 
people to endeavour to bind you no. 
llie principles of that joumu I ad- 
nsre, I love — I mean its pditical prin- 
ciples. But am I bonna to acknow- 
ledge it paramount in literature ? — 
Kot 1 1 Have not I as good a right to 
give an opinion on a book, as such peo- 
ple as MiUman or Whittaker ? In 
truth I have, and shall as liberally ex- 
iny inivikge of finding fault 

with them, as they do with other wri- 
ters, if 1 think them wrong. Tlie great 
ability of many, of moat of its articles, 
I not only admit, but am proud of. I 
think it does honour to our party to have 
such powerful writing engaged in its 
cause ; but, at the same time, I cannot 
shut my eyes to its occasional pufi^ery 
and humbug, by which it sometimes 
betrays that cause. I cannot see why 
the mere circumstance of its being 
printed by Mr Murray, should render 
It necessary that every one of Mr Mur- 
ray's books, no matter how infamous 
or indecent, should be puffed o£P, di- 
rectly or indirectly ; and, above all, I 
cannot see why we are to hold our 
tonffues, or wink atsuch conduct. Still 
farther, when I see a Review, profess- 
ing to be the organ of Torvism, turn- 
ing round on the Lord Cnanoellor— 
wno^ if we view him in aU his bear- 
ings, honour, integrity, knowledge of 
law, impartiality, and tident, must be 
considered to be the greatest man who 
-ever sat in Chancerv, the very nudens 
of our principles— aousing him and re- 
viling the law of the land, because the 
judge and the law will not aUow Mr 
Murray to make money by the sale of 
foul works — works altogetner opposed 
to the political and religious views 
which the Review supports, I must 
speak out, if nobody else will, and 
protest that the Quarterly does not ut- 
ter my sentiments, in tms instance at 
least To Murray's using the engine 
in his hands for puffing off* the fair' 
books which he publishes, I do not 
object. 1 think, indeed, that it is bad 
taste to do it so much as hedoes ; but 
I do most strenuously object to the 
Quarterly's giving up, in any case, its 
party for the sake of its pubusher. 

Without further preface, then, I bcsp 
leave to remark, that there is too much 
France in this number. Of thirteen 
artides, six areon French works, which 
is more than needful in an English 
review, particularly as there have been 
so man^r books worth reviewing, pub- 
lished since the last appearance oi the 
Quarterly. It strikes me that both 
Edinburgh and Quarterly pay too li- 
mited attention to our own literature; 
that .they are anything but a fair pic- 
ture of Uie actual state of the writing 
world among us. They are just a 
bundle of Essays on books apparently 
selected at random, or, at most, with a 
view to serve their booksellers. The 
old Monthly Review is a much fairer 
record of our current literature in this 


Letters of 

Tickter,Esg. No. FIT. 


Tespect; I read itecritimiesj stupid and 
profiiiig as they generally are, with an 
uterest not at all derived from them- 
sdTes; but from m^ certaintr that 
they tdl me how the mtellect or £ng- 
lana is at die present moment em- 

But as my business in writing to 
you is not to discuss the beau ideal of 
a review, but to consider an individual 
Number oi one actually existing, I 
shall be^ with the begmninji;. The 
first article is Lacretdie's UiMtary of 
the Constitutional AssemUy ; a diever 
paper> in a proper spirit, by Mr Cro- 
ker^ I opine. It is, indeed, exodr 
lent throughout, and I quarrel <mly 
with its concluding paragraph. After 
pronoundnga Just eulogium on Burke, 
he quotes a character of that great man 
from an old Number of the Edinburgh 
Review that long since had been con- 
signed to the pastry-cook. Burke, /Mfe 
Jeffrey, was a^an of no judgment, no* 
prindples, no firmness, no honesty--4ie 
was no |^ilos(n>her, no man of busi^ 
neas, no orator! There is a critie six 
feet and a half high, for you ! In the 

3 pinion of the great Jefiey — ^the gm- 
eman who actually can speak to meir 
lordships in court, until he comes to a 
pain in nis l^from standing, the only 
period of Jemey's harangues — Burlce 
was no speaker. We have here niody 
balanced orator Jefl&ey ffereue ni>- 
<»«tor Bttrke> and the Irishman is 
found wanting. So aaith the Prince 
•of Critics and the King of Men, as 
Hazlitt, the gallant of Southampton^ 
street, Holbom, styles his friend.— 
Burke's shade mav, however, derive 
some consolation nrom the fkct, that 
the same great and ingenious person 
discovered also that Swift was no wil^ 
Wordsworth no poet, Pindar unable 
to write Greek, Addison not worth 
resding, So(»«tes a scoundrd. Bums 
nothing but a blackguard. In a word, 
that tlj^ were not to be named in a 
day with Jeffiey the great, the adv»- 
£aie who dconineers in the Jury Court, 
and actually writes thirty pages full of 
words at a time for the £dinbun^ 
Review. But, to be serious, why md 
C. quote such trash ? Would he turn 
up the pages of ihe heroes of die 
~ for a chaimcter of Pope? or if 

he did casually come ia eotflaetwilb 
any such trumpery, would he have 
given himsdf the trouble of even ex- 
pressing disgust? Of course, he would 
not — he wimld merdy lau^ at the 
poor creature ; and yet there never w«0 
such a fathomless distance between 
Dennis and Pope, as betwem Mi^of 
and Bmke. 

The ninth and tenth artidcBy on M»- 
dam Campan's Marie Antoinetlpj iho 
Dutdiess of An^Mileme's NamutiYe. of 
the Joumejr to Varennes, — her Mme 
Memoirs of what passed in the Temple, 
—and Louis XVIII.'s Narrative of hM 
Journey, are Ity the same accomplished 
hand, and in the same spirit, as tae first 
article. I think C, however, radber 
hard on poor Loms, and that your oun 
review wasmuchfiiker ; buthedoesa(B»- 
ple justice to the sublime, simide, and 
touching Memoirs of the Danpiter of 
France. Idefy any man of human feeW 
ingB to read the 47Sd page (^ the Qnar^ 
terly, the heari*-rendii^ page i^ikii 
gives an account of the sufl»rings of tlie 
poor child who had the misfortune to be 
Louis XVI I. — thepoor,dear,in]iooeD^ 
unhappy, little creature, in his priva^ 
tions, his terrors, his neglect, his knew 
liness, and his almost miblime stleBoe 
— ^without emotion. It proves Immt 
fact surpasses fiction. No wrifesr wooUL 
have dared to imaginft such a diarafri 
ter as the docile, courteous, obedisait 
child, who never epeke again, after 
havinff been forced by monsters in hiw 
man shape to sign a deposition fsr^^^^ 
his mother. Wdl does the Qusftsriy 
remark, that even the Queen's own a|>» 
peal to the maternal hearts of her 
nearcrs, was not so pathetic, so irresiet* 
ible a toudi as this. 

The Reviewer remarks on tiuae 
things, like a man whose heart is war* 
thy of his genius. Why does Crc^er 
do nothing of his own ? Suidy, sue* 
ly he might be the Swift of our tinae 
if heplessed. 

The second ardde is on Burton's 
Rome, with suffid^t learning and' 
pleasantry to reward its pemsaL The 
reviewer talks a little twaddle abovt 
church ceremooiea, fretted vauHs, stat^ 
ly columns, ^ec which so good a Prea- 
byterian as I am cannot swallow, bat 
certainly shall not fig^ about. 



wbsm yoD plcMe, bat the Mouthly is a very goad 
artides ev«y now and th«i < aad, ddly^ it islsin than 
bassBiMistoli c J afi n sna^-C N. 


(Mtiteiait Number qfihi Quarterly Ketmm* 


Article thiid is on Anfp's Voyage 
RmuMl the World, and a capital cutting 
op of an empty French coxcomh it is. 
We may expect, I suppose, a reckt^ 
m^imt nxxn An^po— atieast I hope so. 
He is a most superlative jackass. 

The fourth article, on the Poor Laws, 
is a Tery superficial and moderate af- 
fair ; but is perhaps quite as well on 
tf^ account ; for there is not a hu- 
man being who will now read a grave 
ti^atfse on so unpromising a subject. 
The evQ, as it prevails in England, is 
omfessedly enormous; but the pri- 
vilege of murmuring now alone re^ 
mains, all classes appearing to aban- 
don exertion as hopeless, under the 
«ci|^t of this irremediable cahunity. 
The fundamental principle of the 
English Poor Laws, viz. that the Le- 
gi^ture can by its fiat create unli- 
aaited means of subsistence, and an 
tmhrnited demand for labour, is now 
vmrersallT disowned ; but it is easier to ' 
dksvow tne principle, than to recal its 
practical efilects; and the whole subse- 
quent l^islation of the sister kin^om, 
nas been a wretched struggle in detail, 
to counteract the master-principle of 
mii^vemment, which, in the first in- 
stance, struck down the moral feeling 
of independence. Some of the wisest 
aid aUest of Englishmen have retired 
from this intracuUe subject in des- 
pair ; but the Reviewer, who is nei- 
dier very wise nor verv able, manages 
it with a freedom and facQity whith 
are rnihe decisive of his incapacity. 
The drift of his argument— «ltnou£h 
there is much discreet reserve in t£^ 
expressicRi — ^is the absolute defence of 
the existing Poor Laws of England as 
to thdr principle^ coupled with seme 
hints neither very new nor important 
as to improyements in the mode of 
dietr exeoition. In a strain of rea- 
sonii^ at once original and profound, 
we are taught, that to as^ the noor, 
" is not only a precept of the Cnris- 
tian religion, a maxnn of moral vir- 
toe, but an instinctive feeling of hu- 
man nature ;" and this being the main 
argument for compulsory, instead of 
nwintary aid, we are led to infer, 

diat, in the opinion of this judicious 
writer, the due enforcement of Chris- 

tian and moral maxims, is j&t the 
proper subject for acts of Parliament. 
When we add the precious dlscoverVf 
that compulsory assessments will be 
rather more equal in their operation 
than voluntary contributions, the sum 
of this conclusive argument in behalf 
of the English Poor Laws is exhaust- 
ed ; and it is upon a foundation thus 
deep and solid, that this wiseacre of 
the Quarterly Review has placed the 
defence of a system, which the wisest 
men of England have long pronounced 
indefensible, and the nation at largehas 
felt to be sJl but intolerable.--Thi$ 
weightier controversy is preceded by a 
brief skirmish with our countryman 
Dr Chalmers, who some years ago took 
up tliis business of the poor wiUi cha^ 
racteristic enthusiasm — which, it is a 

i>ity to observe, however, so premature- 
y evaporated—and although the Doc- 
tor's smgular hurry and heedlessness 
appear to have given the Reviewer some 
petty advantages in the detail of the 

Question, it is by no means so dear as 
e supposes, that the '' answers to 
these (tne Reviewer's) questions must 
overtmrow Dr Chalmers's system." 
Mark the fairness of the weapons em- 
ployed for this imaginary overthrow. 
Dr Chakners allies, as a proof of 
the defects of the existing system for 
relief of the poor in Glasgow, that, 
under it, the assessment was Quad- 
rupled from 1803 to 1818 ; ana the 
Reviewer rebuts this objection of an 
assessment quadrupled during one pe- 
riod, by appealing to an increase of less 
than a third of tne population during 
a different period. A^n, the Doctor 
refers to the fact, that the voluntary 
contributions of his parishioners were 
found for three years more than ade- 
quate to the relief of all the new cases 
of pauperism that occurred, leaving, in 
fact, after such relief, a coneiderabk 
surplus; and the Reviewer disputes 
the inference deducible from this fact, 
.by stating, that during the same pe- 
riod the poor-rates were reduced even 
in England, and by hazarding the ri- 
diculouslv ignorant assumption, that 
the parish of St John's, Glasgow, is, 
compared with other parishes of the 
dty, remarkably free of pauperism.* 

" St John*! pftriah being in fact infaabtted, with few excq>tk>nf, by people of die veiy 
ki^e»t nmk, and the natural propoMion' Of paupers there about 5 to 1 to the most of tbic 
odier p«dbhet of tbat town. 

Vol. XIV. L 

AmlHiBlliw Am this beiTydun.' Innot)iiag,itriee<, «iiin)ch>rtld«>. 

{Am of BngluhpaapmsnidemiAUlKa itthenat mperioritrorAeQnartetljr 

tke hwdy pMArttffm decUiiiier'— «w tlw Eoinlmign ao deuly db- 

TfaeDocMntpertiBiwiMtiaittbeinui cerriUa. 

vriun, except for pnctfcal ymam » — Am wany ldl« omjcetana nmoeni- 

ferfenridicalaMMBidtMiuniitiiatr*- i^ the ftte of Captain hrry are 

tlMi in the boreli of ponrty and Tiee aOoat, and many tomwnring ^teeoU- 

—we aboald adeet aa die dmrnpum tiotia ventad on the laidineaa of hia 

af a great nAm is the KMmgemeat return, tM mvdt pnblidty camut he 

of the ^oor ; and the more it ae pitj given to ttie Act, that Pairy hhnatf 

Aat hn imaylar rebwt 6vi» te " cakalatwl upon duee aammcTa, and 

wsrid ritonld imut tar the htore hk only wfahed, Aat, fF not heard of in 

ce iWtflmtitK w t» this good canae to the bagimtiiw of last, a veaad with 

Ae periodica] aecnniiijation of Inm- mritMKum^tbeHiittaitoBriiritiK'a 

berins ptia]dilele, of which we have Straits in Ae autanui of that year.' — 

abiead^liad DMre Aan enoii|di ; but P. 409. Mr Bairaw oondndea by le- 

beianotjaatapenan, afterall, tobe inarkitig — 

"o»«Arown'*byanTordtiiary«>ntri- « friOi nsud to riik.M mmhoid 

btHortetbeQuarteriyfUriew.lwrcaB none be jwd Su to wiiich aU narintiiiii 

vhatfaeAatdonebeaoearilyoblitcn" la dit icy naaiiliilik, and which tbeVmg- 

tedaaawnatobeiinmiBedDyanobao* A«queBUda4ul»£dwry,oaodactcdiniraB. 

lel«ap)dosiatofAoE^lkhpoor-lawa. aA »«• hdf » araog. oat half ■> vd 

Article fifth. Theadtm Dnea*-* -anned, ho pcowd to ha Ibde ■!» tfaa 
cnmBon-place review of a eoinmoB. * •«»"w "» "*■ ^ J"^*'. inth aUpa aa 

j^l-(£ atnog aa woad aad mncan maka thmi 

^^id.tfaart>cleI.«icha.tluQaa>. ZT^. ^^^^t^l^J^LS^JlU^lS^ 

tarlyoniyeanftuT>i.h.ttfaar»iewrf !|:^^u;'^S;rS^S^ 

CapUdn FraDklin satupcndona wunwy. ^^a ; codacd with intdlcctual faeahiM of 

Mr Banow brii^ every quaufieatiim fteb^uit order, aad hll of zeal andns- 

BerfraUa fix Ae conaideralion of anoi gy loupcied with dnepnidaiccasddiKi^. 

a work: prafiMUidgeognplncaIfciiow> tuni wkh ezpvi«Doed effiem, and crew* 

bdge, den and aacurale viewa of aH of plekad Mama ;— w« caonoc pomade 

Ae n/bitat enmecled with votmo ooMdYfa due loy Haanabk gnmnd of 

tf dianwy, andalnddftyleandarw alamfbTthabMbcynaedba totenuiwd.*' 

Tsngement. CoanpaM hia trtiidea with I hope, and traat not. 

the droaay, mock-adentific, doKmati^ lBHrB.'are[BaTks<m 

'vndimparaBmtammpiBgiofweBhK rf thii botA of Iravda, hepara t 

icai Teflow on the nme anUect, ftiQ a wdl-deaenxd compUmeit, bnl 

of iMMrmee, adf-ODttcdt, MU.pnfi^, aad]y ant of hia way to abuae i 

ana inaolent abaae of other peopM; h« oalla ** Ac greaay daubi of Utho- 

tfae droaay, inock-adentiSc, doKmati^ lBHrB.'sre[BaTks<mAeoniani«)tB 

ifAeBhK --•■■■- ■ ■ 

aiKr inaohnt abaae of other peo^ h« calla ** Ac greaar daubi of Utho- 

Compare, in particalar, their artide fpt^j." Now, AiauuqjnatloanKMt 

on the MorA-Weat Pawage wiA thia vtcnil ait, wUA they are daily brin^ 

naaterir one. 1^ to nuve and more perftction. u 

Had I not the fear of the critiUm Mr Banow would Jnat eaM hli eyea 

of Ae Jury-Court befare my eyea — that orer Francb Niohotaoa'a platea, he 

Kwftil buid of reviewei a , wbaae fiat would, I Ihinlc, be incHaed to retract 

deddea alllitenrytpicMiena, Hetvew, defecta «f KAo- 

Samaritan, Chauee and Maainetic, r, it at all eventa 

TlMrmametrical and Pri^oiific, j 9 ftnm the very 

Aonldaay.thatamorealtudaBdpre- ud I (mat the 

anmiAnonB cdlcciien of Mtiiav waa aong Una eiM;r». 

. — - - „ laeMir*. 

JT thrown together Vr the laeKat iy turned it tkrae 

matunr in Uteratare. Read, for in- untry, will not 

(tanoe, Banaw'a and Fanya Remarla <-•■'• 
(p. «0«-40B) Ml Ae Kavigatton of the 
£ctic Beaa, and Aen torn to read, if 

the iBlie wd YeUoVi pyet be blind if I did not; but a more 00m- 

' ■ lot aay porro*, but) plete npniaot der tot 

wmxj, thev naa- Aan in Ae wav B« 

ant ue Ftdar baafai, hhu fiicwwd. He mentiom that the 

,_ 1 MIL Aa filie «iid YelloVi pyet 

—(mind I do not aay parrot, but) plete apropo* det bMu never occurred 
-. -^ — . .. — .. ik-:! .»_ •!__ jn Ae war " ->-— - >— •- 

pyet attempt at wi^yM'y, thev nau- Aan in Ae wav Barrow hoe briiufa 
- " — atafi* ahont ue Ftdar baafai, hhu fiicwwd. He mentiona that the 
SoteandHambrino'ahdmeL etchinga are flnlAad in line-engraving 


OmAeitni Number of the Qftarttriy Rtpkw. 


hjMiFindea, a young and promkiiig 
ami; and taen, apropo9 of Mr Fin* 
dea, an aaterisk diteeta to anole, in 
whidi we m infmaed, thai ^ luben- 
pannga of Captain Battj'a W«lch 
•coKiy are beantiliil ipeciaiana of 
thk branck of the arU" How natu^ 
rallj a puff on Wdch aoaacf^ eomca 
in, m a aiannwition on a jonnoey to tbo' 
Pdar Sea f But the whole ia easfMik* 
ed when we kani that Batty^ a very 
worthy feOow, ia the reriewer'a son- 
iSF-lawy and that hia hoi^ doea noi 
stA ao iTell aa it oudit ! There am 
tiidn ia a' trades. Mr N(»th. To 
cRiwB the whole, Mtffray is about 
hringing #m another edition of Frank- 
fin« to & ovBamented not by etchings 
~not by liiie-engnnringa-*Bot by Mr 
FindcB — ^bnt by thoee Tery *' greasy 
^ubs of lithp^phy" which are soom« 
ed by hia lenewer, and used aa a peg 
to bang A 9ote-pa£&tonf npon^ 

Meote a (not Tom, but Abraham) 
Moon'a Pindar ia the aol^eet of the 
next p^er. Aa I have neithar origi« 
nai oar translation by me here in this 
nwtie ai|ja«niy I cannot f;ive an opinion 
on the merita of the entique^ It ap- 
pesia too verbal, too fond of cavilling 
at woida, and carping at trifles ; bvt it 
is a moat readable artide. Moore had 
astainly (I judge by the sjpecimena 
here given) a fine ear for versificationy 
and 1 havanodoabtbm that the book 
is an acocaaion to our literature. What 
could have possessed the reviewer to 
coochide his review ef the work of 
mu^ a man by au^ IP^^ ^ dasaU 
csl cant aa he does, Triere is no man 
more truly devoted to dasncal litera- 
tnre than I am — ^nobpdv more wilHBg 
to py knee tribute to tne glorioos old 
wnlera of Greece-^^wbody more ready 
to delend against the mean and gro^ 
vcOing shopkeeping spirit of innova^ 
tioo tte grand institutiens for the 
sdoeation of the flower of FiB^gland'a 
}0Qtb-«-but as I hate cant in rdigieii 
-*€ant in politica— caaat in eriticiflnH^ 
csnt in taste— ao do I detest cant m 
thcae aoljeela too. Homer and Phiv 
dsr, great and sublime as they are, do 
not irihenmhea '' sootib, purify, or 
exalt^ the hnman heart The might.* 
icsttrholafa alto!ittrtheoM>qwtiea 

of our nature— have been aiMned and 
salHed by crimes the moot atrodoua, 
Inf sensuaHtiea the moatjproveUing. 
Why did the reviewer e h We c sudi a 
time for sudian observation ? Moave, 
whose book he waa re^newmg, was an 
aoeom[dighfd scholar, araan ^'initifited 
eavly, and imbued deeply, in the ma&« 
liness and taste of Grecian UleiaAam." 
Yet be waa a whig, and an outcaat ; a 
man obliged to fly far having robbisd 
hii patron Earl Groavenor to an im* 
mense amou nt — a mere model of f|e- 
Qidatton and Ingratitude. No^ sir, 
there is another book, winch ahmn 
truly aaotha, puriflea, and exalto^Hi 
book that bida iM <' Fear God, and ho* 
nour ^King,"but that, toMr Moore's 
party, la a sealed volume* Without a 
tnowk^ of iU oententS) themast in« 
timate acquaintanw with tflieglery and 
grandeur of the all bvt divine jpoeta of 
^ Gteeoe, will avail nothing to the puri- 
ication of aoul. 

The eighth artide, on theNavigation 
liawa— 1 fod I am not e^ual to the 
snlnect. It will require a separate and 
wdi^theu|^t*«n paper, not sudi light 
sketdies aa I am hcfo throwing efl^ I 
participate in the feara of the nefiewary 
th*t we are letting theory go too£yN 
I tremble at medd&ng with the inatiP 
ttttisBa of our anoesls e s , even thondi 
I have Bir R jcaiido'a aasertim that be 
is awiaermnn than any ef them* Ahsaw 
all, I dread tampenng with our ridM 
arm of strength, the n»ry. Woe 
to ua when we lose the watery watt ! 
Under the eld Nafigation Laws wens 
fostered Husssb, and Boscawens, and 
Bodneys, and St Vinosnts, and Dun* 
Cans, and the mighty gleriea ef Nel» 
son — I will not say that it was alto* 
sether in consequence of these laws— 
but if it were, then tfieae who have aXf 
tared them have undertaken a foariul 
respondbility. But I own I am not 
eompetent to dbe oonsideratien. I leave 
it to abler hands, ceotenting mysdf 
With eNpressing asy humUe, but eor-^ 
nest hopes, that the fine-drawn spos«« 
lotions of theorwts, will not be alio wed 
to trifle with w%at Sir Walter Soaftt 
emphatically andmost truly oaUs, " the 
sheet anchor of the empire, the Bm 
tish Navy/** 

* PcnoM Wko are ttjkm te see flie very ingenious Mtfaqgimpfaic d^aitmoit of tbe 
AihannJty, art gcoenlly foqvired to wAtt a few woids to betbieimeff* in ovdsr Id «z» 
Mbit the pwKSM. Wbtti )^ WiKer visiled i|^ be wMte the above. The |kt9or is /rtiU 
c«sfiUlf frmsntd. 



LetUr§ ofTimUb^ TkkUr, Esq^ No. VIL 


Tbc tiinth asd tenth articles I have 
already noticed, and, for the present, I 
pass the eleventh, in order to consider 
It in connRtion with the last. The 
twelfth is hy Southey ^ an amusing and 
Imtnietive account en the Theophilan- 
(hropists of France — ^indeed aU the 
Doctor's histories of sects are amusijig 
and instmctiTe — ^whidi at last diver- 
ges easily enough into an ardent pic- 
ture of the prooress of infidelity among 
ourselves — ana concludes witn an ad- 
mirahle precis of the prooft of the 
Christian religion. This is in truth an 
excellent paper, but I do not partici- 
pate altogether in the views taken hj 
Southey of the dangers to which reh- 
gion is exposed. I never fear the con* 
test of ^e good and the evil principle. 
Givp us a fair stage, and no favour, and 
we shall still hokl the mastery. Sou- 
they says, that more than eleven mil- 
Uonsof newspapers are annually circu- 
lated among us, and at least two-thirds 
of the nunu)er aim at the destruction 
of sound principles. I doubt that it is 
fact. But, even admitting it, the glori- 
ous army of the gentlemen of the press 
does not strike me as a vastly formi- 
dable body by any means. All the edu- 
cated classes of society merely despise 
them — ^they know that with few, very, 
yery few exceptions, they are a mean, 
illiterate, stu^d gang of blockheads, 
who can just turn off articles, fdse in 
£Kt, lumpish in argument, vulgar in 
manner, and ungrammatiod in style. 
Take them as a body, I assert that it 
would be impossible, on any principle 
of selection, to bring together so utter- 
ly contemptible a pack of hounds as 
tne London ** gentlemen of the press," 
from the editors who jabber broken 
English for their political readers, down 
to the footman who writes fashionable 
intelligence for the beau monde. The 
dissection, the utter dissection of a 
newspaper, would afford you a capital 
article, nut it should be done by some 
one residing in London. Believe me, 
and Dr Southey, too, may believe me, 
that even the pot-house. vulgarian Is 
not much gulled by diem. If infideli- 
ty prevails, and it does prevail nowhere 
but in London, we must seek other 
causes than the agency of the ** gen- 
tlemen of the press." The hounds may 
yelp in to join the cry, to be sure, but 
their melody is of no great avail. We 
— I mean the men who wield the pen 
at the opposite of the question— -can 
put them down. I speak it without 

fear of contradiction.. Do net we all 
remember the time when the Whiga 
had everything their own way ; when 
a man hardly dared avow mmself a 
Tory, for fear of being pronounced an 
illibaid blockhead ; wnen the Edin- 
buigh Review was the admowledged 
lord of Hterature and politics ; when 
Tom Moore was the wit in verse, and 
Sydney Smith the wit in prose ; when^ 
in a word, all was their own? And how 
is it now ? Why, Whig and jack-aaa 
are convertible terms; it is a by- 
word of reproach ; they are aur butts, 
our common-places of fion, our Lia- 
tons, our Grimald^. Blue and Ydlow 
is waste paper — ^Tom Moore is obliged 
to submit his poetry to the care of a 
lawyer, before tie dares print it — Syd- 
ney Smith is compellea to transport 
himself to Botany Bay, in quest of nad 
jokes — and, in short, they are laugh- 
, ed at by us, blackguarded by CoM^tt 
and hu crew, and pelted by the mob. 
They are now a nervdess, knotless^ 
pluckless, powerless, as wSU as a God- 
less faction. We, North, we of Uiis 
Magazine, began the good work ; we 
sei»ed their cannon, and turned it on 
themselves ; our example was follow- 
ed by others, and now they find they 
can only defend themselves from the 
whizaing shafts of our ridicule, by 
skulking under the protection of laws, 
which tney had, during then* own tri- 
umphant career, denounced as absurd 
and tyrannical. 

So win it be with the anti-reli^n- 
ists. Southey attaches too much im- 
portance to their writings, bring him* 
self a litterateur. They, too, could be 
written down ; and the heart of Eng- 
land, sound at the core, is against 
them. I have often been tempted to 
wish that the mtem of prosecution 
was dropped. I am aware that it u 
a very ticklish question ; but, feeling 
confident as I do, that God will never 
give us up to be conquered by the 
devil, if we stand firm to one another, 
knowing the vast superiority of intel- 
lect on our side, remembering the 
triumphs of Christianity in every age, 
I should not fear the difihsion of thou- 
sands of copies of the works of Tom 
Paine and villains of his stamp, while 
we have hearts and heads to oppose 
them. I expect much from the sys- 
tem of education pursued towards die 
rising genefadon. I expect much 
fh>m the increased energy and zeal of 
the clergy of the Church of England, 

ia».J OniheUut Kumber of the Q^arttrly Review. 87 

witboat fviiich all prosecntionfl are un- Westminster ; and had I heard it from 

sTailh^. In Soatbe/s own words^ (I such a youth, I should have been* 

quote nam memory ;) tempted to say, '' That is really a fine ' 

**Btttifwithiii Aw- walls, indifference dwell, promising lad— ias read his authora 

Woe to her then ! She needs no outer with some taste— How old may he her 

woond.** Seventeen? — Ay, a fine lad indeed/ 

If, however, in place of indifibr- fine honourable boyish notions, and 

ence, seal ahoold abound, I care not a no doubt, when he gets a few years 

fiol^ng for die effiirts of infidelity, over his head, and can see things, not 

and would wilfinsly vote that lihel through mere bookish media, he will 

DTOseentions be left to such friends of be able to nroduoe something worth 

Rwdom, as Henry Grey Bennet, Den- raiding, if ne can acquire a less am- 

man, Biouf^am, the late Queen, Da- Intious style, and lose the habit of 

nielO'Coonell^rf' Ireland, Lord Archy quoting Greek — ^and that, of course. 

Shilling, Peter Finuerty, late of the he unil do." But I have fiff difibent 

pilkry, and John Leslie. The worthy fiselings for the composition of a full- 

Ijiimate, by the way, falls into the grown man, who nas felt the razor 

old Lake trick twice in the course of over his throat. The quarrel between 

this eoDcem. He quotes his own Joan the Turks and the Greeks is a quarrel 

cf Are, (O ye Gods !) and he puffii between two hostile factions of people 

Elia 2 — ^Bheu I Eheu I of the same country. 

I consider the eleventh and thir* [[We must beg Tickler's pardon fivr 
teentfa articles together, as being on . diminishing his excellent article, bv 

wmethmg similar subjects, the former omitting his strictures on the Greek 

on Greece, the latter on Spain ; but affikira-rbecause we have net room, 

how dissuailar in style, argument, and They shall anpear in our next. If- 

oxamon aenae ! The paper on Spanish Tim wishes, he may alter, or add, or 

affidrais by a sensible, weU-infonned, omit, ad libitum, in the meantime.)] 
dear-headed, statesmanhke writer, who The other affidr of which you spdce 

knows the interests of his country, shall be attended to. Mrs T. presents' 

sad is not led away by the nonsensi- her compliments — the youngster, I am 

cal daptrspB that amuse fools. The ' sorry to sajr* still continues weakly. I 

other is a mere piece of schoolboy fro- am, dear sir, yours ever, 
thy declamation, auch a thing as would Timothy Tigklek. 

be counted very clever in a boy at Souihside, Saturday. 

F,S4 — Southey is still vivid in. wrath against his Lordship of Byron, ex. gr. 
" Contsgion was extended beyond the sphere of the oourt^ by a race of 

*' Whose loose lascivious laya perpetuated ^ 

Their own ooiruption. Soul-poUuted slaves, 

Who sate them down deliberately lewd 

So to awake, and pamper lust in minds 


Which sweet strain, we learn by a note, is in *' Joan of Arc" As also'that *' These 
lines sufficiently shew, that their author held the same moral opinions at 
the age of nineteen, as when he branded the author of Don Juan"— a most im- 
portant and highly-interesting fact. But I am no pretender to great powers of 
divination, when I say, that mat note never woidd have appeared in the Quar- 
terly, had not his Lordship quarrelled with Murrav. 

Again, ** One Liberal, (we are thankful for the word — ^it is well that we 
dunud have one which will at once express whatever is detestable in principle, 
and flagitious in conduct)" Prosecute Southey, John Hunt, prosecute him, 
man, without a moment's delay. Leig^ the first, also, had better take advice on 
the following passage : " Some of the most depraved minds in the present ge- 
neration, have manifested this tendency, proclaiming, at the same time, their 
hatred for Christianity, and their predilection for what they are pleased to call 
the religion of the loves and luxuries— that 12, the religion of Jupiter, Mars, 
fiaochus, Venus, the Garden God," &c. &c Apollo and Mercunus, and the 
rest, as Bryan O'Pi^tor has it. " Some of the most SEPRAVxn mindiii !" Fie ! 

^« Oh, Bryan William Proctor Cornwall Barry, 
Open your sketdiico-dramatic mouth,^' 


89 Letitrs of Timothy Tiifkr, Esq. No. ¥11. QJoly, 

and %^ la Menoe of the ikY-gois. Agpin, '' othen of a hii^ daw 
miog^ like Voltair^ filth with buspheiiij> impiety with lewdiietiy and pur- 
me their oljeet wiu each devoted perseverance, aa if die devil had choaen 
them fixr his apostles." A hifpalpsble against the Satanic school, a nickname 
which, however, wUl hardlj last aa hmg as our own Cockney or Leg^of-^ut-^ 
ton Sdiools of Poetry. 


P.&— I have a comer still left of this voluminous epistl^-^and I shall «a» it 
to enter an ^WffX in behalf of Jenj Bentham. Hang it, ha is omr praserve. 
He is luggea in in p. 302, text and note— in p* ^X— «nd other plaoea. 
This is poaching on you. Warn Murray's scribes en, and vindicate your right 
in cttttuL; up t£tt fint-rate piece of game, him whom a friend of ours oslls, in 
that di^aoi^ which he su^g a fortnight ago fiir us^ (and which you ahculd 

*( S^ Jtnmj the bencher 

Of LmcolQ*s Inn— of Uncakk*t liuL** 

Good nigh^-4t is almovt two cTdoek. 

T. T. 

QI write tO-BMROW.]] 

I was Just going to seal im, when tract twenty, distinguished 1^ attj 

your new packet came to BAnd.— • readaUe qui^ly. Cant I never speal^ 

Well, I have read te three new Can* and, with the blessing of God, never 

too. win speak — eepedalW to ^ov ; and ao^* 

Not ten times a<4ay, dear ChHslo- of the former cantos of the Doi»-« 

pher, h«t ten times a-page, as I wan- thoush there were passaffss in than 

dered over the intense and incrediUe which, in common with aB other men 

stDpidides ef tins duodecimo, was the of upright minds and true feeHncs, I 

departed spirit of the genius of Childe looked on with indignarion— yet I, fbr 

Harold sshxtcd with this esdanation. mie, nev«r permittaS my mopd or po- 

Alasl that jooe so gifted-nme whose litiod antipa^ues m> tomaater mj fri« 

soul gave such appearance of behig tical judgment, aa to make me wb^ 

deeplv'.imbued with the genuine spi-^ ningly docxj the talent which ihty o& 

rit iot poetry— one, to whom we all ten wickedly, sometimes properly, ex* 

looked as an ornament of our litera- liibited. But here we are m a lower 

ture, and who indeed has contributed deep — we are wallowing in a sty of 

in no small degree towards spreading mere filth. P«ge after psge preaenta 

a strsin of higher mood over our j^oet- us with a monotonous unmusicaldiaw^ 

ry — should descend to the composition decrying chastity, sneerin|; at matri* 

of heartless, heavy, dull, aoti-Britifih mony, cursing wlvep, abusing monaiw 

garbsge, to be nrinted hj the Cock* diy, deprecating lawful fi»vemment» 

neys, and pufM in the Examiner.— lisfung dull domtle-entenares, hynm* 

iUas ! alas f that he should stoop to ing Jacobinism, in a tiqlb and manner 

the miserable dopradation of being so little unrelieved by ainr indication 

extolled by Hunt !— that he, who we of poetic power, diat I ieel a moral 

hoped would be the Samson of our conviction that his lordshin must have 

poetical day, should suffer himself to taken the Examiner, the Liberal, the 

DC so enervated by the unworthy Be- Rimini, the Round Table, as hia mo« 

Ifldltf which have enslaved his imagi- del, and endeavoured to write himsdf 

nation, as to be reduced to the foul down to the level of the capacities and 

office of di^laying bUnd buffiwneries the swinish tastes of those with whom 

before the Phiustines of Cockaigne. be has the misfortune, originally, I 

Rut so it is. Here we have three belieire, from chari»dje motives, ta 

cantoa of some hundred verses, from associate. This is the most charilablo 

whidi it would be impossible to ex- hypothesis whidi I can frame. Indeed 

Ins.;] Om the New Cantos of Dan JnoH. 9^ 

ihenm idine term wfaidi baire all tnnslatkm of the ttroiig exfiretikm of 

the appctnuiee of haTing been inteiu the Stoic aatimt) whkh floats on tho 

poiatu by the King of m Cockneys^ slaver of too many of these pages. I 

At least I hope ao-^I hope that there allnde, for instance, to the attempt at 

is bat one set capable of writing any* wit, where the poet (the/metf /) is fa-i 

thiiig so leerinj^ and impotent, as toe oetions at the state of females during 

IdnCsB d^Telling (if I may yenture a ths sack of a town ;* the greatest part 

li is a fb^ to npriai sneh things* but a single spcdmtn here mi^ do gsod, by the 
te the whole which it moat crsatc 

M In one thing ne*esth«less *tis fit to pnise 
. The BuMian snny upon this oocBskm* 
A Tiitue mach in fiuluMi now-a-dayt. 

And theiefbre worthy of ooopunsnioiation : 
The iopte's tsndv, lo ihall be my pfarsie*- 

Perhaps the season*! chill, and thdr lone station 
In wint«r*s depth* or want of rest sad victual. 
Had made them chaste ^— they raviah*d very little. 

^^ Modi did they elay, more plunder, and no less 

Bligbt here and there ooeur some violation 
In the other line ; b at not to suoh eaoeai 

As when the I^ch, that dissipated natioo, 
Take towns by storm ; no causes esn I gaess^ 

Bzeept cold weedier and eonniMtstiOB ; 
But all the Wies, safe some twenty soars. 
Wen simast ss mach virgins as bsravsk 

*' Some odd mistikes, too* happen'd in the dark, 

Wbichsbowed a want c^laotems, or of taste— 
Indeed the smoke was such they scarce could mark 

Their Mends from foes, — berides such things from baste 
Oocur« though lardy, when there is a spark 

Of fight to save the venerably chaste ;— 
But six old damsds, each of seventy years. 
Were all deitower'd by diilbrent grenadiers. 

^ Bat on Uie whole their eontlneaes was gisatt 

80 ihaS sosie disappointment there ensued 
To those who had fdt (he hkeonvenieot state 

Of ^ singile blessedness,* and thought it good 
(Since it was not their £ftult, but only fate. 

To bear these crosses) for each waning prude 
To make a Roman sort of Sabine wedding. 
Without the expense and the suspense of bedding. 

' Seme voKss of the buxom middle«aged 
Were also heard lo wonder in the dm 

(Widows of forty wers these birds long csoed) 
« Wherefore the rmvishing did not b«ia 7^ 

Bnt, while the thirst for gore and plunder raged, 
There was small leisure for saperfluoos s£ t 

Bat whether oiey escsped or no, Ues bid 
In dsrirnfsi I canonly hope they did. 

** Snwarrow now was oonaueror— a match 

For Tiraour or for Zin^ls in his trsde. 
While mdsqnes end streets, beneath bis eyes, like thatch 

Blazed, and the cannon's roar was scarce allay*d. 
With Moody hands he wrote his first dispatch ; 

And here exsetW foltows what he said — 
*• Glory to God and to the Empress I** iPewen 
Btemal 1 1 tuck nama wkngkd /) * Ismail^s ours.' 

so LHtert of Tkmdl^ Ttdckr, B9q. No. FII. V^^J* 

of the wn^lio loene ; and other places rbyroea to " neoeM^m^" in a third ; 

to which I mutt dedine making any and " iad in her" to " Wladhmr" in 

farther leference. a fourth. Aa for the flow of his verse, 

Alas ! poor Lord Byron ! His ori- read the fpUowing patches of dull 
ginality has heen often questioned^ and prose: 
ne has of late been compelled to ad- 
mit, that the scissors, or a mental qpe- " He died at fifty for a queen of foatf ; 
ration almost as mechanical as scissors- ^ ^h Adr yetia had been fifteen and 
WoA, hare stood hhn in good staid, twen^, for dwn wealth, Idngdwiis, woridi. 
In this new book of his, fie honestly ?^"!^5;2i'Jj!?Ti!L^ 
confesses his obligpition to a French ^^^£^22^1^^^^^ 
description of Uie dege of IsmaiL So ZiT heart i-S theW^d weot I gave 
fosogood. But he has not the con- what was worth a worid; for woridi could, 
lage, or, if you will, the unnudenoe, to ne^er restore me tboge pure fodings, gone 
avow his obligation to another French for erer.^* 

work, which has supplied his warm •* I wonder (ahboogh Mars no doubt's 

colouring. I may as well name the a god I pi^ise) if a mai)*8 name in a fttfZZef - 

book at once — the Chevalier de Fau- ^ may make un for a hulkt in his bodv ? 

bias. To such of your readers as know I bopc this Utde question b no sin, be 

the book, there is no need of making «?*«» thoug^ I am but a simple noddy, I 

any observation whatever on its con- S^^^T ,^^^22^1 £^^ 

tei;ts-tDthosewhodonot,Imayjust JS^^^dL^iTSL m!^»^^ 

mention that the meritorious M/fiten- g?^b^§;,!^ """^ ^^' ^ 

bow has sufiered an accident before / n » 

the courts of Westminster for being so «S^ here for a moment, Christo* 

£&mi/ as to republish it. Now, from pher, just to admire the style in whidi 

this filthy work, which I am really al- " one Shakespewe," and his " doatu^i^ 

moat aaliamed for having mentioned, pbys," are mentioned by this worship 

are aZ7 the striking situations of Don per of Pope; and then go cm to the fol- 

Juan taken — ^for instance, the very in- wwing : 

ddent in the seraglio, &c &c. &c It "Perceiving than no mwtedie command. 

IS, however, faur to say, that Byron ant of his own corpa> nor even the eoipa, 

adopts here and there the filthy mci- which had quite disappeared-4he Oods 

dents, and, almost throughout, the know how I (I canU account for every- 

filthy tone, of Faublas, without, in any thing which may look bad In history ; but 

one passage, (I mean ofthese three weatktstmaygrantitwasnotmarvellocis 

new cantos,) rivalUng the sparkle of that a mere lad, in seanA of ^Uwy, should 

Louvet's wit-far less the elegance of look on before, nor care a pinch of snuff 

Louvet's language. about his corps.") 

Talking of language, it is indeed Read these morceaus, (they are 
luce clarius that Lord B.'s residence in three veritable stanzas of Don /uan,) 
Italy baa been mudi too long pro- and doubt, if you can, that Byron has 
tracted. He has positively lost his ear, staid away rather too long, and that, 
not only for the hannon^ of English if he means to write more English, it 
verse, but for the very jingle of Eng- is high time he were back in Endand, 
lish rhymes. He makes uritf rhyme to |o Afor/Atffoii^<^jfpofcen.— It Svery 
will in stania 3S of Canto VI. '' Pa- good of him to give alms to any poor 
tienoe" is the rhyme to '• fiesh ones" Cockney he finds at sea abroad, with- 
in another phwse. " John Murray" out a tester in his fob— but hence- 

*•* Methinks these are the most tremendous words, 
8faice < Meni, Men^, Tekel,* and ' Upharsin,* 

Which hands or pens have ever traced ox swords. 
Heaven hdp me t Pm but little of a parson : 

What Daniel read -mut short^hamd of the Lord*t, 
Severe, sublime; the Pyophet wrote no farce oo 

The fote of Nations ;~but this Russ so wiUy 

Could rhyme, like Nero, o*er a burning city." 

%m^2 ^^ OMo$ of Ikm Jmcm. 91 

fatb brnnitactiiiUygwid agaiatfc sad '' stbaw/' like llie immortal 

aUtfwiML thflin to utter aay oC tlieir Lbioh Eiz h^aelf ? Jusl im^be 

gibhtrian in hit bearing. If he ooea bimi 4dMad]r nnk to beginning a 

OB in and) oripabb, bowew amirtJ^ alBBSBy with soch a line.aa ^^But .hum 

wj, wbo sball swear tporaatte 'ABaoTHorABoylir^' 

ihat ho won't come in time to rhv- Of the wil of tbeae Cantoa, deigir 
odng ** Mom^ and " Fawn" like to aooept tiiia one aampile. The pas- 
Bur; Cornwall — '' Dwr" and *' Cff^ flageioocurs in die desoq^ljoa of Sn» 
thtrmp'* like John K e a t s o r " voa." wanow's hosl. 

'' Then theie wcve teei^men of mwch Mimwn^ 

Of ioaoa»Batione» and aU Tohuiteen.; 
Not fifl^Min^ fiit their ooontry or its crown. 

Bat wishmg to be one day boigsdicrfr; 
Also to hove toe sacking of a town ; 

A pleasant thing to joong men at their years. 
'MoDgst them were several EndUshmen. of pilfa. 
Sixteen oalled Thon8eii>,aBd nmeteen named 

Jack Thomson and Bill Thomson;— oil the leat 
ttad beeni called ' JirriMiqf/ after die gsaat bttd ; 

I don't know whether they bad arms or cresty 
But such ft godfathei^s>as good a card* 

Three <^ the Smiths wese Peters; but the best 
Amongst tfarm all, hard blows to inflict or ward. 

Was hCf since so renoiBied * in ooontey qnarteia 

At Halifts ;' bat now he sewed the Turtanu 

The vest weie Jacks and Gills, and WiUe and BiUa; 

Bat when I'to added that the dder Jack Anidi 
Was bom in Camberhind among the hills. 

And thftt his &ther was an honest bhudBsmith, 
I've said all /know of a name thatfiUa 

Three linea of the deapetdi in tiddng < Munackamilh,' 

A village of MoklMda»'s waste, whcrcin 

He feSp immortal in a bidletin." 

« • « • « 

*' A habit rathst blsmesbk, which is 

That <^dflmising those we combat wkh. 
Common in many caeesi w** ^ diia 

The caose of killing Tdutchitikoff and Smith; 
One of the valorons * Smitha' whom we shall hubs 

Out of those nineteen who lale rhymed to ' pith ;* 
Bat *tis a name so spread o'er ' Sir' snd ' Madam,' 
That mie would think the fxbst who bore it ' Adam/" 

Aid then to orown the i^hole, tdke the fltan» that immediate^ lbllows>tbis 
shoot '' TdiitohitzkofF and Smith." 

'* The Russian batteries were incomplete. 

Because they were constructed in a hurry ; 
7%u§ iis^ Munc cause which makes a verse wantJM, 

And throws a cumd o'er Longman and Mm Mmray, 
When the sale of new books is not- sofini 

As they who print them think is necessary, 
May likewise put off fbr a time what story 
Sometimes csUs * murder,' ssid at others ' g^ory.' " 

TheM are the mumblings ofa man, I am almost ashamed to think of my- 

vhose Impressions of Joseph MiUor self tacking the mention of such con- 

ksve been weakened by bug absence I temptible trash to a notice, however 

Neter was such poor, poor stuff— and hasty and imperfect, of such a work 

Vol. XIV. M 

98 Letters of Timothy Tickier, E$q. No. FII. t^vly, 

as the Quflrterly Review. Soath^, i^et6 as the recent fidl of Lord Byron's 

Gifbrd^ &c haye their £uilts~above literary naine. I don't mean to in-^ 

all> they have dieir afl^tations— 4mt^ sinuate Uiat people of taste think less 

Heaven preserve us 1 what a ^nnge it highly now^ thim they did flve^ sixj 

is j&om their worst to the best that seven^ or eight ^r^ars ago^ of the ge- 

even Lord Byron seems capahle of nius of Byron, in his true works of 

mving us sinoe his ooi\junction with genius. But what I mean to say is 

uese deluded drivellers of Cockaigne! rais, that his name can no more sell 

There we have at least strong En^ish a book now, than Joremv Bentham's. 

pnyudices delivered in the strong dear Christian, fyr instance, aid not sell a 

language of Ei^gland ! Here, what bit better than any new poan of Mr 

have we got? Stupid French books Milman's, or Mrs Hemans's, would do 

trraslated, not into stupid English, — «nd this continustion of Don Juan 

butinto stupid Cockneyese— wit, that is obliged to be sold for a shiBing, 

won't make the Duke of Sussex him- and is vary moderatdy taken off even 

self chuckle — verse, that Charles atthatrate,although,of course, it has 

Young himself could not read, so as aU the advantage of being believed to 

to produee anything like the effbct of be a licentious thing. Never, to be 

musical cadence— jests, that even the sure, was a more egregious tumble. 

Laureate will not fed— in short, to If it were only to ch^ thejoy whidi 

sayall that canbe said— « book which, must prevail in a certain quarter, 

though written bv Lord Byron, is (which I need not name,) if this goes 

e&tted by, without elevating the on — ^Lord Byron ought really to pull 

tiherhood of, the Hunts 1 up, and make at least one more exer- 

I do not mean to say that there are tion wwthy of himself, and of the ori- 

not some half-dozen or two of stanzas ^al expectations of a reading public, 

not quite unworthy of the better days uiat has unwUlinglv deserted, and 

of Lord Byron. There are. But I thatwouldmostgladly return to him^ 

have already occupied far too many oi even after all that has happened, 

your columns with a production which, I do ^not believe Lord Byron to be 

with fewer exceptions than anything a bad man — I mean a deliberately, re« 

that has been published this year, (save solvedly wicked man. I know hmi to 

only perhaps the Liber Amoris^ by be a man of ffreat original pow^ and 

any man of the least pretension and genius, and, mmi report, I know him 

talent of any land, appears deserving to be a kind friend where his fnend- 

of sovereign fmd umversal neglect-— ship is wanted. I cannot consent to 

''Crsistian, or ths Island," con- despair of Lord Byron — ^but ss to hia 

tained two pages, and just two of By- late publications, he may depend up- 

ronian Poetry — all the rest was mere on it, they are received by the people 

translation, and generally feeble trans- of Britain " with as much coldness and 

lation. This contains no passive equal indiflference," (to use an expresrion 

to the two I allude to in Christian^ in one of Cobbett's late Registers,) 

none whatever. It contains nothing ''as iftheywere as many ballads firvmi 

that the moment it is read makes Grub Street, or plays from Lord John 

everybody exclaim, " Well, say what RusseL" — He must adopt an entire 

you please of the book — ^but here is a chance of system, or give the ti^ng 

stanza which no living man but Lord up utoeetiier. So thmks sinoerdy, 

Byron could have vmtten.'* There is and in tne spirit of kindness and of 

nothing of -this vc/<ijs# here— there was re^t, much more than in any other 

in the worst of the preceding cantos ; spuit, 

and, in one word, Don Juan appears. Yours ever, 

like Lord Byron himself, to be getting Dear Christopher, 

into his dotage before his time. T. T. 

I don't remember anything so com- 


The InhabUtd WtIL 



From the Hindooitanee. 

Tbb name of Mahttmnmd^ as the founder of a fklse religion, is familiar to 
every one ; and, in this view, bis history has been stadied, and his impottuica 
exposed by philosophers and divines. Bat it has been, perhaps, less remarked, 
diat, among the vtugar of those nations where his religion is professed, he is 
better known as the hero of a series of romantic tsles, as the King Arthur, in 
short, of eastern chiyalry, than as the saint or lawgiver. His friends and com- 
panions (uthab) are exactly the knights of his round-table ; and their common 
exploits nave been the subject of as much rugged rhyme ss those of the cham« 
pions of Christendom. The Koran, which contains what is reallv known con- 
ceming Mahummud, never having been profaned by translation, nas left room, 
among his ignorant followers, for a plentiful crop of romance ; and of this dr^ 
comstanoe tne ballad-chroniders of the East have not omitted to take due ad« 
vantage. Every exploit of whidi llie actor was a name, either obsolete or un- 
known, has found a ready hero in Utaa favourite of their devotion ; and many 
a pearl which glittered of old in the romantic diadems of Rustam, Seconder, 
or the fiMgotten heroes of Ind, has been translated to a situation where it may 
shine to more advantage in the tiara of Mahmnmud. Some of these gems, it 
must be confessed, are but '' barbaric pearl ;" but many appear to be redly 
interesting, and will bear a comparison with anything of the same kind in 
European literature. The following is one which has frequently amused me, 
and which I translated from a manuscript given me by an old Af oollah from 
Snrat; the story is fiimiliar to Uie Indiui Mussulmans, and periiaps also to 
those of other countries. * 

There are many passages in this, as in other specimens of Oriental narrative 
whose extrayagance at once startles a European imagination out of the dream 
of reality which more sentle management might have proiong^ lo the end of 
the fiction. Most of these, as they are not necessary to the general outline of 
the story, I have retrenched or chimged ; the rest, without mudi violating the 
better r^oktions of European literature, vrill still give a sufficient specimen 
of what 18 required from the poets of Hindoostan* to gratify the wild taste of 
tlieir countrymen. 


the ivhabited well; 


When mid-day** fierce lad doudleM sun From dawn till noon their march had sped, 
Dliimed the desert's sand. Beneath the soorcfaing sun ; 

Mahummad pitch*d his spreading tents, For April's fresh'ning spring was pass*d. 
To rest his wearied band. The summer's drought b^jun. 

It may amuse some readers to trace similarities between languages so remote as 
the Hindoostanee and vulgar Scots. The following are a few of the more strikiog ooin- 

Girdf round, circle. 
Sengnay lo toast (bread.) 
Phiray anything whirled round. 
Bhanna^ to toast. 
Khujh^ angry, vexed* 
Hulukoy light ; mei^ wit* 
Chobna^ to prick. 
Suwatdma^ to try, to prove. 
NephenkOf don't fling. 

Sing, to singe. 
Peajfj a boy's top. 
BMModr, a toasted cake; 
fTif/; pec, anger. 
HaUukU^ frolicsome, li^t^witted. 
To Joby to pierce, to pnek. 
Swottn^ a e|M>ciiiien» 
Nefmiky (a term used by diildren at mar« 

bles) no flinging. 
Gcote^ a tailor*8 smoothing iron. 
I^thy get outa 
GJOMT, mud. 
^foMy, pordy, lat 

Ghutna^ to rnb, to smooth. 
Po^ imperatxye of Poimi, to go. 
OttewM, mud. 
FirWiy fat 


Tfk InkMied Weli. 

And fiunt with thint, the straggling bands 

For water sought the wild ; 
Where round them fkr^the parching sands. 

Each hopeless search beguiled. 

Eadi ga^ni^ wanderer ftint retoinM, 
His comrades* hopes 4o damp ; 

And raging thirst despairing biun*d 
Throagih aU the restless camp. 

Mahummud heard the wailing voice 
That mid his fbUowers srew : 

« Go, AIS, friend beloved,^ he cited, 
** Go thou, the seardi renew. 

" Thy fleet Dnldul wifl bear thee swift, 

The region ftr to tipj ; 
Sine fouBtaiB hid, socne exton moistf 

Mar n^et thj fiuthftd eye." 

The generous Ali heard ihe call, 

He seized his fiery steed, 
Athwart the desert's arid breadth 

He urged impatient speed. 

From side to side he searched the wild. 

Each eomer vainly tried ; 
Till mid the deMrt*B hi reoesa 

A woodlind dark was spied. 


Amid that fbntrt^s wildest dspOi 

A aileBt teat was seen ; 
And stiU^wid lone beneath its roof^ 

A man of ancient mie^. 

Amid his biow the Bndunan^s seal 
Was pressM with ashei gray, 

Before an idol*s hideous shi^ 
AbeoiM be stood to pray. 

With deep obeisance oft he bent 

Before the miage grim. 
And lowly sung with earnest voice, 

His idol> domon hymn. 

Awhile amased the hero stood, 

Thto sternly rushed within : 
*« Thou hoar idolator.** he cried, 

** (Hve o'er thy work of sin. 

•< Alone to Allah, sovtitign God, 

Is praise and worship due t 
Shalt thou deftaud his sacred shrme 

To deck an idol crew ? 

<(Away! Aoae fiendirii ritet fotiake, 

Attend where I proceed ; 
The great Mahummud, prophet hi^ 

ShSl teadi a truer craad*'' 

He sdied the Bnhman's withered h«id| 
Again they pierced the wood. 

Across the buniing wild th^ pass'd. 
Amid the camp they alooa. 

Mahummud saw : with sovereign foiee 

He caQed the Brahman near. 
<' liol" cried the Prince, ''thine idob leave, 

My better oounsds hear; 

'' And go, ^y lurking friends recal, 

MHiere'er they flee to hide ; 
From all tlaeir haunts, the scattered crowd* 

Bekitt my presence j^uide.*' 

'< My people's haonta," the man acpMod, 
^ '' May scarce be quckly found ; 
They fled distnps'd^ when far ^Mf hcasd 
Tlunit host's approachii^. sound, 

'^ An hundred years mr days have paia'd 

Amid this lonely wild. 
And these the gods, and this the foith, 

My fothers tau^t their diild. 

*^ More aged stffl, my hoary wifo 

Twioe sixty years has seen ; 
Her wiadoBi o'er the wilds of Hfe, 

My goidsoee still has bem. 

''BidhcrbebioiiAht; if she eluifl yield . 

Our father's foith to leave, 
I, too, with aU our friends, will hsK 

Thy newer foith Moeive.*' 

Mahummud heard ; a troop was' sent, 
That Brahman old Aeir guide ; 

That ancient crime was ^nitfly brought 
Her husband g^my beside. 

With stoopmg Tears her bads wis bent» 
any araer's bow ; 

Her wily eye was sparUusg seen. 
Beneath her wrinkled brow. 

'' How ! andent ana," Mahummud od^ 

'' Canst thou to idob kneel ? 
Got leave their den ; that foidi receive 

Whose lessons I reveaL"^- 

The beldam listening, thus replied : 

'' Our idols we wm leave ; 
Yet one petition thou shalt gnuit. 

Ere we diy fidth receive. 

'« Amidst this desert's bumbg breadth, 

Where we unaided dwell. 
To quench in drou||it our wr^tdied thirst. 

Is known one only welL 

«« A shining lake was then of old. 
Where pilgrims loved to drink; 

Butpowers unknown Uie desert shook. 
The waves were seen to sink. 

*< Now hid within a darksome ease 

The scanty watatt sleep, 
O'ershadow'd cool from 

By many n to^ Heap. 

*< But he whose stqw hatve ventured than^ 
While tiiiist impatisnt bvm'd. 

Cut off by some unearthly hand. 
Has never tiienoe ratmn'd* 

<< The boldest dares not seek te biittk, 
Thou^ parch'd with sonat dioa^t; 

The fointing travdler turns his head, 
And shuns the haunted spot. 

** And now, do thou, (if indi thy power,) But, all unflhaken, Malik heard 
DiwdTe this deadly spell ; Those voices riiiiig drear ; 

Send one adrenturous warrior forth Above the haog^ verge he stood, 
The evU power to quelL He called his foUowers near. 


^ One pitcher there, if thoa canst fin. 

Nor meet the wonted harm, 
SnAdeed, <oiir latbcn thtis revesM,) 

W^iii hccsic Ae fclai tnam* 

«• And we. Hie deseitfs Mpless Mk, 

Shall owe oar lives to thee ; 
Thr 0«A ^laS then to Hs be (M, 

Oar Prophet tboo shalt be.*^-* 

Xahommnd, wondering, heard Ae tale, 

He called his heroes idgh : 
^ And who, myfbUowers, now tibA go> 

This beldam's Ibat to try ?^ 

BcBv^e If alik heard hii prince's wofd. 
Hurt challenge heard he strange ; 

He calTd his sturdy IbQowers round 
The dreaded wood to range. 

Swift o*er the wild the horsanan pass'd. 

The wcH at last was seen. 
Hie de s m reond was brownly parchM, 

The lbantain*k brink was i^een. 

Ob hillock nes 4tit troop remMird, 

Alone went Malik ni^ ; 
Above die totte r ing edge he bent, 

And downward ^ast ms eye* 

A ' "Bg™ I deep, and yawning pit 

Was darkhr seen bdow ; 
One glimtiifisng sparkle, finr beneath, 

Secni*d upward gase to throw* 

A whfle he stood ; m •hattei'd todk 

WithiB his readi he drew, 
And dewB ^m dark and empty gidf 

The ainkiBg ftagment thiew* 

Andylo! « w9d retnming roar 
Of many sounds was heard. 

Ami ftiltciiug dim across the gulf, 
Strange shadowy things appear'd. 

Anid the tumult drear of sounds, 
Gsme warning voices high, — 

•^ Depart from hence, thou ibot profkne, 
For he who oomes dudl die.**— 

** Who first (for all may not i^roach 

This vaunted feat to try) 
Who ^rst will down the csve -descend. 

Its secrets istrange to tpy ?** 

SteppM instant forA the youdiM Saod, 

By warrior comrades loved ; 
'^ Byme,^he said, ^' that depdi be looi^t. 

Those airy threatfhmigs proved.*** 

From every sword, a belt wu ta*en, 

A length of cord to tie,— . 
Around his waist they bound it dose, 
*They held it firm on high. 

He traced the far projecting vetge. 
His downward course to mark. 

And soon was fearless hid fiom view. 
Amid the cavern dark. 

With gaze intent, with earnest ear. 
His comrades diere remained ; 

Above, beneath, a silence deep 
A while unbroken reign*d. 

Yet soon a voice was heard bdow. 
And loon a stxugding groan ; 

Soon up the dark ima feanul giUf, 
The nead of Saud was thrown. 

Swift up the pit ^le^ saw it rise, 

Besiae thetr feet it fell. 
It stain*d with blood the grassy toif^ 

Around the fearful well. 

Aghast they stood ; the stoutest heart 

At that appearance quail'd ; 
Their burstmg tears, udr deep lament^ 

Their comrade*s fate bewailVl. 

Brave Malik saw the dire event 
Of that unhappy hour. 


'« Such deed,*' he cried, » dedates the 
Of some unearthly power. 

^*' But be the power whatever it may. 
That wrought such deed of HI ; 

Mahummud*s word can well command 
Revenge more mi^ty itilL*' 


The Inhabited mU. 



Bbays Malik whed'd his followen loand, 
Again thej wm^t the camp ; 

The lisfning soldiers heard a&r 
Their hones* hastening tramp. 

With instant need his 80T*ieign'8 tent 

The noUe Malik sought ; 
He told the strange event, lixe deed 

By demon vengeance wrought. 

The sorrowing Prophet heard the tale- 
He wept the warrior's fate — * 

Enwrapt a while in silent prajer, 
Amid his chiefii he sate. 

Unheard by all, an answering voice 

Seem*d he at length to hear { 
Attention deep a whOe was seen 

To hold his listening 

Obeisance, grateftil, then he paid ; 

The voice that spoke was gone ; . 
Around the Prophet^s gladdened look 

Triumphant tmile was thrown. 

He spoke— and first on Malik sad 

He bent approving eye— . 
**• The power that lurks in yonder cave 

Might well thy strength defy. 

** A messepgcTy unseen by men, 

To me a word has brou^t : 
Alone bv Ali, lion-hand. 

May this emprize be wrou^t* 

^' A Rebel Peri holds the den, 

TRth all his roaming band ; 
His demon sway is widely spread 

0*er many a subject landl 

^ Ooy Ali, seiie thy sword of proof ; 

€k> seixe thy matddess steed ; 
By thee must this emprize be wrought. 

If mortal hand may speed. 

** If earthlike foes shall meet thee there, 

Of human force like thine; 
Thine own good hand must work its way ; 

Expect not aid of mine. 

*^ But if their demon arts are tried. 

Unearthly force to bring. 
Thy sword from me shall power receive. 

To widd a living sting. 

*< Go seek thefar den : thy sword of might 

May fear no fiendish speO. 
Oo bid them own our hi^ier power, 

Or bind in dungeon f(£*'' 


The foailess Ali sdzed his steed- 
He seised his sword of might; 

The soldiers gazed ; the fleet Duldul 
Was ioon beyond their si^t. 

The faithful bands more near approachM^ 

The dread event to wait ; 
Amid their ranks the Prophet stood 

Intent on A]i*B fote. 

But Ali now has reached the brink ; 

Duldul bdiiod him stays ; 
Above the tock the hero stands 

Amid its gulf to gaze. 

Within the pit that yawn*d obscure, 
His foarloM footst^ qnting ; 

From stone to stone his groping hand 
In sightless guidance dung. 

But narrower soon the deepening gulf 

To wildest darkness grew ; 
And for on high the dosing light 

Secm'd but a star to view. 

The crumbliBg stones, unfoidiful giown^ 

Refosed his foot to stay ; 
The craffs his eager grasp had seized, 

Seem'd each to rend away. 

He raised his eyes aloft to gaze ; 

The light was dimm'd on high : 
He tum*a beneath— a watery gulf 

Was stagnant seen to Us. 

Amid the dangers thickening lonnd, 

Seem'd hostile beings near ; 
For threatening voices loud were heard, 

Throu^ all the cavern drear. 

*' Now, God me tpted !*' the hero cried, 
^« This den is guarded wdl : 

I would ^ts ^rites might stand to view 
Nor thus m darkness ydL 

«« But yet their waters I shall taste. 

Did Death sit grimly the^p : 
The sculking fiends, within their haunt. 

My trusty sword shall dare.** 

He said— and down the foarfol deep, 

(For yet aloft he hung) 
Anud the plashing waves beneath. 

The foarless hero sprung. 

And lo ! a thousand gathering tongues 

Aroaein wiM alarm. 
They cried, '* Our foted foe is coroe:^ 

Arm, mighty Genii, arm !** 



The w i Hw Ifrin g Ali gued around ; 

No Duiow pit WIS hat i 
A dima] lake afar iras archM ; 

Its WBTCB were cold and drear. 

And widely nmnd a darksome shore 

By jagged rocks was barr*d ; 
And ^munamg sprites were there beheld. 

That shore*s terrific guard. 

But deatnrea strange amid the deep, 
Appfoadung fierce were seen ; 

In caTCfoa deep their gloomy haunts 
Fran ooohtLess days had been. 

As tfaarouffh the ware the hero dash*d, 
Tfactr honid heads were nuscd ; 

And glaring eyes, aghast with fear, 
Athwart the darkness gazed. 

The sword of Alt, himndish'd high, • 

lAke fiery gleam was seen : 
Thcynaw— -dSyso n k 4m d stillness rsigu'd* 

Tfaxou^ sU the dreary scene. 

A &r and darksome bay to reach, 

nie kmdy champion strove ; 
Wh^rs nmnd the shore no voice was heard, ' 

No watdier seen to rove* 

The Inkabiied WOL 


But oe his fiwt had touch*d the land, 

Ixnid rose a wfld alarm ; 
A thousand tengnes encircling cried 

** Am 1 mi^ty Chenfi, arm I" 

And one dread voice was londer heard, 
Like thunder o*er the storm— 

^ Arm, Ocmj, guud vour Peti 
Rite, enish the earthly worm. 

** He comet with fierce Mahummnd's 

Our high and haushty ibe ; 
The Pro^et*s hand has blesa*d his sword. 

To work you en^ess woe. 

** Guard, Oenii, guard vonr Peri King— . 

Surround his sceptre high : 
With him your reign of power shall liv( 

With him your power must die V 


In echoes long that fearful voice 

Andd the wkness rung ; 
And lounds unknown in inU reply 

In msny peals were flung. 

Amid the dim and ghastly shore 

Stood Ali gazing lon^— 
Bewildering mreats sround were heard. 

And living thing was none. 

Amid the cavem*s wflds remote. 

Was seen a flitting beam ; 
And flashing light was seen to rise. 

And sink wiDi dismal gleam. 

And seen at times by wandering fires, 

A doud of darkness rose ; 
Like clouds that up the darken*d sky 

The burning mountain throws. 

The'whirling smoke and mingled flame 

To Ali nearer drew ; 
Theglimmering cave and boundless lake 

Were dim exposed to view. 

And loud and drear a vmoe was heard, 

** Arm, mighty Oenii, arm ! 
Surround yottiMonarch'strembling throne; 

Wake every powerful charm.*' 



Thz while Mahummnd tranquil stood 

On rocky fiagmcnt high ; 
In silence de^ their ranks dissolved. 

His followers duster*d nigh. 

They Iook*d, and, lo I firom yonder pit, 

The smoke arising came ; 
Ita swdling douds were redly tinged 

With streaks of darting flame. 

Continua] up the cavem*s throat 

The ^bomy masMo flew ; 
And o*cr the desert's sonny air 

Thdr darksome shadows threw. 

The feithful soldiers wildly gazed, 
liood rose their hoUow moan : 

t^ Mafaommud*s hravest friend is lost. 
Oar Lion Chief is gone r 

Buthiffh Mahnmmud'B tnnqoil look 

Unchanging still remain'd ; 
He bade their shuddering moanings cease. 

Their tears be all restrained. 

«« Where Ali widds his sword of might. 
Where Oenii wield their spdl. 

That fight no mortal eye may see, 
No mortal tongue may tell. 

^ But power beyond the power of men, 

To me the combat shews ; 
By me is Ali's valour seen, 

By me his demon foes. 

" Let no impatience vex your thou^ts. 
No murmurs stain yonr tongue ; 

Let prayers to aid your hero's sword 
To AUah's throne be flung.' 


H^iafalft ami Wot hi»eMiMft look. She said, mA iwift by wh i rlwi nd faree. 

That pierced through earth and itooe*- Amid the gloom waa borne i 

Tohim thedeinooteafewaiaein, Mahiuimiud*s gaae punned bcs theicu^ 

ItadaKfceitdaedt wcKeknown. He laughed in haughty aooou 

And oV the de8ert*B lUent depth 

Asoee hi» fbUoweo* pnyer ; 
The staitled wilda Rtiim*a their Toioe 

Ob all the lonely air. 

Amid a Toek that wilf crone 
(Whom fiot I meniMioed>atoed4 

Her muttering lipa wese teen tomove. 
Her ymgterwaa sot of good* 

Yet none eould know the worda she ipoke, 
Some language atmnge were theyo-* 

Now low within her lip aba liip'd, 
Now flong a muttei'd lay. 

And ttin as louder rose her prayer, 

A darker smoke waa^roll'cU 
And redder flames weie sesn ^ rise 

Above the ca?eni old. 

Mahummud saw her moving Ups ; 

He saw the rushing fire; 
He turned him swift with wrmthAdglancey 

He xatsed his sword in ire. 

The crone beheld ; her sparkling eye 
Was queoGh*d in gui% shame ; 

Whene*er his jpierdng olance she met 
Gold trsmbumr sfiiw»d her ftame t 

And lo I when thus her prayer was broke. 
The Uriitninga fiUnter shone ; 

The darkmiiy smoke that ruah*d on high* 
In slower cboda waa thrown. 

And fitf beneath the soldiers deem*d, 

A voice beloved they knew, 
i« Ulhnmdolillah !• Victory I" 

The words distincter grew. 

Their champion's sword had surely broke 

The Oenn'a boasted speU; 
The quivering earth was felt la shake 

Around the haunting welL 

And, looeed from prisoning caves beneath, 

WcM walem^heard m nuhf 
Like floods that bttist the rodcy d«i 

Where Oaniiin nnurimi mish 

But smoke was still arising dark, 

To hide the earth and s^ ; 
And voices wild were dismal heard 

Amid the ^opm to eiy. 

That haggard crone their signal knew— 
•• I come,** she cned, *< I ceme « 

Thy boasted apelllia^ new been JHrahs, 
And I JMst shaas thydoom r 

The Pnmhet waved his gleaming 
He called en Allah's name; 

And, la ! from forth the desert frr 
A breejte arising came. 

The darksome fiilds of gathered smoke 
That o*er the cavern hragr 

That flSDtle bceeae invading pierced. 
And fiur dincKsing fl«^"g i- 

The ^oomy mass waa slow dissflivad» 

Slow dear'd the dackenTd sosna t 
And, lo ! beneath ita melting smpks- 
A glimmering lake was. I 

With tranqpiil broast the shining 
Reflects the Inaghtening^sky i 

Athnnct ita faa-wipanded^bmadth 
A ship is seen to hie. 

With arrowy ^eed the shaOop^eame^ 
Her swiftness seemed to^fly ; 

And Ali*s crescent flag waa seen 
In triumph waving high. 

The soidiera* gans[hii««lrstBna*d; 

Their diampion.s«m"ei«ldknnw 9 
His stalely tomi triumphant rose, 

Above ll|e*gaUey*a praar» 

And other ihapsib ohsonielf ' 

A gloomy gssftnro boia; 
For,^bound beoBath in servile chains* 

His captives pfied theoar* 

And fiBtter'd dark beneath the mast. 
Their rebd king appears ; 

And yonder hag at Ali*s feet 
la pouring a^ed tears. 

^^ Go, Malik,** thus the Prophet cried, 

^ The vfeior diieAain meet: 
Thus bid him seal the rcfaela' fate. 

That croiMh beneath hie feeL 

'^ Amid the lake, yon islet parchM 
Their plaee of chahia shall be; 

As gladden*d pilgrims stoop «n dank. 
The envious band shallaee. 

** Let those who mock*d at others' woe, 

Themsdvei in feitem pray ; 
Let those who gsve the lebeu aid» 

An equal rsnsem payw 

** If passing years shall quench their hate ; 

If proofr,of fidthbe shown ; 
My word, their pardon then may aeek 

At AWi*s mighty throne/* 

• PratMbetoGod. 


Lbfi Syrbn and Mr LOitdtii'. 

ton BVMM in Db t»1i*ai: 
To tie EdUor of Blaekwoo^t Edinburgh Moffozine. 

The applicttion iB pkio, aud hence 
&e nger of Lord B. Ur L. might 
have written worse than Petroaiu^ 
without ititring the iodignatioii of the 
great moralist of Don Juau ; but the 
" a/iyMU itgii mormngae vUiU nala- 
tuti" the " levit homo el incoiulanM," 
and the low a^n^don of T^wd By- 
ron'* admiren, were not to be tac- 
gtven. Libelled, of course, Mr Luidor 
must be, and, of course, the first o^ 
poituiiitf was taken for the purpose. 
The line! a' "■- -"--" '- '"^- - 

S»,— In a poem, latel; pnblished 
In I^jcd Byron, named ChriitiaD, or 
the laland, occnra a note aererely re- 
flecting on Ht Landor. 

** If the reader viD apply to hii ««r the 
MB-ibdl on his ddmney-Bisee, he will be 
awan«r what I* annded to. If the tnt 
■boDld ^<M AUarti; hfe iHn finS la 
^ Od>er''the ume idea better upresud 
IB two B n e a. The poem I never rcM^ bat 
hare Iwaid ibe lima quoted b J Ji mdtB r&- 
eotdiie nades— wlio aeeni to be of a dif> 

— t — -, 1 lie with Martial oi 

Camloi in obacxsity, that the imnntii- 
Utt Ht SUithf fedirdMf bU dtdumtica 

To defend Hr Landtir ttatii I 

diarac ob 

a about the shell in Christian 
wne obvionaly written to bring him 
in by the head and alitiuiders. 
. Will you permit me to quote the 
falloifiDg passage, as a ipecimen of 
sound Lktinity, and as a just castifn- 
tion of the Reviewers of Mr Wor& 
worth — hialxndahip'a quondam butts, 
tboi^ now his rooet uonoOrBble fHends 
•nd allies ? 

' Usbebuit antiqui RuvidM, f^ttrios. 

J^ .T^ f "*" ^'"''* ^'■"'t'^ BrV"«J, Jcfraio^ e( centum 
t mrka niueh dare not see ,iio, libnuiomm remrt, cam voienia ef 

tUN^p ^^ that' 

logeuitf: I^ Sfr Landof's elegant 
QucititinculB, the fbUowitig pasoge 

viii fiienint probl : in DDairii id rldi- 
et vfdemui ; aetpu alias eat error a 
ale Im^us qaam magna ingenia maf;- 
pBc*Brio cbmimpl vi6"ii. Settifido 
me pOsthaTietrt WWmttt, W maligni- 
iffi -giiotaitUi ^ tiaara ^qa^ in. 
iDt Mvli monimqne vitiis noutum, net 
et- tti Ubriit eJhndU per; 
, tocrf idputt, pnsAicaiit, oeeutoaii, 
"■*"*' 6i mores aliqnantolaia vd- 
iK uKi^goB, li Mylam entart piululutn, 
B brido ingeniD temperare, ti mora; tan. 
tiDiiBi interponerCf tarn ingeni neido quid 

ftaoideTCt. I^inonuiE vno febricuru nun 
mfieui rirea, nnpadentiaDi ab imbecflTl. 
lale noa diHtne ; igntmuit a lev) homin* vt 
■MM Mlanle multa fortaaae >eribiii<Hse phis. 
qaata mcdtocria, nibS eo m porf u iro, ndu- 

vot. xir. 

fuuaine piogtantea, bonis omnibus et sciip- 
toribus n virii ipta remm natara iolbntos. 
At quitnii ego le votibui etffapdleta, viTf 
nvi^; pbUatophe, fMia, prastantinliney 
ijui (aCnhlTn nostrim. ut ntdki priore nri. 
mcs gbrkmlm sit eSboan ; qdem nee doi 
micilium tonginquum, nee viu uDctisd- 
ma. Deque c^tnunum vohuiUs, cbariUi, 
prapMisto, nequc homifium fere univeno- 
nim reveienlia, iaiioliLtum conservavit ( 
Cujua aepulchnim, « mortuus esses anlea. 

Sum nascerentiir, ut vD(i lA inviierent, et 
U(R BJbi niSens duccrent vel aspid vg] 
trcJl iblflem incnnistfrc. In eornm in- 
genils obsMMDdam rH qtiod Nimicnal 
ligro eveniase meminjt Cicero, licdute lu- 
tnm fiit!. FloCM tt ttaca, at vetena di. 
Mtmt, littiarum, dtlcaM illud litrmni quod 
enmjdo doceat, Bihil iStne opis vesani. 
enttm animam inj^ii malacia:. Com- 
iDode se hiberent ics martslium si unum 
quuque corrigereC : de f^clo urxveibl coti. 
sentiunt, de homine pleriquc dissident-" 

Leaving this to the consideratioA ot 
the Brogami, Jefriaii, and the other 
" Ubrariorum verne," I have the ho- 
nour to ho,- 

Ytur moot o b e d ie n t hUnlble servant, 

Landmi Jutf *, ims. 

100 Nodes Ambrosiarug. No. X. V^7* 

V(ottti$ SImitoMifltiat. 

No. X. 
A Fbagment. 


Chorus then.-rBiiller, awake^ man. — ChoniB, all of yoo« I saj. 

Chorus of Contributors. 
So triumph to the Tories^ and woe to the Whigs, 

And to all other fbes of the nation ; 
Let us he through thick and thin caring nothing for the prigs 

Who prate about conciliation. 


Brayo> Odoherty, Bravissimo !— that is decidedly one of your yery best effu- 


No blarney to me, mon ami, . I have taken my d^preea in that celebnted 
university. In candour, however, and equity, I am bound to say, that I do 
think it a pretty finirish song, as songs go now-a-days. 


Why, it must be admitted, that there is an aurful quantity of bad songs 
vented just now. 


It must be the case as long as they issue in such shoals ; the bad must bear 
a huge proportion to the good at all times ; for they are just the off-throwiiigs 
of the ephemeral buoyancy of spirit of &e day ; and as actual buoyancy of 
spirit generally breeds nonsense, and a^ectation of it is always stupimty, you 
must e en be content wiUi your three grains of wheat in a bushel of duLff. 


Yes, yes — they must be fhmi their very nature ephemeral. Which of all 
our songs — I don't mean pa]:ticularlv those of the present company — ^but of all 
the songs now written and composea by all the song-writers now extant— wfll 
be alive a hundred years hence r 


Just as many as are now alive of those written and composed, as you most 
technically phrase it, a hundred years since. 


And that is but poor harvest indeed. Look over any of the song-books 
that contain the ditties of our grandmothers or great-grandmothers, and you 
will scarcely ever turn up a song fiuniliar to anybody but professed readers. 


More's the pity. By all that's laughable, the reflection saddens me. *' Pills 
to purge Melancholy," has become a melandiolious book in itself. You read 
page after page, puzzling yourself to make out the possibility — ^how any hii« 
man mouth could by any device have got through the melodies — the uncouth 


You know Tom D'Urf^y's plan ? He used to take a country dance, the 
more intricate the better ; for, as you see by his dedication, he prided himself 
on that kind of legerdemain, and uien put words to it as well as he could. 


I know — I know — but I was saying that it is an unpleasant sort of feeling 
you have about you, when you peruse, like a groping student, sonos that you 
are sure made palace and pot-house ring with jouity and fun in me days. of 


1OT3.3 yociet Ambrosiarue, No. X. 101 

merr^ Kine Charies, and warmed the gallantry of the grenadiers of Britain at 
the siege M Namiir> under hooked-nose Oldglorious^ or of 

Our countrymen in Flanders 

A hundi^ed years ago^ 
When they fought like Alexanders 

Beneath the great Marlboro'. 


Ay^ '' the odour's fled." They are like uncorked soda-water. Honest 
Tom jyVMy, I think I see him now in my mind's eye, Horatio, holding his 
song-book wiUi a tipsy gravity, and trolling forth — 

Joy to ^eat Cesar, 
Long life and pleasure, 

with old Rowley leaning on his shoulder, partly out of that jocular fiimiliari- 
ty, whidi endeared ^m to the people in spite of all his rascalities, and part- 
ly to ke^ himself steady, humming the bass. • 


HaTc you seen Dr Kitchener's book ? 


I hare, and a good, jovial, loyal book it is. The Doctor is, by aU accounts, a 
ftmoos feQow — great in cookery, medicine, music, poetry, and optics, on which 
he hat published a treatise* 


I esteem the Doctor. 


Tlie devil you do ! — after cutting him up so abominably in my Magazine, in 
an article, you know, inserted while I was in Glasgow, without my knowledge. 


Why are vou always reminding a man of his evil-doings ? Consider that I 
have been white- washed by the Insolvent Court since, and let all my sins go with 
that white-washing. To cut the matter short, I had a most excellent Cookery- 
book written, founded on the principles practised in the 99th mess, and was 
going to treat with Longman's folks about it, when Kitchener came out, and 
pre^wcupied the market. You need not wonder, therefore, at my tickling up 
Uie worthy Doctor, who himself enjoyed the fUn, being a loyal fellow to the 
back-bone; aTory tou^ and trae. We are now the best fHends in the world. 


Wdl, let that pass— What song- writer of our days, think you, will live ? 


Moore ! No, he has not the stamina in him at all. His verses are ele- 
n&t, pretty, glittering, anything you please in that line ; but they have de- 
fects which wul not ailow them to get down to posterity. For instance, the 
querulous politics, on your local amiirs, Odoherty, which make them now so 
popular with a very lai^ class of your countrjrmen, are mere matters of the 
day, which will die with the day ; for I hope you do not intend to be always 
flfflitii^ in Irdand ? 


I do not know how that wiU be — ^better fighting than stagnating ; but, at all 
events, I hope we will .change the grounds somewhat — I hate monotony ; I 
trust that m^ worthy countrymen will get some new matter of tumult for the 
next generation, 


It is probable that they will — ^and then, you know^ Moore's — " Oh ! breathe 
not bis name," '' Erin, Uie tear," &c. &c will be just as foigotten as any of 
the things in Hogg's Jacobite relics. 


Whidi will ever stand, or rather fall, as a memento of the utter perishable- 
of all party song- writing. 


And thai there's Moored accimed tocY fyt showing off learmog, and hi^ 
hotany^ and lodlogy^ and meteoitdogyy ana mythology. 


O ay, and Uie mixed metaphor, and the downright nonsense— the song 
you qiiotedjustno^ could be &ly amended. 


What song ? 


''Erin, the spiile, and the tear in thine eycs» bland lika the rainbow," &c 

Now, that is a washy, waterv comparison for my hard-drinking country — I lay 
£S that a jug of punch would be a more accurate and truly philosophical em- 
blem ; as thus. There's the Protestant part of the population inferior in quan- 
tity, superior in strength, apt to get at the head, evidently the whisky of the 
compound. The Roman Catholics, greater in |diYsical proportions, but inft* 
nitely weaker, and usually yery hot, are shadowea forth by the water. The 
Orangemen, as tfieir name imblies, are the fruit, which some palatps think toa 
spur, ana therefore reject, while others think that it alone gives gia^ful fla- 
vour to the whole. 

And what's the sugar ? 


W))y, the opnciliators d|opped in' among us tq sweatee ojur aqdtt y j md you 
knpw some thibk'that they have supplied with too liberal a hand^-rvcxy i^uch* 
at the risk of turning the stomachs of the company. 


A hopeftd illustration — ^but in truth, Odoherty, your whol^ oqnv^rsatiqi^ is 
redolent of nothing but drink. 


I am like Tom^ Moore'd First Angel — the gentleman without a namc^ an^ 
admire compotation, not exactly '' Qie juice of Earth," however, as Tom calls 
it, that being, I tak^ it, ditch-water. 


You never saw the aong Tom intended for this drunken angd of hia a£)ter 
his fall? ' -^-^T- -TT- 

Not I — parade it-r-Is it pot in the poem ? 


Ko, Denman, who is Moore'^ doer of late, cnt it out, just aa he cut up the 
Fablai* I have a copy, however, v^hich I shall sing. 

Song of a Fallen Angel over a Bowl of Rum^punch. By T. M« Esq. 

Heap on more coal there. 

And keep the glass moving. 
The hwt nips my nose, 

Thoufi;h my heart glows wiA loving. 
Here's the dear creature. 

No skylights — a bumper ; 
He who leaves heeltaps 
I vote him a mumper. 

With hey cow rumble O, 
. Wnack! poptdomm. 
Merrily, merry men. 
Push round the jomm. 

What ai^ Heaven'^ pleaa^iea 

That so very sweet ar^? 
Singing from Dsaltaa;, 

In Im^ or snort m^tre. 

Planked on a wet <iloii4 

Without u^ bwephcfly 
Just like the Cettic, 

Met to make speeches 

With h^y cow mmhl^ fte. 

Wide 18 the differenoej 

My own boozing bullies. 
Here the round puneh-bowl, 

Ueap'd to the iull ia. 
Then if soiqe w|ae ope 

Things that up " yonder" 
la pleasant as we are, 

why — he'a in a Sunder. 

Wiib hey oqw nuuble, &c 


A very hopeftii and well-behayed angel, by roy word. 
Enough of Mooie. . Campbell ^^ 


Has written one song, which I hope will live as long as " the flag of Old 
En^and watea lordly in pride/' — tha( is, I bope^ ^f er^ I i^^aii the Ma^ 
liners of England. 


A g^riona song indeed ! But Campbell has disgraced himself b^ a shabby 
song, in the New Monthly, about the Spaniards. It is not fit for a gcif tleman 
like Campbell to fall into the filthy slang of the blackguards of the press, 
snd write low stuff about Prince Hilt, or ta caU the grand old stainless nag of 
France, (which Ae knows — the blackguards do not — ^is linked with so many 
splendid reooUectkms) the " White emblem of white liyer.' 


Some of Sir Walter^s soi^ will certainly Hre. 


Peffaapa— 4ho8e in his Poema and hia Novels, if they are his ; but I do not re- 
coDect anything particular of any other ; an4> in point of £^, TOii never do 
bear them aung by anybody. Bishop, by the way, |um very poar^ set County 
Guy, very poorly indeed. 


I like Bishop, a worthy pleasant. Hdlow ; but, somehow or other, I think hia 
smaie generally but oommlat^n,^a bar firoro thia body and a bar ftom that 
body— curiouaiy in^ted and dovet^iled^ I admits but stiU only j<n«ery and 


Nobody boa saida vrord^%baat ByioOf. 

Dead aa Harrr the Eighthji and it is, a pity. Heftven? 1 ^sba can think that 
Ihe author of Childe Harold^ >nd Man&^d, and Dm «(ua% fib<i«U have sunk 
to what he is now, a scribbler ia^ a dirty magazio/s, and a paficon of the 
Hunts I It, however, speaks volumes ii^ favour of the morally of the coun- 
try, after all, when we find, tha( even genius, such as. his, must sink, if it 
dncs oppose what we ar^ sUU detenninted tp call religion and loyaUy* 

OBOHEKTY,. {handi/iff ths Wand to. North.) 

I have brought doifi^ Cbris^ian*. Woul4 you wish to Ipc^ at it ? 



Not at all, though the third edjitioii ia advertised^ I was told at Longman's, 
that they had not disposed of a hjundred. It would have had a better chance 
widi Murray ; but he and his lordship haTe broken, aikr a fUrioua quarrel. 
The oorreapondenoe between them ia said to be ouzions. 

lOi Noetei Ambrotiamt. No, X. Zl^^Y* 


Of oonne we shall hare an awftd libd on Joannes de Moravia in doe time. 


Ihope 90y from the bottom of my soul ; for then Murray wiU takeyengeance 
in turn. I had rather than a tenpenny, and that cash^ that we could print 
Byron's Critique on the Pot of Basil. 


Faughj don't mention it. 


Christian^ I see^ is apoor thing, with a good bit here and there in it^ but not 
the least originality. He is the old hero---the Lara, the Conrad, die fellow of 
whom his lordship found the germ in Miss Lee's Kruitzner, trani^orted to 
Botanj Bay, or thereabouts, where, instead of mosques, and kiosks, and tam- 
bourgis, and phingaris, we are entertained with Toobonai, and Boolootoo, 
Mooa, Figi, Hooni, Licoo, Guatoo, Goostrumfoo, et omne ouod endeth in oo. 
And the womankind are the old womankind, not a bit me worse fbr the 


Yes, and you haye the same amazing Industry in transferring Blig^'s Nar- 
ratiye, that he has shewn so often before. But the introduction— and indeed 
some oA«r passages, remind us of the better days of Byron. — ^Listen, 

" The morning watch was come ; the vessel lay 

Her course, and gently made her liquid way ; 

The doyen billow flasn'd from off her prow. 

In furrows form'd by that majestic plough ; 

The waters with their worlds were all before ; • 

Bdiind, the South Sea's many an islet shore. 

The quiet night, now dappling, 'gan to wane. 

Dividing darkness firom the dawning main ; 

The dolphins, not unconscious of the day. 

Swam high, as eager of the coming ray ; 

The stars from broader beams began to creep. 

And lift their shining eye-lids from the deep ; 

The sail resumed its lately shadow'd white. 

And the wind flutter'd with a flresh'ning flight ; 

The puiple ocean owns the coining sun. 

But ere he break — a deed is to be done." 



Very toploftical, to be sure. Commend me to the panc^ric on what our 
iHend Fogarty (from whom his lordship appears to have taken the idea) calls 
Tobacco, lord of plants." 

But here the herald of the self-same mouih 
Came breathing o'er the aromatic south. 
Not like a '' bed of violets" on the gale. 
But audi as wafts its cloud o'er grcp or ale. 
Borne from a short frail pipe, which yet had blown 
Its gentle odours over eitner zone. 
And puff'd where'er winds rise or waters roll. 
Had wafted smoke from Portsmouth to the Wie, 
Opposed its vapour as the Ik^htning flashed. 
And reeked, 'midst mountain-billows unabash'd. 
To JSolus a constant sacrifice. 
Through every change of all Uie varying skies. 
And wnat was he who bore it ? I may err. 
But deem him sailor or philosopher. 
Sublime tobacco ! which from east to west 
> Cheers the tar's labour or the Turkman's rest ; 
Which on the Moslem's ottoman divides 
His hours, and rivals opium and his brides ; 

1BS3.J Ifcctes AmimiamB. No. X, 105 

Magnifioenl in Sttmboul^ bat leas gnmd, 
Thong^ not less loved^ in Wapping or the Strand ; 
Divine in hookas, glorious in a pipe. 
When tipp'd with ambery mellow, rich, and ripe, 
like other charmersy wodng the caress 
More daaglinriy when daring in fiiU dress ; 
Yet thy true lovers more admire by &x 
Thy nidced beauties — Give me a cigar ! 

And as we are talking of it, do hand ua over that paper of Cotton's beat, 
untO I blow a dood. 


Why, Odoherty, you have scarcely brought ua any newa from London. 


How could you ez^t blood from a turnip? There's i}o news there. 
FitfBament waa just spinning down, when I quitted the dtv, aa drowsily aa a 
tetotum— nothing doing in the monde literaire^^the Haymarket gay, to be sure, 
and our friend Terry, droUeat of actora, aa he is among the wortfaieat of men, 
making the populace laif^h — but I brought you down a aoedal article on Lon* 
doD, fiKnn a friend of mine, which will teU you everytning tellable, ao you 
need not pump me. 

2>a MULUON. 

Did you see any of the gentlemen of the preaa? 


Saw the whole goodly armjr of martyra in full array ; lust aa stupendously 
duU aa ever, and, unleaa I mistake, more vicious, to speak aa a jockey among 
the lower orders, than varmint When I knew the body first, they were a fine 
hardF-drinldng nudding-headed race, who juat got through their balaam 
as faat aa their nncera would let th^ — spouted at the Eccentrics — regaled 
themaelvea with cueese and porter, and occasionally, when the fUnda were 
good, widi Hollands and water, not caring a single aixpenoe for politica, or 
thfwfctiflr themaelvea at all primed up with the opinions tney were advocating 
—and Acre are still some of that good old school surviving, wiih two or three 
of whom I got misty one night at Offley's — ^but, sir, the Cockney portion of 
them have been horribly altered for the worse. 




The poor creatuiea actuaUv have set up to have oi>inloiis of their own— the 
idi ot a a nd to have peraonu quarrela, and animoaities, and principlea, and 


Mighty audacious. Can't they eat their victuals when they get theiii in 


The newspqier preaa ia unquestionably becominff very base. What a hi- 
deous, a deteatable attack, aome of the Whig and Ra£cal papers made on John 


Wen, do the preaa-gang itself justice ! There was ahnost a universal outcry 
It that brutal buaineaa even among ihemselvea. It waa abominable. John, 
however, put it dovm like a man. 


Well now, had ihe unfortunate Beaconites, which we still have thrown in our 
£u9ea, though heaven knows their worst crime waa stunidity— done anything ap- 
proaching that in atrocity, what an uproar would have been raised by the 
whole Wnig party ! 


And deeervedly, for they would have been baae assassina; but the Whigs 
loay do anything — ^the basest aa weU aa the moat malignant of people. 

ODbHSRTXi («^^-} 

Rail Ho more, Tories^ rial to inore ; 

Whigs are bal a^M evet, 
On lana, ort iHraTe, on sea, on diore. 
All rascals of white Uvdi'. 
Then rail not so. 
But let them go. 
And be jou blithe and bonny. 
Converting sounds of wrath and woe 
Into hey Ninny ! noilny* 

Sing merry ditties, arid no mo 

Of lumps so duU and heary ; . 
' The heads of Wh%8 were eter 00, 

Siiuse Slimmer mt was leavy. 
Then rafl not so, && 

Thtfe's a tondi ShakcfepeHab for yon, in the twinUiiig of H b^poM* 

You are not drinking anything. Tickler. 

I cannot say I like your wine. It h soaring ttti my stoMiicll. 

Cannot you (^i sjmifik {Ken. Ill conooet a jugw 

ticKLEE, (ftS^.) 


Drink to me Only from a jug, 

And I wiH plcdgef in mine ; 
So fill myfflass with whiriey pundikj 

And 111 not look for wine. 
'tkt thirst that in m v throat doth riiM^ 

Doth ask a drink ^ntine ; 
Bui m%ht I of Jote^'s neefar sip. 

That honour I'd resign. 

The second yerae is not worth parodying. Aye, this is something likd V4ar 
health, Mr Editor. 

. Vifkitf. 

Mr Tk&lei^,. I Krfve th« ti^M^nr^ of d^hklng yotf fery ^oM MUdi.' Mpp&^ 
po8^ has not Boone published a poem on things in general ? 

I i(i# ofia ih iif odVitifllditee, sadly nhiiiUtdd, &]j^ hahre «^ 
U is a puff on Mr Canning. 

y^ superftttofos, fl^erel^. It ia, nttoreoV^, 4 good Jbke ffi mn ike fp^t 
ann of th^Coui^cil of Ten, the easeifee of gratity, BiMSng MfflMMr tfete irltt^ 
Antijacobin by his balaam. 

dnmS^ tiittst hstfe ku^ed at fhe idea, ^ Mn sl^^e, I tt^tf^fbr arnMa- 
^ tan nerev fatughf othenHse. 


I suppose he addressed the book,- 




W<wk$ prtpOEnmgfir JhUtUcaikm. 




Mr Akrk A. Watts wfll pabUth in a 
km days. Poetical Slwtdica, with Stanzas 
ftr Mnsie, and other Poems. This Tokune 
VIS pciiit0d for ptirate circulatian about 
tvdve months ago, and was noticed with 
commcDdation in our Magasine of April 

Mr Shddrake has issued proposals for 
pnhKihiny bj sobscription, an Inquiry in« 
to the Ongin and Practice of Painting in 
OQ, to aswrtain what was the real inven- 
tien of Van Eyth, and what were the ma- 
torials and vdude that were used by Qior- 
ipone, and the fine Artists of the Venetian 
SebooL To which will be added some in- 
feematioo on the old Painted and Stained 
QasB ; a Recipe for Preparing and Drjping 
Oil dT sapenor quality, which is only 
kBSWB to Uie Author ; and an Attempt to 
aseertain some Colocus whidi were need 
by the old Painter^ bat which are unknown 
to the Artists of the present tune. The 
Work to be dedicated (by permission) to 
Sir Thomas Lawrence, R. A. 

A aeries of Lectures on die Elements of 
Qwwrical Science, lately ddxrered at the 
Soncy Institntion by Mr Gumey, will soon 

Part I. of die Museum Wonleyanum, 
bciif a Collection made by the late Sir 
Ridiard Wonlcy, BarL, of Antique Bass 
Rcfiefoa. Bustos, Statues, and Oims, with 
Views or places in the Levant. 

A Dkttflnary of all Religions and Reli^ 
Bsna Sectoy andcnt and modem ; also of 
Icdesiastkal History, and Theological 
Con tiovcisy , by Mrs Hannah Adams, will 

Mr Mereweathet- has in the press a Trea* 
tise on die Law of Boroughs and Corpora- 
tiona, deduced ftom the earliest to the pre- 
weat times, and including their General 
History ; the History, Origin, and Law, 
of the R^t of Election, and of the King*s 
preragative in granting Charters i as well 
as die binding dFect of Charters and Bye- 
laws, and the power of Corporations to ad- 
tok Freemen ; with an Appendix of Re> 
coida, and iHustradre of these pomts. 

Mr J. D. Worgan is prepsnng for pub- 
fieatioa, a Treatise on a Mol^ in 46 Parts, 
10 Vocal and 36 Instrumental ; composed 
fat every class of Voice and every sort of 
Instrument generally used in Concert ; and 
IHustrarfd by two Lectures, of which a 
P i usp e ctu s has been published* 

A new edition of the Decsmeren of Boc- 
caeoo, from the original Text from the MS. 
of Msinrili, by Mr Biage(^ 

A ClMiicsl Assistant to the Study of 
Hemcr, Virgfl, and in the Translations of 
Pspe and Diydsn, wiU soon appear from 
ttepcnof Mrs Oon* 

Vou XIV. 

A New Map of the Country Twelve 
Miles round London, on a scale of one 
inch and a quarter to a mile, containing 
the whole of the Roads, (which are from 
actual survey,) the exact situadon of the 
Noblemen's and Gentlemen's Seats, with 
the Names of the Occupiers, and every 
other object worthy of notice, will iq>pear 
in a few days. 

The Wilderness, or die Youdiful Daya 
of Washington, a Tale of the West, by 
Solomon Secondsigfat, will soon iq>pear. 

Madame Adele du Thon is about to pub- 
Tish an Account of the Public and Private 
Charitable Insdtutions of the Parish of St 

Italian Stories { selected and translated 
by Miss Holford, Audior of Wallace, War- 
beck of Wolfrtein, &&, are announced for 

A Memoir of Central India, (including 
Malwa and adjoining^ Province^,) with th) 
History and copious Illustrations of the 
past and present condition of that Country^ 
with an origioal Map, Tables of the Re. 
venue and Fy>pulation ; a Geological Re- 
port and comprehensive Index ; by Sir 
John Malcolm, G. C. B., /tc. will appear 
in the course of thepresent month. 

The Case of die High Sherififof Dublin. 
This volume will comprise a sketch of the 
transactions in Ireland which have led to 
this important Inquiry ; all the Speeches 
in Parliament connected with it, mm BIr 
Brownlow*s Motion downward and indu* 
five ; tlie Minutes of Evidence, as printed 
by order of the House of Commons, with 
Notes and Re f erences ; the Piqpers pre- 
sented to Parliament, and several unpub- 
lished Documents. The nhxAt pnnMured 
for the Press by a Barrister of the Middle 

Shordy will be jnlbluhed, Mammon in 
London, or the Spy of the Day ; a charac- 
teristic and satiric^ Romance, on the mo- 
del of Le Diable Boiteux. In S vols. 

FacetisB (^antabrigienses ; Anecdotes, 
Smart Sayings, &c. by, or relating to, ce- 
lebrated Csntabs ; being a Companion X9 
the Cambridge Tart. 

A Bengalee Version of Tddd's enhuged 
edition of Johnson^s Dicdonanr is in a 
course of publication in India. The public 
will be indebted for this work to the labours 
of Baboo Ram Comfd, senior, and Mr Fe- 
lix Carev. 

A History and Description of West- 
minster Halt widi a Plan of the Hall, and 
an Elevation of the Northern Portal, is now 
in the press. 

No. I. of Roman Antiquides ; or, the 
Durobrisse of Antoninus Idendfied ; in a 
series of Plates, illustradve of the £xcav»* 



lOS Wbrkt Ihtpitruifjbr PMkaihn. U^7» 

ted Remtins of the Roman Ststkm at Caa- gion, oamdr, Chriatianity, Judaism, Pa^ 

tor; with Hates ^fheMottic Pitetottts, gaiiS«m and MahottUVkediBn^ and of the 

&c Bj B. T. Artis. ▼arious existing Denominations, Sects, and 

In the press, Letters on die Highlands Partiei, in the Christian world, 

of Sootland, containing Descriptions of the A 0«ntleman, well known in the Lite. 

Scenery, and an Account of die Manners, rtfy World, is at present occupied ita pre- 

Usages, AntiqoitSes, History, &&, of the pliring a History of Modem Italy. Thts* 

Highlanders, Written and addressed to Woric, oflRaing a compressed Vsnion at 

Sh* Walter Scott, Bart M. De ^smondi*s hiTaluahle Hisioit« dm 

Truth ; or, an Appeal to the People of Repal^uesltaliennes, andodnitoleted from 

Bngland, in bdialf of the Oppressed Poor Muratori and other original auiMritka, te 

in the South of .Ireland ; laying open the nearly ready for publiotion in 0vo. 

great first cause of their Poverty, Disease, Miscdlaneous Collections, Ibrodng a 

and Crime ; pointing out the inefficacy of Fourth Volume to the Louhger*k Ccmk* 

those Means which are now suggested for mon*PIace Book. 

Relief; and urging the Adoption of a just A New beautlftilly pnnted and fMmkr 

and natural Measure, by which alone tiiey royal Ihno vdume for the use of Oooi- 

om be effbctually rescued from present, merdal Oentiemen, will appear In a few 

and preserved from fbture Misery. days, by Mr Wt^t, Acooimtant, FttK> 

In a fow days will be published, a Gram* church street, entitled, *« The New Mtr- 

mar of the Latin Language, by C. 0. cantile Assbtant, and General Cheoae 

Zumpt, Professor in the Frederic's Ghm- Book,*' containing Nine copious «nd dis- 

nasium, Berlin. Translated from the Oer- tinct Sets of Tables.— The first Striea, 

man, with additions, by the Rev. John (Which contain more than One Hundcvd 

Keorick, A. M. Tables) are Cidculations by ReducclsB, oa 

A new edition is prcnaring of Ae Diver* a Novel and Simple principle ; exMbicbig,' 

lions of Purley, by John Home Tooke. at one view, whit any (>>mmodity, Mir- 

The Aristoaracy of Wealth and Fashion $ dnaed in tile aggrogate, I. «. by «e Too 

being a concise Account of the Scotdi and or CwL, costr per single lb., stone, or ^, 

Irish Baronets ; and of Ae Knights and any Number of lbs. or stones, or ^la. ; or 

most considerable or disdnguishMl Com- vke verta-^Tbt Eight otiierTabuatilate 

moners of Great Britain and IreUnd, after to the Pnblio Funds, Ulh Annuities, Wine 

the manner of the Peerage and English and Spirits, Hay and Com, Ac 4c nil 

Baronetage, &c, &c peculiarly dmple, and adapted to the pur- 

A Description of an Electrical Tdegrsph, poses of Commette, and as a liiiqae In 

and of some other Electrical Apparatus, tfie Counttng-Houae. 

with eight Plates, by Ftands Ronalds, Nearly ready^^ new BAliDn of ^ Th« 

wni soon appear. Young Countess," a Tale for VouA,iMwh 

The Rev. R. Adams has in die press, improved and embellished by two fine fin- 

the Religious World Displayed ; or, a gravings by Rhodes, from Drawings Mj 

View of the Four Chrand Systems of Beli. Craig. 



▲BCHiTECTURS. logy, and in the prosecution of the reeenC 

Ardiitectural Illustrations of the Public Dueoveries in £lectn>4:%emicU Science. 

Buildings of Londcm; accompanied by Is. 

HistoriaO, Descriptive, and Critical Ac- Part III. of Isaac Wilson's Catalogne of 

ooonts. By J. Bzitton, F. S. A., &c, and Books, New and Socond-«band, in every 

Augustus Pugin. No. II. price 58. me- department of Ancient and Modem LHem- 

dium 8vo. | &, imperial 8vo. ; and 14s. tore ; comprising the whde of the chok^ 

medium 4to., with proofs. extensive, and very^vsloable Libniry of the 

BTBLiooRAPHT. late Rev. J. flawksky. Minister of Alder- 

A CatalOffue of a Miscellaneous CdDec- tnafibury PDitem Chapd, London ; and 

tion of Books, New and Second4iand, on extensive Collections from tidier Bbnuikb 

sale at the prices affixed, by John and Ar- teeently sold in London ftiid Efitfbiiigh, 

thur Arch, contaming a conuderable ntitn* DOW on Sale at No. 40, Lowgate, Hull, at 

ber of useful, scarce, and curious Works, the* Low Prtoes affixed, for Ready Honey, 

and specimens of eatlv Printing, and the sotavt. 

most valuable recent Publications. Prioe Fldta Domestica; a Destriptife C^Ma- 

6s. boards. logue of Plants wfaidi mav be reared ia 

Tutfaer*s Catalogue of Optical, Phfloso- the House, whh directions for theb Treafr- 

pbical, and Mathematical Instmments ; ment, cndHhiitntions from the Works of 

with a Descriptive Enumeration of the Ap- the Poets, 

[paratus employed in Experimental and Bro<nupfiT. 

Operative Chemistry, Analytical Minera. The Holy Idfo of tt» £linbeth W«l* 



31010% hiit of NrnPuUkatiom. 

kw, fimf « Mo ia / t and Short AMount 
of her Exonplary Piety and Chmritj. By 
AaiImmij Walker, D. D., Rector of Fy- 
fidd, Knex. first puUiiibed in 1690. A 
new edition, abridged and revised by the 
lUvw J. W. Brook% Domestic Chaplain la 
Lord Vifcount Galway. 

Tbe Biq^THiftical Cabinet ; contaiaias a 
CoQecuon oi Portraitu of enunent and &• 
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Faaat; a Prama, translated from the 
fknoan ot Goethe and SchiUcr*s Song oi 
t^ BelL By Lord Fsancis Leveson Oower. 


A Grammar of the Three Prindpal Ori- 
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and Arabic, on a plan entirely new and 
nafe«Uy eaay ; to which is added, a set of 
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tm ; accompanied with an English Trans* 
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Practical Logic ; or, Hints to Young 
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B^B-H. Smart. 3s. 6d. 

A Plea in Behalf o£ a Cbristlaa Coun* 
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the BtftvepdGeotge Monro, M. A., Vi^ 
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. X^tfcs i b^beUe, oi| qqelques R^ex* 
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An BMipmf d Locke*s Essay on the 
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AANNf • for ibe «s^ of thos^ who intend to 
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Bosapoosd* a Sequejl to Rosanxind iq 
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Ttewy and FvaqkicQ; of^ a Quide to 
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The Yontbliil TravcOiBs; or, L^i^ers 
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(i.1. Is. 

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Views in Spain, from the Original 
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Description of an Electrical Telei^apb« 
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A Refutation of the Incorrect SCato* 
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Rdwfc tiiaL rtt dift isdo. 

■vm. Hnitunk, from h. p. I V« 

6. Pt^TvBt. tn parch. (to. 

9 Ll> GnoixM, 0(>t. tFf puidu Tin _ .„ , , .. , 

lMr*a.htntia,yiom.CtrlOjttm punh. Tin M'Crrdiu, n 

On. Miugnift, U. b; pntdk dot 

R. P. Sham, Cor. b; pni^i. da. 

H Cor. Wood, LL brpunb. TtnXarf <^LIb 

«r WUbUn, u i-. 11 do. 

Lb. IrMiduuL Cor. br piiitk. do. C»« Cofpi 
U A.T.Co«Uiiini,Ca.TtnEUHpn>a. 

(M. BowBi, lU}. bi poRA. Tin 

Lb Tnaltan, CnL br Boidb do> B-ACCaLC 
Cat. Niah. U. br pur^ do. 

EiBBl, hum h. p. II Di. Cor. 

t ypgr dti iMSt JohD, poai. C« 

J. a. OgM^ C«f. bi ponb. tW* Usidi ' 

Mnk tda. Ruk of Siuln fMa 1 Apr. in* 

QMN.r.O.&ILWIfHn.EM.iodl.Lbrpi'^ IVoLBa. LL tiwia, hom h. p. 10 F. LL net 

•inSBkBtKiB.FnB. ^ibr Fathndn, nL uu niur in> 

Sr. A Eou ud LL Moitaiu, U. and Cut. t i^L Midr. Qua. H«t. Ttoo CnmU^ 

br pur*. tM A. Mif. Hnk^ Eh. 13 Frb. 

— .....— • U.PllUilgloo,ftoi»h.p,3W.L«. 
LL im CoUiiit, nt. 1M. B Hap 

laBdfr Km. Ronndoii.fcoBtTTF.MLt. rt^ 

..w>. KaUetLnch. IBJ^ 

U. CruJH, C^L b]r pundk. Tin Bcr- I W. L K. lA. BnW«nn. Iban A Dr. Cipt. bp 

nwa^ nu IP da. puich. Tin Bnmlu, pnm. hi Cvo 

Km. ScaUiwkk, LL do. COipa 40. 

"■' " I- .. "inL L'Ertmngo, frooi W F. Cot. 


Corpa, L 

Ma). OakM, fton t LU> Oda. LM}oL 
oTIbL bjpotdhTloo Lt.-Oal. Bwh- 

llaL Marttai, ftom 3 Dr. Odb LL«]L 
of rnC br porch. Tie* M..0«. Lord 
Miukonr, of 3(i F. nL di^ 

Lt. Lord Fn. OooTiidtuino. fMo IT 
Dt. CapL bT puroh. Tt« UtJ. Httt. 
1 ui ur. Robot Qudur. H. AH. do. 

It Jim* Oriiuncc Departmenl. 

' . U CipL. *ad BL Haj. r 
h. p. M CapL Tin 

- DiaA*T,ba.bjp«iti. TtnOgl*. - ~ - 



L cue 11 Dec. im ItiJ. & BL LL-CoL Fr*H( 
Iin, nom 51 P. LL br puroh. vies CoL FnncMiii. r«L 
Maii«ll.pB«ii. itJona Vliloo 


L4:ial. Duiell, Ion. F. a 0( B^ 
DW. Tio* LL^oL fiioeUiD. «* 

AppcitUme^, PnmaUoiu, 4^ ■ CJ[*lji 

CuLfeBLLL-CoL Bwlcn, llijai Uhl-CM BBckan, R. Art. 

TlamHT IIJUH Mala ■. Pom, T t^. O. 
J, I'oww, U^ - ■ 

J, pinnt, lUor - 

la LkuL CnMiL u Cjpt do. Appt^tment, Co^aOci. 

Riwulrj, M Ckfit. ilo. 

IloipiUl S/am Cqit. Bduo, fnm h. p. 14 F. to Cnha CMtb. 

aMT Ah. .'«iiq[. Tvtadu, Sopv Ak. Hop. AhIU. Umoui, Hob h^ u full pa;. 
Snig. Lb ln&, Ttocllaut, IS P. 

Hani. An. Wnlih, frsm h. p. Htm. 

lu^nK«morBt,aa<e. Via. Dqi. Ab Com. 0«i. BlKk^n 
: ■ HiDwn, Ihm h. p. Unp. ruquls. 

Medial Departnunt. Removed, 

FocGS, *la Doiuidaon, dr-' ■*" 


Bn*at Hj4« WUda, U F. 


C^SIrW.Sd.lft.W.W.i:.nHU. "*"' 

H aa oet. 18J* 

-— -ft ldhinnA»IUs 

CoibiCuq4i!liCh.'p.TtKmilfa. N. s. 

— Wlitt, b. > Bmnrtck InC BnmfekTT* 


CofiiM cliriu, h. p. U Dt. 17 KtM. int 

bri^ TudnK, M F. SnmlmlM. laiiji^ 

Win, Cn* Carat, Gnhnrt Tova, Co* 
—' " — J8 Nu. 1% 

C 10 VK. Bb. haaUm, 

iiiNhan.>i.p.l03F. DutUn, BMv. 

„ , . . AjluluitGtiif«i'&Burkt,h.r.STF. imod. 

JUOgnaiioiu ani BelirenmU. Mb. fJ 

„,„ , , _ MiigiUl Airi «ai i t SMbiflmil. FactGnin*, W.B. 

1939.^ StgittfTi—^r^a, Marrvlget, and Dtalht, 110 


BIRTHS. S. At Lmdoa, Ala. Kowdai, Mq. of Tor. 

Ifa 1. At GOmltu. 0» LalY of VQUiin n. 'bvuii Sqiun, uChrlitUn, dMufhtnof tUcbud 

11^^^ ' ' ^^ — At Gilnoiu PIKS, Hi John Dould, mcr. 

Jl. AitlwpBniHsrMtiia, OHLndrc^tba «fi»Bl, oliipiir, tojinle, tidal ^ughmrf Mr 

WUU, bq. adToal^ 1 HB. 

— TW I^^T gf br Mitlnni, kiq. of Sran*. 
wick SquuK Ixndoo. ttf ■ diKhtR 
K At Woohitab CoBMrnTAa I>i 

-llli riiMiiii. tb L^ifCut. 
1, Ron] AiUUerr, oTi duHhter. 
Mod hik Hoqh, Mn VtSi, o( ■ 

Mbt X-CMkllMi ar ■ duigH- 

— At SJ, AltaBT snct Mn Seott. of ■ n. 
>. la OmMMSDHt. Mn TTUUiim J. DaMI. 

la. *i M, !■«■ MiHt. Mb DDi^ap, of ■ 

— TlKHoibLa^FiniBHa.oriduighMr. 
II. At Mdnw, Mn CigiUki Stodnun, of ■ 

It, At DimtfHltiB, Mn Hmocki, oftdauflb 

it At *S, OarSdd Bqun, Hn Jaws Iiriiig, 
II. At FBahDH, DonM, lbs Lady of Hi B. 

— At lit( Laditalp'i bouH. tai Altomiria SDvit, 

LI Edlnbiuf h, Joilili NlibB^ Zh. dT (be 

«(&<«mdHihtir. — —.— dTll .sTTtoe, to Huhel. leeiinil diugfata 

- IB tS wMgp iM. Edhibiinh. A. udr °'l''jJ^gj;S!™£'^M«riSI"L^*^!^ 

ii At HwMn tiWH, InllmS!!^!^ Jua SE^"i^ "^ F^. T° !?«'*' <'»^^'e of 

ItmtnmVmi.alttni.iBitmtt. tlLAi lISS, M* J^l! ?^ h bo U 

o.;;^B£Sri(?4iiiS;.*^""^ "^ j«t d™gh« of Mr roU statSSTKuir- 

ItrfMuSS^&iriVSi. »»Mili»a|.«.llohertTbOBW». 

^*t7.ltoT-Ci™..MnC«l,bMl,of. ^-SS ?SSS;! SSEuV^ "^ * 

UrMnll^wofNiniDaAtnmi(aViMl[.«r ^^t« of the iMo Col. P. Wilker a( CUrtan. 

' »r«X'Hfll Squn. MB A. OUfcri. of .m. _^' k 'SE^'.ilf ' /T^hS"^'Vh"^ 

& At ma MuH of AihUik, Mn HubIHdii, ?f""'„'° ""I- ''5™ ''■"5''?', "* Sf >.'"I- 

^,,0^ — — " — . jjjij^ MiCBOWD, mlMitn of D«]ry, Klikcud- 

n.AlLunlHtoDPbB, MnAlB.Woad,sfl '^'amBom. EMLi 

"m. M OnHoD p«k, th. L>lT of Sii JoHpb JJ^IkIL*™" 

HiIiIM niil irfi ilmihUi d»aglit«ofM — . 

I9L In PoR BtnotTNlxA Ltfth, 111* wlb of „-■ At ChtltenhM. tht Rct. John Nrthmoo 

Una. Ctaik* Snilh, HonlNin ofini. HwanI, cIdcMtoa of the Rer. J. Hmrard, of 

aa A< r Ui^ Houw Uh I^t erf Milor HuUcbuiy. Womddihin, to Ruriel, dioftiUT 

c^oS?iSS. H™ o^, ^"^ i£S~ ■"**• "^ •< wnt hih m« aS. 

" *'?*'??f^_?l'^' "" Hl*™«i t< r7, Al Lochmlll, LinUthnw, Mr Ala. Hm- 

aa At Gladiwood, B«i Hdnn Gcotn O. 
w iiH.» Hill, Eu. Oo»« Stn«. Bedlbrd SquBcOoB. 
_«i iB *on. to liiliolli, «Mt lUlnllHr of Jolu A»dei>. 
^'sS aOB, bf. of Otadnrood.^ 

H. A-onaoftbaCI 

. . I* Cotapuy, M ihu 
k* to tlH Dulu of Atbi _ 

J~. ttLISn. AITlt^lDOBOlT.ofUMCll 

wMeb Mlukod blin whila ludn Di 

bq. cur. llTbTddMl ua of Uu .edetntal AUcu liiTril 

It. At 1 1 limn. In <Mmt, Uannt, Mat 
dutf«B Df tbWian Sinoi. 

— 11 DiHliH. L^.4Unlri JiAb Ouk, 

— Al hK tnnia. In ITN* OfixTBiDr StiMt. 

— Ai ks bMM, ia NtaokcM Sfim, Kb Jw 
Ha H«^irift afMr/now HmiBi, wTltK a 

— At MMMtarKcili. Ik* HM. WUIteB saa- 
duM, alnUtir <rf IkM iBfah, Id Dm IM THC tf 

-^ ——'-TIB ft n.AyM^irtfcrfMtA. 

— At 101, PtIihA Mai. IhMIl 4ncbt(r 

— At oy HA Mv WvH, nam oEikai, 

— WB<itrt«M«o( lb* Inaira^ Dob- 

— At BilkDBMr HouM^ Oh Hob. CIm lUw 
Mnnn, Miiad AMtfNv tf AaUfMUw. Laid 

— At Londoib WilUtB Oocdo, bq. f'CiB^ 
WtoD, In Um SniMtfT <>' Xirtnidhi^kt. 

19. At lAdoB, at ibt aAnBDtd *■• of «, "ft 
WllttMD OMOb^ Ob wikca cf "ilia Diabo- 
Had,- " Iba Tour of Dt St>i<u>' ■b' ■»m <*b« 

«. Ja— IiaiMa. an ttHm. 

Prmlid ty JOMM BMnif)iM«><< Ci. KillBte';*. 



NaLXXIX. AUGl^ST, 1828. VojuXtV. 

• m ■ 


Ws liATe Ifttdj received a very de-* of Datuzal history wbich it now con* 

K^tfai book> ftom % very deHgptftd tains. Such a work is^in fiict, from th^ 

friOHl, aad, beiiig anxious that the nature of things^ an e^Epodtion of the 

verid slioold become ^ happy, and as state of the most imp<Mrtant phvsia4 

wdl niforaiedj as ourselvesi we lose no sdences during the successive and con- 

tine in requesting the numerous in- nected periods of which it treats, and 

diridoals of which it is composed^ men, thus, at the same time that it enli^it* 

womeot s&d dandies, the '' tnterme* ens us rmurding the practical manager 

diite hnk," to order each and all of ment and present state of a most re^ 

Ihero, his her« and its copy. Every* gal institution^ it explains and iUus* 

hody knows something now-g-days of trates the progress of human intellect 

Ike Godeo •f Plants^ or at least ought in many of the roost deligh tf ul hrandir 

flo to do ; finr it has been ascertained^ es of knowledge. 

that even '' Tims" has bearded the The person who writes this work ti^ 

Ooo^aa in his den ; that is^ has stood English is M. Roy^r, a French gen^ 

vitkui a few paces of the Meni|gerie tleman, who holds a situation in th^ 

witbotti anv lear of beipg driven tp office of adnunistration .of the Mu«* 

atoms by the tuft of the lion's taii seum. He is well known for the won- 

Bat in an establishment of such great derful skill which he has attained in 

cucBty aad nnrivaUed exoeUene^ ijb ^q>eaking and writing our languagcu 

Bay wdl be ima^ed» that many without haviqg redded in Britain, imd 

ihnigs worthy of notice escape the oli^ ^r his great civiliu and kindness to 

iorvatioi^ amnany.mpre the com^ those foei^neviwno. visit the Mu- 

fHihiaislon, of trsvellsrs; and hence seom and its enyiponsy for the pur- 

the valoe of a clear and satisfactory' poses of amus^toent or information ; 

history of the rise, progress, and com- and he is universally esteemed for the 

pletkiQ of the King's Garden, and of intelligence and integrity of his cha- 

the splendid collections in every branch racter* He has resided constantly in 

i&Mry and Dewiiptioo of the Museum of Naftnral Hist^fy and Royal BotaiHC 
of Parifr Tvanalatod from the Freooh of M. Ddeusc^ aHiitaiit Bo^Iust. ilY 
A.A. Roysr. 9 tiOs. 8m inth 17 plates. Prise Sis. SoUl by O. B. Sowerby, a^ 
Ebk teect, Covent OardeB, London. 

Tus work has bees composed, by authority of the French govtrmnent, from ihate- 
liah fim iiahed ty the Professors ana.AdminiBtraton of the Museum. 

VoL-xrv. . Q 

Its HUUny oftka Garden ofPUmU. H^vg. 

the Gtrden for these Uit twenty Tears, waters of his Iftde lake, and xeao« 

iox the most part with M. Dufresne, pearing again, all moist and Uatt, 

^ Sing's naturalistj chief director of inrotnimn^ his huge round hade, more 

iSbo loological department, and is con- like afloating island, or a Leviathan of 

aequendy well acquainted with the the ocean, thisnaninhahitsntof teroi* 

management, hoth in its general spi<- firms. 

lit and most minute details. In this neighhoorhood, too, ^lera 

The Garden of Plants is certainly a are camels and dromedaries, the ''slupn 

nuMt interesting spot. . What can he of the de^rt," as they are so beauti^ 

more delightful than to wander about fully odled in tibe figmratiTelangQageB 

in the twilight of a fine autumnal ofthe east, either standingupright, with 

evening, beneath those magnificent their long, gfaost-Uke necks, and amia* 

rows of ancient Hpie-.trees, when the Ue, though imbecile countenances, or 

air is perfumed by the balmy breath couched on the grass, ^* and bedward 

of many thousand fiowers — to Ksten, ruminating," apparently well pleased 

amid such a scene of stillness and re- to have exchanged the burning plains 

pose, to the multitudinous voice of a of Arabia for the refreshing shades of 

mighty city— or to contrast a sound the Jardin des Plantea. No fear now 

oomposed of such discordant and tu« of the blasting breath of the desert, or 

multuous elements with the wild and of those gigantic columns of moving 

plaintive cries of some solitary wa- sand %hicn had so often threatened to 

ter-fewl, whidi inhabit the banks of overwhelm them, and the leaders of 

a little lake, in the centre of this their tribe — no delusive mirage, tempt- 

G^en of Paradise ! On the other ing them still onwards, amongst those 

hand, during the day-time, if less in- glaring, glittering wildernesses, '' with 

teresting to vour sentimentalist, it is show of waters mocking their distress." 

certainly fdlly more amusing to the Even the wilder and more nmumtic 

ordinary class of visitors. Great part animals seem here to have fbund a 

of one side of Uie Garden is laid out happy haven and a fit abode. The 

as a Menagerie, in which all sorts of muk-white goat of Caehmire, with its 

wild animsds are confined, or. more long silky dothing, is seen reposing 

properly speaking, detained — the ex- tranquilly, with hiuf-dosed eyes, upon 

treme comfort and extent of the dwel- some artifidal ledge of reck, forming 

Unp, frith their beauttfid conforma- a beautiftd and lively contrast to the 

bihty to the pursuits and manners of dark green moss witn which it is snr« 

thdr inhabitants, almost entirely pre- rotraded. I>eers and antelopes repose 

duding the idea of anythingso harsh upon the dappled ground, or are seen 

and rigorous as confinement. There the tripling about under the shade of tibe 

elephant, '' wisest of brutes," occupies, ne^bouring lime-trees, while die en- 

as be ought to do, a centnd and consm- dorares, with thdr surround^ dinil>» 

cnous situation. He is not lod^, as ne bery^ are so skilfully arranged, and so 

is vridi us, in a gloomy crib, m whidi intermingled with each omer, that 

he can scarcdv turn himself reond every animal appears as if it e^joyned 

with suiBdent medom to perfbrm die the free ranoe of the vrhole encamp- 

little devices tai^ht him by his keeper, ment, instead of bdna; oonfined to the 

and which one sees how much he de- mmlty of its own Httle hut. The 

spises by the calm melancholy expreff- walks tfe kdd out somewhal in a la- 

sion of his eyes. He dwells m a large byrinthic form, so dbu f^rery step a 

and lofW apartment, opening by means person takes he is delighted by the 

of broad folding-doors into a capadous view of some fair or magnificent crta^ 

area, which is all his own. In this he tuve from <' a far countrie." Birds of 

has dry smooth banks to repose u|>on, die most gorgeous and gracefnl pla« 

and a deep pond of water, into which, mage, peacocks, gol^n i£«asant8, and 

once a' day, he sinks his enormous body, cranes from the Balearic Isles, solidt 

causing the waters to flow over every attention in every quarter, and are seen 

part, except his month and pioboaeia. oroasiagToarpadiinalillieataSBlineaB 

Nothing can be more refreshing than of oonsoeiu beauty, or gliding Uke 

to see him, after basking for some hours snn-besms timragh groves of ever- 

in the morning sun, till his skin be^* green, *' star bright, or br%hter.** In 

comes as parched and dry as the de« whatever direction you turn, you find 

aert duat of Africa— to see him calmir the features of die scenery iifipreaaed 

Mnking down amidst the dear, cool with c faa ractera very dlme&t from 

ibfom vlkli IM wnaQY met with in the groups oi peoplo who crowd ks 
Svmeui countries. At the head of ifAVa. Some of these animals, when 
the GsvdcOy heyond ihe house which thev percd? e any one looking over 
wa s o nce the dwelling ctf the iUustrioos dieu* parapet, erect themselves on tbor 
Bn£Bba, there gvows ajm^piifioent ce* hind 1^, and, stretching f(vth their 
dar, its head rendered more pictn- great paws, seem to ask for charity 
vsme by a cannon-ball^ which struck with all the importunity of a moaning 
it Auiog the Revolution ;* and from a beggar. Indeed, they are so much ac- 
little bin in the neighbourhood, there^ customed to have bread and fruit 
is an extensive and beautiful view, not thtown to them by strangers, that the 
only of the Garden of Plants, with its slightest motion of the umd is gene- 
fiae groves and shadv terraces, but rally sufficient to make them assume 
fJso of the dtv itself, with Mont an erectposition, which they willmain- 
Martro rising like an acr(^>olis in the tain for some tim^, till their strength 
distance, the old square tower of the &il them, andlhey drop to iixe ground^ 
C at hedr al -of Notre Dame, and the testifyiag by a short and sullen growl 
nlden dome of the Hospital of Inva- their displeasure at having been obli- 
Bda. ged to play such fantastic tricks to so 
Between the Garden of Plants pro- little purpose. An unfortunate acd- 
pcdy so called, and that part of it dent befd one of the largest of these 
wbidi is •devoted to the uses of the creatures some years ago. He was sit- 
Kenaoerie, there is a broad and deep ting^perched near the top of his tree, 
aonk Knoe divided by stone walk into when his footing gave way, and he was 
•ercral compartments. These are the precipitated to the ground. A broken 
4ipeQing-houses of the bears, the awk- limb was the only disi^^eeable result 
ward motions and singular attitudes of of this misfortune. His temper of 
lAkh aeem to affi>rd a constant source mind does not, however, appear to have 
of anraaement to the visitors. Bare been much mollified by nis decreased 
ieafleaa tiseea have been planted in the strength of body, for it was this same 
estttre of ^some of these indosures, to animal which caused the death of the 
the top of which Bruin is frequently unfortunate sentinel who had descend- 
to dimb, as if to e^joy the.more ed into his area, misled, as it was sup- 
ided view of the garaen^ and of posed, by an old button or bit of me* 

• •* The htgeti of ^ pine tribeon thr hilkioks, is a cedar of Lebanon, P. Cedrus, the 
inisk of which measmes tirdve feet in drcumfereDce. The history of thin tree, as re. 
cited to ns by Professor Thouin, is renuurkahk. In 1736, Bernard de Jussieu, when 
kaving London, recdved from Peter Collinaon a young plant of Pinus Gedrus, which 
he pl^cd in a flower-pot, and conveyed in safety to the Pans Gardens. Common re- 
port has magnified the exploit by dedaring, that Jusrieu carried it dl the way in Uie 
crown of hia hat. It is now the'identicd tree admired fbr its great nze.** — NeiU's 
Jottrmal tffa HoriicuUnral Tour through Flanders^ HoUand^ and the North of France, 
This work^ no doubt in die hands -oi everv horticaltiarist, whedier ]»ofeB8ioiiBl or ama» 
tear. Mr NcilTs n«ne-is a sufficient {Mga Ibr die catntaad aaeumcy of the infoiw 
aalisB which it contains. Bat the interest of die work » by no means confined to hor* 
^cnkwal details. Ahboe^ these foira, as they ought to do, the leading topics of in* 
W i figst i nn and descriptioo, yet tha author's c^e hiui been by oo means mobs^vant of 
elhcr things* His naxiadve is continually relieved by sensible and ingenious observa- 
tioDS OB the rhaasctcTistic manners and aspect of the people, and on thegeneral features 
cf the scenegr of the various districts through which his tour extends. Tne whole book, 
iadeedy is wttttea in a very dear^ intelligent style ; and, the author's mind being natu- 
rally active, and, during this period especially, occupied by subjects of the greatest in- 
terest and the highest utility, there is no unsuccesnul seardiing after subjects ibr the 
memorandum-book, no necessity for attempting to cover and conceal that vacancy of 
vdnd, wlndi is the companion of most modem tourists. *' 8ensa istrusione,** sajrs sn 
Ita&n writer, ^ non puo aversi atiliti, ne diletlo vtaggiaado ; ed ^ mi^&>r cosa che il 
liBoa ioeeilo nsstando frafe domsstiefaa mura la ana nuUita, e la vcrgo^a della sua ig- 
Boanza.*' Widi Mr NeiU, on the contrary, tbore was always a dehghfixl subject at 
hand to ooam die attcntioB, and a constant exerdse of inteUi^ce required in compa* 
zi^g whai hie then witnessed for the first time in foreign countnes, with the residt of his 
own past experience at home ; and the '* Hordcultuial Tour,'* recently published, ex- 
hUs what, mdeed, m%ht have been anticipated from the author's charscter, althou^ jt 
ii nntly met with now^a-daysy«-great knowledge without the slightest pretension* 

nn> winon IM tnntooE for « puoo w flerwiy^ swr iBt wetnJMiMi m ■oisir 

inonev* Hie cries of this poor behif aiif fae^iai eou^hedaiBMaglbetanwi 

were hetrd distinctly during tiie still* 6d-ttp grass of an Indian j«ig)e. 'Biff 

ness nf l!ie nig^t bjr ^ose wbo dwdt his companion in adversity appekra til 

witliin the garden : but^ as diere was raffer from a more IdHg^y oo ifoi r U rt 

no rea^h to dread the possibility of ranembranoe of his ancient voiMls a»i 

such an accident occurring, no asdst-* rivers, with all dieir wild magnffieence* 

ance was offered. He was fbund by ^ dingle and bui^y dell/' is visibly 

die guard wbo came to relieve him in Imj^nted in hisrecoUeetion. Like tlie 

die rooming, lying dead beneath the dying gladiator, he thinks oidyof'^bM 

paws of the bear, exhibiting, compa- young barbarians," and, whenhepaoefe 

xatively speaking, f^w marks of extern around his cell, he doini so wilii iM* 

nal violence, but almost all his bones same air of forlorn dignity as RegnhA 

broken to pieces. The bear retired at might have asaumed in the prison of 

the voice of his keeper, and did not, in 

ftct, seem to have been induced by any 

Carnivorous propensity to attack the 

person whose death itnad thus so mi- „ 

cenibly occasioned. It was rather what book, to which we had sat ^wn 

an dti man in the garden characterized die intention of •extractkir'an arddA. 

the Carthaginians^ 

fiut, while we ore in^Kikiog o«ri 
selves in " a woiM-of fbnd l e nc mi 
brances," we are forgetting Mr Roy«r% 

is a piece of mauvaise plaisanterie, 
ior it appeared to derive amusement 
from lifting the body in its paws and 
h>l}ing it along the ground^ and shew- 
ed no symptom of fierceness or anger 
when driven into its interior cdl.* 

Turning to the right as yon enter 
die lower gate of the Grardcn, opposite 
die Bridge of Austerlitz, now called 
tiie Pons du Jardin du Rd, you ap- 
proadi the dwellings of the more car- 
nivorous animals, which are confhied 
In Cages widi iron grodngs, very simfi 
larto.our travelling caravans*. Here 
the lion is truly the king of beasts, 
being die oldest, the largest, «nd in all 
respects the most magnmcent, I have 
^er seen. There is a melancholy 
^ndeur about this creature in a state 
pf captivity, which I can never witness 
.without tne truest commiseration. — 
.The elegant aD4 playful attitudes of 
the smaller animals of the feline tribe 
Ung to expraialva of happinaai «nd 
«Ddtentment, pi«vent one tiom osm- 
masionating their RnsfoKunea in a si- 
idilar manner ; while die fierce and 
vmel eye of the tiger, with his restless 
'knd impatient daneanour^ produces 
Tather tne contrary feeling ofsatisfoc- 
tion, that so savage an ammal ^ould 
Ibe kept for ever m confinement He 
-iPpe«ni to lament his loss of liberty, 
iiiefly because he cannot satiate lus 

We diril therefoi« ptoeeedinthetoit 
place to form a oompendk)aBiiMcfti-of 
the Garden and Cabinet, from -die pe^ 
tied of thdr origin to the oloae af Huft 
nentury, which we deem it the nioff<e 
necessary to do, as thesuMeet has not 
yet found a |^oe in En^K^ MinatMtf • 
We must, however, premise, dmt tlie 
nature and confined Kmiti of enr «l|k 
stract will necessarily ei(clnde<a t li »i ifc 
sand interesting particulars regarding 
the history of Midivldual |dants ana 
«nimtls, ibr the duddaiion «f wftMi 
we therefore refer our r^^$ff8_tp die 
work itself, which is just about this 
time ready Ibr doUtery to ihe pubMc^ 
The King*s Oarden in Pari6> oon*. 
monly eailed the Garden of IPknta, 
was rounded by Louis XIII., by an 
edict given and registerefl brthe Par- 
liament, in the month of May, VSS6» 
Its direction was assigned to the first 
Physician Hevouard, whp dioaaaslii- 
tsndant Guy de la Bcpsae. >4^ first it 
conaistod only joi a single bausBj and 
twantjh^bur acvea of land. Oofdela 
Dt ssse , 4toring the first ycsr ot kU 
management^ fbraied a ^lOHMfoHMe 
fi^ Ibng, and S27 broad, compoaed ^ 
such plants as he could proctire, Ae 
greater nunlber of which w^ ^J^ 
him by John Kobhi, the fadier bfVe^ 
pa^ahi the King's botanist These 
ap^ui^tedj including varietieiL to 180^ 

thttstiarUoodby tbeaaerificeofthoiej H^ then/pt spared tlb^^g^PW^fFOon- 
•befisK him ; hia countenance glasea aa red new ^aoiaby oo w sapondMi^ 

\ * We understand that the beats are now removed to The new' MenagjkAf^f wild 
'hca^iS) and their plaoes in the Foti^t occupied by a breed of boan. (m tfid fV&itd 
Marguerite, ihegrieat elephant, alluded to !n a preceding patpgraph^ has been dead ibr 
same years. 

•aiiJBpiMiff llw^gMtei to the ex*, ^lebt-tbe MtabiiBlaQeiii tfHuiiied 1«« 
mt #fit«ft>aciee^ ^M opened it i» veesfaigiiEporteiieeyftOd it would luive 
HM. : li Mtan'b^ the piinted eete^i adveoced still more npidly, had tiie 

of tile cDauig' reWy thu the pnaopal admiiiutratkm not been xatl* 

Ukd TBI 

of specM ettd Tariedee had led with ether offioei* Fa«n>whohftd 

'ioia«»« De k Broiee died^ §ar aevend yeaft fflbd the betaoioal 

hi 1§48; and ehemii»l chmrs with applanse> 

Such wsa the ongiBef an establish-^ hein|; enounbered with ether duties, 

ac«i which haesiiioe attained bo high meditated the re«gimtion of Ids pilaee> 

a dqne^itf pnaperity, and has beeohne and, widiing to apfimnt a snoeessos 

Ibefins aoboid of Natand History in worthy of himself, he ealled, from a 

the weiid* We shall not eonsder it remote oart of France, the alterwards 

■ s w i iitoy So mentieii eaeh snbaet^ent ao highly cel^yrated Joseph Pitten de 

flhtngs in she hMasgeinent and super'* Toumefort, then only twenty-six years 

■rtwidenee, bn t shall rest aatiafied with of age, hiit who had already given preb 

aHnding onlyto the labours of those mise of w^iat herwas one &y to be* 

whose appointaaent may be regarded some. He was appointed to the chdr 

aaft pcoapnwni can in tiie histery of ef botany in ISdS, Ten years after, 

the^BideB. About the year 165S, Fft« Fagon beeame first phyaidan. This 

ffm, g y a ad aephew of De la firosae, appointment gave him the intend* 

shiakMd a sit i Mtiim . in the e8tid)liah- anoe of the- GairdaB ; aiKL, from the 

■eat, jHad-tsatdkd at his crwaexpenie singular mspect in which he was held, 

thrsa^jh menml pnmnees -of France, the tide of Superintendent was re^es- 

and-aBoog the Alna and Pyroiees, tatdidleddn hia £n«nr. 

and sent the fruit of his reseaoiehes to • The signal saceess of Tovmefint in 

the Gardeo. In ItfiS, the number ef the onkivation of botanical scicBoe, is 

ipe Bis B a^d variallea«monnAed to 4060« umvenally known. He was the first 

In dKBaeatnftlme^ Gorton D^Or^onu, snocesafrdly to define the genera of 

hnthcr of Imus XIH., had establish^ plants, and the excellence of ms groupa 

cd a bntawral garden at his pabce of exhibits the deamess of his concept 

Blais, mtikA bid acquired ee kij t i ty tions, and raidcs him as the father ef 

thwgh -te works ef Monson, abd that brandi of the sdoiee. He died 

by a collection of drawings of thewioBt in 1708, in oonaeqaetace of an injury 

BsnMrkahte plants. These drawings xeceired from a wofl^n in a narrow 

iMBe "^nofi^ e&eeuted on rettum, vf street of I^uis, snd i^c his oollectiea 

fiabert, e umwt for his great skill aa of natnral history, and herbariam, to 

a bataideal painter. Amr tiie -death the Gbrden. This herbarium is net 

sf Gaaton, in. 1<KH>, Oolbert persuaded extenire, but it is rendered rduaUe 

the JCng to jpdrchsse the whole cd- by the idants gathered in the Lerant) 

leetiaii ; and fiobert was appointed and indieated in the Coro^arium of 

pateterto die MnseinD, ^ere ne eon- ihe InttUutiontB Rei Herbarium, He 

iinued \m labours till his death in was auceeeded in the botanical chair by 

IfBi. Other eminent painters ha?* Danty D'lsnard. 

eantinaBlly succeeded to die siteiation, D'lanard netired after delirering a 

and it ia thna that the magnifioent sin^^e course of lectures, and was sue* 

coQeetion of drawings of puoits asid -ceeded by Antony de Jossieu, a name 

animals haa been formed, which was so justly celebrated in botany, in con^ 

at first deposited in the King's tibrary, sequence of the impulse which his 

and now forms the most talxudde pot <ywn labours, and those of his two bv»- 

•f^atof the Museum. there and nephew, have given to the 

. VaHot, tire chief director, dyiiqp in scienoe. In 1716, he visited Spain and 

K71,Coibertnatoed the superintend- Psrti:^, and brought back an im* 

enee of the Garden to ^at of the mense aooessmn to the Garden. It 

JBngSslwrfldinge, akcady held by him- was tfiissameAntDnyde Jusdeu, who, 

sdf; learing to the first physician the -in 1790, intrusted Declieox, a lieu* 

4ilfe«f ln( Mrfsnt only, with the di- tenant in the Royal Kavy, wi^ a 

of the cultivation. In the young cofi*ee tree, which, transported 

month of December he obtained a de- to Martinique, became the parent of 
firou' the Kiog, regulating the immense culture of the West f n- 

•the administration of tile Garden, and dies. Meanwhile, the cultivation df 
-pive oscmmsioBS to the Processors de- the Garden was confided to Sebastian 
fining their duties. Frotn this mo- Vaillant, who formed a very considerw 

Me btttekun, iSbe ge&tm of ^MA imr to BiiflbM»— 4o liuil Mi gi rf fln i H 

were nieUiodicallv amnged, and Uw attatdithmeiit he» on the otli^ hnd, 

•pedes aoooRipanied by tiekeCi^ iodi- owes hk tune. If be bed not been 

cetine all tbe ayDODyras tben known, placed in tbe nddat ofeoUeetioitiy Anw 

Tfaiaherbar in ni^wbicb, at bia deadi in niabed by Gorernment with the BMlaa 

1799, was purehaaed by order ot the of angmentingtbein^ and tbna enabled 

King, fbmw tbe basis of that of tbe by extensive correspondence to elSoit 

Museum. Wbat diiefly signalisea tbe information from all tbfe natnr di au of 

name of Yatllant, is bis first public bis day, be would never bave conceit 

diseoune on assuming tbe functions ved the plan of his natural bistorr, or 

of Assistant Professor, (in tbe absence been able to carry it into execnttoli; 

of the Principal,) in which he demon- §or that genius which embraoea a mnt 

strates the existence of two sexes, and variety of fiu^ta, in order to dedoee 

tbe phenomena of fbcundadon in ve- from them genersl condusiens, ia cott- 

getabks. Thus it was in the King's tinually exposed to err, if it baa not »l 

Gnrdendiat this great discovery, which hand all the dements of its ^eeuift- 

bad been only mnted at before, and tions. 

was not generally admitted, was first We mav now be said to oommeiiee 

announc^, and supported by irrefra^ die second period of tbe history of tlm 

gable proofs Royal Garden. When Buflbo entered 

We shall pass in silence ^e unpro- upon bis office, the Cabinet con st ate d 

fitaUe period of Chirac's administra- of two smaU rooms, and a ^drd, oon* 

tion of the affiurs of the Garden, and taining tbe preparationa of anatomy, 

proceed to the appointment %f Bufibn which were not exposed to public view c 

m 1789, who was preferred to tbe si- tbe herbarium was in the apartment 

tuation in consequence of the ^ying of tbe demonstrator of botanr : tlie 

request of Du Fay, bis immediate pre- Garden, which was Umited to rae pro» 

deoesBor. This illustrious writer waa sent nursery on tbe eastern aide, to 

abready distinguished by several me- the green house on the north, and the 

moirs on mathematics, natural philo- galleries of natural history on tbe west, 

sophy, snd rural economy, whicti had at^ presented empty spacea, and con* 

gamed bim admittance to ihe Acade- tain^ neither avenma nor regular 

my of Sciences ; but he was as yet un- plantations.* 

known as a naturalist. Endowed with fiuffim first Erected hu attention to 

that power* of attention which disco- the increasing of the oollectiona, and 

▼era the most distant reUticms of to the providing of more eommodioita 

thought, and that brilliancy of imagi- places for dieir reception. They were 

nation which commands the attention arran^ in two large rooma of ^e 

of others to the result of laborious in- buildmg which contains the present 

vestigaticms, he was equally fitted to salleries, and whidi was formerly the 

aucceed in difi^rent walks of genius. dwdling-4iouseoftbeIntendsint; and^ 

He* bad not yet decided to what ob- aoon after, were opened to tbe ^mbiit 

jects he should devote bis talents and en appointed daya. He next o c c u pie d 

acquirements, when his nomination to himaelf in the embellidiment of ibe 

tbe place of Intendant of the King's Garden. Having cut down an old av»- 

Garden determined him to attach hira- nue whidi did not correspond wi^ the 

self to natural histmy. As his repu- principal gate, be replaced it in 1740, 

tation increased, he employed the ad- by one of lime treea in die proper di- 

vantagea afibrded by his credit and ce- reetion, and [Wanted anothd^ parallel 

lebrity, to enrich the establishment to on the other side of theparlerre. Theee 

which he had allied himself; and to aveniles, which are now more than 

him are owing its growth and improve- eighty years old, terminate towards tbe 

ment till tbe period of ita reorganiza- extremity of the nursery, and mark 

tion, and that extension and variety the linnts of the Gurden at that p^ 

which rendered a reorganization ne- riod. 

ceaaary. If th^Muaeumoweaitssplen- The care of tbe Cabinet was at tbin 

* The name of Mutemm rfNaiurei BUtifty is of recent dale ; it was givea at tbe 
period when the Garden aaramed its present fonn, and was ennrtoyed to raignate tba 
uiiioQ of three foaner cstsUiBhrnentf, the King's Garden, tbe CaUnet. and the M saft- 



tiM JirtMlei to Bcnynd de Jwte, 
wfao had bettwired unwiing puM 
iM its artam^eioait aiid presenratioii. 
Tb€ extent c€\m knowledgpe, and the 
freilitf with which he aeiaed the affl- 
of bodiety and elaned them in 

tiieir naturml order, oiudified him per- 
tieukriy for this task, rendered more 

by the increaae of the coUee- 
; but, being direrted by other 
•ecopations, and residing at some dis- 
tance fimn the6arden,heex|wes8eda 
desire to be rdiered from an office 
which required unwearied activity and 
c eas e lea s assiduity. Buffon also Alt 
that his researches in natural history 
needed the assistance of a man who 
had still all the ardour of yondi, and 
who possessed, in a high degree, both 
the spirit of method, and a talent for 
observation. Gifted with that genius 
whidi seises the i»incipal dkaracters 
of olgeets, and unites than in ralendid 
eombtnacions, he had neither time nor 
patie n ce Ibr the examination of details, 
Id which the weakness of his sight 
was siso an obstacle. He made choice 
sf his countryman Daubenton, who 
WIS then twenly-nine years of age; 
snd who, after studying botany under 
De Jussien, and anatomy under Win- 
slsw and Oufemey, had retired to 
If ontbsrd, the place of hia birth, to 
practise medicine. Bufibn invited him 
tsFsiis, an^ in 1 743, procured him the 

^of keeper of the Cabinet, with a 
ig in the Garden,' and appoint- 
■Mttts which sooo rose from 600 to 
4000 ftaics per snnum. He ai^aigdd. 
Ite Willi the arrangement of the Ca- 
hiaet, and associated him to his own 
iladies, ia the descriptive part of his 
nstoral history, specially m the ano- 

Tiie first volumes of hia great work 
en Katoral Historr were publidied in 
1X49, and attractea the attentk>n of all 
EusDpe* The subsequent labours of 
Linnaeiis, and the li^t whidi his cla»- 
afication threw upon the intricate and 
ahnost endless variety of subjects, no 
doidit contributed greatly to augment 
tito number of aeslous students, and 
to increase Aeir confidence in the re- 
sult of their labours ; but the splen- 
did writings of BuffiMi may be said to 
have been the firA whicn excited a~ 
general interest in this delightful 
study. These twi»men nuy be &oked 
■pon as the great lights of the sdenoe 
OT flstiire^ 

But to xetum to the history of the 


Museum. In 1766. the coBeclioil had 
so greatly increased, that Buffim, who 
had nreviously given up a part of his 
dwdiing house, which ne occupied as 
Superintendent of the Grsrden, now re- 
signed it entirdy, and removed to No. 
13, Rue desFosiSs Saint-Vietor. The 
Cabinet was then disposed in four 
large saloons, which contained the 
whole collection till the reovgania** 
ti(m. These saloons were open to the 
public two days in each week, and the 
pupils had hours set iqiart for atudy. 
Daubenton was always present to give 
the necessary explanations; and fo- 
reign naturalists often resorted to him 
for instruction. His patience was in- 
exhaustible, but tlie duties of lus si- 
tuation became too laborious for the 
exertions of a single individual, and 
his cousin, the younger Daubenton, 
was created assistant, with a sf^Lsry ti 
8400 franca. 

Antony de Jusaieu, who still filled 
the chair of Botany, was noless assidu- 
ous in proroq^ng the advanoement of 
his peculiar depttrtmrat, not merely by 
delivering lectures, but by sending 
young men, at his own expense, to tra- 
vel through the provinces, to collect 
seeds and plants. He formed a librury 
of natural history and a considerable 
herbarium, which were of eminent ser- 
vice to his illustrious brother and n»> 
phew, and which have been always as' 
much at the disposal of those who cul^ 
tivate the sciences, as if they belonged 
to the establishment, with tnis advan^ 
tage, that desired explanations are ne- 
ver withheld by the courtesy of the 
possessors. Antony de Jussieu died in 
1 758, and was succeeded by Lemonier, 
who beii^ appointed first physician 
to the king in 1770, Antony Lamrence 
4e Jussieu, the present venerable Pro- 
fessor of Botany, succeeded to the 
chair. Sometime prior to this, J. A. 
Thouin, the head or a family aince bfr- 
come.distinguished by its services to 
the Garden, had obtained a situation 
as assistant cultivator in the estabhab- 

Bufibo had now attained the meri- 
dian of his glory ; his works, which 
assigned him the first rank amongst 
the authors of his time, had diffiiaed 
a universal taste for the study of Na- 
tural History, while the collections he 
had formed fadliteted the study of 
this science. In foreign countries also, 
he enjoyed the hi^iest reputation; 
rad the authors of new observitioii^ 

them to a man of genius^ by whmn to 
be moDtaooad was a son of paiiport to 
immortaiKty. M. D'AogLvUler, idioi6 
place at director of the Kins'a baihU 
ings, and chief of the Academiea of 
Faititiiig and Sculpture, teqiiured him 
to point oat the great men whose sta- 
toes irere to be executed in marble at 
the pubiic expense, asked peimission 
of tne King to erect one to Buffon* 
This waf , perhaps, the most flattering 
dis^lction whicn could be conferred 
on a Mfing man, as it had till then 
been leaerTed for the memory of those 
who had rendered the most eminent 
services to their country. But the 
"Kiag, reading the judgment of poste* 
fity regarding the merits of Bunbn in 
tfaAt of bis cotemporaries^assented to the 
proposal, and the celebrated P«oa was 
charged with the execution. This sta* 
tue is now in the Ubrary of the Musenm. 
We may easily conceive how gratify- 
ing the drcnmstance most have proved 
to one 80 sensible of thejove of fiune, 
and withal sufficiently impressed with 
a knowledge of his awn nigh attain* 
ments. *' The works of eminent ge^ 
niuses," heiised to say, ''are few ; they 
are those of Newton, Bacon, Leibnitz, 
-Montesquieu, and mtf own" 
' The health of Buffbn, which had 
«afibred severely during the preceding 
year, being perfectly re-established in 
the beginning of 1772, he resolved to 
fix his residence once more in the Gkurv 
•den, and to employ his whole influence 
-for the benefit of the establishment. 
With the aid of government, he puiv 
<haaed two houses adjoining the mu* 
aeum, one of which he destined to 
the dwelling 6f the Intendant, and 
itemoved into it accordingly ; the first 
-floor was anpropriated to liis house- 
hold, and the othen to such objects 
as had not yet found their place in the 
-Museum. The return of fiuffim ibrms 
on epoch in the history of the Garden ; 
Ifrom that moment, ' every branch of 
the establishment rapidly increased, 
and the way was prepared for the ii&- 
fmyvements whicn have taken place 
iinee the new organisation. It would 
Hue exceed our utmost limits if we were 
to give a detail of all the improve- 
•fnents introduced by Buffi>n during 
' the sixteen years of his administration. 
Suffice it to say, that the. Garden was 
more than doubled in extent, its plan 
and distribution became regular aad 
beautiful, and every possiUsadvamage 

History rftke Gar^it ^.Pfaafs 

offmd. iNiilM: e«k*Ba aaA Maiyt 
of vcgetahte; bul the |Mrfdolioa oi 
one pai:t of the eaiablishmant tmH^ 
Modmd, ^ dflfldeBdea of dm nmt 
nKne-appirsiMa The Cid>iiiet wn x»Ct 
^[ladoua eumuAi to conlaiQ the. vaali 
aoeesaion of obtieots, and the Amtjkd'^ 
theatre was both too smaUt ana iiir 
other respects inconvenient. 

In 1787, Buflbn prbcured the pur- 
ehase 0f the Hotel de Magny, witA it* 
eourts and gardens, situated betwaeD 
the Hill of Eveigraens, and the Bne 
de Seine; he'thste cooatnicted tliw 
i^nhithaatre, whidl now.. serves to 
the lectures of botany and dieodstry^ 
and removed the lodstng of MJdU 
Daubenton andLac^peds totheHMel 
de Magny. The second floor of thm 
Cabinet which was thus IcA vacant^ 
was fitted up for the reception of the 
ftffllfffi ti flin i , and pcrmiaBion. ffhty»T^ 
ftom gover nm ent to erect an additiots 
to the former gaUeriea; the work was 
immediately bcpun, and oontinuad 
without intermusiim* but it was not 
completed tUl aft» the death of Bu£^ 
fon. . 

; As the buildings became more cx» 
tensite^ and the ejects were dispoaed 
in a more striking manner, more vahit 
was attached to the oollectlons, and 
the celebrity of the establishment in-< 
creased. Individuals offined specie 
mens to the Cabinet, whcfe they were 
aeen inscribed with the name of tb« 
donor, in preference to retaLnina; thmi 
at home ; learned societiea eagsnr ooiw 
tributied to the progress of knomadgq^ 
by enriching a public deposit i and 
sovereigns, as ad agreeable praseiit M 
tiie King, sent to ms Musenm dqpli* 
cates of the curiositie^ in their owm 
The Academy of Sciences, for instancy 
having acquired Hunatid's aiiatomical 
collection, added it to that of Dnveiv 
ney in the Garden ; the Count IXAnt- 
giviller gave Buffbn his private cabi- 
net ; the Missionaries in China sent 
him whatever intereatiBg objects they 
could procure in a country where they 
alone could penetrate; the King or 
Poland presented a very ooasideraUe 
ccdlection of minerals ; and the En»> 
press of Russia, not bdng able to in- 
duce Buffbn to visit St Peterabuiegh, 
invited his son, and on his cetom pni- 
sented him wiUi several anfanals from 
the North, which were wanting to. the 
Cabinet, and with Tarioua oluecta of 
natural history collected in berdiH 



Sithry of the Garden rfFbmts. 


MemrfaQe tbe ffdrenmient neg^^et* 
ed nothuig for me perfecting of a& 
wtiHtfhnf** whidi did honour to Uie 
Btdon as a rqiontory of Hghty and a 
ttBtre of commnmcation. More con- 
■denbie fnnda than had hefbre been 
amled, were placed at tiie disposal of 
M. Daahenton, fbr the pordiase of ob- 
jects interesting from their rarity or 
their ntflity to scioice; ftireign trew 
were tran^dsnted; the Cabinet of 
Zoology was enriched by the coUecticm 
of Sonnerat in India, \^ diat of Com- 
Benon^made in Boiu^ainrille's yoyage 
noad die world, and br apart of that 
brouffht by Dombey mm Pern and 
ddh, of whidi half the olijecto were 
detsiaed by the Spaoush goTemment, 
vho even premited the publication of 
lififnarn^Te; commissions of corres- 
poBdenee^ accompanied by a salary, 
woe also grren to learned trayellers, 
wlio engaged to collect obiects for the 
Botinieal Garden and tne Cabinet. 
Kevertfielcas, it mnst be owned, that 
tO these collections were not at that 
Boment of mndi ntiUty, and it is only 
at a later period, and since the new 
flfganinticm of the establishment, that 
taeir impor tance has been felt, and 
dieir end attained. Biiffi>n was not a 
fiieod to method; he described the 
caOerior form^ the habits and economy 
sf aniroals, and ascended to the most 
derated general Tiews; but he dis- 
liked the ubovr of distinguishing cha- 
acters, and settling principles of das- 
afication. In the arrangement of the 
Cabinet, he widied to excite curiosity 
\j atcUdng contrasts, so that, like hu 
own writings^ it dioiild present a pio- 
t0e ot the most remarkable things in 
■atore, independent of system, wnich 
he rq^rded as the artmoe of man* 
This manner of considering natural 
hiatory, was particularly pleasine to a 
Bind that de%hted in contemplating 
the nniyerte of things as a whole; and, 
indeed, in nature, where all is har- 
mony, the most different bdngs are 
fboed side by side, and the imagi- 
oatioD seises at once the links which 
miite, and the diaracters which sepa- 
tate them. According to Buflfbn, the 
end of a general collection waa at- 
tuned, when it capdvated the atten- 
tion, uid led the oeholder to seek in 
living nature what was thus imper- 
ktdj represented ; it was even deem- 
ed a usetol efxerctse to separate what 
icbted to a peculiar study, from the 
oowd of objects that surrounded it. 
Vol. XIV. 

One of the worst ebnsequences of 
this system was the neglect of what- 
ever was not calculated to interest the 
public. When a collection arriyed, 
the most ranarkable objects were se- 
lected to fill the empty Spaces, and the 
rest were preseryed in boxes, or allow- 
ed to remain in the obscurity of their 
packing cases. As there was, at this 
pmod, no professor of zoology, or of mi- 
neralogy, tiie botanical garden was the 
only part of the establisnment metho- 
dically distributed throughout Yet^ 
far from reproaching Bum>n with not 
haying effbcted what it was. perhaps 
impossible at that time to perform, we 
should rather acknowledge our obliga- 
tions to him for haying assembled, 
not only the numerous collection of 
birds contained in his work, and that 
of fishes described by M. de LacepMe, 
but also a multitude of objects of all 
kinds, which haye since be^ properly 
arranged, and haye eminently contri- 
buted to the progress of natural his- 

In 1784, Daubenton the younger 
being obliged by bad health to resign 
his place of keeper and demonstrator 
of the Cabinet, Bufibn appointed, as his 
successor, M. de Lac^pede, who vvas 
thus fix^ in the pursuit of natural 
history, in which he has since made 
so eminent a figure, both as a professor 
and an author. 

We haye said that there were at 
this period chairs for botany, anatomy, 
and chemistry only ; but as Dauben- 
ton and his assistant repaired daily to 
the Cabinet, naturalists were enaoled 
to obtain ex^danations ofHhe objects 
before them, and these private lessons 
were the more useful, as they were 
adapted to the capacity and know- 
ledge of the hearers. Lemonier had 
been Professor of Botany since 1758, 
and Bernard de Jussieu demonstrator 
since 1792; but, the former bdn^ 
obliged to reside at Versailles, and 
the latter finding himself weakened 
through age, M. de Jussieu, his ne- 
phew, was chosen to supply the place 
of both, and was thus charged with 
the lectures in the garden, and the 
botanical excursions in the country. 
During the last years of his life, Ber- 
nard de Jussieu intrusted the details 
of cultiyation wholly to M. Andr^ 
Thouin, and it was a signal satisfac- 
tion to him to witness the replanting 
of the Botanic Garden. When he walk- 
ed in the establishment, his former 



mala crowded arMadhim^ Uitanlng 
to mm witli eagerBMs, and tieaawing 
op with TeoeimtioD his sU^lesi words. 
Jknumg his many sernoea to the Gar- 
dea muat be reckoned the edneation 
of hia nephew, whohaa made of botany 
a regular acienee, by dereloping and 
perfecting the nataral method. 

M. Demntainea was appointed Pro- 
fieiaor of Botany about the year 178a, 
immediatelv anar hia return from Bar^ 
bary with the plants of which he baa 
yince published the history. At the 
period of his appointment^ the Botanie 
Garden waa already very rich ; and 
the instruction waa no longer limited 
to die demonstration of medicinal 
plants ; for the progress of the science 
ailioe Toum^ort, by the intermediate 
laboura of Linueua, Adanson, and 
de Jussieu, authorized and Required a 
more philosophic plan. M. Desfon- 
taines was the first to pereeive die 
importance of a general knowledge of 
the nature of TegetaUes, theftmctioaa 
peculiar to each organ, and the pheno* 
mena of the different perioda of their 
deTeloperoent, in order duly to under-^ 
atand their generic and specific cha^ 
racters ; he, therefore, oivided hia 
^urse into two parta; the first ha 
devoted to the anatomy and phyaiology 
of vegetables ; the second to the classic 
fication and description of the geaera 
an4 species. From that period, bo* 
tanical instruction was no longer oon- 
fined to the exterior forms of pluitiu 
but comprised thdr affinities, uses, and 
modificationa. To the method of leach- 
ing adopted in the King's Gkurden since 
1788, are to be aacribed those works 
whidi have made vegetable physiology 
the basis of botany, and led to the 
applications of this science in agricul- 
ture and the arts. 

Buffi>n died on the I6th of Amil, 
1788, and his place of Chief Intendant 
of the King's Garden was given to the 
llarquii de la Billarderie* We come 
now to the third and kat period of 
imr hiatory, that which extends from 
the death of Buffon down to the pre- 
aent time, including the epoch of the 
new organisation, to whi^ we havo 
already occasionally alluded. On the 
SOth of August, 1700, M. Lebrun 
made a report, in the name of the com- 
mittee of finances of the Conatituent 
Assembly, on the state of the King's 
Garden, in wfaidi its expenses were 
estimated at 89,9S8 francs; 19,777 
being necessary for repaira. This re- 

Hidorsf 9/ the Chrden ofPkm^ 

port, wfakh waa the ainiil 'fiir a new 
organisation, waa fmmtd bv tlw 
dimup;ht of a daeiee ntopoainff toe 

draugnt ox a oaciac propoaing tno s^ 
duetion of the InteMant'a aakry ftom 
19,000 to 8000 ftaaoa; the aappwa 
aton of aeveral plaoea, pvtieulany tkai 
of commandant of the poliee or tfa^ 
Garden ; an incaeaaed attend to aooae 
of the profeaaora ; the craatioa of m 
ohair of natural hialory, &e. &e. 
The diaordera of the rev^tion bo« 

Suing at thla period, M. de la Billatw 
ie withdrew from Fnnce, and hia 
place of Intendant was filled by tlw 
appointment of M. de St Pierre, ia 
1788. St Pienne undertook the dira»* 
tion of the King's Garden ata diflfeolt 
conjuncture. Tnat distinguiahed wri* 
ter was gifted with eminent talents ao 
a painter of nature, and a master of 
the milder afi^sedons ; he knew at oaoo 
to awaken both the heart and the 
imaginadon ; but he wanted exaet ad- 
dons in science^ and hia dmid and m^> 
hmcholy duuracter deprived him of 
that knowledge of the woiid, and that 
energy of purpose, which are alike re* 
quistte for the^exerdon of authority. 
Nevertheleas, he was precisdy the vamm 
lor the crisis. His quiet and retired 
life shielded him from persecution, and 
his prudence waa a safisguard to the 
eatabliahment. He preaented aevesal 
memdra to the mlmatry, containing 
aome very sound regulations, concei- 
ved in a i^irit of economy whidroitw 
cumstances r^idered necessary. la 
these memoirs may always be nodoed 
the following wovda ^— ''AHer oooanlt* 
ing the eldeEs," by which term he do- 
aignatfid the persons who had beem 
kmg attadied to the eatabiishment» 
thouj^ without an official diare in iaa 

At a period so pr^nant with diaa»> 
ter to the fortunes ofthe King, it map 
well be suppoaed that the King^s wild 
beaats would not meet with a kinder 
treatment than the reat of the fiimily. 
In fact, the Menafferie at VieraaiUea 
being abandoned, and the animala like- 
ly to perish of hunmr, M. Coutmeiei^ 
intenoant of the Sing'a domaina in 
that city, oflfered them, by order of 
the minister, to M. Si Pierre; but^ aa 
he had neither convenient placea te 
their reception, nor meanaof providing 
for their subsistence, be prevailed on 
M. Couturier to keep them, andimme- 
diafeely addressed a memoir to the go- 
▼enunait on the -importance of m^^' 
blishing a McBa^Brie in the Garden* 

Wl3 mamyofyieQimifut^PbtHs. \M 

TMi iddros hid the dedred ofiteC, Cthid^tjimdMedperoftheHerbarram; 

«k] proper meaiam were ordered to FanjasSt Fetid, Aarfstant Keeper of the 

be tikea ftr the pg eset v t tlon of the Cahinet,«ikl Corresponding Secretary-; 

fluuMdiy and their removal to the Mo- GeoffVey, Sab-detnonstrator of the Ca- 

«n»; which, however, waa deferred binet;Van8paendonek,?aJnter;Thotb> 

tiD eighteen months after. in, Ftrat Gardener. 

A decree of the Legislative Aaaembly The general administration of the 

having about this time sappressed tfale Cabinet belonged to the Assembly, and 

ttirivemtieB, the faculties or medicine^ the care of the cdlections to the seve- 

^, there was reason to tbar that the ral Professors ; the places of keeper 

Kli^s Giffdeti would hftve been in- and assistant keepers of die Cabinet 

vilivd in the same proaeription ; bnt, were therefore suppressed. But, as it 

tt the people were led to believe that was necessary to have some person 

it was desdned ibr the cnhure of me- sharged with the kev of the galleries 

tfchial plants, «nd diat the laboratory the preservation of tne objects, and the 

tf ehenirtry wm a nanufMtory cf reception of visitors^ these were dev<d* 

ultpetre, the eatabliBhment escaped ^ed on M. Lucas, who had passed his 

destmction. At last, on the lOdi of life in the establishment, and enjoyed 

ime, 1793, a decree for the organifl^- the oonfidence of M. Buffbn. M. Andrtf 

ion was obtained, chiefly by the ex« Thonin, being made Professor of Agri* 

iKkms of M. Lakraal, Prendent of eolture, M.J^nTbouin was appoint- 

the Committee of PubUc Instruction* ad First Gardener. Four places of As* 

Hm Allowing we some of die most sistant Naturalist were created, for 

eaential arddes :-^ die arrangement and preparadoni of 

'"I^e establishment ahall hence- objects under the direction of the Pro^ 

tab be called tiie M^teum of NoHt- feasors ; and these appointments were 

fd HiHary, in favour of MM. Desmonlins, Du« 

^ Its oQeot ahaU be the teaching fMne, Valenciennes, and Beleaze, — 

tf Natural History ia all its brandies, the two first ftr Zoology, the others 

** Twrive eourscs of leetvres shall for Minerah^ and Botany ; and three 

ki given in the Museum. 1. A course painters were attached to the estaUish* 

tf Mmendogy. S. A course of Gene- men t — ^M. Marechal, and the brothers, 

ftl Ckeunstry. 3. A course of Che- Henry and Joseph Redout^. At the 

■■try sppliM to the Arts. 4. A course same time the Library was disposed 

•fBslany. 5. A course of Rural Bo- for the reception of the books and 

(my. 0. A course of Agriculture, drawings ; which- last already fiUcd 

f and 8. Two courses of ZM>logy. 9. sixtv-four port-folios. 

A eoone of Human Anatomy. 10. A The animals were removed from the 

•ome of Comparative Anatomy. II. A Menagerie at Versailles in 17P4. The 

•nst ef G ewegy. 12. A course of report of the Committee of Public In* 

/ owwy nyAf .'* struotion approved the regulations of 

Hie tnird secdon provides for the the Professors, and fixed the organi- 

taMtion of a Ubrary, where all the xadon of the Museum in its present 

blob on natural history in the public form, with the exception of sligfht mo- 

■poatofftesyiiid the duplicates of those difications exacted oy the change of 

■ the National Library, ahaU be as- cireumstances. • A law in conformity, 
■nhled; and aba the drawings of of die 11th of December, 1797, ere- 
(hnts and annnala takm from nature ated a third chair of Zoology, to which 

■ die Museum. M. de Lac^p^de was appointed, gave 
By the above decree, twelve diairs the whole administradon of the esta- 
te ertsUisbed, without naming the ^ihment to die Professors, increa* 
M iM MU ; the distribution of dieir aed their saUu7 from 2800 to 5000 
nnctutts behig left to the officers francs ; fixed the expenses of the fol- 
tkonsdvea. These were MM. Dau- lowing year at 19i,000 fVancs ; and 
WatsOyhegser of dieCabinet, and Pro* ordained the purchase of certain addi«» 
taor of BUnendogy in the College of tional kmls for the Garden. 

VitBce; Fowcroy, Professor of Che- ■ Notwithstanding this apparent pro- 

■idry ; Brogniart, Demonstrator ; gress, however, the deligntful region 

IMnitaiBea, Pto fe eso r of Botany ; of which we are now dcetching the 

Be Jaadeu, Demooatrator ; Portal, history, began, in common with every 

^nXmtat of Anatomy ; Bertrud> De- Odier insdtudon, to experience the 

; LaoMink, Botanist of the eflbcts of what the ingenioui Professor 

Fddboig w«mU have otlkd, ** tbe fow Batnuliili. The pir iMu mp po im 

wretched state of the world at that ed to aceompany him were Maag^ and 

juncture.^' The reduced aUte of the Lerflliin, forsnology ; Ledro^ fir bo- 

fioances, the depredation of the ftinds^ tany; and Beidiey, gardener of the 

the cessation of foreign oommerce, ukL Mnseiun>,a Bian of actiTe and inde&« 

the emploYBAent of every mdes c^ re- tigable aeaL 

T«nue and industry for tne prosecu* CaptainBandinweighedanchorfroin 
^on of the'war, '' beila hmrida bella," Havre on the SOth September, 179i. 
were aerions hindnmees to the pvqjeet Ve was wredced off the Canary lalea, 
of improvement. Painf\il contrasta bat was fhmiahed with another vessel 
were visible in all direetioniu Houses by the Spanish government, and shwed 
and lands of great value were annexed his course towards Trinidad. Toat 
to the Garden, and magnificent colleo- island, however, had in the meantime 
tions were acquired; yet fbnds were fidkn into our hands. The^ty,beiag 
wanting to * pay the worinnen, wad thua unable to land, repaired first ta 
your common potato was cultivated St Thomas, and thai to Porte Ricaw 
u beds destined for the rarest and where they remained about a year, and 
most beautiful of esotie flowers. Ere tiien returned to Europe. Thcf en- 
long, however, some of the offidalad- tawd Uie port of Frecamp ip June^ 
ministrators of the Museum were call- 1798. The colleetionsy forwaided by 
ed to situations in the government of the Seine, arrived at the Museum on 
the nation, and used thdr influence in the 19th of July following, 
favour of their fovourite haunts-^'' lo- Never had so great a number of ]xm 
ving the spot which oncb they gloria ving ^ants, and. especially of treeSy 
in. from the West Indies been received St 
At the end of the year lf94> the once; there were one hundred lam 
Amphitheatre of the Garden was fi- tubs, several of which contained stodca 
nished in its present state, and in it from six to ten feet hig^. They had 
was opened, on the SSth c^ January, been so skilfriDy taken care of durote 
1795, the Normal School^ an extraor- the passage, that they arrived in friu 
dinary institution, but founded on an vegetation, and succeeded perfectly in 
unfeasible and visionary plan. It was the hot^hoosea. The two aoolo^atn 
fimded that men already ripe in years, brought back a numerous collection of 
by a few lectures from eminent mas- quacfrupeds, lurds, and insects. That 
tm, might be rendered capable of ex- of birds, made by Maug^, was pant- 
tending instruction, ana difPbaing cularly interesting, from Uieir perfisct 
tbreugh the provinces the elements <« preservation, and from the fiict, that 
adenoe, whicn very few of themadves the greater part were new to the Mu« 
had been prepared by previous educa- seum. 

tioo to understand. Every reasonable In 1798> the Professore presented a 

man fdt the impossibility of realiainff Memoir to the government, eaqtosing 

such a scheme, and the institution feU the wants of the Museum, lliemsg- 

of itself soon afler. It had the good nificent coDections which had 

effect, however, of exciting the public reodved were still in their cases, Habla 

attention and fixing it upon an estap to be destroyed bv insects, «Mi ooiii« 

blishment, become, as it were, the parativdyuselessfor want ofroon to 

^rpe of all institutions Uiat might be display them. There were no 

mrmed for the study of nature. of nouri^ing the animals, becanae tha 

The most important event connect- contractors who were not paid refrised 

ed with the history of the Garden to make ftirther advances. Thelioiia 

which occurred about this period, was became suUty for lack of food ; and 

ihevoyageofCaptainBaudin. Inl790^ even the tigen shewed svmptomaof 

this gentleman informed the officen dtsplessure,andforewenttneir<*wonU 

of the Museum, that, during a looff ed dieerfUlness." The same disteesi 

residence in Trinidad, he had formed existed in 1799, whidi waa the mono 

a rich collection of natural history^ to be regretted fWmi the value of the 

which he was unable to bring away, recent cdlections. Of these the more 

but which he would return in quest important were the following :— In 

of if they would procure him a v^seL June, 1795, arrived the cabinet of the 

The proposition was acceded to by the StadUiolder^ rich in every branch €^ 

government, with the injunction that natural history, and especially of loo- 

Qaptain Baudin should take with him logy. In February^ M* Deafontainea 

laHrj Hktonf qftki Qttrdm ofFbmti. ISS 

gnethelteeamliisMllaetkHiQf ]»• Ttloalile of dioBy in oHkr to pnvide 

leeCi from the eoest of Barbwy. In foodfinr the remainder. Hen Pen her- 

November of die same Year, a ooDeo- self was never in a greater scrape. 

tioB was reoetYed from theLow Coan« The ftce of things, however, speedily 

ttiei; and tiiat of precious stones was diai^ped. The events of November, 

ROMnred from the Mint to theMu* 1799, by displacing and concentrating 

seam. In February, 1797, the Minis- power,estabh8hed a new order of things, 

ter procured the Airioan birds, which whose chief by degrees rendered hiin« 

bad ierred for the drawings of Levail* aelf afasdate, and by his astomshing 

lanc't oel^rated vrork. In 1798, the achievements cast a nauiling Inatre on 

csllfrtion formed by Brooheton in the nation, and suddenly created great 

Gajana, and the mimeroas ol^}eets of resources. The extraordinary man who 

SDiBiated and vegetiMe nature collect^ was plaeed at the head of affldrs fdt 

cd imdcr the tropics by Captain Ban*- that ois nowercould not be secored by 

£n and his indefatiyble associates, victory aione, and that, baling madio 

filed the hot-houaea and the galleries himsdf fbm^ble abroad, it was no- 

sftbeMnsecmu cessary to gain admiration at home by 

The government manifested the fiivonring Uie progress of knowledge^ 

most onoeasing and Urdj concern for by enconraginp; the arts and sdenoea, 

the fstrf>Hsfamcnt, and did everything and by erecting monuments which 

ia its power to promote its interests ; should contribute to(he^ory andproa* 

bat " penury repressed their noble perity of the " great nation." 

nge," and rendered it impossible to But, the proceedings of Buonaparte 

the necessary funds for the in the bird and beetle line being less 

OTSogement of the collections, the re- ^nerally known than his floating at 

pun of the buildings, the payment of Tilsit, or hia sinking at Waterloo, 

the sshries, and the nourishment of their narration will affiird mafgriak 

the annuals. Theaelaat-named gentry for another article, which, however, 

were indeed plnoed under vary trying muat be postponed till next month, 

dremnstaneea ; and, ahortly alter thia We shall then brin^ down the hiatory 

it waaev^i deemed necessary to of this magnificent establidiment to 
anthoriae M. Ddauney, Superintend* the |iresent times, and conclude by • 
•It of the Menagsrie, to kiU the leaat deacription of its existing state. 


I no not care a forthing about any relied with any one. Yon are gmng to 

■Ma, woman, or child, in the world, put me in mind of my duel with Cap^ 

Voa think that I am joking, Jemmy ; tain Maxwell. I acknowledge I fougnt . 

bat yon are mistakra. What 1 you it, and fired three ahota. What then? 

hsk at me again with thoae honest Could I avoid it ? I was no more an- 

syes of yours staring with wonder, gry with him, when I sent the mea« 

Slid naaki]^ a demi-pathetic, deini««n* sage, than I was at the moment of my 

PJ appeal for an excMrtion in your birth. Duelling is an absurd custom 

immr. Wdl, Jemmy, I liocare aixNit of the country, which I must comply 

yoB, my hcnest follow, so uncork the with when oocasbn requirea. The oo« 

sther bottle. casion had turned up, and I fought of 

Did you ever aee me out of humour course^ Never waa I happier than 

ia your life for the tenth part of a ae- when I fdt the blood trickling over 

and?— Never^sohelpine,God! — ^Did my shoulders*— for the wise laws of 

yoa ever hear me 9pt»k ill of another? honour were satisfied, and I was rid 

I midit, perhaps, have cracked a joke of the cursed trouble. I was sick of 

*-inaeed, Ihave cracked a good many the puppjrism of punctilio, and the 

Mck in my time— «t a man's -expense booby l4;islation of the seconds, and 

bdund hia back; but never have I was glad toeacapefiromitbyasoratdi. 

>nd anything which I would not say I made it up with Maxwell, who waa 

to his fooe, or w^t I would not take an honest, though a hot-headed and 

fnok him with treUe hardness of re- obstinate man — and you know I was 

nil, if it ao pleaaed him to return it ; executor to his vdll. Indeed, he dined 

bat real bond fide evil^speaking was with me the very day-week after the 

oerar uttered by me. I never quar- duel. Yet, spite of this equanimity, 



I repeat it^ tet I do not ove fbr iay 
human being on eaith, (the present 
company always excepted,^ more than 
I care for one of thoee filoertB which 
you are cracking with such hiudaUe 

Yea— it is true— I hare borne my- 
self towards my family uneKoeption- 
ably» as the world has it. I married 
«ff myaisters^ sent my brotbers to the 
ooUegesy and did what was fair for my 
mother. But I shall not be hypocrite 
enough to pretend to high motires for 
so doing. My Other's dnth left them 
entire^r to me/ and what could I do 
with tnem } Turn them out ? That 
would be absurd, and just as absurd 
to retain, them at home without treat- 
in]^ them properly. They were my fa- 
mily. My own comforts would have 
•been materially iny&ded by any other 
line of conduct. I therefore executed 
the filial and fraternal affections in a 
manner which will be a fine topic of 
panegyric for my obituary. God help 
the idiots who write such things! Th^ 
to talk of motives, and fiedinffs, and 
the impulses that swair the human 
hesrt 1 They, whose higneat ambition 
it b to furnish proven&r, at so much 
a line, for mu[;axine or newspaper. Yet 
from them shall I receive tne tribute 
of a tear. The world shall be informed 
in due time, and I care not how soon, 
that ''Died at his house, &c &c 
a gentleman, exemplary in every relar 
tion of life, whether we consider him 
aa a son, a brother, a friend, or a dti- 
len. His heart," and so on to the end 
of the fiddle faddle. The winding up 
of my fiunily affiiirs, you know, is, that 
I have got rid of them all ; that I pay the 
good people a visit once a-month, and 
ask toem to a humdrum dinner on 
my birth-day, which you are perhaps 
aware occurs but once a*year. 1 am 
alone. I feel that I am alone. 

My politics — ^what then? I am, 
extematly at lesat, a Tory, d iovU 
otttrance, becauae my ftither and my 
grand&tho' (and I csnnot trace my 
genealogy any higher) were so before 
me. Bwles, I tUnk every gentleman 
should be a Tory; there is an easi- 
ness, a suavity of mind, engendered 
by Toryism, which it is vain for yon 
to expect from fretfrtl Whisgery, or 
bawling Radicslism, and aach should 
be a stronff distinctive feature in every 
gentlemair s character. And I admit, 
thaty in my youth, I did many <|ueer 
things, and said many violent and 


ical tbatters. But that ftrvonr 
is gone. I am still onlRde the ssne ; 
but inside how different 1 1 kugh tn 
soom the nonsense I hesr vented sbovt 
me in the clubs which I frequent. 
The seal about nothings, the bustle 
«bout stuff, the feara and the pieoan^ 
tions agatnat fancied dangers, the in* 
dignaticm against writings whidi no 
decent man thinks of reading, or 
againat speeches which are but the 
essence of stupidity; in short, the 
whole tempest in a tea-pot appears to 
me to be meffiibly ludicrous. I join 
now and then, nay very often, in 
these discussions ; why sbiould not I? 
Am I not possessed of the undoubted 
liberties of a firiton, invested with the 
full privilege of talking lumsetae? 
And, if any of my asKidates laugh in- 
aide at me, why, I thmk them quite 
tight. < 

But I have dirtied my finffers with 
ink, you say, and daubed ouer pao^ 
pie's fSwes wiUi them. I admit it. 
My pen has been guilty of variooa 
political jenx d'esprit, but let mc 
whisper it. Jemmy, on itoth aides; 
Don t start, it is not wordi while. 
My Tory qnisaes I am suspected of; 
suspected I say, for I am not such « 
goose as to let them be any mote than 
mere matters of suspicion; but of 

auizzes against Tories I am no more 
bought guilty than I am of petty 
larceny. Yet such is the case. I write 
with no ill feeling; public men or 
people who thrust themselvea befirae 
the public in any way, I juat look on as 
phantomaof the iraaginaticMi, aa thiii^ 
to throw off common-places about. 
You know how I assassinated Jack 
****, in the song which you tnnscri* 
bed for me ; how it apr«ad in thoa- 
aands, to his great annoyance. Well* 
on Wednesday last, he and I supped 
tete<«-tete, and a jocular fellow he is. 
It was an accidental reneouoter-^he 
waa sulky at first, but I laughed and 
sung him into good humour. When 
the seoond bottle had loosened 

tongue, he looked at me most mn^a- 
thetically, and said. May I ask jou, 

a question ? — A thousand, I tefAteA, 
provided you do not expect me to an- 
awer them^-^Ah, he oied, it waa a 
ahame for you to abuse me tlie way 
foa did, and all for nothing; but, hang 
It, let l^gooea be bygone^^You are 
too pleaaant a fellow to quarrel withs 
I told him he appeared to be under 
a mistake— He sfamric his head— -cmp* 




tkd fail boUfey tod we nitBfggBred 
iMDe in greftt tcmoord. In point of 
htt, am o€ ttnae think not of radi 
thiiigi,aDd mbigle finedyin sodetj 
M if tfacy never ooemTed. Why then 
Aonkl I be eoppoeed to have any 
ftdiag whatever, whether of anger m 
plettore about them ? 

Uy friends? Where are they ? Ay, 
ieoHDy, I do understand what that 
jnmmre of niy hand meant. Bot 
where is the other ? Nowhere 1 Ac- 
^Quntaooes I have in hundreds— 
boon companions in dosens— fdlows 
40 whom I make myself as. agreeable 
ai I ean, and whose society gives me 

esiire. There's Jack Meggot«^the 
joker in the world— Will Thomson 
—en unexceptionable ten-bottle-man 
—John Mortimer^ a singer 6f most 
Benowned social qualities— tiiere's— 
bat what need I enlarge the catalogue? 
Yon know the men I mean. I live 
with them, ami that right gaily, but 
woaU one of them crack a joke the 
hm, drink a glass the less, nng a song 
the k«, if I died before morning ? 
Not one— nor do I blame them, for, 
if they were ingulfed in Titftarus, I 
Aonld just go through my usnid dai- 
ly round — ^keep movmg in the same 
■ODotooons tread-mill of lifb, with 
other companions to help me through, 
li stesdily aa I do now. The friends 
of my boyhood are gone— ay — all — 
tH gone ! — ^I have lost the old fami- 
hv fines, and shall not try for others 
to repboe them. I am now happy 
vith a mail^eoach eompanion, whom 
I never taw befivre, and never vrill see 
apdn. My cronies eome like dia^ 
4m, so depot. Do you remember 
the itory of Abon Hassen, in some of 
the Oriental tales? He wss squan-« 
Mag a fine property on some hoi* 
l«v friends, when he was advised to 
tiy their fnendshqv by pretending 
Forerty, and asking their asiistance. 
It wsi reiuaed, and he determined 
Mver to see them more — ^never to make 
t friend— nay, not even an acquaint-* 
nee; but to sit, aeeording to the eus« 
{Mn of the East, by the way-side, and 
iivite to his bond the three first 
Pfsen-by, with whom he Upent the 
|Mght in frattve debauchery, maldnjg 
it t role never to ask the same per.f 
Mas a oeeood'time. My life is almost 
the isnie— true it is that I know the 
exterior eon^brmation, and the pecu« 
htf hsbita of those with whom I as- 
■oostevbat omr hearts are ignorant 

of one another. l%ey vibrate not to* 
gether ; they are ready to enter into 
^e same communication, with any 
passer-by. Nay, perhaps, Hassan s 
^an was more sodaL He was relie- 
ved from inquiries ss to the charac- 
ter of his table-mates. Be they frdr, 
be they foul, they vrere nothmg to 
him. I am tormented out of my li^ 
by such punctilios as I daily must 
submit to. I wonder you keep com- 
pany says a friend— /n>iuf/ well, no 
-matter — with R. He is a scoundrel- 
he is suspected of having dieated fif* 
teen years ago at play, be drinka ale, 
he fought shy in a auel businesB, he 
is a Wnig — a Radical, a Muggleto- 
nian, a jumper, a moderate man, a 
Jacobin ; he asked twice for soup, he 
vrrote a libel, hb father was a low at* 
tomey, nobody knows him in good 
society, &c. &c. &c. Why, what is it 
to me ? I care not whether he broke 
every commandment in the decak)gue, 
provided he be a pleasant fellow, and 
that I am not mixed up with his of- 
fences. But the world will so mix 
me up in spite of myself. Bums used 
to say, the best company he was ever 
in was the company of professed 
blackguards. Perhaps he was right. 
I dare not try. 

My early companions I did care 
fyr, and where are they ? Poor Tom 
Benson, he was my class-fellow at 
school ; we occupied the same rooma 
in cdlege, we shared our studies, our 
amusements, our flirtations, our follies, 
our dissipations t<%ether. A more h<H 
nourable or upright creature never ex- 
isted. Well, sir, ne had an uncle, lieu« 
tenant-colonel of a cavalry regiment, 
and at his request Tom bought a 
oometcy in the corps. I remember the 
IP'and-looking fbllow strutting about 
m the fuH splendour of his yet imspot^ 
ted regimentals, the cynosure of th« 
bright eyes of the country town in 
which he resided. He came to Lon« 
don, and then joined his regiment All 
was well for a while ; but he had al- 
ways sn unfortunate itch for {day. In 
our little ctrde it did him no great 
harm ; but his new companions phyed 
high, and far too skilfully for Tom-^ 
perhaps there was roguery, or perhana 
there was not — I never inquired. At 
sU events, he lost all his ready-money. 
He then drew liberaUy on his family ; 
he lost that too ; in snor^ poor Tom 
at last staked his commission, and lost 
itwiththerest This, of course, could 

not be oonoealed from the unde^ wbo I gneved it was himadf. When the 

gftre him a severe lecture, but procn^ time otme, which he had pat off to a 

red hhn a commission in an in&ntry moment of ahnost oemplete darkness, 

regiment destined for Spain. He was I opened the door to his fearfdl rap. 

to join it withoatdelay ; hut the infill It was he — I knew him at a glan'ce, 
toated fdkw agsin risked himself, and as the lamp flashed over his face— and. 

lost the infantry commission also* He imeertain as was the light, it 
now was ashamed or afraid to face his bright enough to let me see that he 
unde, and enlisted (f or he wss a splen- was squalid, and in rags; that a fear- 
did looking young man, iHio was in- fbl snd ferocioas suraicion, which 
Btantly accepted,) as a private soldier apoke volumes, as to toe life he had 
in the twentv-sixth foot. I suppose latdy led, harked in his side-looking 
ihat he found his habits vrere too re- eyes ; those eyes that a year befbre 
fined and too firmly fixed to aUow him spoke nothing but joy and courage, 
to be satisfied with the scanty pay, and that a premature gravness had oe- 
and coarse food, «nd low comiiany, of vered with nse-bald patcnes the onoe 
an infimtry sddier. It is certain, that gloasy blade lodes whidi strsggled over 
he deserted in a fbrtnight after enlist- bis unwashed fsce, or through his tat- 
ment. The measure of poor Toil's de- teredhat 

mdation was not yet filled up. He Ihad that he asked,— perfaqia more 

Sad not a fitrthing when ^ left the —in a paper in my hand. I put it 

twenty-dzth. He went to his unde's into his. I had barely time to m 

at an hour when he knew that he '^ O Tom T wheif he caught my hand, 

would not be at home, and was with kissed it with burning lips, exclaimed 

difficulty admitted by the servant, who '' Don't spnk to me — lamawretdi T 

recognized him^ He persuaded him at and, bunting fhm the grasp wiUi 

last tnat he meant to throw himself on which I wished to detain him, fled 
the merey pf his uncle, and the man, with the speed of an arrow down the 

who loved him, — everybadv of all de- street, and vanished into a lane. Pur- 
grees who knew him loved nim,— con- suit was hopeless. Many years dap- 
aented to his admisdon. I am almost sed, and I heard not of him— no one 
adiamed to go on. He broke open hia hesrd of him. But about two yeara 
nnde^B escritoire, and took nrom it ago I was at a coifee-houae in the 
whatever money it contained — a bun- Strand, when an officer of what they 
dredpoundsor thereabouts— and dunk called the Patriots of South America, 
out of ^ house. Heavens I what were ataggered into the room. He was very 
my fedings when I heard thia— when drunk. His tswdry and tamidied 
I saw him proclaimed in the newapa- umfbrm proddmed the service to 
per8ssadeserter,aiifiathief ! Adiiefl whidi he belonged, and all doubt on 
—Tom Benson a thief ! I could not the aubject waa removed by his con- 
credit ^ intelligence of my eves or versation. It waa nothing but a ti»- 
my ears. He wlwm I knew only Ave auei of curses on Bolivar and hia ae- 
months befbre — ^for so brief had Ins sedates, who, he asserted, had aedneed 
csreer been — would have turned with him from his country, ruined his proe- 
soom and diwust from any action de- pecA, robbed him, cheated him, and 
viatingahair^breadth from the high- wsulted 4iim. How true these re- 
cst honour. How he ment the next proadies might have iieen I knew not» 
six months of his life, I know not ; but nor do I care, but a thought stvddt me 
about the «id of that period a letter that Tom might have bwn of this ar- 
vras left at my door by a messenger, my, and I inquired, as, indeed, I did 
who immediately disappeared. It waa of everybody coming from a fbreign 
fVom him. It was couched in terms of country, if lie knew anything of a nan 
the most abject sdf-condemnation, and of the name of Benson. ''Doyou?"**— 
the Intterest remorse. He declared he aUimmered out the drunken patrkit— 
waa a ruined man in diaracter, in for- *' I do," was my reply* — ^' Do yon care 
tune, in happiness, in everything, and idwut him ?" i^^ain asked the oflter. 
coloured me, for the sake of former <* t did— I do," agun I retorted. 
fHenddiip,tolethim have five {;uineas, <' Why then," sdd he '* take a ahert 
whkh he sud would take bun to a adck in your hand, and step acjtoeB to 
place of ssfety. From the descriotion Valparaiio, there yon will find 1dm two 
of the messenger, who, Tom tola me £eet under ground, snugly wiapt up 
in hia note, would return in an hour, in a blanket. I was hia aexton n^reell^ 


and iuA ii0i thne.lD^ dig him » deeper 
grmve, snd no imj of gettiitf attouter 
ooffio. It wifl just do all as weU. 
Boer feUoiTy it ^was all the dptbes he 
had lor nianj a day before." I was 
diocked at the recital, but Holmes was 
too much intoxicated to pdrsoe the 
anlaect any further. I called on him 
in toe momingy and learned that Ben- 
son had joined as a private soldier in 
this desperate service, und^ the name 
eiMaixxlj — that he speedily rose to a 
Cflmmand — ^was diatingnished for do- 
ing dospoute actions, in which be 
ssemed quite reckless of life-^had, 
however, been treated with consider* 
ahk ipgiatatnde — never was paid a 
dollar— -nad lost his baggage — ^was 
eompdled to part with almost all his 
wearing ^yparel for subsistence, and 
had just made his way to the sea-side, 
purposiDg to escape to Jamaica, when 
ne sunk, overcome by hunger and fa- 
tk;ne. He kqpt.the secret of his name 
till the last moment, when he confided 
it, and a part of his unhappy history, 
to Holmea. Such was the end of Ben- 
son, a man bom to high expectations, 
sf coltiTated mind, consideraole genius, 
generoua heart, and honourable pur- 



Jade Dallas I became acquainted 
with ai Brazen Nose. There was a 
tiaae that I thought I would have died 
ftr him— and, I believe, that his feel- 
ags towaida me were equaUy warm. 
Ten years sgo we were the Damon and 
Pytlnaa— the Pylades and Orestes of 
snr day. Yet I lost. him by a iest^ 
He was wooing most desperately a 
very pnetty girl, equal to him in ruik> 
hot xatbcc meagre in the purse. He 
kept it, however,, a profound secret 
hma hb fiiends. Bv scddJent I fcmnd 
it out, and when I next saw him, I 
b^gan to quiz him* He was surprised 
at the diaoovery, and very sore at the 
qittssii^. He answered so testily, thaC 
IprocMded to annoy him. He became 
mme and more ionx, I more and more 
vcxationa in my jokes. It was quite 
wnog on my part ; but God knows* 
I meant nomng by it. I did not know 
that he had just parted with his father, 
who had reused all consent to the 
match, adding iigurious insinuationa, 
shoot the mercenary motives of the 
]foong lady. Dallas had been defend- 
ing her, but in vain ; and then, while 
in thtt mood, did I choose him as the 
butt of my siUv witticisms. At last 
something I saia — some mere piece of 
nonsense — netUed him so miuii, that 

Vol, XIV. 

he made a blow at me. I arrested his 
arm, and qied, *' Jack, you would 
have been very sorry had you put 
your intentions into effect" He co- 
loured as if ashamed of his violoice, 
but remained sullen aild silent for a 
moment, and then left the room. We 
never have spoke since. He shortly 
after went abroad, and we were thus 
kept from meeting and explaimng. 
On his return, we joined different co- 
terks, and were of different rades in 
politics. In fitct, I did not see him 
for nearly seven years until last Mon- 
day, when he pawed me, with his wife 
—a different person from his early 
passion, the girl on account of whom 
we quarrelled — leaning on his arm. I 
locked at him, but he bent down his 
eyes, pretending to speak to Mrs Dal- 
las. So be it. 

Then there was my brother*— my 
own poor brother, one year younger 
than myself. The verdict--commonly 
a matter of course — ^must have been 
true in his case. What an inward re- 
vdution that must have been, which 
could have bent that gay and free spirit, 
that joyous and buoyant soul, to tnink 
of self-destmetion. But I cannot speak 
of poor Arthur. These were my chief 
friends, and I lost the last of them 
about ten years ago; and since that 
time I know no one, the present copa- 
pany excepted, for whom I care a far- 
thing. Perhaps, if they had lived with 
me as long as my other companions, I 
would have been as careless alxmt 
them, as I am about Will Thomson, 
Jack Megget, or my yoimger brotliers. 
I am often inclined to think, that my 
feelings towards them are but warmed 
by the remembered fervour of boyhood, 
and made romantic bv distance of time. 
I am pretty sure, inaeed, that it is so. 
And, if we could call up Benson inno- 
cent from the mould of South America 
-—Could restore poor, dear Arthur-*-* 
make Dallas fbi|^t hi? folly — and let 
^em live together again in my society,. 
I diould be speedily indifferent about 
them too. My mind is as if slumber- 
ing, quite wrapped up in itself, and 
never wakea but to act a part. I rise 
in the morning, to eat, drink, talk — 
to say what I do not think, to advo-. 
cate questions which I care not fb]>— . 
to join companions whom I value not, 
to indulge in saisual pleasures which I. 
despise — to waste my hours in trifling 
amusements, or more trifling business, 
and to retire to my bed perfectly in- 
different as to whether I am ever agaia 



tonelltttiBniiigofAciiiii. Yet^ii 
H17 ontside mr, and mj ooafwindoii 
wfpif^^. Wi^iia I geoenlly Hag* 
aale^ but 100161111160 then coin6t a 
twn^filMirt indeed, but bitter. Theft 
it is that I anfy toallappeeraooey moit 
Tolatik, moat ee^BT in diaiiyatioa; bat 
could yoa lift the eavenng wbtth 
atuoods the eeovets of my boeMDy you 
wouldflee that, like the iamatesof ^ 
hall of EbliSy my Tery heart was fixe. 
Har— ha— hal — say it again, Jemmr 
—Hay it aniu, man--^ not be afraid. 
Ha— ha-^ I — too good — toe good, 
Ufoa hoBonr. I was croeaed in krve ! / 
in love. You make me laugh— excaee 
my rmdep ca i ha h a — ha I No, no, 
tiuak God, though I oommitted foU 
lieeof Yariotts kmds, I eacaped thai 
foolery. I aee my proaing baa infeetad 
you,^ baa made you dull. Quick, un« 
wire the diampagne—letusdrivespirita 
into uaby ita aeaeroua tide. We are 
CBowiag muddy oyer the claret. / in 
mife I Jlaaiah ail gloomy theughta, 
** A lidbtt heart and a thin pair of breeohfa 
Goes iboraugfa Ihe wodd, my bsAW boya.** 

What aay you to that? We should 
diiovn all care in the bowl— fie on the 
plebeian word,— we ahould dispel it 
1^ the qiarkling bubblea of wipe, fit 
la be diunk by the gads ; that ia your 
only tnie philoao^y. 

^ Let us drink and be merry, 

Dance, laugb, and rejoice, 
With daret and sherry, 

Tlieovbo and Toiee. 

^ This ohasgoable world 

To our joys is unjust ; 
AB pleasured uncertain. 

So down with your dust 

*' In pkasuie diapoae 

Vour pounds, shillingi, and peace. 
For we all shall be nothing 

A hundred yean hence.^* 

What, not another bottle?— Only 
one mane !— Do not be ao obatinate. 
Wen, if yaa muat, why, all I ean aay 
i^ good night. 

• ••••# 

He ia gone. A kind animal, bat a 
Iwl, exactly what ia calkd tin beat 
CKature in the world. I haTe that a£» 
ftetion for him that I havie for Towkr, 
wad I belieye his feelings towards me 
ave Uke Towler's, an animal love of 
006 whom he looks up to. An eating, 
drinking, gaod-humomred, good-na- 
tured varlet, who kugbs at mr jokaa, 
when I tell him they are to be laughed 
at, aeea thingaezaetly in the ligfatthat 
I aae them in, backs me in my aaaer- 

tioBs, and beta on me at wUst I had 
rather thaK ten thonaand ponnda be 
in ain^neaa of aoul, in thongbtkaa* 
neaacabnin, in faeneaty of intentian, 
in aolid oonteiited ignorance, anch aa 
Jemmy Maigaave. That I oannat be. 

Booby aa he is, he did hit a ataiag 
which I thoa^t had hmt its iribi«li«Bi 
—had become indurated like dl mm 
odier falinga. Pidi! It ia weM timt I 
am alone. Smady diedwet has. 
me maudlin, and the wine ia 
out at my eyes. Piah ) — What non^ 
aenae* Ay, Margaziet, it ia eaactiy tern 
yeara ago. I was then twenty, and m 
fboL No, not a fcol for loving yon. Bv 
Heaveis, I have lost my wits to taw 
this stuff! the svioe haadone ttaaffio^ 
Mid I am maundering. Why did i 
love you ? It waa all my ewn paveM e 
atupidity. I wafi» am, and ever will 
be, a blodchcad, an idiot of tiie fimft 
water. And auoi a match far her le 
be driven into. She oertainly ahould 
have let me kmm mom of her inten* 
tioQS than At did. Indeed 1^— Why 
Aould ahe? Waa ahe to oifer after 
my whims, to aacrifioe her happines 
to my capricea, to my devotiona ef tow 
day, and my sulkinesses, or, still wom^ 
my levitiaa of to-monow? No^ no, 
Maigaret: never — never— never, even 
in thought, let me aecnae you, medal 
of Acntleneaa. of kindiif88.of floodnesa. 
aa well aa of bcai^. I am to Uanae 
myad^ and myaen aloea. 

I ean aee her now, «an talk to faer 
without pasaion, can put up with htt 
husband, and fiaidk ner duldaen. I 
haie xcfprnaaed that emotion, awl, ia 
doing ao^ aU others. With tliat dirob 
lost, went all the zcat. I am now % 
mere card in the pack, ahufBed about 
eternally with the set, but paadioe and 
aenaeleaa. Icareaoaorefiirmfiieig)^ 
hour, than the King of Diamonda eaaaa 
finrhimofChiba. Dear, dear Mai^Si* 
tot, there is a lock of jfeur hair oiu 
doaed unknown to you in a little eaaa 
wliioh liea ^over my heart I aaUom 
dam to look at it. Let ma kirn ita ««>• 
bum f oldB once mone, and fcmembev 
the evening I took it. But I am ffww* 
ing more and mora abannL I drink 
your health then, and retire. 

Bere*s a health to thee, Maigare^ 

Uere*s a health to thee ; 

The drinkers are gone, 

And I am akxie. 

Bo. heta^s a healdi to thae. 

Dear, dear Maigaret. 

199L2 Oil ike Pkdeim School QfFoiUicM. ISf 


No. !• 

DsAE Mm Noftf If, as the instrnmeMts l^ whkh he would 
* 9oM I kte events which haive demon* carry it through, 
minted die jobbery of the Whigs, and - There area dosen or two members of 
tefaflyof some of ^ Tories^ appear die cfairabows order of W.S.^whohsM 
e» me worthy of being recorded, fbr aoertain superiority orertheirbrethren.' 
Ike etfiiestion of the present, and ex- Yon will And that, Hke the names of 
snplo of aH fotnre generations. I am, knights in the Red Book, these hetoev 
nmelf, sir, an S^te of the Plnekless ate distingmiAied Iff a cross in our 
Miool, bnt my own placklessness is Scynbmrgh Almanack. To some of 
not tho result of the same niotiyes these Grand Crosses of the QoiU th^ 
widcb ittli Be n ce the rest of my bre» old ^tWman addressed hhnself. Do 
Arm. In the ftrst place, lam ayoong not imagine that he appeared in thd 
md nearly IMess adroorte, and I am horrors of horns, hoof, and tail ; he 
incline d to think, that if I ventured came in all gentle guise, and, carry- 
openly to avow the principles of retil ing a powder puff in his haocUi, blew 
Toryinn whl^ I fed in my heart, the a cloud of vanity into their eyes, sofu 
fcw aeon-Tory writers who occasion- ly insinuating that it would be a fine 
iliy send me a sequestration fte of two ming for them to have the exclmdye 
nineas nt the b^;;inmiig of a session, patronage of a cheir in our Uniyersirr, 
nr which they expect me to make all and distantly hinting, thatif they could 
Ibe m<» t iai is m all the cases they may mount one sort of chatr, the time might 
hsppem to hsrve in Court till the end oome when some of them, the said K. 
ef it, wMdd instantly desert me, and G. C^'s, might aspire to another. If 
c nuimage oome seenuMly moderate their body were qualifled to teach law, 
wA smooCh-speaking Whig. But, se- who should say they were not fit to 
ssn^, I happen to iurve a small spark administer H likewise ? In short, theso 
of modcoty in my composition, and gentlemen determine, at the instiga- 
when I find my seniors at the bar, don of the devil, in the shape of vani- 
aad the avowed leaders of the Tories ty, to endeavour to get a lectureship 
in Scotland, succumbing to the Whig of conveyancing, which they bad some 
serftes, I am not bold enough to stand years ago set agoing as a sort of pen- 
fiMwsrd sit the head of a sort of fbrloni sionary situation for any member of 
hope, who might give me die slip in their Society who might have parted 
die very moment of the onset. ftom his pracHce, erect^ into a Profes- 

To yon, however, my dear sir, I will sorship in the University, 

ke cancHd and open ; to yon iSvill dis- The bargain was ea^v struck ; the 

dose those sentiments which I dare good old gentlemen thougnt they would 

■ot broach at a meeting of the Facol- steal a march on the Whigs by gain- 

ty, or even venture to suggest over a ing their most sweet voices in favour 

bstde of daKt, af the table of any of of the measure, inasmuch as the pre- 

my employers. To you I wiH open up sent incumbent on the chair which 

a fitde specimen of Whig Jobbery, and they proposed to transport to the Col- 

win shew you bow It has been incu- lege, nappened to be a member of that 

bafted and fbstered by some old To" delcided faction ; while all the time 

litt, tfll the e^ burst, and was fbund little did they suppose that in fact they 

Is be addled. You must know, dien, were the dupes of the very party they 

Ute Satan, the leader of the Whigs, meant to take in, and that the whole 

(tiKy cannot fix on a leader fknr them- afikir originated in a party manceuvre 

sdves, so I take the liberty of naming to get another Whig professor forced 

die father oTopposilion fbr then,) Sa- into the Unii^ersity. 

tn, I say, regreltnig the trimming that This, as you know better than I do,^ 

some of his party had received at your is a part of the present grand scheme 

hands, my dear Christopher, determi- of die Whigs, to obtain the command 

oed to lend them a hf»ping hand in and control of all public seminaries, 

the WMV of a jdb> and in order to fw- and to excrdse their tyranny over all 

ward toe plot, he fixed on a few Tories privateones. Th^ are, aadnafo long 

110 * On M# PkiMtii Sdnool afPoUiics. ^o. /. C^^- 

been^ indefatigable in their exertionB the proceeding, vii. their apoHeatioii 

fi>r this purpose. WitneBs the jobbery infOTrntotheTownCoondl, tnatthej 

about the Lord-)%ector8hipt at Glaa- express themselves plainly, propooag 

Sow and Aberdeen, and JeflVey's ^and that Mt Macyey Napier, Uie preeent 
umbog speech at the former Univer- lecturer, shall lie the first jmifessor. 
sity; witness the late afl&ir of the My principal object in addressiDg 
Edinburgh Aademy, whidi every bo- you, is to submit the reasons which I 
dy sees is just a plan to make the To- did not dare, fhnn the fear of starta- 
Hea do the Whigs' work. The Sena- tion, to utter in the Faculty, biit whkh 
tiis Academicns of Edinburgh, by the induced me to vote with the majority 
constant and unremitting exertions of against Mr Cranstonn's motion ; and 
this indefatigable party, is now nearly this I do, because my reasons differ ea- 
equally divi£d, and the importance of sentially from those given by the per* 
thrusting in one oppositionist can only sons who spoke on the question. Be- 
be thoroughly known to those who an- fore proceeding, however, I think it 
tidpate the efiects of this ^reat scheme, right to mention, that the Lord Ple- 
which, next to ministerial power, is sident informed these ambitioaB gen- 
the main object of the Whigs. tlemen, that he did not conceive the 
I need not tell vou that, with their matter was one in which the Court 
usual cunning, tne MHiigs kept this was called upon to give an opinion. 
out of view, and gave the glory of the When the proposal was first laid be- 
proposal entirely to their cat's paws, finre the Faculty, they were of opinion 
the Tory eoramissioners. that a report of the committee appoint- 
Accordingly, a proposal was drawn ed to consider a former proposal of the 

up, and submitted to the Court of Sefr* same sort, made in 1790, should be 

sion and the Faculty of Advocates. It is printed. This report contained many 

important toobserve what this proposal solid objections against the erection oif 

was. It was not a request that these such a ^nofessorship at alL It waa held 

bodies should give the sanction of their that there was no occasion for a divi- 

approbation generally to the utility of a sion of the subjects of law and omvej- 

course of lectures on conveyancing, or ancing ; that the lectures on the ftu« 

to the advantage to be ^ined by such dal law, the moat important branch of 

course being delivered m the Uuiver- the course of municipal law already 

sity. No doubt the application was so atablished in the University, muat 

worded as to lead at first sight to a be- necessarily embrace the leailing doe- 

Uef that this was all that was asked ; trinea of conveyancing ; while lec- 

and due pains were taken both in the tures on conveyancing would sink into 

outset, and iu the after proceedings in a mere dead letter, unless a cora|dete 

the Faculty, id keep out of view the course of feudal law were delivered by 

real nature of. the demand. It peeps the lecturer — so that the one chair 

out, however, even in the very first must necessarily interfere with the 

appL'cation to the Court and Faculty, other. This is a proposition vriuch it 

and it is truly this : That their chair is impossible to deny ; and when it ia 

of con veyancing as at present existing, stated, that it was maintained by Dean 

together with the gentlemui who at of Faculty Henry firskine,* Mr Ad* 

present sits in it, should forthwith be am Holland, Mr John Pringle, Mr A. 

transferred to the University. With- Balfour, Mr Solicitor-General (Blair), 

out this stipulation the Whigs would Mr G. Fergusson (Lord Hermand,) 

never have been satisfied^ weu know- Mr C Boswell (Lord Balmuto,) Mr 

ing that if the proposal had been mere- A. F. Tytler (Lord Woodhousdee,) 

ly prospective, the object of a Whig Mr W. (now Lord^ Robertson, and 

vote in the University would have been Mr D. (now Baron) Huro^ I ^uld 

at best but problematicaL According^ humbly suppose it was entitled lo 

ly the committee state, that they have some respect, espedaUy as it was un- 

again resolved to solicit the boon of a animously adopted by the Faculty. 

University chair for their lectureship. At length, on a reconsideration of thia 

But it is not until the very last step of report, which is a most able one, toge- 

• It is curious that Mr Erskine^ft name is kept out of view, and only his title. Dean 
of Faculty, given tn the printed papers.-. While Mr Blair's name is giveo, as wdl as 
hb title. There is a reaaon for tbi». 

Om4kiPbiMKitSelk)UofPUiiics. No. I. 

tfacr vitii an answer by the Knigfats 
Co i wiirin pers, the Faeoltf met- to 
czpreK their ofsinion on this matter. 
The real proportion before them wai 
this. That the Society of Writers to 
the Signet should have the exdustre 
paftonage of a profeuaorBhip of law in 
die Univernty ; that the processor 
dMold be eligiUe only from the body 
of Writna to the Signet; and that 
the present lecturer should be the first 
professor. Thisy I say, was the real 
proposal. Mr Cranstoun was the per- 
son sdecSed to suppwt it; and surely 
no one could have come forward for 
the porpose with so |;ood a chance of 
rarccM. The high estimation in whidi 
he is so justly held by all his brethren, 
enated a prepossession in his &vour. 
His mild^ and yet manly eloquencoy 
had ha due effi^, and, I doubt not, 
blinded rosny of hishesrers to the real 
tkjeet in view, and increased the num- 
bos of the minority. But his motion 
was of a very diihent nature from the 
isal proposal of the Writers. He mo- 
ved, that a set of lectures on oonvey- 
sndng is a very good and useful thing, 
sod that it niight be still more bene- 
ficial if a diair in the University were 
obtained for the lecturer. This, you 
see, ia quite safe and general. Many 
a one nught agree in these proposi- 
lisBs, who wo^ deny (he propriety 
of giving the Writers the exclusive 
dection and eligibility, and who might 
have still stronger objections to the ap« 
potntment of any man already elected. 
But I vriah to give you an idot of 
some of the ressons urged by Mr Cran« 
staon In defence of bis motion. I do 
not pretend to give you his words, 
whidi were certainly, to my mind, 
much more e£Fective than his argu- 
■enta. In the first place, he made some 
most naneoeesary observations on the 
importance of conveyancing asabranch 
of taw, and upon the advantages to be 
derived from methodical study of it. 
Kobody disputes that it is a useM 
bunch of l^al knowledge. But the 
^•cstkm is, vmstherit cannot be tau^t 

S^be pro&SBoar of law already appoint- 
? Mr Cranstoun went on to tell us, 
that no lawyer of ten years standing was 
fit to nnderstsnd a progress of titles. 
That he himself, when a prog^-ess was 
sent to him for an opinion, used to 
feel a cold sweat break out upon him ; 
but then he informed us, that the se- 
oct of unravelling such a progress is all *. 
s knack. He compared it to an alge- 

laMcal Ibrmnla, which, when knoiwn, 
enables the calculator to answer pro- 
blems bevond the reach of the ordi- 
nary aritnmetician ; (but he did not 
say why this trick, which, when known , 
makes the matter so plain, could not 
be tauffht by the lecturer on Scots law 
as well as by a separate profesaor). 
Than he gave ua a fine tirade upon 
the baseness and degradation of allow- 
ing politics to interasre with the mat- 
ter, and concluded with moving the 
two propositions already quoted, in the 
following worda : — 

*« 1. That the Imtitution of a Goarae of 
Lectims od ConveyaDdng, is calculated to 
improve the system of L^al Education in 
this ooontry, and thereby to produce re- 
sults beneficial to the community. 

** %, That the benefits of such a Courec 
would be more extensive, if a Chair in the 
University were obtained for the Lecturer.** 

Then we had an assertion from the 
professor of Scots law, that he would 
not lose a shilHng by the zSah, Whe- 
ther he meant by this, that he was not 
afraid of interference of the courses, or 
Uiat he was undaunted by the talents 
of Uie intended lecturer, I know not. 
Perhaps he wishes to be relieved of the 
trouble of delivering the feudal lec- 
tures, or perhaps he thinks that many 
students, upon measuring the talents 
of the two professors, will not be drawn 
from his dass by the delivery of an- 
other set of lectures on the same sub- 

The Tories who spoke, stuck fast 
to the reasons given in the old report, 
with one exception. One gentleman 
declared, that he never would consent 
to yield the right of the Faculty to 
the patronage of all professorships of 
law, which were or might be esta- 
bli^ied. Here I agree with him. The 
Faculty were the original and only 
authorized teachers H law. Every 
one acquainted with the early history 
of our courts, knows that these Wri- 
ters to the Signet were not originally 
even practitioners in our courts, ex- 
cept in so far as their signature was 
required to those judicial steps which 
necessarily psss the King's Signet. The 
original agents were the servants (aa 
they were termed) of Advocates; young 
men destined for the bar, whose le^ 
education consisted in attendance in 
the chambers of some counsel, and 
who derived their right of agenting 
causes, as it is now termed, from the 
necessity of waiting upon their in** 

vm OktkiPbMMMSdmi^Pomki. lb./. IAm§^ 

flIraotoiB in Um oonrto— a priffla^i nay be^ n* txmmpkni aiipawte dinr 

Blill retahied by their lepieflciititiTe^ for that extnniely foliocdiiMUe bnoMh 

the Advocates' first clerks. This admi- oflcgil knowledge whiah goes far the 

rable system of tuition^ (whidi mi^b^ name of ConwyanciB^. I say^ tkev»^ 

I think, be restored with great advaiw fore, before I ageee with these people,, 

tageinonr own days) harii^ been drop* I asttat see better gromids. 

pi3^ the Faeolty, to supply Its plsoe^ob- And truly some of the gnmnda at»- 

tained chairs in the University^ for the ted by the commissjoners are odd 

inst^BctioQofyonth in civil and nmni« enough. 0«e of the stroogest depesda 

eipsl law. And, as these two dliaira npoA the success the acbcnie has met 

embrace the whoke law, it would mani- with as it now ezista^-^' The Soeielf 

HesUy be an encroachmeDt upon tha have the satisfactioa ef stating, that» 

xights of the Faculty to subdivide the to an increasing eoacoarse of sfiudeata* 

study, and take out of the hands o£ of vssious deser^itioos, tkai memtiommm 

their professor anv part of the subject (Mr Macvey Napier) has d^vered se- 

which is entruatea to him. If suoi a veral oourses of leetarea, in vrhkh he 

doctrine were admitted, the eusting has diewn that his tslents and aoquive* 

ehair might be mined, by turning menfts have eroinenily qualified him. 

over to new professors, first onebraucbr ^ the sitaafeion in which they have 

and then another, until nothing of had the good fiortane to place lum."— 

bis subject might be left Why not It might be a cnriooa suloost of in* 

have a lecturer on teinds, on crimi- qniry,whether this immense conooune 

nal law, on revenue law, on comaker- of ntsirlmts was drawn t og et her hy the 

dal law, on consistorial law, &e.?— talenta of the lecturer, auA the ntilky' 

Somebody urged that this would be of the course, or by a. certain regula* 

an advantage. No doubt each branch tion winch oompels each caadidatB for 

might be more ftiUy taught, but how admission to the Society of Writers to 

much would be left to the proper pro* the Signet, to take out one or moce 

lessor ? I care not what the present ticketB for the course. Be this as it 

Professor ctf Law thinks of it; I savUut may ; if the course is so easineatly uae- 

such an arrangement was never nesrd ful, and so well attended, it doea not 

of. The tuition o£ the whcie law is dearly occur to me where the strong 

entrusted to one nenon. If he cannot necessity eodsts for making a profoe* 

comprize the wnole su^ect in one sorship of it, onkas it be for the ag* 

course of lectures, let bun give two,, grandisement of the Society of Writers 

three, or four; and if he does not teach to the Signet, which is, in truth, the 

it sufiidently in detail, let other lectu* oligect of the Tory friends of the mea- 

xers supply that in which he is defi- sure, or for that of the present incsum- 

cient, but not as professors. There is bent, whidi is the aim of the Whifls. 

no reaaon whv the teacher of a branch Mr Cranstoun told us that none bat 

of a science should be a professor. In an experienced Writer to the Signet 

the m^cal and philosopnical sciences, conkl teach this abstruse science, aad 

there are innumerable independent and that no one oould acquire it widunut 

separate lecturers, who may teach the such tuition, unless he should tti e 

details, while die professors of those glimnsa of the new algebraical hffkt to 

sdencesgive merely the grand and ge* whkh he alluded. I have conversed 

neral outlines of the subgeet. — Tmsn with many Writers ta the Signet upom 

you have lectures on diseases of the the subject, and am hsdmed to ayree 

ejre, the ear, &c. — lectures on gahan* with Mr Cmnstoun, that a Writer te 

ism — electricity—- dynamics, &c ; but the Signet Ao< the best means of teiehiM 

surely it would be absurd to erect new oottveyancing. But I have met vita 

dMirs in the UniversiticB for snch neae who ever derived boiefit from a4* 

oourses. There can then be no olgeo^ tendanot on public lectmrffs on the suW 

tion to the continuance of such a course ject ; — ^it is at the desk that it muat be 

of lectures as the present in the Signet learned, ornowhere. Butif it is tobe 

Library. Butlmustseebettergvsunda tan^ byaprofossor, I confess I da 

for placing it in the University ; par* not see any good reason fov exchiding 

ticuiarly, seeing (what however wsa' an Advocate ftooi such a chair. IshaU 

studiously kept out of view by Mr. be Sold that his pcrticalat branch of 

CranstounandMrBell,) that through- btt«ness is incompatible with a tho- 

out Uie whole of the Universities of rough knowledge of deeds. But if can- 

Euaora, there s, whatever else there, stantposctice in conveyancing is 


1«IS.;] OtilkintekieuSckobl^fPMics. J^ I. lis 

cU to a iWufgli kDOMrlsdge of liie vSmt. And it iras a eomflflCe pteee of 

■lAJmCy I o o au M fi e a law]rer «|Hle ad hambug to tmetend tiiat pditics Were 

adequate to teadi it, aa a ivriter not in not to interfere in the question, 

maiapl fvaeboe. I«6iet, tiie kat feo Had die question been bnn^t for- 

lanr on ooowyancnig tboocbt ttadd- ward in a fttr, maniy, and open waj, 

ei to bis reapectability to Mke the ad* die case would h«ve been quite difibr* 

vosste'a gown ; and whim he was un- eot. Had the proposal been^ that, afr 

sMe ao lectwe, the Sodetv of Writers ter the preaent incwmbener, d>e coiuie 

la llie Signet allowed anotner advooate should be transferred to the Unifersi- 

to teadi in his plaoe; and it is believed ty ; or suppose If r Napier had signi- 

better and mere useM leetarae nerer fted iiis resignation, in ondcr that the 

weva daliwaed than <m this ooeasion. question n)^;ht be discussed without 

But wa aoaf aslclf msaatain, tiiat an bias, I verily think it would not have 

ai foc ala in practice nwqr teach con¥ey-> been fiir to hate allowed politica to- 

aadng aa weH as a pmon who does intor&re, although, in this latter case, 

■ot pffaorisi conveyancNig at all ; nay, it is evuknt, £tom the high estimation 

Cbeefaief part ofwbose tinaisdefo* in which we are told Mr Napier stands, 

aid, and useiaUy devoted, to the study that he would have been re-elected, 

of tide pages tattler dMoi title dosds"* Still, this course would have been so 

to the dis^bution of boobs in the li- manly and honourable, that however 

brary of llie Society of Writers to the nuch 1 dislike Mr Napier's politics, 

Signet — to die «(dlection and arrange* and however aware of the danger w^h 

meat of matenals ftr a aapdteient to I iiresee froaa the projected numi^y 

asapcrananaiedEocydopcaia— aoeri* of education by ms party, I should 

tia»— ao the diseovay of new in« have been wkum inclined to vote for 

ftnnatioaaa to the soepeand tendency his re-election* But as the matter 

ef liord Bacon's Writings— a new tune atood, I saw no occasion, for one, to 

en the Notmm Orgamun y and odier give die sanction of my approbation to 

inch employment. the Whig Mr >^apier being made a 

And this leads me to my last end profossor under the cover of two gene- 

stvottgeat ground of objection to this ral propositions, declaring simnly that 

proposal, which, in spite of Mr Cran- conveyancing is a usefiu stuay, and 

stoun, I wBl confen is political. I ot^t to be taught by a profossor ra- 

have aa great a respect for Mr Cran- ther than a lecturer. I confess I waa 

slaan aa any Whig at the bar. and a somewhat surprised that no one gave 

much greater respect for him than for this as the best and true reason for vo« 

any ouer Whig at the bar. But I was ting against Mr Cranstoun's proposi- 

truly sorry to hear him maldng a ha- tion. It is, I thiiJc, a reason of wnidi 

imgue about the baseness of voting nobody needs to be ashamed. But I 

npon this measure from pditical mo- supp e ta they were all cowed by die 

tives. Did he not know that almeal thunders of declamation against poliF- 

cfcry one member of the Faculty who tics, which was as politic a devioe aa 

voted with him voted wholly and solely can well be conceived. However, not- 

from political motives ? Did he not withstanding l^e ab$ence of a great 

know, that if a Tory ^endeman bad number of those who expressed tben^ 

been lecturer on conveyancing, the selves against the measure, md die 

whole measure would have been stig- presence of every retainer of whig- 

matiaed as a dirty Tory job? Did he gei^ who could be lud hold of^ a ma^ 

aotknowthatmio-half of the persons^ jon^ voted i^^ainat Mr danstoun's 

vdio, aloi^ with him, appeared to be motion. 

m eimeat and anxious for the honour This was communicated to die Writers 
and g^ory of ^Society of Writers to by the Dean of Faculty, and a most ex- 
the Sigi^ have upon other occasions traordinary application followed. The 
dedaiitted against toe pushing and stri- Faculty were requested by the Writers 
diiu^ system of that body — ^have com- to the Sip;net to send them an extract 
plamed of the privilege granted to of the minutes of their meeting on the 
them by the Court of luiving seats in subject, together with any reasons of 
the Inner-House set apart for ihem, dissent which might be lodgedagainst 
&C.? It is absurd to deny diat this the resolution of the Facmty. The 
mc asme would have been scouted by Faculty were told it would be rude and 
the very men who supported it, if it impolite to refuse this most unheard- 
had not been for the politioal object in of request The migority of a body 

lU On ihe PlueUeu Seho6l of FMies. No. I. CAag. 

Kjectapropositioii; afbwofthatbody lity pnfaUsfa their reMnnt of diacnt. 

(Ufibr with them, and have the privi* Thiaatmyof the refusal of the FacuUy, 

lege of recording their reasons^ The and of thesorreptitioiiaprooeedingre- 

reasona of the migority are nertr en- latiTe to the leaao n a of coaMOt, waa of 

tered upon their recoid. But it ia mo^ ooorae concealed in the printed otalo- 

deitly expected that the minority aie ment laid before die MagiatratJeB, aa4 

to fiimiah the peraons whose proposi- etrcolafeed among the merobera of the 

tionisrgectedyWiththereaaoDso^'iu/ Society of Writers to the Signet, when 

their own resolution, in order to be these reasons of dissent first were pub* 

printed, published, and circulated. I lisbed. But, notwithstanding, I am 

nc€d not tell you that such a proposal happy to say, the Town-Council weaa 

was reject^ by a very large mi^orit^. not influenced by them, bat gave ita 

Somebody remarked, however, that it due e£fect to the opinion of the mijo« 

was competent to any member of the rity of the Faeoky, by untinimtnui^ 

Faculty to get a copy of these reasons rejecting Uie applu^tioii' altogether ; 

of diment ; and certainly some member and I shall not be mudi auipriscd to 

of tlie Faculty condescended to do that kam, thai some of the worthy TViriea, 

which was refused by the body at who lent the sanction of their names lo 

large ; and, still more extraordinary, the moposal, are not much distmsed 

the Writers to the Signet did not he- «by Uie result. 

sitate to print and circulate that whidi There are some other sul^yecta to 

they had thus clandestinely, and, I ra^ which I shall from time to time draw 

ther think, improperly obtained. Had your attention, and whidi may be w^ 

they not taken thisextraordinaryoourae, and nsefbUy classified nnder the head 

I should not have troubled you <m this which I have adopted as the title of 

occasion. But I think I liave a right this letter.— BeUeve me, e?er yomia, - 

to give my reasons of adherence to the FaANoiacuLua Fdmk*** 

opinion of the nugority, if the mino- Shakeham, Jml^ 5M. 



[[We owe some apology to our readers for taking up so much room with a 
subject which many of them will, of course^ r^;ard as very local and very tri- 
vial too. But the fact is, that we were pleased with the vein of this young oon* 
tributor ; and it also is a ^t, that this vile, ploddess syitem, haa gone on 
much too long in Edinburgh. We flatter ourselves that we have done some 
good by our papers about the New High School ; and certain flue genUemen 
may depend on it, these papers are not brought to a dose yet. We also flatter 
ourselves that we shall hear no more of making Mr Macvey Napier a ProfeMor 
in the University of Edinburgh. Ne sutor vltka cebpidam. 

Conveyancing, in England, is in the hands, not of the Solicitors, but of the 
Bar. Yet, what would even such men as Preston say, if they heard people 
talking of a Profeuorship (we believe they would laugh even to hear of a 
tureship) of Conveyancing ?—C. N.]] 

* I was diristned after Mr Jf/Snj^ by my firther, who was one of the PlucU 

!«»!] ^ Tk€ ^€P. JIfr If^ng't OrniioHs. lis 


OuE Iktt infbnnation of tht exist- sides. John Bull, howeTer, Ukm for 

cBee of muh a person as '' the Reve- once the Old Times' side of tiie ques- 

icDd Edward Irjing," was derired tion, and reiterates the cry of quack- 

from certain columns devoted (last ery" and " cant/' adding, with much 

snnmer we think) hy a morning pa- urbanity^ the designation of " the new 

per to the account of a dinner given Dr Sqmntum/' (this by the way in 

ID his honour in London— ^tfiue^m the very same paper where John very 

Ae dair. One of the company, the properly abuses Lord Byron for say- 

OQiqrier, if we recollect rightly, was ing that the King weighs twenty 

lep o ited fo have commencea a speech stone,^ — ^while, to complete the mys* 

aroposii^ Mr Irving's health, with tification, the Morning Chronicle steps 

Janmng Mr Irving as a person ''.equal- forward to abuse John Bull, and to 

ly gigantic in intellect as in corporeal espouse the cause of Dr Stoddart, in 

mme." From this we took it for direct opposition to that maintained 

^panted, that Mr Irving was a tall in the spotless columns of '' the Lead- 

■as — and from the spe^ vrhich he ing Journal of Europe." 
made in replj, we could not avoid the The only fact we came to the know- 

eooehiaion, that he himself was of the ledge of from all these conflicting 

ooopler's opinion as to the gigantic statements and authorities, was, that 

cievatioo of nis own intdiect In other, the Reverend Edward Irvins has the 

wsrds, we were impressed by the whole misfortune to have some derect in his 

of this newspaper report (which we organs of vision — ^which really, in spite 

of ooorae considered as an advertise- of our respect for Mr John Bull, we 

Bnat,) with the belief, that some cannot consider as bearing very doKly 

Seoteh Presbyterian congregation in upon the question of this reverend 

the dty of London had got a new, a gentleman's merits as a preacher of the 

tin, and a conceited minister— that, as GroepeL Even if we knew that John 

usimI, a good dinner had been given on Bull was as heavy as Lambert, aa 

htt inauguration-*-and that, as usual, lame as Vulcan, and as oblique in 

Cfaegood dinner had been fblk>wed with glance as Thersites himself— -all in 

nany speeches, which could only ap- one — we should not enjoy John Bull's 

pear tolerable to persons influenced by wit a bit less than we nave been used 

diose ftelinga which we recently had to do. Such satire as this does harm 

oocssioD to enlarge a little upon, in to nobody but the person who nudcea 

tieatti^ of the Origin and Progress use of it. It is never even excusable, 

if the Gormandizing School of £lo- except when used in revenge of satire 

qnence. of the same species — and we certainly 

We had qaite forgotten all this, uu- should be much surprised if we learned 

til oar memory was refreshed by some that Mr Irving, or any other preacher, 

of those notices wherewith the Lon- had given John Bull any sucn provo« 

don newi|>apers have i^ecently abound- cation. 

ed. Mr Irving, it seems, has become We say, that this of the squint was 

a highly popular preacher in London, the onljfact we had been able to ga- 

Canning and Brougham, Sidmoulh ther from all this newspaper conjro- 

aad Mackintosh, and Michael Angelo versy. The opinions of the several 

Taylor, a&d Mr Heber, have all been controversialists we, of conrse, consi- 

to hear him. The Old Times calls him dered as tantamount to nothing ; and 

a qnack and an ass — and the New we thought not much more highly of 

Times says the Old Times is just as the information that such and such 

absord in this as in calling (as it late- men of intellectual reputation had 

Ij did) Sir WsJter Scott a '' Mounte- been detected amidst the crowd of Mr 

bsnk Minstrel," — *' a dull romance- Irving's chapel upon such or such a 

spinner," and we know not what be- Sunday. There is no kind of reputa- 

* The Oractes of God, four Orations. For Judgment to come, an argument, in 
a'me pans. By the Rev. Edward Irving, M. A. Minister of the Odedonian Churcb» 
ffatton-Garden. London. T. Hamilton, 38, Paternoster-Row. 182a 

Vol- XIV. T 


tMU which we are indined to hold in 
more saspidcHi (not to say ecu tempt) 
than that of a much-nm-upon, high- 
flying church-orator. Be extravagant 
-Hb»eioad— thunder boldly, and your 
business is half done. If to a brave, 
bellowing voice, and a furious gesture, 
vou add some strange uncouthness of 
look, dialect, or acc^t— so much the 
better. But if to these things you add 
^e noble audacity of out-of-the-way 
and unwonted allusions, political, li- 
terary, personal and vituperative, 
mantling over the spite of these with 
the thin veil of a sanctimonious sor- 
rowAilness, why, who can doubt the 
result of ench a congregation of allure- 

Whitfield, in the last age, carried 
everything before him by die mere 
fearless Mwling of enthusiastic me- 
diocrity, aided by the concomitants of 
a remarkable exterior, and a melodious 
and weU-gnanaged trumpet of a voice. 
We are entatled to speak in this way of 
Whitfield, considered merely in an in- 
tellectual point of view — ^because his 
Sermons, &c. are in print, and are, with- 
out exception, the poorest stufl^— the 
most uniform unredeemed trash, that 
ever dis^^raced the Ens^ish press. As 
for the mtentions of the man, that is 

Smte a di^rent matter— we have no 
oubt that Whitfidd was a vain, frothy, 
loose-tongued dedaimer ; and that, in 
i^ite of all this, he might bea very well- 
meaning man ; and that, in spite of all 
his weaknesses, hisministrations might 
not fidl to produce a certain ]^portion 
of good. 

The ^;reaC preacher of the present age, 
again, is (or rather, perhaps, we should 
say, was) Dr Chahners. 

Noboay now doubts that Dr Chal- 
mers owed nine-tenths (to say the 
least of it) of the great effect he pro- 
duced, to the mere animal vehemence 
flsid extericMr uncouthness of bis deli- 
very. The Doctor was for a oonsider- 
able time over-rated in a most extra- 
vagant manner— and yet nobody can 
deny that he did deserve to be rated 
highly. The intbHcation of his first 
Smnons reduced him at once to a com- 
paratively moderate staticm— and he 
nas ever sinoe been declining; yet 
much renfains. He is not— every one 
who has read his books, admita— the 
great master of imagination, of leason, 
and of language, wmch be at first pass- 
ed for. He has not mndi imagination 
at all— witness the laborious tinkering 

Vke Bdv. Mr Irvin^s Ckmtkmf. 


of what are meant to be his finest de- 
scriptive essays. In reasoning, he ia 
coarse, rather than dexterous, extreme* 
ly narrow, and extremdy vague at llie 
same time. In language he is grosdy in- 
accurate — ^bombastioandbald by timia, 
a barbarous innovator, a most wvlgur 
artisan. Yet much remains— a cer- 
tain manly visour redeems moce than 
half these fiiults — a direct, honest ear- 
nestness — a scorn ot petty a^ectations — 
a pervading spirit of bold truth of 
sentiment^— these are qualities whidi 
no one can deny to him. And then 
he made his own style— bad as it k in 
many respects, this style of preaduag 
was nis creation— a novdty, and his 
own. — He stepped into a new walk- 
he widded a new weapon— his errem 
were the errors of a man possessed, if 
not of genius, (in its true sense,) eer* 
tainly of very strong and remarkaUe 
talents. And therefore he must not be 
altogether fbigotten, at least in lua 
own time. 

What attraction the delivery of Mr 
Irving may possess, we have no meana 
of guessing. From the &ct of his be- 
ing so mudi followed in London, we 
cannot doubt that it has at least the 
character of extraordinary eamestnesa 
and vehemence, which of itsdf ia 
enough to make any preadier, to a 
certun extent, and for a time, excea- 
sivdy popular. But one thing we are 
altogether unable to account for> 
this is, that, although Mr Irving 
never to have been out of Scotland 
until last year, we diould never, by 
any acddent, have heard his name 
mentioned in Scotland until after he 
had succeeded in making a noise in 
London. He was, it seems, aasiBtant 
to Dr Chalmers at Glasgow for a con- 
siderate time, and yet, though till 
latdy the name of Chalmers was never 
a«ft of the mouths of the Cii»agofw 
people, we c&tuslj never heard one 
of tnem even mention the name of hia 
assodate and coUeii^ue. Perhaps he 
is a Glasgow man, and failed thm on 
the old prindple of the prophet's being 
without renown in his own land. Per- 
haps his accent was too dose an image 
of their own to be agreeable. Per- 
haps the &r-sou^t charm of Dr 
Chalmers's High Fifeish barbarity waa 
too powerful a rival for the native 
horcoca of the Gallowgate. Of all 
this we know nothii^. But Mr Ir- 
ving has publiahed a volume, and so 
put it in the powerofuai, and of every 


7%f Rtv. Mr Irtnng^i OraHotu. 14T 

iMwho,Vkem,lie?^h^ tmyappat^ Sermon, but llie Oro/ibn, or die A». 

towqrof seong or hetfin^ the man hgy, or the Argument that is aboat 

AnDseif, to form same opnion as to to commenee; and a more serious 

bis flMnto, ^ ^ nr as ttiese do not doubt may also be entertained, wbe- 

ttosnt in Tisible and audible pecu- tiier, upon the whole, the edification 

"™***-, « ^ ^ , of Chnstian congregations is at all 

We dian confess honestly at the likely to be increased by the dropping 

outo^that the opinion we have formed from the pulpit addresses of theirmu 

IS by no means just what either the lusters, of that plain, and even formal 

Miamnan or the croupier of the din- style and announcement of arruige* 

per devoured in honour of Mr Irving's ment, which the experience of so many 

mstaUatoon in Hatton Garden Chapel ages has, all over Christi«i Europ^ 

would have suggested.— But we shall proved to be, at the least, oompatibte 

«m« to it all in due season. with many advantages, bod^ to the 

In the first place, however, we think reason and U^ memory of the great 

Mr Irving one of the most absurdly majority of hearers. 

Klf.-Goiieeited persons of our time. But Mr Irving will make little of 

!«*, on the very threshold, at the this last doubt. He b^ns his book 

fid^-pige of his vofamie itself. with a distinct announctoent that 

** 'OR he means it not for ordinary riders, 

THE OEACLES OT GOB, but for the Icamed, imaginative, and 

FOiTR OEATIOKS : accomplished classes^ mankind. 

'OA These dasses, he modestly observes^ 

JimoBMENT TO COME, are quite n^lected by the preadiers 

AN AEGUMENT^ of the present time. Nobody, it seems, 

t.'^ ^P'* PABTs." either preadies sermons, or prints 

In reality, the volume consista of Ixx^s, likely to serve the cause of re« 

fkirUen semens: but this new sort Hgion among the kyvers of poetry, sei- 

of nomenclature is adopted by way of ence, sentiment, or politics. All these- 

"»™g qmo sity. We have no wish classes of people have as yet been left 

teedio the newspapers, which, as we entirely out of view— but at last there 

hate seen, call Mr Irving a Quack ; is some hope for them, since behold 

nitwe certainly cannot help admitting, and Ksten ! the Rev. Edward Irving, 

tot this sort of thing looks a peat A. M. has girt " th^ loins of his 

deal too like that prevailing fashion, mind," and has, to use his own Ian* 

in virtue whereof the new tooth-pow-> guage, " a thorough conviction"^-* 

der 18^ announced as dentifrice, the '<>That until advocates ofrdigion do arise 

new pimple- wash as Kcdydor, the new to make unhalUnped poeU, and mmdevimi 

long coach as dodecahedron, and the dealers in science, and iniemperate advom 

new smutty chap-book, as Liber Amom caUs of policy ^ and all other pleaders beibre 

sv. . the pubijc mind, give place, and know the 

But Mr Irvmg con^sses more than ^J^"ty of their vaiioas biovinces to this 

onee in the course of his book, Aat he .^tSU!?'^''^ ™?* ^^•'?*'\S*l'^ 

wo.— It has come, he tdls us, to er- we can shift these others into the back, 

ate no ideas but those of drowsiness, ground of the great theatre of thought, by 

msiiridity, and langmd verbosity. He clear superiority in the treatment o/ovm, 

not once nor twice in the course of his sub^, we shall Aeyei see the meh or 

vohune, but at least fifty times, pro* nKnEasTAVDiMo in this nation bKmght 

daims, in express words, his ambition back to the fountains of living water, ftom 

to kmoek up aermon-pr^^ing and which their ^thefs drew the Ufe of all thwr 

somoo-printing^ snd mtroduce the gwatocss." 

pmdnng and printing of Oratiom '^'^ere is a vast deal more of this 

and ^mMieaff in their stead. Now, «<»t of talk ; and more than once, Mr 

we finerfy concede to Mr Irving that Irving clearly and distinctly avows, 

Ihem^fority of preachen in this day ^a' ^^ d€«« is to see the days of 

sre daU — nut it may still be very predominant puritanism re-establiidi'- 

nrach doubted whether people will ^ For example: 

hear them with more attention be- *' But, by the splits of oar great fitthers 

cause they give out that it is not the in church and state !* are we never again to 

* This fri^d imitation of the famous Demosthenian oath is extremely well snited to 
the place and the theme ! 

148 The Bev. Mr lrvwff$ Oratums. Z^^' 

MBthemuiionof retigious and free-bom puniihtheitidblfetry of liberty, and denoiu* 

mm ^ Is Aere to be no city of refuge, no ttnte into what degradation of porty-aer- 

home, no fellowship of kindred for one who Ting and adf-seeldng thta boasted hbei^ 

dares to entertain within his breast these will bringmeo, when they loose it from tha 

two noblest sentiments— freedom and reli- fear of God, who is the only patron of equi- 

gion ? Is he aye to be thus an outcast from ty and good government. But vhy^ O 

the pious, who neglect all political admini- Lord ! dost thou remove thf tight from thine 

itrations, except when they touch sectarian own people, thepiotis rfthe land t hit that 

mide, or invade churchman's prerogative? theif may know thou, art the God qfvudom 

i8heayetobeanoaccastf^omthe^«n«roit« no leu than (f zeal, v^reqvireit the wortk^ 

fmmrtrt if their country's weal, who have if the mind no less than (ftheheoH f Then 

fingone, in agreat degree, the noble virtues tio thou, tfter thine ancient loving-kindness^ 

amd cAntCJofi graces f the old EngjUsh pa- ^end firth amongst them a spirit of power 

iriarehs of church and state f and taken in and if a sound mind, that they may consult 

their private character more of the manners fir the public weffare (f this thine ancient 

amd libertinism if Omtinen0l revolutionists, rtdm, and infuse their pure principles inio 

amd have little l^qf the ancient blood of these both its dml and religious concerns, 
iaksndersf •• It seems to my mind, likewise, wheo 

'« But if EngUmd would make another I compare the writmgs of these patoardia 

step in advance, she must look to the. of dmrch and state with the iii ev e fent and 

strength in which she made her former fiery speculations of modem politicians, 

steps ; andif fordgn nations would possess and the monotonous, ummagjuiatiTe dog- 

the blessings of island, they must )ook matixings of modem saints, that the soul of 

to the same era of her history, when her this country hath suffered loss, and become 

liberty struggled into light. It will be found sterile, from the disunion of these two 

that rdigion set the work in motion, and spouses, religion and liberty ; and that the 

that reli^nu men bore the brant of the la- vigour of political and reli^ous thou^te 

boor. The Puritans and the Covenanters hath declined away. There is no nourtsh- 

were the fithers of Hberty ; the cavaHers meat to a righteous breast in the one class, 

aetd the poHOekms xvould have been its and in the other there is no nourishment to 

death. I mid it io also among the Huguenots amanlybreast; and until harmony between 

of Prance, whose massacre the star of li- these two be joined, we never snaU enjoy 

berty set to that ill-fated Umd, and cannot tuch an oflbpring of mind as formerly was 

zise again for want of such men as Cond6 produced in this land to beget its Hkenesa 

and Colign^.* It was so also in the United ui every heart. When I read the * Speech 

Province of Holland, and every country for the Liberty of Unlicensed Printing,* 

In which liberty hath had any seat.' Ne- the most powerful, it seems to me, of all 

vertfaeless, every religious man must wish compositions, ancient or modem, and over 

wdl to the present shaking of the nations, against it set the ^ Descent of Liberty, a 

at likdy to open passages for the light of Mask,' and such like works of modem re- 

tnitfa, whldi heretoibre the craft of priests fbrmers— when I read the ' Letters fbr To- 

and tiie power of abstdnte tyrants have di- leration,* or the Treatises on Government 

ligently excluded. I pray to Heaven con- of Locke and Sydney, and over a^nst 

stantly, night and morning, that he would them set the Defences and Apologies of 

raise up in this day men of the ancient modems persecuted for oonsdenoe^ sake, 

nould, who could jom in their ancient wed- (or, as they phrase it, fir bhsphemy*s sake,y 

lock these two helps meet fbr eadi other, j aeem to be conversmg with creatures in n 

whidi are in this day divorced-— rdigion different sphere in creation. Nor do I fed 

and liberty. As it goes at present, a man the element less altered upon me when I 

who cherishes these two affections within pag^ from tiie * Ecclesiastical Polity* to any 

his breast hardly knoweth whither to betake modem treatises or eulogies upon the 

faimsalf ;— not to the pftus, fbr thejr have church, or from the * Saint's Rest,* to any 

fo rsw orn all interest or regard in avil af- modem work of practical piety. The gran* 

foirs; not to the schods of politicians, who deur of r^igious subjects is faUen ; the 

with almost one consent have cast off the piety of politiod subjects is altogether de- 

manly virtues and diriitian graces of the ceased, we are mere pigmies in the moral 

eld English refbrmers. But, by the spirits applications of intdlect. The dijcHmteo. 

ofourfithert! I ask again, are their child, tion of the agfi is led etstray or feOen ashep, 

icn never io see the uunion of beli. ^lui mak^ more aoeount of the most peUg 

MODS AMD rBKB-»OBM MEM ? Have jjppto or student m art orsdemoe, oftheh^ 

out hsaru waxed narrow Uiat diey cuinot |<_,^ ^an Egyptian hierogfypkic or tkg 

contain botii of thtte noble ^aons ? or, oi&verer of a new Oasis in the gt^at desert 

'^'^'Z:^^^:^:^:':^ ^Zoara,thanitu^I^belie^,^ 

* Meaning O^ign!. 

And igain, in the following pantge^ 
wbaxh we are not soiry^ on many £f« 
icrent accounts^ to haye an opportu-i 

2%* il«;. Jlfr Irving' $ Oratumsn 


cioa a*«o«ir/«r,ifl*^waf <<y/ / ' «»d modeity, and truth. They 

.^- 1 f-: — giowflireatm crime, and hold a hot war 

with the men of peace. They sink them* 
selves in debt; they cover their families 
with disgrace; they are tlieir country*s 
shame. And will they talk about being 
dieir country's crown, and her rock of de- 

luty of quoting here. f^ce ? They have in them a coura^ of a 

^^ I would try ibewtjbuh andjlashy cjpi- kind such as Catiline and his conspirators 

fUs with (heir own weapons, and ph^ a lit- had. They will plunge in blood for crowni 

tk with them at their own game. They do ^nd gaudy honours ; or, like the bolder 

bat prate about their exploits at fighting, animals, they will set on with brutal cou- 

drinking, and death-despising. I can tell x^ge, and, like all animals, they will lift 

thrai <n those who fought with savage up ^q arm of defence against tho«e who do 

beasts ; yea of maidens, who durst enter as them harm. But their soul is consumed 

eooOy as a modern buUy into the ring, to ^th wantonness, and their steadfast prtn- 

take theb chance with infuriated beasts of ciples are dethroned bv error ; their very 

pRj ; and I can tdl them of those who fraines^ their bones andsinewsy are e£hnU 

dnnk the nx>lten lead as cheerfully as the;^ ^ated and degraded by vice and dissoMc 

da^ juice of the grape, and handled the red 
iie,aBdplayed with the bickering flames, as 
^y as they do with lore's dimples or wo* 
maa's amorous tresses. And what do they 
talk of war? Havethey forgot CromweWs 
mm band, who made their chwaby to skip f 
srthe Scots Cameronians, who seven timet, 
wkk their Christian chitf, receioed the thanks 
/ Marlborough, thai first of English cap- 
Inu/ or Gustatms if the North, whose can^ 
smtg PtabnM m etery tentf It is not so long, 
Aai th^ Aauld forget Nelson* s Methodists, 
who wertthemosttrustedaf that hero*sarw.* 
Poor men, they know nothing who do not 
know oot of their country's history, who it 


In short, it is dear, that *' what^ 
ever is, is wrong," and that England 
is ruined till we get back the soltUery 
of Cromwell, the stateamanship of the 
Rump, and in one word, the political 
as well as the spiritual predominance 
of such Orators and Arguers as Mr 
Edward Irving.— There is allrthe sul- 
ky, savage, meering malice of another 
crop-eared Pry»ne, in that one phrase 
about Cromwell's iron buid making 
ihe chiralry of England to skip! It 
well becomes nn^ ft spirit, indeed, to 

was that set at nought the wilfntoess of Ulk about " former tmies, when 

Henry VIII.. and thr sharp rage of the <* Christians were in this island Uie 

virgin Qnecn against libeity, and bore the Pnnoes of human Intellect, the Lights 

blai^ cradty of her popbh sister ; and pre. ^f x^^ world, the Salt of the political 

acated the petition of rigbu, and the bill of ^^ g^^^ state," (p. 25^ Princes! 

r^fals, and the daim of rights. Was it u^i^^t and Salt indeed ! Thistrulyia 

ehivalryf was it blind bravery ? No; these J^ gort of oracle who is entitled to 

^^ ^ classes of 

raanidnd, that " Clmstians never will 
be the Masters and commanding 
SPIRITS of the TiME,imtil they cast 
off the withered and wrinkled skin of 
an obsolete age! and clothe themselves 
with Intelligence, as with a garment, 
and bring forth the fruits of power 

•»» ..i— c^,..^..>, ™ -~ r-'-z",' and of a sound mind /" — (ibid.) Such 

in the day of a country's direst need, thev g^gsannoe would have done no discre- 
ue cowardly, treacherous, and of no avail. * ^it to the moat acid roundhead that 

KMwiMr^^ .r— — ««-— - — J 'V — • j.«^ tne son oi oracic wuu ui c*] 

wwUmte qwHtie. m«y ^o for a pttdhed jj . ^^ ^^ ^ ^Y^ .. 

idd, or a fenced rmg ; but when it cmaa ^ j^^ ., ^ « toagiMtive" 

I. aath or liberty. Sea* or virtue, dead. P^»«;M. "^^ . "StSLria™ n 

er religion, they wax dubious, generally 
bow their necks under bardship, or turn their 
t«y>lt» for a but of honour, or a mess of 
solid and substantial meat. This chivalry 
and brutal bravery can fight if you feed 
them w^ and bribe them well, or set them 
wdi on edge ; but in the midst of hux^;er 
and nakedness, and want and persecution. 

We were going to stop here, but the 
next paragraph, consisting of an eja- 
colata^ against the Bntish Soldiery 
of the nreaent time, is too rich to be 


^ Oh these topers, these gamesters, these 
idle rcvdlexs, these hardened death-despi- 
mn\ they are a nation's disgrace, a na- 
tion*s downtaU. They devour the seed of 
virtue in the land ; Aey feed on virgin- 

grinned in front of Charles's scaffohi, 
at Whitehall. We beg the reader to 
compare some of these last sentences 
of Mr Irving's with that passage quo- 
ted a little way back, where he k- 
ments over the impossibility of the 
** Christiana" of thb time coalescing 
thoroughly with those " Generous 


Was Nelson himself one of Nelson's Methodists, Mr Edward ? 


WEAL^ who loLVh fbregone in a great 
Aegne the noUe yirtoes and Christian 
graces of die old English patriarchs, 
and taken in their private characters, 
more of the manners and Libertinism 
ci Omtineniai RevoluUonisU" Who» 
nray, are these Oenerous Libertines, 
nom whom Mr Edward Irving is so 
sorry in beins separated ? Are these 
the '^ aeoomj^ished" and " imanua^ 
tiTe" ones whom he would &in draw 
to his side ? — We believe, indeed, it 
could be no difficult matter for a diild 
to answer such questions. The truth 
of the case lies in a nut-shell. The 
established order of things in Eng- 
land, abore all, in the Church, is at 
present, . attacked by two numerous, 
bnt, thank God ! hytwo separate bo- 
diee of enemie0.«-The Generous Li* 
bertines on the one side, and on the 
other side, those who haye the blas- 
phemous audacity of arrogating to 
themselyes exdusivdy, the name of 
** Christians." No wonder that they 
who hanker after the memory of 
'^ Cromwdl and his iron band," should 
hate this division. No wonder that 
they should thirst for a coalition that 
mii^t perhaps make once more the 
chivalry of England to skip! No won- 
der that these 'f Christians" should 
csll the Libertines they want to gain 
by such pretty names as ^^ Generous 
favourers of their country's weal,"— 
&c &C. &c 

Mr Irving complains bitterly in ano« 
ther passage, thus: ^^We,we Christians, 
have lost the manly regard oi our &« 
thers for liberty and good ffovem- 
ment, and crouoied into slavish senti- 
ments of passive obedience." ^p. 244.) 
Does not this fUmish a sufficient dew 
to Mr Irving's drift ? — Tes, we do not 
fesr to say it, go who will to hear this 
man thunder out his orations and his 
arguments, that the book this maa^ 
has published is embued throughout 
with a strain of most dangerous saiti- 
ment He wants to make the " Ge- 
nerous fiivourers of dieir country's 
weal" Christians, and he vrants tomake 
the Christians ashamed of having " lost 
the 0I4 manly reprd fbr liberty," and 
'* croudied into ooedienoe !" Lay these 
two strings that he has to his bow 
together, uid let any man, whether 
*^ accomplished and imaginative," or 
not, doubt if he can, what is the arrow 
that the reverend man would fain see 
his bow IcMuled with. — Such a way of 
judging may appear harsh and hast^- 

7%e JRev. Mr Irving s Ordkidns* 


we aamire our readefB It is not hasty ; 
and if it be harsh, let Mr Irving speak 
English, and we shall endeavoor not 
to misunderstand him another tone. 

In ^te of a ftw pretty compliment 
tary phrases used now and then in the 
course of his production, we cannot 
doubt that Mr Lnring's main intention 
it to attack the Churdi of Eng^nd. 
It is certainly of no great consequence 
what, as an individuS, he does, or does 
not attack J but we are extremely sor- 
ry indeed to observe, that this tone is 
by no means an uncommon one at pre- 
sent among the ultraa bf the.Preab^- 
tericji Kirk of Scotland. We can easi- 
ly uudostand that these pec^should 
^efer having a church like their owo 
established in the sister kingdoms, if 
they could manage that point— bat it 
is dear enough, that of this diey can 
haye no serious h<^ whatever. They 
well know, that if the Episcopal 
Church of England perish, no esta- 
blished Churdi whatever can come in 
its place. They well know, that the 
Sectaries are too much divided, and 
too fierce in their snleen against each 
Other. They are wiDing, therefore, to 
lend a hand in pulling down the pr&- 
sent^Church of England, although in 
the knowledge that there never could 
be any other Church of Endand. 
They flatter themsdves that although 
the Church of England were pulled 
down to-morrow, the Kirk of SooUand 
(Would stand fast and be in no sort of 
danger. They therefore go on con- 
tinually decrying die sister church 
and extolling theur own in the ssme 
breath, and Mr Irving, among the 
rest, loses no opportunity of raving 
about Baxter, and the old non*oonfor- 
mists, as if these were the only clerical 
names really worthy of the gratitude 
and yeneration of tne people of Eng- 
land-Hreslly vrorthy of bdng reve- 
renced on a par, to aay no more, wi&. 
those of the Knoxes and MdviUes, &c 
of the Presbyterian Establishment in 

Not the least extraordinary part t£ 
this humbug is, that these people 
are eternally abusing the Church of 
England, as a ChurcA too dosdy uni- 
ted with the state and the afflurs of 
stat^ — and lauding their own Church 
for Its freedom from all such connec- 
tion — and this at the very same time 
that they are hankering most eagerly 
after the restoration en ^at state of 
matters which prevailed in the days 


18SS.;] ne Rev. Mr Iroing^s Oraiioni, 161 

of cbeKnozw and the Fryimet! Thane eren Chahnmes,) are quite forgot* 

neter woe any chnrwnen in the ten. And will Uiese people and the 

world who intecfioed in pditioa more leaders they may so well be proud of 

Hmdj uid proudly and sternly than havinp^will all these sit silenUy and 

John Knox and the menof his school, submit to be held in an inferior place 

bodi in Ei^^and and in Scotland, by the dersy of the Kirk, when they 

lliey were Uie moat ambitions of see England set free from a Church- 

priests— -Bating the difference of their estabUsnment altogether ? The suppo- 

doctrines, they were just so many aition is ridiculous. The thing will no^ 

proud su^ p^fiiah monks — ^they had stand for fbur-and-twenty hours, 

all the rancour of a Caste, all the tho- But the Presbyterian Dlssenteia are 

roQ|fagoinff ambitioQ of a plebeian notalL There is a prodigious body of 

frcuon. we do not mean to deny that, Episoopalians in Scotland. At this mo« 

whh all these fiiults, they had many ment, there is scarcely a smgle noble 

exedlencieBt and tint thev produced funily in Scotland that is not E]^8oo« 

undi good in more ways tnan one to palian. Almost all the higher gentry 

die country— quite the reverse. But are in the same way. Perhaps it would 

we do think, and, thinking, we do not not be saying too much to say, that 

hcatate to say, that the idea of wish* fully two-thirds of the landed pro* 

but for the resurrection of the politic p^rtv in Scotland are at this hour in the 

m as wdl aa ecclesiastical predomi* nanoaof Episcopalian proprietors. Now 

naacy of men of that spirit, is absurd- the land, and tne land alone, is bur- 

\j tt vazianee with the mind of the thened with the maintenance of the 

nation and of the age— and certainly kirk establishment It is very true> 

most woefully at variance with the that theburden is, comparatively speak* 

feelii^ of those more cultivated dass- ing, light, and easy to be borne ; yet, 

a to which this Mr Irving seems so if the gentry of England were set enm 

tmbitioaa of exclusively ad£essing his tirely tree o£ iiihes, does any one be« 

orstions. lieve that the gentry of Scotland would 

But the truth is, nothing can be submit willingly to any payment, how« 

more ridiculous than the notion pre- ever moderate, of tiends f No; back- 

nknt among a particular dass of our ed bv the great Presbyterian dissent- 

Scottish diurdimen, that their esta- ing bodies, the landed men of Scot- 

UidtHDent would not be shaken by land would certainly rise in an instant 

die downfhll of the Church of En^- against the continuance of such a sya- 

Isnd. It ia very true, that their sti- tem. It is a great [uty that it should 

peods are moderate, and that their be so; but, in point of fiKt, the nobles 

establishment is, on the whole, as lit- and the higher gentry of Scotland, 

do bnrthenaome as any establishment are, with very few exceptions, in these 

could wdl be. But this is not the days, Enolishmkk. There is not one 

ffmtian. There is a very great body of the higher nobility of Scotland that 

of Di sieute ia in Scotland too— a great spends, on an average, more than two 

and an increasing body of Presbyte- nights in the year in the metropolis of 

ritn Diaeenters. The do^p^men of Scotland. There is no/ one of them 

these sects in Scotland are, it is noto- that has a house there ; when they 

nous, just as weU educated, as Idum- come thither, they are strangers, and 

od, as eloquent, and every way as re* put up at a hotel, just as they would 

ipeetaUe, aa those of the Established do in Amaterdam or Paris. Every 

CrL Nay, it is a sineular enough Scotch gentleman who can aflford it, 

iact, diat in ottf own day, the two carries his family not to Edinburgh, 

nen who have done most fbr the li- but to London. With few exceptbns, 

terary r^otation of the Presbyterian the young men of fashion and tortune 

order in Scotland, are not are all cniefly educated in England, 

membeti of the Established Presbv- England iseverything; Scotland is no- 

terian Church at alL What has tne thing but a place to get rents from, 

Kiric of Scodand produced in these «id to shoot grouse in forafew weeks 

^aji that can sustain a moment's com- after the risii^ of Parliament. These 

pviian with the Dictionary of Dr Ja- people are all English— thehr speech ia 

adesoD, and the Historical Worka of English— their prdudices are English; 

Dr M'Crie? These are books which more than half of their blood is in 

wiU keep their place hundreds of most insUnces English blood. These 

Ton afrer My Chalmerses, (yes, people will certainly oppose as much 

1<58 Tie Bof. Mr Jrmng't Ck^miu. IIA«S- 

«Bm themttathedownfiilloftfaeTe- ptrticalars. ^^lat we aqrwIH be in- 
neraUe Churdi of England; buty that telligible enouffh to everybody thftt 
once down^ is it an]^ii^ len than liyet in Scotland^ andto thegreatma- 
craziness and mere imbecUity to dream iorityof tbosewhodonotliveinSeot* 
that they will make a second, and a land also. We may jost hint, however, 
more successful batUe, for the purpose in a single sentence, that the subscrip- 
of upholding the Kirkestablishmentof tkm for Hone, to take one ezamp£e> 
ScoUtfid? — aChurdiofwhichtheyare was aided and abetted hen ki Scot- 
noi, and have not for a long while been^ land, not only by the Edinbvr^ Re- 
accustomed to consider themselves a% viewers, but by many ruling eULers^ 
in any true sense of the word, mem- who figure among tne loudest and 
faers— an establishment with which most strenuous orators in our General 
they have long c^wed to have any con- Assemblies upon the ultra- Whig and 
nexion, except that of paying for it, ultra^Presbyterian side of the Kirk, 
and of appointing; theministers, (which This is true ; let who wfll sav that this 
last benefit, by the way, cannot oe sup- b right. It is really enough to make 
posed to be held at any very high va- one laufffa to see how good, mftihj, 
lue, seeing that the Kirks of Scotland shortsighted men are taken in by a few 
have long ago ceased to be looked upon flummery paragraphs about than and 
as convenient shelves for the younger their immaculate Kirk, and their Im 
sons even of the poorer orders of the berality I by people whose real inten- 
Soottish gentry.). tions are scarcely covered by any veil 
When Mr Irving laments over the at all, except when, for puticnlar pur- 
want of sympathy and dose union be- poses, they are endeavouring to oood- 
iween what he is pleased to call, '^ We, liate those, who, if they had as muA 
WE Christians," and '' the gene- wit as we cannot doubt they have ho- 
KOusPAvouREES OF THEIR couktey's ttcsty, would bo the forcmost and OMMt 
WEAL, WHO HAVE IN THEIR PRIVATE uurdenting enemics of such a crew. 
MANNERS ADOPTED THE LiBERTi- There is much that the truly le- 
NisM OP PRANCE," we are well aware spectable deigy of the Churdiof £ng- 
that what he r^v weeps over is land might do well to notice, and to 
the Toryism, generaUv speaking, and imitateinthedergyofthesiBterC3iiiKi& 
certainly the steady loyaltv, Si that here in Scotland— -their strict rest- 

great party uftt^'n the Churoi of £ng- denoe; thdr humble, sealous 
£md, which is commonly distinguish- tions of their people ; their nnifatin 
ed,' we shall not ask how improperly, and undivided attention te thedutiea of 
by the name of the Evangelical party, their calling and their cures. There hi. 
He preaches and publishes in London, on the other hand, much that the der« 
theiefore it cannot be doubted that gj of Scotland ought to imitate and 
this is what the orator means. It is, nval in the character of their En^ish 
however, not a bit the less true, that brethren ; above all, in that thorough 
there is a great deal too much sympe^ scholarship, both professiaiial and ex* 
thy and union just at present between tra^rofessional, which, in smte of all 
certain infidel enemies of the Church the sneers of the Irvingp «i hoe gtnus, 
of England and certain other enemies has rendered, and now keeps m at-- 
of hers. It is the great reproach of a tacksof infidel writersand infidel era- 
very considerable party in the Kirk of tors inefibctual in Britain. The dergy 
Scotland, for example, that they have of Scotland do their duty admirmjy 
snfiBn^ themselves, on many very im- in their parishes most admirably ; and 
portant occasbns, to be led into a they deserve, and tfiey possess, the 
shamefiil copartnership and co-opera- warmest good wishes of every lover of 
tion with roai who abstain from at- the Truth -vnthin the country where 
taddng their chitfch m>tr, only because there ministry is exercised. But whet 
they see (what the others would have would have become of the cause oC 
seen long ago, had not the bile of con- Christianity over all Britain, long ere 
ceit and preiuidice blinded them,) that now, had there been no better fighters 
the most ettectual way of ruining that for that cause asainst the great army 
minor and poorer, but equally hated es- of infidel wits, Uian Scotland, and the 
Ublishment, is to begin with sapping Church of Scotland, has of late years 
the foundations of the mare extensive reared ? Had there been no Watson^ 
and imposing structure in the sister no Horsleys, no Pakys, in the last agi^ 
country. We need not go into close what would have been the ooodilion 

ma.3 ne M^v. MrlrinngU Oratknt. ItS 

a£ the BritUi people^ and of that ftitb sot been so, indeed, we ihoiild not of 
wfhkh was then asoiled by enemies eoorae have devoted so mnch space to 
JBdeed worthyof the name of enemies? him and his bodr. But has he shewn 
IV hat was Beattie to snch men as« himself to be a great man?-— a great 
tbcae ? Such a man as Beattie did very mtor?— agreatreasoner? — a master- 
well to be paraded and pufl^— he was bv and original mind ? — a master of 
a worthy good man, but weak as wa- En^tiidi eloquence ? — ^No sudi things* 
Cer. He had the vanity to have him- He is neither more nor less than a cfe- 
aelf paioted bv Sir Joslma Reynolds; ver copies of Dr Chalmers <^ Glas- 
attiaff in an elbow-chair in the ckmds, gow. 

isrith hb Essay on Truth inhis hands. It is very true, that he has been 

and Hume, andVdtaire, and Rousseau, reading Taylor, Barrow, Baxter, and 

and Gibbon, lying under his feet, wri> Hooker, and that he has endeavoured 

thing, in the ehai^cter of devils. Hie to infuse into his lan^niage a qnoe of 

piistfromthispicturefiguresatthebe- their olden rhetoric ^e attempt was 

sinning of his life. Any one who just praiseworthy, but the result has cer- 

ukAs at it f<ff a minute, and cond- tainly been anything but satisfactory 

ders what the man, with that happy, to those who read (mr we can say no- 

co Dten ted, imbecile, sleepy face dia-^ thing as to those who hear,) Mr Irving. 

what he was, and what these trampled Those old writers were admirably ac« 

drv^ did and were, must blush, if the comphahed masters of the EnglLdi 

blood has any way to his cheeks, for tongae : there is a rich mellow luxury 

the literary triumphs of the Kitk of about tneir periods, which, to imitate 

Seoilaiid.* Hie oeigy of Engknd is hopeless, unless in very superior 

Aoold imitate the clergy of SooUand ; hands indeed to die like of Mr Irvhig. 

die dergy of Scotland would imitate And, besides, he could not — no man 

the clergy of England. But as to such could— imitate both them and DrChal- 

p eople aa Mr Irving, it will be much mers at once. Chalmers has his own 

if tbey look round utem for a little, in merits, but they lie toto cwlo away 

^iher church, and strive to imitate, in from diose of our old prose classics of 

the fiiat place, that Christian humility the 17Ui century ; waA the attempt to 

which diatinguishes the bri^test or- Uend the two s^les has been prcduc- 

■awnents of both the one «id the other tive of an extremely unpleasing efibct. 

oT dicsB. It has covered the whole strain with aif 

Bat it iaJiig^ time we should ^leak insufferable appearance of afB»;tation 

a few words about his bode— move —double affectation too— of laboured 

atiietly ecmsidered aa a book. We have fVigiditv-^of ambitious feebleness— of 

aheody seen how onenly Mr Irving umnspired extravagance. 

a;vows the hi^ily amtntious views un- The whole style of theorator's think- 

der the influence of which he has com- ing, the whole oonc^tion of his strain, 

meDoed his career of authorship.' We are servilely after Chalmers. We are 

have seen that he despises the name of pretty sure there is not one train of 

SernMoa ; that he will write nothii^ thought at all striking in the book, 

bat OimtioDs after the manner of Ci- die germ of which may not be found 

eecD and Demosthenes, and Argu- even in Chalmers's printed works. But 

wwiita or Apokgiea after the manner to us, who have verv ftequently heard 

of the Fadiers. We have seen, too, Dr Chalmers peach, the identity of 

dttt he eaqpiesdy says, he means him- the two things is throughout <pnte pal- 

acif ftr the ''more learned, imaginaF- pable— painnilly so, indeed, llieimi- 

tive, and accomplished classes ; in tadon is as close, now, as the imitation 

odier words, that his olgect is to in- of Jefiey's way of reviewing by ther 

Ibae the qiirit of religion into the po- underling imbeciles of his Journal,*- 

pohor litetature, and thence into the as the imitation of the author of Wa- 

pruwlarmindof theay— thathe means verie/s style ^ the authors of The 

to Mrfc a revoltttion m religion and in CavMier, The King of the Peak, Pon^ 

lattera. tefract Castle, The Rise and FaU of 

Aad what haa been hidierto his sue* j^om^ie/, and such books. Now, there 

cesB t We admit, at onoe, freely and is no doubt, that considerable talent 

Iblly^ diat he has shewn himself to be may be shewn in the midst of even 

of considerable talents ; if it had this kind of imitation ; but high talent 

• Oar oorrenMmdent hss fbrgotten two really lespectable divines of the last age in 
?jfMrtTif^> Campbell and Mackn^t ; but still we do not quarrel with his general ar. 
giu nent aa to this matter.— C. N.. 

Vol- XIV. IT 


Tk€ Rev. Mr Irmnff$ OruthM. 


■flttythiiiff ^V* commmdiBg talflBt<-" 
aaytmng like the. talent that k capa- 
Ue ef workiiig a levdatioii^ or anv- 
inr, or in any odier depaitme&t of in- 
t^eetnal eiotkmj is quite out of the 
qnestioii in audi a cue. FaeUe ttt fa* 
ventU oddbv^isanoldand a true say- 
ing ; and even if Mr Irring had gone 
considerably beyond Dr Cnahners in 
Br Chahners's walk^ we should ne* 
▼er baTe dreamed of putting him by 
the side of his master. Even if he had 
kept all the atartlmg boldness of Dr 
Ghdimen's way of preachings and yet 
made bis language pure and correct 
English^ instoid of the jiyebsld offim- 
aiveness of the Chalmerian style, we 
should not haye said, here is a man 
worthy of taking his place by the side 
of Chabners. But he nas done nothing 
ofthissort. He hM the audacity with- 
out Uie vigour; the ot magna ionUu* 
rmm without the originsl yerve and 
pith; die wftff^tmt^ mXMyK, without 
the capacity of the temple behind. He 
has not equalled Uie excellencies— no- 
thing like it; and he has kept, ay« 
and added to the defecta. 

All this mighty no doubt, baye pass- 
ed off extremely wdl, if Mr Irving 
had been contented to spesk his era* 
tions and aiguments, and not to print 
them. He has probably a vigorous and 
impieadve style of declaiming, and if 
he had been wise enough to avoid 
publication, he might, in a place 
where Dr Chalmers could be little 
known, have continued to maintain 
the T^utation of a powerful and even 
of an original preacher. But this print- 
ing in a great measure undid Chalmers 
himself —«id what wonder that it 
should have gone near to undo his 
pupal and imitator altogether? In our 
opmion, such must have been the ef- 
leet of Mr Irving^s very ambitious 
debui aa an author. 

We ahall now proceed to justify 
what we have fielt onrselYes ccms&ained 
to say, by a few ektraets from the book. 
Hie following passsge it may be pro« 
per to introduce with the remark, that 
It occurs within three page* of the he^ 
gimung of the first Oration — ^that 
" On prcmration for consulting the 
Oracles itfGod.'' 

«* Who feeb the thrilliiig fear or tran* 
bling hope there it m woMt whereon the 
eternal destiniei of himself lioAaW 9 Who 
feels the swelling tide of gratitude within 
his breast, for redemption and salvation 
coming, instead of flat despair and ever* 
lasting retribution ? Finally, who, in per. 
^siDgthewoidof Ood, iscaptivated thnwgh 

all Us fccnltifs, snd tisBnoilsd ^}vnv e 0t^ 
aU his emotions, and through all his cn«v- 
ries of action wound up ? Why, to say 
ttie best, it is done as other duties are wont 
*to be done ; and, baring reached the rank 
of a daily, fbrmid duty, the perusal «f the 
Word hath reached its noUest places Yea, 
Aat whicfa is the guide and mi of all du- 
ty, the necessary aliment of Christian life, 
the first and the hnt of Christian know- 
ledge and Christian Ibding, hath, to speak 
the best, degenerated m these dsyslo jtanrf 
nutk amdjik among those duties whereof it 
is parent, preserver, and commander. And 
to speak not the best, but thefiur and com- 
mon truth, this book, the ofipring of die 
divine mind, and the perfection of neaven- 
ly wisdom, is permitted to lie from day to 
day, perliaps from week to week, unheeded 
and unperused ; never welcome to oor hi^ 
py» healtby, and energetic moods ; admit- 
ted, if admitted at all, in seasons of sick- 
ness, feeble-mindedncss, and disabling sor- 
row. Yea, that winch was sent to be arai. 
rit of cfsiflfits joj and hope, within the 
heart of man, is treated as the enemy of 
happiness, and the murderer of enjoyment ; 
and eyed askance, as the remcmbraaoer of 
death and the very messenger of hdl I 

M Oh ! if books had but tongues to mak 
their wrongs, then might this book wen es- 
daim— Hear, O heavens ! and give ear, O 
earth ! I came fhm the love and cmbnce 
&£ God, and mute Nature, to whom I 
brought no boon, did me rigfatfbl homage. 
To man I caiiie,andmywmdswcretoSie 
children of men* I disdoafd to you the 
mysteries of hereafter, and the secrets of 
the throne of God. I set open to you the 

Sites of Bslvation, and the way of eternal 
e, hitherto unlmown. Notlung in hea- 
ven did I withhold fitom your nope and 
ambition ; and upon your earthly lot I 
poured the full horn of Divine Providence 
and consolation. But ye requited me with 
no weloome, ye held no festtrity on my ar- 
rival: Ye sequester me firom hammess 
sad heroism, doeeting me widi sOTmess 
and infirmity ; ye make not of me, nor 
uae me fbr your guide to wisdom and pm* 
dcnoe, hut press me into a place in your 
last of duties, and withdraw me to a mere 
comer of your time ; and most of ye set 
me at nou^t and utteily disr^gsrded me. 
I came, the fullness of the knowledge of 
God ; angels delighted in my company, 
and desired to dive into my seoetk But 
ye, mortals, place masters over me, sub- 
jeding me to the discipline and dogmatiam 
of men, and tnloong me in your schools of 
learning. I came, not to be silent in your 
dwsOii^s, bat to qpssk wdfrre to you and 
to your childrca. I came to rule, and my 
thnme to set up in the hearts of men. Mine 
andcat residence was the bosom of God ; 
no residence will I have but the soul of an 

It must be quite needless Ibr us to 
criticise the above. It has all the wont 

IflD.;] n^ Rev. Jlir Irving'i OrtOums. Ua; 

^oalitieiof die Cbalmaitn •cliodl*-it8 **Tu and fbrdgii tnm saoh nrop^Md 

filority and its fbstiaii. But the in- and awakened bosom is that eold ana t&t* 

tnaoelioo of sadi a bdd f^tare, as °^ ^umd wUeh is genenBir laid vpon the 

At BiUe spaikinf ham the desk with Sacwd V olttine ; that unfedtegudmiiM^ 

t faanan toagae, at the very thie^ presslTe tone wtth which its accents aro 

QldofaaermoB, shewssniiapro. S^S^^SlS^S^lS^ISS! 

told ignofance of an the prindpUs ^^^I^'^I^^^'TJ^,^^^ 

wdlttiile to hear tUa sermon styled, as everything awful, vital, and endearing, do 

i fpttra eeaence, an Oratum. This is an meet together f Why is not curiosity, cu- 

mtrdity far, very fiir, bevond Chal- rioiity ever hungry, on edge to know the 

men's wildest flignt. And tnen to com* dohigs and intentions of Jehovah, King of 

pkte the thing, Mr Irving enforces, a Kings ?'' 

ps^s or two after, the propriety of Now what good is there in thai 
ghring prompt and undivided atten- poshing; the hetst ideas to the verge of 
tioo to the calla of religious dnty-~by absurdity ? WOl anybody of sound 
what aigunent, think you ?— - why, mind listen to a man whio says, that 
hf this, that, when the King asks a every time he opens the book of Re- 
nin to dine with him, he is " held velations, it is his duty to fed the same 
^»tf*gogedf though preoccupied with degree qfemotum with whidi the apo»« 
t thoonnd appointments !" This is tie, in Patmoe, saw the heavens opened, 
ftr the imaginative classes of the puh* and heard the anjg;d of God speak to 
He. What was " Lieutenant-Colonel him the mysteries of futurity ? 8t 
to the Earl of Mar," to the like of John himsdf could not IM the sane 
tftai? d^;ree of emotion as this in opening 

is another specimen of that extra- the book whidi he himself haa writ- 

vigyice, which totally destroys the ten even a month afterwards. As well 

M intentioDB in aperaon addressing might Mr Irvinx tell the Duke of 

ntkmal men, we must (^ve the f<^ Wellington, th&t he ought to fed the 

fewiog diort paragraph imn the same same way 'v^n he tuma over the his« 

MiDon:— tory of the battle of Waterloo, as he 

did when he had the first ^^impee of 

** Go, vUt a desolate widow with con. Buonaparte's columns on tnat great 

•WoB, and help, and fktherhood of her ^y. As well might he say, that we 

«riw duldren— do it again and agahi— ^^^^ all to fed the same way hi 

tJZ/^S^^^J^^I^J^ rSingof,thatweshouWfaiwitness- 

^^^^^^^^T^Zf. ingwia our own eyes, a horrible mur. 

jwr folee, tne very mentaon of your name , » « , .««^* JL /ux- .».•. i«*«.« ->* 

-•hanoSieto dil^ her heartWith .ful- ^^' Such rant as this can have no 

nm which defies her tongue to utter, but tendency but to create Miroiaon m 

ipcab by the tokens of a swhnming eye» those, who hear a man of gpganUc 

«dda^ hands, and fervent cgacohukms stature," and with a beard on his chin, 

tsHcan&uponyovrheadl Nolesseo- we suppose, uttering it. Does Mr Ir- 

pnai acknowledgment to Ood, the avthor ving mean to sav, tnat he himself sees 

•foBrwdl4)cuigandthe'ihtherofoiirbeU thb Sun and tne green fidds every 

t9bope9,oug^twetofedwhenhisWoid jay with the same emotion, where^ 

Moitth to M the excesses of hb iof«. ^^ ^ ^^^ suddenly ddiveied from 

^^^t^^^^l^^^ blindness, opens his eyes upon the 

te »m ow favour yetoLimot»t as the These are just the sfct of things that 

^oice of the dmnder, and ovmowering aa Whitfield dealt in-^they .are by no 

4e reshmg of many wmten. And thou^ means adapted for being printed. But, 

dttvcO of die (htuTC intervene between oar to be sure, the book is meant fbr '< the 

knd and the promised goods, still aie they imaginative dasses." 
ftwD His lips, who speaks and it is done, Noting can be more painfhl than 

•Joeommaads and all thmgs stand fast, quoting, ior the absurdity of language 

WWii^kuemoiUm,iher^e,ihomUiM$ J^ gtyfe, passages wUA, of course, 

•wfcfcyitcrf, <*«»^iAJ''»^J;iJ*f contain much aerious matter fat 

f^S?Sr'r'!!^Z^Z^!'Z^ thought : but it must be done. We 

^^Z%Z^' fZilZT^A wwtto prove the servile Chdmerian. 

cllSiSr^r^^ ism of Irving; and we think if we 

vlMh m'hathiiot seen, nor ear beaid, quoted no more, the jdlowiqg would 

>KdM heart of man conceived. bo enoiigh for our purpose. 

•'*8«eavoiceP We have heard of pigs seehig the whid before, but fiiis is new. 

^* MttWnkf tbt f <» V f ^t w*«r of 
fallen into the yeUov leaf. Of your poeta 
wbidi charm die woild*6 ear, who is he 
that inditeth a song unto his God ? Some 
will tune their haips to sensual pleasurety 
and by the enchantment of their genius, 
veil nigh commend their uuholy theme* to 
the Unagkuitiou ofiainU,* Others, to the 
high and noble sentiments of the heart, 
wm sing of domestic joys and hi^py unions, 
caating around ionow the radiancy of vir* 
tue, and bodying fbrth, in undying forms, 
the short-lived visions of joy. Others have 
earolled themselves iSbthigh''priut$ ofmut€ 
Naiure*s charms^ emchanti»g her echoa 
wUh their minitrelty^ and peopling her so- 
litudes with the bri^t creatures of their 
fancy. But when, since the days of the 
blind master of English song, hath any 
poured forth a lay worthy of the Christian 
fherae ?-^ Nor in philosophy, * die palace 
of the soul,* have been more mindful of 
theb Maker. The flowers of die garden 
and the herbs of the field have their on* 
pearled devotou^ owssing the ocean, way- 
fiuinp in the desert, ana making devout 
pilgrimages to every region of nature, for 
offerings to their patron mute. The rocks, 
from their residences among the clouds to 
their deep rests in the dark hovels qf the 
earthy hive a most bold and venturous 
priesthood; who see in their rough and 
Jtintyfices a more ddectdble image to adore 
than in the reveaied countenance of God, 
And the political wel£ue of the world is « 
vary Motodi, who can at any time eom- 
nsand his hecatomb of human victims. 
But the revealed M|»jefictf of Ood, to which 
the harp of David and the prophetic lyre 
of Isaiah were strung, the prudence of 
God which the wisest of men coveted after, 
preferring it to every gift which Heaven 
could confer — and the eternal Intelligence 
himself in human fbrm, and the unction 
of the Holy One which abideth, — these the 
common heart of man hadi forsaken, and 
refaaed to be charmed wMiaL 

«* I testify, that diere asoeodeth not ftom 
earth a Hosaanah of her ehUdren to bear 
witness in the ear of the upper regions, to 
the wonderful manifestations of her God I 
From a few scattered hamlets, in a small 
portion of her wide^rritory, a small voice 
ascendeth like the voice of one crying in 
the wilderness. But to the service of our 
general Preserver there is no conoourse, 
IroA Dan unto Beersheba, of our pe<mle ; 
the greater part of whom, after two thoo- 
aand vens of apoalolic commisaion, know 
not the testimonies of onrGod; and the 

Tht Rmh Mr Itvm^t OMinmi. 


wfltitiide of those \rbo do» tejeet ordft- 

'* But to return from this la mentati im^ 
which may God hear, who doth not di«^ 
gard the cries of his afflicted people P &c. 

More consummate a^ectation — unjve 
babyish tinsel, were never; we ventuze 
to say, invented for the benefit of the 
'' imaginative dasses." We confess^ 
that^ r^arding the last sentence as 
part of a printol book> and of a boalL 
written solely and expressly to be 

{irinted, there is something to us real* 
y all but blasphemous in the combi- 
nation of its phrases. The sermon 
concludes thus :— 

*^ Mistake us not, for we steer in a nar- 
row, very narrow channel, with rocka of 
popular prejudice on every side. While 
we thus mvocate to the reading of the 
Word, the highest strains of the human 
soul, mistake us not as derogating frooi 
the office of the Spirit of God. Far be it 
tnm any Ciiristian, mndiforther fromanj 
Christian pastor, to withdraw fiom God 
the honour which is everjrwhere his due, 
but there, most of all his due, where the 
liuman mind laboured alone for thousands 
of years, and laboured with no success-^ 
viz. the regeneration of itself, and its re- 
storation to the lost semblance of the Di- 
vinity. — Oh ! let him be reverently inqui- 
red after, devoutly waited on, and most 
thankfolly acknowledged in every step of 
progress fWnn the soul's fresh awakening 
out of her dark oblivious sleep — ev^i to 
her ultimate attainment upon earth, and 
fon aooompliahment for heaven. And that 
there may be a f^er choir of awakened 
men to advance his honour and glory here 
on earth — and hereafter in heaven above-^ 
let the saints bestir themselves like anods, 
and the ministers of religion like arcMait. 
gels strong ! — And now at length let us 
have a demonstration made oi aD that b 
noble in thought, and genotms in acdoo, 
and devoted in piety, for bettirring this le- 
thargic age, and breaking the ban£ of heD, 
and redeonhie die whole world to the ser- 
vice of its God and King I 

^< As He doth know this to be the desire 
and aim of the preceding discourse, so may 
he prosper it to the salvation of many souls, 
that to his poor servant, covered over with 
iniquities, may derive the forgiveness and 
honour of those who turn many from dark- 
ness to light, and firom the power of Sa- 
tan to the service of the living God.**:( 

* Does he mean Don Juan ? f Have you fbigotGowpec? 

t The verb i^rkv is eonstan^ used bv Mr Irving in this tottify obsolete ^«.i.«._w« 
presume itlhigcft aia GaUowgatum. IB like tMte, he oAs^t talks about '^soula'* b*. 
mg^<wrqpt,*'wfa8n^henMBaing is nyif. Why not vr^pteivtoo? And this is die man 
wluiwiU preach laniKibedj hut GioM«Mrho wiU write for nslbody but die «' Icatned 
md nnaginative.*' 


Tke Bev. Mr Irmn^$ OraGont, 



' Now St kngth r ta if , ftnooth^ the 
oondiuioD of Mr Irving^s first printed 
sntnon were to be ft new en in the 
history of Christian England! 

The following passage is another at- 
tempt at the soaring style of Chalmenu 
We confessj we have heard the Doctor 
speak things not much less wildly 
worded; but most certainly he has 
never printed any thing quite so bad in 
that way. 

** Obey the Scriptures or yoa poish.— 

Yaa may despise me hoooar done yon by 

the Majesty abore, yon may spam the so* 

fCRKB^ of Almighty €Km, yoa may re- 

Toli nom creatioQ's univenal mle, to bow 

befbveits Ctealor, and stand in momentavy 

idNlUon against bis oidina&esB I luto?er- 

luei of mercy yoa may cast contempt oo^ 

and emciiy afrofa the royal perttmagf who 

beitfs tbcm ; and you may riot in your li- 

emioiis liberty for a wfaila, and make game 

ef lua indulgence and loDg.«ii£fering. Bui 

mme^ Igngtk UwiBf when Revenge thaB 

em^ hene^io gojbf^^ tnui jinguMA thou 

attend hgr^ amdfrvim the toheelt of their cha^ 

rwtndnmuldUmt^ thaB ^oot far and wide 

among the enenUet of the IBng, fvhote deto- 

h&m thaB not tarry t and whote dettructiont 

at the wing of the whirlwind, thaUhetw^-^ 

kapdeat <u the conchmon ^eternity arid the 

Ttvernon of doom. Then around €iejlery 

concave or the watteful pU^ the clang A 

grief shall ringy and ihe^inty heart which 

Rpdled tender mercy thaU strike ittfingt 

iaio its proper bosom ; and the tqft and 

gentle spirit which diaaolved in voluptuout 

pleasures, shall diflaolve in weeping torrowt 

mod ouihurtting lamentationt ; and the^aj^ 

^lory of time SHALL defakt; and sportful 

Rbcrty shall be bound for ever in the chain 

ot obdurate necessity. The green earthy 

with aU her Uooming beauty^ and bowers 

of peace, shall depart. The morning 

and evening salutations of kinsmen shall 

DEPART, and the ever-velcome voice of 

friendship, and the tender whispering of 

fuU-hearted (\fectiony shall depart, 

£or the tad discord of weeping and wailing, 

and gnashing of teeth. And the tender 

names of chi&ren, and father and mother, 

and wife and husband, with the communion 

ti domestic love, and mu/tMi/ affection, and 

the inward touches of natural instinct, 

whichytfini/y compact^ when uninvadedby 

discord, WRAPS die live-long day into one 

smeB of tender emotion^ making earth*s 

towly scenes worthy of heaven itself— All, 

aU shall pass away; and, instead, shall 

come the level lake that bumeth, and the 

loBtary dungeon^ and the desolate bosom, 

tod the throes and toasings of honor and 

hopeUasness, and the worm thatdieth not, 

and the fire that is not quenched. 

^^'Tiswritten, 'tis wntten, *tis sealed of 
heaven, and a few years shall reveal it alL 


it is even so to happen to IIk 
of holy writ." 

What hammering of epithets! what 
conglomerationof i^res I— whathelp- 

less pOlupniOlSDOlOBbtu I 

ne greater part of the Tolnme la 
occupied with " For Judgment to 
come, an Argument in Nine Fttrta/' 
It is plentifully garnished with duleia 
et<Mi of the same kind with tbme but 
really we can see Midiinff that doKnreB 
the name of novelty > either in the goi- 
neral strain, or in the particular flltb- 
trations of the aigument ; and fhere- 
ibre we shall not atpresent occupy our 
readers with it. We have no sort of 
doubt, that many of the sections might 
produce a very considerable elfect^ if 
powerfully dehTered Arom the pulpit 
— and we have no doubt, diat many 
of the people, who are accustomed to 
sermon-reading, may be pleased widb 
them also as a variety— but as for this 
being the sort of thing to introduce 
relig^oua reading into faTonr among 
new, andj forsooth, higher classes of 
readers— (we deny that the higher 
classes are less religiously disposed, or 
less acquainted with the literature of 
religion, than anv others— ^e say this 
once for all)— the Rev. Edward Ir^ 
ving must excuse us, if we totally di& 
fbrnom him. 

We must not, however^ omit to 
state very seriously, that although we 
make no objections to the general 
strain of Mr Irring's theology— we 
think it is extravagant, but we let that 
pass fbr the present— we do think 
there is a tone of bold levity, perhaps 
not meant to be such, in very many of 
what he probably conceives to be 
among his moat feUdtons and original 
passages throughout this Argument, 
which we are sure can have no ten- 
dency, except to excite great and un- 
necessary disgust; more especially 
among those classes of persons, for 
whom bis work has been, according 
to his own story, got up. Chalmers, 
his master, has been lauded till all the 
world is well nigh nauseated, for his 
courap in illustrating the mysteries 
of religion, by examples and allusions 
of a sublunar and mmiliar character. 
Be it so, that Dr Chalmers has often 
done something of tins kind with 
^eat and praise- worthy success. But 
if so^ the reading of Mr Irving's book 
has certainly impressed us very deep- 
ly with a sense of the extreme aelicaer 
requisite in the use of this style, ana 

U9 The Rev. Mr tnmig'i Orvtitma. Z^ng. 

o€lDS<MrIf9aig'ft)pvBfoiuidiaafi^ ^mi^ ■ltfc<»tii w wwie not faiitnnmtitil 

a r to appreciate tbe camtitl dte* ti> the fall. God lookt iumq qur cue, ana 

tka of dMt ivlaeh be haa 80 raakly doth not hinder it Uehath Mntarcme. 

imitated, and ao unhMMnly orentep- t^^ ^^ by fwthejiyater portion of mm 

ped. It is in contempZui^ bia mJ- 5!!S ST^i'TS "ll^ ^'*!^^ Sf 

eat and moet impenetrable myatenea, oonterts of nratual miwry and destmetion, 

^wbicbtbe neatest and the wiaeat oi^re«edby thewilfiUnewofmiglemen. 

of men and of dinnea hare ever turn- at whose plearare they aivboa^t and lold, 

ed tbeur modeat ^ea, tbat we have nnpiiioned, and put to dfltofa, wkbout 

been continuaUy and painfblly remind- knowledge of better things to. come, or 

ed oftbe tmtb of the saying—'' Tbat cbesvAa bmof any redress of wrong. AH 

Ibola niah in wfaeie aogda fear to fi»r what ? fto the sin of our first gnat pa- 

tread." His speenlationa upon the in- ^^ «~ whom we had no eoottol; ka 

taffmediateatateof^aouir-^pantbe *!!S!L!2!*S^^^!f.?^**" 

of the DAT or ^^^Tl^n^j^ SL'^K^LLS^ 

nerbape, moat of all, hia minute and f^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ so for as it ia 

labonred diaqnisitiona upon die pre- reoQided in the tm pn ^f of natiooa, I fed 

ciae nature of the tormenta of bell, « ^irSnfcwpg tenor of the stcmncas of 

haye not merely disgusted ua aa spe- Him in whose hands the government 

dmena of the moat outrageoua bad rests. The worid hath been a voj fior- 

taste, ignoranee of the dutiea of bia nace of hot and morderous pasiinns, a 

ph5? ff mid calling, and extravagant seething vessel of blood« which tiath novo 

aelf-eoDceit— bat they have really nsted, but smoked to heaven in vain. Even 

ahoek^ ua aa ao maBT Wea of ^^u^ still, after the gieatpropdation and atone- 

mhenm. When vf« tlunVS^the deli- nj«t ^w the world's sins, it never reateth- 

^^'a Z^^^.^^HL^n^^!L ^^^^7 day men are hnmolatfd upon a 

^^/S^ff^'T^Sf uf^ r Wo3y al4, and their onahrived IJwta 

W8oftheBngliabchurch,fcapmroaA. ««iniostdespeimte moods mtocte^iity. 

ing the vary outdarts of these mrbid- Wickedness rag^mincescombineagainst 

den regions, and then turn to thia the Loid and his Anointed, they fil<£ the 

young and very impcfffectlv educated sacred anthority of Ood, they idant their 

man, and observe with what vutonr scomfiil ibot upon the neckof noUe na- 

and rejoidng audacity he treads me tions, and they de<y the tears and groana 

ground that a Hooker, a Taylor, a of millions to melt their stony hearts. Oh, 

Bvrow would have trembled to oontap. myOodl when win tUs have an end? 

mimite, by the footatep of even the t^t^^^^^^^^^ 

moatenUgitenedg^^ SSTVS wh^JTlSk*^^ 

<»rfeehn» Thelxmsh arose, /, /or on*?, cakkot doubt <jf«*4f 

the satisfied ab<fft-aighlednesa^e uw ,,ft,i«%*# Aroe ^c*ar«cter to cany an^ 

reverent free-and-eaavwofda,pbraaeih thing intoS^H If Oodc»ieari#< with 

and imagea, which thia person exhi- ' such a blighted region and tormented 

bita in many passages of the sort we people under his government, why may he 

have indicate^ would probaUy do not also exUt in the knowledge omd per* 

more harm to an elegant and imagina- miuion of heU% Tragedies as deqi as 

tive mind, kbouring under the weight \^ «~ consumtaating everv day under 

of doubt, than aU the open and avow- ^^Jj<^ ^e, and d^ds of d^rfaiess, Ibia 

ed protoitiea of a thouaand atheista. ■• ^ P*'.*~«f?*? "> highest places imh 

foUoiraig amde specimen, wd we whidi to Wow bla^hemyind crudiy^ 

abaU be heartily content to atand by ^ ^^i^ xhey nudcehis religion a vefl 

bia judgment of midnight, to darken the eye of reason, 

^^ The mercy and goodness of God need and deaden the free-born energies of man. 

not be lamded here, after what hath been Why. if hU nature be so soft, doth he al. 

written in the third part of this disooorse* knr these most shockinff sights for one in* 

But though ezceecUng great, and greatly stant ? and, allowing Uiem now, may he 

to be adored, and sufficient for the salva- not allow them hereafter ? 

tion of aQ the earth, these attributes do con- "-Do these omioft/^eiiMiMifffff now inuu 

sist with others of a firmer teztnre and a mne that the Divine nature is grieved, and 

sterner mood. Here are we, the sons of &s enjoyment overshadowed, by the enor. 

men, snfiWng daily pain, misery, and mito into whidi thb earth has broken 


Tke Beit. Mr Irmng'i OraiUms. 

loosef No! ntDMmt^aimreUatinmg 
AcarAitnr jjT M^r« wfaleh is net traubltd by 
aaj tmm f r o vac at htu. It Is bound in 
buds of otcnnty and nndymgobkncM. 
It givcdi Uw, ind Tcjoioedi in the ezecu- 
tioo of law. It giTedi one law of blessed- 
ncas to xighteoasness, another law of mi* 
mrj to rin ; and it it pleased and tat^fed 
vkA heth. For, each is equally needful 
to die wdfaie of the nniTerse; which 
HM w Vth hxp^t because with obedience 
eoneth all enjoyment and delight, with 
dhiitriilliiirn all misery and tribulation to 
its peo^ Th^ step across the drridbic^ 
Bne, asM a ilioasandpCTpleiities firom with* 
in, a thooaand troubles from widumt, in- 
vade their heretoibie untroubled bdng. 
And they are dipped qf by no active in- 
pd&m, ^ God, huiatU were By tke neeeS' 
wH^ tf tkeirnahiref to herd and congr^ate 
iriA epMte occur ted, Tliis may seeni, to 
toft and tender-hefted nature, a blemish in 
£e character of dod, and the construction 
of his creatmes. But seem bow it may to 
hnman nature, it is no less certain, and 
hadibeen erinced In the levy of angtit 
who wcso detruded ftom dieirseats in hea* 
vo to the bottomless pit, and too &tally 
efineed in all Adam*s posterity denounced 
fiweoeoltece. I wonder that w« should 
spfhilntft who are labouring under the fii- 
tal reality I The beings of another sphere, 
who retain theb constanor and enjoyment, 
may spfrmlat^ about the nmitations of di- 
vfaie infliction, and wonder to what lenj^fa 
Ood*s hatred of sin ma jT carry him against 
the soft intcveession of his mcvcy and good- 
ness, and when these two principles of his 
aaCaxe wiB come into equmbrium and find 
a resting place. But for us, who taste and 
know, who ted and suffisr, it is Tain to 
nee soch speculations against assurance, 
and to raise up tranquiUxang delusions of 
God*s nature against positifc reveilatlons of 
hb nature. 

^ Next to meet their philosophical no- 
doa, tiiat nSL punishment is for the reform 
matian of tlie offender ; howerer good it 
may be in human jurisprudence, it certain- 
ly is not die piindple of the divine pro- 
cedme, as that is to be gathered fiom whoi 
we know; in evidoicem which, I instance 
the condition of the i^Motate angds, who 
since dusP foil have not been visited by 
hope nor rriairarion of woe, but are ever 
Biged, sod ever to be urged, if Scrq>ture is 
Is Mbdieved, with excessive woe. Th^ 
were as good spirits as any other, as wea 
luntiated in thdr Creator*ii fovour aod 
a^aieed fn his confidence, and had as 
good and ^^tfo] a hold of his tender mer- 
cy. But there they liein chains of dark- 
nsss, dreeingditf everlasting penance of iln, 
whid^ when once it enters, deranges the 
inetiisneof happy natures for ever;-^ 
even as we often see a stroke of terrible ca- 
lamity dtfWfl^ for ever the organizaticni of 


reason and intelleet, wUflh no aoiseements 
of frienda or softening inflncnee of time 
shaflaftenraida restore. 8iBisrk|hdyeGn- 
csived of, not -by. coBopwiaon wwi cfimea 
mrainnt human law«- that mav be wined 
away by a suitable forfi^ but iriien it is 
imagined to bring along with it an irreme- 
diaUe fall; Gm*s provinces would not 
otherwise be secure, but always under 
calms and storms, like our habitation. 
Therefore, to insure the felicity of the 
whole, the part is sacrificed. Where nn 
comes, it weeds the creaturo out ftom his 
place, and transplanta liim into sinfdl re- 
gions, whero he can have Mt humour gro* 
tjfitd ai Ut proper etpentOt 

*' Man is an exception certainly to this 
rule of steadfost and immovable conditiona 
proceeding from sin. But, that it is the 
exceplion which confirms the rule is most 
manifest, from the terrible power of an 
Almi^^ Being, which was necessary to 
wrenoi us from the grasp of our enemy 
back again into hope ; from the steps that 4 
had to be taken in the courts above, and 
the exhibition that had to be made in the 
world beneath, beforo recovery was even 
possible. And see, with all the sacrifice 
and suffering, by how slow degrees reco- 
very comes about, how few have partaken 
of it, and with how much chance of failuro 
it is surrounded ; what a stru^le, what a 
trial is involved in the sslvatton of any 
single man I Which all serves to shew how 
hard it was to win man back from under 
the' curse that is engraven on all creation 
against sin ; and how, with alt the inters 
vention of Christ Jetutt there hat only, as it 
Vfere, dawned on ut the morning ttr^htf a 
dmf, which a thoiuond vidtritudet nuuf oDer- 
cast and utterly deface; it is but a star of 
hope that hath peoed diro^gh the sorrow- 
Mdoom, unto whidi, if we take stead- 
fost need, the day will ^wn, and the day- 
star arise upon our hearts-.Jbut if not, then 
double danmess and tenfold dumay will 
cover us for evermore^ 

<* The true character of Sin, therrfore, I 
hold, both by the example of the repro- 
bate angels and the history of man*s re- 
demption, is, that it brings with it irreme- 
diable conclusions. The Saviour's power- 
fol arm hath, as it were, made a little dear 
space around us for holy action, and 
ooened a bore m the tdoudy heaoent 
through which the light of restoration 
may come in upon the hopeless earth. 
And this illuminated q>ot shins about aod 
about upon the face ot the earth, and a 
thousand angels of darimess aro aye en- 
deavouring to tearfup the bright tign of 
mercy in me heavens. Oh I &ey grudge 
ut to much won Jron% their rightfiU domi- 
man ooer a tk^vlplacey and it it a fear- 
rvL sratTGGLE which the power of the Spi" 
rit of God ha^ to maintain againtt them* 

Thtsfcmtimt h owi mg fii' tkmr oum,lihe 
woket ^lathtmebeeH toaredjrom tkeit pngr. 
Wken <*0 damn vititB anoiker regkm, th^ 
mim eom m & t im u to thui U <mt Tkrone$ 
tktff poih tmttot iMr biack bmmen, and 
pnnc^ximet under their ^ntigH ^ dark- 
neuifahe relighn mahef them drunk with 
Ae cup cf her abominaticmSf and they ruih 
^tU tqxm the tervantt <f the Lard like m- 
camate demons from the pit. SSn is the 
lord of this earth, and grudgeth hard to give 
ttt) what he won in the/atal garden,** 

^« What may be in the womb of €Umi* 
ty» I know not Whether th«e may be* 
visit paid to hell*t habitations by another 
' mighty to lave,' I know not. Whether 
there may be some other dispensations of 
mercy to the abject creatures whm this 
dispcaisation is fulfilled, another mal of 
the forloiD creatures, and another levy of 
righteous men carried after probation and 
sanctification to heaven, and so, dispensa- 
tion after dispensation, the numbers of the 
damned thinned and thinned, until at 
leagth they shall be all recovered— these 
thi^, there is not one shadow of revela- 
tion to induce the hope of, and therefore I 
declare It to be the most daring mvasion 
upon the prerogative of God, the most 
monstrous abuse of his gracious revelation, 
the most dangerous unloosing of its power 
over men, to set forth as certain, as pro- 
bable, or even as possible, such doctrues 
aa are wont to be set forth amongst us/* 
Mr Irving cannot^ *^ for oke, 


cha&acteb!!!"— -but no — we leave 
an thlB entirely without comment. 
If other people can read such thii^ 
without pdmul ttdinfft, we oertain- 
W cannot If indi ap^nlations are 
tne proper materials for addreBsee to 
Christian congreg a tions, assemble 
chiefly (which your thundering popu- 
lar pulpit orators are so very apt to 
ibrget^ ^ the purpose of worships 
ping their Maker, we are entirely mis- 
taken in all our views as to these mat- 
ters. We have no doubt, a parcel of 
servant girls and apprentices may prick 
up their ears when they hear such un- 
wonted topics startedj and go home 
with great satisfiiction, after hearing a 
few paragraphs exploded about themes, 
the praper discussion of which is not 
mudi nrther beyond their own un- 
derstandine than that of their orade — 
we wilHn^^y believe that all this mav 
be so ; but we do not believe, that sucn 
a choice of themes, fhr less such a 
method of treating them, is at all 
adapted for conciliating the favour of 
** the more learned," or even of " the 
more imaginative dasses." Fine ladies 

n$ Rfv. Mr Irjringft Omiom. tiA3%, 

and gentlemen wOl do mudi for ifae 
Bske of a stare. They will take their 
stare and have done. We venture t6 
pronhesy that we shall hear very little 
of Hatton-Garden Chapel after the 
long vacation. 

We have said these things in no 
^irit of unkindiiess towards Mr Ir- 
vmg. He is young — and he is clever 
—and he may change his plan, and do 
Ux better things hereafter. We sin- 
aonely hope it may be so. But we 
must hint in conclusion, that if, in- 
stead of giving advice as to the choice 
and management of sulrjects in (he 
composition of sermons, to such a di- 
vine as Mr Gordon of £dinbur|ii, 
(which he so coolly does in the dedi- 
cation of his argument to that cleKy- 
man,) he himself would condesoena to 
imitate a little of that modestv for 
which Mr Gordon, in the midst at real 
learning and real elo^enoe, is so ho* 
noorably distinguished, it m%fat be 
much bettor for his own congregation^ 
to say nothing of his own character. 
Mr Gordon is a man of profound at- 
tainments in the exact sdences— but 
his habits qf dose reasoning are not 
found tf) impair the flow of his Chri&. 
tian zeaL He is naturally an orator — 
a true orator — and yet his feeling of 
the vastness and mystetiouaness of 
the arcana of Hieoloffy, aaakea him 
weU oratent to keep ms dmtery for 
man, and ^ae doings of man. Such 
an example might be held in view 
sometimes, with great advanti^, by 
Dr Chalmers himself— but to see this 
raw and affected imitator of the Chal- 
merian vein, so entirely overlooking 
that example-Hsay, to see him capable 
of the unheard-of aud^ty of givingad* . 
vice to the eminent person mo seta it 
-—this is really almost ttioa^ to make 
one abut Mf Irving'a book for ever, 
with fodings less ben^^ than we 
should wish to entertain towards any 
man who we are bound tq bdieve 
means well, however mistaken the cast 
of Ids exertions may be. 

We have a very few words to say 
in rather a lighter strain, ere we dose 
this artide— -but we hope Mr Irving 
will not £Bdl into the error of 8i;^po» 
sing that we have not been vciy aoi* 
OQs, merdjr because he finds us dis* 
misamg hnn in the end not with a 
fWiwn, but with a smile. 

To come to ^ matter at once, 
then, the most novd thing of whidi 
this book of sermons can boast, is, id*- 
ter all, a thing not worthy ^ being 



The Rev. Mr Irinngs Orations. 


tteated m a terj aerious tone. It it 
neitlier more nor less than the occa- 
moDtl admixture of remarks upon li- 
tenrj subjects, and particularly the 
HteraturedTourowndav. Our preach-* 
€T, for example, several times apostro* 
phiies Lord Bjron, as " Woe-be^ne> 
&llen man/' &c. &c &c, and calls 
liim and Moore " Priests of the Cy- 
prian Goddess/' (rather a queer sort 
of alloston, by the way, from a Chris- 
tian preacher,)— and we donbt not all 
this, however trite it would have ap« 
peared in a weekly paper, or monthly 
magasine, might be amusing from the 
H^tton-Gardeu pulpit. We have also 
a formal eulogy of two pages upon 
WOTfUworth, for which, no doubt, the 
aathor of the Excursion will be ex* 
ceedingly grateful to the author of so 
many Orations and Arguments. But 
one passage there is which we cannot 
think of not quoting. The orator has 
been lamenting over the fact, that the 
Knglish nation posKsses no great poem 
upon the sul^ect of the Day of Judg* 
meat, (a sul^ect, by the way, which we 
hope no man more a poet than Mr Ir«« 
▼ing himself, will ever be so rash aa 
to meddle with,) and then he breaks 
out into the Allowing paragraph : 

^ Instead of which mighty fhiit of ge- 
thts age (Oh, ghocUng !) hath pro- 
l out «f this theme two fnottnanwout 
m»/bnmcdabortioHSt vUe^ unprincipkdf 
and mmmegnmg — the one a hrazem'facei 
fieee of folitical canit the other an abamm 
domed parody of iolemn judgment. Of 
which visionaries, I know not whether the 
sel/«ccpnfident tone of the one, or the ill- 
placed merriment of the other, dispkast^th 
MM, die more. It is ignoble and impious 
to rob die sublimest of subjects of all its 
ir and eflbct, in order to serve 
interests and vulgar passions. / 
tfmpothv with tuck ttt etched staffs 
mmd J deipise the age which hatJt. The 
■nen are timiUd in their facuUiesy Ibr they, 
both of thcm^ want the greatest of all fa-- 
coltiefr— to know the living God and stand 
^ awe of his mighty power ; with the oae, 
^laephcmy it virtue when it maket for 
toyaity ; with the other, hhuphemy it the 
jibd and MpUx of je»t-mdking. Baerek 
SOULS I — and Is the land of Shakn>eare 
and Spenser and Milton come to this! that 
it can procreate nothing but such profttne 
jj w i iiw, and ia content to exalt inch blots 
aaad blfloniahes of manhood into omsments 
oC the age ? Pomt age ! when religion 
and virtue and manly freedom have ceased 
fiooi the character of those it accounteth 
noble. But I thank Ood, who hath given 
ttt a refuge in the great spirits of a £»rmer 
Vol. XIV. 

age, who win yet ivteit the scaplve fron 
these moogrel Englishmen ; from whese 
impieties we can betake ourselves to the 
^ Advent to Judgment,* of Taylor ; the 
< Four Last Things,* of Bates ; the ' Bless- 
edness of the Righteous,* of Howe ; and 
the *• Saint*s Rest,* of Baxter; books which 
breathe of the reverend spirit of the olden 
time. God send to the others repentance, 
or else dlast the powers they have abuxcd so 
ierHbly ; far if they repent not, they shaU 
hatp another strain at that scene they have 
sought to vulgarize. The tntan have seat" 
•d Uiemadves in his dnone of judgment^ 
to vent from thence doggrel spleen and in^* 
Hpid/atterp ; the impious men have no 
more ado with the lioly seat than the 
obscene owl hath, to nestle and bring forth 
itd the ^irk of-ihe Covenant^ which the wings, 
of the chertMm of glory did overshadow.** 

Now, really the worthy Laureate 
meets with very scanty charity here 
from thisgreatpreacher to the imagina'' 
live classes. We grant that his hexame^ 
ters are lame, and that the whole a& 
fair is wretched as a poem, although 
it certainly does contain some passages 
which it would be well for Mr Ir« 
ving's hearers, if JVIr Irving could ap- 
proach within a hundred miles of, in 
nis moments of happiest inspiration* 
But to call soch a man and such a poet 
" vUe/' '* unprincipled," *' profane,** 
** bla^emous," ** mongrel,' " impi« 
ons>" &C. and to threaten him wiUi 
harping in hell, on account of his '^ Vi- 
sion of Judgment" — Why, really, we 
cannot read this without echoing the 
meek-souled Mr Edward Irving's own 
^acttlation, "Oh/ shocking J" 

To be serious once more— and just 
for a moment — Mr Edward Irving^ 
when he mentions, in or out of hia 
pulpit, such a person as Mr Southey, 
might really do well to remember what 
Southey is, and what Irving is. What 
are the ideas suggested by the mere 
names of the two men ? Grant that 
we may be allowed to consider Tho 
Vision of Judgment as an indifferent 
poem — ^Well — Paradise Brained is, as 
a whde, an indifferent poem— some of 
Shakespeare's plays are indifferont-r 
many of Wordsworth's poems, many 
of Scott*s poems, many of B^ons 
poems, are, compared with their best 
efforts, indifferent — But are these men 
the less Milton, Shakespeare, Words- 
worth, Scott, Byron, Southey, because 
they have written some indifferent 
poems ? The question is not, whether 
such a man as Southey has written one 
indifferent book, but whether he has 

1 62 The Re^f. Mr Irving' s OrtUioks. C-^og. 

not written many adnurable books — a measure of aelf-conoeit and •elf-lg- 

books which belong to the classical lite- norance — such a total negation of dif- 

rature of England — books which bear fidence and of delicacy, to say no more 

the impress of original and masterly about the matter, inspires us with 

genius — books which live, and which many doubts as to Mr Irving — doubts 

cannot die ? This is the true ques- of rather a more serious nature than 

tion ; and it being answered in the af- we are at present disposed to enlarge 

firmatlTe, as it must be by every man mpon. 

who knows anything whatever about Such are our serious feelings in re- 
our literature and our poetry — ^by everr gard to this base outrage upon the de- 
man who has ever had head enough eorum of the pulpit, and the rights of 
and heart enough to understand a single genius and virtue. Nevertheless, ta- 
page of such works as Thalaba, that king a lower, and perhaps a more suit^ 
exquisite etherial romance— or the life able view of this Mr Irving^s ease, and 
of Nelson, that specimen, of chaste and considering him merely as a young ad- 
nervous biography— ^that gem of Eng- venturer, who wants to make a noise^ 
lish patriotism— or the sublime poem we certainly do not advise him to de-^ 
of Roderick— in a word, by every man rast from seasoning his discourses with 
who knows anything at all about what Mterary allusions and personalities. He 
Mr Southev has done — This being an- may depend upon it, that the more per- 
sweied in tne affirmative, and it being sonal ms allusions are, the more ailu- 
Bioreover remembered, that Mr Sou- ring and delectable will they be found 
they is not only one of the very first by '' the more learned, imaginative^ 
ordier of Hving scholars and authors in and accomplished classes ;" and he is 
En^and — ^inmsputably so— but that probably sufficiently aware already, 
he M also, ** his enemies themselves that there is no vehicle in which they- 
beiag judges," a man who has through may be more safely and conveniently^ 
a life, not now a short one, discharged conveyed to such classes, than the Ser-^ 
every social and moral duty of an Eng- mon — we beg pardon — the OraUon. 
Ksh OENTLBMAK, wltb uuiform and Why not review Don Juan in that 
exemplary propriety — All this being form? We venture to promise a crowd- 
kept m mind — and it being also kept ed auditory of both Whigs and To- 
in mind, that Mr Edward Irving is a ries, matrons and maids, the day for 
Tonng, raw Scotch dominie^ who pro- which that Oration is announced. Let 
bably never sat in the same parlour for th^ clerk read the extracts, if Mr Ir— 
five minutes with any man worthy of ^ng feds fatigued. He really has had 
tying the latchets of Mr Southey's the merit of hitting upon one good 
siloes— a person who has done nothing new idea ; and by all means let nim 
as yet, and who very probably never make the most of it. And, by the 
will do anything, that can entitle him way, since he has laid aside altogether 
to any place at all in the higher ranks die name of sermon, why keep up the 
•f intellect — a vain green youUi, drunk farce of sticking texts fVom tne Bible 
with the joy of a noi^I, and, in all to the beginning of his productions? 
likelihood, a very transitory notoriety It would be well, we think, to try the 
^All these things, we say, bdng'calm- effect of a neat litUe text from some 
ly had in mind, and this precious pa- popular work of the day. — ^^ In the 
ragraph read over again, we really do Book of Blackwood, in volume die 

not hesitate to say, that we cannot con- , page the , column the se- 

ceive of there being more than one opi- cond, and there the first paragraph,^ 

nion as to who is the most dauntlessly you will find it written," &c. This 

and despicably arrogant person now li- would certainly produce a sensadoa 

▼ing in England. We confess that such among the more imaginative classes^ 


1893.;] A ViiU to Spain in 1822 and 1823. 163 


This is a manly and Intelligent ac- might have home to their templa of 

coant of the remarkahle pro^edings victory, this work of jpeaee would have 

which drew the general eye on Madrid outshone them all. The most elorioua 

and the South of Spain during the lat* record of their triumph would have 

ter part of 1822, and the commence- been a charter, securing liberty to all 

ment of 1823. The Journal occupies ranks of the generous population of 

only seven months, but those were seven Spain. 

months of revolutionary and royalist The return of Ferdinand extinguish- 

agitation — ^perhaps the most stirring ed the Cortes — a iGseble, ignorant, and 

political period that had happened to corrupt cabal, who deffwSsd the name 

Spain since the suppression of the of patriots and of statesmen. The po- 

Cbrtes hj Charles the Fifth. The agi- polaoe, disgusted with faction, huzsaed 

tation of the Peninsular war bore tne after Uie King's wheels, as he drove 

character of the time ; it was warlike, oyer Ae mutiUted body of this char« 

a great swell and heave of popular in- latanisra. No m&n in Spun was found 

d^ation against a national enem y — a public-spirited enough to demand fVee« 

noble and vindicatory revolt of human dom for the nation, or wise enough to 

nature against a fraudulent, insulting, propose a rational scheme of freedom, 

and homicidal tyranny. The pressure Thus the great chance was cast away* 

of this sapreme natred and abhorrence A prejudiced King on the one side, aa 

crashed all the little local influences unadvised people on the other — the 

for the time ; — a great combat was to throne without a heart, and the people 

be fought, from whose muster nothing without a head — all the elements were 

could be spared for petty passions ana nrepared that wreck nations. To minds 

individual objects ; and in the vigour looking on those things from that dis« 

of this universal feeling, as in the con- tanoe of place and feeling, which al- 

fidence and leading of a sign from lows of the truest political view, Spain 

Heaven, Spain conquered. was on the ?erge of convulsion. 

But the fall of Napoleon was to Spain The revolt of the troops decided the 

what the ruin of Carthage was to Rome, question, and those miUtarv legidiatom 

In the loss of that salutary terror, it virtually made a cypher of the crown, 

lost the great teacher of those virtues But, once again, the apathy of the na- 

which are the food and spirit of na^- tional character became tne national 

tional eminence, and, in their own good safeguiurd. The army conquered the 

season, of solid, prosperous tranqujlU-> Bang, and then restea on its arms. A 

ty. They ihougnt their task was end- knot of dty politicians, refugees, and 

ed, when it was scarcely more than be« mendicants, took up the game, when 

goB. The expulsion of the French the men of the plume and the bayonet 

should have been hailed, not as the had fallen asleep beside the IxMird. 

ngnal of rest, but of labour unincum- The terrors of a military struggle 8ub« 

bored, free to choose its ground, and sided into the squabbles of the gown ; 

putting its hand to the plough with and Spain, by nature vand habit the 

the nerve of recent success. A consti- enemy of France and Republicanism, 

tution, founded on the ancient forms saw itself governed under the name of 

of the country, with whatever of utili- national freedom by the code of a Pa- 

ty and civilized fitness there was to be risian Democracy, 

fimnd in the wisdom of modem times. Our first curiosity is of course ex^ 

oo^t to have been the first and the cited, like that of the writer, to see the 

honest work of. the noblest minds of forms of this atnuige legidation. 

Spain. Whatever spoils of battle they *^ One of the fint places to which I bent 

* A visit to Spain, detailing the Transactions which occurred during a Rendenee in 
that Country in the Latter Part of 1822, and the first Four Months of 1823. With an 
Account of the Removal of the Court from Madrid to Seville ; and Gensial Notices of 
the Manners, Customs, Costume, and Music of the Country. By Michael J. Qain« 
Barrister at Law, and Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. Hvn^ Robiiiaon» 
and Co. London ; and A. Constable and Co. Sdinburgh. 1823. 

16i A rua t0 Spain in 1939 and 192S. lAxig. 

my Bteps was the Hall of the Cortes. It Genius and Honour, stand at tiie sides of 

is of an oval form, and has very much of the throne, and idur«4he cardinal Tir- 

a scenic appearance. The throne is at one tues— are placed, t^o at each side, hnver 

extremity. It oonnsts of a chair of state, down. There are aflbced to the wall se- 

supported by two brense gik lions ; ths yeral marble slabs, on which are written, 

back is composed of staodaids, made in the jn letters of gold, the names of AlvareaB, 

form of the Roman /a#c^*. On Che top is jj, p^ijj Acevedo, D. Luis Daois, D. 

idaced a Baronial helmet, adorned with • p^j^ Velardo, D. Juan Diei Poriier, 

large ostrich feather, which dro<^s oyer j^ ^^^ j.^ ^^ p, Mariano Alvmre«, 

the seat. Above the chair is the inscnp- .^ ^^ ^^^ distinguished themselves 

tion," Fernando VII. Padre de la pa. ^ ^^ ^^^^ foTlSerty. On th« 

"^M ?^" "^ ^^"^ °^ '?' chair ^eCary. ^ont of the lower gallery the thini ai^ 

atides, the one represcnung South Amen- ". , riJ^ ^ TT^- :.^.»sk^ 

ea, the other the ^eninsuli^ which support ^ f ^J.^* ConstotuUon is wsa*«^ :- 

aiquare canc^y. Ac. Thi throne i? de. ^ " The soTcreignty resides e«a»tially m 

Ti2d upon r/latform. One step below the nation, and ierefore to it Wongs «. 

this thelTis aL)ther platfenn, ^ w^icfa dustvely the right of makmg its fundamsa. 

ataads an oblong table, for the President »1 j*^** 

andsix8«(7etaricsoftheCortas. ThePie^ ' Spectators are not adnutted below 

sident sits with his back to the dirone, the the bar, nor into the space ai^iropriated 

Secretaries occupy the sides of tlie table, to the Deputies ; but they are amply 

At the end o^p<»ite to the President stands provided for in two large galleries, on9 

a silver crucifix. A small silver bcU is over the other, which are at the lower 

placed at his right hand, which he rings extremity of Uie hall, opposite to thQ 

when he fcek it ncce»ary to <all any of Uie t}^roiie. On the right dT the throne, 

members to order. Cop««^the flv^ge- y^^^ bfetween the floor and the 

^^^^^^^^:^^^^^^ !^*^ ceiUng, there is a tribune for the am- 
end bocto of authority, are anansed upOM iT^y' .; w *uu«iy »w m*«^ «« 
the lower end of the tiwe," Ac. bassadors, opposite to which is a timi^ 
*< There aee twenty-two benehee for "^ recess for the use of the omen eC 
the depatien, arranged in equal nambecs ^^^ guard attendant on the Cort«. In 
at each aide of the hall, cushioned ami the oenUal part of the haU, oearly o» 
covered with purple velvet. The floor ie a level with the floor, is a tnbune fof 
carpetted, and mats are phiced for the the ex-Deputies, into whid). the De- 
fect. A considerable segmesit of theovaL puties have the privily of introdi:^ 
is railed off lor the bai; the floor of which cing their friends. A similar tribiMK^ 
is covei:ed with green baize. In the cen- opposite to this, is occupied by the 
tee are two marble pedestal^ which sup- short^hand writers to the Cortes. It ip 
poet two large and beautiful bronze lions the duty of those gentlemen to tako 
couched. Those grasp in their fore-claw, down every word that is spoken, both 
a Uiick gilt rod, which is removed when in the public and the private meetings* 
the King goes to Cortes, but on no otlier AU this apparatus is now, we tiSe 
occasion. Below the bar are a lofty pak it for granted, abandoned to the use of 
of folding doors, through which his Ma- the moths, and other Spanish devastai- 
jesty, the royal fiimily, and the officers of tors of cloth and velwt. But as SfMua 
state enter. During the sittings, those yf]]i have, in some way or other, a re- 
gates are guarded on the inside by two presentative body, let the war turn at 
sentinels, dressed in silk and gold-lace, hmsiy, this description holds good for 
hats and drooping feathers, m the s^rle ^i^^ Qg^t meeting of the King and the 
of the ancient Spanish costume. Thef fortes. Those who have heard of the 
hold gilt maces in their hands, and ate pgypetual sittings of the British Hotiae 
relieved every hour ; they look more like ^ Commons wffi be incUned to thiidi 
a pair of stage mules than the officers of ^tJT ♦!!« ct^^j^T^- rciTV^^ ^^ 
- iZL*^ T?- K.II ;- !...«- .^t**. -:<., !..»« that the bpamarda " have their huk 
a senate. The hall ui hung witii sU la^ ^ , imntm them stiU," and wiU be 
lustres, whoee rin sconces mar the ele- J" * , •P"**' f" ww:"* »»***> ««* w«u ho 
gnee of the glasa nanuAicture. Imitie- but la»y pohUcians to the hiat 
dhitely before the throne are four bronae « ^he Cortes begin their debates usuaUj 
Bgiire% suscauiMig soeiiett ler wvx-HgMfc ,^ half-past eleven in the forenoon, and. 
There «re also sever^ aide lustres ; thqr ^le^ i^e very unportant subject occu! 
aieaeldoB uae< as the Cortes rarely ait pi^ Aem, they sdto sit beyind three 

■^""^ , . ... o'dock. The Deputies risejmd spe»k from 

<* The decosatioBe consist principaMy their places, and generally without the aid 

of a number of oasts from slatiies, which of notes. There is a handsome rostrum oa 

are weH ezceuted. Two, representing es^ side of ^e dudr, but those are reseiu 

USS,]] A VtiU io Spain in iB9Si muilBSX Ua 

mA tmmfywbm a mtmber hat to tnhroit a able numbet of her more active dis- 

|it B |i ai iti B« to tho Cottet, when any of the tarben haTe dipped their pens in edi- 

Swinafk i hat to make a oommanicadoD, or torial ink, as a preparative for the dio« 

w hcB offic ia l docmnents arc to be read. The tatorship, and other absurdities of de^ 

^^'T**'***«I?^'^^*^'^"*f»^ mooracy. San Migud, soldier as he 

rl'SIi^Sl'^tSl^ ^> ^oi°d i* expedient to advance to 

»«nberofthec.biiH*,oro7a3lXmem! «iF«««y by the m^iMiry way of the 

beta, at often «i Arf think expedient. Bnssote andMwts. He was one of 

Unun a question it put to the Yote, thote the editors of the journal called the 

vlia an l(v the affinnative stand up in fjpec/odor immediately before his ele* 

liwir pboet ; those against it remain tittingi vation to office ; and unless the Due 

Dwing a division, ttrangsi are not exdu- d'Angouleme has prohibited him the 

4ed. When the questiim it one of great exercise of his ingenuity, he is pro* 

■sp p t tan ce , the names of the memben vo- bably, at thw moment, translating B&f 

tmg are taken down.*' , , , renger or Voltaire for the future hopes 

Wc now eome to that whieh is less of Spain and freedom. 

pemaDent than benches and curtains, Lopez Banos, a name iinmi^ffifftl to 

and which, unhke them, will probably sir Robert Wilson's ean, was the mL- 

nererAare the revival of essy debates, ,yg|CT of war, a soldier, and rather 

and Ae presence of majesty;— there- «uspected, from his tardy junction wiA 

potations and offices of the Liberal the insurrection of the Isla. 

ministry. The writer speaks like an im- Gojco, the Mhiister of the Interior, 

J*^*^****^,? "^,^* opportunities seem an intelligent manly personage. He 

to have allowed him a suffiaent know- was an advocate, and obscure. Revo, 

ledn of theBien and things that turn- lution is tempting to men of this dass 

ed the heUn of Spain. In the rapid al- and fortune. He is a Liberal, and yet 

tarnationsof democracnr, the chief point considered as not quite liberal enough. 

ofaddressistoJ'catchtheCyii/Aiaof This is probably »nce he has feUaie 

the miBute. The lords of the ascend- comforts of place. In power every man 

ant this hour are below the honaon the is an aristocimt* Goico is h)ok#d wi as 

next— aome never to rise again. We nat «' up to die age." 

have here the portraiture cf the cabir ^favorro, the Minister of JustioSi 

net for November. ia « the dechred enemy of die usurp. 

" The ministry of Martinei de k Rosa adons" of the court of Rome. He is 

haeriaglost its moral influence in the coun- wdl versed in the oauon law, and 

try, in eooiequence of a general, though *' more of a logician than a states- 

pcrfaapa unjust suspicion, mat they favour- man ;" characters so seldom joined, 

ed the meedng of the B4>ytl Guard on the that we fbel no great surprise at the 

7th of July, im, a new minittry was writer's deeming diem nearly inoom. 

BDrmcd, eoroposed of men marked out ior patible 

'^t^T^^'^flT'''^'^^ The Wnegyric of die Finance Mi- 

stttotaoD. At the head of the new minittry ^*^^ vZ^ 4. ^^m^nny^n^ Ki4*iu^ 

it Evcristo San Miguel He was chief of ™«^' ^f^' ,^ pronounced brie^ 

die stiff m die army of the Wa, and per- hut conclusively. He considers die 

fticmed hit duties in a hlamelets manner, modem science of pohtical economy as 

After this, he hecame one of the principal ^ inere force." Tell not this in die land 

Btenbeet of the party of fVeemasons, to of the Edinburgh Review. Hie Spa. 

vhich he owes hit elevation.*' niard must be a man of sense. 

This minister is described in rather The ministry of Martines de k 

unpromising colours; as irritable and Rosa and his party were aristocrati- 

impatient of censure ; a proof that he cal. They were called the Anilleros, 

woaiyL not answer fbr an English trea- the ring- wearers, like the ancient 

sury bench ; as partial in his distribu- Equites, and numbered many of the 

tion of patronage, and as unproductive higher noblesse. Among dieir lazy 

of manly and original measures. One dreams of renovation, was a Chamb^ 

of the roost curious traits of modem of Peers. But they were, on the 7th 

revolution is, its connexion with pub- of July, turned out by men less asle^ 

lie journals. All the French dema- and on thdr pillows rose the Conrnm^ 

I were, in seme mode or other, meros, the friends of the sovereign^ of 

to die press, aome of the diief the people ; a willing, yet somnoleiit 

actaalhr editors. Sfiain, in her oc^y of the Parisian party of the See* 

MMM, hasleamad this suspioioas tiens. Ballasteros, Romera Alpuente, 

step to public henoors, and a consider^ and other namdess patriots, were its 


196 A VM to Spain m 18SS ami 1823. [^Ai^. 

kaden. The Freemtuons, hetded by ipiritiul Mrithincfi and of mwlidiial »• 

Argoelkt, GaUano, Istoru, &c. were hct It was occapied by fifteen moD&i, 

the origiiial conapintoray and^ by the '^ho, it was asserted, and theasserdon waa 

help of the miUtary, they were mas- not contradicted, ^n) their wh^ time in 

ten of the throne and the people for «hgious exerasa and works rf praoiod 

ju-jj. ^- ' ■ virtue, never hesitating, at any hour of the 

TbUbaU>earioa.Mimterpwtor f '«^*' •'"• f*^ '^ Ti^'^IS!^ 

^, „ i*V> , vr^ wi*«wai»«fc v& jQ administer the oonsoiauon of their sa- 

^e French Revolutton. The same ael- crcd functions. They never evinced a db- 

llshness, the Mine light and ready position to mingle in the dvU war whidi 

naurpation of hollow patriotism, the afflicted the country ; the mggedncaa of 

same division of the spoil ; the pic- the territory in whidi the convent 

tnre is still more curious, from its qoa- placed, was a security that it could never 

^ed and Spanish hoe. The canvaaa, be fixed on as an asylum for arms^ and 

that in France was painted with flame provisions of the fiMrtious. The loeah^ of 

•and blood, is pale and watery in Spain. **>« establishment, the thousand recoUec- 

Revohition in France was a volcano in *««• by which it was endeared ^ 

fUll eruption ; in &»ain the volcano is pic •w^iod l^ «id its ackiwwledged uidijr 

^M . *wr^\.li^ J2Zrl.*i^^ -«j ^« "> «»ch a sijbiation, were, however, plead- 

«W ; ^ whole prepun^n and con- edin vain for its cint^pe. It wsT^ib, 

formation of rum is before the eye, - ^^ ^^ ^^ ^-^^ ^^ of suppression. It 

ibut It IS overUud widi ashes. There ^as the first pubUc calamity which the peo- 

are few more convmcmg mstenccs of pie of the Battuecas experienced. It waa 

the folly of reasoning fW>m similar cau- not doubted that they would, one and all. 

to similar efiects in politics. The resent it, as a wanton a/ct of hostility on 

men of the Convention plunged into the part of the government.** 

.the temptation at once, and rebdled In this excursive manner die writer 

in the spirit and maJignity of Satan, passes through the principal points 

Their later followers gave way, in the that make the charge against the de- 

rashness of the human appetite for mocratic sovereigns of Spam. Violenoe 

■power, but they could not altogether s^inst the weak, timidity and tardi-* 

divest themselves of human nature, ness against the strong, a determina* 

Their overthrow of the throne was the tion to overthrow things venerable and 

most bloodless of all rebellions. Men dear to the national feeling, a rash 

have been skin in battle, but the sca^ passion for useless novelty in legisU- 

fold has been scarcelv trodden ; — ^in the tion ; their law caprice ; their finance 

midst of A fierce and haiudity conflict bankruptcy, and their war non-re- 

of new passions, the dvU swcord has sistance, confusion, and perpetual i»- 

been but half-drawn ; and the consti-* treat — the Spanish Jacobins shewed 

tution, mad and fruitless as it is, has themselves incompetent to everything 

been almost without the stain (tf Spa*- that the world had been tai:i^t to ex- 

nish gore. pect from the firmness and dignity of 

The suppreaaion of the convaits is the native mind. The rebeliious cup 

touched on by the writer with good that hsd made France mad, had only 

sense and feehng. After observi^ on made them drunk. Their revolt waa 

the rashness of Uie measure, and its a parody upon the French Revolu- 

consequent unproductiveness, he al- tion. 

ludes to one of those instances, whidi The public reading of the celebrated 

must not have been unfreauent in a notes of the allies gives room foraotiM 

lonely and pastoral country like Spain, striking sketches c? Spani^ delibm- 

'^ The convent of the Battuecas was si- ticm. 

tuated in a wild, moimtainous country, ^^ The government, having taken 
where the population is scattered in little days to consider the Idrogn '^«fH]i^tfs, 
hunlets. The people seem, from the sim- wldch had been oommi^iicated to it, and of 
plidty and innocence of their manners, to the answers proper to be returned to them, 
bdong to the nrimitive ages of the world, resolved on laying the whole of the docu. 
Few of them have ever gone beyond the ments before the Cortes, in a solemn pub- 
precincts of their peculiar territory ; their lie sitting. This wu not one of thoee 
days pass away m pastoral occupations, points which necessarily required the cog. 
and their evenings are ususDy dosed by i^zanoe of the Certes ; but the ministers 
works of piety, intermingled occasionally believed they should be wantii!^ to tlMee 
with such enjoyments as they can derive senttments which mnted them witlitheCon- 
from a rude knowledge of the tambour and gx«ss» if thqr i&d not place the metier be- 
the ffuitar. The convent was their prin- fore them. Besides, the go vwumen t of 
dpaJ source of religious infomiation, of France bad taken care to puUiih Ihe in* 

ISSS.^ A run to Spain in 1822 and 1823. 167 

UnetioBf wliicli it had transmitted to the been louder, but for the intense denre ia 

Count La Garde, and the government of hear what followed. The assembly, taldn^ 

Spain tfaou^t they coold do no less than it altogether, seemed struck with surprise 

Mow its example. It was not generally at the Ught in which this note represented 

known that these important documents the Spanish rerolution. When they heard 

wDoki be read to the Cortes ; and in con- it saia that the principal instruments of die 

stqaence the public galleries were not Spani^ revolution had excited Naples and 

crowded, though rather well attended. Sir Piedmont to follow the example of the Pe. 

WilliaiD A*Court was in the 8mbassador*s ninsula, Riego, Oaliano, Arguelles, and 

tribune^ to which also several English gen- others, smiled at the assertion, wondering 

tlenien were, by his politeness, admitted, at the hardihood of Mettemich, who could 

The attendance of the Deputies was full. put forth such a falsehood. Yet it was soon 

^' The Cortes had be^ previously en- evident, that this note was drawn up with 
gaged upon a question relating to ecdesi- tatty and knowledge of human nature, for 
astieal property ; but from the manner in before the general indignation was raised 
whidi it waa treated, it was easy to perceive to its height, it was wonderfully softened 
that the mindsof the Deputies were full of by that appeal to national pnde, which was 
anxiety and fervour upon another subject, so MrtfuDr wrought up in the aUuaion to 
Now and then this sentiment broke out, the peculiar position of Austria. * The 
aod there was a partial cheer, when Senor Hopse of Austria, looking to its own his- 
Teksco, a clergyman, sud, * I have learn- tory, cannot but find in it the most power- 
ed to sailer privations ; but there is no sa- ful motives of friendship, solicitude, and 
eriice which I can deem too great for the sympathy for a nation, which is able to 
benefit ai Spain ; and even though I were record, with just pride, ages of glorious re- 
abont to become the victim of indigence, collection, during which the sun never set 
still my last reaoorces should be exhausted upon her dominions ; and which, possess- 
hr the Constitution and the liberty of the ing respectable institutions, hereditai^ vir- 
■aiMn.' This discussion was suspended tues, rdigious sentiments, and love for her 
when the Secretaries of State entered the kings, has distinguished herself in every 
haO of the Cortes, about two o*clock in the age by a patriotism always faithful, always 
afternoon, and M . San Miguel appeared in generous, and very f^reqnently heroic.' Tlus 
the rostrum. Upon the instant ever^ person just and doquent passage had an electric 
present was br^thless with attenuon, and effisct. You saw that the men were fot a 
the silence that pervaded the hall, the tri- moment subdued ; for flattery, so finely co- 
bones, and galleries, was as profound as if it vered and directed, could not £ul to touch 
were a desert. every chord of national feeling. But thia 

** After a short preface, he proceeded to result was only for the moment ; for al- 
read tlie note transmitted by the French though the remainder of the note was 
gomma ent to Connt la Garde, which ha- framed in language alternately soothing 
viw becB already familiar to the deputies and severe, the terms in which the King 
and strangem, excited little attention. San was spoken of as a captive, and the authors 
l^gnel*a csnindatioB is bad. He gave no of the constitution represented as acknow- 
cmphasia to those sentences, even in the ledging its impracticability, excited unqua- 
sDswer to the French notOt which was un- lified hostility. When the note waa eon* 
dcntood to be from his own pen. Yet no duded, however, there was no very gene- 
aid of docotion was necessary to render ral expression of indignation, as its effbct 
every word that feU from him impressive was in some measure qualified by the 
m ibe hi^iest degree. When he came to friendly and admonitory tone in whidi it 
that passage of hb answer, which says that ended. 

Sfson was indifferent as to the results of ^< After pausing a few minutes, San Mi- 

tfae Congress of Verona, because ' secure guel proceeded to read the note from Prus- 

9i its principles, and firm in the determi- sia. Everything depends upon the manner 

■atsBD of defending, at every hazard, its in which it is £ne. There was a great deal 

Mffswif pcdttical system, and national in- of flattery in the commencement of the 

ofpcndence,* thore was a general burst of Prussian note ; but it sounded hollow, 

qtthnsisim, many of the douties and spec* The consequence was, that it was laughed 

taton. dapping their hands. These ap- at. The dignity of the assembly could 

pauses were renewed at the dose of almost scarody be preserved when that passage 

every subsequent paragraph ; and, when was read, which stated that the Cortes 

this paq>er waa oonduded, they were con- ' i^esented nothing more than a conflict of 

tinned iar several minntes. opinions and objects, and a struggle of in- 

** The Antttian note was heard in si* terests and passions, in the midst of which 

leBce,nBCiI the MinisteroBme to the words, the most foolish resolutions and proposi- 

*" and a mUUarp rebellion never can fbrm tions have been constantly crossed, combat- 

ibe basis of an auspicious and permanent ed, and neutralized.* This picture of the 

fse emuM jPt ;* but there was then a short Cortes, and its debates, if not false, was at 

aiuimir o( indignatiOB, which would have least well calculated to exdte laughter* 

1«8 A run to Spaiii in 18S2 ^nd T8& D^- 

The remakider of the note, irhldi it full of fent, they will not pefimt thiit amr tSteht* 

invectives tgdntt the constitntion, was re- ttonn or modificatidne shall he tntoe in the 

ceired with indignation, not unfreqtientlj eonadtiition hj which thej exist, exeepi hf 

hiterrupted hy strong ezpressioBs of coo-' the win of die nation, and hi die naaimer 

tempt. wMoh the laws prescribe. The Cortes wifl 

** But all die rage of the Cones^ or ra* give to the government ofhis Majetftjerefy 

tficr I might say of the general aasemhly, meant for repelling the aggression of those 

(Aw the spectators in the gallery seemed to powers who may dare to attack the liberty, 

form an mteoral part of the meeting,) all the independence, and the glory of the he- 

tbe rage of this anxious assembly appear- roic Spanish nation, and the dignity sod 

ad to be reserved for the Russian coromu- splendour of the King't constitutional 

nicadon. The sentence commencing the throne.' 

second paragraph, < When in the month of *^ This well-timed reply was reeeited 

March, 18^, some peiiured soldiers turn- with a peal of vhxu that lasted fbr several' 

ad their arms against mehr sovereign and minates. The deputies all rose in a eonfii- 

theb country,' &e. was fVequently inter- ted manner, and shouted ' Vivo la OmHl^ 

ropted by murmurs ftom the galleriss and tution ! Viva fa tdberania naiknuUr in 

Ae deputies ; and, amidst these, theformer whidi they were enthusisatically joined by 

exclaimed more than once, ^ Abaxo el TU the people in the galleries.** 

fwm r (Down with the Tyrant 1) utisfed t^^ gg^ ^f ^1,^^^ discuwions upon 

^ a fierceness of tone pecuhariy Spa- the populace is characteristicaUy tSI 

*' During the time the minister was *^ The following day, a detaSed acoooot 
reading this psper, the agitation^ among of the debates, and copies of the notes and 
the deputies was extreme, some turning answers, were pubHshed in the principal 
from one side to the other, as in a state of journals. From an early hour of the mom- 
painful sufiering — some raising their hands hig, the oflices of the Univerml and EtpeC' 
m astonishment — some lookinff intently on tador^ and the streets leading to them, were 
the minister, their focet fired with ven- crowded with applicants for papers. Da- 
geaaoe, &c. ring the whole dsy the ^mand was so 

*^ It was obacrvable that fte(|penUy the great, that it was raipessible to satisly it ; 

deputies fixed their eyes attentively upon but a plan was adopted whidi in some mca- 

the ambaMHidor*s tribune, in which Sir sure compensated for this defect. When a 

William A*Court and several English gen- lucky patriot succeeded in getting a paper, 

tlemen were seated. When, in the notes, he posted to the Puerta detSolj or we ar- 

a sentence of peculiar despotism was read, cades of the post-office, and here, as soon 

manj an eye was raised to that box, to read as he producM his prize, a crowd collected 

the impression which it made there. Sir round nhn, and he read afoud the whole of 

William A*Covt*8 countenance gave them the joumal* from the beg lm flag to the end. 

neither hope nor despair, but semal of hit The remarks which the Usteners oeeasion- 

eoontrymen tooknopains to restrain theab- ally made w«re short and pithy. * Hear,* 

horrenee, which those documents must ever t^ one, * hear the Pmssiaii Klbe^ who 

excite in the breattt of men who know what onee prtnlsed a eoattitntioii to iSa own 

fteadom is. These expressions of sympathy sobjeets.'-^ And who never gave it,' add- 

were anxiously looked for by the deputies, ed another. * Only observe how tender he 

and afibrded theni evidently great satisfac- is of the Cathcdic Ghurdi, himself a hero* 

tioa. They remarked upon them, one to tic.* — This caused a langh. — • Now far die 

the other, and occasionafty smiled. Russian bear,' remarked another.-** Down 

** San Miguel concluded with reading with the parricidal race ! tfown wiA ihc 

the copy of a circular note, which was to be tyrant !' lliey said, as the reader proceed- 

sent to the Spanish ministersat eaeh of die mL" 
three nordiein courts ; and in which it was 

gtated, that the dispatches transmitted by The dflbete on the nm i Mn is then 

diose oourts were so fidl of distorted facts, detailed with pudngiBdicttioM of the 

injnrioes suppositions, unjust and calum- ehaticter ma manner ot the duef 

nious criminations, and vague demands, speakert. Saavedra, young, pocticiil, 

ihat diey required no formal answer ; but fluent, and cnthnaiaatic—iS&ii^a, old, 

that the government irould ta^ a more oen- eloquent, learned, and m^-^aliano, 

n^^'^J^^'T^^ ^ .pubhshHig to the metaphorical, spirited, and full of pio! 

nj^jtssentmients,prinaples,andre«,- tures^ue gestur^^r^ueZfci^par ex^U 

*< As soon as the Kadhig of these docu. ^»<« ^ O«i/or, argumenlatiTe, vi- 

ments was over, the PreSdent of Goitcs "^^^ Wd, and c^ in hia mnaitioM 

said, « The Cortes have heard the oommu. from reaaoiang to irvenatible appeals 

iiieadon which the government of hit Ma- to the hMrt. While he apoke, erery 

jetty hat jntt made. Faithfol to their oadi, one of the depatiea appeared to be en« 

aad worthy of the people whom they rcpte* tnMOed by hii deqnaiee; and when 


lflSS.3 A riniifi Sptdm im 1622 OMd IS2S. I6S 

IwcMdadtd, AefeivatAgeneiallodk notioet are dxawn tip with grwe and 

■D to Ike anbiasador's inbune, to aee intelllgeBoe. The wnter fo&wed the 

Wttt etSoct it pradaced there. He Kiog ta Seville, an4 a curioQS ai^unt 

fpefce for an hour and ten Bunntea ; of the roval progreaB and reception ia 

and when he fint MBe, often during given. Tne courae of the magnifieent 

hia apeeeh, and when he aat down, he Guadidquivir, and Cadis, are tcmched 

waa cheered by the popokee, and even upon, wnteh, with the writer'a retoxn 

"^ the dqw tiM, in the moat lively and throi^ the Fveoeh army, then mareh-i 

ietionate manner. ingon Madrid, makeup a narrative of 

Afler all, theae men deaerve a better peculiar intereat atthepreaent time; 

&le than to be tiie davea of the Bour« and for its general n^antinean and aim^ 

bma and the Imiahdtion. l^idrfirat plidty, its tmth-telling spirit, and ita 

oqieriment haa been emde, and it de« elearneas of pdhtical view, it iaunquea^ 

•aned to £uL But honeat lovers of tionahly a sa&r guide to the feelii4;8 of 

nanareh^ may join in the wiah that the Spuiiah pec^le, aa well as a moie 

the Spaniard aludl <' be a man yet." honouiahle teatimony to individual au- 

The volume doaea with aome gene- tfaorahip, thaoi any woric that haa hi« 

nl views of the arts, amuaementa, ha* therto appealed on the Pemwular Re* 

fcaia, and ooatume of the people. Theae volution. 


Las CABxa iaa well-meaning, easy. Napoleon's jHrivate life and oonveraa- 
aSly, oid gentkroan, whom we reallv tions, that it was aflerwards, overlook- 
like, in spite of all the Ilea with which ed and revised by tl)e Emperor's self, 
his vofaumea ne crammed. Indeed he leat anything uofavourable but true 
seems htnaself 4r ^mtie^, literallv be* phould have escaped the pen of the of- 
hevea aU the uemenae dictated to nim, fidous, but not over-prudent, jackalL 
and has just the credulous and obee- In the minor details, we dare say the 
fpumiM avrallow necessary lor a follower volumes are correct. We have no dkmbt 
of Napoleon. There could be no work that the Emperor tore his stocking, 
wfaidi we would have been more glad put on clean ones, coughed so many 
to posaesa, than the one which this pre- times a-day, and burnt his coKendix 
tends to be — a Jommal of Napol^n's with liis bath-spout. Nay, we will go 
freeand unmade-upoonversations. But, farther, and believe, with the Count de 
first of all, when the £x-£mpc^ Las Coses, that he was a good-natured, 
knew that M. Laa Cases was taking amiable man in his interior, apd, like 
down every word that dropt Arom his Sir Anthony, '' the easiest man led in 
month, that the Dodeur O Meara was the world, when he had hia own way." 
domg the same, and every one dse that Hia pulling the eara of all his house- 
csoM near him, we may conceive how hold, as was his custom, we believe a 
naturaDy, how much without a motive joke ; nay, more, or, as Las Cases cidls 
he spc^, and how much the detaU of it, a lendrease^ tliougb, for ourselves, 
these theatrical conversations unmasks we should have dispensed with it. 
him. In fact, the great man seems to That he pulled the Pope by his grey 
have beeai kept at St Helena in a con- locks (if old Chlaramonte had a single 
tinual state of pleading — no matter lock abou this tonsure,) around the Cor- 
what he waa doing, what time of the ridoresofFontainbleau, is another stcury 
day,diiMdorundined,in bedorinbath, not to be swallowed. And, by the by, 
there were ever hb etomal companions, it is to be remarked, that all these ca- 
dieOraiufJIfared^, or Count this, or Inmniea wero not fotipagated by Uie 
ComU tiiat, with pencil and aaa^akin, Endliah miniatry, aa Buem^MU-te him- 
ready to note dovm hia cruditiea. And aelf always said ; but, from Las Cases' 
had diey kept him at it, (for at timea own admission, they were fabricated 
we have whole continued pagea of his by those around his person ; so that 
pleading,) how fiuthftdly reported by even his counselbr of state, poor Las 
Laa CaaMB, who never, peniapa, bdong- Cases himself, had acquired a false and 
ed to the '* gkrioua company," we horrible idea of the Emptor. What- 
leave dnt learned body to determinot ever Napoleon'a own oounseUcn* of atate 
Nay, 80 impartial an account ia this of may have credited, we certainly do not 

* Count Las Caaet' Journal of tha Privale Life and Coovenation of the Emperor 

MsfoftDoa at Saint Helena. 4 Parts, 8to. Colbum and Co. London. 1823. 

Vol. XIV. Y 

170 La$Cas€9':.JmimaL ZA^ 

bdleve that he lived in incett with his merit— Mennie, lAi^fibtknidelame^ 
own sister: — themmderof D'Ensfaien, tohre, he speeks slightingly of in these 
the massacre of prisoners, and poi- volumes — Soult, he says, would make 
soning of the sick at Jaffii, with respect merely a good ord^muo/atr, a proper mi-« 
to which he sought to hrave public nisteratwar — ^Moreau and Bemadotte 
opinion, much more than to plead ex« we have already mentioned. But with 
cnses before it, are • sufficient, and remct to his enemies, to those who 
strongly enough attested, to blast his - foiled and conquered him, nothing can 
moral character in public acts. . equal his spite and malice. Hia plead- 
In private life, we think him to have ing against the Duke of Wellington fOT 
been amiable. Passion of any kind vnnnmg the battle of Waterloo, is very 
he had none— all his scoldings and serious, and most ridiculooa ; and hiis 
talking big to his Marshals and lac- exposure of the faults of the Endhdi 
queys, were, by his own confession, put general, shews only vdth what ocuos cS 
on. An hundred times in Las Cases, fortune against Wdlington he yet coiw 
we hear him confess that all his bursts trived to beat the Emperor. The first 
of passion were pretended, and calcu* gravamen of Napoleon is, that the 
lated for a purpose. No doubt those Duke was surprised in his intrench- 
towards Sir Hudson Lowe were as real, ments — ^the more wonderful andfraae- 
and with as much cslculation called worthy, then, the talent that could 
forth. Passion, indeed ! — What busi- change a surprise into a victory. But 
ness had he ever to be in one ? — ^the whose fault was it, that WeUington 
luckiest dog in Christendom, and out was surprised ? Buonaparte can an- 
of it — that ran the most glorious career swer, that it was that of the Prince of 
that ever modem ran, and was set down Saxe- Weimar, ^' who, if he had sept 
vnth nothing to trouble him, in good an aid-de»camp direct to Brussels, he 
dry lodgings for the rest of his days, would have arrived there, with news 
to write his Memoirs, and pinch tne of Napoleon's approach, at six in the 
lugs of Counts and Marshals. Be- evening, whereas it vras not till deven 
sides, physically, how could he be pas- that his amroach vras known to Wd- 
sionate — a fellow without an ounce of lington." His next comjdaint against 
bile in his composition, so snugly lard- the Duke is, the arrangement of rorcea^ 
ed upon the ribs, that he never once and the want of artulery or cavalry 
.felt nis heart beat, as he confessed to among the English at Quatre Bras. To 
Las Cases, nor ever experienced pain this we may oppose Napoleon's own 
either in head or stomach ? No--he words : — '* Ney received ordav on the 
had not even the excuse of hasty tem- 16th to advance vdth the 43,000 men 
per for one of his crimes, to save his which he commanded, forming the left 
morality, nor yet the same excuse for wing of the army, before Quatre Bra8> 
one of ms blunders, to save his cha- and there take up his position, &c. 
racter for talent. The Prince of Oranp, with only 9000 
The most, indeed the only interest- men, preserved this important position 
ing parts of these volumes, are those against Ney till three in the after- 
dictated by Napoleon himself, giving noon." Tms, from Buonaparte's own 
an account of the battles of Ariole, Ri- mouth, shews that the Duke knew hia 
voli, and that period of bis Italian cam- men, and what they could efiect ; 9000 
paigns ; as also the anecdotes and re- of them, headed by the youns Prince 
marks on the leading characters of the of Orange, against 43,0Q0, led by the 
revolution and coosulate. The cha- veteran Ney. The next accusation of 
racter of Sieves is findv developed; Napoleon against the Duke of Welling- 
and mostly aU his Marshals are por- ton commences thus : — *' The Eng- 
trayed in lively traits ; his hatred of lish general gave us battle at Waterloo 
Moreau and Bemadotte is undisgui- on the 18th. This act was contrary to 
sed ; he cannot allow them even talent the interests of his nation," &c. &c.* 
Nothing surprises one so much in Na- We believe that this article of impeach- 
poleon, as the total want of liberality ment needs. no very elaborate answer, 
towards his enemies. We look for But what ought the English general to 
something above envy and petty pas- have done, in the opinion of the Em- . 
nons in a beioe whom his own genius peror Napoleon-? — Hear it, good Mo- 
certainly had plsoed on such an unpa- mus, if thou knowest the Frendi dia- 
raOeled eminence. Even of his own Xev^ for we should be ashamed to put 
generals, those who had acquired fame such stuff into English, 
as tacticians, he never woula allow their «« On demgndera que derait done fiure - 


Iku Case/' Journals 

111 I 

le goMnl Aiifi^ aprti la bfttaOle de 
ligoy, ct le combat dc Quatre Bras ? La 
pOTtent^ Q*auTa pas deux opinions : il de- 
Taxt trarener, dans la nuit du 17 au 18, la 
foret de Soignes, sur la chaussee de Char- 
leroi ; Tannee Prussienne la devait egale- 
ment traverser sur la chaus^e de Wavres ; 
les deux arm^ se reunir a la pointe du 
joar, sur Bmxelles; laisser des arridre- 
gaides pour d^fencbe la for^t ; gagner 
qudqnes jours pour dooBCr la temps aux 
JPkiJssieDs, dfaraoB^sparlabatiflledeLig^- 
nyt de iej<niiaie leur armee, se renforoer 
de qnatonee rumens Angk^ qui etatent 
en gsnuaon dans les places fortes de la Bel* 
gique, on Tenaient de debarquer a Ost^de, 
de retour d^Amerique, et laisser manoeu- * 
vrer TKinpereur des Fran^ais comme n 
aurait touIu." 

The plain English of which is^ that 
the Dttke of Wellington was> in duty 
and propriety, bound to run away 
thiougfa Brussels on the night of the 
I7thy and *^ leave the Emperor of the 
French to manceuvre as he pleased." 
We think this is quite sample enough 
of hia pleading and liberality. 

Esteeming Napoleon, as we do, one 
of the first characters of modem times, 
one is indignant at meeting these pagea 
oi apite> ignorance, and absurdity, as 
coming from his pen, or even as slip* 
pingfrom him in intemperate moments. 
The only refuge for the great man's 
character is, in doubting the veradtv 
of Las Cases ; and there are proofs 
scattered through the volumes to shew 
that that egregious blockhead has palm- 
ed no snvdl portion of his own pre- 
cioas oompoaitiona on us for tlie ge- 
nuine produce of the imperial head. 
One thing, at any rate, is pretty evi- 
dent, that all those profound disqul- 
sitiena on geography and topography, 
put br Las Caaes into the mouth of 
Ni^leon, came from the same source 
9AMonAtUu Historique^^aome Tur- 
ner's Ge<^paphy of an affiiir, by which, 
it aeems, the nohle Count de Las Ca- 
ses made his fortune. How can any 
one for a moment suppose that Napo« 
leon, in St Helena, would s^ously 
sit down to dictate to any one a geo« 
graphical account of such a well-known 
country as Italy P— what Laa Cases 
calla " ff ft tr^-bten morceau de geogra* 
fku poliiique :" and that this oeauti- 
ful morceau should be nothing more 
than what is to be found in every 
child's ^' Geomfhy, made Easy for the 
me of Schools. — t^g- 

^ Italy is cue <tf the finest parts of the 
^obe. It is a peninsula^ soxrounded on the 

east, south, and west^ by the Mediterra- 
nean and the Adriatic G^ the side of the 
Continent, it is bounded by the chains of 
the Alps,'* &c. &C. 

Pretty information this of the Em- 
peror Napoleon's, for na to be paying 
our half-guinea a volume for. But the 
fact is. Napoleon neve^ wrote or dic- 
tated one hne of such nonsense. And, 
in proof, just read the following sen- 
tence :— 

*>*■ De Tautre c&tii, le Saint.Ck)thard est 
plus haut que le Simplon ; le Simplon plus 
naut que le Saint Bernard ; le Saint Ber- 
nard plus haut que le MonuCenis ; le 
Mont Cenxs que le Col de Tende." — Las 
Cases. Journal, Tom. 3. Sixieme Partie. 

Why, the blockhead ! we did not 
think there was a man in Europe, who 
did not know, that the St Bernard, in- 
stead of being, as here represented, 
lower than the Simplon, was nearly 
douhle its height. Napoleon, who had 
crossed both, and had run his road 
over the Simplon as the lowest and 
most feasible of the two, could never 
have uttered such ignorance. And the 
Count de Las Cases to write this !-^a 
counsellor of state ! one that went on 
missions to Illyria ! a geographer—- go 
to! and the immortal author of the 
never-to-be-enough-lauded, but ne- 
ver-once-heard-of Atlas Hisiorigue /— 
" If you find as much brains in his 
head as would cl(^ the foot of a flea, 
well eat the rest of the anatomy." 

There is another sentence of Bona- 
parte's pleadings, which we will quote, 
and leave to our readers to judge, whe- 
ther it was written before or after the 
death of the unfortunate Lord London- 
derry, and die accession to the minis- 
try of Mr Canning, which will decide 
whether it be Napoleon's, as asserted, 

or Las Coses's. 

<' Le ministre Castlereagh pasnera, et 
celui qui lui succ61era, heritier de tant de 
fautes, deviendra grand, s*il veut seulement 
ne pas les oondnuer. Tout son genie peut 
se bomer uniquement a laisser fiure, a ob^tr 
aux vents qui soufflent; au rebours de 
Castlereagh, il n*a qu*i se mettre a la tSte 
des id^es lib^rales, au lieu de se ligueravec 
le pouvoir absolu, et il recueillera les bene- 
dictions universelles, et tous lest torts de 
TAngleterre serontoubli^s.** 

But the most notable humhug of 
all, is the pretence of the £x-£mperor 
and his suite to literary taste. They 
talk of reading Homer to amuse them- 
selves of evenings ; to be sure, they read 
the '^ Charlemagne" of Lucien Bona- 
parte with it, comparing the two epic 


Zmm Caset* JounmL 


Writers — which li like them, and ar« 
gucs eomething of truth. But whtt 
Homer, we roanrel much, did these 
gentlemen read ? Not the Greek, we 
may he awom ; a Utiguage, of whidi 
the most learned of tlKir nation ate in 
general ignorant French tnmditioM 
there is none at all tokraUe, at least 
none caladatrd to caU fbnli ihe enoo- 
miums of these gentleme»-*they pa- 
tronize Homer, as some one said Lord 
Bolinghroke patronised Phnridenoe. 
Perhaps thejr read him in the vereioii 
of Cesarotti, in whose Oasian Napoleon 
had been once so wrapt ; but Cesarot" 
ti's Homer is as bad as his Ossian is 
good ; he translated the former to de- 
predate him, so that, even in this best 
of accessible Homers, they could have 
but a pocHT taste of the great original. 
Mind Las Cases, however — he never 
once mentions a translation — he would 
have us suppose that he and the Em- 
peror amused themselves in the even- 
ings reading Greek. What a quiz! 
We verily beUeve,even the translation, 
prose for verse, was brought forward 
but to look learned in a paragraph of 
Las Cases' Journal, and to astonish 
the old grognards with the deep learn- 
ing they little suspected in tneir old 
generaL His studies on board the fri- 
gate which conveyed him dandcsdne- 
ly from Egypt, were more characteris- 
tic ** He qpent the greater part of 
the day," savs Ganthaume, '' snut up 
in his chamoer, reading one time the 
Bible, at another the Alcoran." The 
Emperor's dictatorial critidsros on 
ComeiUe, Racine, and the poets of his 
own country, are in the true common- 
place style of the French, and worthy 
of that most common-place of our cri- 
mes, whom the French admire so much, 
Dr Blair. Of his general taste, too, 
there are samples in this work. Hear 
him, after declaring that his soul was 
oriental, that he loved the desert, and 
gloried that his name signified the 
Lion of the Desert— listen to this hero 
of the oriental soul deseribins the im- 
pression made upon him by those 
grandest ol)jects in the range of anti- 
quity and man's creation : 

^< At diansr, the Empeeot said many 
euious things icspeotiiigEcrpt. He found, 
ha said, that all which he had seen in Egypt, 
aspeoally those so celebrated and so vaunt- 
ed roiiis, could never stand in comparison 
with Paris and the ThutUeries, or give an 
idea of tiiem." Jourfio/. TomcS. Sixieme 
Partie. P. 235. 

80 modi fbr \&m fMlo* 
A vast deal of noise has been made 
respeetziq; the mal-treatroent of Na- 
pokoD. The Quarterly has given its 
opinion on the subject ; now it is ours, 
that a great deal of needless annoyance 
was hei^>ed upon Napoleon. The older 
ftooi the Home Dqwrtment to take 
•way his sword, was uogeneroos; and 
it wo«dd, no doubt, have been put in^ 
te stikt csecodoD had Sir Hudooti 
Lowip tiien bean in mnnwd Twas 
doubly wioi^ to pkoe die Emp ei w 
first in the luinds of so amiaUe and 
deferent a gentleman as the Admiral, 
and then transfer him into the hands 
of Sir Hudson : it was the diange, the 
continual changea and increase of pet* 
ty vexations, that embittered his exist- 
ence. If die utmost severity had been 
adopted at first, and adhered to, it 
would have Been something. No af- 
•fair could have been worse managed^ 
with due deference to Lord Batfaurst i 
the instructions were mean and nncer^ 
tain, chaining by every dispatch— all 
those employed were unfit, from the 
fine, blunt sesman, first employed, to 
the sensitive, nervous, irresolute, aad 
ill-loddng gentleman last in eommand. 
Every miBtary man in the idand nrar-* 
mured at the treatment tsi Napoleon ; 
and the Quarterly Review knows wndl 
they did. As to uMeara, die uapiin^ 
dpled blockhead is not worth attend- 
ing to — read but his letter to Loid 
Keith, refusing to sefve as surgeon to 
Napoleon, unless as a BritiBh ottear, 
under British control, and to be ooiWi 
ddered in nowise belonging to Napo* 
leon ; and then read his answer to Ka* 
poleon, on being asked whose servuBt 
he thought hiinself. The man who 
could publish such a book must h*ve 
deemed the people of England strange- 
ly inapprehendve of truth and U&^ 
hood. But put O'Meara out of die 
question ; the undeniedfacts areenoogh 
—it was beneath the dignity of £e 
British nation to tell Napoleon she li- 
mited him to a botUe of wine per day,^ 
thus denying him in exile even the so- 
lace of intoxication. His extravagant 
wearing of one shirt a-day was auo a 
subject more worthy to benaudled by 
Joseph Hume, than by a general offi- 
cer of his Majesty's forces. Atid we 
must say, that Sir Hudson's late step 
of transmitting to Lias Cases extracts 
from O'Meara s letters, in which he 
happened to spaak ill of Loa Cases, for 
the mere and mean end of creathig s 

laill Las Ckm$' J^mmaL 178 

fimid bikwtm Oiem fMU' mbOg fifP^ Ninths and CiMriM the lUrd of Sng- 

/riBiii, WM also a revien^ unlike (hat lind'-'^iey thus generouaio the Sttt^cta, 

ttfcen gmendly by BritiBfa oflioBn. die uniiirtimato rivaU of his house* 

To eoDdndey we think die empty wooldhaYegraDtedtheeoMeliagiiaBie 

tithcfEvptfor ought to have been of £&ipeA)r» if an^ be a GOQaSatiea» 

iBowad to Napoleon. The denial of to the exiled> the oapdre Napoleon. 

k has eaaaedene-half of the shameful We ate Tories^butwe faarefeehi^ 

tamieil ef SI Hdena. We ai^certain. The Quarterly isevernnjustJirhentbe 

diat had the noble and Hberal-minded name of Napoleon is aieiitionedy and 

Geoige the Fourdi been consulted on sure this war of hate mtrr eease» ** idien 

theoc caBon*-he> who^ so much above all its poKtieal ends hate been ao- 

pii;fa£oe, gave^ upon a public monu- eomplisned*" 

oeot, the titles of King to Henry die E. 


The French Revolution is now a Ottoman empire. It was contrary to her 

dresiD^ and its leaders are like the inclination that Maria Theresa entered 

nmhling and shadowy hemes with into the conspiracy against Poknd, a na* 

which dreams are filled. The true tion placed at the entrance of Europe to 

beving of its day of blood and tumult defend it from the irmpttons of the north- 

hai bwn discovered, and Napoleon ®^ nations. The dinidvantages attend- 

aod his instraments are now judged i"fi^ ^® aggrandizement of R^issia, were 

in the same bdanoe that weighs the beared at Vienna, but great satisfection 

iibes of the Neroa and Borgias of the ^"^ nevertheless felt at the acquisHiofi of 

pwU. several millions of souls, and the infltix of 

A new volume of Napoleon's Recol- ™*"y mnUons of money into the treasury, 

leetiaw has been lately published, and ^^ ^^"^ ®^ ^""^^ ^^^ ^" ^^^ ^^^ 

itcoatatnsBomespecdatSonssufficient. manner, feel avew^at tfie present day, to 

I7 aakahle to UiVviWd and stem sa* the partition of THirkey. hut wouM neveN 

gidty of a soldier, undoubtedly en- ^^J" ^"'f?^ ^""J^ , ^^^f^JT!!'!^ 

Sed to rank amo^ the most dkring ?"^? ^^^^1} '^^^"Tlfcl.- "^iS!^ 

mnA u^nu!TS^:^^ ^:!r-i yX^*^ dominions, by the addition of Servia, Bon- 

nd hidhant nuhtary minds of his- ^^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ,„^^ provinces, of 

toiy. Those ftagments are viduable, ^^ich Vienna was foriieriy the ca,H^. 

» «qiplymg theTcey to his pohcy, as what win England and Priice do ? One 

^grounds on which he would pro- of them wiU take Egypt-a poor com- 

Jtty be acting if he were stoU upon pensation. A statesman of the first or- 

.k! aT°T "*^® ' ??°/*' ^ events, der used to say—' Whenever I hear of 

tbedwBghts of one of the most pene- fleets sailmg mider the Greek cross, cast- 

tnfeg intellects^ that ever looked up- ing anchor under the walls of the Serag- 

00 the map of Suropean power. His Ho, 1 seem to hear a cry prophetic of tho 

conoeptions of the result of a Turkish &II of the empire of the Crescent' *' 
ind RusBian war, may yet be quoted His remarks on Massena's Portu- 

isondes. — guese campaign, are probablv tinged 

" A modem Turkish army is a thing by its ill success, but they form the 

«f my little importance. The Ottomans reluctant panegyric of the British Ge* 

"[iH not be able to maintain theur ground, neraL — 

cither io Asia Minor, Syria, or Egypt^ " Another offensive campaign, which 

vto once the Russians shall, in addi- was equally contrary to the most Iniport- 

tMi to the Crimea^ the Phasis, and the ant rules of the art of war, was that of 

iksces of the Caspian, become possessed Portugal. The Anglo-Portuguese army 

of Constantinople Neither the patriot- consisted of 80,000 men, of which num- 

iaa of the people, nor the policy of the ber 15^000 were militia, who were in ob- 

covts of Europe, prevented the partition servation at Coimbra, and supported up- 

af Poland, or the spoliation of several na- on Oporto. The French army, after Xu^ 

^tm, nor uiB tb^ prevent the (all of Uie king Ciudad Bodrigo and Almeida, euter^h 

* NijMkon^s Memoirs of the History of France during his Reign. 8vik Colbum. 


«d PortugBl'72,Q00 strmg. It attacked 
the enemy in position on the heights of 
Basaco. The two armiea were of equal 
foree, but the position of Busaco was 
very strong. The attack failed, and the 
next morning the army turned those Unes 
by proceeding on Coimbii. The enemy 
then effected his retreat on Lisbon, burn- 
ing and laying waste the country. The 
French genenl pursued him closely, left 
no corps of obsenration to restrain the 
division of 15»000 militia at Oporto, aban- 
doned his rear, and Coirabra, his place of 
depot, where he left 5000 sick and wound- 
ed. Before he had arrived at Lisbon, the 
Portuguese division liad already occupied 
Coimbra, and cut him off from all means 
of retreat. He ought to have left a corps 
of 6000 men to occupy Coimbra, and 
keep the Portuguese division in awe. 

"It is true, that he would in that case 
have arrived at Lisbon with only 60,000 
men, but that number was sufficient, if it 
was the English General's intention to 
embark; if, on the contrary, he intended 
to maintain himself in Portugal, as there 
was every reason to believe, the French 
ought not to have passed Coimbra, but to 
have taken up a good position before that 
city, even at several marches distance, for- 
tified themselves there, subjected Oporto 
by means of a detachment, organized their 
rear and their communications with Al- 
meida, and v^iiited till Badajoz was taken, 
and the army of Andalusia arrived on the 
Tagus. When arrived at the foot of the 
intrenchments of Lisbon, the French ge- 
neral failed in resolution; yet he was 
aware of the existence of those, lines, , 
since the enemy had been labouring on 
them for three months. The prevalent 
opinion is, that if he had attacked them 
on the day of his arrival, he would have 
carried them, but two days after it was 
no longer pot^. The Anglo-Portuguese 
army was there reinforced by a great 
number of battalions of militia ; so that, 
without gaining any advantage, the French 
general lost 5000 sick and wounded, and 
his coinmunications with his rear. When 
before Lisbon, he discovered that he had 
not sufficient ammunition, he had made 
po calcularion previously to his opera- 

- Napoleon here labours to shifl the 
defeat on the shoulders of his old ri« 
▼al, the Enfant raiS de la VicUArc, 
That an (ud loTdier like Massena 
shotdd have forgotten to calculate his 
cartrtdgea^ is absurd ; the true miscal* 
culation was on the bravery of the 
BritiBh> and the ahility of their gene- 
ral. Some of his desultory and scat- 


tered thoughts are hi^^y 
tic of the man. 

« After the re-embarkation of the Eng^ 
lish army (at Cornnna), the King of Spain 
(Joseph) remained inactive. He ought to 
have marched on Cadis, Valencia, and 
Lisbon. Political means would then have 
done the rest No one can deny, that 
if the court of Austria, instead of decla- 
ring war, had allowed Napoleon to re- 
main four months longer in Spain, all 
would have been over. The presence of 
a general is indispensable. He is the 
head, the wholes of an army. It was not 
the Roman army that subdued Gaul— it 
was Caesar himself; nor was it the Car- 
thaginian army that made the Republic 
tremble, but Hannibal himself^ nor was 
it the Macedonian army whidi reached 
the Indus, but Alexander. It was not 
the French army which carried the war 
to the Weser and the Inn, but Turenue ; 
nor was it the Prussian army which, for 
seven years, defended Prussia against the 
three greatest powers of Europe— it was 
Frederick the Great" 

The motive of the Russian war wai 
undoubtedly Napoleon's ambition of 
being a univerad conqueror, urged 
on by his personal hatred of England. 
The conquest of Russia was contem« 
plated as completing the European 
barrier against EngliMi commerce and 
continental alliance. The alleged mo- 
tives, however, are curious, and not 
inconsbtent with the true. 

** It was considered that the French 
empure, whicli Napoleon had created by 
so many victories, would infallibly be 
dismembered *at his death ; and the scep- 
tre of Europe would pfiss into the hands 
of a Czar, unless Napoleon drove back 
the Russians beyond the Borysthenes, 
and raised up the throne of Poland, the 
natural barrier of the empire. In 1812, 
Austria, Prussia, Germany, Swisserland* 
and Italy, marched under the fVench 
eagles — ^was it not natural that Napoleon 
should think the moment was arrived for 
consolidatihgthe immense edifice which he 
bad raised ; but on tlie summit of which 
Russia would lean with the wliole weight 
of her power, as long as she should be 
able to send her armies at pleasure on 
the Oder? Alexander was young and 
vigorous, like his empire. It was to be 
presumed that he would survive Ni^kk 
leon. Such was the whole secret of the 

The invasion of Russia^ as it was the 
last, was the mightiest effort of the 




Fracb imperiid fK>wer. It gives the 
strongest ulustimtion of the colossal 
netns of France and Napoleon. It 
WIS made with 400,000 men. 

" Tbe fpace of four hundred leagues 
betireen the Rhine and the Borysthenes 
VIS oecopied by friends and allies. From 
tbe Rhine to the Elbe by the Saxons ; 
thence to the Niemen by the Poles; 
tboice to the Borysthenes by the Li- 
thiuuu8n& The army had four lines of 
fortresses ; those of the Rhme, the Elbe, 
the Vtstola, and the Niemen. FromSmo- 
temko to Moscow, there were a hundred 
leignes of hostile country, Muscovy. Be- 
tween the Vistula and the Borysthenes, 
M0,000 men were left ; 160,000 only 
paaed the bridge of Smolensko. Of 
thoK, 40,000 remained to guard depots 
«i the way; 100,000 entered Moscow, 
W,000 had been killed in the march and 
tbe bsttle of Borodino. The march from 
Snolensko to Moscow was founded on 
tbe idea, that, in order to save that capi- 
til, the enemy would fight a battle ; that 
be would be defeated ; that Moscow 
wooM be taken ; that Alexander, to pre- 
senre or defiver his capital, would make 
pesee ; or that, if be should refuse it, the 
isnaense stores of that great city, and 
tbe 40^000 free and wealthy burghers 
wte inhabited it, would fiimish the means 
of foraung a national Noyau, for raising 
aa iasarreetton of all the shives in Rus- 
fk, and striking a fotal blow to the em- 
pile. The idea of burning a city almost 
M extensire as Paris, containing 300,000 
nok, was not regarded as a possibility.*' 


* Austria was to have declared herself 
igiffist France hi May 18ia The vie 
tones of Lutzen and Wurtzen on the 2d 
nd 31st of May made her proceed more 
cinenmspcctiy. Mettemich demanded the 
lUyrtsn provinces, and a frontier on the 
Usgdom of Italy, the Grand Duchy of 
Wftrsaw, and Napoleon's renunciation of 
tbe Protectorate of the Confederation of 
tbe Rhine, of the Mediatorship of the 
8wi»t Confederacy, of the Thirty-second 
ffitary Division, (Hamburgh, &c.) and 
Holland. An armistice bad been agreed 
00. The Duke of Vicenza was sent to 
Pkigiie. Napoleon then sent Count Bub- 
>o to the Emperor of Austria at Dres- 
*»i to offer the Illyrian provinces, di- 
^f^ from Italy by the Isonzo, the Grand 
J^ehy of Warsaw, the Protectorate of 
^ CkMifederation of -the Rhine, and the 
Mediatorship of the Swiss Confederacy. 
Hoilsad and the Hanse Towns were to 
^ retained till peace ; and as a means 

of conipensation» to obtain from England 
the restoration of the French colonies. 
When Count Bubna arrived at Prague, 
the term limited for the armistice had ex- 
pired several hours before. On this 
ground Austria declared her adhesion to 
to the coalition^ and the war recom- 
menced.*' I 

The military maxims of this pre- 
eminent master of his art are worth 

" The front of a battalion in line should 
be sixty toises, which requires 800 men 
under arms ; IGO more are to be allow- 
ed for drivers — fourth rank,** &c. 

*' There never can be more than one 
kind of infimtry, because the Jirehck it i/te 
best weapon/or war, that ever was invent- 
ed by man." 

** In an army in Flanders or Germany, 
the cavalry ought to be equal to a fourth 
of the inhuitry ; on the Pyrenees or the 
Alps, to a twentieth ; in Italy or Spain, 
to a sixth.'* 

•* Four pieces of artillery to every thou- 
sand of inhmtry and cavalry. The better 
the infantry, ^e more care ought to be 
taken of it by supporting it with good 

** Armies of 120,000 men have some- 
times marched in a single column, and 
been drawn up in line in the course of 
six hours." 

** The only fire practicable before the 
enemy, is that at discretion, commencing 
by the right and left of each company.** 

" The art of fixing a camp in a posi- 
tion, is merely the art of taking up a line 
of battle on that position." 

" Field fortifications are never inju- 
rious, but always useful, when skilfully 
planned. This part of the art of war is 
susceptible of great improvement.** 

" Discipline fixes the troops to their 
colours. They are not to be rendered 
brave by harangues, when the firing be- 
gins. The old soldiers scarely listen to 
them ; the young forget them on the first 
discharge of cannon. A gesture by a be - 
loved general is as good as the finest ha- 
rangue in the world.** 

** When the Emperor Napeleon used 
to say, as he rode through the ranks a- 
midst the fire, * XlTtfurl those colours, the 
mometit is at length arrived,** his gesture 
and manner filled the French soldiers 
with ardour and impatience." 

" There should be only one army, for 
unity of command is of the first necessity 
in war. The army must be kept in junc- 
tion. . The greatest possible number of 




ibfccs iDwt be oouccuti'Atcd QB tto ilelii 
of battle." 

** Make offieiisife war Hke Alexaader, 
Haanibal, Gustavus Adolphiis, TVirenne, 
Prince Eugene, and Frederic Read 
again and again the Matoiy of tbeff 88 
campaigns ; model Toursdf upon them. 
TiMt IB the onfy wa^ to become a great oam" 
numderp and to oh^in the secrets of tlie 

*< The garrisons of fbrtifled places ought 
to be dnMm from the popniation, and not 
from the active armj. Provincial ragU 
meuts of militia were intended for this 


Ifie Oreai Captain*, 
** Alexander conducted eight cam- 
paigns-^in Asia and India ; Hannibal, 
seventeen— one in Spain, fifteen in Italj, 
and one in Africa ; Qesar, thirteen— ei^t 
against the Gauls, and five against Pom- 
pe7*8 legions ; Gustavus Adolphus, three 
—one in Livonia against the Russians, 
and two in Germany against the House 
of Austria ; Turenne, eighteen— 4iine in 
France, and nine in Germany; Prince 
Eugene, thirteen— two against the Tkirks, 
five in Italy against France, and six on the 
Rhine, oi* in Flanders ; Faerie, eleven 
—in Silesia, Bohemia, and on the Elbe.— 
The history of these 88 campaigns would 
be a complete treatise on the art of war.'* 
In this enumeration of the ** thun- 
derbolts of the field/' he omits Mith« 
ridates^ Pompey^ and SyUa^ among 
the Ancients. Amonc the gr^ names 
of later tiroes^ Marlborough is omit- 
ted, probably from pique, though his 
campaigns were made a text-book in the 
Ecote Militaire, Wellington it would 
of course be vain to look for in Napo- 
leon's enumeration. Napoleon him- 
self made fourteen campaigns — two in 
Italy, five in Germany, two in Africa 
and Asia, two in Poland and Russia, 
one in Spain, and two in France. His 
first was in 1796, when he crosied the 
Alps from Savona. 

The study of the ** 89 campaigua" 
was not gratuitously advised by Na- 
poleon. French education is not deep- 
ly dassic, and Turenne, and the war 
minister of the day^ occupy a laiger 
space in the French mlHtary mind than 
tne whole stately genius ik antiquity. 
But Napdeon'a soul was war, and all 
the traces that survive of his thou^ta 
and studies, give the impression of a 
vivid and absorbing passion fbr all that 
made the art of supreme soldierthip. 
Arrian, Csaar, and Pcdybius, wert 
among his perpetual inyestigatiottB ; 

wbA ho dSitinolly girw Ui to usdlcfw 
itand, that, upon the ayvtem of tibe 
great captafais of antiquity, he fonnad 
that new and brilliant taetiqtie whidi 
overwhelmed Europe. His coup^^ail 
of the campaigns of Alexander, Cesar, 
&c is rapid, but striking, and imght 
form, in the hands of some of our mi- 
litary scholars, the nucleus of a work of 
remarkable interest and instruction. 

* Akssoder crossed the Dardanellas 
in the year 394 belore the Christiaa ei% 
with an army of 40,000 man, of which aa 
eighth part was cavaliy. He lioreod the 
passage of the Granicoa. which was de- 
fended by an army under MeflBBoa» • 
Greek, who commanded on the coast of 
Asia for Darius; after which he emplof- 
ed the whole of the year 333 in establlsli. 
ing his power in Asia Minor. He was 
supported by the Greek colonies en the 
riiores of the Black Sea and Mediterra. 
nean— Sardis, Ephesos, Tkrsus, Miletei^ 
&c The Kings of Persia allowed the 
provinces and cities to govern themsehrea 
by their peculiar laws. Their empire waa 
an union of eonfederate states ; it did not 
form a single nation ; and this ciroeai^ 
stance fiu;Bitated its ceoqaest. As Alex- 
ander aimed only at the throne of the 
Persian monarch, he easily appcopriaaed 
the rights of sovereignty to himtelf, be- 
cause he respected the usages, roa p aera» 
and laws of the people^ who suffsted bo 
change of oonditioa. 

*■ In the year 332 he encountered Da- 
rius, who, at the head of 600,000 meak 
occupied a position near Tarsus, on the 
banks of tJie Issus, in the strsits of Cili- 
cia; d^eated htm, entered Qyria, took 
Damascus, where the great King's -trea 
sures were deposited, and laid siege to 
lyre. That proud m^ropolts of the ooaa- 
meroe of the worid stopped him for nine 
months. He took Gbua, after a two 
months* siege, crossed the desert in seven 
days, entered Pelosium and Meoqihis, 
and founded Alexandria. He met with 
no obstacle, becanse Syria and Egypt wese 
always connected by interest with the 
Gredcs ; becanse the Arabian nations 
tested the Persians, and their hatred 
founded on religion $ and, finally, 
the Grecian troops of the Satraps joined 
the Macedonians In less than two ]reare» 
after two battles^ and four or five eiege^ 
the coasts of the Black Sea, finoaa the 
Phasis to Bysantiuw, and those of the 
Mediterranean as for as Aleandri^ eil 
Asia Minor, S|fria, and Egypt, were eub- 
dued by his arms. 

*< In 331 he repassed the deeert» en. 
camped at Tyrsb crossed CSide^rria» c»- 




pMtN tlie Euphrates 
Tigris, and defemted Darius in the 
plains of ArbeUa» as that prince was ad- 
vandog again^ him at the head of a still 
■Mm numerous anny than that of the 
IsKM. Babjkm opened itsgates to him. In 
330^ he forced the pass of Suza, took that 
town, Pter8qM>lis, and Fksagarda, where 
was the tomb of Cjmia. In 329 he turn- 
ed towards the North, and entered £c- 
bataoa, extended his conquests to the 
Sea* pnnished Bessus, the vile 
of Darius, penetrated into Scy- 
defeated the Scythians. It was 
in tiiis fampaign that he disgraced so 
■aogr trophies by thp murder of Farme- 
m^ In 328 he forced the passa^ of the 
receiTed 16,000 recruits from Ma- 
and subjected the neighbouring na- 
It was in this year that he lulled 
Clita» with his own hand, and required 
the Ma<»daninno to worship him, which 
they fdosed to da In 327 be passed the 
Imimit defeated Porus in a pitched battle^ 
look him prisoner, and treated him as a 
He intended to pass the Ganges, 
hk army revised. He sailed on the 
in 326, with 800 ships. On reach- 
ia% the ocean, he sent Nearchus, with a 
ieet, to coast the Indian Sea as far as the 
Euphrates. In 325 he spent sixty days 
m crossing the Desert of Gedrosia, enter- 
ed Kennann, returned to Fasagarda, Per- 
sapolis, and Suza, and married Statira, 
the daughter of Darius. In 324 he agam 
marched towards the north, passed to 
'^*iff*nt, and ended his career at Baby- 
lon, where he was poisoned. 

** His mode of war&re was methodical ; 
it merits the highest praise ; none of his 
eoavoys were intercepted ; his armies con- 
stantly kept increasing ; the moment 
when they were weakest, was when he 
eommenced operations at the Granicus. 
By the time he arrived at the Indus, his 
namben were tripled, without reckoning 
the eorps commanded by the governors of 
die eooqaered provinces, which were com- 
poacd of invalided or wearied Macedo- 
■ans, recruits sent from Greece, or drawn 
from the Greek troops in the service of 
the Satnps, or, finally, of foreigners raised 
aaMMif the natives in the country. Alex- 
ander merits the glory he has enjoyed for 
so many ages among all nations. But 
snppose he had been defeated on the Issus, 
where the army of Darius was drawn up 
in order of battle on his line of retreat,with 
its iaft to the mountains, and its right to the 
sea; whilst the Macedonians had Sieir right 
towards the mountains, their left towards 
the sea, and the pass of Cilicia behind 
then. Or suppose he had been beaten 
at ArbeIh^ with the Tigris, the Euphrates, 
Vol. XIV. 

wd the deserts in his rear, without fort- 
resses, and at a distance of nine hundred 
leagues from Macedon I Qr suppose he 
had been vanquished by Porus when 
driven from the Indus !** 

It will be observed^ that, nuoded 
with the general lesaoa of those da^ 
aling and romantic triumphs^ there is 
the particular defbioe of toe commen- 
tator. Napoleon had been charged 
with rashness as a prindi^e. He here 
labours to prove tnat this rashness is 
bnt another name fbr rapidity, ibr the 
oomroand of circtnnstances, for the 
sure seizure of that success which al- 
ways escapes the tardy, the timid, and 
the cold. — His review of Hannibal's 
career is urged by the same intention. 

. *< In the year 218, before the Christian 
era, HannibiEd left Carthage, passed the 
£bro and the Pyrenees, which mountains 
were previously unknown to the Cartha- 
ginian arms ; crossed the Rhone and the 
farther Alps, and, in his first campaign, 
established himself in the midst of the 
Cisalpine Gauls, who, constantly hostile 
to the Roman people, sometimes victors 
over them, but more frequently vanquish- 
ed, had never been subjected to their 
sway. In this march of four hundred 
leagues he spent five months ; he left no 
garrison nor depots in his rear ; kept up 
no communication with Spain or Car- 
thage, with which latter place he had no 
intercourse until after the battle of Tbn- 
^rmene, when he communicated by the 
Adriatic. A more vast, comprehensive 
scheme, was never executed by man.' 
Alexander's expedition was much less da- 
ring and difficult, and had a mudi greater 
chance of success. This offensive war 
was nevertheless methodical— the Cis- 
alpine people of Milan and Boulogne be- 
came Carthaginians to HaanibaL Had 
be left fortresses or dep6ts in his rear, he 
must have weakened his army, and ha- 
zarded the success of his operations ; he 
would have been vulnerable at all points. 
In 217 he passed the Aj^ienines, beat 
the Roman army in the plains of Thrasy- 
mene, conveiged about Rome, and occu- 
pied the lower coasts of the Adriatic, 
whence he communicated with Carthage. 
In the year 216, eighty thousand Romans 
attacked him, and he defeated them at 
the field of Cannse. Had he marched six 
days afterwards, he would have entered 
Rome, and Carthage would have been the 
mistress of the world ! The effect of tliis 
great victory was, however, immense. 
Capua opened its gates ; all the Greek co- 
lonies, and a great number of towns of 
Lower Italy, espoused the victorious side, 

• Z 


and abandoned the cause of Rome. 
Af bal's principle was to keep all his troops 
in jtoicdon ; to have no garrison but in a 
sfaigie place, which he reserved to him- 
self; to hold his hostagesi his great ma^ 
chiAes, his plisonen of dislinctioiV and 
hit sick, depending on tlw Melity of Ms 
allies ll»r his cominnkatiDns* He main, 
tabled himsalfBiacteon yeatos ia ita^, Witli- 
oatTeoetvinganySuceounfroai Cuthage; 

iVopoison. !>*• 

Han. rate Haitribil» ha kepi "•^■•■i""' "^ 
gaaines, and hospitals. On the sa«e 
principles, he conducted his seven other 

campaigns in OsmL ■„ » i 

** During the winter of 67, the Brt- 
gkns raised an army of aO^OW Mn» 
which they placed imder the coaAnatad cC 
Galba, King of Solssons. CiMM^ h^ingro- 

ceived toteUigenco of this event noto tfce 
Rhemi, his allies, hastaied to encamp on 

Ws govetnmeot, to fly to the defence of fbfcJng his camp, V^^ ^,^S 
his country. Fortune hetnyed him at vance on Rbemis; but '^— ' t™«~«i 
2atoa» and Carthage ceased to exist But 
had he been vanished at IVdibii^ Thra^ 
symene, or Canna, what greater disasters 
could have happened than those which 
followed the battle of ^ama? Althoudi 
defeated at the gates of his capital, he 
Could not save his ahny from utter de- 

Napoleon^s avowed iactique wte to 
rush forwards ; to take the enemy itt 
the moment of hesitation ; to overawe 
the heavy armies chained to their lines 
and fortresses, by the impettiotis pre- 
tfence bf a force ihut fell Mpah them liko 
the whirlwind or the thunder, Unex- 
pected and irresistible. The Toi^ioun 
en avani was his motto ; and he sneWs 
that it was the^otto of all the masters 
of war. He defends himself and them 
fVom the charge of fool-hardiness ; he 
proves that they risked much, but it 
was to gain alL 

« Cttsar was forty-one years of age when 
he commanded in his first campaign, in 
the year 58» before the Christiaii era, 140 

tills maacenvre^ and the Bdgmns 
banded ; aU the towns of this hne sob^ 
mitted in successkm. Hie peopteOfHii- 
nault surprised him on the Somte^ ha, 
the vidnity of Mauberge^ brfoie he tmrf 
time to draw up in line ; «it of eigkt H- 
gions whic* he then ha4 «** were aiiga^ 
g^ in raising the kitiettclnieBls of tk* 
camp, and two were stUI In the tearwMi- 
the baggage. Fortune Was so adveiM t» 
hfan on this day, that a body of cavmlr^ 
ftom Treves deserted hhn> and i pve id m 
leporttrf the destruction of theBomaii 
army wherever tftey went $ he wns, bow* 

ever, vktoriooSi 

^ In the year 56, he advtticed, at bAe 
push, on Nantes and Valines, detadrtng 
corps of considerable strength into Nor- 
mandy and Acquitain. The netrest point ' 
of his depots at that time ti-a^ Toulouse, 
from which place he was dlsthnt ISO 
leagues, and separated by mountkins, 
great rivers, and forests. 

** In the year 55, he carried the wtf tO 
Zutphen, in the interior Of HolHuid, 

Z^i^^lkln^The^ of Hd. where 400,000 barixtfiani, were paasing 

^tafl^tbeircount^tosetUeon ^\^^''!''^'^;j^^^^^^ 

Seshores of the ocean, to the number of «J ^*^ ^^" ^ .^^*J^^^^^^^^^^ 

So^Tthey had ninety thousand men the greater par^and dnvtagthe Othets to 

TS^^^eZJnng burgundy. ^^^^^^^^ t^S'n^f '^^ 

^rpeople of Autun called Oesar to «* i?l5""f ij ^'l^^' ?^ T^^ 

iJeLKince. He left Vienne, a forU embarked at Boulogne, Upd ttisde a de- 

reas of the Roman province, marched up icent »n England. 
SrRheihHPe»«ed Ac Saone at Chalons, •* ]^ the vw^fceohce more CtoSsed 

iLfiPitrSranny of the Helvetians the Cbimnel, ^^^^^^^^'^^^^ 

rSaV^s march from Autun, and defeated the banks oj^^^^^f^*^ S?'*f£^ 

SS^toT^dlq>utodb;Sk. After for- "^ ^^^^^l*^^*^^^ 

ctethem to wtum to their mountains, nox. I» *J^?«' ^*«!^ f^!^^ 

SlI^ the<rtc possession of gence that his lieutenant S^us had 

^2Sr«^«^««^ beenslaughterednearTYeves,withilfteen 

the army of Ariovistus, whkjh he met a 
few marches from the Rhine, defeated it, 
and forced it to re-enter Germany. At 
this battle he was ninety leagues from 
Vienne; at the battle with the Helve* 
tkms) seventy lesgnes. In this campaign 
he consomUy kept the six legions which 
composed his army joined in a single 
ceitis. He left the care of his communt. 
cutlonB to his aUies, having always a 
month's provisions In a Ibrtrim, where. 

cohorts, and that Quinlos Ciceto Was be- 
sieged in his camp at Toftgres, he as«ra- 
bled 8000 or 9000 men, commenced hi^ 
march, defeated Ambiorbc, wlio advanced 
to meet hhn, and telieved Cfcero. 

<< In the year 53, he suppressed the 
revolt of the people, of Sens, Cliaitres, 
Treves, and Liege, and passed the Rhine 
a second time. 

« The Giuls were already Ini^gitatlOn ; 
the Insurrection burst forth on cfvei^ ald^. ' 

198$.^ Kapohim, Iff 

I>mf cbe wiotar d &$, tkit vMki po* U19 «pM)« betweoi Uie JSIbro iml tbe 

pttlalMD r9«e ; «ven tke €|itlU«l people oC 3iefni Moreaa, estebiiatied petMse id An* 

Autan took pert in the wen. Tke Ro- dalutia, end returned to mike his entiy 

nen joke was odkms to Uie people of into Mar«dllefl^ whiob city his treop^ hed 

GauL Csser wes edvited to return i»- just taken ; he then proceeded to Rome^ 

to the Roasen province, or to repeas the exercised the dictatoiahip there for tea 

Alps; he edop^ neither of theee plant. 
He ttaihad tenlegtone $ he passed the 
l4Mre and besieged Pourgee, in the depth 
cfwntcf^ took that dty, in theaigi|(of 
the amj of Verdiwetorii^ and laid siege 
te Cleniiont; he fiiilcd, k>st his bostsges^ 
■e g aain es , and horses; these were b( 
HcTor^ the pbce of his depot, of which 
the people of Auton took possession. 
Nothing conld appear more critical than 
aitnatioD. Labienus, his lieutenant^ 
kept in afarm by the people of Fftrts ; 
ir ordered him to join him, and, wiUi 
hie whole army in junction, laid siege to 
Alesi% in which town the Gallic army 
had endoaed itselt He occupied fifty 
d^s in fortifying his lines of counterval- 
ladoB and eircumyalbitkm. Gaul raised a 
army, more numerous than that 

days, and departed once more to putUgik 
self at the head of twelve legions, which 
Antony had assembled a( Brindisi. 

« In the year 46^ he crossed the Adfi* 
atac with 9^000 nien, held all Pompey'e 
forces in check for several month% unti^ 
being joined by Antony, who had cross- 
ed the sea in defiance of the fleets of the 
enemy, they marched in junctfon 00 
l^ymLobium, Bompey's phwe of depoti 
which they invested, Ppmpey encamp-* 
ed a fow mites from that plao% near the 
see. Ppoa this, Caasar, not content with 
hainng invested Dyracchium, invested 
the enemy's camp also. He availed him* 
self of the summits of the surrounding 
hiUs, occupied them with twenty-four 
fortsb wliich he reiseii^ and thus e8tii>lish» 
edaeountervaliationofsixlesgues. IV>m- 
wUeh she hed jest lost; the people of pey, hemmed in on the shore, received 

provisions and reinforcemente by 90% hy 
means of his fleet* which commanded the 
Adriatic. He took edventege (^ his cei)r 
tral position, ettacked and dc^^aM Cm 
sar, who lost thirty standwds, and thirty 
thousan d soldiers, the best <tf |m# veteran 
troops. His fortunes a|>peared to totter ; 
he could e^^ect no remfoicements ; the 
sea was closed against him; Pompey 
■e point vulnerable. He availed himself had eveiy advantager But Caesar made a 
el hie victory to regain the affections of march or fifty leagues, earned the war in* 
the people of Autun, amongst whom he to Thessaly, and defeated Pompcy*8 ar* 
pasittd the Mrinter, although he made sue* nay >n the plains of Pharsalia. Pompey^ 
ccssive expeditions, at a hundred leagues almost alone, thougii master of the sea, 
distent from eech otheiv with different fled, and presented himself as a suppliant 
trpopa. At Jength, m the year 51, he on the coa^t of Egypt, where he fell by 

the hand of a base assas^ii^. 

** A few 4ays after, Caesar went in pur- 
suit of him to Alexandria, where he waf 
besieged in the palace aqd amphitheatw 
by the populace of that great city, and 
the army of Achillas. At length, after 
nine months of danger and continual 
battles, the loss oi any one of which 
would have been fiital to him, he triumph- 
ed over the Egyptians. 

« In the meantime, Scipio, liBbienus, 
and King Juba, ruled in Africa, with four- 
What rapidity! what promptitude ! what teen legions, the remains of Pompey's 
bofalness ! IK^iiist the ships necessary for party ; they had numerous squadrons, and 
pesahig the Adriatic, and ftdiowing his scoured the sea. At Uticai, Cato breathed 
rival into Greece, were preparing, he the hatred he felt into every bosom. 
peaaed the Alps and Pyrenees^ crossed Gesar embarked with a few troops, reach- 
Gatakmia at the head of 900 horse— a ed Adrumetum, sustained reverses in se- 
foree ecaroely sufficient for his escort-* vera! engagements, but being at length 
anived before Lerida, and, in forty days, joined by bis whole army, defeated Sci- 
sabdoed Fompey*8 legions commanded pio, Labienus, and King Juba on the 
by Afrutus. He then zapidiy traversed plains of Thapsus. Cato, Scipio, and Ju- 

akme remained thitfafiil to Rome. 
The Oaule anived to compel him to raise 
the siege ; the garriaon united ita efforta 
with tlum, during three days^ in order 
to deetrof the Ronums in their lines. 
OMar tnnnphed over all obstades ; Ale- 
lb foil* and the Ganls were aubdued. 

^ Onrhig this great contest, the whole 
of Owaer'e amy was in his camp ; he left 

sic^ to Cahors^ where the last of t|ie 
Galfic army perished. The Gauls became 
Roman proviac^ the tribute from whic^i 
added to the wealth of Rome eight mil- 
tiens ci money annually. 

** In Caaar*s campaigns of the civil 
wv, he confueredf by foUowing the same 
aediod and the same principles, but he 
CH much greeter risks. He pasaed the 
lUfaicon with a ain^ legion ; at Corfi- 
niwn» he took thirty coShorts; and, in 
three months, drove Pompey out of It^y. 

180 NapoUm. C^^g* 

ba Idlled themteWes. Neither fortreaaes, fbngfat two bsttiet ; was yictorious botii 

nnmerous squadroni, nor the oaths and at Leipzig and Lutzen, but met his death 

duties of states, could save the vanquish- in the latter field. In this short career, 

ed from the ascendancy and activity of the however, he established a great repota- 

victor. In the year 45, the sons of Pom- tion, by his boldness, the rapidity of his 

pey havifig assembled in Spain the rem- movements, the discipline ahd intrepidity 

nants of the armies of Pbarsalia and of his troops. Oustavus Adolphus was 

Thapsos, found themselves at the head of actuated by the principles of Alexander, 

a more numerous force than that of their Hanniba), and Caasar." 
fUher. Csesar set out from Rome, reach- He pursues this review throagb the 

ed the Guadalquivir in twenty-three days, campaigns of Tnrenne — whom he con- 

and defeated Sextus Pompey at Mnnda. siders as altogether superior to his ri-> 

It was there that, being on the point of val Mohtecuculi — and those of Frede- 

losing the battle, and perceiving that his old nc and Eu^ne. His own campaigns, 

legions seemed shaken, it is said he had the most tnumphant and celehratrac^ 

thoughts of killhig himself. Labienus fell them all, are rapidlv traversed, and 

in the battle. The head of Sextus Pom- his military simiUtude to the race of 

pey was -laid at the victor's feet. SHx conquerors sustained in every shape of 

months after, in the Ides of Msorch, Caesar profound theory and fierce and resist- 

was assassinated in the midst of the Ro- Jegg execution. It is here that we see 

man Senate. Had he been defeated at Napoleon in his true point of distino- 

Pharsalia, Thiq>8us, or Munda, he would ^^^ j^ ^ ^^^^ Bspecta he was re- 
have suffered thefate of thegrwit Pom- ^^^^ ^^ contemptible. Aa a politi. 

pey, Metellus, Sdpio, and Sextiw Pom- ^ ignorant, narrow, and tyramiical; 

pey. POmpey. to whom the Romamj as an individual, vicious, ietn, and 

were w much attached ; whom they sur- cruel: but, asaildier,eihibiSithe 

named the Great, when be was but ST"; J«l Tfll!,;^^ 

twenty-four years of age ; who, after con- ^^^ZT^^f^SS^^i! ^ ?SSS" 

queriiiineighteen campaigns, triumphed ^^7^* "^^^^^^^J^^^ 

ivertL«^ofthe{vorid,andealTied Englishmen are not hkely to be the 

the Roman name to such an elevation of adulators of this scouige of tlie hmnan 

gloiy ; Pompey, defeated at Pbarsalia, ^ ; hut it is impoasiDle to bok uoon 

there closed his career. Yethewasmas- «18 "se and his career, the suddeii 

ter of the sea, while his rival had no splendour in which he shot above ihe 

fl^t. clouds of that stormy and sulten Re- 

** Caesar's principles were the same as volution ; the mighty mastery wi A 
those of Alexander and Hannibal ; to keep W"ich he wielded the qatfonal strengtii, 
his forces in junction ; not to be vulne- broken and dismayed as it had been ; 
rable In any direction ; to advance rapid- the appalling rwidity with which he 
ly on important points; to calculate on crushed all that Europe had been build- 
moral means, the reputation of his arms, ing up of sovereignty for ages, without 
and the fear he inspired ; and also on po- acknowledging that Napoleon was 
litical means, for the preservation of the among the most powerfm and most 
fidelity of his allies, and the obedience of formidable spirits tnat ever influenced 
the conquered nations. sDcietjr. Manldnd may well rejoice that 

« Gustavus Adolphus crossed the Bal- he is m his grave. Of what other man 

tie, took possession of the isle of Rugen for these thousand years can it be said^ 

and Pomerania, and led his forces to the that his life was a terror, and his death 

Vistula, tlie Rhine, apd the Danube. He a relief to the world ^ 

IMS.)} Letier^flnm a ContHhOor in the Sitlks. 181 


DeaeNoeth^ marches to bed with a cocked hat, 

Y«u R anger with me for not writing booted and sparred, with a huge sword 

artidesfor your Magazine, is most on- carried in state before him, and his 

RRsonable. You know that the mo- bride bringing up the rear in her bed- 

ment I turn mj back on Edinburgh, gown ? 

j«ii«ad«U TOOT conMrns are formt. « Semor,dm.,era^ leckcr«u,, kmd- 
tea, or, if naaembered, heartily wub- Imvittain.' 


ed at the deriL Then come your in-* 

ismal letters, week after week, with '' Besides, the jingle of lecherous 

that huge head on the wax, the look and treacherous, the Jirtt ia become 

of wfaidi makes me break out into aknott obsoUie^ and, in compliance 

a €oki sweat. Oh, that the Magazine with modem manners, should be 

had sever existed I Then might I omitted, or exchanged for a word less 

have had some comfort in this life, offensive." Well done, Tom, again. 

How the devil can I write articles. What think ye of that, Mr Bowdler 

without books, pen, ink, and paper ? of Balh ? 
Qh» liord ! that the Magazine would „ ^m i * ^t. .>.• 

hot stop for a few roonUis now and The ploys the thing, 

then, like My Grandmother. With ^*'f^^^rUc<uch the conscience rfthekin^.- 

what a venerable graee does that old " That the representation of murder, 

bdy re-appear on her cratch land how before the murder, will not always 

oomplaoentlT does the public welcome produce the desired effi^ (who &e 

the bed-ridden 1 So would it be with devil eupposee it would '/) we have a 

Maga. Let her pretend to be d«iid till remarkable instance in the story o£ 

Cfariatmaa, and all her sins will be for- Derby and Fisher, 
gstten. Bat, oh I my dear sir, these *^ They were two gentlemen, very 

eternal Uxnaeuu are more thud flesh intimately acquainted. The latter was 

aad blood can endure ; and, good a dependent on the former, who ge» 

epiaoml as I am, you have sickened nerously supplied him with die means 

me iMoed with the thirty-nine ar- of living as became a man of birth 

ncLsa. and education. But no benefits are 

Wel^well — what is to be done? sufficient to bind the base and the un- 

Uereis a bookin three volumes. What gratefol. After pardngoneevening with 

is it? <' Drsmatte Miscellanies, by Mr Derby, at his chambers in the 

l%amm Davies, 1784." Perhaps he Temple, with all the usual marks of 

IS a blockhead. Bat, Uockhead or not, friendship, Fisher contrived to get into 

heshall be made to contribute, and be his apartments, with an intent to rob 

faaued to him, like his betters. Now and murder his friend. This he an- 

for bis Notes on Hamlet— happily accomplished. For some time 

^ _- , . . , no suspicion fell on the murderer. He 

Th^^au, dead corse, agam tn complete appewed as usual in aU public places. 

^^^^ He was in a side-box at the play of 
''Mr Stevens, firom Okas Wormius, Hamlet ; and when Wilkes uttered that 
proves it to be a costom of the Danish part of the soliloquy, which spoke of a 
nogs to be buried in their armour. ' Guilty creature s sitting at a play,' a 
Seiwd, Earl of Northumberland, who ladv turned about, and, looking al him, 
lived in the days of Edward the Con- said, ' I wish the villain who murder- 
fesBor, was,bjliis desire, buried, arm- ed Mr Derby were here.' The lady 
ed at all pointa. But what is more and Fisher were straneers to each 
airamge, Fullflr, in his Worthies, re- other. It was afterwards Known, that 
ktes, thai one of our old savage war» this was the man who had killed hia 
riore womU go to bed dreesed in hie ar^ firieud. The persons present in the 
mour to hie neunmarried bride.*' Well box declared, that neither the speech 
done, Tom Davies I Thou art the first fVom the actor, nor the exclamation 
man that ever indulged in sudi a &ncy from the lady, made the least exter- 
on beholding the buried Majesty of nal impression on the murderer. Fisher 
Denmark. Is it the King <^ Portugal, soon escaped to Rome, where he pro- 
of who iM it, that on hia marriage ni^t, fcagcd himself a Roman Catholic, and 

189 lt€i$erfr9ifi^C9ntnkiafn'iMth$Su9t4' t,Amf^ 

gained an asyhun. About five-«Dd« " Snm me, <md haoer oer me with yomr 

twenty TJ^ub dnoe, mv friettd« Mr wng^ 

Richarawilflon^tlieUndscipepauiterp roMAravrm^jMfvib^** . 

saw Fisher at Rome, and spoke to him. 

He was then, I tliink, one of tha ''At the appearance of the ghost, 

amoM:ni/», and a pioture-dealeir/' Hamlet immeoiatoly fisea from his 

seat affirighted; at the tame time k% 

<* And let tkm that phjf yovr cUnmh ctmtrive^ to kick down hi$ chair, ufhidk, 

apeahno more than is tet dawn fur lAop**' b^ making a sudden noist, it was in** 

gmed« would comtjiibotb to twi 

" In the play of the Recruiting Of- PxaTuasATiON and Taajio& or thb 

ficer, Wilkes was the Captain Plume, iNcwaNT. But this, in my opinioa, 

and Pinkethman one of the reomits. is a poor stage-trick, and ahouki be 

The Captain, when he enlisted hhn, afoided/' 

a^ed his name. Instead of answer-i Well done, Tom Davica, again aay 

ing as he ought, Pinkey replied, 'Why we* Letussee what sartitf notes yaa 

dcm't yott know my name. Bob ? I write on Julius Cfaesar. Not ao rerj 

thought every fool had known that V bad, by any moans, aa might have 

Wilkes, in a rage, whispered to him been anticipated, Tom aignea the oo« 

the name of the recruit, Thomas Ap- kbrated question, " Waa Brntoa juft# 

peltree. The other retorted aloud, tifiable," Ike, and we think be puts ia 

' Thomas Appdtree ! Thomas Devil 1 in a new light* " The Bnmana, aayn 

My name is Will Pinkethman ;' and h^ " weighed their fidies at tdbk, and 

immediately addnasing an inhabitant took a pleaaure in beholding them er<« 

of theunper regions, he aaid, ' Harkee, pire* The death of a muUua, with the 

fiiend, don't you know mv name ?'— variety and change o£ ooloun in ita laai 

' Tea, Master Pinky,' saia a respond* momentsi, says Dr Arbuthnot fran 

cut, ' we know it very welL' The Pliny, waa reckoned one of the moat 

playhouse was now in an uproar ; the entertaining spectacles in the world* 

auoienoe at first eigoyed the petulant And now I hops wa shall bka* 

folly of Pinkethman, and the distress Ko hou or thb wiaasT avd bmbt 

of Wilkes ; but, in the prqmss of the- m bn akonost trb Romanb app no* 

joke, it grew tiieaome, and Pinkey met vino th b assassination or Jvliob 

his deaerts-Hi very severe reprimand CiiSAB«" This settles the yiestimi fiar 

in a hiss ; and this mark of diiylea* ever — so let the Speculative Soeie^ 

aare he changed into a pp lause, by cry« discuss it no moK.^-Oh 1 North I I 

ing out, with a countenance as mdan- can read no more of thia Tom Daviok 

dmlv as he could make it, in a loud The book is aaid to bo extremely eiw 

nasal twang, ' Odso, I fear I am tertaining, and no doobt your eoRe- 

avoB^/'" — Let LiatoB and othcsa spondent T. D. could shew it to be aa^ 

read this, and Unah for their gratai^- Bnt I hate the stsge, and aU that he* 

tone bufEbonery. A low jester on the longs to it; and am of opinion that 

atage ought never to besnffcred to ipse none of Shakespeare's playa were otir 

the slightest insdtenoe to the audienoew cmally intended for repreaentation* I 

His drollery must be bounded by the nave no heart to prove this just now ; 

raw of lights above the heads m the but, take my word for it, it was the 

fiddlers; and the monoent he presumes caae ; and in this way can we at onoe 

fiu-ther, everv person in the theatre baa account fiMrooradmimhlftfiriead Lamb's 

a right to pelt him with bad pence, or being afibcted ao muoh more in tiba 

worse onows. A hiss U insufficient doset then the theatre by Willy'a 

— ^^ — — ^ — — _ — --_ __ — — 

— -nothinff like a lash on the braaen gedies. 

beow of me buffix>n. Low fsrce is, at Here ia '^ Britiah Field Sporta, hj 

the best, somewhere abont the mean«< William Henry Scott. Snarwood^ 

eat of all allowable human recreation ; Noely, and Jonea, &o. 181S." " 'Sham 

and the animal performing it doea, fi>r miiaty"Baya thia hamane and eKceUcnt 
the time being, make himself too con- writer, *' hena indiecrimiaaie periodim 

temptible to retsin any right to look a eal whippimgcfihe komds intke lamp, 
gentleaBan in the face, much less to I seriously recommend this advice to 

ooUoquy with a lady in a side-box* the gentiaacn of your Magaaineu What 

There can be no ilMberslity in saying do 9»ey mean bv eveahmaglv layi^ 

ao-^-and therafore once more we re- on theae poor hounda, Huutt, the 

peat, «' Well done, Tom Oavies r\ Hnnts, iumI all that padk ? Itisafno 


IsBiterfitln a OmiWAilof m^ ffo ShUkr* 

KtfMfig will do but haute. 

Bjr the way> S^tt, my good,fd[W» 
ml yott have the goodn«My in anoUier 
editioii of ifoor cxoeUent volumej to 
tcfl m^ wnethilr a fbs^hoiiiul or a 
laee-hone ia vwif test fbr a tact of four 
fliOea? I ohierve that, at pm 408, 
ytm Satom ns, that Flying Cm^^en, 
porli^M the ilealeat hme that enr 
itn, did the Beacon eonne of tbat 
miks, one fttrioag» one hnndred and 
thfrty-eight yards, in eeven minntea 
and difaty seconds ; and, at page 407, 
yon state p08iti?ely, that a fox-hound 
Midi of Coionel Thomton'k ran ftrar 
■Ots fai seven minntea and half a se« 
€oad, whidi, good air, is fkster than 
Chfldera. Cnrse me if I can swalloir 
dMt at my time of liflh Yon also in- 
innn tis> that Cfaildersraa three miles, 
siat Atrloogs, and ninety-thxee yards, 
in six minntes and forty seconds, add« 
laig, ** Boatly a^er the tmte of one mile 
in tho minute." Now, worthy sir, 
Jtph Hume himself eotild not havo 
ctp oa iid himaelf more diim you* do 
here ; ftr, look again, and you will at 
eaee obeenre, that such running is 
mote ncftrly at the rste of a mile in 
two mwases. 

** Coek-fighting,'' says our author, 
** Is prupomi ced in a breath horrible ! 
Weighed, however, in the baknce of 
raMQKi and Ihct, it is attended widi 
the Isoat cruelty of all our dinnions, 
not even my fkvowite hors^raeing 
esttpted. I shall be Very cxneditiotts 
in my proof. The ganMsoodc is kept 
in a state of happiness and oomfbrt 
noiil the di^r of battle; he cannot 
ihsB be forced; but, in fighting, is 
actuated bv hib natund instineto'-is 
in twt gn^ed ; and if he fkUs by his 
advetaary'a vreapon, he is the sooner 
ent vf toe sense of pain. Let not the 
reader, however, mistake me fbr an 
advocate oi oodc-fighting, for which, 
in tmdi, I have no kind of relish ; 
and probably should fed almost as 
weaned, and out efface, at the code* 
pit royal, as at sitting to hear a l6ng« 
winded ptnitanical sermon — an enter- 
tstenent to which stale bread and sour 
sBMfi bear ave luxuries." 

This is well put, Nnth ; and perw 
ftcdyJuatMaiyouand me in our ^ 
vo«iie sport. A cocker on a huge 
aarie^ Ifte mytljotd Derby, for exam<- 
^ Mita, we fdiall say, (trial battles 
atti al^) five bundled birds per an- 
anok One sod all of these birds en- 
joys like mmo^ happiness that bM 


eta e^JOy, during a Ufb of one, two^ 
or thiee years^ aa may happen ; and 
the death of one and aU of them, time 
taken at an average, occupies about 
three minntes of cut and come again. 
But besides these five hundred bfards 
whidi fight, several hundred moto 
have been called into existence, which 
do not fight at all, but ei^oy the lux-» 
urr of a natural death, in their cl]dck*« 
enhood, from the bands of Dolly the 
scullion. Moreover, somewhere flU)Ottt 
a thousand hen«>diiokens have been 
dacked, which, but fbr cock-^hting, 
had never diipped the shell, and idiidi 
are either humanely made into p^ 
dnrinff the tenctemess of their untrod- 
den vughii^, or kept ibr breeding; 
and in neimer predicament are they 
ever heaM to utter a comnkiDt. A 
prodigious sum total of featnered hap^ 
piness is thus produced ; and a con- 
stant OQck-a-doodle-doo kept up from 
fkrm-house to farm-house all over 
England, than which nothing can be 
more agreeable to the feelingB of a man 
and a Christian* q. s. n. 

" Piitience," says Mr Scott, " is the 
angler's diief virtue." Here, sir, you 
ate wrong. No doubt, if you take your 
station at thestemof apuntin a pond, 
and voluntarily stake your credit on 
an attempt to ddude a brace of perch, 
out of tbe scanty brotherhood that are 
par-boiled in stagnant mud during 
the dog-days, patience will be fbund 
highly usmd, indeed indispensable. 
But what has patience to do on th^ 
green or rodcv banks of a beautifol 
stream, with aU its pools and shallows, 
and its light and shade, and its calms 
and breeies, and its silence, its mur- 
murs, its dashing, and its thunder? 
Why, the angler so placed, is happy 
as a bridegroom on his wed^ns-day ; 
and yon may as well tell me, 3iat of 
an ardent ]fouth of twenty, on that 
latter occasion, th^ chief virtue is pa- 
tience. Stuff! The less patience the 
better. An angler should be impatient, 
eager, bold, active, vigorous, and full 
of fire — in evenr respect the reverse of 
Mr H. of the Liber Amoris, who, for 
his drivelling, was despised, even by 
the dauriiter oia, tailor ; knew not how 
to bait nis hook, or fiisten his rod ; 
nor, after he had missed the mouth of 
a loose-fidi by his awkward and im- 
potent skillessness, had the sense, by 
a soddoi jerk, to catch her by the 
ta£Mn. A Cockney, sitting in the 
stocks, must have padenoc ; but not so 


Letter fr^m a CaOrOi^tor m the SuOtt. 


•n ang^ and • centlenum on TweeilU 
aide, or bgr the ntwet Dee. 

Wbatf in the name of ponteoaitT 
and Troy weight, hs?e we got heref 
two volumes in 4to— «ach an apparent 
load for a miller, and too nnich tat the 
back of a Sesagenaiion like the preaent 
conlribntor^ once a man not unknown 
in the gymnaatic hemianhere — *' Life 
of Hajley !" Here, inoeed^ ia a tri- 
umph of temper. No tombatone can 
be flatter than auch a monument. A 
patent coffin ia a jdce to a oorp-aafe 
tikethia. Open, Siaame! Now that the 
gatea are unfcdhled, let aome younger 
man turn again die weary load upon 
itB hinjiea. For twdfe years did our 
good friend Colbum support the toug^ 
annuitant, at the vate of £460 per an* 
imm; and lof.the upshot! Kind- 
hearted Hayley I jilted m youth, liring 
i^^art fitom the yri£e of ma bosom in 
manhood, and fbraaking hia tlnrd flame 
in his dotage, what a UEaifiT wert 
thou! Is thu one of the poets of Eng- 
land? The friend of Cowper? The 
modd of a reduae? Vain, heartleaa, 
wavering, aelfiah, dull, doting drivel- 
ler, what art thou now I What a lea- 
son is here ! Versifying on the death 
of hia friends! Sermonising on the fu^ 
neral of the wife whom he forsook in 
her insanity ! And, last of all, forsa- 
king the bed of youth and beauty* in 
the capricious impotence of dotage, that 
could gloat no more ! Epitaph, epi- 
grams, lyrics, charades, epwtlea, sa- 
tires, tragedies, and epics, all alike 
feebly begotten, imperfectly concelTed, 
and abortively delivered! Peevidinesa, 
aulldneaa, the wretdiedneaa of perpe- 
tual failure ; egodam feeding on g^- 
bage, and yet aoomed to inaatiate cra- 
ving, and sick with the flatulence of 
constitutional imbecility^ and the thin 
diet of solitarv and mis-directed stu- 
diea, that produced only constipation. 

e rn ctat iflpj indige^OD, blue 
death, contend and oblivion ! •▲ 
man wkbont back or loina, wieatUng 
for immortality ! The lame and the 
hah in aonl atriving-to ctimb the hill 
of fomel The alave a^ing the free ! 
The mean amugriinff himaelf into the 
ranka of the mipi^ 1 Lipa Made wilh 
aoot, but untouched with the coal fraa 
heaven! The alaver of fatuity for ^ 
dew of inapiratioB ! Down sad p«d- 
dock-hatr, inalead of the atrong pi- 
nion! The gabble of the gooae m ttie 
aong of the swan ! The hobble of the 
Sum>lk punch, bred in and in» for the 
gallopofthe<'deaert-bom!" ThealCH 
len hon's hide dangling over the na- 
ked neck of the cuddy* inatead of the 
oa magna aonaturum, the long leathern 
jawa, filled with half-chewed dodka 
and burra, intermingled with ating- 

I obaerve, by the way, that thcve 
baa been a aerioua miainideffatanding 
between Sherwood, Neely> and Jonea* 
and* Fieroe £gan« I am soaryfor it. 
They are Bpirited> boneat, kind-beori- 
ed publiahers, as any in the Idngdom, 
and BoKiana. ia the prince of good fot- 
lowa. I wish they could make their 
quarral up^ Authors and pnWdwrs 
Miould alwaya be good friends. P ier c e 
aeema to have been paid handaomely, 
and no man descrvea ii better. Aa to 
his fonr th voltime of Boidana, we ne- 
ver heard of it, and raqueat him to aend 
ua a copy forthwith I Aa tiiia b a na- 
tional concern, we intend to give a foir 
atatement to the public^ 

My dear North, I began ^lia letter 
rather quecrish, and waa half-indinad 
to pidc a quarrel with you ; but I be- 
gin to foel the old regard for von and 
Maga, and depend upon aomething ae- 
rioua and erudite by Thuraday'a post*. 
Youra reapectfully, &€» 

THE Toav. 
No. II. 

England haa at length fdAy revert- 
ed to her old state of peace. War is at 
an end, and even the spirit of war is 
laid ; that andent fiery blast whidi had 
scorched and heaved ner for an entire 
generation, is blown over ; the flnctu- 
adona that fdlowed the pause of hoa- 
tilitiea, and made it more uncaay than 
ever, haa gone down; manufootuinea 
and agriciuture have put on a faee of 

activity, cheerMneaa, and profit; the 
restoration of cash payments haa ggaie 
tltfou^ its round, uid entered into 
the healthful and quiet svatem of tite 
national prosperity, which it ia to dia- 
turbnomore. The red^|Krtma of the 
national expenditure, pa^iful and an- 
xious opeTationa at the beat, have now 
compleied their ooune of difficulty, 
and they arehemieforthtobefoitott- 

ISBST] The Tory. No. II. 1S5 

U in Ikfatenhig die pablic burthens, peal of the Mdt dades within « brief 

it tbkhaor, £iigLtnd stands in a mofe period, to extjugnish lotteries after the 

TJ^ieroos and loftier position, with present vear, and to swe^ away the 

tentt flDed with a richer plenitude of whole of the assessed taxes of Ireland 

htthh and spirits, and hex eye com* at onoe. 

numding a- larger horizon, than in the The Spanish qnastion engrossed « 

most prosperous davs of our forefa- large shure of public interest for the 

then. Thescars of the war have pass- time. A ^Mble and tampering spirit 

tA awar, not a wrinkle is left to tell in our councils wcKuld lur^ iueritably 

whore wa hehnet galled, and she has plunged us into a war with Franoe^ 

aow only to follow the career of her and subsequently with all Europe* 

own genero us powers of head and Opposition, cheered by the proqwet of 

heart, and be mistress of all the pros- national calamity, called furiously fbr 

pffity that Proyidence appoints for war, but its clamour found no e^o in 

wisdom, industry, and rirtue. the oountry ; the minister's state men t 

To say that this elevation is the di- of his pcmcy formed an intelligent 

net result of any measures of oitf weak view of British interests and pS^ 

boman sagacity, would be idle and feeling, and was sancti<nied by great 

presoroptnous. The ancients, a peo* majorities within the house, and by im 

pie wise in their generation, sacrinced unexampled approbation among the 

to Fortune ; we nave a inirer belief, people. Oppositiori was baffled ; and 

sad it leads us to a still h^er source ; if the defeat of a body, so often repul- 

we acknowledge the boimty of Pro- sed, and sunk into sudi contempt, 

rideaee, and, in the acknowledgment, could be a matter of triunciph, its ae- 

M, that ^u* ftom our efforts or our feat was ridiculous and hmniliating in 

csme, we are giving the noblest cha» the most memorable degree. 

neter and panegyric within the reach A paltry attempt at popularity wai 

of language. subsequently made by a motion rda« 

la the midi9« of this harmonious and tive to the arrest of Mr Bowrmg^% 

ndvcfsal utterance of national congra- person chained with being the accr»* 

ta]atl(m, I disdain to bend my ear to dited agent of dissfibction in Franoe. 

ths petty oaerukmsness of party. Its His notorious intercourse with the sos- 

we, lona and ominous during the pected in Paris, his communications 

oi§^t of the country, is less and less with Spain, and the appearance of 

BBdfide as the day asoaids, and is na- some incendiary French songs in ah 

torslly extangwisned in the thousand English paper, at the moment of an at- 

■oan^ of public content and industry, tempted insurrectionin France, had fix- 

lliose abtcoNUB 9oiucre9 are only for ed the eyeof thepoUce upon him. His 

dnkness and the sick-diamber ; but arrest was natund, but his papers were 

we have thrown off the sickness and apparently <rfnoimportance, and he was 

the superstition together, and may now finally set at Hberty without a dlarge, 

torn to the dieering «nd sunny con- after a childish ana har^ detention of 

tODplations, habitual to the best times, a fortnight in a French prison. Lord 

and die numliest ^irit of Englishmen. ArchilMud Hamilton was the AieeU> on 

The King's speech at tbeopening of this occasion, and put the tnunnet to 

the Session emaraced three principal his luckless lips for vengeance and war. 

ol^ects. The question of continental But his motion had the usual fate of 

policy^ the pablic bturthens, and the his oratory, — it was thrown into easy 

state of Ireland. On these three points burlesque, and Mr Bowring was left, 

hispohey was distinctly pledged. — To unavenged, to his usual pursuits, and 

peKrve peace, to diminish taxation, the public management of the sub- 

tnd to propose some remedy for the scription for the Spanish insurgents. 

^^ ' ^of the Irish. The first step The Spanish war was the sole sur- 

directed to llie taxation. Mr Van- viving hope of party, and die topic 

nttart had left the Tr^easury, and the was dierished and ami4ified with a 

aewChasceUor of the Execheouer had fondness wwdiy of the (toj^perate state 

saramed his office with afaigh oiaracter of Opposition. All had Idmerto dieat- 

ibrintelligence and exertion. His career ed them ; events, rich with the pro- 
was begun with peculiar triumph^ for • mise of public misfortune, had vanish, 

hewasenabled to Minounce the abo- ed from then- grasp. A malignant iw- 

lition of two millions and a half of tune had deprived them of die Queen 

£iigli^ taxes, to promise the total pb* at the moment when they seemed to 

Vol. XIV. 2A 


Thg Tory. No. IL 


have lecured complete and permanent 
posaesskm of that ^ne aource of tu* 
mult. The agricultural distretset 
cheered thsm for a time, but it was to 
keep the word of promise only to their 
ear ; they no sooner swelled into the 
triumphimt speculation of deserted 
proYinces^ banu in a general dzcuit 
of inflaromationy and smodc-frocked 
legislators re-moddling the constitu- 
tion with the fin^yrand and the scythe, 
than prices rose, the sun shone, and 
the rustic became incapable of a gene- 
ral change of ministry. A fate pur- 
sued them ; it was enough for tnem 
to set their feet on the most fetid 
ground of popular mischief, the soil 
became rotten at cmce, sank away, and 
left them to lode out for another spot 
for the great radical leyer, that was to 
shake all established things at a heave. 
The sound of insurrection in Spain 
came over them while thej were in the 
lowest despondency, and they snufied 
the gale with the nostril so long un- 
cheered with revolution. I have in a 
former letter detailed the contemptu- 
ous and total disappointment of Op- 
position; and the loss of character 
Branded on ihe legal coxcomb who 
h|id volunteered to lead the forlorn 
hope; and the wretched artifice to 
conceal defeat by voting against their 
own question, and the bitter dissen- 
sions that subsequently revealed and 
punished the intngue. 

BUnor debates mled up the period. 
Hume talked, of course, nis usual al- 
lowance ; but his topics lost their fresh- 
ness, his blundefB are mere repetitions 
fatal to laughter, and he has settled 
into the insignificance which is the 
natural place of a vulgar and unfur- 
nished mind. 

The Catholic question, brought for- 
ward in April, added to the exposure 
of the present weakness and habitual 
insincerity of WhigRiBm. The debate 
on the petition wasleft to the single 
prowess of Mr Plunkett. Opposition 
gave up the topic without the decency 
o£an excuse, walked out of the House, 
and left the advocate to the consolation 
of having made his annual speech, and 
at length learning the value of bis 
party. One of two conclusionB must 
oe.dirawn from this extraordinary de- 
sertion, either that the Cathdic ques- 
tion has been from the beginning a • 
mere pretence in the mouth of Whig- 
gism, or that, believing it essential to 
tlie welfore of the emfnre, they have 

notwithstanding abam)oned it, from 
finding that they could not oompel it 
to answer the purposes of their own 
paltry appetite for office. Either con- 
clusion leaves them stea>ed in baae- 
ness, duplicity, and f<^y. It muat 
now be asked by all men who have 
hitherto looked on this party with a 
fovourabk eye,— -on what sucject are 
they in earnest, what great potitital 
doctrine do they sincerely hold, to 
what line of conduct would they fo^ 
themselves pledged, in case of Aeir 
being put in possession of the govern- 
ment? The true answer is, thdr whole 
spirit is insincere. If there ever was a 
questkm to which men were bound, 
those men were bound to the Catholic 
ouestion ; their speeches, theirreviews, 
tneir votes, were full of it for the last 
thirty years; it went side by side with 
even the pan^yric of disanection in 
England, and me triumphs of bar ene- 
mies abroad. It was a part of the 
living and sentient fr-ame, the blood 
and brain of opposition. At once it 
was perceived that nothing more was 
to be made of it, and frtim that mo- 
ment it was disowned and dismemba*- 
ed from among the oigans of factfon. 
This consummation, while it covers 
the party with contempt, is fortunate 
for tne Roman Catholics. Their claims 
will be a mouth-piece for paltry per- 
sonal objects no more ; they wiu be 
decided on by a more honourable 
judgment than that of faction. In 
the nands of administration they wiU 
have their due weight, and the Ro- 
man Catholic may rdy on obtaining 
every privilege that is not inconsistent 
with tne general safety of the consti- 

A direct step towards giving him' 
political power nas been made this Ses- 
sion in giving him the elective frsji- 
chise. This measure, pregnaut with 
weighty consequences, was resisted up- 
on principle by some of the wisest and 
most liberal mmds of Ftoliament. The 
Bishop of St David's, a man venerable 
by every title of literature, libendhy, 
and piety, opposed it strenuoi^y, de- 
clared it to be contrary to all sound 
pdicy, hostile to the maxims of our 
ancestors, and menacing to the consti- 
tution. What its result may be in 
England, must be discovered only bf 
exp^ence ; but in Ireland the elective 
franchise was a formidable gift bo^ to 
the givers and the reodvers. Byidlow- 
ing the Cathdtc peasantry to beoome 


The Tory, No. II. 

yo^en^ their condition was instantly 
lowered. The eagerness of the landlord 
to hare nmnerous voters^ split their 
farms into the smallest portions that 
ooald flonport life. Itwaa enough for 
the landlord that he could go to the 
hnadngs with a moh of h^gars at his 
heels. From this increase of heggary, 
rioc followed ; until Ireland is at this 
boor the seat of poTerty, contagion, 
ignoraDce, and bloodshed. 

This franchise was fatal to the Irish 
Parliament ; for it rendered the Unian 
a natter of stem necessity. Where the 
election was bjr the head, the Protest- 
ant pvopertT, mtelligence, and allegi- 
anoe, must naTe been oTerwhehned by 
the Cmtholic multitude. The Parlia- 
ment must have^ long before this, be- 
come altogether Romanist; and the 
remit must have been a division of the 
cra|iire, or a furious and doubtful dvil 
war. Nothing can be more fantastic 
than to suppose that the power of vo- 
ting Am* members of Parliament is a 
natural ri^t. It is totally convention- 
al-r-a British man has as natural right 
to vote in a corporation or in the Ca- 
hinet, as to vote at the busting. It is 
a privilege, and, like all privileges, 
must be obtained by some equivalent 
Property, apprenticeship, public bo- 
noun, &C., are its sources ; and for it 
they must be visited. This privil^e 
conceded to the English Romanists may 
be less formidable from theii inferio- 
rity of number ; but a new stimulant 
B now ^ven to proselvtism — ^the eyes 
of ambitious men wiU be turned on 
^18 new material of power— demands 
inconsistent with the Constitution will 
be made by regular clients of Catholic 
popularity ; and freedom and religion 
may have yet to tremble at the conse- 
quence or this hazardous donative. 
Hie English Catholics, scarcely more 
than thrce thousand thirty years ago, 
are now upwards of fortv tnousand; 
an enormous increase, wnich betrays 
the vigour of proaelytism in an unex- 
smpled degree. 

The Session died away in an inquiry 
into the conduct of the Sheriff of Dub- 
lb, who had been charged with re- 
taining a packed jury, on the trial of 
the Orangemen for a not at the theatre. 
A key to this singular and ineffective 
iding may be discoverable in the 
)robation fixed on the conduct of 
MrHunket Itprobablyoccurredtothis 


practised politician, that the prosecu- 
tion of the Sheriff might servey at least 
as well as his own censure by the 
House and the country, to attract po- 

Sular attention. In die debate on Mr 
trownlow's motion of censHre, the 
Minister interfered, and recommended 
that the House should not come to a 
vote, " simply that neither party might 
have a triumph." The suggestion was 
acted upon, and Plunket's conduct was 
left as it was found. 

Parliament grew sick of inquiries 
into the squabbles of aldermen and at- 
torneys — Irish though they were; — 
the inquiry languished, became profit- 
less, ridiculous, and dropped — ^leaving 
the Sheriff to return in triumph to his 
corporation dinners, the Dublin Alder- 
man, King, to boast of having baffl^ 
the House, and the Irish Attomey- 
Creneral to dream over the equal ab- 
surdity of Orangeman and Catholic, 
the harshness of ex ^eio informations, 
and the easy loss of a lawyer's popu- 

Some episodes and interludes light- 
ened the hearier business of the clo- 
sing Session. The King's most mu- 
nificent ffift of his kte Majesty's lib^ 
rary to tlie nation, brought up Lord 
Ellenborough fh)m his retreat, since 
the failure of his furious measure of 
le^slatorial foolery, the Marriage Act. 
His Lordship curiously maintained 
that the King had no right to give 
away his own, and that he must keep 
his gifts to himsdf, on pain of offend- 
ing Lord EllenboHough's opinion of 
the Constitution. The House laughed 
at the discovery, had the courage to 
accept of this obnoxious and unconsti- 
tutional present of books and MSS. ; 
and even went the daring length of 
transferring it to the keeping of the 
British Museum. To close thu sketdi 
with the most trivial and the most 
amusing incident of the year, Mr Can- 
ning, in one of the debates on the Ca- 
tholic question^ gave Brougham the 
Lie ! with a directness, promptitude, 
and effect, unequalled among me cas- 
dgations of the House. It ga^ed the 
unfortunate orator for the nignt, and 
fbr the season. Mr M'Kerril hjui before 
silenced him out of doors ; he is now 
shut up from the habitual indulgence 
of his tongue within, and must hence- 
forth be as miserable as insolence and 
impotence can make him. 


A Scots Mummy* 



To Sir Ckrittopher North. 


Yoowill rem?mber^ that, when you 
and I parted last at Ambrose's, the 
following dialogue passed between us* 
Perhaps you may hiive forgot ; but it 
was just at the head of the narrow en- 
try, immediately under the door of 
that celebrated tavern, that it took 
place ; and, at the time when it be- 
gan, we were standing with our backs 
toward each other, in what I would 
have called, had I been writing poe- 
try, a moveless attitude. 

*' Mr Hogg, what is the reason that 
yon write to roe so seldom ?" 

^* Faith, man, it's because I hae 
naething to write about." 

" Nothing to write about? For 
shame! how can tou say so? Have 
you not the bounoless phenomena pf 
nature constantly before your eyes ?" 

'* 0,'to be sure, 1 hae ; but then — " 

In the meantinae I was thinking to 
myself, what the devil can this phe- 
nomena of nature be, when you inter- 
rupted me with, " None of your but 
ihens, ^epherd. A man who has such 
an eye as you have, for discerning the 
goings on of the mighty elements, can 
never want the choice of a thousand 
Bul^ects wh^eon to exercise his pen. 
You have the night, with her unnum- 
bered stars, that seem to rowl through 
moes incomprehensible ; the day 
dawn, and the sunshine ; the dazzling 
splendours of noon, and the sombre 
hues that pervade the mountains, un- 
der the congregated masses of im- 
pending vapours." 

" Gude sauf us, Christy's mair nor 
half seas ower !" thinks I ; *' but I 
maunna pretend no to understand him, 
(or fear he get intil a rage. — ^Ay, ye're 
no far wraog, man," t says ; " there 
are som^ gayen good things to be seen 
atween the heaven an' yirth some- 
times. Weel, gude night, or ri^ther 
gude nioming, honest Sir Chiisty, 
111 try to pick you up something o* 
yon sort." 

'' By all means, Ho^. l insist on 
it. Something of the phenomena of 
nature, I beseech you. You should 
look less at lambs and rams, and he- 
goats, Hogg, and more at the erand 
phenomena of nature. You would 
drink less out of the toddy-jug, shep- 
herd, and more at the perennial spring. 

However, we'll say no more abrntt 
that, as matters stand, to-nia^t ; only 
hand me something of the pibenomeiia 
oi nature." 

I came home here, and looked about 
me soon and late with a watchful eye, 
and certainly saw many bri|^ and 
beautiful appearances on the £ftce of 
the sky, and in the ever- varying hues 
of the mountains ; still I had wit* 
nessed all these before ; so had ererr 
old shepherd in these glens; and I 
could not persuade mvself that any «f 
these was the particular thing* a de« 
scription of which vou wanted ; be* 
cause they were, in lact, no phenom^^ 
nons, if I understand that Frend) 
word properly, nor ever were viewed 
as such bv an v of our country people. 
But at lenetn the curiosity of two 
young shej^erds, neighbours of myt 
own, furnished me wiui a subject that 
hit my fancy to a hair ; and the mo« 
ment that I first heard the relation, I 
said to myself, " This is the Y&ty 
thing for old Christ^/' But theieby 
hangs a tale, which is simply and li- 
terally as follows :— 

On the top of a wild height, called 
Cowanscroft, where the lands of three 
proprietors meet all at one point, there 
nas been, for loi^ and many years^ 
the grave of a suiode, nuurked out by 
a stone standing at the head, and an- 
other at the feet. Often have I stood 
musing over it mvself, when a shep*^ 
herd on one of the farms of which it 
formed the extreme boi^ndary, and 
thinking what could induce a young 
man, who had scarcely reachea ^ 
prime of life, to brave his Maker, and 
rush into his presence by an act of his 
own erring hand, and one so unnatu- 
ral and preposterous; but it never 
once occurred to me as an ol^ject of 
curiosity, to dig up the mouldering 
bones cSl the culprit, which I consider* 
ed as the most revolting of all olyects. 
The thing was, however, done last 
numth, and a discovery made of one 
of the greatest natural phenomenona 
that I ever heard of in this country. 

The little traditionary history that 
remains of this unfortunate youths ia 
altogether a singular one. He was not 
a native of the place, nor vrould he 
ever tell from what place he came, but 
he was remarkable for a deep, thought- 


A Scoii Mummif. 

fa], and salkii disposidoii. There was 
nothing agminst his character that aDy-> 
bodjT knew of, and he had been a con« 
ndcrabk time in the place. The Lut 
lemee be was in was with a Mr An- 
deraoii of Eltrieve, who died about 100 
years ago, and who had hired hira du- 
ring the summer to herd a stock of 
yooag cattle in Ehrievd Hope. It hap- 
peaed one day in the month of Sep* 
tember, that James Anderson, his mas- 
ter's SOB, a bov then about ten years of 
9§tf went with this young man to the 
Eope one day, to divert himself. The 
heni bad his dinner aloiu^ with him ; 
and, about one o'clock, wnen the boy 
ffupoaed going home, the former 
fftased him ver^ hard to stay and take 
a share of his dmn^ ; but tne boy re- 
fused, for fear his parents mig^t be 
slaraied about him, and said he would 
flo home ; on which the herd said to 
■ifl^ ** Then if ye winna stav wi' me, 
James, ye may depend on't 1 U cut my 
tluoat aiore ye come back again." 

I have heard it likewise reported, 
but only by one person, that there hod 
bsan some things suden out of his 
OMMter'a house a good while before, 
sad that the boy had discovered a sil- 
ver knife and raik, that was a part of 
Che stoljpn property, in the herds pos- 
sesnoa that d^, and that it was this 
d is e o vc r y that drove him tp despair. 
Hie boy did not return to the Hope 
cfcttt afternoon ; and, before evening, 
a man ooming in at the pass called ikt 
Hmi Ijmff with a drove of lambs, on 
^ iray for Edinburgh, perceived 
— ->*»iw»»f; Hke a man standing in a 
strange fiigM\il position at' the side of 
one of Eldishope hay-ricks. Thedri- 
vci^s aMention was riveted on this 
stnage, uncmuh figure; and as the 
drovMoad passed at no great distance 
ftom the spot, he first ^Iled, but re- 
tiiTiag BO answer, he went up to the 
spot, and behold it vras the above-men- 
tkned young man, who had hung 
hiMuU f IB the hay rope that was tying 
down die rick. This was acoounted a 
meat wonder, and every one said, if 
tte devfl had not assisted him, it was 
impOMible the diing could have been 
dooe, fiyr in genoal these ropes are so 
brittle, being made of green nay, that 
^ey win soffody besr to be bound 
ovar the rick. And the more to horrii^ 
die ffood peofde of the neighbourhooa, 
the oriver said, that when he first came 
in view, he could abnosi give his oath 
diat he saw two people engaged busUy 


about the hay-rick, going round it and 
round it, and he thou^t they were 
dressing it. If this asseveration ap- 
proximated at all to truth, it makes 
this evident at least, that the unfortu- 
nate young man had hanged himself 
after the man with the lambs came in 
view. He was, however, quite dead 
when he cut him down. He had fas- 
tened two of the old hay ropes at the 
bottom of the rick on one side, (indeed 
thev are all fastened so when first laid 
on,) so that he had nothing to do bu 
to loosen two of the ends on the other 
side ; and these he tied in a knot round 
his neck, and then, slackening his 
knees, and letting himself lean down 
graduallv till the hay rope bore all his 
weight, ne contrived to put an end to 
his existence in that way. Now the 
fact is, that if you try all the ropes that 
are thrown over all the outfield hay 
ricks in Scotland, there is not one 
among a thousand of them will bang 
a coUey dog — so that the manner of 
this wretch s death was 'rather a sin-* 
gular circumstance. 

Early next morning Mr Anderson's 
servants went reluctantly away, and, 
taking an old blanket with them for a 
winding-sheet, they rolled up the body 
of the deceased, first in his own plaid, 
letting the hav-rope still remain ^ut 
his neck, and tnen rdling the oldblank-> 
et over all, they boTe the loathed re- 
mains away the distance of three miles 
OT so on spokes, to the top of Cowan's 
Croft, at the very ooint where the 
Duke of Bucdeuch's land, the laird of 
Drumelzier^s, and Lord Napier's meet ; 
and there they buried him, with dl 
that he had on him and about him, 
silver knife and fork and all together* 
Thus far went tradition, and no one 
ever disputed one jot of die disgusting 
oral tale. 

A nephew of that Mr Anderson's, 
who was with the hapless youth that 
day he died, says, that, as feir as he can 
gather from the relations of fiiends 
that he remembers, and of that same 
unde in psrticular, it ia one hundred 
amdfioe yean next month, (that is^ 
Septemb^ 18S3,) since that event hafi- 
pened ; and I think it likely that this 
^nUeman's information is correct. 
But sundry odier peojde, much older 
than he whom I have ccmsulted, pre- 
tend that it is six or seven years more. 
Tb^ say they have heard that Mr 
James Anderaon was then a boy ten 
years of age ; that he lived to an old 


A Scots Mttmmff* 


agC) upwards of foor soore^ and it is 
two-and-forty years since he died. 
Whicherer way it may be, it was 
about that period some way, of that 
there is no aoubt. Well, you will be 
aayingt that, excepting the trnall oma- 
mentfli part of the devil and the hay- 
rope, there is nothing at all of what 
you wanted in thb ugly traditional 
tale. Stop a wee bit, roy dear Sir 
Christy. Dinna just cut afore the 
point. Ye ken auld fools an' young 
iMdms shouldna see things that are 
half done. Stop just a wee bit, ye 
auld crusty, crippled, crabbit, editor 
body, an' I'll let ye see that the grand 
phenomena of Nature's a' to come to 

It flo happened, sir, that two young 
men, William Shell and W. Sword, 
were out on an a4joining height, this 
summer, casting peats, and it came 
into their heads to open that grave in 
the wilderness, and see if there were 
any of the ly>nes of the suicide of 
Ibnner ages and centuries remaining. 
They did so, but opened only about 
one half of the grave, beginning at the 
head and about the middle at the same 
time. It was not long till they came 
upon the old blanket, — I think they 
said, not much more ^an a foot from 
the surface* They tore that open, and 
there was the hay-rope lying stretehed 
down akmgst his l^st so nresh, that 
they saw at first sight it was made of 
rispy a sort of long sword-grass that 
grows about marshes and the sides of 
lakes. One of the young men seized 
the rope, and puUed by it, but the old 
enchantment of the devil remained. 
It would not break, and so he pulled 
and pulled at it till behold the body 
came up into a sitting posture, with a 
broad blue bonnet on its head, and its 
l^aid around it, as fresh as that day it 
was laid in. I never heard of a pre- 
servation flo wonderful, if it be true as 
was related to me, for still I have not 
had the curiosity to go and view the 
body myself. The features were all so 
plain, that an acquaintance might easi* 
ly halve known him. One of the lads 
grii^>ed die face of the corpse with his 
int;er and thumb, and the chedca felt 
qiute soft and flediv, but the dimples 
remained, and did not nning out 

Xin. He had fine yellow hair about 
e inches long, but not a hair of it 
could they jiull out. till they cut part 
of it off with a knife. They also cut 

off some pcHTtions of his clothes, whidi 
were all quite fresh, and distributed 
them among their acquaintances, send- 
ing a portion to me among the rest, to 
keep as natural curiosities. Several 
gentlemen have in a manner forced me 
to give them fVagments of these en- 
chanted garments; I have, hofi^ever, 
retained a small portion for ^rou, whidi 
I send along with this, being a piece 
of his plaid, and another of his waist- 
coat breast, which you wiU see are still 
as fresh as that day they were laid in 
the grave. His broad blue bonnet was 
sent to Edinburgh several weeks ago, 
to the great regret of some sentlemen 
connected with the land, who wished 
to have it for a keepsake. For ray 
part, fond as I am of bine booneta, 
and broad ones in particular, I dedare 
I durst not have worn that one. There 
was nothing of the silver knife and 
fork discovert, that I heard of, nor 
was it very likely it should ; but it 
would appear he had been very near 
run of calsh, which, I dare say, had 
been the cause of his utter despair^ for, 
on searchinfl; his pockets, nothing mm 
found but tnree old Scots halfpennies. 
These young men meeting with an- 
other snepherd afterwarda> his can- 
odty was so much excited, that they- 
went and digged up the curiooa re- 
mains a secoi^time, whidi was a pity, 
as it is likely that by th^ae expoaurea 
to the air, and from the imposnbifity 
of burying it up again so doa^ as it 
was beibre, the flesh wiH now fidl to 

These are all the particalars tiiat 
I remember relating to thia curi- 
ous discovery ; and I am sure you will 
confess that a very vahi^e receipt 
may be drawn from it for the preser- 
vauon of dead bodies. If you ahoold 
think of trying the experiment on 
yourself, you nave nothing more tor 
do than hang yoursdf in a hay rop^ 
which, by the by, is to be inade ot 
risp, and le«ve orders that yon aie to 
be Duricd in a wild height, and I will 
venture to predict, that though yoa 
repose there for ages an inmate at 
your mosay odl, of the doud, and the 
storm, you shall set up your head at 
die last day as f^redi aa a moor-oodc 
I remain, my wordiy friend, yoara 
very truly, 

James Ho<»g« 

AUHtfve Ltrke, Aug. 1, 189S. 

1823.;] London OddUiet and Outlines. No. II, 191 


' No. II. 

Ths dnaamtieDeUcuBoi this metro- placements, new gOding, new salaries, 

polit of the dTilised world now consist new actors, new fooleries. Dmry- 

in two diminutive theatres, and with- Lane, by diminishing the area of its 

in their walls in two diminutive pieoes. awkward and oranfortless house, and 

The Hay-iMarket Theatre is busied by substituting deanliness for squaHd^ 

witha translation from the Frendi by ness, good actors for bad, and Shalt- 

Kenny, under the toudiing appellative speare fen* exhausted comedies and 

of '' SweethtarU and Wives /and the nbald farces, gathered the great thea- 

Ei^i^ Opera- House rests its popu- trical crop of the year. Coven t-Gardcn 

^ krity upon FrankeMtein, a dull adapt- is now condescending to foUow, where 
atioD from a mad romance. But both she once led, and is said to have corn- 
have been too minutely described in menced the work of building and 

^ the Diq)ers of the day to be worth much bronzing with a desperate courage ; to 

forttier dissertation. ** Sweethearts be varnishing at Uus hour with a re- 

snd Wives"^ is easy fooUery, chiefly laid solution not to be overcome, and a so- 

upon Liston, who is fooled '^ to the lemn pledge towearouther last brush, 

U^ of bis bent." An old Admiral-— rather than be again out-painted by 

tlttt fovcmrite monster of the stage, full mortal manager. Miss Stephens and 

of good humour and gout, courtship Listen remain to Drury-Lane out of 

and cudgelling, exploding perpetual the spoils of its rival ; but Young has 

professional jokes, and other " damna- been recovered — a great prise. i2e^- 

ole iteration ' — ^figures, in the shape of nolds holds the truncheon to which 

(Terry, throu^ Uie principal scenes, poets and scene-shifters bow wiUi ha^ 
Love is the business of afl, and the bitual reverence at Drury-Lane. Sin^ 
comedy vrinds up with the awful spec- ckUr comes to counterbalance this de- 
tade of Jour Marriages /-—matter of fection, and comes loaded with laurels 
I melancholy enough to have furnished and scudi, from potentates and jpleni* 
I out the deepest sorrows of Melpomene*, potentiaries innumerable. No slight 
1 But die stage has long ceased to be the expectations are formed of his success 
nnnor of real life ; and the wedded here. He has been now four years in 
I ftbtrtette actually go o£Pin smiles and Italy. He left Engluid with a fine 
scmg. There is jKrane lively dialogue, natural vdce, but with little science. 
* and some pretty music, in this piece. He has since sung upon every prind- 
Miss Chesta*, the heroine, displays her pal stage of the land of ^lusic, and no 
capCivatiQna with more than the cus- mdolence or inaptitude could totally 
tomary peril of the stiM;e. A female of repel improvement under such advan- 
the^anspicioBs name of Z»ot7f bears the tages. He oug^t to be by this time 
I seeond honours of beauty, flirtatbn master of his art, and if he be, he will 
f and matrimony. The men are all a»« have no rival to compete the honours 
sidnoos, amiable, tempting, and being of English popularity. 
tempted. 'Hie women are all resolute Frankenstein, a mdo-drama adapt- 
on settling themselves for life. The ed from a mad romance, occupies the 
Admiral alone survives unfettered, and English Opera-house. The romance 
he scareely consoles himself with the bears the name of Shelly's wife, but 
strange feHcity of nursing aU the chil- was probably in a great degree written 
dren. But the play is, on the wholes by Snelly's pen. A singular and un- 
amusing, and smuld be Kenny's en- happy turn of mind ur^ him to ex- 
eooragement to trust to the Hay-Mar- travagance in his life, and in his au- 
fcet for the next season, and during all thorship, and the novel of Franken- 
seaaons to come. His MS. is said to stein is no unfoithful picture of a mind 
have lain two years at Drury-Lane, which seems to have been peipetually 
and to have been finally returned, as vibrating on the edge of a mdancholy 
imsuitable to the purposes of the insanity. 

theatre. In spite of prediction it has The melo-drama is a melange of the 

i triumphed, and will be played till the common miracles of the carpenter and 

£ilal night that closes the portals of the scene-painter ; the newly-created 

die Hay-Market, The coming season man is a rmnuter, and the h^oea and 

at Covent-Garden and Drury-Lane heroines not unfit companions for his 

spproaches with haughty anticipations wildness, in probability and outrage. 
«wi both sidcR. — Displacements, re- 




lAmd'm OdditieM and (htiUneg. iVo. //. 


Mr Irving* 

Thk popnkr show of the day is the 
pKMJier A the Caledonian Chapel, in 
Hatton Garden. Thif obscure spot is 
ftow crowded hy all the si^t-hunters 
of London, men of fashion, and bine* 
stoeldnffB, the peerage, and 'the cabi- 
net ; sdiokffs and scribblers, all who 
have eyes to see, snd ears to be capti- 
Taled, crowd to thedingy walls of this 
ancient receptacle of cobwebs and 
crabbed Theology. The dif^rence of 
opinions is of course as various as the 
multitude. Some have settled that he 
is an original luminarv, others that 
he shines by reflection of Chalmers, and 
the popular preachers of the ncnth ; 
some that he u a model of pennia8iv&- 
nes8, simplicity, and sincerity, others 
^bat he is a mere Charlatan, who pur- 
diases notoriety by the exhibition of 
matters prohibited to the regular pul* 
pit, and furnishes gossip to the au- 
difioice by rambling allusions to the 
poets, ardsts, and public men of the 
day ; that he shuns the appropriate 
topics of the pulpit ; that ne substi* 
tutes pompous verbnige for rational 
discourse, and is at once extravagant 
and common-place, rude and affected, 
tame in doctrine, and theatrical in lan- 
guage, gesture, and delivery. On both 
sides there is exaggeration, and the* 
truth win probably torn out to be, 
that Irving is a man of some abilities, 
who, in the habitual presence of that 
clever and singular man Chalmers, has 
ac^tdred the exterior of energy ; that 
imitation compensates in London the 
infieriority which was obvious in the 
immediate sight of his master, and 
that, encouraged bv the praiBe of his 
own flockj new as they were to any- 
thing like pulpit vigour, he has been 
urged to try extravagance in a broader 
scide, and strut his nour in the pa- 
rade of inflated and miscellaneous 
composition. His printed Sermons are 
certainly unfortunate testimonials to 
his powers. The preface, in which he 
dedares that his works disown the 
customary title of " Sermons," be- 
cause Sennons is a customary title for 
dulness; with which, of course, no 
man can presume to diarge any work 
of Mr Irving ; is only an evidence of 
bchoolboy conceit. His further decla- 
ration tliat the slackneis of Christian 
practice is to be laid to the charge of 
the clergy, whom he therefore thinks 


it proper, or» Aw jNiff, t6 stir up to their 
neglected duty ; is another instance of 
the childish vftnity that so little be- 
comes a man, and, of all meo^ a teach- 
er of humility. The composition of 
these " Orations," is by no means cal- 
culated to rdieve the writer from the 
imputation excited by his ]»eface ; 
with some passages of considmble 

£9wer, they min^ a vast quantity of 
eavy, tumid, and tasteless writing. 
WiUi some views <^ general life sof- 
fidently keen, are huddled dmnsy 
and unreal sketches of fiahi o na b le 
manners. His rambling dissertatioDa 
on the more graceful branches of taste 
and literature, are worthy only of the 
denizen of a remote manufacturing 
town ; he talks of poets, artists, and 
statesmen, but he ulks of thfem as if 
he had never read anythii]^ but the 
Edinburgh Review. 

A more unfortunate distinction of 
those '* Orations" is, that they are 
almost totally divested of doctrins« 
Cobbett's Sermons are a code of Theo* 
logy compared to them. A Bonae or 
a Mufti might preach them without 
oflenoe to F^ or Mahomet. This may 
answer the purposes of popularity 
among the great, but this ougpt to be 
amended, even at the hazard of wri- 
ting ** Sermons." The Cardinal who 
would not read his Bible throu^ fear 
that it might spoil his style, oouM 
scarcely have expected to find an imi- 
tator. But if Mr Irvmg would do 
his duty, he must overstep this ddi- 
cacy, and talk downright Christianity 
at all hazards. I have no doubt of 
his inclination. He is a man of some 
ability. The winter, fertile in newer 
topics, will lead away his superfltMMB 
congregation; the newspapers, occu- 
pied about other things, wiU look up^ 
on him no longer as a kindred resource 
with a Faddington riot, a coroner's 
inquest, or a trial for arson ; their co- 
lumns will be filled, and he will havt 
dme to recover his composure, and 
descend to the level of nis spedea. 
Then will be the period to open the 
volume, which has hitherto been ao 
heavily eclipsed under pamphlets and 
magazines, and then alone be will 
begin to enter on the only course in 
which he can deserve permanent 


PdriskM Sketches: Xo. L 


Pabibiak Skstches. — No. I.' 
Si^ months before and six months lifter October, 1814. 


** On ne pcut jamais contenter tout le monde, et son perc' 

La Fontaine, 

The year IBli was made memora- 
bk by tBe battle of Leipsic^ the actual 
deathblow of the ''Napoleon dynasty." 
The dav that saw the French army, 
driren from that fields saw the setting 
oT the imperial sun. Other Imttles 
followed^ bloody and disastrous^ but 
they were the blows given to a cham-* 
pion already on the ground. From the 
19th of October^ Napoleon contem- 
plated resignation^ and all France was 
prepared for the inroad and final yic- 
tory of the enemy. I had a habit of 
ptKing the autumn in the country. 
In 1814 my visit was to the Cha- 
teau de Belrive, of which the recent 
nrqffietor, although grown wealthy, 
nas not grown into for^etfulness of an 
old friend. At that tmie he had as- 
sembled around him a number of his 
rdatives, who were all in the gr^test 
constcniation on account of the times, 
Cmssed in their interests, wounded in 
their feelingfli, all these different person- 

r^ cast forth fire and flame against 
Head of the Government, blaming, 
all his operations, recalling with bit- 
terness the various misfortunes his am- 
bition had drawn down on France^ 
and pra^fing that Heaven would at last 
occupy itself with the afiairs of this 
earth that it appeared so long to have 

AmoD^ the most exasperated, was a 
Monaiear Segri, from whom the for- 
mation of the guard of honour had 
carried off the bst of his sons. Fa- 
dier of four children, he had seen them 
smxenively depart for the army, 
whence the^ never returned. The 
one fen a heutenant in Egypt ; the 
second, a captain in ^pain, and the 
third. Chef de BataiUon, in the prisons 
of Kalonga. — ^Nothing could exceed 
the erief of this unfortunate father, 
who had now, as he said himself, bade 
a last farewell to his last son, and we 
had all the pains in the world to try 
and diminisn his reerets a little, by 
cDdesvounng to instu into him hopes 
which we had not ourselves. Less af- 
flicted than Monsieur de Segri, but 
loodly joining him in invective against 
the system of aggrandisement aoopted 
by the Emperor, Madame de German- 
cy — his cousin, looked with terror to 
Vol XIV. 

the moment of establishing her nteoe. 
None of the parties which presented 
themselves, might satisfy the anxious 
tenderness of this good aunt She 
feared equally the chances of war and 
commerce. She could no more deter- 
mine to select for her nq>hew~an of-, 
ficer who might get gloriously killed 
in the second month of his nuptials — 
than a merchant, who might become 
bankrupt in the first jrear of his mar- 
riage. '* From the rapidity with which 
thev carry off our young men, there 
will remam no husMnds for our young 
women," repeated Madame de Ger- 
mancy, with an air of melancholv, 
which frequently madeher niece blusn, 
and her auditors smile. 

A fat man who amused his leisure 
by a little stodc-jobbing— Monsieur 
Clement, cousin to the owner of Bel- 
rive, never ceased deploring the stag- 
nation of trade, and complaining of the 
few opportunitiesof improving capital^ 
The war had paralysea all his specu- 
lations ; and he declaimed against the 
war with an indignation which an- 
noimced a great love of peace. 

Every evening the company assem- 
bled in the large saloon, where each 
threw into the common stock the 
slight contingent of news he had care- 
fully collected during the day; and 
it may be easily supposed, that it was 
not generally of a nature to diminish 
their discontent, or ameliorate the ha- 
tred they bore in secret to the Emperor. 
It was vnth him, as with those tyrants 
of the drama, who frighten every one 
by their entrance — are abused a4de, 
and menaced as soon as they disap- . 
pear. One person alone courageously 
took the part of the government —it 
was the owner of the Chateau, whose . 
nephew had just been made general of 
division. — ^According to Monsieur Du- 
peire, necessity justified all the ope- 
rations of the Emperor. He called the 
occupation of Spam a grand political 
measure; the campaign of Russia, a 
hardy conception ; and the return from ^ 
Moscow, a skilful retreat. Certainly 
his opinions i^peared to me to be 
rather singular, but who dare tell 
him so? Indeed, so enthusiastic was his 
admiration, that it was impossible to 


Parisian Sketches* No. /. 

offer the slightest check to it — the 
man being, as one might say^ evidently 
destined to die in his original sin. 

Such were the various dispositions 
at the Chateau when I quitted it for 
Paris. The public events which soon 
afterwards succeeded each other with 
such extraordinary rapidity, produced^ 
in less than a year, cnanges unexam- 
pled in the annals of the world. A 


merit ; he granted the cross of honour 
to my son, who, however^ could not 
endure him. Natural enough, he had 
imbibed the sentiments of his father ; 
and as to me, I have never had reason 
to thank him. He sent me the order 
of Be-unUm, I confess ; but he was 
forced to that by the public voice: 
and, besides, it was more for his own 
credit than mine. He conducted him- 

Bourbon returned, after an interval of self shamefully towards my nephew — 

20 years, to resume that crown so 
long worn by his ancestors. Peace, so 
oflcn repulsed from the bosom of Eu- 
rope, hastened to seat herself with him 
on the throne of France ; and the so- 
vereigns of a world united together 

Would you believe it, that, by abdi- 
cating, he deprived him of hau of all 
that he had bestowed on him. I ne- 
ver could have spoken favourably of 
such a man to you. I may have been 
careful in my expressions, because. 

to put a term to the diffbrences of under him, the nets of the police ex- 

princes, the agitations of their people^ 
and the mourning of nations. 

It was with no slight pleasure, that 
I once more hailed the return of that 
period in which I had been accustom- 
ed to undertake my pilgrimage, and 
I promised myself this year to console 

tended far and near, but, m reality, 
no one thought worse of him than 1 
did." — *' What a pity, that one can- 
not read aufond des camrs !" — " Yes, 
doubtless — ^but enough of this at pre- 
sent. I am charmed to see you again 
— ^I want you to preach peace in my 

my poor friend Duperre, even though family — ^wnich is far from sharing my 
I should reioice with his fHends. -•-•'-" ." «- 

On the nrst of September, then, I 
set off* for Belrive. 

As soon as Monsieur Duperre caught 
a glimpse of me, he hastened to me, 
and, with a countenance full of joy, 
seized me by the arm, and b^ged me 
to take a turn with him in the garden, 
before I made my appearance in the 
Chateau: Surprised to find him so 

riy, when I feared to see him so sad, 
could but t^iink that my friend had 
perhaps received some disagreeable 
news from the Sovereign of the Isle of 
Elba, t. e. disagreeable for France. 
" Well," said I, hesitatingly, " your 
Heroha^justified your admiration. Na- 
poleon"—*' Don't mention his name," 
replied he, hastily ; " he is a tyrant, 
whom I dways abhorred." — " But I 
thought I had heard you admire" — 
*' His audacity." — " You considered 
his successes" — " As so many crimes." 
— '^ His elevation" — " As a punish- 
ment fVom Heaven." — " Nay, but, my 
dear Duperre, I assure you, that in 
the September of last year, you paint- 
ed the aflSiir of Spain^'— « As a per- 
fidy."—" The war of the North"— 
" As an extravagance." — " The retreat 
from Moscow" — " As the first chas- 
tisement of the grand criminal. It is 
not that, aufond, I have not here and 
there recognized some peculiar quali- 
ties in tms man; he had a certain 
tact in discovering and recompensing 

principles." — " How!" — " True, your 
old fnends are all here; but, will 
you believe it, my dear fHend, they 
actually regret his reign" — " Impossi- 
ble"-*' The human heart is ftdl of 
such contradictions. M. de Segri has 
received a letter from his son, who is 
hot put on half pay, and will be here 
immediately — ^he is quite in despair 
about it." — " In despair at seeing his 
son ! he who* suffered such j;rief at his 
departure?" — *' My cousin, who sigh- 
ed so for peace, is au desespoir that the 
war is over." — ''You jest — " Madam 
de Germancy regrets the days when 
she might have married her niece 
to an officer, who would probably have 
left her a widow before she was a mo- 
ther — these people distract me." As 
he thus spoke, M. Duperre led me 
towards the Chateau. At the moment 
of our entrance, M. de Segri still held 
his son's letter in his hand — ^I felicita- 
ted him on his return. — " No, sir,** 
replied he, — " on the contrary, con- 
dole with me. I no longer know what 
to do with this youth— there is his pro- 
fession gone." " But was it not against 
both your and his own inclination, that 
he was obliged to enter it ?" — '* Cer- 
tainly ; but when the thing was done, 
it was done, and I hoped that throiu;)i 
my friends and his own merits, he 
mi^t have made his way as weD as 
another : did not one of his lm>thers 
die Chef de Bataillon ?"— " The very 

Parisian Sketches. No. /. 

reason to r^doe that he has escaped 
a similar imsfortune." — " Ay, say as 
joa will, but shew me the man who 
IS sorry to see a general officer among 
his family." 

"Very true," exclaimed Madame 
de Germancy, hastily ; " and there is 
my niece depriTed of any such hap- 
piness. Formerly we might look to 
marry generals, colonels, counsellors of 
state, and, above all, auditors. I don't 
say ibAt happiness is always the 
wedding gift on these occasions, but 
the title, the rank, flatter us, and 
this is a gratification such as we wo- 
men do not disdain. 

"lBe8ides,even though one did b^n 
by marrying only a captain, there was 
DO telling but that from widowhood to 
widowhood we might at last arrive at 
a general of division. These changes 
UMoubtedly had their advantages; 
at present, one must pass life with the 
first qxnise. — ^Ah !" said madam, with 
a si^, *' the career of ambition is for 
erer closed to women." 

It was in vain that in her system of 
devation, her ladies could be promo- 
ted only at the expense of their hus- 
bands. She persisted not the less in 
considering the thing as very natural, 
and deploring the aUagremens of a 
century, where a wife might die with- 
out ever having been a widow. Her 
niece did not seem to me to be of her 
opinion. I thought I overheard her 
murmur — "At least, I may now choose, 
which is always a great pleasure to a 

" Yet, what signify honours, in com- 
parison with fortune V said M. Cle- 
ment, rising from his arm-chair. "Un- 
der the seventeen or eighteen govern- 
ments we have had here^ I have made 
and unmade mine five or six times, with 
a £udlity I shall never again experience. 
Great misfortunes lead to great sacrifi- 
ces. The land-owners, the merchants, 
have recourse to us in speculations 
which often swallow up their property, 
bat bring us from fifteen to twenty 
per cent. Alas ! this is now over, the 
beaten path is open to all; and, turn 
ever so little out of it, law stares you 
in the face. No, commerce is no long- 


er the road to riches — ^there is nothing 
to be gained now." 

" aQ true, master," said M. Du- 
perre's gardener, twisting his hat in 
his fingers as he entered to ask for 
orders — " there is nothing to be gain- 
ed now in truth — and we poor folks 
are going to ruin as fast as we can." 
^' To ruin !" exclaimed M. De Segri, 
with vivacity.—" Just so, in truth, 
my good master — this abolition of the 
conscription has knocked me up." — 
" What, Jacques ! this that constitutes 
the happiness of ten millions of fa- 
milies' — ^* Makes the misfortune of 
mine." — " Explain yourself." — " You 
know, monsieur, that I had the good 
luck to sell my eldest boy for two 
thousand crowns to the son of mon- 
sieur the mayor ; and I may honestly 
say, it was going for nothing, for he 
was a proud fine youth. I cave the 
second to monsieur vour nephew, for 
a dozen sacs of a tnousana francs — 
cheap enou^— but then he was a 
ncignbour. Well, just at the moment 
that the last sac began to grow light, 
and that I had still three comely lads, 
well fed, and well taught, that I had 
brought up with all the care in the 
world, away goes the conscription — I 
have my trouble for my pams — and 
three great boys on my hands to pro- 
vide for. Bovs, that, under the Em- 
peror, would nave brought me at least 
15,000 francs a-piece. Now this is 
what I call a hard case, my good 

The observations of Jacques made 
on all present a more sudden and pro- 
foimd impression, than could all my 
arguments ; each mentally blushed at 
having regretted a goveniment, under 
which demoralization had reached the 
point of a father*s rearing his sons for 

The young De Segri, who arrived 
next day, was received with open 
arms — and Madame de Germancy pro- 
mised her niece that she should cnoose 
her own husband ; which choice I 
could discover, from certain glances 
between the fair EUza and the ani- 
mated vouug lieutenant, was already 


Parisittn Sketches* No, L 


A Ball ai the Opera^ House. 
*^ Chicun le decrie— chacun j yb. 

'' I HAS passed the ereninff witha rich 
literary amateur^ who had assembled 
round him a crowd of persons^ under 
the pretext of a party of pleasure^ and 
who had occupied tne entire time in 
the reading of a five-act tragedy of his 
own^ with which he had b^n threat- 
ening the managers of the Francois 
these last seven years. The reading 
of the work^ and the pompous eulogies 
lavished on it. over an immense bowl 
of the most ddicious pxmch^ prodigally 
dispensed round by the young wife o£ 
our tragi<; author^ had contrmuted to 
heighten the gidety of my humour. 
Petfing to dufi it^ I stole off at the 
moment that the author's gratified va- 
nity was attempting to waive the praises 
he was so sure of ^avin^ merital, and 
modestly soliciting usdess criticisms 
and superfluous advice. Some lamps^ 
placed at the comer of the Rue Neuve 
des Petits-Cham]^, and the long pile 
of carriages which embarrassed the 
Rue de Richelieu, informed me that 
there was a baU at the Opera-house. 
Iliey are singular enough those Opera 
balls. This impost levied on slumb^ 
is but seldom worth the repose it de- 
prives us of. Few are amused there — 
numbers are annoyed there ; and yet 
everybody goes there. Like the rest, 
I must pay my tribute to custom ; and, 
stimulated by the desire of observing 
en phihsophe the various amusements 
to be enjoyed in it, I crossed the thresh- 
old of this Temple of Arts — where they 
dance now, as they sung formerly. On 
entering the vestibule, I saw a young 
man, wnom I immediately recognized 
as one of the company at the rSeuling 
party. Probably he nad not noticed 
me, but I had remarked him from the 
circumstance of a loug whispering con- 
versation with the mistressof the man- 
sion, in the very deepest part of the 
tragedy, when the husband s eyes were 
fixed on the book, and from his ha- 
ving adroitly slipped away before the 
wearisome condusioH. 

He was now precipitately moving 
backwards and forwards, drawing out 
his< watch at each instant, and at in- 
tervals slightly striking his foot against 
the 'ground, as one impatient of wait- 
ing. At the arrival of every carriage, 
he sofUy approached the door, glan^ 
anxiously at the people who de»:ended 

from it, followed with his eyes each 
white domino that appeared, and, af- 
ter two or three useless turns, sorrow- 
frdly resumed his post This little mo- 
nege had continued somewhere near a 
quarter of an hour, when I observed 
two masks enter ; one of whidi, after 
looking at me for an instant, took flight 
with the terror of one fearing to be re- 
cognized ; while the other, placing a 
finger on her lips, and leaning towards 
the ear of the young man, co-ew him 
away to the opposite side, while invi- 
tins nim to silence and discretion. The 
litUe mask who had so rapidly flown 
off, appeared to me to be charming. 
The figure, the gracefulness, a slight 
motion of the head which was famiSar 
to hcTj induced me to believe that I re- 
cognized the pretty whisperer of the 
evening — ^the youthful wilfe of the el- 
derly tragic poet. There was but one 
thing to destroy this idea — that they 
had. spoken of these opera balls in the 
earlier part of the night, and that Ma- 
dame de (5 had been loudest in her 

disapprobation of them. Indeed, to 
take her word for it, nothing less than 
an assignation could induce any wo- 
man, of a certain rank, to visit such a 
scene; and she had given up an ac- 
quaintance for vaunting that sne never 
missed one of them. 

After so decided a declaration, so 
severe an opinion, it was impossible to 
imagine that Madame de Gr- — would 
dare the dangers of a Bai d'Opera-^ 
particularly in the moment of triumph 
for her husband's success. Occupied 
with this little adventure, I slowly 
tnounted the stairs. The ball was but 

In the anti-room, several mask% 
tranquilly seated before the two fire- 
places, wliispered to each other, poinu 
ing out mysteriously some personages, 
who, already yawmng widely, promi- 
sed themselves a gay night The SaUe 
was almost a desert The orchestra, 
placed at the extremity of the stage, 
was occupied by a band of old musi- 
cians, disguisea as Spanish gallanta. 
This masquerade struck me as the 
most diverting of the whole. By de« 
grees the madks thicken^the salle 
begins to fill. An insupportable bab- 
ble succeeds the wearyins; silence— 
men, women— fliasked ana unmasked 


199a.;] ParisioH StfCkfM. No. I, W 

— ftll ^leak at once. This^eneral con- His &ther was a nobody^ wbo sc|yr«e- 

yefsation naturally lecaU to mind the ly suspected that he shonld one day 

^och of the construction of Babel. nave oiateaus and titles in his family. 

Eyery mask had its occupation. This . I must^ however^ do our incognito the 

to commence an intrigue— that^ to justice to say, that he has refused to 

tenninate one. Here, a rich banker do some dirty work, whidi broi^fht 

wasagreeably tormented b}r two opera- no profit, and hss never dimaced 

dancers, who astonished nun by their hin^elf ^m^. He is consider^nch, 

mprU — ^there, a mu»quetaire anxiously and it is astonishing what servioe thk 

pursued a mask; who, laudliingas she reputation has done him among his 

new, seemed better plessea to be ca^H fhends. 

tured, than earnest to escape. Farther That automaton, who parades about 

on, a youi^ provincial, newly arrived, so i^theticslly^ and whose pale do^ 

stood utterly confounded by the won- mino contrasts so pleaiavtly vi^ the 

derfulthin^ related by adroUdomino; groi^) of black ones whi(^ torment 

whom, a little later, he discovers to him, in the. vain hope of exoitiBg bis 

be an aunt who had reared him. I coposity — ^that domm^ is d^e worthy 

stopped for a moment to listen to the persona^, who, alter a six yjsairs'fhuii- 

rsther aniipated conversation of two berinhis senator's chair, 

ipottses, who had reconiiaed eaoh fine day, to his own surprise, j^eer of 

other unwittin^y enou^, when a Fraiyse. |ie eigoyed this digmtj for 

&irT figure, seizmg me by the arm, six months, like <pe who trid toran- 

as she whispered m v name, gaily pro- der himself worthy oi it; hut w»- 

posed to me to m ennuyer in com^ luckily the last three months undid 

fognie. The ofier was at least hum- aU that the first six had done ; and 

hie, and aeemed to guarantee to me he has been obliged to oede h^ 

the contrary. I accepted it with grati- chair to one who unfortimately doea 

tilde. twt slumber in it 

A glance at her elegant foot— the en- This man, with three faeiQ«> when 

sonUe of her person — the tone of her some take fyr a magistrate — some for 

voice — the vivacity of her eves, which a courtier — othejn^ for an old noble-r* 

woe very fine, and of which die took others for a oew, is oneof those who> 

ri care to give a iiill view, through hke the cfmelemi, changes his hue 

aid of an opening she had artfuUy according to the ray he basks in. H»-> 

enlarged in her mask— all concurred ving literally none of bis own, he is 

to persuade me that I should have no worse than thousands. That pecr 

csuse to felicitate myself on tfiis un- flpn, who is in such perpetual mo- 

cxpected rencounter. tion, and aeons so contented with 

In a few minutes I perceived that himself, is a newly-manied husband, 

my companion must be much in the whom his wife hm forced here alm^ 

world — ^for she knew, at least by name, with her, to cure him of jealou^-rr 

a prod^ious number of persons of dis- Scarcely arrived — madams who wishes 

linctioa. She painted each in a single to know au/ojMi what a Bal Masque 

expreaaion, with an originality which is — quits him to exchaiMe dresses wiUi 

was amazingly piquant^-rscarcdy a one of her friends, whom the hus- 

single mask escaped her recogf^tmn. band has at <mce mistaken for his 

Tlie more 6tisarre the degrees, the more spouse, and in consequence never loses 

interesting the scrutiny ; and it nevc$r sight of her one instant ; this hiqmy 

was long at fault. After witnessing man will return home to-morrow, obn 

several instances of her 8)ull, all truly lighted with bis night, more than 

nrmiaing in their way, I expressed a ever in love with a wife whom he wiU 

wiu to leaxn the nipnes of some ind^ O^raa a model to those of his friends, 

▼idnals whom I pointed out to her, and, pn occasion, will be the first to 

sod who, for the last hour, had been laugh at deceived husbands, 
ptmnenading through the rooms in all This clumsy peasant, in dose flirta- 

the aodaetty of a strict incognito. tion with that little blue domino, is 

That fist man, said she, who sports an old notary, who loves to seek ad- 

a livery, is a grand seigneur, who has ventures ; his wife, who is aware of 

in his youth, and who, from i^ instead of flying into a rage with 

the habit of dunging, has at last con- him, disguises nerself in turn, and 

trived to manage witibout them. — He comes here weognita to receive the 

is the flower <» modem gentlemen— dedarationa of her qpouse — She haa 


Parisian Sketches. 2</b, L 


fairly caught him^ nor will she let 
him go till he goes home. See^ he is 
quite delighted here with the same 
woman of whom at home he is weari- 
ed. — What would he not give io have 
power to get a divorce from one wife 
to put the other in her place ? — What 
a wonder-worker is a mask? Who 
could persuade that man now that it 
is his own wife whom he finds so 

That Harlequin who flirts by is a 
statesman^ who, from converting in- 
to pieces of oratory his official reports, 
has created for himself a reputation, 
in so much the more formidable, that 
it casts into astonishment those who 
knew him, and into admiration those 
who do not, — not that his style is ori- 
ginal, for aU that he says has a bor- 
rowed tone. But the art with which 
he debates all his opinions — ^the ani- 
mation with which ne sustains senti- 
ments that have not the slightest re- 
semblance to each other, and the va- 
riety successively remarked in his po- 
litics, have finimed by persnadinshis 
friends even that this man had all the 
requisites to make a great man. Un- 
til the present, however, he has bound- 
ed himsdftomerelymakeagreat noise.* 

As my guide ceased speaking, a 
slight murmuring spread through the 
saUe ; we inquiied its meaning, and 
were informed that a mystificator 
had sent off all the polichin^los of the 
ball, one after the other, by succes- 
sivel;^ whispering to each that he ran 
the nsk of being arrested by the gens 
d'armes, at that instant in search of 
^poHchineUo, who had just commit- 
ted a considerable robbery. The po- 
lice make the bravest tremble— jus- 
tice frightens the most honest. Thus 
Messieurs les Polichinelloe, not over 
anxious to have anything to do wid^ 
grace authority, nor over anxious be- 
sides to stand revealed to public gaze, 
hastened altogether from the fleld, to 
the no sli^t amusement of the mysti- 
ficator, who, by this ingenious strata- 
gem, had got rid of a rival, who Was 
laying close siege to la dame de ses 

I will not weary you now, resumed 
my companion, by sketching the por- 
traits of that wife, of her husband's, 
or this husband of two wives ; nor of 
that original who thinks he disguises 
himself by turning out die green li- 
ning of ^s biue coat; nor of ihis 
other, who takes a new name every 
time he commits a new folly ; nor of 
that republican infidel, who is become 
a religious royalist ; nor of a thousand 
other evil characters, of whom, if you 
have curiosity to hear, look in on me, 
and I shall put you in possession of 
more than you know at present 

It is not to be expected that I should 
add the address which the domino 
gave me. 

It was near ^ye when my conduct- 
ress parted from me; the greater num- 
ber of ihe masks had disappeared ; 
the saSe had resumed its accustomed 
air of dulness and desolation. A few 
scattered masks, slumbering on the 
benches, seemed rather to have yidd- 
ed to the soporific influence of the 
scene than of the hour; the very mu- 
sicians played only half dances ; the 
anti-room contained but about a do- 
zen of dominos, whose faces made one 
regret their masks. After having con- 
templated all these personages, and 
assiured myself the Bai de FOpera 
contained nothing more worthy of 
remark, I retired, promising not to 
forget ihe rendezvous my pretty mask 
had given to me. 

Just at the moment that I crossed 
the interior corridor, I saw pass by 
the pair I had so vainly sou^t. As 
soon as they perceived me, they sepa- 
rated abruptly; the young man re- 
turned into the salle — the domino fled^ 
but as she could fly no farther than ihe 
door, to which her carriage had not 
yet driven up, I had time enough be- 
fore it did to recognize the pretty Ma- 
dame O. the declined enemy of mask- 
ed balls, who had frightened us three 
or four hours earlier, by expatiating 
on the various dangers a pretty wo- 
man ran there — I trembled for n^. 

* This seems inteaded fat Ch— d. 


New Ear Tntmpet. 





Mft Editor^ 

^ Having taken in your very sape- 
rior Miscellany, from its earliest day to 
the present, I know you as the friend 
of man. Upon this ground, I am con- 
fident that you will grant the request 
I make, of inserting the short notice 
I now send in your very first Numher, 
that those labouring under deafness 
may reap, from the improvement which 
I have made upon the Ear Trumpet, 
the advantages which I so unexpected- 
Ij enjoy. 

Many years ago, in*consequence of a 
coi^h ofmost uncommon severitv, an 
injury was done to some part of the 
internal structure of my leA ear, which 
oompletely rohbed me of hearing 
thrcMigh that organ. Immediately aN 
ter this accident, I was seized with a 
timmhu aurium, which held out the 
dismal prospect of entire deafness. 
For this malady, I had recourse to 
sBuff, and its effects upon the iinnUus 
were soon perceptible. Still, however, 
the hearing upon the right ear remain- 
ed obtuse, and extremely contracted 
my social enjoyments. I applied in 
rterj quarter, including his Majesty's 
Aunat, for die most improved ear- 
trumpet. From none of these instru- 
ments was the most trivial benefit de- 

My thoughts being much employed 

ri die salgect, it occurred to me 
every ear-trumpet which had been 
tent to me conveyed the collected sound 
throogli a very small tube, the orifice 

of which was inserted in the ear ; and 
now a purospect opened which aflS>rded 
hope. I immediately ordered an instru- 
ment to be constructed, of the finest 
hlock-tin, one end of which included 
the whole external ear, and the other, 
(circular also,) of larger diameter, col- 
lected the sound, which was conveyed 
by a straight tube, of some capacity, 
into the ear. 

The result was most gratifying, in- 
deed, beyond my roost sanguine ex- 
pectation, enabling me to carry on a 
conversation with a friend, with the 
utmost ease to myself, and without 
exertion to the person addressing me. 

It is the establishmentkif the prin*- 
dple of this improvement upon the 
£ar-TVumpet to which I am sc^- 
citous to give publicity, leaving to 
younger men to make experiments 
upon the length and diameter of the 
tube, and of other parts of the instru- 

The only attempt towards improve- 
ment which I made, was the making 
a transverse section of the smaller 
circle, so as to approach nearly to the 
shape of the ear ; and, by a htde ma- 
nagement, it answers my expectation. 

With this I transmit a sketch of the 
instrument I use. 

I remain, Mr Editor, 
with much esteem, 
your very obedient servant, 

Disblair CoHage, Aberdeeen, 
16M July, 18S3. 


The ParMm's Vhitor. 



A Lyrical Ballad. 

Aw almost cloudleM antomn sky, 
Elastic freshness in the idr. 
And yet the brec^ but lazily 
Uplifts the gossamer, — 

Uplifts that mazy roof, whereon 
A thousand shuUles hsTe been plied ; 
0*er blade and stalk, o*er dod and stone, 
It spreads on every side. 

Turn to the sun, — and it will shine, 
A fairy-web of tapestiy 
liighted in one far-stretching line. 
Just like a moon*ligfat sea. 

Look back, e*en there, their trammds 

The spinners have as ihiddy fpnn ; 
Yet they dude our prying sight. 
Save when they meet the sun. 

Strange work, ye tinj artissns. 
Is this of yours, on dale and down ! 
The nat*rallfet scatrce u n d er sta nds 
More of it than the down* 

Pardon that we your meshes sweep, 
For yon old elms our steps invite, 
Round which a troop of swattows keep 
A v«stle«, graoeftil flight. 

It is my chimney^s fuU-fledgM brood, 
With sooty head and cordet grey. 
And here ^ey ply, for insect fbod. 
Their sldll in fJUooory. 

Feed on, ^ad birds, you will not long 
Scud round these meads in rapid ring ; 
A call is heard your sires among. 
For each to imp his wing. 

The snnuBooa has airived i fat flight 
Our summer visitors prepare :. 
I saw a oondave yesternight 
Assembled in the air. 

Ineetsaat twittering flll*d the sky. 
Just as th« flrsMlar mikkd fbrth ; 
I knew it as their gathering-^sy, 
Beftwt they qua the North. 

Twili^t^s grey vault was all astir 
MTiih the bbdt swum th«t spedded it, 
I<M loBg win diey their vn^age deftf, 
Thdr darkns sound retreat. 

Thdr privilege I envy not. 
Of livmg, whercsoe*er they roam. 
In summer sunshine, — since *ta bought 
At die expense of home ! 

Strangers ye are — itinerants- 
Pilgrims, that wc&d from feast to feast — 
An annual caravan, that haunts 
This pleasant stage Ibr rest 

No wanderer I.-me 'twould not suit 
To have my smsJbilitifs 
Scatter*d, where they would bear no fruit, 
*Neath evcr-dumng skies ; 

Plant-like, once flxM, I joy to spread 
The fibres of intense afi^sction 
0*er one small circuit, where they (bed 
On dght and reodkodon. 

To-morrow comes, — the swallow race 
Reck not,— they leave these scenes 

While I hope here through life to pass. 
And here a graire to find. 

See, from these dms the bounds you tra£e 
Which sirdle in my parsonage ; 
Own, fiiend,->that in a pleasant place 
Hath frll*n my heritage ! 

Unhasp*d, there swin^ niy rustic gate ; 
Enter, and see what, m his wane. 
The rinenmg sun hath done of late 
Within my small domain. 

My shrubs encroadi upon my walks ; 
My flower-beds are a wildemeA 
Or seeded husks and rampant sialks — 
A tangled, sdf-will*d mass. 

The vine, tiiat wraps my wall, and cra;vca 
For entrance at cani casement nook. 
Has lost the deep green of it* leaves. 
And wears a tamishM look ; 

The dusters now more obvious are. 
Each venturing tmrn its summer hold, 
Mark what a sunward ttogeihey bear — 
A flush of flamy gold. 

Nor let me^ thankless, fail to point 
That other vine, whose lowlier stems 
Are hnoff at every knot and jcnnt 
Wiui amethystine gems. 

live we not in a verdant bower ? 
That calm ddight of Paradise, 
Which flowM from tendhig fruit and flower. 
My garden-plot sup^es. 

.^udi were ihe ti^cs which obtainM 
Place in our desnltorv talk. 
As, fbUowed by a college fHend, 
I led the horaewara walk. 

It was by merest aoddent 
That I had won him for a guest, 
For, when I met him, he was htaai 
On travd to the West. 

My saunter had conducted me 
MHiere the Mail passes evety day, — 
I saw him in it, and my plea 
Persuaded him to stay. 

Ho still was dweDioff liiM^eringly 
In Oxford^s crowded sohtude 
(*T1s such to yearning hearts) while I 
Had left the hrotherhood ; 

Long left the college, wdl content 
Ta take this pastoral benefioe, 
And gained my Mary*s fraok.eooasnt 
An hnmUe board to Vlesb 

iaBB.3 ^^ Fttrtom'i FMar. 901 

Stadkt wfcfe, since we htd met. The old men stand ereet, and look 

Had wioaght anon his etery feature. Intent upon the preacher*s &ce, 

FurowHig a pcliah^d hiow,— and yet Loving to hear explain'd that book. 
No book-worm he by nature. Which speaks of fidth and grace ; 

Pore dMughts, qniek feelinffh homage hi^ 
Far NaCnie*s every orade. 
These bad been hit and did not dia 
In his monastic celL 

8«di vaa iht fkicnd to whom my stock 
Of simple pleasures I produced. 
Nor £nrM to fcd the numbing thock 
Of sympathy reftised. 

frieod, examine «n within. 
There's eomlbrt in my little nest. 
Nor wants tfaeve proof of genuine^ 
Although uncostly t^Me^ 

We ladk no charm whidi music makes. 
That chest^Hke foune of hidden strings 
Beneath my Mary's fingers wakes 
Responsive as she sings. 

The walls betray my pencil's wodc ; 
Yet with it Mary's needle may 
Boast rivalry ; no tints osn lurk 
Unsufajjeet to her sway. 

See, by ow hearth, her flowers endure 
TW winter thfoofh on rug and cushion ; 
Tea, aH the adapted fiimiture. 

And she, — this casket's single gemr— 
Who brigbtens 'neathherhusband'sdance, 
And, moon-like, radiates light on them, 
Who share his countenance. 

She (an uDweetin^) will prevail. 
In making you this truth confess,-* 
If woes the married state assail. 
The single knowajiot bliss I 

Baal, wedded love ! thy constant flame, 
Like that of lamps of yore entomb'd. 
Nor age's pthji^ hand can tame, 
Nor is it sel^consumed ! 

Look found, I call this room my owi. 
For see, my books display themselves ; . 
Youll find some old acquaintance, known 
Long unce on CoU^e shelves. 

This open window gives to view. 
The bcil-tower of my vUlage-church^ 
Pecriag above that ancient yew. 

Which guards its eross-crown'd porch. 

FkB to die south, the hallow'd field 
Opens ita bosom, while behind, 
A knot of dnos, with leafy shield, 
Aqpds the northern wind. 

There weekly sm I circled round, 
^ an attentive multitude, 
Tb whom, I trust that I am found 
A minister of good* 

The cats poor out their various groups ; 
Qnadsire and dame on staff's support. 
And stioogJimb'd youth, inflmts, and 
M9Qt nam4eBiinni n irsm sport. 

Vol. XIV. 

While the young crowd that fill the aitk» 
Their prayers put up, theii praises paid, 
Decorouc sit, but wish the while 
The final blessing said. 

I kndw their every joy and woe. 
And how they're sway'd by hope and feaTr 
Summon'd or -not, 'tis mine to go. 
The death-bed's gloom to cheer. 

Their children's suardian I ; a train 
On me await, their minds to store 
With love to Qod, and love to man,. 
And other gpspel lore. 

Merely to fix the marriagMirs, 
Is but prerooative of station ; 
I joy to think they highly prise. 
My private approbation. 

The doubtful swain oft comes to me. 
With an his hopes and fears at strife, 
Uis theme . ■ not maidfln's cruelty. 
But of his BMans of life. 

Trust me, this pastoral employ, 
Thou^ it hath toilsome, painful hours» 
Oft httvests crops of richest joy. 
And gathers wieaths of flowers. 

——But hark ! a voice that shouts amain 
" Father !" with chUdbood's esgemess ; 
My boy (a three years' imp) bursts in 
To daim the aecostom'd Idss. 

This done— his courage soon is kid- 
He turns— the stranger is d es c rie d^— 
It drives him, into ambuscade, 
His Cither's leg beside. 

^ Come iidrth, ihy child I"— He'U not foiw 

My coat-flsp's deep intrenching screen. 
Yet peeping thence, one dimpud cheek 
And one bright eye are seen. 

Not &r behind, the mother speeds 
In quest of this her truant Im^ ; 
Her husband leen, how quick succeeds 
The blush-roie hue of joy ! 

** Mary, you wiU, I know, rtjoice, 
BIy old, my long-tried fHend to see ;"^ 
She welcomes hmi with hand and vofae. 
In matron modesty. 

Her native grace and wish to please, 
Bid ceremony disappear ; 
And the shy ooBeger 's at ease. 
As she his sister were. 

I saw conviction m him rne^ * 

That 'tis not good to be alone. 
Where man's most sacred sympathies , 
Are waste, or spent on one^ 

And en he o'er my threshold croM'd, 
He came my private ear to ten, 
That he would be no longer lost 
Within a monkish ceU; 


Tki fktimiftfMifk 

at Q nMM hidi tun Mi letluM|[j i 
That pMoea ihodld not b« ttpnm^ 
Which bMMait timld&ty 

Wat intfthering io hk brtmL 

For morbid fear had trhiinphM kmg. 
And hope had flicken*d in the strife ; 
The moody inanr had measurei wMog, 
The requiftttci of hfe. 

Here now he taw, what bHst intense, 
Ftom pare and mutual lo\e was teap*d ; 
Saw too« how small a competence 
Om tem p e iai e ubk faeap'd. 

Nor luxury, nor gorgeoosness, " 
Was known within our homenead-feiici. 
But we had all which suited us. — 
Plenty and eleganee. 

Like lot was at his option, yet 
He fiwcied it would not snmce, 
(From too fitftidious estknate,) 
For household deeendea. 

Wrong h«d htf #9ne tHi ttftidf winai kf 
LoTod fbndly-UHrt wfth tfenl l9f»; 
He would not, ftoin ber tank) tkni dM 
ShonU e* A one sttp 

Wrong fadi h6 done herf.^y«4, Uit esoaii 
Of love his judgment had be»ay*d } 
For hhn, since larger saeviiio 

8he would hare l^ladfy msdai - 

Yet he the young attachment, dieekM, 
Each smile by unresolve was hUghtoi* ■ 
What eottld the maiden htft snspeec. 
Her passion MRvquHid ? 

It waa not so— his inmost soul 
Denies it — yea, his heart*s deep on# { 
The world's opinion hdd oontiol 
0*er htm it hidds n« AWlb 

The sltered notions, m I nrighl, 
I nursed, iaSk hope rose smiling 
He came, a kme desponding wight ; 
He went^ a Uithesome lattt. 

He In gay ^bMini ihe future spann*d t 
The f&wBiB were gone that gloomM his snn | 
And long er6 this, hand pledged in haad« 
The maid and he are one. 



Mr North, 
t*HB cry whidiy of late years^ the 
Whigs have found Jt convenient to 
raise concerning what their impudence 
styles " the abusiveness of tne Tory 
press^" is now CQmpletely and satis&c- 
torily appreciated by the public Of 
that I shally theren>re, say nothing. 
But look for a moment to tnemselves. 
In each of the three great departments 
of arms, law, and literature, it is in- 
disputable that a Tory stands at the 
head. The Duke of Wellington, Sir 
Walter^eott, and Lord Eldon, are each 
of them a first without a second. The 
whole Whig press labours, as a matter 
of course, to reduce these great men 
from this painful pre'-eminence. If 
you* believe the EdinbiB^h Review, 
the Liberal, Don Juan, and the rest 
of them, the Duke of WdUagton is a 
mere sei^eant — Waterloo was an acci- 
dent Tile ahuse of Sir Walter Scott 
is limited to the inferior organs, fot 
this one reason^ and no other^ that Mr 

Constable is hit puhlisher; bat die 
whole pack join in full dioraa agaiatt 
the venerable Chancellor of E^^and. 

It is not my intention to occupy the 
time of your readers with any aeedleaa 
eulogy of the last named ulustrioo* 
character. He is so totally above the 
creatures that bark at him, that their 
fi-enzyis a fit subject for langhter, and 
for nothing but laughter. There h0 
sits — a man who began the world with 
no fortune but his education and hia 
taleots-^wiUi no oanneitibni wliatefer 
»-With no pretence to any sort of et* 
termd aids-^there he sits, sdf-raiiedy 
and self-suatahied. Indisputably the 
first roaii im the ]a# of the Und-^^Ml 
of yesrs and of hoBo«r»— a spkodiA 
example of the pdweT of nieHt*% li*^ 
ving witness that there is at Inst one 
country in the worid whoa meiit aam 
do everything* 

That.sBch a ttian riioidd reoeive tba 
comfdiment of eternal abnae ftatn the 
paltry otgana of the party to mbkk 


* Observations on the Judges of the Court of Chancery, and the IRNietllia and 
Delays complained of in that Court London* John 'Mfunff Albmiwile BUwHL 



Th$ kit Whig 4tttth9»m Lord K^vtttlkr, 

Ail jtBililii^^l whit mi^b»(MU 
pwttd. BvitfatltMhspmtnaijKr 
ITfTy finragbtm fliraold eondMcend 
toioin In the yeU of vueb bMenew^ U 
moMd a UiiBg Id make every one tbat 
bat aoYcaraecl for intdleet blush. Mf 
Bfovgnani ib, I see, oooifionally tneer* 
ad at by Mime of those who write 
political articles in your Msgaiine, af 
if be did not deserve the intellectual 
sepotalion he yoeicsflOD. I cannot pay 
theaa ^Bntlemen the compliment ii 
joining mjr voice to theirs^ quomd hoc* 
Mr Brougnam is a man of astonishing 
telcDts and acquirements; he carries 
on his shoulders one of the most tI- 

r»ua heads now in England^ or in 
wofld ; be has a masare strength 
of nndentanding ; he has pstience un- 
wearied^ and industry inexhaustible ; 
be is, if not an elq^ant speaker, a moat 
powerful deelaimer; he is^ in short, 
^ oyly Whig now in Parliament to 
whom an^diing like first-rate talent 
aad capacity can be ascribed. This is 
a^ opinioo of MrBrougham's intellec* 
tMl station. I tliink proper to begin 
with saying so much, to prevent mis^ 
takes ; — for my purpose certainly is to 
ahoas him very heartily in the sequel. 
Mr Bnnigham ia ail I have said ; 
hot be is not all that he thinks him-» 
self-.-fiur less aU that bis slavish and 
dokiah admiiers, within his own par- 
if, give hbn oat to be. Among other 
«Mts, be certainly is no great law- 
yer. No man of real eminence at the 
kngiiah Bar ever dreamt of saying 
(bat he waa. He mtul, however, he 
enoogb of a lawyer to understand 
aomeibingof the real legal merits of 
the flrat lawyer that has appeared ia 
ynpWiil for more than twojeenturies 
past. He mmst understand in some 
iegne tbe extent, the wenderfVil ex- 
of Lord £idon's genius as a law. 
be has never hesitated to 
hisadmimdoa of Lord Eldoo's 
V^fffaJ** bosMsty and candour as a 
Jndge. Having, tbeeefore, that fed- 
big and knowledge of what the man 
vtaBy ia, vhieh I cannot hdp think- 
iag it abaobitely impossible such a 
■ctasB-aa Mr Bvonghans can. want^-I 
aenfas, it is to me a matter of very 
MiaAil observation, that Mr Brougham 
Lm of lase condescended to lend bis 
gMat taienia to the auTOort ofi gn at- 
tack, which oven thek best exertion 
§nm bong erery way vila 

. Is it poisiblo tbit dH this oan bavs 
originate in a omse so basal jr sel- 
fish and unworthy as that, the infln* 
tnce of which the world must be al- 
lowed to be excusable in detecting 
elsewhere? Is it possible that Mr 
Bron^^m should have aeted from a 
motive so dirty, as his (riend Mr Den- 
man cartainly has done his best to in- 
sinuate. Mr Denman, the Common 
Sergeant of the city of London, saysj 
thst he, Mr Denman, cannot help aa« 
cribing Mr Brougham's want of a silk 
gown to the improper political anti- 
pathy of Lord Chancellor Eldon. Mx 
Denman also diaapproves of the Chan- 
cellor's not having given a silk gown 
to his friend Mr Wuliams. Nodoubt, 
if the Aldermen of London town had 
not given Mr Denman the office of 
Common Sergeant, Mr Denman would 
also have amisod the Chancellor for 
allowing Mr Denman to wear so pal- 
try a stuff as bombaseen. This cry, 
however, is ehaunted and rechannted 
by every Whi<^ and Radical paptir in 
the country ; and in the midst of ,tha 
clamour uprises, first, Mr Brougham, 
and then that inefitably inferior person 
Mr Williams, to abuse the Lord Chan- 
cellor, where theLord Chancdlor could 
not be present to defiend himself— in 
the House of Commons I 

Few persons who have been in tba 
habit of attending to parliamentary 
affiura of late years, wul hesitate to 
admit that the licence of parlifim^t- 
ary abuse, in regard to absent pensons^ 
has been carried to a moot alarming 
height. Well does the author of thja 
pamphlet say, 

. ** Scarctfy anything is gntUUi to Im oip- 
atfrom thejmbtk, <iim/Mffftsmmtayy assn* 
mihmf btoiute tk$ tiecutar jm pii vil ^gt iU ami 
tan tkakt with mpwnity mkaiattr tak k$ 
^kmhfitt wiikmi an^ ennUmUion inio i$$ 
Urutkf and hs can LtMML whom heplta9mtritki9 
mU personal ntsftonsibUitjf^ It is a lanumU 
ubUfictf that these statements are <jften or- 
culatefi tkroygh the country ^ to the disgrace 
af men (^honoiiramlintegrity^ who have notf 
at an^ time» ar^ Jcdr ojijwrl^mity afforded 
thtm <^repdUng such attacks^ howei^er tm- 
Just or scandalous ; /or to publish contracHC' 
tions and proof umUd be ruinous ; and m 
thai jilace wJiere the accusations are made, tk$ 
accused cannot be heard.** 

This is indeed the truth, and I hava 
no hesitation in saying, that if things 
go on in the present train for a, few 
ynara mom, a narliamfntary reform of 
aoe kind will be forced down 4lia 

ihrohUofoarkgUatoTs. ThemMn- Ij rwtre, < 

fdlr dag in Ei^ wldumt, to a HmMcnibb exmt, d^ 

jr ibBie yon or me p«rtii^ from the cuMntrfedanette 

ptcues, prorlded offahitatkni. HowikrHrB 
member, iiid wo .... • - . 

;l)e House of Corn- 

member, ind we retpeet for the penonal nfttj of Hr 
;l)e House of Com- Brougjuim ■in' Iwre been eratifled in 
ayt is printed in many of Mr BnmgliBm'i lata kIcv- 

b the island ; and tions of mbjecta for Hr Brongbaia'B 
he lies, I rnn tent abate, I do not think myself called 
to Newgate for jaj pains, because upon to imlitute any inquiry just at 
— O ye Gods ! — because the liar baa present. There can be no donbt tiiat 
the privilege of Parliament lo wrap attacking jodges and doctors of diri- 
himielf in. Depend on it, this will not nity is very pretty apart in one pmnt 
do much longer. I know what I should of view — hut let that pasa. Dr Phil- 
do were the case my own. I should potts has ssid the thing alread*, in hia 
aend to the menaber who had abused Letter to the Editor irf the Bdinbnrgfa 
nae a copy of a nearapaper in which his Review ; and nobody will gain much 
abuse waa printed, with a red line credit by trying to do lietter that 
thnnl^ the paragraph, lo aa to call which Dr Philpotts has done wriL 
bia eye to the worda. If he got up in Adieu, then, to all digressjona, and 
his ^aee that nme night, and dis- come we at once to the pamphlet be- 
elaimed, reltacted, or anologiked, all five ua. I Tstne it, dr, and I valne it 
ahoold be welL If he did not, I should Tcry highly— not oetrtainly for its ar- 

■ —' — hapurpose, which is tmlyhonDorsbU- 

and I should be sent to Newgate. I fbr ita tone, whidi is at once modestand 

know that very well, but I also know, manly ; and, above all. Tor ita beta, 

that no English gentleman would ever which are triumphant, as Uiey r^ard 

be sent to Newgate again for any such the Chancellor, and damning, as tbtj 

cause. I know that one such blow-up r^;srdtbatdeTeT,thatTerTcLeTeriiian 

would put an end to the thing tar erer. of hrasa and bombaaeen, ute hmmank- 

I am heartily aorry that this course was bte and leaioed Membrr for Windri- 

notpuTsued in certain recent instances, sea. It is nothing new to me to aee • 

with which your Scotch readers, in pert barrister jumping at the fUat op- 

partieular, must be sufficiently fami- portunity he baa of inniltlng a Judge 

liar. I have no hesitation in saying, out of court. One sees that every year 

that the first man who an in tbalvenerable court, theGenenlAa- 

A , a B , or a H ,for worda atmbly of the Kirk nf Scotland. When- 

irf slander ' qwken in the House of ever any learned Lord of Session, who 

Commons, and not instantly retract- happens to be a member of Assembly, 

ed there, will be a great public bene- delivera bi« ojunion upon anyauhject, 

ftctor. He will have the merit, the you are sure to see some raw puggiah 

Btomr and the immortal moit, of ef- Puppy get up on the other side of the 

Kctmg the only radical reform that ttouae, and endeavour to pay off the 

the House of Commons standa in need icore of. any rebnlua or neglects hk 

of. His ■ will deaerve to be profeasional conduct and qnearanee 

wreathed vrith myrtle as well aa the may have drawn down upon nis head 

aword of Ariit(^;ettan ever did. That elaewfaete, aincelaat sitting of the Ve^ 

oneact will be remembered &r ever; nerable. I have often witnswed lUm 

and the standing toast among all tnie sort of thii^ (ea|iecially among the 

lovers of liberty will be (down, at all Whig*,) and as often wished for • 

events, to the commencement nt the aonirL But certainly, aa I hare hink- 

mUlenium], " The cause, for the aake ed already, it is sotnethiug qmite n»< 

of wbi^ na til waa .— — ■ d In the expected, to hear of aodi a man aa Mr 

Lobby." Bran^am enleitaiBing the Howe of 

The preceding dinertation npon a Coroniona with an attan upon ■ncfa ■ 

•ubject which is really of Ac moat judge s* Lord Eldon; and, what ia beat 

alarming intereat, has bean attended of bU, attacking him in eudi a atete of 

with a momentary oblivion, not of Mt pTofinaid t gnoi M ice aa to expoae hiia> 

Brougham— but certainly of hia late aelf to men a thtadiii^ aa U» andiw 

abominable proceediogs in regard to of this moat laudable pamphlet haa 

the Lord Chancellor — a person, who, had the aatiaftction of inflictiiw. 

asMrBrou^iam is perhapa aoffideni- AapamphletanererciiciilatelntlMat 

183S.3 Tki laU Whi^ AUaeks 

tunes, the author Bhoold at once have 
made hia paper a oontributiou to your 
Mtgudne, or the Quarterly Review ; 
but ainoe he has notdooe thisy I mean 
to do the nesLt best thmg, by sldmming 
off the cream of his pampnlet fof the 
benefit of you and your readers. In 
doing ao, I shall probably occupy a 
good many of your columns^ but I am 
sure you will never think that they 
can be devoted to a more usefiil pur- 
poae. The general reader, however, 
need not be alarmed ; I shall extract 
nothing but what is amusing; as well 
as instructive. 

The two great topics of abuse against 
the Court <Sf Chancery, were the e»- 
tmagance of the costs, and " the law's 
deUy." In regard t6 th% first of these, 
Mr Brougham, who, by the way, is 
not, nor evar was, an equity lawyer, 
had aaid in the House of Commons, 
that no honest lawyer would ever ad- 
vise the instituting of an equity suit 
fir the sake of a suni of L.50, or L. 100, 
or for any inconsiderable sum. Now, 
hear the uaw& ; it is logical and phi- 
losophical^ it is like a lawyer^ and 
like an honest man. 

" Nothing can be more silly or unfair 
than to eaat reflections on a judge or 
his court, because, to gain aright of little 
Talne, greater expense must be incurred 
than the right is worth ; such a case may 
occur in a mere court of conscience of 
the pettiest description. Let it, however, 
oerer be forgotten, that these expenses 
commonly fidi on the party against whom 
a decree is pronounced, and by whom the 
snit is rendered necessary. 

'* It is impossible to frame a law to pre- 
vent costs of suit exceeding the value of 
the subject in litigation, where that va- 
hie is inconsiderable ; because rules qfevU 
dence eannoi be relaxed or abandoned to the 
iestrudian of the prindples on which they are 
fiuMdedf so as to admit (finsi^fflcient or im- 
peded proof, in petty matters^ lest by that 
meoMs precedents might be made for deciding 
aff cbttms an ftdse, uncertain, or insufficient 
esiiemee. If this was done, we should have eS' 
tsiSskedone system of taw for the poor, and 
mmtkerfir the rich. If the bsw allowed any 
pssofcf necessary fouts to be dupensed with, 
that a party might at little costs acquire a 
petfy right, who could calculate in how many 
mstanoes Jaise Judgments wotUd be gwen, 
Jhm trusting to insufficient testinumy f The 
n^ds amd wrongs cf the poor wotild be okoays 
ia a iSaJbe oflegtd uncarkxmhf, and no pro- 
mam could admse them with confi' 

OH the Lord Chancellor, 


'* It is incident to all good laws that as 
moch and as minute testimony sbould be 
required to sustain a small as a great de- 
mand, to prove a title to a cottage, as to 
prove a title to a nobleman's mansion and 
estates. Facts cannot by human ingenuity 
be reduced or arranged according to the im- 
portance of the things to which 5iey relate, 
and suitors often cannot prove &cts, which 
form links in the chain of evidence, with- 
out bringing together many witnesses 
from different places, while the most im- 
portant facts are often ppoved by the pro- 
duction of a written document or by a 
single witness. Reforming legislators 
cannot reverse, or overcome this order of 
things, without reducing the certainty Of 
a court of justice to the level of a ffoa- 

" The comrnon law courts of justice, which 
passed unnoticed in the late debates, are, m 
the trial of causes, more expensioe than the 
Court of Chancery, which was so uigustly 
and so severely attacked, because^ on the 
trial of common law cases, at the sittings 
or the assizes, several hundred witnesses 
are kept in attendance from day to day, 
and for many days together: while in 
Chancery suits the precise period at which 
each witness may make his deposition, 
ean generally be ascertained and regula- 
ted to suit the convenience of the parties, 
and to prevent the necessity of witness- 
es attending on the examiners or coni- 
missioners from day to day, and for many 
days, as is the case on the trial of suits at 
Common law. The names of sottie sui£i 
in Chancery have been given, and thehr 
attendant costs set forth ; and in the Ap- 
pendix, No. I, will be found, indiscrimi- 
nately selected, two or three suits which 
were tried at common law, for small de* 
mands, with the amount of their verdicts^ 
and the differences between the taxed and 
Che real costs; and these proofii will 
evince, that whatever can be said on the 
subject of costs in our courts of equity^ 
applies with equal force to our common 
law courts. But it was deemed improper, 
by the chief deckdmers in the late debates, to 
contrast their own courts, with whose prac^ 
tiee, it is to be presumed, they were best ao- 
quainted, with the practice ^ the Court ^ 

The reader is aware that Brougham, 
Denman, and Williams, are all prac- 
titioners in the Common Law Courts, 
not in the Courts which they were at- 
tacking as expensive. Remarking this, 
it is pleasant enough to cast one's eye 
over the article in the appendix, to 
which the preceding extract points. It 
is thus:— 


Th€ laie Whig MaekMxm the Lord Oumttlkr. 


I ham toVkiSnid a list of osnrnxm law caiisoi in tlie Coaii of Kiag^g , 

ditcriminrtdy, Mme of whidi were cnes depending od or»l tetdmonyt and io laeh 
M dc^pend on documentary evidenee, die plaintia loses but an ia^onsideiabla sum on 
tezation of costs ; but his kxs fluctoates io all cases according to the number of vitneasea 
zequired to maintain his cause. From this statement it will appear, that the total amount 
of the loss upco costs sustained by the plaintiffs, was jC160 : 19 : 7id., and the total amount 
of all the debu was ^112 : 19 : U^d., leaving the plaintiffs out of pocket £47 : 19 : 8d., 
OTer and above what they had to pay for the difference of costs as between attorney and 
dienty the bills made out for taxation being made out as between party and party. 








BUI as 


the BiU ai 
made out 





Sir H. WllMO 

£ 9, <L 
ilill 8 

£, $. d, 
74 9 n 

£ M. d. 

7 10 9| 

£ «. 4. 

19 d ^Lanr 

I^mdon • 



Jdui Wibon 

117 510 

98 4 

84 18 

19 1 10 




Ridu AttflcM 

J15 $ 7 

157 18 7 

31 1 5 

77 5 0, 



Artlu Clarenec 

130 7 

ISO 9 

4 10 

9 18 9 


DvroD . 


lames Stow 

4016 S 

57 10 

10 10 

3 8 f 




Thot. AUenoD 

5510 6 

54 10 


10 6 

W. Copetaad 




56 9 7 

49 15 

5 6 

8 14 7 





41 15 i 

40 4 5 

. 7 15 9 

1 8 1 


753 19 8 

593 0^ 

Hi 19 11} 

160 19 7^ 

In abuujig the Chancellory theae 
Whig Barristers were so &r '* left to 
themselves/' as the Presbyterian phrase 
i§, as to draw comparisons between him 
«nd the Vioe-Chanodlor, This was 
delicate ground for the author of our 
pamphlet ; but he has trodden it very 

** It is my wish to pL-osecvte this in* 
^ry without intradneing aoythhig that 

that the Lord Chancellor and Vice-Chan* 
ceMor appear to be sometimes actuated 
by different views, and a different sense 
of duty in the decision of cauvs; an4 
those who hare praised the Viee-Chan* 
cellor for his dispatch of businessi are per* 
haps not awareof the nature of these dif<> 

" It seems to be the pracdce of the 
Vice-Chancellor to send to courts of Uw 

lean be deemed serimoaions or unloBd; questions of importance, depending on 

and notwitfafltaading t entertain the high, nice distinctions of law or ftct ; and fre* 

nstopinioR of the present Vice-Chaneel. quentiy where he finds a contradiction in 

lor aa a jodge^ distinguished by consider, the evidence, or an unsettled and difficult 

able professional attaiamene% and great point of law» he sends the question to be 

acnteness of nund, it becomes necessary, decided by a Master, a court of law, or a 

in this put of my observations, to state; Jury.* He seldom bestows nauch time in 

• *' * The exhtence of the custom ought properly to be trtcd on an iane at law; but aa the parties 
aesire tt, lee H he referred to the Master, to aicertain affather, by the cuatpm «rf tbto bmpoc» a nmnin as 
In lererrion takes in any, and what caaas heoefliUUy.' . ^ , ^ _ . . ^ ., _^ 

«« • 1 do net stftihe affldav&ti aaio the deCsrioratioa of the land. It Is eoou^i to ny, tiny ase suf- 
llclentlY atrong to Juatify a reference to the M aster. '^Modtfocfc'* Reports, pp. »9, aW. 

•« « If this micstiaB had originally come before me, 1 should have o*)Uined the ophapo of a opurtaf 
Isw upon the q«eatioo. 1 shall not do ao now, as I entirely ccucxir with Lord Eldoirs Judgment in ma 

^» * Tkt Lofd ChaneOhr. It has at all tfanaa been the ooucae of paoc^edings for tUa Court to taks 
the Mshla ^r* of a i«ry, when there is so much of doubt that the Court feels such assistance to be »». 
cSsarv to the ri«ht determination of the case. But ft has never been the practice to put the partka to 
the ecMsae of aUal at law. withovt flat having aUtha evidence lead, and the em fully ai«Hcd* ODr 
1ms thTcouiMel on Uith akies agnwin aUting thaf such inustnecessaray be the iwu^ 

^<% LOTd ChMM^Ior am dearir of •piataB . that the Gout oaaht ta hear the aAdftvtoas^ 
the aigujnaiti on each aide, before|t sent the party toa Jury.'— fitfdfc'f Rep. pp. fl9i 650^ 551.** 

WW.3 ^f*' lale Whig Atta:kt on the Lard ChaneeUor. tOT 

mtcMigaliBf or rectFiicillnft contnuHctor^ ^ n 
tettimmtj, in order to comftoa Jeciaion 
apon tt ) but lie perbaiw acts on tlie con- 
rtcCkn, liiai tuck hbmtr dart natfinn any 
part ^ kU duly 1 Biid thinking it will le 

Ahk tett in a court of imt, he at Once di- " It is one thing to airlTe at tlje truth 

reefs an inquiry, n case to he sent to the bjr the comparison of contradietory evi- 

Jodfte*, or an isBue to be »*nt to h jury, dence j and anotlier, (o seiul ita contiS' 

Tbe firtt stage of the caiue is thiii quick, dictions to be reooncilcd btrora aiiotiiec 

ly disfMtcfaed, but the labour necessaiy to tribiinaL To decide on it loay occupy ■ 

^ dispatch Is neither tedious nor of ioi^ judge many boars, while, to reFer it lor 

duraTkm. decision to another court, wouJd not o^ 

" "nie IiOnl ChaliMlior acta on the bo- cupy him maiiy seconds ; and frequently 

Bef, that what he may be enabled Co de- it consumes more time to weigli and coa< 

elde bf patient bearing or reading, and aider the evidence, and to deduce accu. 

fflm and ddtlierate consideration, lie is rately the ^ts in one single itaux^ than 

bMiml to decide, In the honetc dixcbaige ia con&unied by directing issues, itiquiriea^ 

of the duty attached to hi* hinh office, and ^leciol cases, on the iieariog of oaa 

■rifhotit reference ts any other jurledlc- hundred. 

tkm. He considers ttiat he is not Justi- ' " Tike Vice-Chanoelloc baa cradit fbr 
1^ in exposing parties to the enormous dacicUng a cause or petition, when be dj. 
additional expense of a trial or hearing In Mcti an issua to be tiled, or refers a ess* 
another Court, imlesa «rhM« the ends of to a court of law ; and he oHsn takaa 
justice cannot be attained by any other this course aa soon as he discoTcra by re- 
means ; itii, influenced by this opinion, ferenoe to the aiiidavits or the deposU 
ke does not often refer to courts of law tions, that there is a plain and iDdispuCs- 
or to jorlu." * He never does ao If he bis contndictioo In Uie evidence not ta 
can bring his powerful mind to a right be recoucited, without either requiring 
dedaion, by laboriona consideration of the additional testimony, or bestowing great 
*»idertce belbre him, whether that eii- labour in emminlng minutely it* worth, 
dence eomea before him on motion, on it* competency, and its credibility. As 
petftioo, or on a hearing. Those houis Moo as the iaaue is detemincd, he ha* 
«f retirement, which other men devote to credit for deciding another suae, when 
pieanng and interesting pursuits, he de- he diracB a decree to be drawn up coo- 
iWe* to tt>e wearliome oonsideialion of aislent with the dndii^ of tile court, 
MHBiimn-place and contndictmy &tct* — wboaa verdict or opinion bai been ob- 
hrta which ptfplex and weary the nitid, tained. This coune of proemdiiv mtm 
Without erer alhrdlng to H any pleasure bU honour the tediouBiesa of lwK)Dg or 
or infonaation worthy remembrance. He readingdullandunintercatiogdeiKMttUHU 
never auffers himself to be hurried into and affidavits, in some me* cprering up* 
tnvt ; and this etn, unjustly called de- wards of one hundred brief aheets ; but 
h^. is a Messing to the suitors and the these iaaues, and these cases, which others 
Montry. He Is a Judge wbo appears to are required to determine, iocresse cbs 
kate read Lord Bacon's hints on jTidJca- parties' expenses at the rale of from 
late with approbation ind profit; for it £.100 to L.J00t or even &om 1.500 to 
nnnot be denied that he ha* acquired L.700 in each causa ;{ and sometime* 
ttw esaenilil partof juBtloe~~' FATIZKCE an inquiry or an issue is not directe4 
WD GEAvrTY OP HEAUNO. He trniadert with sufficient precinon to bo usefuV 
■I Its grace to ajudgefirtt to find that which and a seOBOd il^uiry or issue becoow* 
tcM^ AnvekroRf m due lime from the tMC«*lary. 
far, or to AmjiddtHta^emceittntMainf " The Same partita, cm aimllar ooob 

111 r|uiida of btt, to Bfjdtocs ipposii toBom 

lOwtutt u 

SOS ThekOe Whig Attacks on ^ Lord ChanccUor. HAng. 

dons, when t>efore the Lord Ghuicellor, ther the jadgment was confiniied or orer- 

whether on motion, ^petition, or at the ruled. I hare not the means of ascer- 

hearing of the cause, if he deddes their taining, nor indeed do the proeeedings of 

case, (as he commonly does, without any the court enable me to ascertain, in how 

appeal to a^court of Uw,) get his judg- many cases appeals are made to the Lord 

ment at a cost of a few pounds. Chancellor, from the decisions o( the Vice- 

" I am engaged in the harmless dnid. Chancellor upon motions; but they are 
gery of collecting hicta to make out the commonly made and decided in a day or 
case I have in hand, and I do not pre- two after they b^ve been first heard in the 
sume to decide which course is best ; hut inferior court ; and sometimes it happens 
I trust I may, without offence, contrast, that the questions which do not occupy 
and attempt to ascertain the relative ad^ the mind of the Vioe-Cbancellor for five 
vantages and disadvantages of these dif- minutes, are sudi as necessarily occupy 
ferent modes of conducting Chancery the Lord Chancellor for a long time, like 
causes. Most men will be disposed to suitors are so desirous of having import- 
believe, that a Judge of the Lord Chan- ant matters heard by the liOrd ChanoeU 
cellor*s experience and attainments can, lor, that the very weighty and time-con- 
by patient bearing and reading, value evi- suming motions and causes come before 
dence as correctly, and penetrate into all him for decision ; and some of these cases 
its bearings and tendencies with as much occupy his lordship during the sitting of 
acuteness, as any Judge or Jury to whom a week ; such were Waters v. Xsylor ; 
it could be referred ^ and the known cau-. Agar and The Regent's Canal Company ; 
tkm and care which guide him in his de- Lloyd «. St Puil ; Sandford v. Gibbon, 
cisions, is a satis&ctory pledge that he On these fnotions, sometimes tbe right 
will not come to any conclusion on in- to several hundred thousand pounds is 
sufficient premises, or decide on testi- determined; and can any rational man 
mony, if the contradictory parts of it can- suppose that the parties, or the ends of 
not be explained or reconciled. If some justice, require precipitate decision? In 
particular part is in doubt which an affi- one of these cases, a solicitor lately pro- 
davit can explain, I have observed that ceeded with so much dispatch, that in a 
the Lord Chancellor requires one to hi few months his labours produced a bill 
made, and it perhaps tends to remove all of upwards of L. 1300 ; and in the course 
doubts in his mind, and enables him to of these proceedings he bad prematurely 
decide properly, at a saving of expense to apportioned the funds in court, consist- 
tbe parties of many hundred pounds. For ing of many thousand pounds, chiefly be- 
Buch benefits can any suitors regret a longing to infimts whose interests he had 
little delay?* to protect; and as soon as the Master'a 

** To do these things requires time, and report was obtained, he petitioned for the 
perhaps the Lord Chancellor may not, in ^plication of this fund, and chained an 
particular and difficult cases, give his order to dispose of it, by placing several 
judgment for several months; but are thousand pounds to the account of ^Mrtan 
the parties injured by this delay, moro indebted to theettatti and of the sums or- 
than they are by having their cause sus- dered to be pakl or carried over, scarcely 
pended for six or ten months, that the any w>>re oidered to be paid or carried 
futB or points of law on which it depends^ over correctly to tbe proper party, thou^ 
may be referred, at a great cost, to a jury, the costs inodent to this useless and mis- 
er a court of law ? How stands this great chievous proceedmg alone amounted (I, 
and important question ? Let those who speak from conjecture) to upwards of 
abuse the Lord Chancellor answer. It seven hundred pounds. This order^ after 
is very evident which course is the least it bad been made and passed, was aoci- 
aq>ensive to the parties. dentally discovered to be erroneous ; and 

** The FMiiamentaiy Return only states the ju<^e who made it, was informed of 

the number of appeals entered after cau- the fact by letter from a solicitor of the* 

ses have been heard. It does not euu- court, and the officers were instantlyibr- 

merate the appeals upon motions ; but bidden to act on the order ; its prc^pilety 

the Vice-Cbancellor has credit in all cases was, at the next sittizig of the oouft, die* 

of motions for accuracy of judgment,whe- cussed; and it was quashed, after em- 

• <' « Lord Bldon.^1 looked over the whole of theproeeedtngs, (hnn the bs^oniac to the «Dd« to 
iee vhecher the TerdicC ought to hare been diflterent, if the evidence had been reoeivM i Ibrk ii«ikM 
he Gurknu if you were to tend a CMe for trial to give anopportuoitr fat admHCiBf wvykmm, when* 
If that erideoce w«re takeo» and a diftrent verdict given la cooMqatBoe, your usatiiaus asiiiirt *oi 
theMby be Mtitfed, but dlMtlafled.'— Oov, tv. 55lT 



The late Whig Attadcs on the Lord Chancellor. 


f^oywg m the dtteusaion tve or six suc- 
eesmwe nigbtB^ from the sitting to the ri- 
UBg of the court, to the delay of otlicr 
fluiti. The«e proceedings afterwards oc- 
copied, on a single motion, several days 
before the Lord Chancellor. I quote 
these fiicts as an example and consequence 
of preii mtu re dispatch in a solicitor, lea- 
ring mj reader to infer what may be the 
eoBseqoeiice of premature dispatch in a 
ju4ge, whose error in judgment may not 
Only rain the suitors before him, but, by 
standing aa a precedent for other judges, 
may ruin other suitors for ages to come. 

** It nu^, in these days of knowledge, 
be objected, that this is an instance of the 
defticts in the system of Chancery prac- 
tice; and this olgection would bejustaa 
well founded, as one made to the princi- 
ples of our law of evidence would be, be- 
crase an ignorant solicitor, having to 
prove in London half a dozen beptismar 
f eg iste r s from Westmoreland, put his 
client Co the unnecessary cost of bringing 
to London, for that purpose, half a dozen 
Westmoreland parish-clerks, instead of 
obtaining the admission of such indispu- 
table Hurts, or proving them from extracts 
made by a single witness. 

** Mr Deiiman, it seems, discovered 
that, in the course of more timn a twenty 
years* judicial life, tlie Lord Chancellor 
had given wrong judgments, as he sup- 
posed, in two cases ; it is, however, not 
worth' while to discuss this subject in or- 
der to expose the folly and tJie fallacy of 
bis arguments ; for 1 do not believe any 
lawyer can condemn tfaeLord High Chan- 

cellor of England, because he does not 
alwajTs concur in his judgment with the 
City Common Sergeant ; and it would be 
a most lamentable thing if this could rea- 
sonably be done; for no sensible man, 
who forms his opinion of the intellects 
and attainments of these gentlemen from 
what has proceeded out of their own 
mouths, and been submitted to the pub- 
lie in print, can suppose that, in point of 
judgment, they possess many sentiments 
common to each other.* It is the general 
opinion of the profession^ that the judg- 
ments of the present Lord Chancellor 
will, above all others, in aftertimes be 
looked for by his successors to guide tlieir 
judicial decisions, and those judgments 
wilt stand for ages unshaken and , undis- 
turbed by the attacks of puny politicians. 
They are delivered with so much consi- 
deration and caution, that they will re- 
ceive that spontaneous reverence, which 
Justinian directed to be paid to his Digest 
of the Civil Law.f 

** His judgments are, indeed, a com- 
mentary on our laws ; and when he de- 
cides an important case which involves 
in it legal principles, he examines all the 
authorities, both in his own days and in 
the old times before him; and these 
judgments are usefol to the student, not 
only as decisions, but as commentaries 
on the law itsel£^ When I turn my eyes 
to the ve bulky and closely-print- 
ed volumes of Reports in which these 
judgments are recorded, and reflect, that 
not one of his decisions out of one hun- 
dred is reported, I am astonished by the 

« " I otaerr« tiie attadc on the Court of Chancery wm rerived in the House of Coromom on Thun> 
4aT« tile lOth of July, IHtit and I extract ttom " The Times" a posuge of Mr Demnan't speech, 
vneh, though it does not relate to the Court of ChancCTy, contains a useful hint or two connected with 
the late debatet on ita practice :— 

** * His opinion on Ibis subject was at least impartial because now he held, by the vote of a great 
pnbt^ body, the dty of London, those advantages which he would rather hold nrora the public than 
non any indiTidual ; hut no man could look at the manner la which his bonouralrie and learned friends, 
for Wfaiehriaea and Uneoln, <Mr Brougham and Mr J. Williams,) discharged their duty 

to their citenca, and at (he talent which they uniformly displayed, without being filled with surprise tliat 
they were not placed in the flrst ranks of their profession. The consequence of this rank b^ng with* 
Md from tftem. produced not only great inconvenience upon the northern circuit, but was a material 
drawback upon the interests of the profession t and he $houM suffer no opnortunUy to escape Mm in 
which this subject was mentioned, without expressing his opinicm upon theinjusUee which had prompt- 
ed their cxdumm.* 

t ** Nartnnn autem eoasuonmatkinem, qu» a robis Deoadnuente coraponctur, Digcstonun vel Pan- 
dcctanim nomen habere saacimus : nullis jurisperitis in posterum audentibus coraroeiitarios illi a(>pU- 
et Terbositate sua supradlcti codicls compendium oonfundere ; quemadmodum in antiquionbus 
est, cum per cooitnnaa l aie tprctan tlum sententiaB, totum jus pene conturbatum est : sed suffi> 
ciC pg indices ta n tu mm odoet tituknrum subtilitatem (qus xapaTtrXa nuncupantur) quaedam admoni« 
toria ejus facere, nullo ex iuterpietationc eorum ritio oriundo. — Prajatio D'igestotum, § 12. 

^ *' I refer my readers to the Lord Chancellor's judgment in the case of Ware v. Horwood, repotted 
as UBdarfaill t». Horwood, in 10 Vesey, R. p. S09, (and again repotftd in 14 Vesey. ^) for one amonf 
many hundred instances of the luminous view which he takes iu delivering his j uUgment in cases chief- 
ly depending on matters of fact. This was the case in which great blame was attached to the Lord 
vhaninrikw in the late debMes,, because lie had omitted to give another Judgment in ltt21 ; and it is the 
same ease to which the extraordinary letter relates, which erroneously states the death of a suitor of the 
Court of a broken heart. It may be proper to inform the reader that this cau«e, of Ware r. Horwood, 
anose out ot a cause of Comber t*. Comber; which was pre^;nant with many others, as appears trora an 
otdCT made in Wa, but to be fouod in the Register's bo»k, A. 1H21, p. 1551. and this last cau»e could 
not itself be disposed of tUi the Court had delivered the Judgments in the minor causes, which atfecled 
ttw aiBOttift of the fUndsdivlsiblein the cause of Comber «. Comber. The Coiu^t thou;;ht fit. in one stage 
of its proceedings, on aooount of delay, to place the conduct of this cause of Comber r. Comuer in the 
hands of a Mlicitor of its own appointment, and to displace the solicitor appointed by the panics 

Vol. XIV. 2D 


Tke late Whig AtUicks on tlte Lond C&mce/ic^. 


extent of hia labours ; aad I cannot turn 
to the parliamentary debates on which I 
am eommcntingy without feelings of sur- 

I wish the author had adopted some 
distinct arrangement in this able 
pamphlet. So lar as I can follow him, 
he answers the cavils about dciay in 
Chanoerv suita hy sayings 

Ist, Tnaty of the causes which appear 
on Uie books of that Court, a very great 
proportion are, in fact, no causes at 
all — that the parties have died, or that 
the solicitors, from some technical rea- 
sonsj advised them not to have the case 
erased from the list^or that the afiair 
has been simply neglected — but that, 
in short, the Chancellor cannot decide 
on nonentities. 

2dly, That of the real causes which 
appear on the rolls of the Court of 
Chancery, not above one-fifth are in 
general ready to he heard. The evi- 
dence has not been taken — the preli- 
minary steps fbver which the Court 
has no control) have not been gone 
through. The fault is with the soli- 
citors, the barristers, or the clients, 
but cannot be with the Court. 

Sdly, Whatever delay takes place in 
the subsequent stages, over which the 
Court has control, are — considering 
the quantitv of causes the Chancellor 
has to decide— astonishingly, and, itt* 
deed, incredibly small. 

The first and the third of these have 
been pretty well illustrated already^ 
The following passage will throw very 
considerable fight on the second — and 
on the third also :-~ 

" Solicitors frequently leave cases with 
Counsel for opinions, which they cannot 
get an8i\'ered for six, or even twelve 
months, after they are left; and in the 
Court of Chancery, gentlemen hi great 
practice detain papers which require great 
labour or great consideration for a similar 
length of time. It would be invidious, or 
I could name several instances in sup- 
port of the truth of this observation. 
Common cases and common drafts may 
be obtained from Kmg*a counsel or equi- 
ty draftsmen with dispatch, but those pa- 
pers which require many hours* attention 
remain for montlis untouched, because to 
begin them and not to finish would be de- 
struction to the time of a gentleman much 
employed in court, and it is seldom that 
such counsel can devote a day or two ex- 
clusively to one subject. This is an in- 
convenience severely felt by suitors aud 
solicitors ; but they are too wise, though 
they greatly lament it, to take tlieir pa- 

pers into the chambers of iofxperienced 
nten lor the sake of dispatch ; and they 
submit to this delay, to reap the advan- 
tage of the superior knowledge to be de- 
rived from the ei^erience of men of great 
professional attainments, rather than trust 
men whose chief recommendation might 
be the dispatch with which they transact 
their business. This tuct, which frequent- 
ly occurs, proves how willingly a suitor 
submits to delay, when it is likely to pro- 
duce accurate and judicious proceedings » 
and, indeed, this deUy, to which he volun- 
tarily submits on account of his oounsers 
various employments, is not at an end 
when he has got his papers from him, bat 
he must, in country causes, submit to 
great delay in arranging with his 0001-* 
missioners, who perhaps cannot attend 
for several months after they are applifsd 
ta Whenever men submit to such delay 
by choice, rather tlran incur the risk oi 
imperfect or injudicious proceedings, can 
it be expected that they would vrish for 
hasty judgments at the risk of their ac- 
curacy ; or can we justly censure a jndge» 
because, in very difficult cases, he fears 
to do wrong, and takes time to consider 
till he can devote as many hours as may 
be necessary to a full and &ir examination 
of the &cts before him, and to read and 
reconcile the various authorities that ap- 
ply to or illustrate them ? 

" It is matter of regret to a Judge, that 
decisions cannot be promptly made ; but 
it would be sinful to make them without 
due examination, and without conviction 
that, when made, they are made consist- 
ent with the law that the Judge who 
makes them is sworn to administer. The 
Lord Chancellor of England cannot eaer- 
cise too much care and caution In making 
tils decisions ; and it is better that now 
and then an individual should sustain 
great inconvenience, than that an uigust 
precedent should become established. It 
is not the Reports ak>ne to which law- 
yers refer for authorities, but to the or- 
ders and decrees of the Court, which, 
from having connected with them all the 
facts of the case, are authorities at all 
times to be found in> and cited from the 
liegister*s books, and they are entitled to 
the highest respect. No equity Judge 
can foresee the mischief that may arise 
from a bad judgment, to his own reputa> 
tion, or to the future suitors of his Court. 
It is better never to decide, tlian to de- 
cide rashly." 

The more minute changes made or 
insinuated by these prating banisters, 
against the chief living ornament of 
their profession, are all disposed of by 
this writer in a most clear and sat»s» 

J 823.;] The hUe Whig Attack* 

twctory style. One of thein was, that 
in a certain case, (Ware v. Harewood) 
the Chancellor had sent for one of the 
solicitors in the cause to his private 
room. — And what then ? 

^ The solicitor, on such occasions, at- 
tends only to answer questions, and pro- 
dace papers, and he cannot, by such an 
attendance^ in the slightest degree afifiect 
the judgment of the Lord Chancellor, 
which is founded, not on the arguments 
adduced to him, hut on the fiicts and law 
felatittg to the cause. Can. any roan sup- 
pose the Chanoell<»'s mmd is so imbecile 
or so cornipt, as to be influenced, in the 
slightest degree, by any verbal communi- 
cation, either from counsel or solicitors, 
when the papers in the cause, and the 
evidence^ are before him-r-to produce 
whidH the solicitor is sometimes ordered 
to attend? If, instead of taking tills 
course, for which the suitors cannot be 
charged anything, (the attendance being 
paid for by the foe on settling minute8,> 
the Lord Cliancellor desired the parties 
to attend in open court, the etiquette aftita 
pro/c'ssion would reqttire that the counsel^ 
who could not ^im; him the necessary infor- 
maUon» dundd receive fees, and the suUors 
would be put to Tnaru/ potauis expense, 

*• These interviews are had for no other 
purpose, than to obtain, with little trou- 
ble, information as to the former proceed- 
ings, which the solicitor, being better ac-. 
qnainted with thi^i <uiy other officer, can 
more readily refer to and produce ; and 
solicitors attend instead of other officers, 
because, by their assistance, the Lord 
Chancellor can readily satisfy his own 
mind about particular proceedings or pet- 
ty focts, and thereby, without costs to the 
parties, be enabled himself to pronounce 
a proper decree, with a great saving of la- 
bour and time." 

But the great story of all was# the 
case of Ware and Harewood. Mr Den* 
man or Mr WiUiams (for the Morning 
Cbranide and Tim^ are at varianoe 
aa to this mighty question^) had said 
in die Hoase* ot Commons what 
amounted^ most nnintentioiiallj I ctn« 
not doubt, to the repetition of a gron 
falsehood (it might not have been a de^ 
signed, but certainly it was a gross OBe) 
tcdd by one of the solicitors. This came 
in a letter to the ClianceUor^ viz. tliat 
the person on whose benefit the suit waa 
originally instituted^ had died two yean 
and a half agOj ere jwk^ent was pro- 
nounced, ''of a broken heart, occaaion^ 
ed by the distressed condition of hia 
affidrs ;** and, in particular^ by the de« 
lay of the Chancellor's judgment. Now 

on the Lord Chancellor, 


hear the facts. Nothing can be more 
admirable than the conduct of the gen- 
tleman who writes the pamphlet on 
this occasion. 

*J Th?8 assertion appeared to my mind 
sb improbable, that, being a man unen- 
cumbered by any profession or employ- 
ment, I determined to search into its 
truth; and I applied to a professional 
friend, who is generally snd deservedly 
esteemed fn the parish where the infant 
died, to make similar inquiries. The re* 
Sttit of our inquhies was the ssme ; and 
We learnt from the infant's friends, and 

BD HIM ON HIS DEATH-BED, that there 

Was not any reason to suppose his death 
was occasioned by a Chancery suit j or 
anything connected with one ; and I shall 
prove he had not any cause to grieve 
about ib Before his death he used often 
to lament that there could be no salva- 
tion, no grace, for such a sinner as him. 
self; but he did not make any unkind al- 
hision to the Court of Chancery, or to the 
noble Lord, or other Judges who preside 
there. I am in possession, through the 
information of those who knew him, of 
the particulars of the offence that grieved 
him, and greatly depressed his spirits, 
which he refused to disclose to his doc- 
tor ; but delicacy forbids my entering in- 
to the detail. This sentimental suitor, 
itepreserited to have died of a broken 
heart, occasioned by a Chancery suit, was 
a labouring gardener, and he lived with a 
person at Peckham. He was buried at 
Linfield, in the twenty-third year of his 
age, m July 1816 ; and during his infancy 
there had lieen spent for his maintenance 
and education L.466, which was paid to 
his uncle Charles, he having been allow- 
ed that sum by the report of a Master in 
Chancery, dated the 1st day of July, 1822. 
The in£uit, in his will, disposes of what, 
^ if anjfthhig" should come to him from 
the Chancery suit relating to his father's 
afiairs ; and the sum of L. 10,000, hige- 
niously made use of in the letter, seems 
to have been, as regarded this infant suit- 
or, f exclusive of what was due to his un- 
cle for maintenance,) about L. 134. Prom 
searching at Doctors* Commons, I find 
that his uncle Charles, who was adminls. 
trator to his father, administered to this 
iniknt's estate, sworn not to exceed L. 600 ; 
and out of this L.600, L.466 was due to 
this uncle, which had been expended upon 
the uifimt during his minority, he never 
having received, or been in a situation to 
receive, anything ont of Court in his life, 
time; and therdbre L.id4 was all the 
infant's mterest in the suit, miless we can 
suppose his uncle Charles to have sworn 

The late Whig Attacks on the Lord CkanceBor. 


to A false aoKmiit, on taking^ out letters 
of administration. I find, on searching at 
the proper office, that tliis infant was 
never arrested, and I cannot learn that 
he was ever known to bd in pecuniary 
difficulties. A umplefact may eatikf cw- 
found an orator, who unworthily condetcendt 
prejwikkU to other*, wUhoui mmutefy exa^ 
twining itUo their truth, 

** And now I will ask my readert what 
i» his opinion of the credit due to parlia- 
mentary motWM, and the members* a tt erU ioH 
to the/act* on which they are/ounded, even 
when those members are men who wear 
the robes of English advocates ? I dare 
not tell him mine — ^but I dare ask if it 
be necessary, after an exposure like this, 
to be at the trouble of examining the truth 
and tendency of the other statements, as 
to this cause, in these notable debates, 
some of which I kpow to be false^ and all 
^ which, it seems* proceeded from the same 
qfficeF* The above statement trium- 
phantly answers tliis sweeping and gene- 
ral interrogatory. 

" Christian charity teaches roe to be- 
lieve that this scandalous letter might be 
written in ignorance; and to write so 
heart-rending a letter to the first Judge 
in the realm, without due inquiry into the 
truth of that melancholy event which its 
contents insinuate and allude to, was cul- 
pable in no ordinary degt^ee ; but I hope 
there is not any man suiEered to exercise 
the profession of a gentleman, who, if 
conusant of the truth of the case, could 


condescend to be the author of such a 
letter, or who, if he bad done so, could 
read this statement without a blush ; * foe 
he that blushes not at Ills crime, but adds 
sharoelessness to his shame, hath no in- 
strument left to restore him to the hopes 
of virtue.' " 

Here I stq^-^-the Whig who reads 
these things and yet blushes not for 
his Brougban)^ but adds shamelesstiess 
to his shame. I certainly know of no 
instrument by which such a man cm 
be restored to the hopea of virtue. 
Your obedient servant, 

P. R. 
Edinburgh, Aug. ^, 1883. 

P. S.— Mr Denman is represented 
by the Times as having said in the 
House, that '^ he was much more 
(iToud of his own silk gown, than he 
would have been of any silk gown the 
Chancellor could have bestowed on 
him." If a lawyer has any reason to 
be proud of a silk gown at all, it must 
be on the score of its being the mark 
of his rod eminence in the law — and 
if Mr D. seriously thinks the Common 
Councilraen of London better judges, 
in regard to such a matter^ than Lord 
Eldon, he ^suredly has good reason 
to be a happy man. I wish him much 
joy of this new illustration of " Lous 
est a laudatis laudari*" 

P. R. 

* in wh«t is «Ut«d to te If r J. WllUsm's ftwcch, in the Timet of the 5Ch of June, I Had Um» vftrii : 
" All the cases he should bring forward, ana all the documents he had, were furnished bv one raigle 
ofllce;** and the learned member seems to have been peculiaxly happy In the sdeetion of nk oAoe. 


No. vin. 


On the last dumber of the Edinburgh JUvieiv, and Things in GentraL 

My Dear North, I wish you would 
excuse me. In good faith, though I 
earnestly desire to do all I cau for your 
Magazine^ yet you are hunting me oyer 
hard, when you ask me to l^ the re- 
gular periodical reviewer of the re- 
Ticws-^the mallet of the malleten. 
There is something rather saueyish 
even in the reviews themselves pre* 
tending to get through, with the aa- 
sistance d half-a-dooen hands, all the 
subjects diacusaed l^ all the intelleeta 

of England, in any given time. There 
is a kind of assumption of universal 
knowledge, which is laughable enough 
in any dilletanti pari^aphists. But 
you wish me to talce up a more^O'du- 
ous task — ^I must whip the cream off 
the whipt cream. I myself, I, not even 
sheltered by the defensive armoiiv of 
" We," roust, at your request, set my- 
self up as a sort of Encyclopedia, • 
walking, stalking dictionary, dt omni 
seibili. Six ftet four as I am, this is 


LtfUers of Timothy Tickler, Esq. No. Fill. 

rather too nradi fbr my inches. How- 
eyjsT, I shall oblke you this time^ 
though, among other causes why I 
shoiiH wish to decline giving ray opi- 
nions on the last Num^ of Mr Jef- 
frey's Review, this is a fine day, and I 
had my Joe Manton in prime order. 
Credit me, though I like the sport cri- 
tical well enough, I prefer bagging sa- 
voury moir-fowltobringingdown such 
vulture-beaked carrion as Brougham, 
or parroti, as our fiat friend, or tom-tits, 
like Jeffirev the Great, l^t vog-ue kt 
eakre / — nere I have taken pen in 
hand, and shall fall foul of Blue and 

And a foul book it is — somewhere 
about the basest eifasion in some of its 
articles which has f[>r a long time come 
ftom the fiction. Good heavens ! with 
what a difierent set of minds I am now 
grappling from those which engaged 
my attention last month ! I pin not 
my faith on the Quarterly Reviewers ; 
I acknowledge their affectations, and 
I scruple not to expose their booksell- 
ing humbug, or their occasional pueri- 
Hlies. But making every deduction 
for these qualities that the roost fas- 
tidious can think reasonable, what a 
solid fund of honourable, true, hearty 
British feeling, remains behind! I pass 
their learning, their taste, their great 
information — I speak only of their af- 
fection for the honour and glory of 
England, for her happiness at home, 
and her character abroad. My heart 
swells with delight when I hear their 
praises and their defences of the glo- 
rious institutions which have enabled 
us to lay claim to Goldsmith's compli- 
ment, which hav6 given colour to nis 
boast, of our being lords of the human 
race. But in the Northern Review, 
what do I see ? Talent occasionally, I 
admit, though, of late, very rarely dis- 
played, and never of a high or manly 
order ; but a spirit mean, malignant. 
And fiendish — sneers at all that is sa- 
cred, scoffk at all that is upright, ruf- 
fian bowlings against all that is estab- 
lished. A hungry discontent lours over 
every page — the chime of pinch-gutted 
poverty rings in your ears in every sen- 
tence. Nothing is right, because the 
scribes and patrons of the declining 
pami^let have not the managements^ 
eooooms. The plain truth is, thalfthe 
country has fought the good fight, 
trm^ed the demon of Jacobinism to 
the ground, and exttngukhed the hopes 
oi antfchy and muider— and this ooo* 


trarv to the wi^es, end in op)K)8ition 
to the croaking prophecies, of Whig- 
gery. Still more, it has weathered 
through the difficultiesunavoidably in- 
cidental to thegiganticcontest in which 
we were engaged, and prosperity, in the 
shape of diminished taxation, surplus 
revenues, cheap provisions, increasing 
eommerce, diffused comforts and lux- 
uries, and, to crown all, a contented 
populace, gladdens our eyes on every 
hand. This, too, rankles in the hearts 
of the Whigs. They prophesied misery 
—so far did they resemble Cassandra — 
but, unlike the prophetess, the misery 
they^ called for has not come. Hence the 
national exultation is their sorrow ;—* 
they are in mourning when we are in 
joy. Long may they so continue ! It 
is no wonder, therefore, if everything 
they write is tinj^ed and tainted with 
ihia unhappy feeling ; it is no wonder 
that they loathe the soldier who won 
his country's victories, the sailor who 
brushed her enemies from the deep, 
and the statesmen who directed her 
energies during danger and difficulty ; 
it is no wonder that, in the writhiugs 
of their woe, they curse the very sun 
for ripening our harvests, and the winds 
of heaven for wafting riches to our 
shores. Whig feeling at present ap* 
pears to be something similar to that 
which dictated the wish of a wretched 
Radical fieeing to America, some poor 
creature, embittered by the demoniac 
writings of those whom Mr Hume 
calls in Parliament the most moral men 
in the empire — " May every curse,'' 
said the unhappy, man, as he stood 
upon the deck, to take a last view of 
the white dififa of the country of his 
birth— '^ may every curse wnich all 
the sects of England can devise, with 
their utmost Ingenuity, fall in tenf^ 
bitterness on the acctused land which 
I am leaving 1" There is not a Whig 
in the Island who is not ready to re* 
^lond. Amen ! 

Were I disposed to jest, I should 
attribute this uncomfortable sensation 
to the empty state of the stomach, the 
grumUing of the lower guts, fbr the 
unfortunate devils have been long 
hankering in vain after the fiesh-pots 
of Kgypt. But it is in tiruth no jest- 
ing matter. What Doctor Johnson, in 
his beautiful tribute to the memory <tf 
Gilbert Walmesly, so truly and ex-* 
pressively called ** the vinuenoe and 
malevolence of the Whig party," ap- 
pears to me to have become more rabid 

21« LeUtr* of TimoAy Tiektir, Esq. Nc. VUL ZAja%. 

and aenmonioui of late— happily^ I until my dcmbt ia re&idved by compe- 
iQay w\&, iioweYer^ more poweiiM-*-* tent autnority, I shall not interiere in 
Imt yet there it many a Gamine among tlie matter." I would be glad to know 
them, wbodeaenrea the doae and ear-* if this be not common eense. But it 
neat attention of thoae who are zinged is urged, that he ia doing that whidi 
and banded in defence of the oonatitu«* be ought to prevent—that neia spread- 
timi of the eauotry. — But I am keep* ing the aale of iqjvirioaa works-— that 
ing too long away from the coasidei»4 he is allowing a rogae to plead on his 
tion of thia individtial Number of the own mong, Ac &<% Now this is 
Edinburgh, while. I am dilating cm Aeer, laaoilly cant, and nothing else 
the gencnl tendency of otf its Num« -^-iiartly the low cant of low hm, 
ben. shirking «id shifting on technical 
We hate then, to set out with, quibble8> and partly tne cant <tf weak 
a paper four«and-thirty pa^ thick, morality'— both equally contemptible, 
lamctating over the decisions of the The Chanorilor is no criminal judee. 
Lord Chnioellor in cases of in&mouB With the punishment of such books 
books when pirated. On thia mj opi« he has nothing to d« ; dtber officers 
nion has been long made up, and It was have to look to that; and his plain 
fUlly expressed in your Magasine> in and clear line of duty points out to 
reply to a something similar article in him, that he must not protect workr 
tb« Quarterly of last year. This of unworthy of protection. But here the 
the Edinburgh is not so canting as ittpnious special Reading hack of the 
that in its rival Review, but just as original publisher of the filUi comes 
shallow and sophistical, when looked in with an argument, whidi I should 
at with the eye of common sense. The suppoae is deemed quite unanswerable, 
two Reviewers had in fact different for it is urged at least fifty times in 
cards to iday. He of the South want* this article^ — '^ Why are not the books 
ed to sc^ Murray's bad books — the pnwed to be bad by the competent au- 
Northem had only for his olneot to thorities ? or, untu so proved, presu- 
abuse the Lord Chancellor. This ar- med to be innocent ?" On the conduct 
tide is written with all the bard ham« of the competent authorities, I shall 
neringtedinicalityof ahiredpleadtf> speak by and by — ^but here, I must 
and encumbered with all the pedantie say, that this, on the part of the pub* 
sweeping of the lower courts. It ia Usher, is the most impudent of argn- 
alao most scientific in its distribution, menls. Here is a question <ji poper-^ 
helping you to firstly, secondly, third- ty,*— Mr A has invaded what bel^ig« 
ly, lastly, and to condude, m every to Mr B, and the law haa pointed out 
second page. I pass by the historical to Mr A what is his remecly. An ae- 
rubhish, which serves as bakam fnt tion ia open to him, by wmdi he can 
the introduction, and which any soli* deprive tne pirate of the boolka he has 
citor's boy might have furnished at printed. The reviewer has quoted the 
aixpenoe a page of brief paper, and very act» authorizing^ the piMeeeding, 
duJl say a few words on die redl in p. 968. From motives of eonvenUi 
merits of the question, which may be emce, however, he pre&rs dmming the 
discussed pro and. con in almost m assistance ofChaneery; he must, there- 
many sentenoea as thia rdentfesn ibre> submit to hove the nature of hSs 
scirilwler has wasted pages. . Let ui , property decided by the single breast 
look at die afikk as it practically of the Chancery juc^. That breast 
stands. A bookseller publishes au^im- may be in error—it is the common lot 
pioper work, which is immediatdy pi- of humanity,' (though in the cases corn* 
rated by some unprincipled ieUow, m plained of thm Aof been no enor,) bat 
I oertamly shall not say anything in there exists a method by whidi die 
fiiVDur.of the morality of the Benbow complainant may appear widi a direct 
lUMlDngdaleBchooL On this he applies certainty of removing«ny doubt whidi 
to die Chancellor, to interfere to mrot may arise in the Chancellor's mind— * 
teethispropertybyii^uncdon,andths I allude to the very simple plan of 
Chanoellor refuiMS, on the ground that coming into his court fortified by the 
no man canhave property in a nuisance, mudi panegyrised veirdict of a jury in 
<' Shew me," savs my Lord EldoUi has favour. He omits to do this, and the 
*^ that your boolt is entided to my very omission brings him tewaid an a 
protection, and it shall have it. / raapidous chamcter. Let Mr Murray 
think that it is not so entitled, and, pOBsecute Mr BeAaw, g9t hk pcnnx 

1II83.D IMdrs 4^ Tin^o&j^ TkUtr^ Bt^ iVo. FUI. SOS 

n riwirtdainagBt»eoiifigeft|gtbepiniied pdndfiks^f ^ kwof fing^sBd,^ 

ODpie^ and then^ when he has ohtained came Be }pB. not protect tli^ property 

coBunon-Jaw rerenge agtdnst hb bro« of lewd, ineligiousy blasphemous li<- 

ther bookseller, when theordinary ju«* bela-^because^ in their own words, he 

riadiftion has pronounced him possess* does that the efiect of which is to sn£- 

ed of defensible property, come into fer '* a Hone, or a fienbow^ to be ar^ 

the court of finali^ipeal to demand its rayed in the spofls of a Moore and a 

extraordinary piotecticm against all pi* Byron V* 

rates whatever* But Mr Murray w^ . Not being an EngliA lawyer, I do 

Inowa, that no twelve men, (m thelr^ not mean to enter the lists wiUi Mr 

oaths,' would declare Don Juan any- Broug^ism as to the tedinicaJitiea of 

thing but a nuisance, and thereloro his trad& But I shall just mentioa 

Tcry wiael^ keepa away from their de-* in a sing^ sentence, why I conceiTe 

ekion. It is fimnd much easier to get the whole of theargumentin this writ- 

hack-fellowB about Albemarle Street ten pleading of his to be founded on 

to sully the Quarteriy with stuff abn- a palpaUe fallacy, ne argument, 

ling the ChancdJor, whidi, out of ha^ the only thing that can aspire to tho^ 

tred to Lord EIood, is echoed by name of an argument, is— that ii^junc^ 

Brougham from the Mount of Pnoda* tieos are grained, in cases of fjoienis, 

Badon. bcfbpe ^bm property of the patent is 

In truth, the whole article is evident^ ascertained in a court of law; and 

ly enough the product of the same feeU that, thnefbre, injunctions diould at 

mgs iriiidi hare of late in^ired that once be granted in the case of books^ 

gentleman, and some other oarristerB leaving the question of property, or 

of infMor ability, to so many exeiw not property, to be aubeequently dis* 

tions of a similar tendency. The Chan<# cussed m a court of law, and settled 

edlor is, vrithout doubt, the greatest by the voice of a jury. Now, I just 

lawyer now in the world— he is, even ask, is this the course that has been 

the Whigs admit, as ujaight a judge adopted, or that would be adopted, in 

as ever adorned the Bench of England regard to e patent poimm? If so, then 

— he is a Tory — ^he is a-member of a Lord £ldon is wrong; if not so, he is 

Tory Administration — he stands, both ri^t ; and Lawyer Brougham's thirty- 

in his judicial and in his ministerial pages have been deady paid for, if he 

capacity, as high as any man can do : got ten guineas a-dieet for them. 

What vronder, then, that • bis name As for die other attempt at an ar- 

duNdd be gall, and his gk>ry worm^ gnment, viz.—'' Chancellors, in for- 

wood, to the Whigs? They look at mer days, protected by their injuac- 

Lord Ersldne, and they — yes, eveii tions the jsroperty of Pope's Dunciad, 

they — ^hish. They cannot away with Swift's Miscellanies,* &c. &c ; there-* 

this tmapproachea and unquestiotted fore the present Chancellor should also 

eminence. They cannot endure thti protect oie pr^rty of Cain, and Don 

nectadeof this Tory greatness, and Juan, and Tommy Little:" — As for 

they abuse the man ! It is all as it this, I confess, I make very little of it. 

should be. Were fortmer ChaneeUore^ in the habit. 

The Mosning Chronide openly and of granting u^nctioru to protect books, 

boldly attecks the Chancellor for not Me kbellws tettdenof of which toae 

ghring Mr Henry Brougham a silk-* known to, or laid before them f This 

l^own. This topic is not touched upon is the real and the only question, 

m the Edinburgh Review ; but the '* Is it hot iBtderable, however," 

Edinbui^ Review, immediately after say the Anti-CanceUarii, ^^ that you 

the appearance of the series of papers should sui^ works, which you your- 

mm this topic, pul& the Morning selves declaim against a^inumous, to 

Cnronide as the roost " liberal and be dreulated with the most unre* 

deooaous" of journals ; and inserts an strained freedinn?" This, I own, is 

article, the object of wliieh is to con- the practical question ; but the Cfaan- 

vmce the world, that the Chancellor oelkn: has nothing whatever to do with 

is profoundly ignorant of the first it. Here his Majesty's Attorney- Ge- 

By the way, the reader will be amused with finding the assertion, that the Dun- 
was " one series of libels,** in the s&me number with all these fine diatribefi 
sboat the novel origin of libdlmg. But let that pass. 


Ldiers of TVoMrff^ TiAkr,fi9q. . No. VUh 


neral stflpB in, and w* moat Mk him 
t9 justify his oonducty u he can most < 
easilv do. How lejoiced wonld be the 
WhigBy if they ooiud damour him into ' 
oommttieing a cruiada against the 
press f WiMly, most wisely^ does he 
twep from it> being tou^t by the re^*, 
salt of the cases against Hone, that, 
an appesnmce of penecntion suffices 
to sell trash the most stupid, bhsphe*** 
moos, and iU-dntended, and io supply 
ti^ efeiv-watchfiiL enemies of miuisn . 
ters with sounding oommon-^places Ju 
defence of iht liberfy of. the pretSp. 
which, after all, diese noisy dedaim-. 
e^ trraiUe before and detest I am 
rejoiced at this determinaibn of our 
nuers. Never, never was I afraid of 
ofir being able to defeat the foes of 
religion and order at their own weap- 
poos— >>of being fuUy powerftd enough 
to put them down by the pen; and. 
accordingly / n^er shall call for the 
arm of power to aid us. As I have of<* 
ten said before, give us a dear stage— 
let us expose the Mlacy of the argu^ 
ments, the villainy of toe writers, the 
stupidity of the compositions, the pro- 
fligacy (u the lives of the libercUes, and 
I warrant, that no man worth retain-, 
ing will fail to be shocked by the hi- 
deoosness of the picture, or will. hesi- 
tate to depart from their banness. See 
what we onrsdves have done for the 
Cockneyfr-*fiee what, I am sorry to 
say, Lord Byron is doing £6r hinMdf> 
and pluck up your heart, comforting 
it vrith the assurance, that merry ^Id 
England, is not yet destined to be 
yielded to the dominion of the devil. 

The real effect of the ChanceUor's 
dccreesi is, as this Reviewer well 
knows, to keep out of the raaiket books 
of clever wickedneas. Most truly does 
he say, (p. 305,) <' Fame is good as 
garnish, out something more is re-* 

auired." Soiry should I be indeed to 
liink that money is the sole stimu« 
last <of genius, or to imagine for a mo- 
ment that Paradise Lost, or. Hamlet, 
ay, or Childa Harold, was called into 
lieing by an^ such paltrv considers** 
lioii. But I do think, tuat, when a 
man's mind becomes so debauched as 
to compose, in cold blood, corrupting 
and unmanly works, gain is a greater 
stimulant than any wretchea fame 
vrhicb they may confer ; and that the 
example of a highly paid and success- 
ful profligate of genius must operate 
as an encouragement on the mercenary 
crew, who are always ready to enlist 

their pBoaiaanf.oaoie.^ die oonw 

bidder. Now, 


mand of the 

8ir,when wealthvlxxikselleniarefiight- 
ened away, by the certainty that such 
property is incapable of beingprotect- 
ed, tliis ungpdly source of traiOBc is cut 
oC Murray gave L.IOOO for the first 
two cantos of Don Juan*-if Hunt gave. 
L.100 for the three last, it is aa much 
as he ODuld have afibrded. This is of 
itself a consununation devoutly to be 
wished. Let us not be aftaia, that 
the little possible extra damage done 
to public morals by the increased dif- 
fiisiou of the one, two, or three pirated 
works, will counterbahmce the good 
done bv the establis|mient of the great 
principle. Besides, 1 doubt the fad 
of the great increase of the difiu- 
sion. Two and two in trade as oftett 
make one aa they make lour. In the 
hands of a rich, powerful, and fstshion- 
aUe bookseller, five or six editiona 
would be put off am<mg the trade or 
the gentry, by his exertions and thoso 
of his friends ; while the pirate, who 
prints but for the canaille, depends 
only on the first burst of feverish .cu-« 
riosity, which is soon coded, when the 
rabble find that the books pirated are 
not destined for thdr palates Such 
has been notorioudy the case with the 
Don ; but, at all events, the, cxy hx 
behalf of [mblic morals comes adinara- 
bly from the publiahers of hooks to 
which they are ashamed to put their 
names, and from writers in the £din« 
burgh. Review. . Of one thing. I caa 
venture to assure these persons, thst 
the way in which these works como 
before the public neutralizes them very 
much. Tney are graced neither bv 
the persecution of the great, or the puu 
fery of the cultivated. Nay, the very 
apathy and indifibrence of the head of 
the ministry deprives them of mudi 
factitious piquancy. The cool con- 
tempt with which Lord Eldon per- 
mits the circulation of poems libcuing 
his government, and decrying the sys- 
tem of which he is one of the most 
able supports, communicates itself in- 
sensibly- to their ri^aders, and tliey, 
who would have looked on them as 
most diicisive knockdown blows to his 
authority, if he had let loose the At- 
tomey^Generol against them, now con- 
sider them as mere bagatelles, which 
ministers are very right in not miud- 
Has any one ventured to say a word in 

favour of the individual hook damouc- 


Wfttt found Cwf suHf ond (hot it hod wtijintt 
comen, Whai w(nMhiwe btm Sir f%»mab 

CPeWW U l rlBO i CmWCCTfTl vf JtmtKr fUneV ff 

CO idMiit? Hdt ^tk^ f^eCtt Fhidair 
WIS a rerjfknaHf blackgtdtrd, but ttfll 
A Tery firettf butckgoard. Soatbey's 
Wat Tyler was cushioired by biiDself, 
and only bnrogbt to light by most un- 
graCeftil flcoandreHsm. Don Joan was 
owned neither by author nor publisher. 
Lawrence, Cfemblhig and Urerstrucky 

recalled his filthy physiology, and PT"^: natmikitaHdktg the Family E^ 
made a craren amende for having in- ^^» tiUtt) a pnkibkod hocL 

canttoudy authorised its publication. 
Are these cases on which we are to 
impugn die conduct of a great const!* 
tutional judge? I doubt it. In a 

Now rentivy if Mr Broiu;faam is se- 
riottt here> he must be £cllninff in 
understaading. Doesnot Mr Brougham 
know, ^t, within these hundred 

Irord, ki9 conduct has kept a flood of' fOiiiS certain people, called wizardi 

imjwvp er books Jrom the market, with-- 
tmt recurring to ike unpopular method 
(f prosecution, and has neutraHzed the 
power of those which have already crept 
m. Until this fiict is overthrown, let 
Aem rail at the Lord ChanceDof with 
impotent Any. His character I shall 
not stoop to defend iVom such folks 
as Brougham or Demnan ; but, Mr 
Editor, you ought to give us a separate 
paper on him, whom I shall ever con- 

and wUeha, were everv day tried and 
convicted to the death by free and 
tmbiassed juries, all over England and 
and Scotland? Does he venture to 
doubt, that the judges were convinced 
of the absurdity of the verdicts in 
these cases long before the juries? 
Not he. Neither does he doubt, I 
am Sure he has too much sense to 
doubt, that a ft'ee and unbiassed Jury 
of worthy Italian farmers and crafts- 

lider, when regarded in all points of men of the fifteenth or sixteenth cen- 

view, as the gkeatest of oua Chan- 
ciLLoaa.* Excelled he may be by 
tome of his predecessors in different 
detadied accomplishments ; but, view- 
hig him in all particulars, I hesitate 
not to repeat my assertion. 

There is an isolated passage in 
diia Review, on which I must be per- 
ndcted to say a single word. Mr 
Brougham, in the course of ridiculing 
the aelection of a Lord Chancellor to 
decide questions of a literary nature, 
i&d enforcing the propriety of sendihg 
iH sodi delicate questions to a jniy, 
has these words : — 

: ** hook at the opinioas now received 
ud eoaaeerited, as amoeg the greatest 
Mfssingi which nafural reason has given 
to mankind ; aee their original fiithers 
stsi sMtrton remunerated t^^ the prison 
aad the block ; ask whether their names 
could have been banded do^rn to us, for 
our shame almost as much as our glory, 
kmd mjree and unbiassed Jury passed httween 
(kern and their eminiry, or rather them and 
Ar kmnan race* Conceive a jury bringing 
n a verdict tfgudty agjidnst Galileo ; though 
we dare se^ he umu a very sincere and honest 
(htdistat, wko sent to gaol, and bread and 

tury, wouldhave regarded Galileo with 
at least as much horror as the Cardi- 
nal. He does not seriously doubt that 
Sir Thomas More's criticism was ro- 
iher more likely to be liberal thati 
that of any twelve free and unbiassed 
cheesemongers of Portsoken tempore 
ffenrici Octavi — and if he knows any- 
thing of Scotland, he must know, that, 
at this very day, it would be no dUffl- 
cult matter to convince many a goo4 
ft^ and unbiassed Presbyterian jury 
Of ruling elders to in^ct the utmost 
penalties the law might put in their 
hands upon the author of the first 
scene in Othello. In short, t cannot 
bring myself to ar^e seriously upon 
such a subject with a person of M)( 
Brougham's accotnplishmenta^ He 
cannot be sincere when he says, that a 
kndt of London tMdesmen would be 
fhter than Lord Eldon to determine 
que^ons of this kind. A jury, tf it 
be what it pretends to be, is chosen 
firom the people ; and to say that the 
people are not, more than the first 
men and greatest geniuses in the land, 
subject to the influehce of silly pr^u- 
dice as to audi matters as books — this 

• Long may it be before we write the article which tickler calls for ! As long as 
Int lordship is in power, we shall refrain from expressing all our feeling towards him- 
^ffhtxi be retires, and ^e voice of truth cannot be mistaken for the lispings of aduUU 
tioa, we shall comply with Tirooth7*s request— C N. 

Vol. XIV. « E 

LetitrsrfTkimih^ TickUr, £sg* No. Vlil. 

k leal^^ a proposltiaii which I .^ 
lainly io not imagine it poisible for 
any mad, in ScoUtfid at Ifiast, to hold 
iq> hia £m» to^-T**- 
• There ia an inunenaity of mi^pella* 
neona akinnishing in theartide^ bald- 
ly worth attention ;* Imt I ehall, to 
wind up the a&ir nohly> extract one 
admiiame light or ahadow (caU it aa 
you pleaae) of Whiggery. 

'* The court and the pirate play into 
each other's bands. Now, suppose the 

SiTernment, of which the Lord Chancel- 
r is a BDember, were widced or vindio- 
tive enough to seek the ruin of an authof^ 
to insult his feelings, and stain his repo- 
lation, a pirate need only be set to woric» 
and the equitable waste is completed. A 
door is at once opened to all the abases 
and collusions for the basest of private 

The man who wrote this must be 
" in ruffian Whiggery thrice dyed ;" 
ao baae a notion never could find plaoe 
in a Tory bosom. But thia employ- 
ment of government power is ouite 
conaiatent with the practice of tnoae 
who, in 1806, put a Chief Justice in- 
to the Cabinet, there to decide on state 
prosecutiona, which he waa afterwarda 
to try as judge: — and who made the 
Auditor of the Exchequer First Lord 
of the Treaaury, — thua to be a check 
upon his own accounta. No wonder 
tnat any corruption of justice should 
occur to such minds aa a regular and 
ordinary engine of state policy. 

It must have gratified Mr Brougham 
▼ery much to see that all this laboured 
article went for nothhig, when, within 
ten days of its appearance, ihe case of 
Dugdale against Bjrron came to be 
heard and determined. It must have 
mtified him particularly to observe 
that even Lord Byron'a counael did not 


▼entore to hamm a aii)|^ argument 
from this grand Essay, v^chnad all 
the look of being got up on purpose for 
thia very occasion* 

; The article on Sir William GeQ ia 
amusing to me. It amuses me very 
richly to see the Edinburgh Reviewena 
maintaining the cause m the Grreeks 
st^ly or chieflif on the ground of our 
common Cluistianity. Thia amuses 
me, and must amuse evenrbody. Juat 
imagine the af^pearance of isuch an ar- 
gument ten years ago within the blue 
and yellow covers I Such wonders, O 
Christopher, has your hand accom- 
plished^ As for the Greeks, I oonfesa 
that I am for them at least as warmly 
as the Edinbursb Reviewers can he. 
As for this article, all I shall say more 
of it, is, that its imbecility and puerile 
tone have a tendency to make one 
think with rather less shame of the 
abortion on the same subject in the 
last Quarterly ; which last, by the 
way, ia now generally understood to 
have been a contribution of Lord £r- 
akine ! — Lord Erskine contributing to 
the Quarterly! This, indeed, may 
make quiet people stare I 

The artide on Mr Rae Wilson's 
travels, is one the writer of whidi 
evidently works in a muzzle. The 
book is truly an absurd one, and be 
need not have feared to take his lau^^ 
out heartily. Mr Wilson, howerer^ 
ia a most benevolent and phiIanthro|nc 
person ; and I am well pleased that 
drcumstanoes have conspired to q»are 
his bacon. 

Of Leonard Homer'slong and would- 
be- witty production on Geology, 1 bc^ 
leave to make no inention. I dare aay 
Mr Bouc is as great a charlatan aa the 
Review aaya ; Mit aa tp M. Nkcker bk 
Sau88dbe, I must just hint my sua- 

, * We beg leave to supply a chanusteiistic trait of Brougham. Scholar and beg- 
gar, he tells us, (page 305^) after Adam Smith; are synonymous. However that might 
have been in the iifs of the great economist, it will hardly hold true now. To aay 
nothing of bnrsdves, or the C^eat Unknown, or Sir Humphrey Davy, or some dozen 
others, who are coining money, why did not B. look at the veiy names at the head 
of his artide ? Dr Wdcot, or Dr Southey, or Dr Lawrence^ or Dr Byron, (we beg 
pardon. Lord Byron) cannot come under any of the mendidty regplations. Sir R. 
Wilson, to be sure, is an author, but it was not his writings that have brought him 

to the state you see 

<* The CMkto of Vigo and of beggary.'* 

Buttfae Queen's leading eomad reverted to his own writings and, perfectly con- 
•dous that, if he had stuck to composing such valuable concerns as JSssaya on Co- 
Jonial Policy— Brougham's magnum opii«--he would have had abundant claim to the 
title otbeggatt whatever right he might or might not have had to that of adloAm— 
C N. 

ItaS.;] Letiert of Timothy TuMer, E^. M. VIIL 91f 

^don^ that he might have ftred very hhD, after all^ ati honest 8ort of IHtle 

oiffiireBdy, had his hook not contained ftilow — I gave him credit for heing as 

oflfences more serious in the eyes of fairinhis way as the different cbrcam- 

his reviewers^ than any mere geologi- stances of bis natnnd turn of mind and 

ctl hhxnders. M. Necker's book is far temper^ his limited and imperfect edu- 

flrom being a mere geological afiktr. cation, and his unfortunate situatien 

He describes the scenerv, the man- in regard to company and occupations, 

ners, the society, and, above all, the could well permit. — ^This was my feel- 

Bterary society of Scotland. He was ing in regard to Mr Jeffircy as EkMtor 

here and wrote his book at the time of the Edinburgh Review — ^for, of 

when the ** JefiHsii, Brogarai, et alii course, I am not speaking, nor about 

librariorum vems,^ were in their ze- to speak, of him in any otber capacity, 

nith of glory ; and, wonderftil to say, Sudi, I say, were my notions of him 

be never mentions one of the whole quA Editor of the Buff and Blue. — I 

set Could they have been hurt by say all this, to prevent mistakes among . 

dus omission, which, consideritig M. your readers. As for you, you are quite 

Kedcer's odious notices of certain well aware what my feelmgs used to 

Tory authors, is certainly rather are- be. 

markable feature in the book ? Even you^ however, will scarcely be 

I come now to what you have pro- i^ guess what my feelings now are. 

hibly been looking for. It woida be I confess I am sorry to announce a foet 

consummate affectation in me to deny which will give ptdn ev^ to you. I 

that ray sensations in reading the arti- cannot look on the appearance of this 

de, " on the Periodical Press," were, article as anything less or more than 

on the whole, of a most pleasurable cha- the death-wartam of Mr JeA«y'aedi* ' 

racter. I shall not indeed deny, that torial reputation. It is really a sad 

ooce or twice in the course of the pe- thing to stand by and see a man dang* 

nxsal, I felt a certain dep'ee of pain. Kng in a noose of his own fastening. 

It was impossible it should be other- But such really is JeffVe/s case. He 

wise, considering that I once had a very is gone— dished— dead— -utterly d^ 

considerable esteem for Mr JefiVey — I fnnct. We have witnessed the last 

don't mean to say any very consider- spasm. There is nothing for it now 

able admiration for his literary talents but to 1^ the body on the table, and 

— that I don't pretenti to say — ^but a bring out the neeesHiaiy instruments of 

considerable esteem for his Editorial dissection. 

tact. I say it would have been very But, no. My dear sir, I shall spare 

odd, if any man who had ever consi- you the trouble ef a long and formal 

dered this Editor as entitled to respect cutting up of this unfortunate victim, 

of any kind, or on any score, could have I shall merely lay open the ridn here 

read that article without something of and there, and shew you a few of the 

occasional pain. I admit that this was prime pointed Give me your eyes, then, 

my case. I did feel pain now and then land Christopher. — But to dn^ our 

from the sight of such sore degradation meCanhors — 

in a person for whom I once entertain- Who wrote this article ? This is the 

ed something like respect and esteem ; first question that will naturally ooour 

or, if these be too strong and high to you, and to every one. I have made 

terms> at least let me say, something some httle inquiry, and the result is 

Bke a d^;ree of kindliness and affeo- considerable — very considerable— oon- 

tion. I always considered Mr JeffVey as firmation of what my own first imprea- 

aman ofsharp but very limited faculties, sfons suggested to me; via.thatthe pro- 

I always laughed at the notion of his dnction belongs to nobody but the gal- 

being a critic, either in politics or in li- lant of Southampton-Row, Holbom— 
terature; but I thought him, (I shall " " the modem Pvgmelion" himself— 

fivikly confess the truth,) a capital yes, no other mother's son but Mr Wil- 

Editor, as Editors go — I thought were Ham HazHtt, author of the Libir Anio* 

was something like a proper feeling sa rut/ 

to some things, which I need not par- That he wrote the article as it standa 

dcularize here, mixed up with all his in ^e Edinburgh Review, I am not 

vanity^ folly, and blindness ; and as such a ninny as to imagine fer a sin^ 

one may have a love fer one's spaniel moment He (or some of his crew in 
in spite of his impudence, so I had an 'London, acting under his control and' 

afiection for Mr Jeffrey. I thought dictation) wrote an article *^ on the pe^ 

f Critic* uid tba 
[ Um ptckot 

M rootDb The 
luivenal dMgoit wu loo atnmc, riridL 
wd ebnllieDt. The sbtne of luTing 
■WD hiiPi'^if iDfiiitiQiMd in ptiiU m a 
KkiKMi) uid booa comiMoioi) of uuh 
■B kninul M ihe wdior of that odioi* 
■nd lokiliaoiM pwoe <rf lewilDcw »ai 
piofligM^, WM a fcelinetbat had not 
jtt aul time to «ool. Tbc ideft that 
nch a penon, w that aor of his Cook- 
nor ^*'>> •'m>^ still coDliiaue to write 
fbribeEdinburgh Review, wua thing 
ftoBi whiok tke miad oC the editor te- 
volted. How ■hall I taSa it to bo 
bMwn Ifait I tolaatesuchcoa^nton, 
aad Tttezpeet thatoor foracr ftieoda 

Ilia wa* too queatum 

ji waa the cold anala 

tbktdiot ihtoi^ the heart and the 
lives of our Editor. 

B«lwhatHa*t«bedone? Thomo- 
dan Pygmalioa knew auch and mcb 
tkiagB---tba author of th« Liber Amo- 
rweowld do aaoh and tacit thinga — 
What vta to reatraiB the antbor of the 
Ubrr Aiaori* 9 — Mi JeSiaj waa in a 
pitiable atata at tkat monenl. Hebe- 
aitaled long-^ie pondoed deeply— be 
atiired the ahallow pool of hia reflac- 
tiaB,nBlil it waa a tine pttddlfr-aod 
he ended with dioaainff that which, in 
the tbcu perturbed and jumblad Uate 
oCall hia Acultiea, aeemed on the whole 
to be bj one bur'a-breadth, and no 
moR, toe lave* of the twa erila. He 
took wlut ieented to be the aborter 
bwn of tUe unhapf v dikmma ; bnt 
ahmt aait aeeme^it Baa pn>red<|«ite 
BoSdMii to traaiAx him to th« back- 
baoB, and bold kin out aiair object of 
Aeaaoatdeliberaiedoriaion. When he 
laid hb ihiinking and wareriiis band 
m it, he more thui auapedad what waa 
ts be the reault — be now feda it and 
be will not apaadtly gat rid of that fael- 
in^^^he more i* me pitj. 

I do pitj Mri^tej iodindnaliy— 
l*a certain extent ; and yet InuatoDoe 
more repeat, that, on the whole, 1 wit- 
naaa thti ooniinamalion with feeHnga 
«f inieinal benignilr, and a 4eep av> 
nih' at Mbfkctton. That the Edhor 
ia aiahed, I aee ; and I am tony fw it. 
Bni the Edinbiffgh Boview ia ruincA - 
laceUai.-andlnttaica Yea,thop«at 

grao*. Dtbdlart lapa'bat waa evav 
vonr motto. Xhr Blue and Yellow had 
KU^ ccaaed to be your game. Yotu 
Chnttopher, tamed the party-colomed 
b e ai t of j)iey in hia »trength — you broke 
him in hia rigour — we 2i pitied turn in 
bia decline. — You were the judge wba 
Oied and oondenned. Itwaaaflt thing 
4iat auch a peaon aa the author of tho 
Zi>6*p^>Mr>f ahould be found to do the 
one amall and dirty office that juatioo 
required, after tbeae preliminviea had 
bean duly gone through. He bat dooa 
bta work welL He hu pulled out th* 
one nnaUpiD that custajned that trem- 
bliogleaf — the drop hai fallen — thatdd 
and hardened o&oder bat at laat paid 
the debt. 

To di(^ the metaphor and apeak 
reaaonably, there waa juit one little bit 
of ^Mf^ which atiUadbered to the old, 
and battered nmutation of the Blue and 
BuffHeriewv That Cockoeya were oc-. 
caaionally allowed to write pufi* of each 
other iuthework.wasknown ;but still 
theae were kept tu in the bock ground. 
Their articilei being all about then- 
aelve^ their little poema, and eaaajr^ 
and lectoies, and ao forth, were, of 
courae, on moat trlrial an^ecta, and 
niadenoaortofitnpreasioaoa the pub- 
lic mind ; they were r^arded aa the 
racaest Balaam : and. alUough pe<»dcv 
reuembaing what the Edinhnrg^ h»> 
riew had oBoe been, and the tone it had 
once aaatained, were a little rexed to 
aee it reduced ao fu as to eeek eren ita 
Balaam from ntciLquartera — adH it waa 
hut the Balaam — ever; book nost have 
Balaam — auil nobody took the trouble 
to be either very sorry or very aiujr* 
about what the BaUaai of the ££»• 
bun^ Review wa*, or by whom it might 

But, now, what boa happened ?-— 
Our aolitary bit of prvilye oaa indeed 
vauiahed. Whatdoweaeenow? Why, 
we aae Mr Stflrej obliged to allow lua 
Balaamitei, hi* Helots, hi* Codmeya, 
to write the flnt article that ever the 
Edinbu^h Review contained on per- 
bap* the moat important, and certain- 
ly the moat delicate ml^ect, that erer 
that Review bad the miafitrtune to 
saddle ndth-~.«n the Periodical Real 
of Butain U ! He baa auieved tfeeoa 
paoata to {iroduce boldly, under the 
ahener of bia bloa and ydlow conn, n 
ragnlu eaay—the aola and ririUe »£•. 

ft^of fi^ikfa, is to idtoti^ tlie Bdia^ 
bmgli Review with all that mtm of 
km, periodical. Cockney aboiniDatio& 
•v-in the standing aloof from which-* 
k the notion of its bein^ altogether 
abore that ^ere— in the idea that, in 
ipbe of occaisimial bjr-Jobs, the Edin-* 
JMurgh Reriew, on tha whole, and as a 
work, stood quite out of the way, and 
^t at the reach, of such gentry — the 
nie sunriring fragment oi prestige still 
adhering to the reputation of this Re- 
view was universally considered as 

. MrJefieyhassunksolowastosuf*- 
fier this thing to be done. He was sorry, 
vexed, grieved, ashamed— «11 that is 
ime ; bat he was so tied up, and ham- 
pered, and £ettered*-he found himself 
m a aitaatuMi of such absolute imbed- 
Hty and helplessness — that he could 
not prevent the Cockneys from dew- 
ing the whole world that th^ were able 
to make a cat's-paw of him and his Re- 
view^that they were able to make his 
Review open its mouth, and speak oo 
a subject of .which he had, for nearly 
the quarter of a century, carefully ana 
pmdently eschewed the least mention 
—« soliiiect from which he had always 
shrunk-^which he and his old fnends 
had never ventured to come within 
miles of; — he has sufiered WiUiam 
Haalitt, author of the Liber Amoris, 
an Mi newspaper*monger*— a gentle- 
man of the pr^ that has lived all his 
days by scribbUng dramatic criticisms, 
and leading paragraphs, and so forth, 
ftr the di&rent London newspapers 
and magaxinea; — he has suffered this 
low, vulgar, impudent gentleman of 
the press — the writer of that filthy 
hook, which, but for its dulness, 
and the obscurity of its author, must 
kmg ere now have been burnt by " the 
handaof the common hangman ;" — ^he 
has sttfiered this despicable member of 
the Cockney School to write an Essay 
m the Edinbnr^ Review on ^* the Pe- 
riodical Press of Britain." Francis 
JtSnj has been obliged to swaUow 
this hitter pilL 

This one fact is enough. I mig^t 
stop here-- when I have just stated the 
thing— when I have just told what it 
is on the £u)e of it, I have done enous^. 
But, however, since I have begun with 
afi)ho dheet, I shall finish it ere I lay 
down my pen. , 

Good Heavens I how could all the 
hlamey Haxlitt has been pouring out 
of late ever so completely bliiM Mr 

,Msq. No. Via 

Jeffirey, as to^allow him lo make such 
an exhibiUon? Jeffrey, I suppose, 
knows that it was the Calmh (Mta^ 
who is said to have burned the Alex- 
andrian library. Yet here he lets the 
vulgarism of Cockaigne put the blame 
on the shoulders of Osm^n.-^n^, 351 .) 
Mr Jeffirey cannot be stupidly isno- 
rant of a boarding-school miss s ware 
of Italian ; yet here he lets his besot- 
ted contributor say that Mrs Raddiflfe 
was " an incognito."— (P. 360.) Mr 
Jeffrey, I take it, can r^ Latin ; yet 
here we have Tibtdlus's trite l^e mis- 
quoted, as mille amatus habet^ milk 
decenter, by the poor critic, 
'^ With Micla«L* ears commUting sliort and 

Mr Jeffirey was bom many a mile 
away from the sound of Bow; yet 
here he allows Hazlitt unrelentingly 
to paradesuch words as ^'Herem itress, 

ip. 357,) and to Cockneyize the title of 
liffbrd's poem into the " BARviad," 
(p. 37§.) But why need I waste my 
tune in holding up to public derision 
a man whom we nave already made 
one of the b3rword8 of public scorn ? 
I vow to Heaven, I am not thinking of 
him at all; but am shocked at the 
mental doud which has fdlen over a 
man whom I always admitted to be a 
sharp and petulant, if not a deep cri- 
tic, and who, I imagined, never would 
sit down in company with such a Ute- 
rary flunky. 

You had some time since a necessity 
to say something about Hazlitt, in 
your review of his Table-Talk ; and 
you could find nothing so apt to com- 
pare him to, as a mere ulcer, a sore 
ttom head to foot, a poor devil, so 
completely flayed, that there was not 
a square half mch of healthy fledi on 
his carcase. In the Review, he cuts 
the same figure, he acts the same part, 
of an overgrown pimple, sore to the 
touch. He feels that he is exiled from 
decent sodety ; and how does he ac-> 
count for his misfortune? Hear his 
own theory : — 

*' A profettional roan, who should come 
into the world, rdying on his genius or 
learning for hU success, without otlier ad- 
vantages, would be looked upon as a pe« 
dant, a barbarian, or a poor creature. 
^ Though he should have all knowledge, 
and could speak with the tongues of angeb, 
yet, Without affectation^ he would be no- 
thing.* He who is not acquaint^ with the 
topic, who is not fashbned in the mode of 
the day, is no batter than a brute.** 

Cruel and hard-hearted treatment ! 

Ldters of Timothy Tkkler, Esq. iVb. nil. 


So the worid in general look on this 
*^ professional man of gesiius and Tir* 
tne" as a pedant^ a barbarian, a poor 
imatnre, and a brute. Wicked world ! 
Ko wonder that we hare earthquakes. 
He told us already^ in his Table-Talk^ 
that all the people of London will not 
look on his books^ for fear of being 
thought Cockneys ; and^ by this ac- 
county it would seem that nis person 
gets little better treatment among them. 
The old lamentation over his works 
is here continued. He confesses (p. 
"SSJ,) that an he can do is to '^ glitter^ 
flutter, buzzj i^awn, die, stink, and be 
forgotten ;" and (p. 358,) that, when 
princes scowl on him, which I should 
suppose they never do, as I cannot 
conceive how Hazlitt could come with- 
in scowl of a prince, he is obliged to 
hope, that " the broad shining &ce of 
the people may turn to him with a fa- 
vourable aspect." May turn! Vain 
hope ! Have you not already informed 
us, that people are af^id of looking 
into your books, lest they should be 
suspected of Cockneyism, or jperhaps 
because they dreaded undergomg that 
dire metamorphosis by merely poring 
over your pages. He grumbles at 
booksellers for refusing to buy his 
l^ooks, (p. 359,) while uiey are so in- 
considerate as to take the same stuff in 
fragments as flUing for unhappy ma- 
gazines. As to his reputation, ne gives 
up that entirely, by admitting, that 
mm08t the only writers who can keep 
their reputation above water are ano- 
nymous critics ; unless he has the va- 
nity to make himself one of the al- 
mosts, which the poor fellow is too 
candid to think of. Yet what he wants 
is not much. He is ready to give up 
eternal fame for a newspaper puff, (p. 
S57) ; and as he was once, and long, 
if indeed he be not still, one of the 
glorious company hiniself, that, I am 
sure, he can find no great difficulty in 

fetting, by sporting, in fovour of a 
rother of the quills a shilling or two 
on an extra go of brandy and water at 
the Wreldn, or a tumbler of hot and 
hot British Hollands at the Cart and 
Horses, or any other fashionable hotel 
resorted to by those eminent literati. 
There, no doubt, Mr Hazlitt is great ; 
and I am proud to perceive that he 
has no mock modesty about him on 
the pdnt; for he candidly draws a 
simile firom his own long experience 
in such campaigns, assuring us, (p. 

354,) " that the mixing of Hquors is 
no doubt a bad thing, and muddles 
the brain ; but, in a certain stage of 
society, is perhaps unavoidable," t. ^. 
in the stage of society of the Cow and 
Cauliflower, or other place blessed br 
the presence of the august body, whktt 
Idndly infbrms the public mind of all 
passing events, and directs the genius 
of die age, at three pounds, odd shil- 
lings and pence, paid weekly during 
die session of Parliament 

The rest of the introduction to the 
consideration of his subject, he has 
filled with utter nonsense about paint- 
ing, (for H. was bred a water-colour 
painter, which nrofbssion he gave up 
on finding that he could not earn salt 
to his porridge by it, it being unirer- 
sally acknowledged that he could not 
delineate a chtum-sta$ and on that 
ground thinks himself admirably qua-* 
fified to talk' on gusto and vertu,) and 
common-place stuff about trite litera- 
ture. It condudes with diis s^endid 
sentence, which, if even Mr Jeflfrey 
the Great himself can interpret fbr me, 
he shall be to me for ever a Magnus 
Apollo. '' If our several contempora^ 
raries were to criticize one author as ia 
constant habit," what then ? — " there 
would be no end of the repeated re- 
flections, and continually lessening 
perspective of cavils and objections^ 
which would resemble nothing in n a-' 
TURE but" — what in nature ? l^ny 
:uess, good reader, ** but the Cdffie 
^sic]] des MiUes \j^t\ Colonnes ! !* 
'. 36a. Alas! poorjeffVey! criti-* 
dzing one author as a constant ha-« 
bit ! what an idea ! and then the re- 
flections, and the ' perspective, and 
the nature ! and, proh pudor ! the 
French ! Why, deJar Mr Jeffrey, these 
fellows will make us suspect yon of 
having fbrgotten the most childly sc- 

But to proceed — I hinted, some pa- 
ragraphs ago, that Mr Jefflrey has alter- 
ed this article a good deal since it made 
its first appearance on his writing-table. 
The two chief alterations, however; 
must be allowed to be the curtailments 
which the production has undergone, 
in respect of the notices which it origi- 
nally set forth touching Cobbett and 
your own Magazine. Both of these corw 
taihnents appear to me to have been in- 
judidous. It such an artide was to ap- 
pear at all, it should have appeared with 
all its original beauties and defects u^ 


Le(t€rs of Timothy Tickler i Esq. No. FIJI. 

00 ita head. It ocnild them have been 
«aidj ** Poh>Mr Jeffiney was busjr— or he 
vas from home — ana this article was 
stock iD without his knowledge or re- 
visunu — ^It is a bk)t; bat what book 
is without a blot now and then ? You 
moat not condemn the Review for the 
sake of one production, hastily and 
unwarily suffered to appear in it." 
Many are the times when shifts like 
these have been resorted to, and with 
tolerable success, by the patrons of the 
Bine and Yellow. But here it wUl not 
do: — ^there is evidence — there is the 
clearest evidence— -that the great Mr 
Jeffrey's own pen has been at work. As 
it stands, the article is a mere piece of 
stoUery ; — it is incomplete ; it is im- 
perfect ; it is curtailed ; it is mane and 
mutilated ; wholeparagraphshave been 
scored outr<-others have been clippped 
and docked. The thing is not what it 
was meant to be ; nobody can glance it 
over without being satisfied Uiat Mr 
Jeffirey has bondJUe combed and car- 
ved upon the Cockney abortion — that 
Hx lias really edited Hazlitt ! 

The notice of Cobbett, as it now ap- 
pears, is really the roost pitiable make-' 
believe I ever met with. ^' Willing to 
wound, and vet afraid to strike, is 
truly a line wnich the man who edited 
this has a right to quote. I have no 
sort of doubt in my own mind that 
i^A Cockney's original MS. contained 
three or four pages of puff upon Cob- 
bett. — Hazlitt, for one, never can 
mention Cobbett without letting his 
breath out in his praise ; and I ap- 
prove of .William Hazlitt for admi- 
lii^ which he really appears to do 
from his heart, the great and singu- 
lar merits of William Cobbett. But 
here vras a ticklish piece of busi- 
neaa for Mr Jeffirey to nave any hand 
ia. Many years ago, as, indeea, even 
the extant paragraph acknowledges, 
BnHigham ipade a savage attack on 
Cebbett's character in the Edinburgh 
Beview. Cobbett did not suffer from 
thst, of ooorae, but he resented it not- 
withstanding. For the last ten years, 
he baa badgered Jeffrey ; and, to use 
his own powerful es^ression, passim, 
'< all the vile, canting, coxcomb gang 
of the JBdinburgh Review." This has 
iBvariably been Cobbett's language — 
at-least it was so until witlun the last 
twa or three months. He has lashed 
their tergiversations ; he has expos^ 
their gross errors in politics and politi- 
cal economy ; he has moved the world's 

laughter with his jeeia about their 
prophecies ; he baa battered them, in 
a word, on the ground whidi waa com* 
mon to them and him, with a vigour 
only equalled by that whidi you an4 
your friends have exhibited againsi: 
them ^1100^ alia. He has been the 
other great thorn in Jeffrey's side. 
The moment you gave him a pause, 
Cobbett was sure to dig in — ^the mo- 
ment the old sergeant cried halt, 
plunge went your spur again. — In 
short, between you, you kept Mr JeStef 
in eternal hot water ; and I believe lie 
would often have be^ greatly pussled> 
if anybody had put Fortunatus' cap on 
his head for an instant, which of the 
two to wish first in petition and the 
abysa. Of late, however, as I have 
hinted, there have been some symp- 
toms of a change in this matter. We 
have seen Mr Brougham puffing Mr 
Cobbett's Cottage Economy in the 
Edinbuigh Review. The book deser* 
ved all that was said in its praise, that 
is true ; but still, to see Mr Beouoham 
puffing his old arch enemy was some* 
thing. Then we have seen Mr Brough- 
am presenting Mr Cobbett's petitions 
about the national debt, the equitable 
adjustment, &c., in the House of Com* 
mous — introducing Mr William a^ a 
" distinguished writer" — '' a man dT 
original and acknowledged genius," 
and the like. We have seen this, and 
we have seen Mr Cobbett, on his 
part, devoting many whole oolumna of 
his Register to the puffing of Mr 
Brougham. We have seen Mr Cobbett, 
who, only a year before, concluded 
one of the severest diatribea he ever 
penned with these worda— '^ Law- 
yer Brougham praises him — that is 
xNouoH ! ! !" — Wehaveheard Mr Cob- 
bett, who treated Mr Brougham in 
this style of siqpreme scorn not twelvje 
months before, singing out about Mr 
Brougham's *' learning," ^' genius," 
^' honesty," and what not, as if he had 
been to be paid a guinea for every pret- 
ty word he could produce. We nave 
seen all this, and we were of course 
aware that some underhand work had 
been going on between Messrs Brough- 
am and Cobbett. But stilly there waa 
no puffery of Jeffrey in Cobbett — 
no: the treaty between Broug^uun 
and him appeared to be strictly a 
personal one. The abuse of Mr Jeffrey 
and of the Review itself still con- 
tinued. Brougham's praises were ever 
and anon wound up with wonder 


Letiert of Timothy TkhUry Biq. No. nit. 


ncytf tuch s ^t^t iMti botdd vtoop to. 
hiiTe fthythftig 16 do with tudi '' « 
gangf' M Jefflpcr's. TTnder theie dr** 
enmstafices, wHat ctmld Mr Francis 
jeffirey do with this Cockney's pniP 
trpon Mt VnUiara Cobhett ? The pttff 
or Corbbett bv Brougham had hideed 
softened Coboett t6wards B)^oi)u;hikm 
personally ; but the iNige and conteinpt 
df the man fbt Mr JefiVey, and for 
Mr Jeftey's Review, wei* still ex- 
mneiased without stint or stay. Should 
Ae insert HazUtt's puff, perhaps Cob« 
bett mi^t thank HaKlitt for it ; but 
here was proof enough that he would 
not thank Mr Jeffrey. He touM not, 
Iherefbre, bring himself to put Ra^ 
Htt's trash in as it stood^--he could 
iiot do this. He had gone as ^ in the 
Iray of stooping to Cobhett as he could 
bring himself to do without t'eceiVing 
some sort of intimation that Cobhett 
wouM accept of his humiliation, and 
be merciful in future. At the same 
time, he had already suiftred so shock- 
ingly, that he durst not fbr the life of 
him dream of putting out the puff. 
And inserting an attack of his own 
penmanship in its room. He was not 
Bofbol-harayastodreamofthis. What 
then, amidst all this net-work of stulti- 
jMng difficulty, remained fbr the noble 
Fttracis Jeffrey?— Why, just to do 
what he has done — to score out all 
the hack's hearty laudation, and retain 
fust enough to shew that there had 
been such a tiling in the article, and 
tiiat he had, in his editorial magnani- 
inity, erased it. — Htatus valde deflen^ 
dtts f But, my word for it, this gentle- 
man IS not the boy to allow anythmg 
he has written to remain unprinted, 
imd therefore unpaid; and we shall 
have it aU in gooa time in some othet^ 
tortier of the *' Periodical Pt^ss." 

But only to think of the paragraph 
Vhich immediately sticceeds this pre- 
cious one about Cobbett ! It is a puff 
of THE CxAMiNER, wliich the Edin- 
burgh Review is made to say stands 
•* next to • Cobbett's," (amon^ the 
weekly papers,) " in point of tdent." 
Hie Examiner dashed next to Cobbett 
fn anything is odd enough, but, *^ in 
point of tiuent," is really the joke of 
an jokes ;-*>the Examiner, that has 
tumbled down first fVom a shilling to 
tenpenoe— then fVom tenpence to s^ 
^enpence-half)^ny — then to sixpence 
^--and now to fourpence ; — the Exa- 
miner, that, eren with his reduced 
prices, has less chrcination at wis mo- 

ment than ahnost any Sundsy-ptpar 
hi exitftenee, and lliat eimiktes among 
a more ignoble tslass of readers than 
perhaps any one of the amy — the 
Cockney Court-Gasette l^tiie weekly 
trai^-imk of the Hunts ! — Oh, my 
dear Mr JefiVey, this indeed is a tum- 

I confess I am a fittle pusded witii 
the last sentence of this character of 
the Examiner. Is it Hazlitt's ? Is it 
Jeffrey's? Is it a pic-nic afliir?— ^ 
''.With the exception of a little egoi^ 
ism, and twaddle, and flippancy and 
dogmatism about religion and morale, 
and mawkishneis abwt Jirf sides, and 
furiotis Bwmaparteism, and a vei.i of 
siMy sannet'Writing, we suspect the 
Examiner must be allowed to be ths 


the publications that issue from the 
Weekly Press." This is the sentenee 
as it stands, near &e bottom of page 
S«8. How— why-^by what fktuity It 
Was allowed to appear diere, I con- 
f^ my utter inability to make tcay 

If it be Hazlitt's, what can be ao ex- 
quisite as a rebuke of egotism and 
twaddle fVom the worthy, who, in hte 
very last book, (no, the Liber Amoris 
was the last, but in the one imihedi* 
alely preceding the Uber Amoris,^ 
took occasion to tell the world that R 

was oy THE lOTH OF AUOttST, 17^4, 

HE first read die Nouvelle Eloiae, 
** over a bottle of sherry, and at the inn 
of LtangoUen, — who, in th6 penidt 
number of the Liberal, favoured us 
iHth all those charming partitulare 
about the old Unitarian preacher hia 
father, and his own first introduedon 
to Mr Coleridge, — whose excesaife and 
illustrious egotism is, }n short, one o# 
the most striking features throuehoiit 
the whole of hislneubratkms. If it be 
Haslitt's again, if it really ht Haidin't, 
ctm anything be so superb as a sneer 
against '' flippancy etnd ditgituOtsmk 
about reUgioh and moreds," from die 
author of the Loves of '* H." eild 
Sally in our Alley — the nan wbe hea 
just insulted the publie with pul^A- 
tng a f^ll and partiddar account of 
his laborious ana deliberate, but tm- 
Buccessful attempts, to seduo^, be* 
ueath her fathers roof, (he bebigitt 
-die tbne a married man, afnd llie Ik* 
ther of a family,) a poot servant fj^ 
who waited upon him in hia kdMng- 
hooae ? Egoiimn and fUj^MHcy mmt 
religion and morahi, indeed ! Bm no, 



Letters of Timotky Tkkkr, E^^ No. nil. 


M>— thii onisl be sn roterpoUtiou — 
thii must be Mr JdFrey'ii. And Jf the 
ientenoD be bis, will that inend the 
liifttter ? Turn to the article on Bno- 
mptrte, in this very number of the 
Eeview, and see Buonai^rte there 
gravdhrebaracterized as^But do let us 
take we very wonls (they occur at the 
botloln'of page 515.) 

. ** We deem it impossible for any one« 
hour strongly soever he may Jiuve been 
prejodiced Mgainst Napoleon, to rise from 
the perusal and study of these details^ 
without an intimate persuasion that few 
ffttU men httoe ever been more worthy of 
mxEX. His insatiable ambition re- 
iDaios* in reality, the only charge againU 
ku ckmraeteri and it must be allowed to 
hare been mingled with as much of good 
as ever was known to be compatible with 
a thirst for power. The destruction of 
per«i«oua abuses— the improvement of 
fhe condition of the people at large— 
^ent hmd in hand with every act by 
wbfeb be sought his own personal ag- 
graoditenient. In many cases this wa$ 
At necaaary consequence of the debased 
eo n ditioo of the eountries he overran and 
subdued. Any change, for instance, roust 
■■avoidably have proved beneficial to 
flpaia and Italy; nor could h& conquer 
them witiiout bettering tbehr condition in 
every essential particular. But if is ottfy 
jkti to adit 'Aa£ Atr own mdhuUion was to 
rmi omt antiquated eoUs, and t/tat he placed 
Am ckiefeai ^ory in being the tegaierator (f 
the modern wM, The volumes before us 
^ord evideucep in every pagd of his thoughts^ 
et l^aM during the last tenyears of his reignt 
hearing been all dire^ed towards raising fir 
kimedftka most durable monument^ by en- 
tilBng hhntelfto the gratitude <^aU ages, fir 
rendering to mankhul Ute inestimable service 
*f freeing them from the tltraldom ofawete' 
rate abuses in Aurdi and state.** 

Tbcse words are worthy of being 
written in letters of brass. Buonaparte 
mote worthy of esteem than almost 
lay great man that ever existed ! No 
dur>^ ^;ain8t Buonaparte's diaracter 
bnt the tkirat of power I Buonaparte 
Aought of nothing fhmi 1804 to 1814, 
b«t '« en^tling himself to the grati- 
lode of all ages for rendering to man- 
kind the ineatiinable service of freeing 
dMm Droin the thraldom of inveterate 
abuaea in church and state I" These 
mt expretaiona on whidi I am not 
mA « ninny aa to ofib* any remark. 
T%ey mre, unqoeationably, however, 
liie ne phs ttltra of f^urioos Bnonapar- 
1^ md shey oecoi in thesame nam* 

Vol. XIV. 

ber of the Review in which ** furioua 
Buonapartdsm" is mentioned as con« 
atituting one of the few deductions 
which must be nuule ftom the general 
" respectability" of the £xaminer pn* 
per. Another of these deductions is 
said to be " a vein oi sickly sonnet- 
writing." Now, who is this sickly 
sonnetteer? Is it anybody but that very 
identical Leigh Hunt, King of the 
Cockneys, the most sickly and disgust-^ 
ing of all whose poetical produetiona 
(the incestuous Rimini story) is cha-' 
racterized, three or four pages far« 
ther down, in this very article, as '^ an 
elegant and pathetic poem, by the edi- 
tor of an opposition paper." How are 
we to reconcile all these contradic- 
tions? I, for one, cannot read Uie 
whole sentence, be it whose it may, 
over again, without being oonvinc^ed 
that even the devil can speak truth at 
tiroes. Truth he hates; but truth, 
like murder, will out. — Just pause for 
a moment^ and read the words over 
ffigain. Well now: Would anybody 
£sire a more intelligible definition 
than that which the Kdinburgh Re-i 
view itself furnishes, when it udks of 
'^ an able and respectable paper, which 
has no faults except that it wjlippant 
about religion and morals, (which, 
being interpreted, means that it wages 
uniform war ^inst the principles of 
chastity and decency, an« overflows 
with eternal blasphemies against the 
faith of the Bible,)— tUt it is full of 
mawkishness ttbout Jirendes, egoiisntf 
twaddle, and sickly sonnet-writing" — 
that is to say, in other words, that it 
is fiill of Cockneyism and Leigh Hunt 
-*-and, finally, that it is full o€ uUra^ 
Buonaparleijttn, which means neither 
more nor less than that it is, like the 
Edinburgh Review itself, character- 
iced by the basest Jacobinism, the 
most unrelenting hostility, to all the 
established institutions of Christian 
£uroDe, in ** church and state." 

I bliall say no more for the present 
about tins ^ most respectable publica- 

And yet, ere I leave the Cockneys, 
I may perhaps as well take notice- 
very shortly it shall be — of the pass- 
age a little way down about Mr John 
Keats. It is said by this Edinburgh 
Reviewer, that John was attacked as a 
bad poet, merely because he had been 
firaised in the Examiner in a way (piiie 
unconnected with politics, fir some of 
Us juvenile verses ; and Uiat he w^nla ' 


LeUert of Tinwtky Tickler, Eaq. No. Fill. 


have fared very differently, bad he: 
flung King Leigh Hunt's puff in his 
face, and bowed at the knee of William 
Oiffordy editor of the Quarterly Re- 
view, and author of the Baviad and. 
Msviad. Now, the whole of this is . 
inade up of direct mis-statement and 
base misrepresentation. In the first 
place, long before any Tory Review 
whatever took notice of Keats, he had 
not merely been puffed in the Exa- 
miner, but he haa put forth sonnets 
upon sonnets of his own, in ho-, 
nour of Leigh Hunt, calling Leigh 
Hunt '* a kind martyr," &c. because 
he had been clapped into Newgate 
for a beastly libel upon his sove- 
reign ; and, in short, had identified, 
himsdf in a hundred dif&rent ways, 
with all the bad political principles^ 
aa well as with all the bad poetical 
taste, of the Cockney school. Here, 
therefore, is one clear mis-statement 
as to matter of fact. In the second 
place, it was not, as is so plainly 
insinuated, the author of the Ba- 
viad and Msviad who commenced 
the attack upon Keats. Keats had been 
c(ished — ^utterly demolished, and dish- 
ed by Blackwood — ^long before Mr Gif- 
ford s scribes mentioned his name. The 
Quarterly Review did not invent the 
name " Cockney-School," but only 
adopted that name after it had been 
introduced by Blackwood into univer- 
sal use, and had in fact become as 
nudi an integral part of the language 
of English criticism, as any other 
phrase in the dictionary. It is then 
absurd, and worse tban absurd, to say 
that Mr Keats would have altered 
his condition in any respect whatever^ 
by trying to conciliate the smile of the 
Quarteriy editor. It is possiUe, and, 
indeed, it is highly probable, that he 
was vexed with finding himself, and 
the rest of the Cockney school, cha- 
racterized in the Quarterly by the 
phrases which Blackwood had invent- 
ed. But that was a mere flea-bite. — 
All the other Reviews had adopted the 
tone ere then. The concern was ut- 
terly undermined three vears ere the 
Quarterly put a single pick-axe to its 
foundation. As for the absurd story 
about Mr John Keats having been put to 
death by the Quarterly, or by any other 
criticism, I confess I really did not ex- 
pect to meet with a repetition of such 
stuff in the Edinburgh Review. If peo- 
ple die of these wounds, what a pnnce 
of killers, and king of murderers, must 

Mr Jeffrey be ! In law, the intention 
makes the crime, and he who flres a 
pistol at my body is a murderer, al- 
though he happens to miss me, or al- 
though I recover of the wound he in- 
flicts. Granting, then, that this is the 
law, what arc we to say to the man 
who cut up Byron's Hours of Idleness ? 
That review^ surely, was meant to bp 
as severe as any review that was ever 
penned touching poor Johnny Keats. 
The article on I^rd Thurlow — the ar- 
ticle proA pudbr / on Joanna Boillie — 
the article on Tom Little's smutty 
Poems — all these, and a hundred more» 
were at least intended to murder poeti- 
cal reputations ; andas for the reviewers 
of Keats really meaning to murder, not 
the poetaster, but the boy— the living 
individual Johnny — why this, I sup- 
pose, is more than the Examiner him- 
self will hold up his face to. This Edin- 
burgh Reviewer, to conclude, reproach- 
es very bitterly the Quarterly Review- 
er of JLeats for mentionixig his profes- 
sion, and says, that his being a youn^; 
apothecary would, under di&rent cir- 
cumstances, have been converted into 
a ground, not of censure, but of praiae* 
All this may be true ; but I would just 
ask of Mr Jeffrey, who it was that, in 
the pages of this same Edinburgh Re- 
view, quisled Mr Thelwall for being 
a tailor^— a trade at least as harmlen a* 
the other, I suppose? Thelwall replied 
to that, by tethng somebody or other 
connected with tl^ Edinburgh Review, 
that his father or grandfather, I forset 
which, was a barber. This had die 
effect of stopping for aome time the 
stream of allusions to professions, &c 
in the Edinburgh Review. Why did 
not Mr Keats try the same trick with 
the Quarterly ? But the truth is, that 
all this is shocking stuff. Who serious- 
ly thinks the worse of a man for being 
an apothecary, or for being the son of 
a barber ? No such absuraitit^ exist 
in this age of the world. And the per- 
son, if such there be, who really feela 
the least annoyance ^m any such tri- 
fles as these, must certainly boast ^he 
manhood, not of a barber, nor of i|a 
a|>othecarv, but of a most superlative 
tailor. If John Keats cared tor being 
called an apothecary, being one, be 
must really.have been a greater goose 
than even I ever took him for. Su^h 
allusions have be^ in use ever since 
there were books and reviewers in the 
world. Grood heavens! what woiild 
become of Moliere, Fielding, StnoUett. 


Lettert of Timolh, Tickler, Esq, Ko. VIIL 


Le SagCj Cervantes — in short, of all the 
comic writers tlie world evier saw, if it 
b to be considered a cnroe to take a few 
tUps at '* The Three Black Graces," 
Law, Physic, and Divinity ? But let us 
hear no more of JohnnyKcats. Itreallv 
is too disgusting to have him and his 
poems recillcd in this manner, afler all 
the world thought they had got rid of 
the concern. I would just ask any 
candid man this question — '^ What 
did Keats write ?"—" Keats r would 
be the answer, " I never heard the 
name — Oh ! yes, I do remember some- 
thing — Keats ! — was it Keats you said ? 
— Are you sure you did not mean 

couic r 

But, just before I quit for ever the 
topic of J. Keats, let me ask Mr Jef- 
frey one short and simple question. 
His Review says, that Johns **Jine 
Jiuicy and poiverfttl invention were too 
obriotu to be treated with neglect," and 
that therefore the Tory critics set to 
abusing John. The question I wish 
to put is this — If Keats s fancy and in- 
vention were so wonderfully obvioui, 
why did the Edinburgh Review take 
no notice at all of the possessor until 
long after the Tory critics bad had 
ffoch abundance of time to make min- 
ced meat of him .^ What is the use 
of a Review, if it be not to watch 
for the appearance of fine fancy and 
powerfal invention ; and, whenever 
such quaCties make their appearance, 
to call upon the world to give the new 
poet his due reception of applause? 
The Edinburgh Review, however, suf- 
fered all the fancy and invention of 
Johnny Keats to be pufl^ in the pe- 
riodical works, of which its familiar 
knowledge is now confessed— and to 
be sneered at in those its fearful inti- 
macy with which is the mainspring 
and sole inspiring principle of the ar- 
tide before us^it su^ed all this 
for many long years, before it had 
the honestv or the courage to say 
one syllable about the existence of 
such a being as Johnny. How is 
Hr JefiVey to answer or account for 
tbb? BUt a still more serious ques- 
tion remains — ^Wby, up to this blessed 
hour, has the Edinburgh Reriew never 
hinted that there has oeen such a man 
in the world as Percy Bysshe Shelley ? 
Surely, surely his fancy and invention 
were in the proportion of 1000 to 1 
ccmpared with those of Johnnv Keats. 
Surdy, surely he was abuied by the 
Quarterly^ fully as bitterly as ever 

Keats was. But no—there is a Tcason 
for everytliing. Shelley, with all his 
faults, was a gentleman, a scholar, and 
a poet; and his merits as such were 
uniformly acknowledged in Black- 
wood's Alagazine. That work, if there 
was a cry against Shelley, did not join- 
it. On the contrary, it was in that 
work that he vrHsJirst praised in a 
style worthy of his genius ; and, while 
many severe criticisms appeared there, 
of and concerning his bad principles, 
political and religious, there never ap- 
peared one word which Shelley, or the 
friends of Shelley, could complain of, 
as either illibcm or indecorous to- 
wards the man or towards the poet. 
In a word, the Edinburgh Review ne- 
glected his fine oualities, however ob- 
vious, and Blackwood praised them 
warmly and zealously, in spite of his 
bad qualities, however obvious. Btlt it 
did not suit Mr JefiVey to allude to all 
this — Why ? — why simply because the 
object of this article was to denounce 
all the Tory critics, and Bldck wood's 
in particular, as persons who bestow 
their praise or censure entirely on po^ 
litical grounds — who were incapaole 
of doing justice to the fine fancy and 
poweri\il invention of Johnny Keats, 
and Leigh Hunt, King of the Cock- 
neys, because these men were, or were 
supposed to be, politically opposed to 
their own principles. The least men- 
tion of Mr Shelley's very different treat- 
men t must have at onoe nullified all 
this nonsense. It must, at the same 
time, have given birth to a universal 
inquiry as to the reasons which have 
from the beginning, and up to this mo- 
ment, kept the EdiOburgn Review si- 
lent as to Mr Shelley himself, hi^ poe- 
try, and the evil and tne good so strange^ 
ly blended in all his extraordinary pro- 
auctions. It must have set everybody 
a-saying, *' Why did this Reyiew, that 
praises Mr Barry Cornwall, and Mr 
Beddoes, and Mr Snowies, and Heaven 
knows how many more of such small 
deer, why did it, why does it, never 
mendon the existence of such poems 
as THE Revolt op Islam ana the 
Cenci?" On every ground, therefore, 
the Review felt it necessary to sink 
this matter altogether. But the pub- 
lic, you n^iy rely on it, will not sink 
it so easily. The public wiU see the 
thing as it stands ; and the public will 
be at no loss to appreciate the open 
and manly behaviour, of this redoubt- 
able Review, both towards Mr ShdUeyi 

t9B Leiter90fTim^rtifTiMcriEiq. No, VIII. HAng. 

and tqwards tbe Tory Joaraal, whoee has paraded in bonoor of Mr Franda 
tiberaltreatinent of that unhappy per- Jeffrey. Which of these eentlemen 
aott formed ao striking a contrast baa to answer for the liberal and de- 
Co the neglect he expeii»ced at the corona qoii upon old Perry, with which 
hands of those, who, by their own (now that he is dead/ and bis guineas 
ahewing, were bound to have been tbe not oome-atidUe) the Edinburgh Re* 
foremost in noticing his genius. view winds up its account of his naper» 

I pass over all about *' The Nkws," I shall not give myself the trouble of 
an " excellent paper" — the Literary inquiring. I suspect, however, that 
Gazettes and Journals, '' a trulv insig- the thing must belong to a true '' gen* 
nificantrace" — the Scotsman, ''a truly tleman of the press,' from the sore- 
original paper, with but one suliject — ness with whid> old Pernr's trick of 
of which subject its Editor seems to fathering all the tid-bits or the Chro- 
be King," I may just notice, how- nicle himself is brought up. Perrj's 
ever, that the Stot-King has rather book-sale shewed what had been nig 
more subjects than one. being, or at favourite tastes in literature ; and 
least having been, lord of as many it is certainly auite possible to judge 
stink-pots OS any of his '' respectable from that, that ne may have occadon- 
bretbren. I leave all these, nowever, ally been inclined to rob even Pyg* 
for the present, and turn to the splen- mfluion of his due. The story of ni« 
did character of the Morning Chroni- saying that " Epit/iaiamia were throwa 
de. " There is a liberality and de« into Pdrson's coffin," and correcting 
corum about this paper," quoth the himself next day — '* for Epiihala^ 
EdinburghReview. — "Oston^-hearted mia, read Epicpdia" is not a bad one. 
^Edinburgh !" how could you give breath The whole effect of the paragraph is to 
to such a murderous paragraph as is give the world a hearty laugh at the ex* 
here! Liberality and Decorum in penac of the defunct. Womd Sir Jamea 
the paper which produced all Tom Mackintosh^ or, as Cobbett calls him, 
Moore's odious series of libels upon (I shall not ask for what reason,^ ** Sir 
the King and I«ady Hertford ! Line- Jammy," have suffered tbis^ baa Perry 
rality and decorum in the paper whidi been still in tbe land of the living, 
contained the mode poems upon the with hb books and his -papers about 
dea^ of Mr Pcrcival, — him ? — I gvesM not. Perry baa been 

" ChiWrea'ji tear, dead just about two y«ir»! Thus speed- 

Patriot's bier," &c. && ^y hath the memory of his munificence 

departed from among the Haalitts !— * 

Alas for Mr Jeffrey ! — Liberality thus speedily hath Mie savour of his 
and decorum in the paper which only sauces vanished from the recollection 
a few weeks ago contained that truly of the Jeffreys ! — thus speedily hath 
vnnameahU attack upon John Bull — the dread of nis desk evaporated elae- 
that attack which roused the universal where. I say nothing. I admire the 
loathing even of the Whigs— that at- Whigs — I admire their gratitude— I 
tack which, had it been executed with admire their liberality — I admire Uieir 
just a little less cowardice, must have decorum — I admire the Morning Chro- 
sent the Morning Chroniclers in a body nide — I admire the Edinburgh Review 
to Botany Bay! — Liberality !!! and ^-I admire the Examiner — I admire 
Decojilm ! ! !-— But X.have no wish to the News — I admire them all. I ad- 
treat the thing otherwise than as a joke, mire even Sir Jomray. My memory ia 
Many is the ^ood guinea that the jammy itself, and long shall all their 
Morning Chronicle has paid Mr Wil- glories stick to it.* 
jiam EfazliU, and many is the puff it The notice of the Old Times ia t 

■ ■ 

* [Perry (or Piiiet for that was the man's name«) was a canny Aberdonlao, at ignor 
rant as a oray-borse, but with jirai suffideot toct for the drudgery of a paper. He was 
a vain creature, as Hazlitt (who has preserved one astonishing spedmea of his benefits 
tor*8 ignorance, p. 362,) remarks, but he did nindi for the rnp«:tability of tbe diurnal 
twess. He was emincndy trust-worthy, and some of his Whig patrons let him go to 
jail for libels which he never wrote, but the authors of which he was too honoarame to 
gii^ op. Yet I do not recoHect that these sood Whigs ever bhuned themsdvcs ibr 
J*atf49i«i^ behind bim, or that ever he was cslfed «p to be badgered by a Uonae of GottK 
naaa, At reflecting m any Tory menibns by mistaUnga very nMkutmj eauilanltoa 
m m apology. At pBosentthe Mandng ChroDkle ladedded^ going dolni» 
weiy imivy ereaiufCh-^. N.) 

IMS.]] Leiim ^ Twwth^ TiebUr, Esq. Ao. Fill. 99$ 

tracaknt Bltfxii in mtbdance; froa which he mtde hit fortmie. - When tb« 

which I conclude that a certain Gen- game of war and madoeu was over, and 

tleman of the Fftss is not just at the proprietor wished to pocket his dear* 

presaU in the pay of the Old Tiroes, bought gains quietly, he happened to have 

I cooJd, if I pleaaed, give you a full 9 writer in iiis employ who wanted to 

and narticnlar history of the tone in roar on, as if anything more was to he 

whi^ the New Times is criticized^ got by his continued war-hoop, and who 

but I should be sorry to hurt re- scandalized the whole body of disinterent- 

apectable people in the coursed eXf> ^ Jews, contractors, and stock-jobbers, 

posing ethers, and therefore I " bri^ ^V ^« ***" *"** smithery with which, in 

die in my struggling muse" wkhi.. the piping time of peace, he was forri- 

out pain. I shall, however, quote one ^^^^^ o" ^^^ chains of foreign nations, 

ntssage from this part of the article, ^* ^**' ''^""^» ^^ thought at least, that 

just to shew how weD truth and fake- ^"**' ^°"^*^ "^^ »° *^"- '^^ *^ ^&^ ^ 

hood may be Wended, even in the '^Jf >'««' up 0^ river, and tfte tide of 

most libcnd and decorous of works. ^»Uin^^^ f>lood could no longer fou, 

down U, wUh any jrretence to decency, mora- 

Iky, or reHgitm. TTwfr u a cant ofimtnot- 

*• The TiMEs conforms to (he dianges •*"» «*« ^ <% * <*«* tf a cant of humanity 

of the time. It bears down upon a ques- timong Itadmeyed jtotUiciam, The writer rf 

don, like a first-rate man-of-war, with ^ lbadino AaricLB, if it true, wa$afa^ 

screamers flying, and all hands on deck ; nizdic ; but the proprietor <f the LSAnnrG* 

lait if the first broadside does not answer, journal wa$ neither a martyr nor confeB^ 

tanis ronnd upon it, Uke a triremed gat- *or* The prindfdm g/ne way to the policy of 

ley, firing off a few paltry squibs to cover ^ P^per ; and this woe the origin of the 

its retreat. // takes up no faOmg cause ; Nbw Timbs." 

/ghts mo np-hiU battle ; adoocates no great 

•s holds out a ht^ting hand to no Observing that you, Christopher, 

I or aiseure indimduaL Itis'eMr have of kte been honoured with some 

ttnmg upon the stronger side,* Its etyk U of the abuse of this great " Bully Bot- 

magnUofuent ; iuspiritis not magnanimous, tom," the Old Times, I am sure you 

It u tmHant, ewaggering, imolent, with a ^iU be gratified to see hoW the Edin- 

Wr^rf /Wonrf r^ at its heels ;lni^ l,^j, Review itself appreciates th« 

^ TfS^ /^i-T '"^ir?' "^ «"'^o«''> consutency, and honesty of 

tJ^ ««/ «s^ / some fell arcum- ^^ representatives if old Walter. As 

^tri^lir^iZT^ fortheabuseofDrStoddart-for,in 

the Tune, is heaJd above them all, yvith ^]**I *^^?^,'''*^f?"^^^» 
OQtngeous deafening clamour ; but, let !^*^ .•T^T ^^"^^^ ^^^^ ^7 ^ 
the vulgar hubbub cease, and no wlrisper, ^ ndwulous m me to say a word about 
so echo of it. Is ever after heard of in the ^bat lam sure he wiH never waste a 
Tunes. Like BuUy Bottom in the play, ^bought upon. Dr S. is a rare exoeiH 
it then * aggravates its vokre so, as if it ^"*" **^.* rule^-^at, indeed, Is all but 
were a smging dove, an it were any night- *" universal one. He is connected 
Sngale.* Its coarse ribaldry is turned to a ^* ^ ^"ly prew, and has been so 
harmless jest ; its swelling rodomontade sinks ^^ ^^^7 J^^ i and yet he ifi as un- 
it a ueqnd common-jtlace ; and the editor ipotted a gentleman as iS DOW living 
amuses Idmselfin the interval^ before another In England. This ift quite enouril for 
gnat esploskm^ by coffecting and publishing, the Cockneys. He is a keen and nigh- 
from tune to time, Affidavits of the numbers principled Tory, and a writer of very 
of his paper sold in the last stormy period of uncommon pith and tact, and that 
t^ press* again is quite enough for the Whigs. 

« The Times rose into notice through ^^^ ^ 'S^'Pi?.^^ vr^eXc* Next 

Its diligence and promptitude in furnish- P^^.W^ ^ ^** Traveller, which 

ing Contmental intelligence^ at a time » qnahned as " not a new, but a new^ 

when foreign news was the most inte- ly-oonducted papcr/' and as *' diatin- 

icsting commodity in the market ; but at gnished by sound judgment," &c. &c. 

present it engrosses every other depart- ^^ ^^ suffice to say, that Brougham 

■Mot. It grew obscene andjurious during was underatood to have become the 

the fwolntioflary war ; and the nick- ehief proprietor of this paper not hmg 

ssaee whieb Ifr Walter bestowed on the ago, and one of his brothen to have 

Freoeh Roier vrere the counters with beoomo kaoditor ; and thatr I bciieve. 


Letters of' Timothy Tickler, Esq. No. VIIL 


in point of fkct^ it bas already ceased 
to exist as a distinct papcr^ in spite of 
all this l—Ebeu / 

Of course I shall skip over the viru- 
lent ahuse of the Courier. The Courier 
never employed Hazlitt, and he has all 
his life heen occupied in libelling those 
connected with it. You remember his 
vile buffoonery about Mr Mudford's 
personal appearance in his Table-talk ; 
and this — can this be the creature who 
dares to talk here in the Edinburgh Re- 
view abouf flickering jests on personal 
defects ?" Can this be the fellow who 
talks so ? Just turn to the Liberal^ No. 
IV. and see how Mr Irving is described 
— *' a tall, raw-boned, hard-featuiedj 
impudent Scotch quack" — ** his hair is 
matted like a mane, his beard blue and 
singed, and he verges in his general 
•appearance to the Simiou^ tribe, but of 
the lai^pest species" — '* the half-saint, 
half-savage" — " the cross-fire of his 
double vision" — " the portentous cast 
in the right eye" — ** this brawny 
bravo of the church" — " that strong 
obliquity of mental vision, that can look 
grave on Uie parent, andfttlsome on the 
daughter" — I say, let any roan just 
look to these phrases — particmaily 
the last Southampton-Row touch— and 
to the whole production in which thev 
occur — I think it is Hazlitt's — ^I think 
there is internal evidence of that ; but 
at all events, the thing is in the Libe- 
ral, for which Haiditt writes — as, in- 
deed, what liberal and decorous jour- 
nal is there for which he does not 
write ^-^I say, let anj man look at 
these spedmens of Whig and Cockney 
liberahty and decorum, and then listen 
to old Blue and Yellow (supported as 
it is by the same people as the Liberal) 
abusing the ministerial press '^ for flick- 
ering Jests on personal defects." This 
impudence is really enough to turn the 
stomach oi a hog " of the largest spe- 

But, after all, there is nothing in the 
whole of this rich concern that amuses 
ine so highly as the style in which you, 
Christopner-ryour Afj^azine, I mean 
—are discussed. First of all, at the 
very first broaching of the business of 
Map;azine8, " there is," quoth the Jef- 
frisian Scribe, *' the Gentleman's Jlia- 
gazine at the one end, and Mr Black- 
wood's at the other." Then follows a 
paragrwh about the Gentleman's Ma- 
gazine, borrowed verbatim fVom a poem 
of.Odoherty's, and some other articles 
that appeared two years ago, less or 
more^ in M<? Magazine. But what more 

of Blackwood's ? Not one word, my 
dear fellow. He could name it — or 
rather he could sufler it to be named — 
this was something — ^this was much— 
but could he go farther ? Durst he 
discuss you as he did Sylvanus Urban, 
or Tom Campbell, or Sir Dicky Phil- 
lips ? No more than a messan durst 
worry a bull-dog. Hazlittr— or the 
Cockney author, whoever he be — had, 
i doubt not, abused you very manful- 
ly through many pages of his manu- 
script If he had not done this, why, 
then, he is a mere booby ; for everybody 
majr see what the drift of the whole 
article is — everybody sees that the ob- 
ject was to attcrck you, you alone-^ 
everybody sees that but for you there 
would no more have been an article on 
the Periodical Press, thim there would 
have been an artide on the Cheese 
Press— everybody sees this ; and yet to 
the destruction of the Edinburgh Re- 
view, to the howling of Hazlitt, uid 
the eternal jobation St Jeflrey, there is 
not the pluck, after all, to do more 
than just mentioning once the mere fact 
that Mr Blackwood has '' a Magazine.** 
News indeed this to the Cockneys !— 
Only look at the drivelUng idiot Does 
he mean, after all, to pay you a com- 
pliment } He plainly says, that the 
Gentleman's Magazine is the dullest, 
and, if he were a logical writer, it would 
of course follow that he meant to say, 
Mr Blackwood's, the Magazine '* at the 
other end," is the cleverest of alL Did 
he 7nean to say this ? If so, why not 
say it ? Or did he mean to say, that 
Blackwood's was the newest, the Gen- 
tleman's being confessedly the oldest 
of the fry ? If so, he meant to say what 
he knew to be not true. He knew verj 
well that whatever merits the new Ma- 
gazines he pufls may have — and nei- 
ther you nor I are such blue and yel- 
low mrt that we should deny that they 
both have contained many excellent 
things — they owe their very breathy 
and being, and form, and substance^ 
and life, to imitation of Blackwood, 
Both Scribe and Editor Icnow this well 
enough. All the world knows it No- 
boily would confess it more freely and 
manfully than Tom Campbell himself, 
I will be bound for that It followa, 
therefore, that this scribe haa reaDy 
been deprived of all meaning whatever 
by the process his production has. be^ 
subjected to — he bas been dipt past 

Farther down a little way, I ob« 
serve a paragraph about <* slang wit. 


Letters tf Timothy Tickler, Esq, No. VIIL 


— ** shrewd remaxk^" — *' oysters and 
whisky," &c. &c., which is probably 
meant for a cut at your Nocics AmbriH 
siamr. The name^ as I have been ob« 
aerving, they dare not mention :— ex- 
cept once (and then it is done with the 
air of a child airaid of burning its fin- 
gers,) the name of " Mr Blackwood's 
jilagazine*' does not occur in this .ar- 
ticle on the present periodical press of 
Great Britain! — Yet my opinion is, 
that this paragraph about the toddy and 
oysters, &c is intended by way of a 
slap at your merry doings in Ambrose's. 
The ninnies did not see what a compli- 
ment they were paying to the dramatic 
talent displayed in that masterly series 
of papers. Poor creatures ! they want- 
ed to take a lick, and their flail nas just 
come back the wrons way, and brui- 
sed tlieir own knucKies. This, how- 
eyer, is a sort of thing that I am sure 
you, Mr North, will never dream of ta- 
king any serious notice of, even should 
you agree with me as to my opinion of 
Its porpose and drift If the Edin-^ 
burgh Review wishes to have a turn-up 
in good earnest with Blackwood^s Ma-' 
gaziMCy let the Edinburgh Review say so 
wmack out. No chaffing in corners and 
luider the breath. Let us hear the 
diallenge ! Let us see the blunt posted 
— let ns see the Blue and Yellow rib- 
bons tied to the stakes. — We shall then 
understand what we are after. And 
one word more I shall say : Let Mr 
Jeffrey himself come to the scratch — 
Mr Jcfeey, and nobody but Mr JeflFrey, 
We have battered the blood about the 
brainless heads of these Cockney raga- 
muffins, until we may well be weary 
of die occupation. Why have us lick 
tbem over again here ? Has common 
prudence departed for ever from among 
mankind ? Does Mr Jeffrey wish to 
make his Review the engine of the 
Cockneys against Blackwood? Impos- 
able. Don't let us be bothered then 
about Hunt's Rimini and Keats's £n- 
dyniion, and the rest of that odious 
trash ; but, if Mr Jeffrey really wishes 
a set-to, let him grapple at once with 
some of those never-to-be-forgotten, 
and never (oh never !) to-be-forgiven 
articles, which you levelled against the 
<Hig;iiial Edinburgh Reviewers them- 
ael^es. Answer these who can ! Well, 
wen does Mr Francis Jeffrey know, 
^lat such burdens are not adapted for 
the dionlders of the Cockneys. But 1 
can tell him, that if he himself knows 
this much of the niattar, all the world 

besides knows and feels too, that, unless 
somebody be found who will dare to 
put his back to that load, and to no 
other, it were better for the Edinbui^h 
Review to have a millstone tied about 
its neck, and to be cast into the deep, 
than to be detected standing afar off, 
and joining a timid and trembling pipe 
in tne Cockney- whine against Black- 

And this brings me at last to what 
it has all along appeared to me, must 
inevitably be the fatal, the most un- 
fortunate and fatal effect of the inser*^ 
tion of this article on the periodical 
press in the Edinburgh Review 1 The 
Edinburgh Review has of late years 
been more skilfully, effectually, and 
insufferably attacked, than oerhapa 
any literary engine of disloyalty and 
infidelity has been in our time. ** Why, 
does the Edinburgh Review make no 
answer to all this ?"-r-ha8 been the un« 
varying feeling, and the frequent ]an« 
guage of every man not immediately 
connected with Mr Jeffrey and his Re« 
viewing Cabal. The only answer they 
have ever vouchsafed has been a sort of 
would-be-disdainful toes of the nose — 
as much as to say, '' Fob ! 'tis only a 
Magazine that attacks us ! would you 
really have Jeffrey meddle with a Ma« 

gazine ?" 1 appeal to Jeffrey hinv- 

self, whether I am not now stating the 
exact truth. Of course nobody but an. 
idiot could be really taken in by such 
stuff— but still here was a something 
to be said, insinuated, hinted, look^ 

and we all know, that, give the 

Whigs a something, and, however con^ 
temptible it may he, they will find 
means to make it serve their turn 
among themselves. Well, but what ia. 
to become of them now ? What is to 
become of that fine big face, that did 
so much good service ? Othello's oc- 
cupation's gone ! 

The Edinburgh Review has at last 
come down from its altitude, and put 
itself by the side, not of Blackwood's 
Magazine {that, forsooth, had indeed 
been a favour !) but of the News, the 
Morning Chronicle, the Traveller, the 
Examiner, the Times, Cobbett, &c. 
&c. In short, it has proclaimed itself 
the " Cater-cousin" of every liberal 
and decorous journal in the worht, and 
farewell to all its greatness ! After con- 
descending to review and land the "Es^ 
says,** the " jetue-d' esprit,", the " en- 
lightened disqmsition/' <^ old Perry'a 
newspaper — after condescending . . to 


TMers of Timothy Tickler, Etq. th. rill. 


haver and stare over Uie wonderful 
adhievements of those miraculous Qen- 
tlemen of the Press, who hring out the 
dramatic criticisms in the morning 
papers, the very day after the piece ai* 
tioaed was performed— «fler testifying 
Uiia profoundrespect for theH^jDor/erjr/ 
—after calling the oontrihutions to Col- 
horn's Magazine, and its rival, ** the 
very cream of periodical literature" — 
in short, after this complete hlending, 
amalgamating, and interftising of it- 
self, with all that sort of concern — up- 
on what, in the name of everything 
that k salutiferous, is this Quondam 
Down-looker to take his stand ?— rNo t 
he has fiJlen fVom his humbug height 
—-he has didden fh>ro his vapouring 
vantage-ground — he has leapt from 
hk laughter-movkig pinnacle — he now 
stands upon the derateable ground like 
other people, and woe be to him if he 
stands there only to be a mark for your 
unerring and unsparlag artictery* You 
may depend on it, many will be the 
weanr dsya through which Mr Jeffrey 
wUl oemoan himMlf, for having been 
betrayed into this beiise. It vml not 
be either sneering or snuffling that 
will suffice to lu^ him out of the 
quagmire, into which he has sufi^red 
a quackish and Cockney will-o'-the^ 
wisp to seduce his unfortunate stilts. 
Let Mr Jei&ey reflect upon all this 
ooi>lly by himsdf— and, if he does make 
«p his mind to do the thing like a man 
— if he does make up his mind to at- 
tack you boldly and directly for your 
articles on the £dinbur^h Review, its 
political basenesses — its irreligious tone 
throughout — its occasional ilips of in- 
flddity, open and not to be mistaken — 
its bla^emous sneers— and its vile 
pitwtitution of literary criticism to the 
purposes of unpatriotic and unchris- 
tian rancour and spleen — ^if he does 
make up his mind to come forth in 
harness, and give battle upon these 
great pointa— no f<ear, (isv I, but he 
^lall meet a champion well armed for 
the conflict. But let him not lay the 
flattering unction to his soul, that, by 
loose, vague, and indefinite paragraphs 
of abuse, sudi as this roadMip thmg 
consists of, he can blind the eves of 
the public to the damning fact, that he 
avoids the questions which really have 
been, and are, at issue, between his 
knimal and that which first bearded 
him in his own nor^em den, which 
flif t shewed that to be little whidi had 
before passed conent for great, whi<^ 

stripped the mask troax the features of 
foulness, and made the despot-im^ 
postor stoop from his throne to drain 
the cup of exposure, and kneel in the 
dust m irretrievable degradation. 

As for the old assertion, so unpitf- 
in^y reiterated diroughout the five or 
six concluding pages of this article 
viz. that the Tory press of the present 
day has had the guilt of introducing a 
new and unheard-of measure, and, m- 
deed, a new and unheard-of system, of 
personal vituperation into English li- 
terature — I say, once for all, that die 
assertion is grossly in opposition to the 
truth of history. That it is wilfully 
false, I do not s«y — ^because I am sure 
Mr JeffVey is incapable of writing or 
editing what he knows to be &lse ; but, 
at the same time, I must be permitted 
to observe, that this article snevrs that 
tome Edinburgh Reviewers have read 
Blackwood's Magazine; and sll the 
world knows, that this assertion has 
been proved to he false in that jour« 
nal, not once nor twice, but fifty 
times. I refer, once for all, to that 
Number of the Koctes Ambrosiane, 
in which the history of English libel 
was gone into at so much length, and 
brought to so triumphant a condusion 
in favour of the Tories generally — but 
above all, and more especi^ly, of the 
Torv writers of the present time. As 
for tne grossness of toe mis-statement, 
I need not surelv lecture upon that to 
your readers. Tney know that Jeffrey^ 
Brougham, and Moore, were vindic- 
tive libellers of men, as weU as of prin- 
ciples, long ere Christopher North ever 
shed one drop of ink on the field oT 
periodical literature. They know that 
Peter Pindar preceded theAnti-jacobitt 
-7-thejr know that the Examiner, the 
Morning Chronicle, and the Times, 
preceded John Bull. They know that 
the Tmy warfare has been strictly, 
and in every sta^e of its propreiis, a 
defensive one: They know that I^Ir 
Jeffrey and his clan nad twenty yeara 
of free and unchecked abusing, ere 
Blackwood began to abuse them ; and 
they know, and all the world feels, that 
if, on one or two occasions, (for I denv 
that more than this can be asRcrtea, 
even by the bitterest of your honext 
enemies,) you have overstepped the 
limits of perfect propriety in tne style 
of vour warring, the transgression was 
only a transcript of what he and all 
his friends had been accustomed to do 
from their youth upwards-^md they 



LtHen '<^ TimtM^ TUkUr, E$q. No. ml. 

—•die iVQtM-"*tli6 inpirtkd cundiil 
woridf will not ftfl to observe how 
broid M the fine that most be drown 
between the nnprovbked^ tyrannical^ 
vindietHe ^tnperation/ habitual to 1^ 
eld Bdinbugfa Reriewj and the few 
eccarional Inatancee of nltnuaeyeiity 
into wbidi the reptresentati?e and the 
avenser of a ntrty whose rerj food 
bad bera insult; may have been be- 
trayed in the momentary heat aS tern- 
per-^or rather, I should say, in the 
roused and flaming indication of 
long-trampled virtue, long-derided re- 
li^liony faw^-spanied wbA outraged pa- 

Does Mr Jeffiiey flatter himself that 
an his thousand misdeeds of the form- 
tf, the free, the unfettered day of his 
domination, are forgotten or forgiven, 
racielT because in these latter times 
he and his partizans